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.. . i.JLiJi -JE
.tWhsi autumn pins a scarlet badge up
" Ario' ?rets'lhe uttle'captive elves iron
And o'er the meadow-clover lays a ix
Jpon my1 hearthstone, wide and sm?(
Above a sturdjvoaken log with Crean
A td in the spaces new white chips ai
Th. n. when the early sunset leaves a
As ' ? ? faded poppy in a dark and w
And.. hurled against the slanted roof,
. From out the cavern waves aloft a s
A tawvy thread creeps up the pile ai
And thin a rushing gale of gold and <
Within its wobd-green undertones and
By some sweet mystery of dusk the a
And fair before me slants the sun on
Across their grassy terraces, bv zephy
The coreopsis squadrons march, in 01
And brilliant conflagrations of the Ir
In fern-set dales and hollows where t
Gleam oddly fashioned fungi, capped "
And feathered foxtail-grasses flash lit
? .. . ' . ? . .
With sudden burst of flying sparks th
Against the pillared portico the-ram,
A~loosened vuie, ?drip with rain, the
? seek mv strand of memory gems-b
And, with the trail of ruby stars thai
Th? s-/Ivan pictures vanish an a iilmv
Ey II Or EWE J
' .You know I. can't go, Burton. I'm
right in the midst o? housecleaning,
"Leave your old housecleaning, and
"Leave my housecleaning! What
are you thinking of? Do you suppose
I could go away with my house in
tliis condition and enjoy myself?"
"I don't see why not. It won't hurt
anybody or anything, and this is thy
first outing of the Engineers' Club
since our marriage-and you know I
.can't go without you-"
"You don't have to stay at home
on my account, I'm sure. What
would people say if I neglected my
house as you propose?"
"What do you suppose people
would say if I neglected my wife, as
you suggest I should at least appear
to do? Married six months, and al
ready away -fer a good time, and leav
ing her behind! You'd be proud to
nave such a husband-'brute,' people
v .would call him."
"Well, I suppose you'd oe proud to
have a wife that everybody called a
The voices were becoming gradual
ly more' sharp, the words more un
pleasant to tlie ear.
"What do I care what people call
you? I think you might consider my
pleasure once in a while."
"Consider your pleasure! Just as
.it I wasn't slaving here from morn
ing to night trying to keep this house
clean for you to live In, cooking your
meals, darning your stockings, doing
everything a woman eau to make a
man comfortable! And this is all
the thanks I get."
Tears were coming by this time,
and Burton Stevens hated tears. With
a great appearance of calmness, he
"I certainly never would have mar
ried you if I had supposed it would
make you so miserable."
"Wei!, I wish you never had," was
the quick retort. "I supposed I was
marrying a man of some feeling, who
would appreciate all J did for him,
but as it is, I wish I'd never seen
i This was a little more than.Stevens
could stand. He rose abruptly from
the table, grabbed his hat and coat
.as he rushed through the hall, and
passed on out of the house, slamming
the door behind him. .Whereupon
Genevieve dried her eyes and sat
back la her chair, "to think," as she
called it, bnt in reality to give way to
tumultuous feelings that surged over
her in recurrent waves.
i This was what ihey had come to
after just six months of married life!'
She had known that feelings changed
after marriage, but not like this
not so soon as this. Where was all
the love and devotion that had trans
formed their lives a few months be
fore? Once she had thought that to
serve Burton's breakfast would raise
.her to the seventh heaven of delight.
Well, she did en joy'that still. But
he was so unappreciative. He seemed
not to understand how she slavea-.
yes, slaved was the only proper word
-from the tims he left in tho morn
ing until he came back at night to
keep their little nest, as he had once
called it, spotlessly clean. Ke was
always coming home and wanting her
to.go off with him on some lark, and
he never failed to be put out when
she-could'not-go. He oughtto ap
preciate her self-sacrifice, but he
never did. He ought to. be thankful
that his wife was a good housekeeper,
'hut he was not.
Was it worth-while, after all? Had
she not been wiser to refuse Burton,
as she had done all the others, and
remain single, free to live her own
life, loved and- appreciated and ad
mired by her own doting family?
Here the tear3 of self-pity came
once more. If things continued as
they were', she ar d Burton would get
to hate each other in time. Would
they have to go on living together
and hating each other, or would Bur
ton some day get a divorce? She
shuddered at the thought. Divorces
were getting mort and more common,
but she had been taught to shun the
very thought of them as she would a
But she must get her work done if
her heart broke. The woman would
soon be there to go on with the clean
ing, and 3he must be ready for her.
Burton did not come home to din
ner. . A perfunctory telephone mes
sage informed he:* that he would be
detained at the office until late in
the evening. Genevieve nursed her
grievance, and was not her bright
cheery self even by the time they sat
down to breakfast next morning. Op
pressed by her chilly politeness, Bur
ton, in his tura; began to wonder if
"the .boys" were right when .they told
tim that "marriage didn't pay."
The same thought persisted in
Genevieve's mind for a week. When
ever she went out to an afternoon
social gathering, only the "bachelor
maids" seemed to be free to enjoy
themselves. They talked about par
?n the m?ple-tTe<*,
a milkweed prions free,
?th, thc beechwood bonghs are crossed
ty mold embossed,
id fringy bark are tossed.
red end,sullen stain ",
come spurts of spiteful rain
lender lilac plume;
ad trickles through the gloom,
ximson sweeps the room.
[ mauve and umber shades,
utumn bleakness fades,
bloomy summer glades.
.ange ruff and zone,
idian pinks are blown.
be skeins of mist are spn?.
ivith pearl and buff and dc?.
e silver in the sun.
? ' . . . ?. .
e slender forestick snaps;
g tempest taps;
ehold. it breaks in two,
t sparkle up the Hue,
blur of hlue.
Whitney Durbin, in Youth's Companion.
PEOPLE SAY ?
6-r i v
.JL. HEPSTJ?N. . .
ties and flowers ?nd drives and pic
nics; but the others discussed .the
trials of married life, the difficulties
of getting help, the unappreciative
ness of men in general, itnd certain
husbands in particular, and the aw
ful drudgery involved in keeping a
house. Genevieve had not, as yet,
reached the point of taki:ig part in
these discussions; she still kept un
what she bitterly called to herself
"the fiction" of being a happy- bride.
Eut when she thought of the years
stretching before her, laden with this
awful burden of drudgery that appar
ently oppressed every woman with a
t )me to look after, she wanted to
scream. How could she ever stand
it? How could she give up- all her
dreams of happiness with Burton?
They had planned to read together,
she was to keep up her music and
play and sing for him; they had
talked of rides and walks in .the sum
mer to come, when they were to be
But even how she was too tired,
when evening came, to read, and
went to sleep in five minutes if Bur
ton tried to read to her. She hadn't
found a minute for practicing in the
last three weeks. Would things be
any better when summer came, or
would she have to give up all those
plans as well? Honestly, what was
the use of being married? They had
had ever so much more fun when
they were engaged-and, yes, they
had seen more of each other than
they were doing now. Burton spent
so many of his evenings at :the office
that she seldom had more than a few
hurried words with him at the break
fast table. '
At first, Genevieve had been glad
when he stayed down town, and she
could go to bed early. But aa time
went by, she realized that they were
growing farther and farther apart.
What would the end be?
Burton, too, seemed to be unhappy.
His face showed her that, and she
was compelled to admit that her hus
band was suffering as well. What
would be the solution of their prob
"Where've you been keeping you? I
self, lately, Genevieve?" asked her[
father, in his cheery way, finding her
In the old home one evening upon his
return from the office. "We've missed
Genevieve had stayed away because
she feared they would discover her
unhappiness. Instead of giving the
real reason, she said: "I've been too
busy, father. You. know I have all
the housework to do alone."
The. swift 'onk of- penetration and
madness that her father gave her
startled her. "Come here, little
girl. Sit on my knee once more, and
let's have one ! of our o. * time con
fabs." Then with his arm about her
waist in the old, loving way, he be
gan: "Been out with Burton much
"No, father, he seems to be" too
busy, and I don't know as I mind that
as I'm generally too tired."
"Why weren't you at the Engi
neers' banquet? You went last year, j
and Burton has never missed it be
fore, I've been told."
"I was too dead tired. I was right
in the midst of housecleaning week,
"Didn't you know when the ban
quet was going to be?"
"Yes, but I had to take the womau
then or I couldn't get'her until the
very last of May."
"Would it have hurt the house to i
go a month longer?"
"No, but father, I didn't want peo- j
pie saying-" ; J
\ T?e flldi Him
9 .? -s3fc- O S G S -"^ ? Q<B* 9
No gentleman will wear anyt
00 At the close of the Civil
99 pajamas had not become gene
AA of Newport that this unhappy
33 It is a pity.
?A There was a freedom al
vg shirt, with its flowing tails, ti
??? to add to a man's moral stat
00 meut was never beautiful. Bi
99 to be. Men do not pace the sti
f)0 shirts, unless they have been
. 99 o? fire.
?A Every man should, when
33 of making himself as unlovel;
AA Pajamas db not accomplish tl
line, and when in bed give oi
2? being dressed for the evening.
00 The old fashioned night
99 reducing every man to the san
A bishop, ' accout'red in one,
99 prize fighter.
? ? And is there any man v
33 perience of standing in one
? ? furnace fire, shoveling in coal
v7 not recall with almost blindi:
A> sublimity he has reached upo
"My dear, do you care more"aD?uT
'people;' than you do about Burton?"
-But the -work?"
"Dp you care more about work:
than you do abp?t' Burton ? My dar
ling, listen to a f?w words of wisdom
from, your wise old father. Burton
didn't marry you because he wanted
a housekeeper;, he married you be
cause he wanted a companion, a com
rade. Doubtless he'd get soine one
j to do the work if hs could."
"He's always wanted to get a girl
, for me, but it seems an extravagance
' when his salary's so low and I am
perfectly able to do the work."
"But you make htm pay just the
same and something worth infinitely
more to him than money. Is it
j "Do you think we ought to have a
"Not necessarily. . Have you ever
studied the question of 'wise neg
"But, father, jurt think what
everyone would say, if-"
"Do you really love your husband?
Or is pride more to you than love?
Let me whisper a secret in your ear.
'What people say' should never come
botween two people who love each
other. Sacrifice your pride-just a
little of it-to your husband's happi
Genevieve was silent. And after
a moment her father went on, very
gravely this time.
"My dear, I have see many mar
riages spoiled by this fetish of house
work. A man always prefers his
wife's company to a spotless house.
Just think about that seriously, dear
Genevieve did think about it. His
words sank deep into her heart, until
finally she decided to' act upon them.
She could not make a great change
at once, but little by little she learned
to eliminate the unnecessary thing.
A simple:: breakfast, she found, en
abled her to appear at the table with \
an unfiushed face and an unruffled
temper-and E.urton never seemed
to miss his more elaborate meals,
though he brightened perceptibly un
der her more gracious manner.
She put away useless bric-a-brac, so
there was less dusting to do. She
gave up her plan of always having
cake and cookies on hand, and fre
quently substituted simpler deserts
for the customary pies and intricate
puddings. She did less sewing; wore
simpler clothes, and had less ironing;
used the sweeper instead of the
broom occasionally; let the windows
go unwashed for more than a week
sometimes-and was amazed to find
how well the home looked in spite of
She found herself sitting down at
the plano now and .then, and taking
up the old song. She even ventured
to sing for Burton one Sunday after
noon and was almost shocked at the
magnitude of the pleasure he evinced.
She stayed awake evenings, and once
suggested a call upon a nearby friend
that almost resulted In expression of
gr?tltude from her bewildered hus
band. - s
As, little by little, the old com
panionship was resumed, Genevieve
awoke to the enormity of the wrong
she had done both her husband and
herself. Vhis was life; this was
growth. Now they were really be
coming one, as they had once
dreamed of in their courtship days, i
Compared with this what wa3
housework but a false god that wom
en raised and worshiped, ofttimes to
the famishment of their own souls
and the destruction of the peace and
happiness of their loved ones. God
forbid that she should ever again
endanger the stability of their home j
by any such worship of idols. The
true Ideal is home-making, not house
keeping, Genevieve had learned, and
the motto to be kept ever in mind.
"Wise neglect."-Good Health.
Taxing Resident Aliens.
Americans who live abroad be?
cwise, having small incomes, they
find it cheaper there than at home,
will need to keep away from France
if the proposed law taxing the in
comes of resident aliens is enacted.
According to the measure now before
the Chamber of Deputies, foreigners
resident in France would be taxed on
the basis that their taxable income
was seven times the rental value of
their residences. The example of
France might be followed gradually
by the other European countries
where small incomes go a long way,
for they are all in need of money.-'
Called His Bluff.
"I'm in a pretty fix, I can tell you,"
said an Oxford undergraduate to hil
pal.toward the end of the last terim
"I wrote to my father the other daft
giving him a list of books I urgentlj
needed, and asking him to send nu
money to buy them."
"And didn't he?" asked the pal.
"No; he sent the books."-Tit
Of the 147,000,000 of Russia's pop
lation 100,000,000 are peasants.
l? ?light Shirt I
.fe.?-*cy?-*e> ?-?^?^?^?^?^? ?
hing but iMi'amas.-Men's fashions. V ?
War the practice of wearing
ral. It was only with the rise ?:.*
custom originated. ??
bout the old fashioned night
hat somehow or other seemed
ure. It is true that this gar
ut then, it was never intended Qv
:eet at night clt.d only in night 99
rudely awakened by the cry Q$
by himself, have the privilege* AA
y and comfortable as possible. ?a
his. They constrict the waist \A
ie the embarrassing feeling of
shirt had the grand quality of
ie level as his fellow creatures. 99
was no better looking than a ??
?ho has been through the ex- AA
of these garments before the
in the dead of night, who does A A
ng tears the heights of moral vy
n those occasions?
Care For Young Chicks.
Without doubt, the dry method is
the easiest, safest and most economi
cal method of feeding small chicks.
It is always a risk to the health of
young birds to feed moist mashes.
Experienced poultrymen have ob
tained very good results from feeding
raw or cooked mashes, but it will be
wisest course for the beginner to con
fine himself to the dry method, using
sound, sweet grain.
The chicks should be kept confined
close to the mother hen for the first
two or three days. For the first two
or three weeks the hen should be
kept shut up in the coop, letting the
chicks run free. Keep fresh water
in a clean drinking fountain where
the hen and chicks can reach it, also
keep before the chicks at all "times
a supply of chick-size grit, granulated
bone and charcoal. Scatter a little
commercial chick food in some fine
Utter,, and let them scratch for it.
Feed four or five timei daily, but do
not feed so much at one time that
they are not willing to scratch when
the next feeding time comes.
After ten or fifteen days the chicks
may be-gradually weaned from the
chick food, - and cracked corn and
wheat fed in its place. If possible,
always have a grass run, or'If that is
not obtainable, give a substitute such
as cut clover, alfalfa, sprouted oats,
It is very natural that chicks as
well as human beings should tire of
one bill of fare day after day, so it is
necessary to supply some supplemen
tary feed to stimulate the appetite
and to prevent the chicks from get
ting off their feed. For this there is
nothing better than cooked wheat or
cracked rice. The grain should be
boiled thoroughly, first seasoning the
water slightly with salt. Boll until
the grains are very soft and almost
. all the water has evaporated. Do
not stir any more than necessary
I while cooking, as it is desired to have
the grains as whole as possible. This
1 food should be allowed to cool before
feeding. When ready to feed remove
the amount you intend to give the
chicks and sprinkle a little bone or
beef meal over it, bone meal prefer
ably. Feed on clean boards and
spread sufficiently to give all chicks
free access to it without having to
trample all over the food. Give as
much of this food as they will clean
up in from fifteen to twenty minutes.
Remember to keep fresh -water be--.
fore the chicka all the time, and keep
the'drfnking fountains clean.-R. R.
Orchard Cover Crops.
The tests made at the Experiment
Station during the past five years and
reported, show Conclusively that
young, rapidly growing peach trees
are made hardier in wood and fruit
buds by the use of a cover crop that
will, by drying the ground somewhat
in late summer, check" the growth of
the trees and cause them to mature
their wood properly before the ad
vent of freezing weather.
Cover crops that survive the win
ter, rye, for instance, are detrimental
to orchards, as they dry the ground
excessively in spring when the trees
need abundant moisture. Cover crops
that are killed by the early frosts
are better tban those that live later,
because, as soon as killed, they stop
drying the soil, catch fall rains, and
check evaporation. For the past
seven years, at the time winter has
set in, the the ground in the Experi
ment Station orchards has been as
moist in the plats that grew frost
killed cover crops as in the plats that
received- thorough cultivation
throughout the falL Cover crops
that live until killed by severe freez
ing weather, oats, for instance,
sometimes keep the ground so dry
that there is danger of serious mjury
to tender roots should the following
winter be very cold.
Vegetation that stands erect does
not furnish as good direct protection
against severe freezing of the ground 1
as crops that mat down like a litter
mulch. Cornstalks, for instance, af
ford little protection against freez
ing when there is no snow, while a
cover of oats furnishes considerable
protection under similar conditions.
Cornstalks and other vegetation that
stands fairly erect hold drifting snow
very well, thereby furnishing excel
lent indirect protection.
Millet, cane and corn were the best
of the cover crops tried at the Experi
ment Station. Millet is the best of
all, except for the fact that, when
sown the latter part of July, it some
times ripens seed enough to cause
trouble the following summer. - R.
A. Emerson, in Southern Fruit Grow
Water in the soil is drawn to the
surface by what is known as capil
lary action. An ex?mple of the work
ing of this capillary force can be ob
tained when open tubes, having a
very small bore, are placed in a ves
sel of water or other liquid. It will
be seen that the level of tl-;- liquid
There is one thing that should be
said to the credit of the boys; they
never pretend to like people they
There are but two classes of peo
ple in the world just before an elec
tion: The angels who belong to your
party, and the devils on the other
Some men will take an awful lot
of abuse to keep from paying their
Some women cook for men as
though only women lived in the house
Md then expect the men to be satis
In a little country town, the ex
treme in fashion always looks fast.
Automobiles are like people; the
cheap ones are noisy.
When a woman says to her hus
band: "You know I haven't a hit of
jealousy in my nature, but I would
like to know, etc.,'' look out for
No one ever thinks I hat a boy may
in the tube has risen higher than the
general surface in the vessel. Sim
ilarly, if a piece of loaf sugar is
placed upon a saucer containing . a
small quantity of water, so that only
a fraction of the sugar ls immersed,
the liquid will be observed to mount
rapidly through the substance of the
sugar, until the whole piece is satu
rated. The ascent of the water is
also due to the working of capillary
force, and water in the soil rises to
the surface in the same way. The
following notes are extracted from an
article on this subject, which is one
of great Importance to the practical
cultivator, that lately appeared in the
American Journal of Agriculture:
Water deep down In the soil ls at
tracted, and drawn to the surface of
the soil grains there, the Toll particles
above them attract and draw the wat
er to themselves and up till lt reaches
the. surface. Once at the surface, the
air claims the water and it is taken
away from the soil by evaporation.
Soil particles not only have the
power of drawing water to them
selves, but of holding it as well. By
a simple mathematical law, the small
er the particle the greater propor
tional surface it has, hence the finer
the particles are, the more water a
given soil is capable of holding'. Also,
the closer together the soil grains are
the more retentive is the soil of mois
ture. For this last reason deep plow
ing for breaking up large masses into
fine grains, and heavy packing to
bring these grains into close contact,
are employed in dry farming opera
tions, and may be adopted in any re
gion,. In dry times, to make deep soil
hold large amounts of water.
The practical application of tho
principles of soil capillarity consists
in first loosening the soil to as great
depths as possible for creating large
surfaces of exposure, allowing the
soil to catch and imbibe as much wat
er as possible, if it be not already sat
urated, and then stirring the surface
frequently to prevent loss from above.
The farmer who understands fully
the laws of capillary action and so
handles his soil as to receive and re
tain large amounts of moisture has
mastered one of the greatest points of
successful farming. - Agricultural
Lawns For the Farms.
Why should not farm houses be
surrounded by well kept lawns? Of
late years farmers are taking more
interest in their home surroundings
than they did a decade or two ago.
Many a farm house nowadays is
adorned by a neatly kept lawn and
the only fault that can be found is
that there are not more attractive
farm homes. It was, until recently,
the practice to have barns for the
care of live stock much more com
fortable and attractive than the
dwelling house of the family. In or
der to have a nice lawn it is not
necessary to attempt extensive land
scape gardening. The life of a lawn
Is the mower, and the lawn must be
mowed because it kills out the weeds
and stimulates the growth of the
grass. If there are not already old
forest trees on the home place, some
variety of trees should be set out,
the kind depending upon the lati
tude and climatic conditions. Fruit
trees may be advantageously raised
on the country lawn, and they will
serve two purposes, as they furnish
both shade and fruit. The lawn
should have a few walks with flower
beds and shrubs to make it more at
tractive. There are many kinds of
roses and shrubs that can be grown
almost anywhere. During the win
ter months plans may be made for
the laying out of the lawn and for
the planting of the flowers.
To Waterproof Cloth For Hot Beds.
Linseed oil. one quart; acetate of
lead (sugar ot l?ad), one ounce; ros
in, pulverized, one ounce. Dissolve
thoroughly in iron kettle over a gen
tle fire. With flat brush apply hot,
to yard wide muslin tacked to 3x6
frames. The mixture renders the
muslin airtight and nearly transpar
ent. The cost is about one-eighth
as much as glass und the loss under
such covering is never serious.
The farmers of the country sur
rounding Shreveport .will this year
plant 250 acres.In peanuts, at the in
stigation of government officials, who
have recently come South for the pur
pose of testing the value of the pea
nut as a producer of fine oils. The
cotton seed oil mills, which are usu
ally idle during the spring and sum
mer months, will be equipped for the
Look Out For Bumble Foot.
This is a good time to examine the
feet of your old birds, and if you find
they are in bad condition take stefld
to cure them. Your cock birds espe
cially are apt to get bumble foot and
other foot and leg troubles, and a
little care just now may discover
these in their incipiency, when th?y
can be quickly and easily cured.
A pup is as friendly as ac andidate
two days before election.
Every man makes a different noise
when he sneezes.
We used to think that big railroad
men were about thc smartest things
that ever drew the breath of'life, but
lately we are catching them in a lot
of fool things.
There are many occasions to say
human nature should be changed, but
yon can't chance it.
Fear is a belief in your inferiority;
It so often happens that hy the
time one is well off in this world he
ls well on toward the next.
Carelessness causes more men
trouble than laziness and wickedness
"The mint" says a wise man, "can
make money without advertising, hut
no one else can."
The less a man has to clo, the more
he complains that he does not have
lime to accomplish that which ix ex
pected of him.
Practical Road Making. y
One of the most popular and prof
itable courses given by the University
Extension Division of the Univer-liy
of Wisconsin is thai in highway con
struction. The purpose of this course
is to give highway officials, and oth
ers who have the responsibility of
building and maintaining .public
roads in the State, an opportunity to
acquire a thorough and up-to-date
knowledge of the best material and
best methods to be.employed in their
work. Heretofore many of the offi
ciais charged "with road construction
and road maintenance have been
obliged to depend largely upon the
experience of the people in their own
town. These practices and experi
ences are naturally limited. The lo
cal knowledge has not been broad and
complete enough, and enormous sums
of public money have been wasted.
While this course was not given
until January, 1908, the results have
already become apparent in many
partB of the State in the better use of
the money given for highway con
struction. Citizens and public offi
cials of Wisconsin who have charge
of the work of making roads in the
State are taught without fee, and are
charged only the bare cost of the ma
terials which are used in correspon
dence, amounting to but seventy-five
cents. The course consists of sixteen
! After discussing the primary con
sideration of proper road location,
?road building is taken up. Under this
head are considered three elements
which enter into the making of a road
-foundation, drainage and surface.
These three things are very thor
oughly studied. Road maintenance
'ls also very? carefully studied. A
searching study is made of the vari
ous kinds of road machinery-points
bf efficiency and economy, in general
as well as the merits and demerits
of any particular machine. When
one consideres the enormous sum of
ijoney that ha& been wasted in Wis
consin in the building of roads and
the other wastages which have r?
sulter, from bad roads, it seems diffi
cult to estimate the value of this di
rect and practical method of aiding
the people of the State. It is but an
other illustration, however, of the di
rect and efficient ways in which the
university is endeavoring to help the
people of the State, upon whom it has
relied and must rely for its support. I
The Michigan law creating the
State highway department contains
specifications as follows:
(1) "Well graded road on which
the steepest incline shall not exceed
six per cent." (Six per cent.' means
six feet gradual raise in each 100
feet of length.)
(2) "Width not less than eighteen
feet between side ditches."
(3) "Wagon way or traveled track
not less than nine feet."
(4) "Properly drained."
(5) "Made in two courses, or ap
plied in not less than two layers."
(6) "Thickness specified in table
are measurements to -be equaled af
ter rolling, and after bonding in suf
ficient stone screenings in case of
macadamizing cr uss of crushed ;
(7) "Crcwr.inr; cf both shoulders |
and metaled traci: or wagon way to
be sufficient for shedding water quick
ly to side ditches."
(S) "Thorough rolling or thor
oughly rolled" is specified for Class
C., D. and E. roads; and rolling is in
cluded in specifications fer Class A.
and B. roads.
Summary.-All Michigan State re
ward macadam roads must be graded
and made not steeper-than six feet
gradual raise in each 100 feet of
length; drained; laid in two courses;
crowned; "rolled and watered until
it becomes so hard that pieces of rock
will crush beneath the i dler beforej
entering the road."
Cost of Oiling Roads.
A recently published report of the
Boston park commission is interest
ing. In 190G twelve miles of road
were treated with oil to keep down
the dust, and the result was so satis
factory that in 1907 the whole extent
of more than forty miles was treated
in this way. Mr. Putnam, the engi
neer, has carefully calculated the
cost, and he says that the annual
cost of sprinkling a thirty-foot road
way was $489 a mile, whereas the
cost of oiling the same roadway thir
ty feet wide was $375. In addition
to laying the dust the asphaltum in
the oil had a binding effect on the
surface of the road, and very .mater
ially lessened the cost for repairs, i
The oil is put on in an emulsion in
which fifteen gallons of water' is
mixed with 100 gallons of crude oil,
the whole being agitated to the prop
er point of emulsion, and then 150
gallons mixed with 450 gallons of
water and sprinkled on the roads.
The plan has given the very best of
satisfaction in Boston, and might be
tried elsewhere with correspondingly
satisfactory results.-Utica Press.
Breaking the News.
Patrick arrived muela th? worse
for wear. One eye was closed, his
nose was broken, and his face looked
as though it had been stung by bees.
"Glory be!" exclaimed his wife.
"Thot Dutchman Schwartzheimer
-'twas him," explained Patrick..
"Shame on ye!" exploded his wife
without sympathy. "A big shpalpeen
the loikes of you to get bate up by a
little omadhaun of a Dootchman the
size of him! Why-"
"Wist, Nora," said Patrick, "don't
spake disrespectfully of the dead!"
Not Biting Now.
Friend - "Don't worry because
your sweetheart has turned you down
since you lost your money. There
are as good fish in the sea as ever
Jilted One-"Yes, but I've lost my
INTERNATIONAL T.ESSON COM?
MENTS FOR MAY ?
Subject: Paul's xirst Missionary
Journey-Cyprus, Acts 13:1-12
-Golden Text, Mark 10:15-i
Commit Verses 2, 3-Comments.
TIME.-45 A. D. PLACE?-An
tioch, Salamis, Paphos.
EXPOSITION.-I. Barnabas and
Saul called by the Holy Spirit, set
apart by men, sent forth by men and
by tho Holy Spirit, 1-4. The church
at Antioch had five "prophets and
teachers" -worthy of mention - by
name. This early Gentile church be
came a fountain of light and life to
many other places. The Holy Ghost
spoke to them "as 'hey ministered to
the Lord and fas . " If we would
spend more time and strength In
ministering to the Lord and in fast
ing, we would have more frequent
and learer leadings of the Spirit. A
Spirit-filled mind rarely accompanies
an over-filled stomach. Greater sim
plicity in our living would be condu
cive to a clearer perception of the
mind of God. It is not said how the
Spirit spoke, whether in an audir'
vole?, or silently, in the inner
cesses of the heart, but Ho spoke in
an unmistakable way. Tt was no
vague, uncertain impulse sucn as
men sometimes call "the voice of the
Spirit." . He is ready to speak to-day, /
if we will supply the proper condi
tions and listen. It was the Holy
Spirit's work to call; it was man's
work to recognize the call, and net
the called apart for the work. Those
who ignore ordination by man are as
uhscrlptural as those who ignore a
eall by God. But it was "for the
work whereunto" the Spirit called
that they were to be set apart. Too
often we set men apart for a work
whereunf? the Spirit never called
them. Spirit called men are a great
need of our day. We have far too
many men whom men have called;
or. worse yet. who have called them
selves. Every step in that early
church was ta'cen in prayer. It was
prayer to which men gave themselves
so heartily that they withdrew them
selves even from their necessary .
food to pursue it (v. 3). The prompt
ness with which this church obeyed
the Spirit's command is worthy of
note. He had demanded the best '
and they gave them up without a j
murmur. They would have liked to -
have kept Barnabas and Saul, but.the
Spirit called them elsewhere, and .
"they sent them away." But. while
they sent them back of it all they
were really "sent forth hy the Holy.
Ghost."- Wonderfully suggestive and
Inspiring words these. With what ,
confidence a man can go forth when
he can confidently affirm, "I have
been sent on the errand by the Holy_
Ghost!" He may not know jusfr
where he ls going, or just what he is
to do, or just what awaits him. No
directions seem to have been given as
to where they were to go ; so they
made straight for the nearest port
md thence for the old home of Barna
bas (ch. 4:36).
. H. Triumph of Saul, flllod with!
the Spirit, over Ely mas. Full of all
Guile and all Villainy, 5-12. They
were true to their commission, "they
preached the word of God." Many a
man has been sent forth by the Holy
Ghost who bas afterward forgotten
what he was sent to preach; and so a -
mission that was divine in its origin"
has come to nothing in its execution.
If,there was ever a day in which their
example . needed imitation, it is to
day, when mpn are preaching any
thing and everything but "th> woFd
of God" (comp. 1 Tbess. 2:13; 2 Tim.
4*2). Opponents of the gnsnel. who
make great pretensions and do amaz
ing things, are not at all new. One
need not he frightened because men
who mako astonishing claims, and
who display extraordinary gifts, arise
to lead men astray. It was so In the'
first days of the church's history, and.
yet the church went right on, in face
of this apparently dangerous opnosi
tion. The "theosophists" and "Chris
tian Scientists" of to-day are no more
dangerous than the Simons and Ely
mas of early days. Spirit-filled men
were needed to oppose and confound
them then, and Spirit-filled men are
needed to oppose and confound them
now. The proconsul, Sergius Paulus,
gave good proof that he was indeed
"A man of understanding;" "he
called unto him Barnabas and Saul,
and sought to hear the word of God."
Whatever claims to prudence and
wisdom and cointon sense a man
may make, he is Bot "a man of un
derstanding," if he is not desirous "to
hear the word of God." Elymas did
not give up without a fight. The.
devil never does (2 Tim. 3-S). His
chief business is turning men aside
from the faith (v. 8: cf. Cor. 4:3, 4;
Luke S:12). But the opposition of
Elymas for all his marvelous powers
were vain, for he had rub up against
a Spirlt-fllled man. Paul had b?en
filled with the Holy Spirit soon after
his conversion (ch. 9:17). But now
a new emergency arises, and there ls
a new filling for the new need. Wo
ought not to be content because we
have once, or fifty times, kuown what
it was to have the Spirit of God como
rushing upon us and taking posses
sion of our minds, and giving us
words of wisdom, boldness and power
to utter. As each new emergency
arises we should cast ourselves upon
Him anew. Paul's words are very se
vere and very searching. They'ex
pose the depths of the infamy of Ely
mas. Plainness and boldness ot
speech is a characteristic of a Spirit
filled man ?Vcts 4:31; Eph. C:19).
Sicily's Wheat and Fruits.
Sicily was the "granary of Rome"
In former days. Wheat grows to an
enormous height, and the ears sel
dom contain less than sixty grains.
The rice is the finest on earth. I buy
lt at 10 cents a pound to make that
famous dish-"riso el buterro e from
agio." No other rice answers the
purpose. The most bountiful crops of
Genm3ny and France, of England and
Austria-Hungary, present to the Sicil
ian the image of sterility. A Sicilian
watermelon is a dream. It was the
original nectar of the gods. No Geor
gia rattlesnake variety ls in ita
class. Indian figs and alces are won
der'ul, the former serving 'as food
lu. the poor. The .pomegranate
reaches its highest perfection along
the southern coast, and is shipped to
all parts of the world under the
name of "p?nica,'' in honor of the
Punic war: It was brought from Car
thage into Italy by the Romans.--New
York Presf,. .j^jj