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Convention Heid In Charlotte
Organize for Extermination
FLAN A VIGOROUS WARFARE
.Assembled to Make War on the Great
Whit? Plague,-Tuberculosis', its
Prevalence, Costliness and Fatality
-Remedies Pointed Out.
At 10 o'clock Tuesday morning in
the Selwyn Hotel in Charlotte, the
INorth Carolina Convenci?n for the
'^Prevention of Tuberculosis, assembl
ed. After the preliminaries were
.done in due form the doctors plung
ed into their subject with great earn
estness and zeal. Space will per
dait of only the gist of the arguments
in favor of a vigorous warfare
against the "great white plauge."
Dr. J. P. Monroe said Tuberculosis
is the greatest enemy ,of modern peo
ple arid that it must be exterminated.
He held out hope to the afflicted that
cures are possible.
Dr. Harper said that, it is esti
mated that tuberculosis fatalities ex
ceed those of war, famine, plague
cholrea, yellow fever and small-pox,
It was set forth that even in our
ov?n nation 553 people die daily of
the disease and that- North Carolina
shares only too fully in the propor
Its courses are understood to be,
hereditary tendency, lack of suffici
ent clothing, living in infected'houses
j(which should be disinfected) lack of
"ventilation, lack of cleanliness, un
sanitary invironment, 'lack of
proper . food. etc., which can
be summed up in the term, Ignorance
. on the part of the people as to the
nature of the disease and the means
of prevention and cure of it.
Poverty was given as a cause and
a result of the malady.
The cost of thc dread disease as
brought out is an eye opener. .WlioD
is considered what is the average
earning capacity of victims, ' together
with costs of ti-eatmeht while linger
ing, an' average estimate of $3,000
each is placed. Probably 200,000
people die in the United States every
year; of this malady. Thus $1,600,
000,000 worth of productive energy
ie cut off frcm our nation every year.
'"The. remedies advocated so. unani
mously and forcibly are popular edu
cation on the subject, means of 'treat
ment of patients and power to en
force laws-of health.
To educate the people Dr. Williams
advocated a small, well bound, neat
book of about 50 pages, composed
in readable, attractive style, also a
?maller printed pamphlet as well as
?*c*tfeer forms o_lt literature. These
flioul??^be^gotien up by 'the legisla
ture and distributed by county co
operation. These books should be
ttj-ght in the schools, the teacher
having had suitable training, and
also frequent lectures should be de
livered in the schools on the subject.
Hospitals, sanitariums and colonies
Mern to be the means of treatment
for infected. These, it was set forth,
should be maintained partly at least
by taxation in order that no one
would wait too long to apply for
help through a feeling of dependency
but could claim it as a right.
To any objection on ?he score of
costliness is rebutted the immense
Joss now sustained by the ravages of
A city like Wilmington it was es
timated, would have about 80 deaths
! a" year. The cost of the sickness and
(death, together with the earnings of
?these persons in normal condition
and average life being about $8,000
would bring the city's loss up to
$640,000 annually. It is estimated
too, that in a hospital or sanitarium
rt a cost of $175, the average life
"tho afflicted would be^lengthened
>y ten years.
It is a recognized fact that there
';hose who would not submit to
iws of safety, to their fellow men
leh as burning all sputum and 'tak
treatment where such could ef
fectually, benefit them and be a
leans of safety to others. In such
BS law and its proper execution
thought a necessary expedient.
Among contributors of papers, etc.,
rere Dr. I. W. Faison, Charlotte; Dr.
E. Brooks, of Aberdeen; Dr. Wil-.
M. Jones, of High Point; Dr.
Westry Battle. U. S. N., Dr. W. J.
[cAnnally, of High Point; Dr. A.
Crowell, of Charlotte; Dr. James
Burroughs,, of Asheville; Dr.
mrles T. Harper, of Wilmington;
)lt John Roy Williams, of Greens
Dr. W. N. Lambeth, of the
miversity of Virginia; Dr. CharleB
Minor, and Dr. Paul "Paquin, of
.What the Convention Was.
It xras not"'"a "dDefors''<o*nve?itio?.
doctors were the leaders and.
tehers, but the membership of the
klNorta Carolina Society for the Pre
vention of Tuberculosis'' is made up
fjfill the citizens in the State who
_jt to see the extermination of Tu
berculosis and will band themselves
^?ther and give a little time and
_Sney to carry on the war. The
aembeiship fe? is $100 per year and
very citizen of the State should be
Dtled. Send your name and gift
Dr. C. A. Julian, ThomasviTIe,
,. Pour Articles In Its Creed.
i. Tuberculosis is our greatest
% Tuberculosis can be prevented.
3. Tuberculosis can be cured.
4. Tuberculosis must be extenni
How People Get Tuberculosis.
|Dr. Minor: "Wc know that prac
Ally thc oulv danger of infection
H?es from rhe expectoriation of
suffering from pulmonary tuber
culosis. in their sputum is found the
germ in larg? numbers and when
dried, reduced to dust, and blown
?round, it can under favorable con
ditions (but not easily, it is ture, for
it with'difficulty can infect man) pro
duce tho disease in those fn whom it
succeeds in getting firm lodgment.
"Street spitting we cannot hope
for a long time if ever to stop, but
if we can only teach that to spit
on a sidewalk, ?ind not into t ie road
way, is improper, we must and prob
ably can trust our good friend I ne
Sun to continue at the old stand un
doing, out doors at least, the bad
effects of man's carelessness.
"It is indoor spitting that is dan
gerous and which chiefly spreads the
disease, and this we cannot too vig
orously attack and seek to eradicate.
"Let the spitting: habit be but once
stopped and let all sputum be prop
erly disposed of where it can do no
harm and scientists al^ recognize
that in fifty years or less tubercu
losis would be a rare disease."
How to Prevent Tuberculosis.
1. Destroy all sputum.
2. Disinfect all houses where there
have been cases of tuberculosis. This
should be done under the supervision
of the Health authorities of the-town
3. Let the State see that all houses
are built in such a manner that the
inmates will have plenty of fresh air
4. Educate the people to the nec
essity of properly ventilating their
sleeping rooms, stores, shops and
5. Dr. Lambeth says:
"Let the public school add to its
curriculum a coarse on feeding the
human animal. Time could easily be
provided for thia, moreover, a little
less study of the dead languages and
a little more study of the living man
would make it all the better for our
bodies and little worse for our edu
cation. Let the course include the
physiological importance of nutrition,
the nutritive values of all the avail
able foods, the economic value of sub
stance offered for sale as food, end
methods of preparing the cheaper
foods in a more palatable manner."
In other words: Pure air, proper
food and plenty of it; and the de
struction of all sputum will prevent
Tuberculosis Gan be Cured.
1. An early diagnosis is essential
The patient"should know the truth.
Tho doctor should ?tell him the truth;
and no time should be lost in seek
ing wise and competent treatment.
2. Some cases can be successfully
treated at home. The best places ure
the hospitals, sanitariums, colonies,
resorts and dispensaries.
3. Medicine does not hold a very
large place in the treatment. It is
largely a matter of properly regu
lated living for the patient. Thc
physician should be the teacher! and
the patient the pupil in a school of
health. Implicit obedience on the
part of the pupil is the only hope.
Hundreds are being cured in this
4. The convention asks the State
to help by providing a "North Caro
lina Training- School for the Treat
ment and Prevention of Tuberculo
sis." The idea is to give a short
course of instruction to the patient
and then send him home and let
others come, till finally the good news
is .spread all over the State.
What the State Should Do.
'"I advocate that we request the
State to furnish sufficient funds to
provide literature for' circula tiou
among thc people, in which will be
incorporated the instructions which
the people peed. This literature
should be widely distributed, sent
into all homes, and be so written as
to bo easily intelligible.
"I advocate the publication of a
book, of forty or fifty pages, cover
ing in brief, the subject of tubercu
losis, compiled so as to be easily in
telligible to the most ignorant read
er. Let it be attractively gotten up,
so as to be worthy of a place in the
library of our people.
"The "State should provide the nec
essary funds for thc publication of
such a book, and for the distribution
of it. It should provide for supple
menting the book with illustrated
lectures, to be delivered by compe
tent men.all over the State.
"This book should be placed in the
schools; and teachers who have been
trained for the purpose, should be
selected to interpet it to the child
ren. The child has an impression
able brain, and this needed instruc
tion would be sown in a fertile soil,
to bring forth, in a few years, an
abundant harvest of eood for the con
trol of this disease."
Explosion Killed 56 Men.
Vesrprim. Hungary'. Special.-The
coal minc here last Thursday result
ed in tho death of 50 men. Of 240
men ffatoir.b'.H? IS4 were taken out
A Monster of Learning.
The .famous Cardinal Mezzofantl
knew an amazing number of languages
and dialects. Perhaps he is best
known.to the .modern English reader
from the eulogy to be found in one ot
Byron's memoranda, published by
"Your literary every dar man and I,"
says Byron, "never went well in com
pany, especially your foreigner, whom
I never could abide. I don't remem
ber a man among them whom I ever
wished to see twice, except perhaps
Mezzofanti, who is a monster of learn
ing, the Briareu3 ci parti of speech, a
walking polyglot and, more, who
ought to have existed at the time of
the tower of Babel as universal in
terpreter. He is indeed a marvel
unassuming also. I tried him in all
the tongues of which I knew a single
oath (or adjuration to the gods against
postboys, savages, Tartars, boatmen,
sailors, pilots, gondoliers, muleters,
camel drivers, vetturini, postmasters,
posthorses, post houses, post every
thing), and he astounded me, even to
my English."-Atlanta Constitution.
A henpecked husband, defines th?
Dallas News, ls ono who Sits twins.
President Approves Report
of National Commission.
SENDS MESSAGE TO CONGRESS
Urges Measures to Conserve the ITat
. terity- Should he Put in Effect
ural Resources as a Legacy to Pos
President Roosevelt, Friday trans
mitted to Congress the following
bearing on the conservation of our
I transmit herewith a report of the
national conservation commission, to
gether with the acompanying papers.
This report, which is the outgrowth
of the conference of Governors ladt j
May. was unanimously approved by!
the recent joint conference held in
this city between tho national,con
servation commission and Governors
of the States, State conservation com
missions and conservation commit
tees of great organizations of citi
zens. It is therefore in a peculiar
sense representative of the whole na
tion and all its parts.
The facts set forth in this report
constitute an imperative call to act
ion. The situation they disclose de
mands that we, neglecting for a time,
if need be, smaller and .less vital
questions, shall concentrate an effec
tive part of our attention upon the
great material foundations of nation
al existence, progress and prosperity.
The progress of our knowledge o?
this country will continually lead tc
more acurate information and better
use of the ^sources of national
strength. It is not- necessary that
this knowledge should be exact in
every minute detail. It is essential
that it should correctly describe thc
general situation. The conservation
of our resources is the fundamental
question before this nation.
Our population is now adding about
one-fifth to its numbers in ten years.
Many millions more, must be fed and
clothed from the products of our soil.
With the steady growth in population
and the still more rapid increase in
consumption our people will here
after make greater and not less de
mands per capita upon all the nat
ural resources for their Iivlihood,
comfort and convenience. 'It is high
time to realize that our responsibil
ity to the coming millions is like that
of parents to their children, and that
in wasting our resources we are
wronging our descendants.
Our rivers can and should be made
to serve our people effectively in
transportation, but the vast expen
ditures for our waterways have not
resulted in maintaining, much less in
promoting, inland navigation. There
fore, let us take immediate steps to
ascertain the reasons and to prepare
and adopt a comprehensive plan for
inland waterway navigation. Our
forests' are fast disappearing, and
less than one-fifth of them are being
conserved, and no good purpose can
be met by failing to provide the rela
tively small .sums needed for the pro
tection, uso, and improvement of all
forests still owned by the govern
ment. Let us enact laws to checli
the wasteful destruction of the for
ests in private lands. The American
people stand nearly as a unit for
waterway development and for forest
Mineral Resources Wasted.
Our mineral resources once ex
hausted are gone forever, and the
needless waste of them costs us hun
dreds of human lives and nearly
.$300,000,000 a yean Therefore, 1st.
us undertake without delay the in
vestigations necessary before our
people will be in position, through
State action or otherwise, to put an
end to this huge loss and waste, and
conserve both our mineral resources
and the lives of the men who take
them from the earth.
The conservation of our natural
resources is of first consideration. Ii
we of this generation destroy the re
sources from which our children
would otherwise derive their Iivli
hood, we reduce the capacity of our
land to support a population, and so
either degrade the standard of living
or deprive the coming generations of
their rights to life on this continent.
If we allow great industrial organ
iaztions to eexreise unregulated con
trol of the means of production and
the necessaries of life, Te deprive
the Americans of to-day and of the
future of industrial liberty, a right
no less precious and vital than poli
The administration which is just
drawing to ancl?se, bas at least seen
clar'y the fundamental need of free
dom of opportunity for every citizen.
No man and no set of men should bc
allowed to play the game of competi
tion with loaded dice. The uncheck
ed existence of monopoly is incom
patible with equality of oportunity.
The Teason fer thc exercise of gov
ernment control over irreat monopo
lies is to equalize opportunity.
Accordingly, T urjra that the broad
plan for the development of our
waterways, recommended by the In
land Waterways Commission, be put
in effect without delay.
The work of waterways develop
ment should be undertaken withoul
delay. Meritorious projects in known
conformity with the jreneral outline1
?f any comprehensive plan should
proceed at once. The cost of the
whole work should be met by direct
appropriation if possible, but if nec
essary by the issue of bonds in small
It is especially important that thc
development of water power should
be guarded with the utmost care both
by the national government and bv
the States in order to protect the peo
ple against the upsrrowth of monopoly
and to insure to them a fair share ir'
the benfits which will follow thc dc
velopment of this great asset whic'
belongs to the people and should lr
controlled by them.
I urge that provision be made for
both protection and more rapid de
velopment of the ' national forests.
Otherwise, either the increasing use
of these forest?: by the people must be
checked or their protection against
fire must be dangerously weakened.
If we compare the actual damage on
similar areas on private and national
forest lands during the past year, .the
government fire patrol saved commer
cial timber worth as much as thc
total cost of caring for all national
forests at the presnt rate for about
The use of the public grazing lands
should be regulated in such ways as
to improve and conserve their value.
Rights to the surface of the public
land should be separated from rights
to forects upon it and to minerals be
neath it, tnd these should be sub
ject to separate disposal.
The coal, oil, gas and phosphate
rights still remaining with the gov
ernment should be withdrawn from
entry and leased under conditions fa
vorable for economic development.
The consumption of nearly all of
our mineral products is increashipg
more rapidly than our population.
Our mineral waste is about one-sixth
of our product, or nearly $1,000,000
for each working day in the year. The
loss of structural materials through
fire is about another million a day.
The loss of life in the mines is ap
palling. The larger part of these
losses can be avoided.
A part of the action of the joint
conference says: We also especially
urge on the Congress of the United
States the high desirablity of main
taining a national commission on the
conservation of tehresources of the
country empowered to ao-operate
with State commissions to . the end
that every sovereign Commonwealth
and every section of the country may
attain the high degree, of prosperity
and the sureness of parp,etuity nat
urally arising in the aboundant re
sources and the vigor, intelligence,
and patriotism of our people.
In this recommendation t? I most
heartily concur, and I urge that an
appropriation of at least $50,000 be
made to cover the expenses of thc
national conservation commission for
necessary rent, assistance and trav
eling expenses. This is a very small
sum. I know of no other ? way in
which the appropriation of so small
a sum would result in so large a bene
fit to the whole nation.
HALLS OF CONGRESS,
Senators Elkins and Hepburn spoke
against a change in the tarin!.sched
Services in memory of William
Piukney Whyte, of Maryland, were
Mr. Foraker spoke on the use of
detectives in investigating the
Brownsville affair and Mr. Ledge re
Brigadier - General Robert M.
O'Reilly, surgeon-general of. the
army for seven years, was retired
with the rank of major-general.
President Roosevelt predicted a
great hydro-electric power monopoly
in vetoing a biii providing for a dam
across the James River in Missouri.
In a special message to Congress
vetoing a bill to dam a river in Mis
souri President Roosevelt pointed out
the danger of a gigantic water power
Congressman Willett, of Far Rock
away, made a satirical speech "on the
passing of Roosevelt," but was denied
permission to finish it by the House
when he referred to the '"persistent
defamation of Admiral Schley" by the
Senator Tillman .made an' impas
sioned speech in which he criticised
Attorney-General Bonaparte and Post
master-General Meyer, characterizing
them as "unscrupulous," and de
manded an investigation of the Presi
dent's Oregon land deal charges.
Mr. Rayner, of Maryland, intro
duced in the Senate a resolution call
ing on the Attorney-General for in
formation concerning the proceedings
taken against certain newspapers,
whether suit had been brought by or
der of the President, under what stai
ttie and hy what power and authority
the courts are being used. ,
The receipts from baseball at La
fayette College last season were
Clark Griffith is credited with a de
sire to secure Jake Stahl to play first
base for the Cincinnati Reds.
The Massachusetts Institute ot
Technology is one of the leading in
stitutions of the country ia minor
The season's largest basketball
score is that of the N. Y. U.-St,
Stephen game, won by the former,
80 to 6.
Professor Lowell, president-to-be of
Harvard, once was a distance runner.
He is said to be in favor of intercol
Harvard's general improvement in
sports is chargeable greatly to the
work of William F. Gracelon, grad
uate manager of athletics at the uni
There are thirty-six men in train
ing for the Wisconsin varsity crew,
andpretty nearly'every man of them
has had some previous rowinc ex
Stanford's rugby football players
likely will get a match with the Wal
labies, the crack Australian fifteen,
who played many successful matches
in Great Britain.
Charles R. Kins: PlUinrer, the fa
mous pitcher of the Phillies several
years ago. died at Carlisle. Pa. Pit
tlnger had been suffering from tuber
culosis for over a year.
Followprs of boxing in the State ot
Maine will try to have the present
law, which permits of six round bouts,
amended so that twelve round con
tests can be held in reputable athletic
The heaviest man who reported for
the Yale freshman crew weighs 186
pounds. The lightest, outside of can
didates for coxswain,, weighs 125
pounds. The youngest is IC.6 years
and the oldest twenty-three years old,
THE TOURIST'S WAY.
Guide-Want a guide Show you
everything you ought to see In Paris.
Tourist-No, thanks; I'd rather seo
the things I oughtn't to see.-Lita
White Star Liner Republic and
and Lloyd Liner Florida
MEET OFF NANTUCKET ISLAND
Republic Goes to Bottom After Un
loading Her 781 Passengers and
Crew-Greatest Feat in History of
Wireless Telegraphy - Four Are
New York, Special.-GraVe anxiety
pervailed here Saturday and Satur
day night as the result of the thril
ling maritime drama being enacted
off Nantucket on the "coast Of New
England, following the ramming
early Saturday of the big White Star
liner Republic with 761 souls
aboard, by the steamer Florida, of
the Lloyd-Italian line. The wireless
telegraph played an important part
in the grave incidents happending at
sea, far from the shore, and proved
its utility as it has never done Defore.
. Bit by bit it told the tale, first an
nouncing the news of the collision
and the plight of the liner, which
news came direct from the injured
ship itself. Then it told of the res
cue of the Republic's passengers, the
condition from time to time of thc
sinking ship and finally summoned
from the adjacent seas the White
Star line Baltic, the French steamer
La Lorraine, the Curnader Lucania
and the revenue cutters Achushnet
At 8 o'clock p. m. the wireless
brought reassuring news from Cap
tain Ransom, of the steamer Baltic.
He said that the Republic was still
afloat; that the Florida, with her
own people and most of those from
the Republic aboard, close to 2,000
souls in all, was nearby and that the
Baltic was near the scene, standing
by ready to lend aid. The steamers
La Lorraine and Lucania, Captain
Ransom said, were also in the vicinity
and the Republic through her wire
less outfit, was directing the move
ments of the shipe of rescue.
Until an early hour Sunday it was
believed the crashiner together of the
two big ships had not resulted in
death of injury to a single passen
ger or member of the crews. Shortly
after midnight, however, the wireless
telegraph flashed the news that two
passengers on the Republic had beer,
killed and two others injured. Late
in the day another wireless message
told of four deaths on board the
Florida, either of members - of the
crew or steerage passengers.
It is apparent that the Florida
must have been between 30 or '40
wiles ofi her course in being any
where near the Rapublic. as the east
bound and westbound steamer lanes
here are that distance apart.
The collision, being amidship, al
most immediately flooded the engine
room of the Republic and of course
rendered her absolu' :Ty helpless. ,
Fortunately, her wireless equipment j
was well supplied with storage bat- j
terics and three were used for more ,
than six hours, until they gradually |
became exhausted. After that, re
course to signalling by means of sub- ,
marine bells was adopted. ?
In the middle of the forenoon the ,
transfer of passengers to the Florida i
was made, and although the fog was (
very dense, unusually calm weather j
for this season of the year in the ,
North Atlantic enabled the transfer |
to be made without accident. By j
noon the Baltic and LaLorraine were ]
close to the scene of collision, but
owing to the dense fog, were unable j
to locate the Republic, although the i
submarine bells could be heard fw- j
The prompt closing of the Repub- <
lie's water-titrht compartments which (
kept her afloat and undoubtedly (
saved the lives of many of those o? t
board. In the afternoon it was learn* j
cd from the Baltic that these com
partments were still holding the ves- J
sci above water, but that the bulk
heads and compartment doors wer? j
under a fearful strain and likely to
give way at any moment.
A dispatch at 8:30 Sunday night ?
paid: "Republic gone down. No om
aboard. All crew safe on revenu* ,
cutter Gresham." j
An hour later another wirele*
message was received slating that th* j
?revenue cutter Gresham, with the '
Republic crew on board was prc*- .
ceeding to Gayhead. j
Thc Republic's passengers found |
900 returning Italians, many of them
survivors of the earthquake, on boara ]
the Florida, which left Naples oa j
January 9th. I
Lincoln's Native County Votes Dry. i
Hodgonville, Ky., Special.-In a
lecal option election Lame county, in j
'.Vilich Abraham Lincoln was born I
nearly 100 years ago, voted "dry" ?
by a majority of 1,0S5, the vote be- j
inb more than 4 to 1 against license, ,
Would Not Increase Pension. j
Washington, Special. - A motion ?
by Representative Olcott, of New |
York, to increase the pension of Julia
B. Coughlan, widow of Rear Ad- ?
mirai Coughlan, United States navy, ]
from $50 a month as provided for in ?
il pension bill, to $100 a month croat- |
ed a lively interest in the House of <
Repr?sentatives. After a vigorous j
debate the amendment was lost by a i
vote of 42 to 103. :
Suicides in Church. i
Savannah, Ga., Speoial.-In a pos
ture of prayer in St. Patrick's church <
here and wita a bullet hole through <
tho temple the dead body of Otto -
Schueitzer, of Philadelphia, was i
found Friday several hours after the I
fatal shot was fired. Two notes were i
found, one bequeathing $1 for "St, I
Anthony's bread" and another ex- <
pressing regret that he "had permit- 1
ted himself to have any ill-feeling."
Schuenitzer had been hero but a day,
roaching the city aboard a ?teamer 1
rfom Philadelphia. <
DOINGS OF CONGRESS
Summary of Important Proceeding!
Enacted From Day to Day.
The urgent deficiency bill which
carries appropriations amounting ic
$1,026,402, was passed after aa
amendment providing for an appro
priation of $30,000 for- further dis
tribution of seeds by the Department
Representative Foss, of Illinois,
chairman of the House cimmittee on
naval affairs, brought up the naval
appropriation bill which probably will
occupy tne attention of the House
for a day or two. Thc bill carries an
appropriation of $135,662,888. A
message from the President recom
mending an appropriation of $20,000
for a commission to investigate the
conditions in the republic of Liberia,
Africa, was read.
The Brownsville affair was again
before the Senate Wednesday. Sena
tor Frdzier, of Tennessee, speaking
in opposition to the passage of any
measure for the re-enlistment of the
discharged soldiers of the Twenty
fifth Regiment. He insisted that the
guilt of some men of the regimer'
had been established beyond any
doubt, although the individuals who
had committed the crime had not
Mr. Foraker announced that he
would move next Monday to take up
hu bill to reinstate the soldiers un
less an agreement on a time to vote
for the measure is made sooner.
The legislative, executive and ju
dicial appropriation bill also was un
Senator Frazier's ? remarks were
of especial interest as he was
a member of the committee on
military affairs which investigated
th? Brownsville incident, his views
being those of a Southerner who had
an intimate knowledge of the negro
After adopting without opposition
a resolution by which Governor
George F. Lilley, of Connecticut,
ceases to be a member of Congres:
the House procede^ with the naval
appropriation bill. There were few
amendments offered to the measure,
the items ? under consideration being
those of maintenance and improve
ments to navy, yards, stations and
other public works of the navy.
A debate on the propriety of in
creasing salaries of Federal circuil >
and district judges consumed nearly 1
the entire time of the Senate Thurs
day with the result that the compen- 1
sation of the 29 circuit judges wa? 5
increased from $7,000 to $9,000 and 1
that of the 84 district judges from
$6,000 to $8,000. ?
Senator Borah who had offered -
amendments regarding the increa.se '
of salary recommended by the com
mittee on appropriations declared -
that the action of the Senate in in- -
Greasing the salary of the President '
to .$100,000 was in violation of the s
spirit of the constitution and would
never have been taken before or dur- 1
ing the recent political campaign. i
Senator Tillman insinuated that J
some Federal judges were on the pay
rolls of corporations, which called t
forth denunciation that such charges 1
should not be made without specificai- <
ly naming the judge referred to.
Strictures upon the efficiency of 1
officers of the navy in the care cf i
oiachinery of war vessels were utter
2d in 'the House of Representatives c
Thursday during the consideration t
of tho naval appropriation bill, with
the result that an amendment was
adopted requiring the Secretary of
:he Navy to annually report to Con- (
rress those instances where more s
than $200.00 is oxpended for repairs, c
After futile efforts hf"' been made i
.o obtain legislation looking to the I
restoration of marines aboard ship.
pers, an amendment was agreed to I
prohibiting the purchase of powder (
'manufactured and sold in violation
)f" the Sherman anti-trust law. The \
lebate disclosed thc fact that the t
imendment was directed . at the Du I
Pont Company. An amendment also
vas adopted appropriating $250,000 t
for the purpose of doubling the gov- i
cvnment's output of powder other i
:han for small arms at 64 cents per j
The bill was still pending when the c
House adjourned. c
In the Senate Friday, February i
L2th next was declared to be a spec
al legal holiday and .a survey and j
olans for a highway from Washing- c
:on to Gettysburg to be known as \
'The Lincoln Way" as a memorial
to Abraham Lincoln, was provided
for by a joint ?resolution passed by
the sente after a nextended debate. j
Final action was also taken on the (
legislative, executive and judicial np- j
propriation bill, the Senate refusing
to fix at $75,000 the salary of the .
President, previously increased by an
imendment to $100^00.
The House adopted exactly as re
ported by committee, the naval pro- >
rramme for the fiscal year 1910, and <
the naval appropriation bill was pass
id. The oponents of the navy in- |
jrease feature found themselves in a
lopeless minority. The only vital al- ,
;eration made in the measure was the j
..triking out of the provision restor
ing marines to naval vessels. Thc (
iggresate amount appropriated by ?
:ho bill is $135,000,000.
The increase in tho. naval estimate i
?rave rise to extended and heated de
oate, in which members were afforded ,
in opportunity to air their views O? !
the Japanese question. The peace ad
vocates were much in evidence in op
position to such increase, while thc
adherent? or the proposition were 1
dive at all times tn evrry move modi- :
0 cut down thc number of vessels
A motion by Representative Olcott 1
)f New York to increase the pension ?
)f Julia B. Coghlan, widow of Rear
admiral Coghlan, U. S. N., from $50 ;
1 month, a? provided in a pension,
jill, to $100 a month, created a lively
interest in the house of representa
tives Saturday. After a vigorous '
?ebatc the amendment Avas lost by a
rotc of "42 to 103. I 1
Strong opposition to the increase 1
was made on the ground that there
was nothing unusual in the case to
Jemand this special increase.
Itt NEWS IN MB
Items of Interest Gathered By
Wire and Cable
GLEANINGS FROM DAY TO DAT
Live Items Covering Events of More
or Less Interest at Home and
General Miles, who bas just re
turned from Europe, spoke of 90-mile
rides, like that taken by the Presi
dent ,as nothing and said he could
duplicate the feat at his age.
. The famous Spring Hill College,
one of the oldest Jesuit colleges iu
the Southern States, and well known
even in Europe, was destroyed by fire
John D. Rockefeller has given an
other $1,000,000 to the University
of Chicago. Mr. Rockefeller's total
contributions to the university ag
gregates $24,S00,000 for endowment
and other purposes.
The Brookside Worsted Mills;
North Chelmsford, Massachusetts,
were burned on Wednesday, loss
The cotton crop for 1908 is now
estimated at 12,759,000 bales.
Suit was begun at Nashville, Tenn.,
on Wednesday, against Duncan B.
Cooper and son, Robin, and ex
sheriff, John D. Sharp, for the kill
ing of U. S. Senator E. W. Carmack.
P. J. Keiran, of the New York
Fidelity Cc, who has been in hiding
under charge of embezzlement, has
surrendered to the law officers.
Ex-Secretary Elihu Root has been
named by Republican caucus to- suc
ceed Senator Platt of New York,
whoso term expires with this cou
At Hope, Ark., an ^8-year-old
Negro has been lynched for speaking
insultingly to a lady saleswoman in.
Boston had an $S00,000 fire Sun
day, including $750,000 worth of
Another Night Rider, Ed. Marshall
is to be tried at Union City, Tenn.,,
_ $55,000 worth of Guilford, N. C.r.
5 per cent road bonds were sold
Monday for $60,537.40.
Blood hounds effected the capture
)f a Negro who attempted foul as
sault on Mi's. W. J. McLeod, near *
flinton on last Wednesday.
The Federal grand jury has fourni
i bill for peonage against Joshua W.
Ashley, a member of the legislature
'rom Anderson county .
Judge Jones designated February
t9th as the day for hanging the sir
.Tight Riders convicted of murder io>
;he first degree in the case of the
?laying of Capt. Rankin.
Abbott L. Lowell has been named
;he successor to Charles W. Eliott
is president of Cambridge Univer
The Government was sustained by
he Supreme Court in the $1,623,901?
Ine against the Waters-Pierce Oil
Company of Texas.
The Chicago and Alton Railway
las filed an appeal in the adverse
?60.000 rebate fine case.
Two local option bills were intro
luced in the West Virginia Legisla
George L. Lilley, who was elected
governor of Connecticut, did not re
sign as member of the lower House
)f Congress. He was declared, Wed
?esday, no longer a member of that
Mr. Willett, of New York, made a
)itter attack Tuesday on the Presi
lent, but the House stopped him
Senator Batley discussed the prc
ised increase of pay for the Presi
ient and others, criticising Mr.
loosevelt's allowances of expenses.
President Roosevelt asks the goy
srnment of California to consider his
?casons, now on the way, before en
icting bill pending that is unfavor
ite to Japanese citizenship .
Mr. Rayner started a Senate i?t
?uiry into the libel suits against s?v
irai newspapers. C. P. Taft arrived
n Washington to testify.
Ex-Queen Lillioukaluni is still
n-essing her claims before the House
iommittee. She is willing to accept
5250,000 for her claim on Hawaii.
Earthquake shocks are still re?
)orted from Messina and fires break
rat. Snow and rain cause great suf
A disastrous fire swept par+s ni
he afflicted city of Messina on Tucs
Gen. Jose Miguel Gomez was of.
icially proclaimed president of Cuba
Vice Consul Stuart K. Lupton is
o succeed Consul Cheney at Messina.
Admiral Rojcnstvensky, the com.
nander of the Russian fleet whicb
the Japanese destroyed, is dead.
Vice Consul Stuart K. Lupton no-?
?stinmtes the fatalities of the Mes?
;ina earthquake at 90,000.
For the first time in years tht
births in France exceed the deaths.
Tbe bodies of American Consul A.
S. Cheney and wife have been found .
in the ruins of Messina.
Castro, the deposed president oj
Venezuela, says he purposes to re
turn to his country ns a private citi
zen. He will make no effort at revo
lution, but will be on hand if wanted
A Mersilles cable of Saturday say!
the Rhode Island crept into harboi
and fired a salute of 2 Oguns.
Eight persons were killed by ar
?arthquake at Phoncaea, Turkey, on
A man 14 days in the wreck at
Mess1-ia was found and rcsusciatec
Be saw his family perish.
Turkey has accepted the $10,S00,
000 offered by Austria for annexed
territory and there is lo bc no war.
England has afloat a fleet ct
Dreadnoughts as a Un? of defenst
against Germ** nv.