Newspaper Page Text
"I'd give fifty dollars down for a
hundred and ?eveuty-five pounder, in
good condition !" declared the host of
the Anglers' Anchorage.
"Poof! I'd give five hundred!"
laughed the New Yorker, who owned
several electric roads and was a di
rector in one or two banks.
"On your own hook and line, sir,"
amended the host, suavely.
"Of course. On my o wu hook."
The Bostonian dropped a bead of
oil on the axle of a dismembered reel,
and delicately smeared it over the
steel with his finger-tip.
"I had a good one on yesterday,
The New Yorker and the mau who
favored an eight-ounce red exchanged
the 'glance of cynical brotherhood.
"We. know that one," they said,
wearily. -The ene that might have
.'But my reel was gummy and the
line parted," continued the Bostonian,
with characteristic deafness. "I think
he weighed at least one hundred and
thirty. One of the Salem Kents
caught a hundred and ninety pounder
last, season. But that happened at
-There's no doubt that Mexican fish
run heavier," said the man who al
ways felt a desire to apologize for the
Bostonian. "But these are big and
gamy enough for me-when I get
one. Three days wichout a bite!"
-Ifs a little early," reassured the
host. "The m2in body hasn't struck
ia yet. When they do there'll be j
The EosLonian, tenderly assembling j
the oiled bits of steel, smiled coldly.
"Yet you offered fifty dollars for a
hundred and seventy-five pounder a
"Sure. . And I expect to pay the (
money," said the host. "If I had
time, I'd go out and vin the reward
myself. I vant a nice fish for the
hall mantelpiece, that's all."
As he bustled indoors, the New
Yorker and the man with the eight
ounce rod exchanged another glance
"His fifty i3 safe," said the New
"Wish I could feel as sure about
my little pile." said the other. "This i
place is too far up. ' Only the light j1
scouts will ever get her?. Wish J
hadn't exchanged old camps for new."
On the lowest step of the veranda,
Bert Christiansen and Sidney James
listened reverently. The new An
glers' Anchorage had dropped like au
Aladdin's palace into their surround
ings, and every day they came to bask
in its atmosphere of elegant leisure.
Here were grown men ?rom the
North, stout and florid with good liv
ing, who talked of fishing as if it were
the business of the land, lt was up
setting yet fascinating, this new light
on the unfamiliar waters of the blue
' .They were fishermen themselves,
ilthcugh in the surreptitious fashion
jf boyhood. Seining, which is hard
tvork, bad the family approbation,
tmt, bait-fis&vng vas :'rowhed ' upon..
rhvs? maa. o f.; the North would "as
soon .dynamite the lagoon as sweep
it with a net, and "here was Host
Simpson offering half a hundred dol
lars for a mere herring! Bert and
Sidney exchanged looks that recorded
i common vow.
"But wjere are we going to get the
cackle!" mourned Bert-. "I've noth
ing that will hold one as big as that."
? Neither had Sidney. As he was
?onslder?^g the problem, the host re
appeared and called to him, "Here
pou, Sid! Take Mr. Worthington out,
will you? It's no^use waiting for that
lazy darky,-" he added, to the Bos
tonian. "Like as not he won't come
round, and the boy knows where the
fish are all right."
The man from Boston studied the
boy through his glasses. The eyes
behind them were sharp but kindly.
"Perhaps you'd like to try for that
fish of S?TTPSOU'S," he suggested.
?I've several extra rods, and you may
Poor Bert! He could not help
feeling envious as he watched the
Joyous Sidney tuck the rod under his
arm and sally forth. One by one the
other gentlemen, accompanied by
their negro boatmen, went down to
the landing. No one noticed him sit
ting there on the step. The clear blue
of the sky and the flashing water
mocked at him.
"I s'pose they think I'm too j
young," he said to himself. "Sid's
two years older. That's why."
lt was not much of a consolation.
lt vas none, in fact. He sat there
trying hard to be manly, but seeing
the little scattered flotilla of boats
through a mist.
Again thi host came to the door,
and his eye rested on the rather for
lorn figure. "Hello, young.man!" he;
said. "How are you-pretty quick
on your pins?"
"What, sir?" asked Bert.
"Good with your legs? Can you.
use 'em? Make 'em move faster than
a darky's? I want an errand .done at
tho village, and I want it done quick."
"I reckon I'm quick, sir." said Eert,
aa a plan darted into his mind.
Lean and wiry from outdoor work,
he made the trip to the village and
back in less than half an hour, sur- j
prising Mr. Simpson exceedingly.
"What, hack ' so quick!" he ex-,
?lalmed. "You're al! right. I'll have j
to use you a pain."
He held ov? a brlgbt '..nrl'v. but
Bert, ft r.s.p^i h'.ti hu?u? b<i'?i??
"I'd be mighty glad to run errands
for you, sir," he said, breathlessly,
"any time, sir. But I don't want
money. If you'd let me have-if
"If I'd what?"
"If you'd lend me an old rod, I'd
try to catch that tarpon for you."
Mr. Simpson slowly pocketed the
quarter. "You think fifty dollars In
the lagoon are better than a quarter
in the hand, eh! Wall, I don't know."
AMES, JR.. ? i
? He eyed the boy meditatively:r~f"Ever
used a rod?"
"Lots -of times. I've caught sea
trout and cavally and kingfish and
tarpon, too. . But they were small
ones," Eert added, truthfully.
"I don't know," mused Simpson.
"Well, all right. I'll let you have a
rod and fixings it you'll promise to do
more errands. A rod costs good
"I'll promise," said Bert.
After a man is tired of trout, and
has come to be a match for the skilfnl
salmon, he is likely, if he is a con
sistent angler, to turn to Southern
waters for new conquests. There be
will "::d among the hordes of strange
fish eager to take his bait a giant
herring, that for weight, agility and
cunning is the king of all game-fishes,
with the possible exception of the
huge leaping tuna. Men who have
found salmon-fishing an easy sport
havj had their pride lowered when
they came to cast a tarpon lins in
some placid lagoon. Here there are
no running waters or eddy-encircled
rocks to complicate the battle; noth
ing but the big fish himself to fight,
but the chances are.that he will beat
Bert had his own logy bateau and
his particular friend and admirer,
Wash Lee, who stood ready to do
menial labor for him at any moment.
It never entered the youthful auto
crat's head to ask a favor of Lee. If
he planned a fishing expedition, he
merely mentioned the fact within
Lee's hearing, and it was then under
stood that the darky was io do the
The idea of fishing for tarpon like
"de gen'msn from de No'th" inflated
Lee with an unusual sense of lim
portance. At the appointed Vme he
appeared at the landing with a brand
new rag round his perennially sor?
toe, and the left hind foot of a rabbit
in his trousers pocket.
"She'll shore bring us luck, too," he
confided. "She's de same what Yaller
Jack bruck de las' dry spell with."
Eert sniffed. He had not much
faith in such charms, at least, when
it came to fishing. He put a pop
eyed, slippery, one-poun?l mullet on
the hook and swung it overboard.
The velvet cluck of the big reel was
inspiriting music. Kt had never held
such a perfect rod in his hands be
fore, and his pulse stirred bravely.
There was not a ripple on the sur
Tace of the dead blue lagoon. The
?cattered boats from the hotel lay off
:o the north, as motionless as if glued
:here. Bert had chosen new ground
near the narrow inlet, where the tide
runs in from the sea in long, pulsat
ing jets, like blood in an artery.
He had dropped anchor there at
?lack water, hut the iridescent film
:hat gathers on the surface at euch
:imes was now beginning to break up
into lines and darkening feathers
:hat glided slowly toward the head of
:he lagoon. Soon it was all gone.
Then the first clean gush of sea
water came, lifting the boat a little,
ind lett\n2,:it sink" gently as. it rolled
With this^gre'en wa??r came preda-'
rory.'fish. Few of them were, visible,
jut now and thin a porpoise showed
i slice of fat, muddy back, or a pir
itically slanted fin ripped the surface,
in the lagoon there was plenty of
When the tarpon came, it was a
lescent of Norsemen. Boring their
way up the inlet, their bright hacks
rising and falling, they came in rush
ing fleets-eager to be the ?rs? on the
?eeding grounds. They stretched
from shore to shore like the metal
plates of a steel corslet, racing so
close to the boat that they cast spray
into it, but not one noticed the
hooked mullet. He was too insignifi
cant all by himself. They wanted a
school to charge and devour, worry
aud scatter. In a few minutes they
were gone with the inflow that had
"Wes too far down!" wailed Lee,
In despair. "Dey's gone up to de
boats, and Sid'll catch our fish, nure.
Pall up de anchor, Mister Bert. Pull
. "Pull up nothing," said Bert,
sturdily, although he was somewhat
pale. He had never seen so many of
the great fish before. "I've watched
this place, and if you can't catch one
here, you can't anywhere."
He drew in his iine and put on a
vigorous mullet from the bucket. The
"bait" scooted here and there, feeling
the danger. In every way it did its
best to draw that danger down upon
its defenseless head; but the sun
passed the zenith and sank slowly
toward the west, and the reel hung
silent on the rod.
The fish "were not biting," as the
anglers say. They were there and at
work. Patches of shadow and patches
of foam mottling the blue of the
lagoon showed that the mullet and
small fry were being harried, but no
siik line tautened. Anglers are pa
tient folk, but they have their super
stitions, and-one of-them is that when
fish show a disinclination to bite, they
cannot be made to. One after an
other, as the sun sunk, they quietly
took their rods apart and stole back
to the landing; all but Ber and the
Bostonian, who had made it a princi
ple to combat ail conventional con
It was high flood. Six hours had
I passed. The drowsy Lee came out of
-ls ca.-nap suddenly, and with an in
articulate expression. Something had
surged ia the water close by. The
drooping line took life and straight
But before Bert could strike, the
water boiled and broke noisily, and a
wide dorsal fin cut it like a knife. On
the hook were the staring head and
bleeding shoulders.of a tarpon, the
rest of whose body lay in the maw
of a thievish shark.
"I reckon we-all better go on
home," said Lee, shudderingly. "I
doan' like fishing fo' sharks. "
? JJoit put on another mullet and
! cast it clear of the cloudy spot on the
"This is where we get action," he
said. "Some of 'em are going out
The bait had scarcely sunk below
the surface before the same uncanny
upheaval occurred. Again the line
crept out and out, stealing away from
the boat. Then Bert struck, and with
a shower Of drops the line straight
ened like a steel wire, and the rod
creaked under the dead weight. It
was a dead weight only for an in
stant. After that it was so much
alive that the reel shrieked high to
the fierceness ot its rush.
One hundred feet from the boat
the tarpon shot out of the water. Up
he went, his cheeks flaring from the
red gills till he seemed all enormous
head. Still he rose, foot on foot of
blinding silver, and at the great
length of him Lee gasped and pulled
the rabbit's foot from his pocket.
"Conjure him! Conjure him!" he
yelled, and shook, the little hairy pad
at the fish as it curved in a high arc
and fell back, driving foam to the
Now he rushed steadily and
straight for the head of the lagoon.
The raised tip of the rod put its strain
upon him, but a tarpon six feet long
is not to be turned or tired by such
tricks. Foot after foot of the line
spun from the reel. Bert had no
finger-stalls, and the thin silk ate hot
into the flesh of the thumb with
which he "tried to brake the line.
Two hundred and fifty feet ran out,
and the fatness of the reel was gone
before^the tarpon swung. He came
straight for the boat. Bert reeled
frantically. It would not do to give
the fish too much slack. There was
a dreadful droop to the line when the
second leap came and the tarpon rose,
higher than before, and slatted his
great head vigorously. When he
turned in mid-air he bent like a steel
bow, and snapped out straight again
with a jerk that tossed the line high.
But in the heart of the suds and
broken water the line stiffened, and
Bert knew he had the fish well
hooked. Well-hooked is' far from be
ing safely landed. A tarpon can per
form more acrobatic feats than almost
any other game-fish in the sea; and a
straight rush, if not stopped in time,
will inevitably end in a broken line.
Not once did the tarpon sulk, lt
was straight fighting every minute.
With rod and reel and bloody fingers .
Bert fought back, and the hour that
passed seemed a dozen. He was
bathed in sweat, and every muscle
ached. Even his teeth ached under
the dogged pressure of his jaws. Lee
chewed on his precious rabbit's foot
with savage disregard of its value.
He might have ground it up if the
tarpon had not intervened.
During the first hali of the second
hour the fish seemed as fresh as ever,
but a series of huge leaps and their
smacking falls tired him. For the first
time Bert was able to gather in a
hundred feet of line, the tarpon yield
ing sullenly to the strain. He lay
now within a few yards of the boat,
dorsal fin out, his &ix feet of silver
gleaming through the water.
"Coax him, Mister Bert! " pleaded
Lee, gaff in hand. "Lemme jet jus'
one jab at him with dis yere pike."
Bert touched the reel with numbed
fingers, but gentle as the pull, was, it
roused the tarpon to a last fury. Out
of the suddenly swirling water he
rose, open-mouthed, and J. fore the
boys could, move he was upon them
wita, an impact that sent Lee .md the
oars tying, and thrust; the ',
of the boat'beneath the. surface.
- : Bejrt'^?n?Hh? tarpon and;tlie "broken
halves" of 'the centre , seat:1 thrashed
about on the flooded bottom. The
boy's length was less than that of the
great fish, but he thrust his hands
into the wide gills and wound his legs
round the slippery body, and fought
with shut eyes. He was fighting in
his own element and the tarpon was
not. %The muscular body ceased to
heave under him; and when the
streaming Lee cautiously appeared
at the gunwale, the rabbit's foot pro
truding from his lips, the real strug
gle was over.
The tarpon, stuffed and varnished,
hangs over the hall fireplace of the
fashionable Anglers' Anchorage, and
under it is this inscription: "The
Silver King. Caught by Herbert
Christianson, June 3, 1907. Weight
204 pounds." And when the new
guest stands open-mouthed before it,
the host adds something like this:'
"Yes, sir, that's a record fish for
this coast. If I'd known you were
coming, I'd have tried to arrange a
day with Bert for you. He's our best
guide, and his time is booked way
A Promise Given.
Representative Longworth, at a
dinner party during the Republican
convention in Chicago, talked about
"Honest politics alone pay in the
end," said he. "Your dishonest poli
tician comes out like Lurgan of Cin
''Lurgan, of Cincinnati, was can
vassing for votes. He dropped in at
" 'Good morning,' he said. 'I may
count on your support, I hope?'
" 'Why, no, Mr. Lurgan,' said the
grocer. 'I've promised my support to
"Lurgan laughed easily.
I " 'Ah! but in politics,' said he,
'promising and performing are two
" 'In that case,' said the grocer
heartily, 'I shall be most happy to
give you my promise, Mr. Lurgan.' "
Rural Police Desirable.
Change "will come slowly under our
American system of dividing States,
cities and towns and having no gen
eral police, but it is idle to suppose
that a country with no rural police,
and only a common courtesy uniting
its .city police, can keep human life
as safe or track murderers as surely
as the enveloping dragnet an English
or European police can spread over
an entire country. Our States need
an efficient rural police, in constant
service, patrolling thc roads. Closer
relations between the police and our
cities must come If crime is to be
X Roads Doomed by Autos.
Logan Waller Page, director- of tba
Office of Public Roads of the Depart
ment of Agriculture, commissioned
jy President Roosevelt, is on his way
.0 France tovell the highway engi
neers of the world what, in his opin
ion, the automobile is doing to mac
idam thoroughfares and what should
3e done to counteract its destructive
President Roosevelt summoned Di
rector Page to the White House and
jonferred with him about this high
way problem. He learned that an al
most incalculable amount of damage
?vas being done daily, and then he
Informed the director that it was his
wish that the United States be strong
ly represented at the coming interna
cional road congress in Paris, and
asked for the names of two other ex
perts. Mr. Page named Colonel
Charles S. Eromwell, superintendent
of buildings and grounds of the Dis
trict, and Clifford Richardson, an
authority on bituminous road ma
terial. They were appointed, and Mr.
Page was made chairman of the dele
Although this congress will not as
semble at Paris until October ll, Di
rector Page decided to sail somev/hat
sarly to inspect some of the roads of
England, Germany and France b*efore
the congress is called to order. **He
wished to see if the speeding automo
biles worked the same damage there
as they do here and study the rem
edial work that is being done. Here
he has learned that by the tractive
force of thc rubber tires of the speed
ing motor cars the surface binding
dust of rock roads is drawn from its
resting place and is sent swirling .to
the adjacent fields.
Inasmuch as the integrity of the
macadam road rests absolutely in
this rock dust, which acts as a bind
ing and surfacing crust, a dissipating
of the surface leaves the road nothing
but a mass of loose, round stones.
The tests on the Conduit road, near
Washington, D. C., prove this conten
tion absolutely, and he carries with
him a collection*of pho tographs taken
during the progress of those tests.
These pictures will be submitted to
The greater question that will arise
will be how to overcome the effect of
automobile traffic on hard roads with
out restricting the automobile or pre
venting its development.
Two solutions there are lo that
question: One, to find a material of
which roads may be made which cre
ates no dici, or, secondly, to so treat
the roads already constructed that
the dust will be retained upon them.
That, of course, is now being done
in many parts of the country by
spraying with calcium chloride and
by the use of various bituminous
Director Page and his associates
will have much interesting informa
tion to contribute along those lines,
for within .the past few months many
miles of ^America's roads have been
treated with these various prepara
tions, many of the tests under the di
rection of some expert from the Fed
eral Office of Public Roads.-Wash
The Split Log Road Drag.
There are thousands of highways
in the rural districts, which while
only -tt?ing excuses for roads, may be
put into shapo by the .use of the road
drag, ?*nd it is .important to know
that'farmers' bulletin/just issued by
the Bepartment^'f Agriculture, gives
a description of the split log road
drag for use on earth roads. The
split log road drag is by no means a
new institution, but this fifteen-page
pamphlet tells why it is sometimes a
failure. For one thing, it is often
made too heavy; it should be light
enough for one man to lift easily.
A dry cedar, elm or walnut log is the
best material for a drag-far better
than oak or hickory. Another mis
take is in the use of squared timbers
instead of those with sharp edges,
whereby the cutting effect of sharp
edges is lost and .the drcr0 gliaes over
instead of equalizing the irregular
ities in the surface of the road.
By the ordinary process of ditch
cleaning, scraping, etc., it is estimated
that road improvement costs from
$20 to $50 per mile, while by the use
of the split log drag and plank ditch
cleaner, ranges from $1.50 to $5
per mile, and a far better road is the
The advantages to be gained from
the use of a road drag are emphasized
in the bulletin thus: First, the main
tenance of a smooth, serviceable earth
road, free from ruts and mudholes.
Second, obtaining such road surface
with? the expenditure of little money
and labor in comparison with the
money and labor required for other
methods. Third, 'the reduction of
mud in wet weather and of dust in
dry -weather. This publication
(Farmers' Eull?tin 321) can be had
free upon application to the Secretary
of Agriculture or to your member of
Right Way For Roads to Run.
It has now been discovered that if
tve want to be happy and healthy
we must live on roads that run from
north to south. Furthermore, it is
affirmed that those who live on roads
which run from east to west are in
variably found to be depressed and
drooping, like flowers which are not
This is a fact which we can each
put to the test by noticing whether
those of our friends who live between
these two points of the compass are
less cheery than those who live be
tween north and south. Without
doubt there is something in the the
ory, which amounts to this, that the
roads running north to south get all
the morning sunshine and best light,
and in the morning human beings,
like plants, require these or their
tempers, health and spirits are de
An Old Story.
"She tells mc that theirs is a pla
tonic- love. What docs that mean,
hubby?" "Means that we'll bavo to
dig up for a wedding-present in about
two months."-Louisville Courler
Clean the Chimney.
Where wood is much used as a f uei,
according to Suburban Life, consid
erable soot collects in the chimneys,
and it is a source of many fires. The
chimney should be burnt out once a
year, at least, and the work done on
a damp day-or it may be swept out.
? chimney is burnt out by placing a
bundle of straw or similar material
in the bottom of the Hue and firing it.
To sweep out a chimney, a small met
al ball, about four inches in diame
ter, ia hung on a thin rope aud pulled
up and down in the chimney until
it Is clean. When it too high, the
chimney can be cleaned by a bru?b
on a jointed pole.
Pretty Finger Xails.
To have pretty finger nails it ls
necessary to keep them properly man
icured. The nails should be filed in a
curve which follows the shape of the
end of the finger. After the nails
have been filed the finger tips should
be held in hot, soapy water until the
cuticle is soft, when it maybe easily
pushed back from the nail by means
of an orangewood stick. To give the
nails a delicate rose tint they should
be polished by applying some good
ointment or powder. In the interest
of pretty nails it is a good habit to
rub cold cream into the cuticle every
nigat, always rubbing the cuticle
away from the nails. Another little
habit is to always, when drying the
hands, rub the cuticle back with the
towel. These little habits help ma
terially to keep the nails in order and
greatly lighten the weekly manicur?
ing proeefe. .-^Indianapolis News.
When varnished floors have be
come blackened in spots and there
aro numerous heel marks, they need
a standing finish, and must be treated
with extreme measures. The old fin
ish must be first removed, and when
the floor is revarnished see that the
liquid is of good quality, and that
several coats are given. A waxed floor
?leeds only another coat of wax and a
horough polishing. Grease spots
can often be removed with turpentine.
It is best, to remove spots from rugs
or carpets as soon as they are made.
Spots made by sticky substances may
be removed* by sponging them with
alcohol and salt, a pint of alcohol to
a teaspoonful of salt. Grease or oil
spots should be. covered with wet ful
ler's earth, and allowed to stand for
two days and then brushed off.
French chalk will remove fresh grease
spots. Cover the spots well, then
spread a brown paper over them and I
apply a moderately hot iron.-New j
York Evening Post.
When mahogany furniture is in a
very bad condition the only metaod
of restoring it is thac of first remov
ing the old finish, and the old meth
od of scraping and sandpapering is
the best one. After this is done, eith
er wax, varnish, or oil may be ap
plied. Dents in hard wood may be
filled in with colored wax. White
enamelled furniture may be cleaned
with a cloth dampened in warm wat
er and a little, whiting if necessary.
At the end it should be thorough'/
rubbed dry with a soft cloth. G'lt
furniture and gilt frames, may be
cleaned with a paste made of'whiting
and alcohol. This should be rubbed
off before it hardens. Natural-col
ored wicker furniture can be scrubbed
with a brush and^yarm soap suds.
Painted and enamelled wicker should
be treated like white enamelled fur
niture. This sort of wave, however,
is quite unsatisfactory because the
enamel chips and the paint wears off,
-New York Evening Post.
Steamed Steak.-Take about two
pounds of round steak and cover with
a dressing as for a chicken, then roll
the steak up and tie it with a good
string. Put it in a lard pail and cov
er tightly. Set this pail in a kettle
of water and steam for about three
hours. Take from pail and thicken
very little the gravy in bottom of
Japanese Sandwich.-This is made
of any kind of left-over fish, baked
or boiled. Pick out every bit of skin
or bone and flake in small pieces. Put
into a saucepan with a little milk or
cream to moisten, add a little butter
and'dusting of .pepper. Work to a
paste while it is heating, then cool
and spread on thiu slices of buttered
Salad Dressing.-One egg, one tea
spoonful of mustard, one teaspoonful
of salt, two teaspoonfuls of pastry
flour or cornstarch, one-half cup of
sugar, piece of butter the size of a
walnut. Add these to a cup of boil
ing milk, then add one cup of scalded
vinegar. When stirring in vinegar
stir In gradually. If lumpy, beat with
egg beater. Add a pinch of cayenne
Stuffed Peaches.-Wash and stone
medium sized peaches, cover with
salt and water, let stand over night;
fill each centre with grated horse
radish, celery seed and ginger root.
Tie two halves together with a string,
pack in jars. Turn over them a syr
up made of one quart vinegar, one
pound sugar and two teaspoons each
of whole cloves, cinnamon and all
spice (in cheese cloth bags).
Caked Apple Tapioca;.-One-half
cup (granulated or farina) tapioca,
one quart boiling water cooked in a
double boiler about fifteen minutes.
Add one cup sugar, one tablespoon
butter, little grated nutmeg; butter
an earthen pudding dish; pare, core
and quarter six or eight tart apples,
put in dish; pour the cooked tapioca
over them and bake in oven until the
apples can be pierced with a straw;
when cool, eat with sugar or crsam.
President Roosevelt Says li is
His Own Private Concern
PEOFLE SHOULD NOT INTERFERE
The President-Elect's Religions Be
lief, Declares the Presiden;, Is
Purely His Own Private Concern;
a Matter For "Which He Is Re
sponsible Solely to His Maker, and
Not a Subject for General Dis
cussion or PoHtical Disciinination.
Washington, Speen !.-"Secretary
Taft's religious faith is purely his
own private concern and not a matter
for general discussion and political
discrimination," says President
Roosevelt in a letter he made public
in which he answers numerous cor
respondents. The President says he
deferred the publication of the letter
until now to avoid any agitation
likely to influence the election. The
November C, 190S.
My Dear Sir: 1 have received your
letter running in part as follows:
"While it. is claimed almost uni
versally that religion should not enter
into politics, yet there is no denying
that it does, and thc mass of the
voters that are not Catholics will not
support -a man for any office, es
pecially for President of the United
States, who is a Roman Catholic.
"Since Taft has been nominated
for President by thc Repubiean par
ty, it is being circulated anti is con
stantly urged as a reason for not vot
ing for Taft that he is an inlidel (Un
itarian) and wife and'brother Roman
Catholics. . * . if his feelings
are in sympathy with the Roman
Catholic Church on account of his
wife and brothel- being Catholics,
that would bc objectionable to a suffi
cient number of voters to defeat him.
On thc other hand, if he is an infidel,
that would be sure to mean defeat.
* . * I am writing this letter
for the sole purpose of giving Mr.
Taft all opportunity to let thc world
knov what his religious belief is.''
I received many such letters as
yours during the campaign, express
ing dissatisfaction with Mr. Taft on
religious grounds;; some of them
thc ground that he was a Unit: jan,
and others on the ground that he
was suspected to be in sympathy with
Catholics. 1 did not answer any of
these letters during the campaign
because I regarded it as an outrage
??ven. to agitate such a question as a
man's religious convictions, with the
purpese of influencing a political
election. But now that the campaign
is over, when there is opportunity for
men calmly to consider whither such
propositions as those you make in
your letter would lead, I wish to in
vite them to consider them, and I
hive selected your letter to answer
tecause you advance both the ob
jections commonly urged against Mr.
Taft, namely: that he is a Unitarian
and also that he is suspected of sym
pathy with the Catholics.
You ask that Mr. Taft shall "let
the world know what his religious
belief is." This is purely his own
private concern, and it is a matter be
tween him and his Maker, a matter
for Iiis own conscience; and to re
quire it to be made public under pen
alty of political discrimination is to
negative the first principles of our
government, which guarantee com
plete religous liberty, and the right to
each man to act in religious affairs
as his own conscience dictates. Mr.
Taft never asked ray advice in the
matter, but if he had asked it. I
should have emphatically advised
him against thus stating publiclv his
religious belief. Thc demand for a
statement of a candidate'.' religious
belief can have no meani.ig except,
that there may be discrimination for
or against him because of that be
lief. Discrimination against the
holder of one faith means retaliatory
discrimintion against men of other
faiths. The inevitable result of cn
ternm1 upon such a practice would be
an abandonment of our real freedom
of conscience and a reversion to the
dreadful conditions of religious dis
sensions which in so many lands have
proved fatal, to true liberty, to true
religion and to all advanced in civili
To discriminate against a thorough
ly upright citizen because he belongs
lo some particular Church, or be
cause, like Abraham Lincoln, he has
not avowed his allegiance to any
Church, is an outrage asainst that
liberty of conscience which is one
of the foundations of American life.
You are entitled to know whether a
man seeking your suffrage is a man
of clean and upright life, honorable
in all his dealings with his fellows,
and fit by qualification and milpose
to do well in the irreal office for
which he is a candidate; but you are
not entitled to know matters which
lie purely between himself and his
Maker. If it is pjPbpjr or legitimate
to oppose a man 'for being a Uni
tarian, as was John Quincy Adams,
for instance, as is the Reverend Ed
ward Everett. Hale, at the present
moment chaplain of the Senate, and
an American of whose life all good
Americans arc proud-then it would
bc equally proper to support or op
pose a man because of his views on
justification by faith, or the method
of administering the sacrament of the
gospel of salvation hy works. Tf you
once enter on such a career there is
absolutely no limit at which you can
So much for your objections to Mr.
Taft because he is a Unitarian. Now,
for your objections to him because
you think his wife and brother to be
Roman Catholics. As it happened,
they are not; hut if they were, or if
he were a Roman Catholic himself, it
ought not to affect, in the slightest
degree any man's supporting him for
thc position of President.
I believe that this republic will en
lure for many centuries. If so there
I viii doubtless be anions its Pr?si
dents Protest ant s and Catholics and
very probably at come time, Jews.
I have constantly tried while Presi
dent, to act in relation to my fellow
Americans of Catholic faith as I hope.
that any future President who hap
pens to be a Catholic will act to
wards his fellow Americans of$
Protestant faith. Had I followed any
other course I should have felt that
I was unfit to represent ?.he Ameri
In my cabinet at the present mo
ment there sit side by side Catholic
and Protestant, Christian and Jew,/
each man chosen because in my be
bef he is peculiarly fit to exercise on
behalf of all our people the duties of
the office to which I have appointed
him. In no case does the man's re
ligious belief in any way influence
his discharge of his duties, save as it
makes him more .eager to act justly
and uprightly in his relations to all
men. The same principles that have
obtained in appointing the members
of my Cabinet, the highest officials
under me, the officials to whom is
entrusted the work of carrying out
all the important policies of my ad
ministration, are the principles upon
which all good Americans should act
in choosing, whether by election or
appointment, the men to fill any of
fice from the highest to the lowest
in the land.
Mr. J. C. Martin.
Mrs. William Astor died at her
home in New York City.
Manufacturers and business men
united at Richmond, Va., to honor 1
Mr. Li Sum Ling, the Chinese publi
Andrew D. White has returned
from his first visit to Berlin since he
was stationed there as American Min
Miss Elkins and the Duke of the
Abruzzi will be married before Janu
ary 1, said reports from the bride's, "
A dispatch from Newmarket said
that there was no truth in the rumor
that King Edward had been injured
in an automobile accident.
Signor Guglielma Ferrero, an Ital- ,
ian historian, author of "The Great
ness and Decline of Rome," is pre-,
paring for a visit to the United States.
Dr. Sven Hedin scatc-J, according
to special cable advices to the New
York Herald from Hong Kong, that
Chinese influence in Tibet will have
gO' " -onrltS.
Emperor Nicholas informally re
ceived Crown Prince George of Ser
via, and urg2d the necessity of the
abandonment of a hostile attitude to
Princess Henry of Battenberg ls
the latest recruit to the list of royal
authors. She has just finished a his- ,
tory of the Isle of Wight, of which
she is the captain and governor. The
book is to be sold for the benefit of
Mrs. William Howard Taft is said
to be a very expert needlewoman,
and she does not confine her work to
darning and mending, as was shown
by the fact that she has made a beau
tiful lace handkerchief and sent it to
an Indiana town to be sold for char
FOREIGN NEWS NOTES. .
British railways in 1907 killed
1117 persons and injured 8811.
A British blue book says that on
January 1 last England and Wales
had 928,671 paupers-nearly a mill
China by imperial decree orders
that the punishment for manufactur
ing morphine needles shall be banish
ment to a pestilential frontier.
Statistics published by the munici
pal poor relief fund show that the
cost of living in Paris, France, has
increased eighteen per cent, since
Greece has a beet sugar factory
turning out twenty tons a day. Sugar
j-etails in Greece at eleven cents'a
pound. The import duty is five cents
Pauperism in London. England,
continues to increase. The number
of paupers on September 6 last was
118,954, against 114,577 on the same
day in 1907.
Jamaica, West Indies, now has a
monthly steamship service with Gal
veston by the United States Shipping
Company. The sailings will increase
as business develops.
By reason of the falling off in its ,
American trade the last ten months .
the Austrian Shipping Company,
known as the A-.istro-American Line,
will not. pay any dividend this year.
Scotland's fish catch in 1907 was
9,078,059 hundredweight,worth $15,
425,525. The industry employed
94,773 men on 10,365 vessels of 141,
385 aggregate tonnage, worth $23,
Denmark's beet sugar production
this season is only 110,250,000
pounds, a decline of 34,177,500
pounds from that of the season 1906- .
07. Two companies with seven fac
tories do all the business.
The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
has completed 675 miles of track
trom Winnipeg westward.
Chamois gloves are not near so
warm as their appearance would war
rant one in supposing. .
They absorb perspiration so that
persons who perspire freely will find
them much more comfortable than
silk or lisle thread. Again, they are
much smarter looking than the fabric,
gloves and if properly washed are
very desirable. It is careless washing
that makes them shrink or crack.
The correct method is to make a
thick suds of white soap and wann
water, and, putting the gloves on the
hands, wash in the same way as ono
would the hands.
When clean, rinse through wann
soapy water, then wipe dry as possi
ble with a towel, and if convenient,
dry on the hands in the ooen air.
Another process is to make the
suds as described ami then wash the
gloves as one would a handkerchief
or other small article rinsing in warm
soapy water. The gloves are then
put into a -clean cloth and wrung dry.
Afterward they aro put on glove
trers or pined up where the air wlil
blow freely around them.-Washing
Europe should not complain of
graft, admonishes the Atlanta Consti
tution, since she extended a warm
welcome to so mar .bsconding graf,