Newspaper Page Text
Oldest Newspaper In South Carolina.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 3rd, 1909.
Essay by Mas
the Prize ii
Robert E. Lee was born at Strat
ford, in Westmoreland County, Vir"
' ginia, on tlhe nineteenth of January,
1807. B?8 father was General Hen
ry Lee (called "Light Horse Harry")
of Revolution?r *f ame.
His. father dies when Robert was
a boy, and. therefore- bis training
. was left--to his mut her. She was a
good woman and/raised her son to
be a devout Ch ist ian man. She was
-a memb?r-of the Carter family, and
both the Lees and. Carters had long
been among the foremost V families
of Virginia in social standing and
When? Robert was not / at school
he spent his leisure time with his
mother. He obeyed her eve.y wish,
and from her received the true prin
ciples of truth, morality, and relig
. At eighteen he received an ap
pointment as a cadet to the United
States Military Academy at West
Point,and after four years graduated
second in a class of forty-six, with f
a commission as second lieutenant in
.??B#?brps of Engineers. While at
"West^olnt his conduct was perfect
.his habits were excellent, and he did
not receive a demerit in the whole
four years. It is said, . He was a
model cadet. His clothes always
looked nice ' and new. His cross
belts, collars and summer trousers'
were^as wbite as the driven snow
mounting guard upon the mountain,
top, and his breast and waist plates
were a mirror to reflect the image
of the inspector".
Daring all this period, in all that
be did, he was characterized by thor
oughness, and a great capacity for
work. . - "X*t
ee married Mary Curtis,
??gtou's wife. On the death of Mr.
Curtis, Mrs. Lee inherited that mag
nificent estate, Arlington, which du
ring the war, was taken from the
Lees by the Federal government*
During the Mexican war Lae did
excellent service as an engineer, for
which he received high praise and
Probably no sub-ordinate officer
came out of the war with a reputa
tion sa greatly enhanced; from that
time he was regarded as one of the
ablest, and by many regarded as the
ablest ot' the younger officers of the
United States Army. Soon after
til * Mexican war he w?*mide Super
intendent of the United States Mili
tary Academy at West Point which
he held for three years; (l85:i to 18
5?). He was made a Lietiteuamt
Colonel March, 18?5, and was sta-?(
tioue.i in Texas from IS?O-'?l, after' $
"February 18G0, as the commander of
the department of Texas, being call
ed upon to protect; the settlers
agaiust the Indians,; aud in 18 bu,
vaitly attempting for five mouths
to capture the notorious brigand
.vWhile at Arlington, on a leave of
absence, in 1850, he commanded the
tillite.] States troops, which over
came and captured John Brown at
Shortly after this the Southern
States Seceded. Lee was opposed ti?
secession, and therefore it was a
great blow to him when his native
Stite, Virginia, decided to leave the
Union; but he did not hesitate, about!
obeying her call. 1
For 82 years Lee had served in
the army of th s United States, and
it was a struggle for him to leave its
service; but he never failed tb di?
what he thought was his duty.
Lee's position at this time when
war between the North and South
seemed certain was a very delicate
and trying one. Although he loved
the Union, and had the high honors
, given- him by the Union, he could
not think of fighting against his
state and kinsmen. It is true Ley
had a hard time answering the above
question, because he had spent most,
of Iiis time in the Union and in
SOTO?-ways was under obligations to
HP . .
Though himself-a slave holder, he
had long believed that slavery was
an evil, both for the blacks and the
whites. In 1850 he had written,
"'There are few, I believe, in this en
lightened age, who will not acknow-i
ledge that slavery as an institution
is a moral and political evil in any
country. I think it a greater evil to
the white than to the black race".
He regarded the freeing of slaves a?
certain to come in time, but believed
that it would sooner result from the
mild ?n?\melting ways of Christian
ter WvW. Ada
i the Bontest bj
hap*ter of the U
ity, than from the storms and bair
ties of war.
Lee did not like the reading of
such books as, ''Uncle Tom's Cabin"
and in that way Jhe thoroughly
agreed with the. South.
On April .16. 1861, President
Lincoln offered to put Lee in com
mand of the active army of the Uni
ted States, but he declined the high
compliment and sent in his resigna
tion to the war department of the
United States. At the same time he
wrote a letter to General Wingfield
Scott, then commanderrin-chief of
the army, in which he said, "Save^in
the defense of my native state, I
never, desire again to draw my
sword." He also wrote his sister a
GE3fE~l.'X ?bZz?.? E. LEE, FI
etter on that same day in which
ie said, "With all my devotion to
;he Union and the feeling of loyal
ty and duty of au American citizen,
[ have not been able to make up my
mihd to raise my hand against my
relatives, my chUdren,and ray home."
Although Lee was not expecting to
be called on so soon, he answered
the call of hi? state, and at once was
nade commander-in-chief of the. Vir
ginia farces. In obedience, to the
jail of his state, he went to Rich
nond to take command of the Vir
The State Convention, which pass
id the ordinance of s?cession was in
?essionl A committee was sont to
ovite u.ie to appear-before the con
rention. H? Avas ushered into, the
?all and welcomed by the ''presiding
>fticer, ~t?r. .Tanney, wlic; said: "Sir,
ve have'expressed our convictions
.hat youareat this time among the
mug citizens of Virginia-first iii
var. Wo pray to God most'f erven t
y tliat you may so . conduct the
/pera'iipiis committed to your charge
;hat it, AV i 11 soon ba said of you, that
pou are the.'first, in peace,'and when
;hac time comes you will have earn
?d th? still prouder distinction- of
jiiu\v: 'first in the hearts of his coun
trymen." It luid been said of Wash
ington that he was first in war, first
in peace, and first in the hearts of
Ids countrymen," and truly did Mr.
Tanney predict that Virginia would
iorne day honor and revere t he mem
ory of Lee as she did that of Wash
Soon war began in real earnest,
[n the middle of the summer of 18
jl the Confederates defeated the
Federal's at Bull Run", or Manassas
Virginia, and the invasion ol' Vir
ginia was checked. In August. 1861
Lee took command of the Confede
rate forces in the 'mountains of what'
ater became West Virginia, but he
ivas hampered by ill-advised orders
iud by the inefficiency of his subor
linates he met with little success. :
Me was then sent to strengthen the
lefences of the Southern seaboard, ?
md in March 1862 General George
3. McClellan with a strong Union
irmx undertook j to advance from ?
forktown against Richmond, but (
bund himself opposed by General i
Ibseph E. Johnston. General John
ston was wounded and Lee was put
n command of army and after s ev- 1
m days of fighting McClellan was
Iriven back. <
Operations around Richmond were
riven up for tli^time being, and the ,
south became jubilant and the North
lespondent^Lee marched Noith and
ms That Won
' the Edge
; D. C.
defeated the Federals under Genera*
Pope at the! second battle of Manas
sas,pushed into Maryland,and fought
the battle of Antietam, or Sharps
burg, and then retired to Virginia.
In December of the same year he
terribly defeated Burnside at Fred
In May 1863, Lee inflicted even a
worse defeat on Hooker at Chancel
lorsville, a short distance from Fred
ericksburg. The battle of Chancel
lorsville was a costly one to tbe Con
federates ;General "Stonewall" Jack
son was killed and Lee lost "his
right arm" as Jackson was called.
After this battle Lee pushed into
the North; crossed Maryland and en
tered Pennsylvania; but at Gettys
10M HIS LAST PHOTOGRAPH.
burg he was stopped by the Feder
als under General Meade.
Here was fought a three days
battle. On the last day the Confcd
rates under General Pickett made a
heroic charge against the Federals,
but were conipelled to withdraw.
As they came back, Lee rode out
to meet them. He encouraged the
men and said to them: "all this has
been my fault and it is I who have
lost this fight. You must help me
out as best you can."
Ile was brave in victory, but brav-;
er in defeat. He never tried to
place the responsibility of defeat
upon another, but took it all on him
In the spring of 1864, General
Grant was put in charge of the,Fed
eral troops with instructions to at
tack Lee and to advance upon Rich
Grant had vron a great reputation
for himself. He had fought and
won battles, dud captured forts ia
The sams day that Lee lost at Get
tysburg. Grant captured Vicksburg,
Mississippi. In thc meantime Ad
miral Farragut had entered the?
mouth of the Mississippi and taken.
New Orleans. ?j
The capture of Vicksburg by I
Grant added to the success of Far
ragut, cut the Confederacy in two-,
and opened the Mississippi river to
the Federals. After other success
es in Tennessee, Lincoln decided
that if any man was capable of de-;
feating Lee it was Grant. So he
callee him from the West and put,
him in charge of the active armies
of the United States.
He took immediate command of I
the army of the Potomac, and
began to advance against Lee. From
.March, 1864, until April, !), 1865, a
vigorous campaign was carried on
between Lae and Grant. It began
with the battle of the, "Wilderness"'
Spotsylvania County Virginia, and
and ended with the surrender of
Lee at Appomattox Courthouse, Vir
Lee did all that could be done to
prevent defeat, but Grant's army
greatly outnumbered his. Sometimes
[?rant had more than five times as
nany soldiers as Lee.
During the campaign, Lee showed
that he was not afraid to expose
himself to the fire of tbe enemy.
While fighting around Spotsylvania
Courthouse; Lee came up to some
Texas soldiers, placed 'himself at
their heail and, crying, "Hurrah for
Texas," ordered the charge. The
(Continued to eighth page.)
THE PARKSVILLE UNION.
Initial Meeting cf Third Divis
ion One of the Most Suc
cessful Ever Held - in
. Notwithstanding the cold wave
that struck-Parks ville broadsided
Friday night, the new division of
the Edgefieid; association, to be
known as the third division, was
duly organized on Saturday, Jan
uary 30th. Mr. L. F. Dorn was
called to the chair as temporary
chairman and Mr. Dan Bell as tem
porary secretary*' After devotional
exercises conducted by the venera
ble Geo. W. BuBsev, delegates were
enrolled and a permanent organiza"
tion effected bysthe election of L.
F. Dorn, moderator, and John D.
McKie of Clara's Hill church, as
secretary. -Fiv'e$i-churches compose
this division, vo Parksville, Plum
Branch, Modock Clark's Hill and
Red Oak Gfo^wA constitution was
adopted, and ?taong other things
defined the HfD4$B or boundaries of
the new divisicwas;. follows: "This
division shall/^ be composed ^of
churches witlug^a radius of nine
miles, taking .^r?'ksyille as the cen
tre." This of ??rse precludes the
idea of a larg?^?W?eldy union, cov
ering an area?^&ly accessible by
each church j
sins of Omissh
by- the regula^
J. M. Bussey. 1
sing said divis
t a teacher, the
methods in the
appointees, to the
'.instruction . of all
ping the exercises
i by superintendent
being so cold, the
regular lessonl^ere dispensed with,
and talks were ? made by the super
intendent and'.Bro. G. \vr. Bussey.
At the preaching- hour the mis
sionary serm?n' was preached by
Rev. Mr. Duron, the new McCor
mick pastor, from our "marching
orders," the'great commission: "Go
ye into all the world and preach the
Gospel, ete.,5??t;was a- magnificent
effort, holding'the closest attention
:>? ill the interested listeners, to
action was- taken at
!heconc^^P?wM?^?by motion the
previous day -been given to
Ttatt^aaions, amounting to $22.00.
rbis ."free ^vlll offering was evi
ience bf the. interest and "effect of
the sermon, as well as the interest
)f the new division in the cause of
fissions. The amount collected in
November by 2nd division before
)urs was organized, was only $14.00,
f I remember correctly, which
ihows even now, the good work
lone when the new was organized.
A bountiful dinner was now
spread in the church, it being so
;old out of doors, and "we all did
jat and were filled."
The afternoon session was de
moted to young people's work, and
,vas the most interesting part of the
)rogram. Mr. D. N. Dorn read a
japer on B. Y. P. U. work differ
mtiated from other church work
hat elicited so much favorable
?omment that a motion was. made
.equesting the paper for publication.
D. A. J. Bell spoke on the Sun
ihine Habit and Rev. Mr. Lee, Rev.
j. \V. Bussey, and our pastor all
ipoke in encouraging words to
mr y?ung people.
This closed bur first, and one of
he most interesting union meetings
;he writer ever attended. Although
;he weather was severe we had dele
gates from Red Oak Grove,. Plum
[Branch, Clark's Hill, Modocand
Parksville, which evidenced the in
erest in the new enterprise.
The next meeting will go to Red
3ak Grove, 5th Saturday and Sun
lay in May. We hope for better
veather, but we could not hope for
i better meeting.
Besides the delegates to the union
ve had with us from McCormick,
Elev. Mr. Duren, Mr. J. B. Kel
ton, Mr. and Mrs. Dr. Thos. Jen
lirigs and their beautiful children.
Mr. Fooshe and Mrs. Freeman
Taylor from the fork of che creek
vere welcome visitors to our meet
Misses Burnett and Wilson of
Greenwood were also with ns at the
Mrs. Mamie Walker and Mrs.
Bob White of White Town attend
id our union.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Price from
Tennessee, make a new accession to
?ur town. Mrs. Price is the daughter
>f Mr. W. R. Parks, and her many
riends welcome her home after an
ibsence of two years.
Votice to Stock Raisers.
I have a registered Guernsey Bull
i splendid individual from distin
guished ancestry; mother 6 gallon
:ow, 14 per cent butter fat.
JULIAN R. STROTHER;
"Onlooker" Makes Some Sug
gestions to The Lawmakers
Now in Session in Co
It is a hard matter for us to elect
law makers with common sense
enough to do anything besides
drink whiskey, eat. peanuts, kill
time and draw their pay. Now, as to
a game law, the trouble is not be
cause game is killed out of season
or that the present law is not suffi
cient to protect it; nor is the scarci
ty of game caused by excessive
hunting. The truth is the eggs and
young are destroyed by the thou
sands by half breed dogs that prowl
around day and night. "What we
need to afford proper protection is
just such a law as was introduced
in the House the other day, which
provided a tax of ten dollars on all
female dogs. That is a step in the
right direction, for the protection
of game, and also to prevent mad
dogs to a great extent. Had that
law passed it would have been of
great benefit in protecting game
birds and to the people of South
Carolina in many ways, and yet it
was killed at once, just for the lack
of a little thought and practical
common sense, on part of those who
are supposed to represent our best
interests. . .
Now, as to prohibition: The peo
ple have never asked for anything
else. They have never by their votes
or in any other way asked for a
dispensary, or even local option.
This local option is simply the dy
ing grasp of the advocates and
ringsters of the old dispensary be
cause they know that in some of
the connties that there are enough
of the ignorant class of people to re
tain a dispensary and that this fact
would keep prohibition from being
a success in those counties that did
vote it out. A dry country with a
wet one on its borders is at a dis
advantage andi does not get the.full*
advantage ' of prohibition that it
should now. If they do not intend
to give the people what they ask
for (that is, state-wide prohibition)
let them at least fix the local option
law. so as to limit the sale of whis
key to residents of the county in
which said dispensary is situated
ind make the law so that a violation
of -it would -^?^j^^csaser-. for >feh?
removal of the dispensary when
proof of such illegal sale should
be presented to the governor. As
the ^matter now stands the wet
counties make a lot of trouble for
the dry ones. In a similar way the
two laws against deadly weapons
ire directly oppose to each other.
The law against carrying concealed
tveapons was and is a good law and
?hould have remained just as it was.
Somebody whose desire to do some
;hing smart got thc better of their
?ommon sense and good judgment
md enacted an unlawful, weapon
aw .which has practically killed the
rood effects of the concealed weap
on law and is responsible for the in
creased number of murders with the
nore deadly shot gun than would
lave been had this law not been
massed. The record will show this
o be a fact. Under the concealed'
iveapon law those who carried pis
ols did not try to hide them#and
rou had an opportunity of knowing
vhen a man was armed, while as it
s now they use every precaution to
lide them and you do not know who
s armed or who is not until you
ire up against it. This fact forces a
rood man to have to go and in de
iance of law so as to be able to pro
ect himself against bad ones.
Trusting that our lawmakers will
rive heed to these matters that con
;crn us so much and from which so
nuch could be derived and let some
>thers alone that are not worthy of
ittention. I beg to remain an .
Washington Once Gave Up.
to three doctors; was kept in bed
br five weeks. Blood poison from a
ipider's bite caused large, deep sores
o cover his leg. The doctors failed,
hen "Bucklers Arnica Salve com
)letely cured me," writes John
Washington, of Bosqneville, Tex.
Tor eczema, boils, burns and piles
ts supreme. 25c at W E Lynch &
?o., Penn & Holstein, successors to
T L Penn <fc Son drug stores.
The Editor's Lament.
The following from a leading
?ewspaper out in North Dakota, will
)e appreciated just at this time: "lt
s reported that one of the fastidi
)U8 ladies in a neighborhood town
;neads bread with her gloves on.
rhis incident may be somewhat
jeculiar, but there are others. The
;ditor of this paper needs bread
vith his shoes on. He needs bread
tvitb his shirt on. He also needs
jread with his pants on, and unless
;ome of thc delinquent subscribers
o this "Old Rag of Freedom" pay
ip before long he will need bread
without a blamed thing on-and
tforth Dakota is no Garden of Eden
n the winter time."
Judge W. F. Roath.
Edgefield county has been ex
ceedingly fortunate in having had
Mr. William F.-Roath as a member
of its official family, in one capacity
or another, for more than thirty
years. Mr. Roath was born in Or
angeburg June 9th, 1841, and came
to Edgefield county in 1867, when a
young man of only twenty-six years.
On December the I7th,1868, he was
married to Miss Annie F. Nichol-1
W. F. Roath.
son, a daughter of the lamented S.
W. Nicholson. Two years later,
December 20th, 1870, Mr. and Mrs
Roath came to Edgefield village to
reside, and have made this their
home continuously since that time.
In directing these good people to
cast their lot in. this community,
Providence was exceedingly kind to
Edgefield. . A Christ-like influence
has gone out from hin life like
the perfume from the rose, and
though silent and invisible yet it
has been powerful and far-reaching.
Daring his sojourn her? of nearly
forty years many a man has been
ennobled and strengthened by the
hearty hand shake and earnest, ton
ier "God bless you" of Judge
Roath. Iadeed his long life of near
ly three score and ten years has
been cons tantly devoted to seed sow
ing.Qne can not enter his; office with
out leaving a better man.
. Fortunate are the people who
b^E?Jucl:._ a public servant. Mr.
Roath was elected clerk of the
Board of County -Comm issioners in
1878 and served-for four years. The
atter part of 1882 he was elected
Fudge -of Probate and filled that
position very acceptably until re
living the appointment as Master
n Equity in 1887. For twenty-one
rears Judge Roath ha? made the
>est Master in South Carolina, and
.ecently received the appointment
ror another term of four years.
May he yet be spared to this com
nunity and to the county at large
or many, very many, years!
\ccount of Trenton Races of
The following is an account of
he races held on the track of Mr.
r. D. Mathis, being' writ*"- .: by the
Augusta Chronicle's Trenton cor
Mr. J. D. Mathis has built a
plendid half mile race track in
rout of his country home, two
niles south of Trenton, and on this
rack on Thursday, January 28,
ome splendid trotting races w?re
?ulled off before a large anddelight
d crowd of spectators. There- were
iresent representatives from Tren
on, Johnston, Edgefield, Meeting
5treet, Aiken, Ridge Spring and
forth Augusta. ^
First Race-Trotting: Dr. Gus
Morley's gray mare vs. Mr. B. B.
ones' bay horse, best two out three,
?ne mile heats. This race fwas won
>y the bay horse. Time, 2:36. Purse
Mr. Geo. W. Wise, Jr., drove the
?ay horse and won the purse.
Second Race-Trotting: Col. P.
?. Mayson s brown horse vs. Dr. T.
. Hunter's bay horse. Best two out
if three and one-half. mile heats.
5ay horse won. Time, 2:47.
' Third Race-Trotting: Bryant's
>ay horse vs. Stevens' bay mare,
rwo out of three, half mile heats.
5ay horse won. Time 2:50.
Fourth Race-Running: Swear
ngen's gray horse vs. Hitt's sorrel
lorse, 500-yard dash. Gray horse
Fifth Race-Running: Gibson's
>rown horse, 600-yard dash. Brown
Sixth Race-Bub Claxton's thor
.ughbred running horse Telegraph,
an one-half mile against time. Was
idden by an expert joofcey, Mr. L.
)avis, from Aiken, S. C. Time 2:53.
Seventh Race-Trotting: Dr. Gus
Morley's gray mare vs. Dr. Carm.
thad's Drown horse. Best two out
?f three, half mile heats. Gray mare
von. Time 2:41.
Eighth Race-Trotting: Mr. B.
3. Jones' Kentucky bay norse Bill
et vs. Mr. B. Boatwright's fa
nous trotting mare Marguerite.
Best two out of three, one mile
The Colliers W. CT. U. Has In
augurated a Red ind Blue .
It is generally conceded by all
who know her that Miss Juddie
Fanning is one of the foremost
teachers in the county. This is her
second year as principal of the Col
liers school, and besides giving sa*>
isfactidnas~a teacher Miss Fannin ?
is greatly beloved and honored b y
cause of .the very active interest sha
has taken in every good work that
contributes to the betterment an I
development of the community.
Miss. Fanning is vice-president of
the Woman's Christian Tempo
ance Union at Colliers, and in tha
following letter to Mrs. J. L. Mimi
she tells of the work of their union:
Dear Mrs MimsrThe Colliers W.
C. T. U. held an interesting and
beneficial meeting Thursday, Jan
uary 21st. Although, for many rea
sons, the union has not mat regu
larly for several months, the mem
bers have not lost ' interest by any
means, but rather seem more eager
and determined to redouble their*
energy in putting forth efforts for
the cause of temperance. We be
lieve in progressing and dissemina
ting the temperance sentiment in.
every way possible, and in the fur
therance of this cause, a Red and
Blue contest has been inaugurated.
It is believed that this plan will
be the means of gaining many new
members for our union both active
and honorary. In fact within a few
days, encouraging reports have been
given by members of the respective
sides. The young people, especially,
are interested in this contest, and as
each side has enthusiastic workers,
it is difficult to conjecture which,
will be the winner.
We earnestly pray and hope that
at the end pf two months, when the
contest closes, there will be no little
increase in the membership of our
With the view of instructing the
young people and impressing the
public mind with the importance of,
the great question of -temperance
this union has decided to hold a
medal contest in the near future.
Preparations for this have begun,
and we^truBt that this will be in
strumental siot only in niaintaining
the interest?* of our'g?tiger tnesir
bera, but in arousing th? men and
women ter the responsibility that
rests upon them in the struggle
Juddie Fanning, :
Vice-Pres. Colliers-W. C. T. U.
rion. W. H. Nicholson Secures
Carnegie Medal For Green
Greenwood county has probably
;he distinction of being the first
;ounty in the state to have one of
ts : citizens receive recognition at
;he hands of the ^Carnegie Hero
Fund commission. Through the
?fforts of Mr. W. H. Nicholson,
low a member of the legislature
Tom this county, and a prominent
roung attorney here, the attention
)f the commission was directed to
;he heroism of Mr. James B. Gold
nan, in saving the life of a negro,
Warren Finlay, at Waterloo on
Tune 29, 1907. The award of the
?ommisuion is that Mr. Goldman is
0 get a silver medal for the sum
>f a thousand dollars, to be applied
owards the purchase of a farm or
ither such worthy purpose, as may
>e approved by the executive com
nittee. Mr. Goldman is a young
vhite farmer, living near Capt. J.
I. Brooks' place at Cambridge. He
tas a wife and. several small chil
Iren, and the money that he is to
ret will go a long ways towards
etting him up in life and giving
lim an opportunity to have a home
?f his own. In this case the reward
tf the commission is most merito
ious and worthy, and Mr. Gold
nan's fiiends are congratulating
lim on his great good fortune. Mr.
Goldman received notice last Fri
lay of the award of the commis
Visited Eighteen Schools.
In spite of the recent cold weath
ir, County Superintendent of Edu
ation A. R. Nicholson has bas been
ngaged in visiting the scbools in
he eastern portion of the county.
Jp to this time he has made eighteen
isits and js greatly pleased with
he work the teachers are doing. He
tas found the teachers more capa
,nd doing more etlicient work than (
ie expected. It is Mr. Nicholson's
mrpose to continue his visits until
?very school in the county has been
teats. Purse 850. Bay horse won
he race. Time, 2:33.
Mr. Geo. W. Wise, Jr., drove the
>ay horse and won the purse.
inter the corn growers' contest.