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Augusta, - - Ga.
The Planter's Loan
and Savings Bank
Pays Interest on Deposits,
J? Accounts Solicited.
LC. KAYNE, CHAS. C. HOWARD,
RESOURCES OVER Si.ooo^poo;
1 now represent a strong
line of Fire Insurance
Comoanies and can insure
Your patronage will be
H. A. SMITH.
Full supply of
Fancy and Staple
?Let me supply your table.
Ice cold soft drinks al
ways on hand.
Fu supply of Bagging
Jar d Ties on hand for the|
Your patronage solicited.!
J. M. OUZTS.
TIM MOfIS & CORLEY,
Appointments at Trenton
Crown and Bridge Work a Special
Walter ?. Miller,,
731 Green St., Augusta, Ga.
Hea?thy Showing in Earnings
cf Ail Railroads
RECEIPTS PER MILE INCREASED
Commissioner Lane Says Railroads
Revenues For the Year Ending in
Jun? Broke All Records.
Washington, ?Special.-Tn the opin
ion of Franklin K. Lane, Interstate
Commerce Commissioner, the rail
road, industrial and financial condi
tion of the country is improving rap
idly. "It is a fact," said he "hard
ly believable, but nevertheless true,
that the total operating revenue per
mile of railroads for the year ended
June 30th, 190S, exceeds that of any
other year in the history of railroad
ing in the United tates except, the
one year of 1907. The average ope
rating- revenue per mile of line per
month for the 226.000 miles#of rail
road reporting to thc commission was
$894, for thc fiscal year of 1908.
This was less by about $61 than for
fhe year 1907; but it was more than
any preceding year, and was $11S per
mile per month more than in the year
.of the Inst presidential election. As
I predicted, a local car shortage even
now exists. Conditions rapidly are
becoming normal and prosperous."
Graham Confessed-Sentenced to
Concord. X. C.. Special.-Will Gra
ham is a self-confessed rapist under
sentence of death. On the 18th day
of December Graham is to be hanged
until dead. Judge Ferguson having
so sentenced him after thc evidence
had been taken and a verdict of
guilty reported by the'jury.
Judge Ferguson addressed the
crowded court room, showing how
the law finds the guilty one and ad
ministers justice in the case where
the law is allowed to take its course,
and in giving thc negro a fair trial
carried out the ends of justice. He
also commended the members of thc
negro race for the fidelity and the
manner in which they gave tesimony
against thc prisoner and did all pos
sible to bring out the truth.
The closing hours of the trial were
tragic and pathetic Thursday night
Graham told Captain Brown, of the
local militia, that be wanted to talk
with a preacher, and at his request
Captain Brown brought Rev. T. F.
Logan, a Presbyterian minister, to
whom Graham made a full confession.
New Orleans Cotton.
New Orleans. Special.-Cotton:
Spots opened Saturday easy and
closed steady. Good middling being
reduced 1-16 and middling fair 1-8.
Middling unchanged at 815-16; sales
on the spot 2,000 bales and 3.200 to
Futures opened quiet at a decline
of 2 to 6 points under the influence
of disappointing Liverpool cables.
Later the market sagged off still fur
ther under the bearish into-sight
statement, the active position reach:,
ing a level 9 to 10. points -under' the
previous day's filial .Quotations.
,"this -;.poin tvnumero us : ^abl?^iness?g
from Livelpeoi and' -Manchester w
received'-'statins that thc cotton mill
lockout had been settled and prices
quickly rose 20 to 23 points, at which
level they Avere at a net advance of
10 to 14 points. At the closing: the
tone was called steady and prices
showed a net advance of 5 to 7
Closing bids: Nov. 8.85: Dec. 8:78.
Jan. S.75. Feb. 8.76, March S.78; Ap
ril 8.S1 ; May 8.83.
Daughter Dead; Mother Injured,
Clarkesburg. Special-Mrs. Joseph
Fetta and her 14-year-old daughtei
were fatally injured by being run
down by a Baltimore and Ohio pas
senger train. The daughter died
while being taken to a hospital here
and the mother is not expected tc
survive an operation performed after
MARYLAND'S VOTE SPLIT.
Indications. Based on Official Return':
Are That Taft Will Receive 2 and
Baltimore, Md., Special.-Calcula
tions of the official returns from
Tuesday's elections, not finished until
Saturday, show that the electoral
vote of'Mar. la-id will be split, Brvan
getting six of the electors and Taft
two. On the popular vote-the vote
cast for the elector receiving Mif
highest number - Taft carries thc
State by 561 votes. His elector poll
ing thc highest vote received 116.47]
and the highest Brv?n elector Ho,
Mill, Employes Get Full Work.
Pawtucket, R. I.. Special.-Thc
thread mills of the J. & P. Coats
Company, in this city, employing 2,
500 hands, resumed a full time work
ing schedule on Saturday, according
to an announcement posted in thc
mills. Thc mills have been running
on short time since thc financial de
pression of last fall.
World's Visible Cotton Supply.
New Orleans. Special.-Secretan
Hester's statement of the world's vis
ible supply of cotton issued Savurdnv
shows thc total visible is 3,617,900
against 3,2S0,124 last week and 3,
371,958 last year. Of this the total
of American cotton is 3.092.90f
against. 2.741.124 last week and 2
565.082 last >eav all other kinds in
eluding Egvpt, Brazil, India, etc.
525.009 against 539;000 last week and
806,876 last year.
Clarendon, Chester and Laurens Seem
to Eave Gone "Dry" - Other
Columbia, Special.-While South
Carolina' ia normally Democratic,
scattering returns from over the
State indicate that the Democratic
majority will be about the usual 50,
All of the seven Democratic con
gressmen are returned practically
without opposition. In only two dis
tricts was there any show of a con
test, the chronic candidate, Aaron
Prioleau, in the First district, receiv
ing a Jew scattering votes, while R.
H. Richardson, another negro, was
voted for by the few Republicans in
the Seventh district.
The Socialist and Independence
tickets made a very small showing in
In the county elections, interest
centered in the contest in Lexington
for superintendent of education,
where A. D. Marlin was elected over
Rev. E. L. Lybrand b\ about 3 to 1.
For supervisior in Lee county eight
boxes out of 13 give Mooneyh.-uu
(Dem.) ;376; DuRant (independent)
In Richland, the only other couuty
where there was opposition to the
regular Democratic nominee, Samuel
H. Owens, for supervisor, deefated
his opponent, W. A. Douglass ,by a
large majority, Douglass' vote being
less than 200.
Returns received Tuesday night in
dicate that Laurens, Chester and
Clarendon have gone "'dry." While
thc returns are yet incomplete, there
is hardly any doubt that all three ol
these counties have lined up with
Martin IE Elected in Lexington
Lexington, Special.-Partial vot?
from Lexington county shows that the
total vote in thc county will be about
2,000. About 100 Republican and the
rest Democrat. A. D. Martin is elect
ed county superintendent over the
Rev. E. L. Lybrand by a majority of
about 2 to 1.
Union, Special.-Twelve precincts
out of 15 in Union county gave Bry
an electors 1,272, Taft 47.
Laurens, Special.-The total vote
here will be about 2,000. At Laurens
city box Bryan electors received 55S;
Taft 43, Socialist 1.
At Clinton. Bryan 21S; Taft.
Ooldville: Bryan 22; Taft 0.
These precincts are given as it ie
improbable that other than Demo
cratic ticket was voted elsewhere in
Chester, Special.-Fourteen pie
ciucts out of 18 in Chester county
give the Democrat?3 electors, 1,17]
and the* Republicans 39.
Bryan's estimated majority in this
county will be close on'1,400.
gives Bryan 3S9; Taft 13. Level
and Richardson, same proportion as
Abeville, Special.-Abbeville city:
Bryan 3S9; Taft 7; Independence 2.
Less than one-half vote polled in this
Interest in Camden.
. CamdeniiSpecial.-A great deal' o?
-interest is being man'fes^ed_in ..ehjpk.
\-tipn ? result's.' Beside.1- -he" excellent
^e?'':slrvic?.i'which is being furnished
its patrons by the Bell Telephone
company, the opera house is crowded
with auxious inquirers who are re
ceiving the returns over the wires.
Timmonsville, Special. - Election
very quiet. Republican electors 7;
Democratic electors 189 votes. Gover
nor, lieutenant governor, solicitor,
members of house of representative!
The Vote in Pinewood.
Pinewood, Special. - Democratic
electors 40; Republican 15. Legare
47, Prioleau 13. Vote for prohibition
34 against 10. The election passed
Greenwood, Special.-Partial re
turns 1,080 for Bryan ; 9 for Taft.
Edgefield, Special-Vote gives Bry
an electors, estimated. State and
county ticket, 1.300; Taft electors 17.
Democratic vote 500 short. Election
passed off quietly.
electors in Marlboro from eight out
of 12 precincts receive 759 votes, Re
publican electors 15 votes. O'lly
about 50 per cent, of registered vot
ers cast their ballots in this county.
Out of 1,929 registered voters, only
03 certificates aro held by negroes.
Anderson, Special.-Probably 3,500
votes cast in Anderson county, all of
which were Democratic except a few
Republican; Rain fell over the coun
ty befora the polls closed.
Atlanta Court Fixes Weight Georgia
Mule May Haul.
Atlanta, Ga.. Special.-There is a
limit to the weight a Georgia mule
should be made to haul and this limit
was fixed by Judge Broyles in police
court at 2,500 pounds. Judge Broyles
fined C. B. Walker $5.75 because Wal
ker's mule was caught by an enter
prising policeman in the act of haul
ing a load of 4,032 pounds.
Prominent Georgia Woman Dead.
Columbus, Ga., Special.-Emma
Moffett Tyng, aged 02 years, died
here Monday. Mrs. Tyng was an ex
tensive traveler in both thc new and
old worlds and her lecture on the
Holy Grail was received with much
appreciation in various Southern
cities. She spent nearly all of thc
past few years of her life in New
York. She was thc author of one
novel and was a frequent magazine
J"I' I"I"I"I"I'-I"I"I"I"Z"I"I-1-I- I- I 'I-l-fr
JL iTK D I ?X r\ KW rfTk iTV Tt C\ 1
RT PROF. WILLIAM IT. HAND.
University of South Carolina.
Paper Number Nine.
The High School Situation.-Count
ing the increased facilities added this
year, it is easily demonstrated by lig
ures that thc public high schools of
the State, aided and unaided, have in
creased in efficiency more than twen
ty-five per cent since January 1.
1907. In more than one-fourth of
them the efficiency has been doubled
within that time. The chief increase
is in the quantity and qaulity of the
teaching force, thus giving longer
recitation periods, a wider range ot"
studies, and lengthened courses of
study. The State appropriation of
$50,000 has been the chief instru
ment by which these improvements
have been brought about, but it must
be admitted that even with this lever
it has been a task of magnitude to
secure this increased efficiency. It
has required courage and watchful
ness on thc par1 of the Slate High
School Board to prevent thc schools
from taking the State aid for thc
high school, then turning it into the
common school department without
one particle of increase ot efficiency
in the high school.
The introductory statement might
lead the uninformed to think that our
high schools are apw satisfaclory.
Far from it. There are not far from
140 public schools coming within tho
minimum definition of a high school
under the present high school law
one teacher giving all his time to not
fewer than fifteen pupils above thc
seventh grade or seventh school year.
Of these 140 schools, 25 have ene
high school teacher each, 80 schools
have two teachers each, and the re
maining ones more than two teachers
each. Only six schools have each the
full teaching time of five teachers or
In nearly all the one-teacher high
schools the recitation periods have
been advanced to 30 minutes each,
nothing less than 20 minutes being
accepted in the aided schools. In
those with two or more high school
teachers, fully three-fourths have
40. and 45-minute periods, while a few
have one hour periods. In an aided
school of this class nothing less than
30 minutes is accepted. The great
est single gain has been this length
ening of the recitation periods, and
upon the whole thc situation iu this
respect is satisfactory.
Some noticeable improvement in
the competency of the teachers has
been made, but in this respect condi
tions are far from satisfactory. Many
places are willing to pav from $1,200
to $1,500 for a supervising principal,
but give him cheap assistants. It is
utterly useless to talk about getting
a competent and experienced woman,
fitted to do high school teaching, at
$40 a month, or a man who has
shown himself qualified, at $60. It
is painful to rae to say this, for among
just such teachers are some of my
best personal friends. But I know
only too well that the standard of
the high schools depends upon the
standard of their teaching force. Let
me tell some things I have seen and
heard. I have seen more than one
high school teacher wrestle a half
hour with an ordinaryj)rqbkm... in,J
Wentworth's Practical A^ithm?tic,. a j
b?okusually completed in.'tlie^eighth
a bookTe'aily too difficult for ' the
eighth grade where it is usually
found, I have seen teachers cover
enough ground in one 30-minute reci
tation to have given profitable work
for three such periods. In one his
tory recitation I have seen tho class
read the text like a fourth reader for
one-half the time, then listened to thc
teacher ask twenty to thirty wholly
unrelated questions each suggestive
of the answer expected. Day after
day I see teachers vainly attempimg
to teach English Grammar and Punc
tuation from the rules and the few
examples given in the textbook, and
seemingly oblivions to thc fact that
every text the child uses is full of the
very illustrations needed. Latin
usually referred to as a dead lang
uage; it might with propriety bo
called deadly in some instances. Not
a few high school pupils after iwc
years of Latin study are unable tc
separate a word into its syllabics, oi
to determine the length of a syllable.
In translation it is no uncommon
thing to hear such as this: "Galiia
Gaul, est-is, omnis-all, divisa-divided.
in-in, partes-parts, tres-three." etc
As a specimen product of the viiroi
of the Latin grafted upon the flexibi
lity of the English! note this: "Thc
army having been drawn np more as
the nature cf thc place and the slope
of the hill and the necessity of Mir
time than ar. thc order and plan of
military things demanded, since I lu
different legions somo in one part and
some another were resisting the en
emy and the thick hedges having been;
cast down," etc. (See Caesar's Gal
lic War. Book II, chapter 22.) Thc
teacher who accepted this jagron hold?
a college diploma, and is exempt from
examination of fitness to teni']}. On
my desk arc some specimens of spell
ing in the handwriting of high school
teachers-all but one college gradu
ates: Ceasar (thus by three teachers),
latin, liturattfe, Enock Arden. Bcu
ler's Grammar has been in constant
use in this State eight years. *md
Myers' Histories more than fifteen
years. Here are some of the varia
tions: Mver's, Meyers', Meyer's;]
Moulder (five teachers), Beulah (three
teachers), Beulah (two teachers)
Beuhlar (one teacher). A fifleeni
hundred dollar principal can not
make bricks without straw.
Only a few high schools are con
*enl lo offer a two-year course, al
though one of the best schools in thc
State has but two years. Nine-tenth?
'f the high schools offer a throc-ycai
"ourse, no matter how many nor how
Pew (''achers. Last year lhere were
'?ni four public high schools in flu
State with a standard fonr-ycni
fm rf" end crouch teachers to te.iel
T, e renort for 1008-9 will sliov
oerhrns riffllt standard four-year?
schools. To he sure more I han Lom
schools claim a four-yerr course. Sev
eral schools claiming a four-year
course were credited with fewer units
of work than are required for a
standard three-year course a ul one
school claiming four years irA below
the requirements for a standard two
year course. The standard appl.ed
to thc high schools was that generally
accepted by the colleges of the St'tc,
and is below that used hy the Corne
gie Foundation Board. The error in
to which most o fthesc schools have
fallen is to divide their pupils into
four classes with six and seven moth
intervals ol' advancement between
cadi two, then call each division ?a
year in the course. That the reader
may sec the validity of some of these
claims, some courses are herc oui lin
ed: This is thc fourth year's work
in one school: The first half of My
ers' General History, Comercial Ari
thmetic five tirro a week, three hooks
of Plane Geometry, and forty-five
hours during the year in Tappau's
History of Literature. Another four
year school gets through the Second
Book of Caesar's Gallic War. four
books of Plane Geometry, and Tap
pan's Literature. Numbers of these
courses show that the third year and
the fourth year classes are together in
more than one study. Ono must not
he misled by the term literature in
many of these schools. It is nothing
more than reading about thc authors
of literature a' little biography, if the
truth must bc told.
The poverty of sonic of these four
year courses is more than offset by
some of the plethoric three-year
courses, some of which arc formid
able affairs. At random I take one
year's work from 0:1c of these
courses: Arithmetic, Algebra. Rheto
ric, Literature, Latin (reading, gram
mar, and prose composition). Physi
cal Georgraphy, History and Business
Methods (an innocent little text.)
In this year's work every pupil takes
everything prescribed, and each pupil
is on recitation practically every pe
riod during the day. Several schools
have Arithmetic, Algebra and Geome
try in the same year's work, and a
few have Physical Georgraphy ?nd
Physics in the same year, with prac
tically no other science in the entire
The majority of the one-teacher
high schools undertake the impossible
-lo teach a full four-year course.
One such school has classes in Arith
metic. Algebra, Geometry. English
Grammar; English Composition, Liter
ature, Physical Geography, U. S. His
tory. S. (". History. General History,
Beginner's Latin, Caesar, and Ovid.
? One teacher may teach a few subjects
tlnoiHi a four-year course, and clo
it well, but on such course as the
! one just given a teacher is wasting his
time and energv. The greatest evil is
to the pupil. His time and effort are
divided up among so many subjects
that he pursues none of them long
enough or far enough to get any train
ing or knowledge out of them. In
even Hie better schools the average
pupil gets but little out of such sub
jects as Physical Geography, Physics,
and Civics, because they are not stu
died long cnoiiirh to benefit the pupil.
The high schools, like the common
schools, suffer from the endless chang
ing ol' tear hers. A comparison of
this year's schedule with that of last
year shows thal thc whole course has
been overhauled and reorganized, and
in some cases thc new course seems lo
he given over to reviewing past work.
Perhaps such course is, necessary, but
it shows a ieari'uJ waste of.-energy
.'somewhere. . 'Ju' at .'least, two ?cases
'tl?e n?^:-teachers have ^aken.-tlfc' ,pu-;
pits out of ??'last'year V. eighth 'and
ninth grades, added ' a few recruits,
and made a four-year school. Pre
sumbiy this is progress.
According to a decision of the Illi
nois Supreme Court foam is not beer.
Railroad companies aro preparing
to expend millions for frelgh; equip
Dalmatians look with suspicion on
Austrla'e. annexation ol' Bosnia and
Turkish Ministers are pleased at
Russia's determined opposition to
Rear-Admiral Emory lauded at
Amoy and called on the imperial Chi
Lee De Forest, the wireless experf.
said wireless telephones were proving
a success on two British warships.
Henry Farman covered twenty
miles in twenty minutes in his aero
plane, flying from Mourmelon to
At the dispersal of the McGrath
iana Stud of horses, tl;? property of
of Milton Young, 4GS <cad realized
Naval officers at Newport ex
pressed the opinion that the stranded
cruiser Yankee would be saved by
John Arbuekle's plan.
Many expressions of public opinion
In favor o? the anti-iioiRi* orJinances
were received iu Nev York City by
the Committee on Laws and Legisla
The Bulgarian Ministry of Justice
Issued orders that ii. future subjects
of foreign powers in Bulgaria should
no. longer enjoy the intermediary of
The Now York City Board of Edu
cation postponed action on a resolu
tion designed lo bar teachers and
other employes from taking an active
interest in politics.
Bequests cf $150,000 to the Metro
politan Museum of Art and of $2,
000,000 to the New York Post Grad
uate Hospital were made in the will
of Frederic Cooper Hewitt.
A HOPELESS CASE.
"Young man," said the stern par
ent, "when I was your age I worked
hard for my living."
"Very 'inconsiderate of you to men
tion it," answered tho gilded youth.
"You'll have them ta-king about lt
at the eV'b np*''?_w??Mn<?tnii FUnr.
H*^"H"HMH*?HH I M1I H-H
THE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUSTA,
L. C. HAYNE, CHAS. R. CLARK.
Surplus & Profits $190,000.00.
The business of our out-of-town friend*
receives the samo careful attention a? timi
of nurlncal depositor?. The accounts ol
careful onso. <atlve peopl.} solicited.
HH-H Mill M"I-**?H-r*H-?
Pays 4 % interest on all ac<
compounded every six moj
Capital and Surpl
Before insuring elsewhere
Old Line Companies.
At The Farmers ]
that rt?ns like
a top, smoothly
edly. If an engioe
balks or stops and you
have to fool away your
time to find oat tbe cays?,
you don't want that enjdne
because it m cass t waste of
time and energy. -.- -:- -:- -
E. J. N
Coal Heaters, Cook
sortm?nis of cook
The railroads, declares the Atlan
tic Constitution, must keep that
promise to haul thc prosperity.
When placing 'your Insure
ance give me a call. I rep
resent a very strong line of,
FIRE - - -
Ageot for the largest
I^IITE; - - .
Insurance Co. I will ap
preciate a stare of yourbusi
ness. 1 can be found at my
office---0'fice No. a---over Bank of,
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gie Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
V. A. HEMSTREET
Guns, Pistols, Eimives.
CARTES il EDGES.
First CBass Repairing.
655 Broad Street,
Near Georgia Railroad Bank.
:ounts in this department,
iths, January and July.
Wegrepresent the Best
Sank of Edgefleld
I. H. C. :j
are so prac
tical and so
simple that when
you start them they
run until you stop
them whether you art
wricking or not Never
out ?t Nptfrj-don't waste fuel.
Call on cs and we will gladly
explain '?fcc good points of the J
I. H. C. engte?. -?- -:- -:- -:
Stoves in JJ sizes.
?S pipe, full as
mg utensils, etc.
0*4 ly fer
* successful 8W
James A. Dohey^
Johnston, S. C.
Cffico over News-Mcnitcr Cfiice.
JAS. S. BYRD,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
/?3F-0fllce over Poat-Office.