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Convention Held In Charlotte
Organize fGr Extermination
PUN A VIGOROUS WARFARE
JUsesabled to Make War on the Great
Whit? Plasms,-Tuberculosis, its
Prevalence, Costliness and Fatality
-Remedies Pointed Out.
At 10 o'clock Tuesday morning in
the Selwyn Hotel in Charlotte, the
23orth Carolin?. Convention for the
"'Prevention of Tuberculosis, assembl
cd. After the preliminaries were
done in due form the doctors plung
ed into theil* subject with great earn
estness and zeal. Space will per
drait of only the gist of the arguments
in favor of a vigorous warfare
against the "great white p^uge."
Br. J. P. Monroe said Tuberculosis
is the greatest enemy .of modern peo
ple and that it roust be exterminated.
He held out hope to the afflicted that
enies are possible.
Dr. Harper said that it is esti
iaated"l'that tuberculosis fatalities ex
ceed those of war, famine, plague
cholrea, yellow fever and small-pox,
It was set forth that even in our
own nation 55S people die daily of
the disease and that North Carolina
shares only too fully in the propor
Its courses are ! understood to be,
i hereditary tendency,' lack of suffici
ent clothing, living in infected'houses
_(which should be disinfected) lack of
ventilation, lacie of cleanliness, un
sanitary invironment, 'lack of
proper . food. etc., which can
be summed up in the terra, Ignorance
on the part of the, people as to the
nature of the disease and the means
of prevention and cure of it.
Poverty was given as a cause and
a" result of the malady.
The cost of the dread disease as
brought out is an eye opener. .Whin
"St is considered what is the average
earning capacity of victims, together
with costs of treatment while linger
ing, an' average estimate of $3,000
each is placed. Probably 200,000
people die in the United Scates every,
year, of *his malady. Thus $1,600,
000,000 worth of productive energy
ie cut off from our nation every year.
.The remedies advocated so. unani
mously and forcibly are popular edu
cation on the subject, means of'treat
ment of patients and power to en
force laws-of health.
To educate the people Dr. Williams
advocated a small, well hound, neat
book of about 50 pages, composed
in readable, attractive style, also a
smaller printed pamphlet as well as
?*?tfeer forms of. literature. These
shouTur'ie~ gotten up by 'the legisla
ture and distributed by county co
operation. These books should be
taught in the schools, the teacher
having had suitable training, and
also frequent lectures should be de
livered in the schools on the subject.
^Hospitals, sanitariums and colonies
seem to be the means of treatment
for infected. These, it was set forth,
should be maintained partly at least
by taxation in order that no one
would wait too long to apply for
help through a feeling of dependency
but could claim it as a right.
. To any objection on ?he score of
costliness is rebutted the immense
l08s now sustained by the ravages of
A city like Wilmington it was es
timated, would have about 80 deaths
? year. The cost of the sickness and
death, together with the earnings of
these persons in normal condition
and average life being about $8,000
would bring the city's loss up to
$640,000 annually. It is estimated
too, that in a hospital or sanitarium
at a cost of $175, the average life
of the afflicted would be^iengthened
by ten years.
It is a recognized fact that there
axe those who would not submit to
laws of safety, to their fellow men
Saeh as burning all sputum ~and tak
ing treatment where such could ef
fectually, benefit them and he a
means of safety to others. In such
cases law and its proper execution
rms thought a necessary expedient.
Among contributors of papers, etc.,
were Dr. I. W. Faison, Charlotte; Dr.
T. E. Brooks, of Aberdeen ; Dr. Win
iam M. Jones, of High Point; Dr.
Westry Battle. U. S. N., Dr. "W. J.
cAnnally, of High Point; Dr. A.
Crowell, of Charlotte; Dr. Jaro^J
"aries T. JEs*""""""^ -gt?nr
? Z"*^~ . ..tr?Trrvr'?r Greens
:'. Lambeth, of the
niverslty**of Virginia: Dr. Charles
Minor, and Dr. Pa;d "Paquin, of
What the Convention Wae.
It was not ""a doctors' convention.
ie doctors were the leaders and.
achers, but the membership of the
['North Carolina Society for the Pre
vention of Tuberculosis" is made up
af jail the citizens in the State who
ant to see the extermination Of Tu
?alosis and will band themselves
^ tier and give a little time and
aoney to carry on the war. The
aembejBship fee is $100 per year and
rory citizen of the State should ba
trolled. Send your name and gift
Dr. C. A. Julian, ThomasvITle,
POUT Articles in Its Creed.
Tuberculosis is our greatest
2. Tuberculosis can be prevented.
3. Tuberculosis can be cured.
4. Tuberculosis must be extermi
How People Get Tuberculosis.
|Dr. Minor: "We know that prac
.jilly the onlv danger of infection
itws from the expectoriation of
suffering from pulmonary tuber
culosis. in their sputum is found the
germ in large numbers and when
dried, reduced to dust, and blown
?round, it can under favorable con
ditions (but not easily, it is ture, for
it with difficulty, can infect man) pro
duce tho disease in those in whom it
succeeds in getting firm lodgment.
"Street spitting we cannot hope
for a long time if ever to stop, but
if we can only teach that to spit
on a sidewalk, and not into the road
way, is improper, we must and prob
ably can trust our good frienc? the
Sun to continue at the old stand un
doing, out doors at least, the bad
effects of man's carelessness.
"It is indoor spitting that is dan
gerous and which chiefly spreads the
disease, and this we cannot too vig
orously attack and seek to eradicate.
"Let the spittin? habit be but once
stopped and let all sputum be prop
erly disposed o? where it can do no
harm and scientists all recognize
that in fifty years cr less tubercu
losis would be a rare disease."
How to Prevent Tuberculosis.
1. Destroy ali sputum.
2. Disinfect all houses where there
have been cases of tuberculosis. This
should be done under the supervision
of the Health authorities of the. town
3. Let the State see that all houses
are built in such a manner that the
inmates will have plenty of freiih air
4. Educate the people to the- nec
essity of properly ventilating their
sleeping rooms, stores, shops and
5. Dr. Lambeth say?:
"Let the public school add to its
curriculum a coarse on feeding the
human animal. Time could easily be
provided for this, moreover, a little
less study of the dead languages and
a little more study of the living man
would make it all the better for our
bodies and little worse for our edu
cation. Let the course include the
physiological importance of nutrition,
the nutritive values of all the avail
able foods, the economic value of sub
stance offered for sale as food, and
methods of preparing the cheaper
foods in a more palatable manner."
In other words: Pure air, proper
food and plenty of it; and the de
struction of all sputum will prevent
Tuberculosis Can be Cured.
1. An early diagnosis is essential
The patient-should know the truth.
The doctor should tell him the truth;
and no time should be lost in seek
ing wise and competent treatment.
2. Some cases can be successfully
treated at home. The best places sire
the hospitals, sanitariums, colonies,
resorts and dispensaries.
3. Medicine does not hold a very
large place in the treatment. It is
largely a matter of properly regu
lated living for the patient. Thc
physician should be the teacher; and
the patient the pupil in a school of
health. Implicit obedience on the
part of the pupil is the only hope.
Hundreds are being cured in this
, 4. The convention asks the State
to heh)-by providing a ""North Caro
lina . Training School for the Treat
ment and Prevention of Tuberculo
sis." The idea is to give a short
course of instruction to the patient
and then send him home and let
others come, till finally the good news
issproad all over the State.
What the State Should Do.
"I advocate that we request, the
State to furnish sufficient funds to
provide literature for circulation
among the people, in which will be
incorporated the instructions which
the people need. This literature
should be widely distributed, sent
into all homes, and be so written as
to be easily intelligible.
"I advocate the publication of a
book, of forty or fifty pages, cover
ing in brief, the subject of tubercu
losis, compiled so as to be easily in
telligible to the most ignorant read
er. Let it be attractively gotten up,
so as to be worthy of a place in the
library of our people.
. "The "State should provide the nec
essary funds for thc publication of
such a hook, and for the distribution
of it. It should provide for supple
menting the book with illustrated
lectures, to be delivered by compe
tent men.ail over the State.
"Thi6 book should be placed in the
schools; and teachers who have been
trained for the purpose, should be
selected to interpet it to the child
ren. The child has an irapression
abl? brain, and this needed instruc
tion would be sown in a fertile soil,
to bring forth, in a few years, an
abundant harvest of eood for the con
trol of this disease."
Explosion Killed 56 Men.
Veszprim. Hungary'. Special.-The
coal minc here Inst Thursday result
~ri ?bo' death of 50 men. Of 240
n^-: entombed IS? were taken out
A Monster of Learning.
The 'famous Cardinal Mezzofantl
knew an amazl?g number of languages
and dialects. Perhaps he is best
known, tp the modern English reader
from the eulogy to be found in one of
Byron's memoranda, published by
"Your literary everyday man and I,"
says Byron, "never went well in com
pany, especially your foreigner, whom
I never could abide. I don't remem
ber a man among them whom I ever
wished to see twice, except perhaps
Mezzofantl, who is a monster o? learn
ing, the Briareus cf part* of speech, a
walking polyglot and, more, who
ought to have existed at the time of
the tower of Babel as universal in
terpreter. He ls indeed a :narvel
unassuming also. I tried hin in all
the tongues of which I knew a single
oath (or adjuration to the gods against
postboys, savages, Tartars, boatmen,
sailors, pilots, gondoliers, iauleters,
camel drivers, vetturini, postmasters,
posthorses, post houses, post every
thing), and he astounded me, even to
my English.'"-Atlanta Constitution.
A henpecked husband, defines th?
Dallas News, ls ?ne woo ba? twins.
President Approves Report
of National Commission.
SENDS MESSAGE TO CONGRESS
Urges Measures to Conserve the ITat
terity-Should he Put in Effect
ural Resources as a Legacy to Pos
President Roosevelt, Friday trans
mitted to Congress the following
bearing on the conservation of our
I transmit herewith a report of the
national conservation commission, to
gether with the a companying papers.
This report, which is the outgrowth
of the conference of Governors la?t j
May, was unanimously approved by]
the recent joint conference held in
this city between thc national, con
servation commission and Governors
of the States, State conservation com
missions and conservation eoinmit
tees of great organizations of citi
zens. It is therefore in a peculiar
sense representative of the whole na
tion and all its parts.
The facts set forth in this report
constitute aa imperative call to act
ion. The situation they disclose de
mands that we, neglecting for a time,
if need be, smaller and .less vital
questions, shall concentrate an effec
tive part of our attention upon the
great material foundations of nation
al existence, progress and prosperity.
The progress of our knowledge o?
this country will continually lead to
more acurate information and better
use of the "sources of national
strength. It is not- necessary that
this knowledge should be exact in
every minute detail. It is essential
that it should correctly describe thc
general situation. The conservation
of our resources is the fundamental
question before this nation.
Our population is now adding about
one-fifth to its numbers in ten years.
Many millions more, must be fed and
clothed from the products of our soil.
With the steady growth iu population
and the still more rapid increase in
consumption our people will here
after make greater and not less de
mands per capita upon all the nat
ural resources for their livlihood.
comfort and convenience. 'It is high
time to realize that our responsibil
ity to the coming millions is like that
of parents to their children, and that
in wasting our resources we are
wronging our descendants.
Our rivers can and should be made
to serve our people effectively ?D
transportation, but the vast expen
ditures for our waterways have not
resulted in maintaining, much less in
f^omoting, inland navigation. There
fore, let us take immediate steps to
ascertain the reasons and to prepare
and adopt a comprehensive plan for
inland waterway navigation. Our
forests' are fast disappearing, and
less than one-fifth of them are being
conserved, and no good purpose can
be met by failing to provide the rela
tively small .sums needed for the pro
tection, uso, and improvement of all
forests still owned by the govern
ment. Let us enact laws to check
(he wasteful destruction of the for
ests in private lands. The American
people stand nearly as a unit for
waterway development and for forest
Mineral Resources Wasted.
Our mineral resources once ex
hausted are gone forever, and thc
needless waste of them costs us hun
dreds of human lives and nearly
$300,000,000 a year/ Therefore, let.
us undertake without delay the in
vestigations necessary before oui
people will be in position, through
State action or otherwise, to put an
end to this huge loss and waste, and
conserve both our mineral resource?
and the lives of the. men who take
them from the earth.
The conservation of our natural
resources is of first consideration. If
we of this generation destroy the re
sources from which our children
would otherwise derive their livli
hood, we reduce the capacity of our
land to support a population, and so
either degrade the standard of living
or deprive the coming generations of
their rights to life on this continent.
If we allow great industrial organ
iaztions to eexreise unregulated con
trol of the means of production and
the necessaries of life, we deprive
the Americans ef to-day and of the
future of industrial liberty, a right
no less precious and vital than poli
The administration which is just
drawing to av close, bas at least sedn
clarly the fundamental need of free
dom of opportunity for every citizen.
No man and no set of men should bc
allowed to play the game of competi
tion with loaded dice. The uncheck
ed existence of monopoly is incom
patible with equality of oportunity.
The reason for thc exercise of gov
ernment control over srreat monopo
lies is to equalize opportunity.
Accordingly, T urjre that the broad
plan for the development of our
waterways, recommended by the In
land Waterways Commission, be put
in effect without delay.
The work of waterways develop
ment should be undertaken without
delay. Meritorious projects in known
conformity with the general outline
of any comprehensive plan should
proceed at once. The cost of the
whole work should be met by direct
appropriation if possible, but if nec
essary by the issue of bonds in small
It is especially important that thc
development of water power shouM
be guarded with the utmost care both
by the national government and bv
the States in order to protect the peo
ple against the uperowth of monopoly
and to insure to them a fair share ir1
the benfits which will follow thc de
velopment of this great asset whic'
belongs to the people and should h
controlled by them.
I urge that provision be made for
both protection and more rapid de
velopment of the ' national forests.
Otherwise, either the increasing use
.f these forests by the people must be
checked or their protection against
fire must be dangerously weakened.
If we compare the actual damage on
similar areas on private and national
forest lands during the past year, .the
government fire patrol saved commer
cial timber worth as much as thc
total cost of caring for all national
forests at the presnt rate for about
The use of the public grazing lands
should be regulated in such ways as
to improve and conserve their value
Rights to the surface of the public
land should be separated from rights
to forects upon it and to minerals be
neath it, tnd these should be sub
ject to separate disposal. .
The coal, oil, gas and phosphate
rights still remaining with the gov
ernment should be withdrawn from
entry and leased under conditions fa
vorable for economic development.
The consumption of nearly all nf
our mineral products is increashing
more rapidly than our population.
Our mineral waste is about one-sixth
of our product, or nearly $1,000,000
for each working day in the year. The
loss of structural materials through
fire' is about another million a day.
The loss of life in. the mines is ap
palling. The larger part of these
losses can be avoided.
A part of the action of the joint
conference says: We also especially
urge on the Congress of the United
States the high desirablity of main
taining a national commission on the
conservation of tehreBources of the
country empowered to to-operate
with State commissions to . the end
that every sovereign Commonwealth
and every section of the country may
attain the high degree, of prosperity
and the sureness of perpetuity nat
urally arising in the aboundant re
sources and the vigor, intelligence,
and patriotism of our people.
In this recommendation I most
heartily concur, and I urge that an
appropriation of at least $50,000 be
made to cover the expenses of thc
national conservation commission for
necessary rent, assistance and trav
eling expenses. This is a very small
sum. I know of no other . way in
which the appropriation of so small
a sum would result in so large a bene
fit to the whole nation.
nALLS OP CONGRESS,
Senators Elkins and Hepburn spoke
against a change in the tarin!.sched
Services in memory of William
Piukney Whyte, of Maryland, were
'Mr. Foraker spoke on the use of
detectives in investigating the
Brownsville affair and Mr. Ledge re
Brigadier - General, Robert M.
O'Reilly, surgeon-general of the
army for seven years, was retired
with the rank of major-general.
President Roosevelt predicted a
great hydro-electric power monopoly
in vetoing a bil', providing for a dam
across the James River in Missouri.
In a special message to Congress
vetoing a bill to dam a river in Mis
souri President Roosevelt pointed out
the danger of a gigantic water power
Congressman Willett, of Far Rock
away, made a satirical speech "on the
passing of Roosevelt," but was denied
permission to finish it by the House
when he referred to the ''persistent
defamation of Admiral Schley" by the
Senator Tillman .made an impas
sioned speech in which he criticised
Attorney-General Bonaparte ?ndPost
mascer-General Meyer, characterizing
them as "unscrupulous," and de
manded an investigation of the Presi
dent's Oregon land deal charges.
Mr. Rayner, of Maryland, intro
duced in the Senate a resolution call
ing on the Attorney-General-for in
formation concerning tho proceedings
taken against certain newspapers,
whether suit had been brought by or
der of the President, under what stai
rfte and by what power and authority
the courts are being used. ,
The receipts from baseball at La
fayette College last season were
Clark Griffith Is credited with a de
Blre to secure Jake Stahl to play first
base for the Cincinnati Reds.
The Massachusetts Institute of
Technology is one of the leading in
stitutions of the country ia minor
The season's largest basketball i
score is that of the N. Y. TJ.-St.
Stephen game, won by the former,
80 to 6.
Professor Lowell, president-to-be of
Harvard, once was a distance runner.
He i? said to be in favor of intercol
Harvard's general improvement in
sports is chargeable greatly to the
work of William F. Gracelon, grad
uate manager of athletics at the uni- .
There are thirty-six men in train- i
lng for the Wisconsin varsity crew,
and'pretty nearly'every man of them
has had some previous rowing ex
Stanford's rugby football players }
likely will get a match with the Wal
labies, the crack Australian fifteen, 1
who played many successful matches i
In Great Britain. j
Charles R. King Pittintrer, the fa- ,
mous pitcher of the Phillies several (
years ago. died at Carlisle. Pa. Pit- i
tlnger had been suffering from tuber
culosis for over a year.
Followers of boxing in the State of
Maine will try to have the present
aw, which permit's of six round bouts,
amended so that twelve round con- 1
tests can be held in reputable athletic ,
The heaviest man who reported for
the Yale freshman crew weighs 186
pounds. The lightest, outside of can- .
ildates for coxswain,, weighs 125 J
pounds. The youngest ls IC.6 years j
ind the oldest twenty-three years old. j
THE TOURIST'S WAY. j
Guide-Want a guide Show you j
everything you ought to see in Paris. ,
Tourist--No, thanks; I'd rather seo (
tho thlnga I oughtn't to see.-Life
White Star Liner Republic and
and Uoyd Liner Florida
WEET OFF NANTUCKET ISLAND
Republic Goes to Bottom After Un
loading Her 781 Passengers and
Crew-Greatest Feat in History of
Wireless Telegraphy - Four Aro
New York, Special.-Grave anxiety
pervailed here Saturday and Satur
day night as the result of the thril
ling maritime drama being enacted
off Nantucket on the"coast Of New
England, following the ramming
early Saturday of the big White Star
liner Republic with 761 souls
aboard, by the steamer Florida, of
the Lloyd-Italian line. The wireless
telegraph played an important part
in the grave incidents happending at
sea, far from the shore, and proved
its utility as it has never done before.
. Bit by bit it told the tale, first an
nouncing the news of the collision
and the plight of the liner, which
news came direct from the injured
ship itself. Then it told of the res
cue of the Republic's passengers, the
condition from time to time of thc
sinking ship and finally summoned
from the adjacent seas the White
Star line Baltic, the French steamer
La Lorraine, the Curnader Lucania
and the revenue cutters Achushnet
At 8 o'clock p. m. the wireless
brought reassuring news from Cap
tain Ransom, of the steamer Baltic.
He said - that the Republic was still
afloat; that the Florida, with her
own people and most of those from
the Republic aboard, close to 2,000
souls in all, was nearby and that the
Baltic was near the scene, standing
by ready to lend aid. The steamers
La Lorraine and Lucania, Captain
Ransom said, were also in the vicinity
and the Republic through her wire
less outfit, was directing the move
ments of the snipe of rescue.
Until an early hour Sunday it was
believed the crashinsr together of the
two big ships had not resulted in
death of injury to a single passen
ger or member of the crews. Shortly
after midnight, however, the wireless
telegraph flashed the news that two
passengers on the Republic had beer;
killed and two others injured. Late
in the day another wireless message
told of four deaths on board the
Flori ?la, either of members - of the
crew or steerage passengers.
It is apparent that the Florida
must have been between 30 or "40
?iles OJ? her course in being any
where near the Rapublic. as the east
bound and westbound steamer lanes
here are that distance apart.
The collision, being amidship, al
most immediately flooded the engine
room of the Republic and of course
reudered her absolu' ;'y helpless.
Fortunately, her wireless equipment
was well supplied with storage bat
teries and three were used for more
than six hours, until they gradually
became exhausted. After that, re
course to signalling by means of sub
marine bells was adopted.
In the middle of the forenoon the
transfer of passengers to the Florida
was made, and although the fog was
very dense, unusually calm weather
for this season of the year in tho
North Atlantic enabled the transfer
to be made without accident. By
noon the Baltic and LaLorraine weiv
close to the scene of collision, but
owing to the dense fog, were unable
to locate the Republic, although the
submarine bells could be heard fre
The prompt closing of thc Repub
lic's water-tierht compartments which
ke"t her afloat and undoubtedly
saved the lives of many of those o*
board. In the afternoon it was learn*
cd from the Baltic that these com
partments were still holding the ves
sel above water, but that the bulk
heads and compartment door? wer?
under a fearful strain and likely to
give way at any moment.
A dispatch at 8:30 Sunday night
said: "Republic gone down. No om
aboard. All crew safe on revenui
An hour later another wirele*
message was received stating that th*
revenue cutter Gresham, with the
Republic crew on board was pro
ceeding to Gayhead.
The Republic's passengers found
300 returning Italians, many of thea
survivors of the earthquake, on board1
the Florida, which left Naples o?
Lincoln's Native County Votes Dry.
Hodgonville, Ky., Special.-In a
kcal option election Lanie county, in
'.v?lich Abraham Lincoln was born
ii early 100 years ago, voted "dry"
by a mrjo.ity of 1,0S5, the vote be
inb more than 4 to 1 against license.
Would Not Increase Pension.
Washington, Special. - A motion
by Representative Olcott, of New
Fork, to increase the pension of Julia
8. Coughlan, widow of Rear Ad
miral Coughlan, United States navy,
from $50 a month as provided for in
i pension bill, to $100 a month creat
ed a lively interest in the House of
Representatives. After a vigorous
lebate the amendment was lost by a
rote of 42 to 103.
Suicides ip Church.
Savannah, Ga,, Special.-In a pos
ture of prayer in St. Patrick's church
aere and with a bullet hole through
tho temple the dead body of Otto
Schueitzer, of Philadelphia, was
found Friday several hours nfter the
fatal shot was fired. Two notes were
found, one bequeathing $1 for "St.
Anthony's bread" and another ex
pressing regret that he "had permit
ed himself to have any ill-feeling."
Schuenitxer had been here but a day,
roaching the city aboard a steamer
DOINGS OF CONGRESS
Summary of Important Proceeding!
Enacted From Day to Day.
The urgent deficiency bill which
carries appropriations amounting tc
$1,026,402, was passed after aa
amendment providing for an appro
priation of $30,000 for- further dis
tribution of seeds by the Department
Representative Foss, of Illinois.,
chairman of the House cimmittee on
naval affairs, brought up the naval
appropriation bill which probably will
occupy the attention of the House
for a day or two. Thc bill carries an
appropriation of $135,662,888. A
message from the President recom
mending an appropriation of $20,000
for a commission to investigate the
conditions in the republic uf Liberia,
Africa, was read.
The Brownsville affair was again
before the Senate Wednesday. Sena
tor Frazier, of Tennessee, speaking
in opposition to the passage of any
measure for the re-enlistment of the
discharged s ddiers of the Twenty
fifth Regiment. He insisted that the
j guilt of some men of the regiment
had been established beyond any
doubt, although the individuals who
had committed the crime had not
Mr. Foraker announced that he
would move next Monday to take up
his bill to reinstate the soldiers un
less an agreement on a time to vote
for the measure is made sooner.
The legislative, executive and ju
dicial appropriation bill also was un
Senator Frazier's > remarks were
of especial interest as he was
a member of the committee on
military affairs which investigated
th# Browns%rille incident, his views
being those of a Southerner who had
an intimate knowledge of the negro
After adopting without opposition
a resolution by which Governor
George F. Lilley, of Connecticut,
ceases, to be a member of Congress
the House procede** with the naval
appropriation bill. There were few
amendments offered to the measure,
the items ? under consideration being
those of maintenance and improve
ments to navy, yards, stations ?nd
other public works of the navy.
A debate on the propriety of in
creasing salaries of Federal circuit
and district judges consumed nearly
Ehe entire time of the Senate Thurs
day with the result that the compen
sation of the 29 circuit judges was
incre^se? from $7,000 to $9,000 and
that of the 84 district judges from
$6,000 to $S,000.
Senator Borah who had offered
amendments regarding the increase
of salary recommended by the com
mittee on appropriations declared
that the action of the Senate in in
creasing the salary of the President
to $100,000 was in violation of the
spirit of the constitution and would
never have been taken before or du:
ing the recent political campaign.
Senator Tillman insinuated that
some Federal judges were on the pay
rolls of corporations, which called
forth denunciation that such charges
should not be made without specifical
ly naming the judge referred to.
Strictures upon the efficiency of
officers of the navy in the care of
machinery of war vessels were utter
ed in 'the House of Representatives
Thursday during the consideration
of the naval appropriation bill, with
the result that an amendment was
adopted requiring the Secretary of
the Navy to annually report to Con
gress those instances where more
than $200.00 is expended for repairs.
After futile efforts had been made
to obtain legislation looking to the
restoration of marines aboard ship,
pers, an amendment was agreed to
prohibiting the purchase of powder
"manufactured and sold in violation
of" the Sherman anti-trust law. The
debate disclosed the fact that the
amendment was directed , at the Du
Pont Company. An amendment also
was adopted appropriating $250,000
for the purpose of doubling the gov
evnment's output of powder other
than for small arms at C4 cents per
The bill was still pending when the
In the Senate Friday, February
12th next was declared to be a spec
ial legal holiday and .a survey and
plans for a highway from Washing
ton to Gettysburg to be known as
"The Lincoln Way" as a memorial
to Abraham Lincoln, was provided
for by a joint (resolution passed by
the sente after a nextended debate.
Final action was also taken on the
legislative, executive and judicial ap
propriation bill, the Senate refusing
to fix at $75,000 the salary of the
President, previously increased by an
amendment to $100,00.
Thc House adopted exactly as re
ported by committee, the naval pro
gramme for the fiscal year 1910, and
the naval appropriation bill was pass
ed. The oponents of the navy in
crease feature found themselves in a
hopeless minority. The only vital al
teration made in the measure was the
striking out of the provision restor
ing marines to naval vessels. Thc
aggreeate amount appropriated by
tho bill is $135.000.000.
The increase in the. naval estimate
gave rise to extended and heated de
bate, in which members were afforded
an opportunity to air their views on
the Japanese question. The peace ad
vocates were much in evidence in op
position to Kuch increase, while thc
adherent? ol the proposition weic
olive at all timos *o evry move made
!o cut down thc number of vessels
A motion by Representative Olcott
of New York to increase the pension
of Julia B. Coghlan, widow of Rear
Admiral Coghlan, U. S. ?., from $50
a month, a? provided in a pension,
bill, to $100 a month, created a lively
interest in the house of representa
tives Saturday. After a vigorous
debate the amendment was lost by a
vote of "42 to 103. I
Strong opposition to the increase
was made on the ground that there
was nothing unusual in the case to
demand this special increase.
m ITO ? nm
Items of Interest Gathered By
Wire and Ca?ble
GLEANINGS FROM DAY TO DAY
Live Items Covering Brents of Mora
or Less Interest at Home and
General Miles, who has just re
turned from Europe, spoke of 90-mile
rides, like that taken by the Presi
dent ,as nothing and said he could
duplicate the feat at his age.
. The famous Spring Hill College,
one of the oldest Jesuit colleges iu
the Southern States, and well known
even in Europe, was destroyed by fire
John D. Rockefeller has given an
other $1,000,000 to the University
of Chicago. Mr. Rockefeller's total
contributions to the university ag,
gregates $24,S00,0O0 for endowment
and other purposes.
The Brookside Worsted Mills;
North Chelmsford, Massachusetts,
were burned on Wednesday, loss
The cotton crop for 1908 is now
estimated at 12,759,000 bales.
Suit was begun at Nashville, Tenn.,
on Wednesd?y, against Duncan B"
Cooper and son, Robin, and ex
sheriff, John D. Sharp, for the kill
ing of U. S. Senator E. W. Carmack.
P. j. Keiran, of the New York
Fidelity Co., who has bee:a in hiding
under charge of embezzlement, has
surrendered to the law officers.
Ex-Secretary Elihu Root has been
?amed by Republican caucus to suc
ceed Senator Platt of New York,
whoso term expires with this con
At Hope, Ark., an 18-year-old
Negro has been lynched for speaking
insultingly to a lady saleswoman in.
Boston had an $800,000 fire Sun
day, including $750,000 worth of
Another Night Rider, Ed. Marshall
is to be tried at Union City, Tenn.,,
$55,000 wo.th of Guilford, N. Gr
5 per cent road bonds were sold
Monday for $60,537.40.
Blood hounds effected tte capture
of a Negro who attempted foul as^
sault on Mi's. W. J. Mcleod, near *
Clinton on lost Wednesday.
The Federal grand jury has found
a bill for peonage against Joshua W.
Ashley, a member of the legislature
from Anderson county .
Judge Jones designated February
19th as the day for hanging the sis
Night Ridei-s convicted of murder ra
the first degree in the case of the
slaying of Capt. Rankin.
Abbott L. Lowell has been named
the successor to Charles W. Eliott
as president of Cambridge Univer
The Government was sustained by
the Supreme Court in the $1,623,900
fine against the Waters-Pierce Oil
Company of Texas.
The Chicago and Alton Railway
has filed an appeal in the adverse
$60.000 rebate fine case.
Two local option bills were intro
duced in the West Virginia Legisla
George L. Lilley, who wail elected
Governor of Connecticut, did not re
sign as member of the lower House
of Congress. He was declared, Wed
nesday, no longer a member of that
Mr. Willett, of New York, made a
bitter attack Tuesday on the Presi
dent, but the House stoppet! him
Senator Bailey discussed the pro
posed increase of pay for the Presi
dent and others, criticising Mr.
Roosevelt's allowances of expenses.
President Roosevelt asks the gov
ernment of California to consider his
reasons, now on the way, before en
acting bill pending that is unfavor
able to Japanese citizenship .
Mr. Rayner started a Senate i*t
quiry into the libel suits against sev
eral newspapers. C. P. Taft arrived
in Washington to testify.
Ex-Queen Lillioukaluni is still
pressing her claims before the House
committee. She is willing to accept
$250,000 for her claim on Hawaii.
Earthquake shocks are still re?
ported from Messina and fires break
out. Snow and rain cause great suf
A disastriou? fire swept par's ol
'the afflicted c;ty of Messina on Tues
Gen. Jose Miguel Gomez was of.
ficially proclaimed president of Cuba
Vice Consul Stuart K. Lupton is
to succeed Consul Cheney at Messina
Admiral Rojcnstvensky, the couv
mander of the Russian fleet which
the Japanese destroyed, is dead.
Vice Consul Stuart K. Lupton no*
estimates the fatalities of the Mes?
sina earthquake at 90,000.
For the first time in years tht
births in France exceed the deaths.
The bodies of American Consul A
S. Cheney and wife have been found
in the ruin? of Messina.
Castro, the deposed president ol
Venezuclr, says he purposes to re
turn to his country as a private citi
zen. He will make no effort at revo
luction, but will be on hand if wanted
A Mersilles cable of Saturday sayi
the Rhode Island crept into harboi
and fired a salute of 2 Oguns.
Eight persons were killed by at
earthquake at Phoncaea, Turkey, OB
A man 14 days in the wreck at
Messina was found and rcsusciatec
He saw his family perish.
Turkey has accepted thc $10,800,
000 offered by Austria for annexed
territory and there ii io bc no war.
England has afloat a fleet cl
Dreadnoughts as a hu? of defens?