Newspaper Page Text
eaning of Hamper traps
Fertility fs Being Exhausted Rapidly and
Must Be Restored
By L C Brown, La Grange, UL
UMPER crops mean tnat unusual amounts of crop-making
elements have been-taken from thVsolL So it must fol
low when soil is put In such good condition that crops grow
abundantly and produce above the normal yield that greater
? i B,-. J $ pains must be taken to return a much larger amount of fer
4.X tilizing material. This very thing was brought, to my
notice a few days ago, while I was traveling through Central
HV9.9Q??V099 Illinois. The case in point was a farmer who had a thor
: oughly kept farm. He had worked out successfully the
problem of keeping his land in good "condition. This he had done by a care
fully laid- system of drainage and by knowing when to plough a' field
He had worked out successfully ten problem of keeping his land in good con
dition,. This he had done by a carefully laid system of drainage and by
a carefully laid system ow drainage1 and by knowing when to plough a field
and when to leave it alone. Up to twelve years ago mixed farming was prac
tised here,,and* a considerable portion *f the farm was constantly kept in
meadow and pastures. Twelve y?ars ago steck feeding was stopped and the
Whole farm was turned into grain fields. The natural result was that that
farm soon became famous for its big yields of corn, oats and wheat. These
unusual crops were taken off for nine years, and then the yields fell off alarm
ly. What was -'the trouble? No doubt there is still a large amount of nitro
gen in "-the" soil, but it hus been thrown out of balance by drawing too heavily
on some.other elements. Thousands of fine farms in Central Illinois are in
precisely this condition today. Upon these farms cattle and hogs used to be
fed, and littje, if any, of the crops were ever hauled away from the farm.
But after twelve or fifteen years of 75-bushel&;an-acre corn crops farmers find
that they have to go to the bottom of one of their soil bins. If these lands are
nandled. right? they,are good almost indefinitely, but allow this one-sided crop
ping system to go on and on and the soil conditions here will soon be on the
same basis as in the southern section of the state. ? The thing to do is to
keep this land in condition to produce bumper crops, but not to lose sight of
the fact that a 40-bushel wheat yield an acre has used up a correspondingly
large amount of food elements.
fyj*+**+**^?^ The ****
Typical Boston ian
Does He Exist?
Bv M. A. De Wolf Howe
F the careful student of Boston should undertake to recon?
Btruct from the recorded impressions of observant visitors
and. critics an imaginary city, it must be said hat nearly all
the counterparts of the actual city would be found among'
his materials. He would probably discover that some of
the materials are provided in excess and others insufficient
ly. The nature of most bf them could be summarized by a
further condensation of the reports here brought together.
Such a summary might be desirable were this a more exten
sive compilation? As it is, there is need only to add a single consideration
for the reconstructive student who,/for one reason or another, may not pur
sue his studies on the spot. The possibility of scrutinizing the "typical Bos
tonian"-the man who has created the impression which the word "Boston"
brings to mind-is a diminishing possibility. This person, moving daily
farther from the East, is fading by degrees into the light of common day.
For the sake of fifty righteous men, Abraham persuaded the Lord to spare
the city of Sod^om, .and with an admirable process of "jewing down" brought
the number through forty-five, forty, thirty, and twenty-finally to ten. The
submerging wave of modern condltons has not yet brought the number of
typical Bostonians so low as the highest on which the bargain for Sodom was
struck. But it will roll onward; fifty will be reached, and possibly by dread
ful degrees even ten. Lower than that the imagination refuses to go, and if
lt must go so far there will be comfort in the knowledge that ten complete
Bostonians will be enough to preserve for their city something of its ancient
? Socialism and Human
* Jfature f
By Vida Scudder
ORAL preparation for the New Order! It might well be the
watchwoid of the hour: It is the last thing of which one
ME hears. The militant socialists -are too busily engaged in
1 aggressive propaganda, so preoccupied with their vision of
I " healing and liberation for the body that they lay them
selves, open to the charge of feeling slight interest in the
soul. Yet In the confusion one fact is clear: Should social
ism come otherwise than as the result of an inward trans
formation, affecting the deep springs of will and love, it
wouia prove the worst disaster of any experiment in collective living that
the world has seen. Matthew Arnold, wisest of Victorian critics, pointed out
years ago the perils with which th? advance of democracy is fraught, unless
it be achieved through a common enlightenment and a pervading social'pas
sion. Socialism is democracy pushed to an extreme. It would involve im
mensely elaborated machinery. Unless the spirit of the living creature ba
In the wheels, one foresees them grinding destruction. Should socialism be
other than the expression of a general will very different from that of today,
it would be an unbearable tyranny. The only comfort is that it could not
endure. The truth Is that we are forced to agree with our tedious friends
who insist th<t we "must alter human nature" if socialism is to be a suo
cess.-From the Hibbert Journal.
Women May Be Graceful
By Florence Augustine
ITH strengthened muscles and nerves normally in hand any
self-respecting womah ought to be able to maintain a grace
ful carriage^and well-bred appearance at any social func
tion. It is well to remember that the secret of graceful
movement is comfort, that the graceful thing is the easy
thing. A graceful pose, sitting or standing, is a comfortable
pose, and once you have gained control over your muscles, '
they will.fall naturally into comfortable, graceful postures.0
Yet grace to be attractive must be unstudied, uncon
scious. This, if anything, is the most conspicuous ear-mark of the well-bred
woman-her total lack of self-consciousness. Sure bf herself, sure of her
clothes, but forgetting them, her attitude of mind is that of the kings of
old: "I can do no wrong." She moves with easy superiority, because she has
np desire to impress with her superiority; she feels that it speaks for itself.
She is neither haughty nor aloof, because she doesn't have to fight for "a
place." She is not cold or stiff, but merely reserved, mild, unruffled, slightly
disinterested, and grave, but always alert, kind and courteous. One's innate
feeling is bound thus to show in one's bearing, and true breeding ls not a
thing of birth or brains or property, but something of the spirit.-From
The Uses of a Fat Man.
"I don't know whether I'll like Jack
or not when I see him again," said
she. "He wrote me he wa? getting
iat I hate a fat man.'"
"A lat man's all right," said the boy
who was playing cards on the floor,
"when a burglar gets. in. A fat man
will scare a burglar."
"But," she demurred, "I'm not mar
rying a man just because he's good to
scare burglars with,* am ll"-New
The Morning After.
The severe parent glared angrily at
the prodigal son.
"Noon," he observed.^ icily, "is an
absurd hour for breakfast."
"It ls rather early," chirped tho
prodigal son, putting down his fifth
glass of ice water.-New York Times.
A few buckets of water placed in a
room where carbon gas is escaping
from a stove is noticeable will greatly
.educe the danger of poisoning.
-Cartoon by I
STANDARD OIL CASH IS I
Individual Stockholders Reinvest In RB
in Soap and Also In Candles-Bus:
Seeks Opportunities Far and W
-No Increase of Capital I
nany Has Ali I
New York City.-Standard Oil
men, with Standard Oil dividends, are
reaching out for. the larger retail
They are applying to the field of
Investment the Standard Oil?methods
which have proven so potent in every
line of competitive business to which
they have previously been applied.
The retail lines which have recent
ly attracted the attention of the men
who have been trained by the master
hand of John D. Rockefeller embrace:
For more than a year the work
of absorbing or, at any rate, gaining
a controlling interest In enterprises,
which In many instances seem to
have no connection with the produc
tion of oil, has been going on quietly
but actively, and the complete roster
probably would make interesting
Acquiring Ma../ Businesses.
Some of these concerns in which
Individual stockholders of the Stand
ard Oil Company are heavily Inter
ested are the Hegeman Drug Com
pany, Childs' chain of restaurants,
the Corn Products Refining Company,
the Neva? York Glucose Company and
the National Starch Company. But
there are more to' come. Reports,
which bear every evidence of verity
are current that, a grsat candy estab
lishment with many branches in New
York and other cities has recently
passed into the control of Standard
Pear 'ts and milk probably will be
next on the Hst, for the same reports,
based on excellent authority, are that
these oil interests have already ob
tained control of what is known as
the peanut trust, and will soon, if
they have not already, acquire one of
the most extensive milk producing
businesses In the country.
All these transactions are the out
come of what 1B known as the "in
vestment department" of the Stand
ard Oil Company. This is entirely
for the benefit of the large stockhold
ers and the work is conducted in an
Money Must Not Be Idle.
So thoroughly does the Standard
Oil Company now cover the ground
and the earth that it has all the capi
tal that it needs and is practically im
possible to put more money back into
the industry, which yields annually
millions in profit. Standard Oil divi
dends,, therefore, are constantly seek
ing reinvestment, for it Is one of the
axioms of John D. Rockefeller him
self that money must not be idle. The
head of the investment department
or bureau was until recently a man
who is now a banker and broker in
Wall street. There has. been a reor
ganization lately, but the search for
good opportunities is under the gen
eral direction of an accomplished
financial scout who has a corps of
There are numerous firms or com
panies which have an established rep
utation and feel that if they had ad
ditional capital they might greatly
extend their business. While they
are making inquiries they may re
ceive a visit from an agent, who says
that he has heard something of their
endeavors and intimates that if the
enterprise meets the approval of his
principals it would be possible to
come to an agreement.
Millionaire E. J. Barney, 73,
Makes Widow of 30 His Bride.
Dayton, Ohio.-In the face of tne
bitter opposition of his daughters, E.
J. Barney, who is seventy-three years
jld and the wealthiest man in Dayton,
was married to Mrs, Elinor Chapman,
widow of State Ssnator W. W. Chap
man, who is in her thirtieth year.
Mrs. Chapman was governess in the
Barney family for several months af
ter the dea.th of the Senator, and it \s
Delieved that the wedding will cause
i complete rupture between Barney
ind hit; two daughters.
Among the Workers.
The Gas Workers' Union at Sacra
mento, Cal., has made an application
to become affiliated with the State
Federation of Labor.
A union of hard solderers of New
iTork has been organized. The name
adopted is the Independent Interna
tional Union of Hard Solderers.
Labor leaders in Toronto, Canada, '
will ask the Ontario Government to
stablish ar? eight-hour day for girls
working in factories. The latter now
work twelve hours, , or seventy-two a
)avenport, in the "New York Evening Mail.
PUT HU FOOD AND DRUGS
sfauranfs and Pliarmacies-Thousands
r' Department at No. 26 Broadway
iear-Has Enough in Petroleum
'ossible Because the Com
t Needs in Oil.
"Can you make a statement," is his
usual question, "which' will show that
increased capital will develop the
business and return a good profit?"
These statements are analyzed by
experts and a report is made showing
the nature of the territory in which
it is proposed to locate new branches
of a business and the probabilities of
the various regions developing. The
agent takes an active interest in the
industry or the business if. the con
tract is made, and the capital ls like
ly to come from a bank which is in
touch with the Standard Oil group.
From Restaurants to Oil.
Operations such as these have been
conducted for the last three years,
and as a result the country has seen
chains of drug stores, and an ever in
creasing procession' of popular priced
It was admitted at the office of the
Hegeman Company that several of
the Standard Oil men had as individ
uals invested in the corporation. Its
president Is John H. Flagler. .
According tb Samuel Childs, vice
president of the Childs Restaurant
Company, dividends from his enter
prise find their way to No. ?26 Broad
way. A. Tydeman, of the ?ureau of
Purchases and^Supplies of the Stand
ard Oil, ls among the investors in the
E. T. Bedford, a large stockholder
in the Standard Oil and until recently
a director of thal connor at. ion, is the
president of the Conf Products Re
fining Company, of the New York
Glucose Company, which has the tall
chimney at Shadyside, N. J.
Four of the corn products compa
nies have offices at No. 26 Broadway,
and there also is the headquaters of
the "National Starch OomDany. Re
ports mat tue standard group had In
any way become Interested In the
manufacture of candy are denied by
leading confectionery companies, *and
one of them has within the last week
sent oyt a circular to the trade ex
plicitly stating that there has been no
change whatever in the management.
C. T. White, assistant treasurer,
who has an office on the fourteenth
floor, was asked if there were any.
truth in the report that the Standard
OH Company was becoming extensive
ly Interested in outside ventures.
"That is not the fact," was his em
Mr. White referred to the various
glucose companies as being under the
control of men also affiliated with
Standard OH and to the National
Starch Company ra a subsidiary cor
poratlon of the Corn Products Com
As to the "Investment Department'
which the officials and stockholders
of the Standard find so useful, he said
that if there was such a thing lt was
news to him. Among the larger, op
erations of financiers of the Standard
Ql\ group as Individuals may also be
mentioned the Amalgamated Cooper
and the United Metals Selling Com
pany, in which H. H. Rogers is in
terested, and the railroad and hotel
Interests of Henry M. Plagler in'Flor
Paragraphed Pickings. ""**
The Pittsburg Club has sold short
stop Charlie Starr to the Boston Club,
\ Work is being done in the matter
of unionizing the brewers in El Paso,
Reports of the various New York
City railway lines for the last quarter
showed assets of 5354,000.000.
Sixteen hundred men employed In
the collieries at Aberaman, Wales,
were locked out.
Find Six Out of Every Ten
Children Have Tuberculosis.
Des Moines, Iowa.-An investiga
tion conducted by the Des Moines
Tubercular Association resulted in
tho amazing discovery that six out of.
every ten children examined in tho
city are infected with the dreaded tu
Most of the cases are incipient, but
In many the disease has progressed to
a dangerous degree. The association
Is considering the psfabllshing of a
children's tubercular- camp for scien
tific treatment. . .
The World of Sport.
President Taft has become an hon
orary member of the Eastern Yacht
Club, of Boston.
Stanford has In W. M. Wyman, a
sophomore, a quarter miler who is
good for fifty seconds.
Robert H. Bryson, of Indianapolis,
was elected president ,of the Ameri
can Bowling- Congress'Mn session at I ['
"Jack" Johnson and Stanley
Ketchel signed articles to fight twen
ty rounds at the Colma A. C., in San
Young Turks Win Victory In
YILDIZ GARRISON SURRENDERS
Constitutionalists Have Situation in
Hand-Martial Law Proclaimed
Foreigners Safe.-Will Test Sul
' tan'3 Responsibility For Mutiny.
Constantinople, By Cable-The
constitutionalist forces were in com
plete control of the capital Saturday.
The Sultan'was pr?ctically a prisoner
in the Xjldiz palace. His formal sub
mission was not given, but he and the
troops with him were at the mercy of
the army of occupation.
Mahamoud Schefket Pasha, the
commander-in-chief of the invading
forces, desired to finish the work
without further bloodshed.
The,sending forward of the ad
vanc? posts of the Saloniki army Fri
day afternoon to within two and
one-half miles of the palace fore
shadowed the attack upon the city,
which began at ?5 o'clock Sunday
morning. The bridges had been pick
eted and small parties of cavalry had
reconnoitered the grund. After desul
tory firing, just before dawn, a strong
advance was made in the southwest
part of Pera. The attacking forces
spread out in a long line ana made
an assauLjt upon the Matchka and
Taschkischia barracks, south of the
palace. Here' they met with a stub
The invaders continued to advance
in three columns with the utmost pre-!
cisi?n, and occupied all the points of
vantage. The voluneers from Gnev
geli received their baptism of fire
from Matchka, but they stood their
ground well and replied with steady
volleys. The strength of the volun
teers was overwhelming, and the
Matchka garrison soon surrendered.
Almost imemdiately the loyal sol
diers on the Taschkischia barracks,
on the opposite hill, opened with a
deadly fire, but notwithstanding that
many of them fell, the Saloniki
troops did not hesitate in their ad
vance, but moved slowly and cau
tiously, bringing up thejr' machine
guns, which eventually resulted in
silencing the garrison. Jhere were
heavy losses on both sides. While
this attack was proceeding, another
corps of Saloniki infantry encounter
ed a sudden attack from the artillery
in the Taxim barracks but these were'
only supplied with rifles.
Muksstar Bey, commander of the
Saloniki forces, felt dead and many
were killed or wounded on the first
Perhaps the most remarkable fea
ture of the attack upon the city was
the great number of people of all
nationalities, including many Euro-"
pean women, who thronged the
streets immediately outside the zone
of fire. Everybody showed that con
?dence had been inspired by the dis
cipline, valor and friendly courtesy of
the invading troops, particularly the
gendarmes of Saloniki.
The number of casualties probably
tvill never be knowi|, but_ it is esti
mated far into the thousands. Around
thc Taxim barracks alone it is be
lieved that a thousand or more men
fell. The private houses within the
line of fire suffered greatly. ,
In one quarter some 6,000 or 7,000
troops were engaged in the conflict,
but with the terrific exchange of
shots, few non-combatants were kill
At noon the batte ceased, and pre?
lautionary measures were immediate
ly taken by those upon whom victory
had rested, to insure the safety of
the residents. No disorders of any
kind occurred during the afternoon,
md no looting was permitted. Gen
eral satisfaction seemed to be felt
it the swift change from uncertainty
to constitutional order.
A cablegram of Sunday says: The
Fildiz garrison surrendered to the
Constitutionalist forces. The com
manders of these battalions began
sending in their submissoion to Mah
amoud Schefket Pasha Saturday night
md the whole of the troops protect
ng the palace gave their formal and
inconditional surrender shortly after
lawn. Niazi Bey, called the hero of
;he July revolution, is now in com
nand of the trarrison.
Sultan Abdiil Hamid has been per
mited to remain within the walls of
he Yildiz Kiosk, where in company
vith his ministers, he waited for
the outcome of the struggle between
ais loyal troops and the army of in
vestment, each hour bringing to him
vord of a fresh disaster.
Enver Bey, one of the leaders of
he young Turks, when asked how
nilitary men regarded the Sultan, re
lied: "We do not have an opinion
in that subject. The Sultan is in
he hands of Parliament. The admin
stration is tb uphold the civil gov
Turkish, French and English war
;hips are at other ports, and marines
lave been landed to quell disorders.
A'Washington City dispatch says,
he Turkish embassy has received
Dispatches from Constantinople
hat the houses and foreign missions
(embassies, legations, etc.), and the
lanks, as well as hotels, are guarded
>y the military so that there is safety
n the town. These measures were
m ly taken for precaution.
Miss Mary Curtis Lee, daughter of
?en. R. E. Lee, is in Turkish Capital.
Situation Grave in Armenia.
Beirut, By Cable.-The situation in
Lsiatic Turkey is , one of extreme
ravity. How many thousands have
een massacred cannot be estimated,
ie disturbances having been so wide
preatl. Latest estimates place the
umber of killed in Adana at approx
nately 25,000, and thousands have
een done to death in the towns of
ther districts. The state of siege
hich several of the places are unde
oing, has brought the inhabitants to
ie verge of starvation.
"Moje Tequop." .
iCoL Hugh Lr. Scott,- superintendent
of West Point, is credited with being
more familiar with the life and per
sonality of the American Indian than
any other living man. Col. Scott
has had the confidence of the Indians
with whom he came into contact ev
er since the day of his first service
In the army^at ?Fort Abraham Lincoln,
He was appointed a Lieutenant at
that post in June, 1876. Tn the round
of garrison dut.', guarding a cattle
trail through the Comanche reserva
tion and regulating "sooners" on pub
lic lands he made so thorough a study
of Indian customs ?nd languages that
he became the (best versed white man
In the intertribal sign language, by
which the Indian tribes speaking dif
ferent languages communicate with
one another. To the red man Col.
Scott 'became "Mole Tequop"-"the
man who talks with his hands."
HHHH M I-I-H-H-VH-X-M'M
THE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUSTA,
L. C. KAYNE, CHAS, K. CLARK,
President. , Cashier
Surplus & Profits $190,000.00.
The business of oar out-of-town friends
receives the same careful attention os tbat
.of our local depositor*. The accounts of
careful coDsev/atlve p?opie solicited.
H"1-M"M"M : I I I 'H-M-M^H
The Planter's Loan
and Savings Bank
Pays Interest on Deposits,
J* Accounts Solicited.
LC. KAYKf, OHAS. C. HOWARD,
PR Ea i DE.., 1'. CASHIEtl.
H-H-l-I-I-M-M'-l I 1 I M l I I \
1 now represent a strong
line of Fire Insurance
Companies and can insure
Your patronage will be
?rt. A. SMITH.
Before insuring else when
Old Line Companies.
Ai The Farmers ]
that runs like
a top, smoothly
edly. If an engine
bajks or 3 top s arid you
have to fool away your
time to find oat the cause,
you don't want that engine
because it means a waste of
time and energy. -:- -:- -:- -
E. J. N<
Light Saw, Lathe i\r,? Shin
gi? Mills, jtiudnes, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porra?
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
Wegrepresent the Best
Bank of Edgefleld
17 tO 20
ifiefid, ?. ?.
I. H. C.
are so prac
tical and so
simple that when
you start thom they
run until you stop
them whether you are
watching or not. Never
oat of repair; don't waste fuel.
Caji on us and we will gladly
explain the good points of the
I. H. C. engine, -.- -:- -:- -:- f