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Augusta, - - Ga.
? 1111111 HH-MS44-M-*-H
The Planter's Loan
and Savings Bank
Fays Interest on Deposits,
J? Accounts Solicited.
LC. KAYNE, CHAS. C. HOWARD,
1 now r?pr?sent a strong
I line of Fire Insurance
Companies and can insure
? our patronage will be
H. A. SMITH.
Full supply of
Fancy and Staple
?Let me supply your table.!
Ice cold soft drinks al
ways on hand.
Fu supply, ^ Bagging
kV d Ties on hand for the
Your patronage solicited.
J. IL OUZTS.
T/MMOjVS & CORLEY,
Appointments at Trenton
Crown and Bridge Work a Special
Walter C. Miller,
731 Green St., Augusta, Ga.
Thone 87. '
Heathy Showing in Earnings
cf AH Railroads
RECEIPTS PER MILE INCREASED
Commissioner liane Says Railroads
Revenues For thc Year Ending in
June Broke All Records.
Washington, ?Special.-In the opin
ion of Franklin K. Lane, Interstate
Commerce Commissioner, the rail
road, industrial and financial condi
tion of the country is improving rap
idly. "It is a fact," said he "hard
ly believable, but nevertheless true,
that the total operating revenue per
mili of railroads for the year ended
June 30th, 190S, exceeds that of any
other year in the history of railroad
ing in the United tates except the
one year of 1907. The average ope
rating revenue per mile of line per
month for the 226.000 miles #of rail
road reporting to the commission was
$394, for' the fiseal year of 190S.
This was less by about $G1 than for
fhe year I "07; but it was more than
any preceding year, and was $118 per
mile per month more than iii the year
.of the last presidential election. As
I predicted, a local car shortage even
now exists. Conditions rapidly are
becondng normal and prosperous/'
Graham " Confessed-Sentenced to
Concord, N. C., Special-Will Gra
ham is a self-confessed rapist under
sentence of death. On the ISth day
of December Graham is to be hanged
until dead. Judge Ferguson having
so sentenced him after the evidence
had been taken and a verdict of
guilty reported by the'jury.
Judge Ferguson addressed the
crowded court room, showing how
the law finds the guilty one and ad
ministers justice in the case where
the law is allowed to take its course,
and in giving the negro a fair .trial
carried out the ends of Justice. He
also commended the members of the
negro race for the fidelity and the
manner in which they gave tesimony
against the prisoner and did all pos
sible to bring out tho truth.
The closing hours of the trial were
tragic and pathetic Thursday night
Graham told Captain Brown, of the
local militia, that he wanted to talk
with a preacher, and at his request
Captain Brown brought Rev. T. F.
Logan, a Presbyterian minister, to
whom Graham made a full confession.
New Orleans Cotton.
New Orleans, Special.-Cotton :
Spots opened Saturday easy and
closed steady. Good middling being
reduced 1-16 and middling fair 1-S.
Middling unchanged at S15-16; sales
on the spot 2,000 bales and 3,200 to
Futures opened quiet at a decline
of 2 to 6 points under the influence
of disappointing Liverpool cables.
Later the market sagged off still fur
ther under the bearish. into-sight
statement, the active position, rc'achj.
h^g^M^^lo iq yotyt?^?^\ the
received 's rafi: ig im^WMoUoawM
lockout had been settled and prices
quickly rose 20 to 23 poinJ s. at which
level they were at a net udvt.r?e? of
10 to 14 points. At the closing the
.tone was called steady and prices
showed a net advance of 5 to 7
Closing bids: Nov. 8.85; Dec. S:7S.
Jan. 8.75. Feb. 8.76, March 8.78; Ap
ril 8.81; May 8.83.
Daughter Dead; Mother Da jared,
Clarkesburg. Special-Mrs. Joseph
Fetta and her 14-year-old daughter
were fatally injured by being mn
down by a Baltimore and Ohio pas
senger train. The daughter died
while being taken to a hospital here
and the mother is not expected tc
survive an operation performed af tex
MARYLAND'S VOTE SPLIT.
Dedications. Based, on Oficial Returno
Are That Taft Will Receive 2 and
Baltimore, Md., Special.-Calcula
tions of the official returns from
Tuesday's elections, not finished until
Saturday, show that the electoral
vote of'Maryland will be split, Brvan
getting six of the electors and Tafl
two. On the popular vote-the vote
cast for the elector receiving 4 he
highest number - Taft carries thc
State by 561 votes. His elector poll
ing the highest vote, .received 116.471
and the highest Biran'elector 115,
W.l\ Employes Get Full Work.
Pawtucket, R. I., Special.-Thc
thread mills of the J. & P. Coats
Compan)', in this city, employing 2,
500 hands, resumed a full time work
ing schedule on Saturday, accordinp
to an announcement posted in thc
mills. Thc mills have been running
on short time since the financial de
pression of last fall.
World's Visible Cotton Supply.
New Orleans. Special.-Secretary
Hester's statement of thc world's vis
ible supply of cotton issued Saturday
shows the total visible is 3,617,90(1
against 3,2S0,124 last week and 3,
371,958 last year. Of this the total
of American cotton is 3,092,000
against 2,741,124 last week and 2
565.082 last year all other kinds in
cluding Egypt, Brazil. India, etc.
525,000 against 539,000 last week and
S0?.S7G last year.
S???E mts MmMm
Clarendon, Chester and Laurens Seem
to Eave Cone "Dry" -'Other
Columbia, Special.-"While South
Carolina' is normally Democratic,
scattering returns from over the
State indicate that the Democratic
majority Avili be about the usual 50,
All of the seven Democratic con
gressmen are returned practically
without opposition. In only two dis
tricts was there any show of a con
test, the chronic candidate, Aaron
Prioleau, in the First district, receiv
ing a Jew scattering votes, while R.
H. Richardson, another negro, was
voted for by the few Republicans in
the Seventh district.
The Socialist and Independence
tickets made a very small showing in
In the county elections, interest
centered in the contest in Lexington
for superintendent of education,
where A. D. Martin was elected over
Rev. E. L. Lybrand by about 3 to 1.
For supervisior in Lee county eight
hoses out of 13 give Mooneybnm
(Dem.) 576; DuRant (independent)
In Richland, the only other county
where there was opposition to the
regular Democratic nominee, Samuel
H. Owens, for supervisor, deefated
his opponent, W. A. Douglass ,by a
large majoritj*, Douglass' vote being
less than 200.'
Returns received Tuesday night in
dicate that Laurens, Chester and
Clarendon have gone "dry." While
the returns are yet incomplete, there
is hardly any doubt that all three o?
these counties have lined up with
Martin Is Elect?d in Lexington
Lexington, Special.-Partial voU
from Lexington county shows that the
total vote in the county will be about
2,000. About 100 Republican and the
rest Democrat. A. D. Martin is elect
ed county superintendent over the
Rev. E. L. Lybrand by a majority of
about 2 to 1.
Union, Special.-Twelve precincts
out of 15 in Union county gave Bry
an electors 1,272, Taft 47.
Laurens, Special.-The total vote
here will be about 2,000. At Laurens
city box Bryan electors received 553:
Taft 43, Socialist 1.
At Clinton. Brvan 21S; Taft.
Goldville: Bryan 22; Taft 0.
These precincts are given as it it
improbable that other than Demo
cratic ticket was voted elsewhere in
Chester, Special.-Fourteen pre
cincts out of 13 in Chester county
give the Democratii electors, 1,171
and the* Republicans 39.
Bryan's estimated majority in this
county will be close on''1,400.
gives Bryan 3S9; Taft 13. Lever
and Richardson, same proportion as
Abeville, Special.-Abbeville city:
Bryan 339; Taft 7;.Independence 2.
Less than one-half vote polled in this
' Interest in Camden.
, Camden.,.-Special.-A great deal o?
Hfl^SB^9B?ing manifested in^eljgjk.
tior.. r?-suils.' Besides "the excellent
service, which is being furnished
its patrons by the Bell Telephono
company, the opera house is crowded
with auxious inquirers who are re
ceiving the returns over the wires.
Timmonsville, Special. - Election
very quiet. Republican electors 7;
Democratic electors 189 votes. Gover
nor, lieutenant governor, solicitor,
members of house of representatives
The Vote in Pinewood.
Pinewood, Special. - Democratic
electors 46; Republican 15. Legare
47, Prioleau 13. Vote for prohibition
34 against 10. The election passed
off quietlj-. ,
Greenwood, Special.-Partial re
turus 1,080 for Bryan ; 9 for Taft.
Edgefield, Special-Vote gives Bry
an electors, estimated, State and
county ticket, 1,300; Taft electors 17.
Democratic vote 500 short. Election
passed off quietly.
electors in Marlboro from eight out
of 12 precincts receive 759 votes, Re
publican electors 15 votes. Only
about 50 per cent, of registered vot
ers cast tbeir ballots in this county.
Out of 1,929 registered voters, only
63 certificates aro held by negroes.
Anderson, Special.-Probably 3,000
votes cast in Anderson county, all of
which were Democratic except a few
Republican: Rain fell over the coun
ty befora the polls' closed.
Atlanta Court Fixes Weight Georgia
Mule May Haul.
Atlanta, Ga., Special.-There is a
limit to the weight a Georgia mule
should be made to haul and this limit
was fixed by Judge Broyles in police
court at 2,500 pounds. Judge Broyles
finod C. B. Walker $5.75 because Wal
ker's mule was caught by an enter
prising policeman in the act of haul
ing a load of 4,032 pounds.
Prominent Georgia Woman Dead.
Columbus, Ga., Special.-Emma
Moffett Tyng, aged 62 years, died
here Monday. Mrs. Tyng was an ex
tensive traveler in both the new and
old worlds and her lecture on the
Holy Grail was received with much
appreciation in various Southern
cities. She spent nearly all of the
past few years of her life in Kew
York. She was the author of one
novel and was a frequent magazine
?I"H"J'-M"!-1 X- Z
.. /TK ? i trv /-\ 1 m /nv /TK T r> i
BY PROF. WILUAM H. HAXD,
University of South Carolina.
Paner Number Nine.
^"?i"i"i"i"i"X"X-x ?2-X--Z--X--I-I -l-l r M4
The High School Situation.-Count
ing the increased facilities added this
year, it is easily demonstrated by fig
ures that thc public high schools of
the State, aided and unaided, have in
creased in efficiency more than twen
ty-five per cent since January 1,
1907. In more than one-fourth of
them the efficiency has been doubled
within that time. The chief increase
is in the quantity and qaulity of the
teaching force, thus giving longer
recitation periods, a wider range of
studies, and lengthened courses of
study. The State appropriation of
$50,000 has been the chief instru
ment by which these improvements
have been brought about, but it must
be admitted that even with this lever
it has been a task of magnitude to
secure this increased efficiency. It
has required courage and watchful
ness on the part of the State High
School Board to prevent the schools
from taking the State aid for the
high school, then turning it into the
common school department without
one particle of increase of efficiency
in the high school.
The introductory statoment might
lead the uninformed to think that our
high schools are -apw sa ti sf ac lory.
Far from it. There are not far from
140 public schools coming within tho
minimum definition of a high school
under the present high school law
one teacher giving all his time to not
fewer than fifteen pupils above the
seventh grade or seventh school year.
Of these 140 schools, 25 have one
high school teacher each, 80 schools
have two teachers each, and the re
maining ones more than two teachers
each. Only six schools have each the
full teaching time of five teachers or
In nearly all the one-teacher high
schools the recitation periods have
been advanced to 30 minutes each,
nothing less than 20 minutes being
accepted in the aided schools. In
those with two or more hisrh school
teachers, fully three-fourths have
40.,and 45-minute periods, while a tew
have one hour periods. In an aided
school of this class nothing less than
30 minutes is accepted. The great
est single gain has been this length
ening of the recitation periods, rind
upon the whole the situation in this
respect is satisfactory.
Some noticeable improvement in
the competency of the teachers has
been made, but in this respect condi
tions are far from satisfactory'. Many
places are willing to pav from $1,200
to $1,500 for a supervising principal,
but give him cheap assistants. It is
utterly useless to talk about getting
a competent and experienced . woman,
fitted to do high school teaching, at
$40 a month, or a man who has
shown himself qualified, at $60. It
is painful to me to say this, for among
just such teachers are some of my
best personal friends. But I know
only too well that the standard of
the high schools depends upon the
standard of their teaching force. Let
me tell some things I have seen and
heard.' I have seen more than one
high school teacher wrestle a half
hour with an ordinary nroblem... ilk
.Wentworth'^ Practical A??thmbi?c, a
book usually completed jB^HRgh th
egf|pr*?/i<?%'s Phvfci' rraphy
a bookT-e'ally foo difficult fox" the
eighth grade where it is usually
found, I have seen teachers cover
enough ground in one 30-minute reci
tation to have given profitable work
for three such periods. In one his- j
tory recitation I have spen the class
read the text like a fourth reader for
one-half the time, then listened to thc
teacher ask twenty* to thirty whollv
unrelated questions each suggestive
of the answer expected. Day after
day I see teachers vainly attempting
to teach English Grammar and Punc
tuation from the rules and the few
examples given in the lextbook, and
seemingly oblivious to the fae.t that
every text the child uses is full of the
very illustrations needed. Latin is
usually referred to as a dead lang
uage;'it might with propriety bi
called deadly in some instances. Not
a few high school pupils after two
years of Latin study are unable tc
separate a word into its syllables, oi
to determine the length of a syllable.
In translation it is no uncommon
thing to hear such as this: "Galiia
Gaul, est-is, omnis-all, divisa-divided.
in-in, partes-parts, tres-three," etc
As a specimen product of the vigoi
of the Latin grafted upon the flexibi
lity of the English: note this: "Thc
army having been drawn up more as
the nature cf the place and the slope
of the hill and the necessity of tho
time than as thc-order and plan of
military thintrs demanded, since flu
different legions somo in one part and
some another were resisting the en
emy and the thick hedges having been
cast down," etc. (See Caesar's Gal
lic War. Book II, chapter 22.) Tho
teacher who accepted this jagron holds
a college diploma, and is exempt from
examination of fitness to teacjj. On
my desk are some specimens of spell
ing in the handwriting of high school
teachers-all bot one college gradu
ates: Ceasar (thus by three teachers),
latin, liturature, Enock Arden. Bcu
ler's Grammar has been in constant
use in this State eight years. *md
Myers' Histories more than fifteen
vears. Here are some of the varia
tions: Mver's, Meyers', Meyer's;
Reuhler (five teachers), Beulah (three
teachers), Beulah (two teachers)
Beuhlar (one teacher). A fifi cen
hundred dollar principal can nof
make bricks without straw.
Only a few high schools are eon
tent to offer a two-yeai; course, al I
though one of the best schools in th<
^tate has but two years. Nine-tenths
->? the high schools offer a three-ycai.
"curse, no matter how many nor how
few teachers. Last, year lhere were
but four public high schools in Ihr
Sfnfe with a standard four-ycai
ftui'S" pud cnouch teachers to teacl
:?-. The report for 100S-?) will *hov
wrbpps eijrht standard fonr-ycars
schools. To be sure more than foui
schools claim a four-year course. Sev
eral schools claiming a four-year
course were credited with fewer units
of work than are required for a
standard three-year course and one
school claiming four years fell below
the requirements for a standard two
year course. The standard applied
to the high schools was that generally
accepted by the colleges of the State,
and is below that used by the* Corne
gie Foundation Board. The error in
to which most o fthese schools have
fallen is to divide their pupils into
four classes with six and seven moth
intervals of advancement between
each two, then call each division"a
year in the course. That the reader
may sec thc validity of some of these
claims, some courses are here outlin
ed: This is the fourth year's work
in one school: The first half of My
ers' General History, Comercial Ari
thmetic five time a week, three books
of Plane Geometry, and forty-five
hours during the year in Tappan's
History of Literature. Another four
year school gets through the Second
Book of Caesar's Gallic War, four
bcoks of Plane Geometry, and Tap
pan's Literature. Numbers of these
courses show that the third year and
the fourth year classes arc together in
more than one study. One must not
be misled, by the term literature in
many of these schools. It is nothing
more than reading about thc authors
of literature a" little biography, if the
truth must bc told.
The poverty of some of these four
year courses is more than offset by
some of the plethoric three-year
courses, some of which arc. formid
able affairs. At random I take one
year's work from one of these
courses: Arithmetic, Algebra, Rheto
ric, Literature, Latin (reading, gram
mar, and prose composition). Physi
cal Georgraphy, History and Business
Methods (an innocent little text.)
In "this year's work every pupil takes
everything prescribed, and each pupil
is on recitation practically every pe
riod during the day. Several schools
have Arithmetic, Algebra and Geome
try in the same year's work, and a
few have Physical Georgraphy .ind
Physics in the same year, with prac
tically no other science in the entire
The majority of the one-teacher
high schools undertake the impossible
-to teach a full four-year course.
One such school has classes in Arith
metic. Algebra. Geometry, English
Grammar; English1 Composition, Liter
ature, Physical Geography, U. S. His
tory. S. C. History. General History,
Beginner's Latin, Caesar, and Ovid.
One teacher may teach a few subjects
thioiHi a four-year course, and do
it well, but on such course as the
one just given a teacher is wasting his
time and energv. The greatest, evil is
to the pupil. His time and effort are
divided up among so many subjects
that he pursues none of them long
enough or far enough to get any train
ing or knowledge out of them. In
even thc better schools the average
pupil gets but little out of such sub
jects as Physical Geography, Physics,
and ("ivies, because they are not stu
died long enough to benefit the pupil.
The high schools, like the common
schools, suffer from the endless chang
ing of teachers. A comparison of
this year's schedule with that of last
year shows that the whole course has
been overhauled and reorganized, and
in some cases thc new course seems lo
be given over to reviewing past work.
Perhaps such course ia necessary, but
ir. shows a fearful., waste .of. energy,;
. somewhere. 'In. at 'least; two'.oaies.
thV ?e^.-teachers 'have .Jakcn 'tlfe" .pu
pils- otu of - last years' : eighth. ? and
ninth "grades, added a few recruits,
and made a four-year school. Pre
sumbly this is progress.
According to a decision of the Illi
nois Supreme Court loam is not beer.
Railroad companies aro preparing
to expend millions for frelgh: equip
Dalmatians look with suspicion on
Austria'e. annexation ol' Bosnia and
Turkish Ministers are pleased at
Russia's determined opposition to
Rear-Admiral Emory landed at
Amoy and called on the imperial Chi
Lee De Forest, the wireless experf.
said wireless telephones were proving
a success on two British warships.
Henry Farman covered twenty
miles in twenty minutes in his aero
plane, flying from Mourmelon to
At the dispersal of the McGrath
iana Stud of horses, the property o?
of Milton Young, 4GS head realized
Naval officers at Newport ex
pressed ihe opinion that the stranded
cruiser Yankee would bc saved by
John Arbuekle's plan.
Many expressions of public opinion
In favor of the anti-noi?<? ordinances
were received in Nev* York City by
the Committee on Laws and Legisla
The Bulgarian Ministry of Justice
issued orders that iL future subjects
of foreign powers in Bulgaria should
no. longer enjoy the intermediary of
The Now York City Eoard of Edu
cation postponed action on a resolu
tion designed lo bar teachers and
other employes from taking an active
interest in politics.
Bequests cf $150,000 to the Metro
politan Museum of Art and of $2,
000,000 to the New York Post Grad
uate Hospital were made in the will
of Frederic Cooper Hewitt.
A HOPELESS ?AS?.
"Young man," said the stern par
ent, "when I was your age I worked
hard for my living."
"Very 'inconsiderate of you to men
tion it." answered the gilded youth.
"You'll have them ta'klng about lt
at the f1** nevti"-w?^?n<rtnn Star.
t"i"i"?"i"i"i"i"i"X"i' i inn H?M
THE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUSTA,
L. C. HAYNE, CHAS. R. CLARK,
Surplus & Profits $190,000.00.
The business ot our out-of-town friend.
receives the same careful attention aa that
of our h.cal depositors. The accounts of
careful consecutive penpltj solicited.
[??H"i minimi H-K-H
Pays 4 % interest on all ace
compounded every six moi
Capital and Surph
Before insuring elsewhere
Old Line Companies.
A.t The Farmers ]
a top, s mo orb! y
edly. If an entice
balks or stops and you
have to fool away your
time to find out the cause,
you don't want that ensene
because lt means a waste of
time and energy. -:- -:- -:
Coal Heaters, Cook
sofiments of cook
The railroads, declares the Atlan
tic Constitution, must keep that
promise to hatti the prosperity.
When placing *y?ur Insure
ance give me a cali. I rep-,
resent a very strong line of]
FIRE - - -
Agent for the largest
IvIFE - - -
Insurance Co. I will ap
preciate a stare of yourbusi
ness. 1 can be found at my
office-Office No. a---over Bank of?
James T. ?JIM^
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gie Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs,
V. A. HEMSTREET
Guns, Pistols, Knives?
First CBass Repairing.
655 Broad Street,
Near Georgia Railroad Bank. 1
;ounts in this department,
Iths, January and July.
Wegrepresent the Best
3ank of Edgefield
I. H. C. :|
are so prac
tical and so
simple that when
you .start them they
run until you stop
them whither you an?
watching ox not. Never
out ?t re pHrf don't waste fud,
Call op us and we will gladly
explain tte feod points of the J
I. H. C. engte?. -:- -:- ?:- -:- 1
Stoves in all sizes.
?0 pipef full as^
lng utensils, ete.
;? successful 8fi
James A. Bobey^
Johnston, S. C.
Office over News-Mcnitcr Cilice.
JAS. S. BYRD,
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
?^*Office over Post-Office.