Newspaper Page Text
Oldest News?)a^ IH South Carolina.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., W
, JUNE 9nd, 1909.
TIT TTTOT/VTTO TH OTT AO
HERD OF GOATS.
Angora Herd One of the Most
Beautiful Sights Around
Edgef?eld. Go Out lo
One of the prettiest sights around
Edgefield is the herd of Angora
goats thafbelong to Messrs. J. R.
; Cantelou and J. H. Carmichael.
. There are goats and goats, and oonr
sequently those who have never seen'
an Angora should not confuse or
ponfound them with the common
breed that make the air redolent
with an odor not akin to that of
roses. The Cantelou-Carmichae
goats being: thorough bred an(
blue-blooded, refuse to associate
with ~the lower order of quaxU
rupeds called by the same name.
Their ;?ilky hair, or mohair, is long,
wavy, crinkled and curly, > having
the appearance of just being from
the laundry. All who have seen this
pretty herd of Angoras, compos?e
of twenty-odd old goats and thirty
six kids, agree that no. prettier ani
. mal (barring some bipeds) can be
The following is a portion* of an
article that recently appeared in the
Agricultural Epitorai st, written by
a large breeder of jkngora goats
showing how profitable it is to raise
? 'The mohair can be worked up
into sacks, shawls, mittens, and the
like, and the coarser hair of half
-breeds, three-quarter breeds,?etc.,
makes splendid saddle girths and
paddle blankets. When, we had some
coarser goats, about twenty years
% ago, we made 500 saddle irirths,
which the cowboys preferred to any
other girth, and they paid us 75
cents each for these girths. The
. merchants paid -us.$7,50 per dozen
for them. Out of the fine mohair
my,folk's made. some most beauti
ful shawls and capes, with long
silk-like tassels,, which they sold
from $3.50 to $'5.00~each. The meat
I sold to the people at five and ste
?cnts per po and, and the dressed
"ts I sold at from, $2.50 to $'5.0C
?eh. Besides all this we always had
?'?'Itt! ' '
?'nl-fo:* av?rai renters and
"~e neighbors. The kioney fat is as
good to eat 'as the best lard, and
much healthier. ITiemeat is about
the best tasting and cleanest meal
in the world. Taking all these: faotf
in consideration, it looks strange
that these beautiful animals are nol
raised, by every farmer.
v **There is only one % fault of,' OJ
objection to, these most valuabh
am i ri als; it is their inclination tc
climb over fences. This does no
amount to much now, since we havi
wire fences over which they neve]
try to climb or jump, but they wil
crawl through wire .fences if th<
wires are not tight, or if too wid<
apart. However, any hog proo:
wire fence is also Andora proof
They^pever j ump^ fences, but thej
love to climb over rofck fences an(
old low rail fences. Where they ar
kept among sheep they will hardi:
ever bother you about the fences.
"One of their main merits con
s i st s in their natural inclination t<
-live on brush and weeds, byN wilie)
they increase the growth of grasf
making the range support more o
other stock where they are. The
are not in the. least injurious, to th
range for other stock that are graf
eaters, such as cattle, horses an
sheep, because they never eat gras
.themselves as long as they find an
brush or weeds. Experience show
that grass will increase where Ai
gora goats are kept. Their man u t
consists of th e product from brus
mostly, which product is taken froi
I the depth of the soil and is of n<
much use *to the, grass; but thei
manure helps the growth of th
grass very materially, and as soo
as the Angoras have been kept lon
enough on th$ same range so th;
they have killed all the small?
brush to the height of six feet, wht
the sun can shine to the ground an
.the moisture be left for the gras
then the range is improved to
great extent for ali grass-eatir
stock. There is another reason wi
the farmer should raise . at least
few Angoras. This is (their at trac
iveness to everyone on the fara
They are in fact a part of the hom
especially the kids, for1 they ha
so much affectionate fearlessne
and cheerfulness about them, whic
captures the hearts of the wom<
and children, that we cannot he
but love them."
"You refuse me because I have
title," said the count bitterly, "b
I will relinquish it. I will becoi
a plain citizen."
"How noble of youl" respond
the American Heiress. '% too, fi
called upon to make a sacrifi?
will relinquish my fortune, and
Why, he's gonel'^Philadelpl
Strong Corps of Teachers Chos
- ea For Johnston Graded
School Beautiful Recep
tion, Two Marriages.
- Miss Clara Lalee is the guest of
her friend, Mrs. HerberfrEidson.
Mr. Hammond Etheredgc, of Sa
luda, was here on a visit last week'.
The Johnston Drug Company has
installed a beautiful and up-to-date
soda fount, which, isa most at
tractive place for the young people
during the afternoons.1
The members of the embroidery
club went over to Ridge on last
-Thursday and enjoyed a picnic with
other friends there..
Mrs. P. B. Waters is in Augusta
spending awhile with her daughter,
Miss Annie "Waters.
Mesdames M. . E. Norris and
Alice Cox will go to Columbia this
week to visit relatives.
Miss Dassie Stevens has returned
from a month's stay at Eulala.
One day last .week Mr. H. N.
Broadwater . insured his crops
against storms and /hail to the
amount of $1,000 and paid up pre
miums at the time. Late that after
noon a severe hail and rain storm
came and ruined his entire farm.
This was certainly a. lucky move on
thwart of Mr. Broadwater.
On last Thursday evening, at
6:30 o'clock, at the home of the
bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Har- j
risbn Scott, occurred the marriage
of their daughter, Miss Nell Scott
to Mr. Walter Derrick, Rev. P. E.
Monroe officiating. The marriage
was a' very quiet affair, only the
immediate families of the contract
ing parties witnessing the happy
event The bride is a young woman,
beautiful in face and character, and1
? the groom is a young man of'ster
ling worth and holds a position in
the bank here. The young , couple
have-taken up their abode with Mr.
; and Mrs. John Wright
One of the pleasantest affairs of
the past week was on Friday ev en
? ing, from 9 to 12 o'clock, when Mr.
and MTS. C. F. Peclnnan gave a. re
i$k?}?Qfr?jfrMpr, : ? - ??ir^fair; yo?i?g
visitors, Misses Adelle Mardrow.
Stella Burdge and Rosaoell Ped:
rink, and daughter, Miss Ella Pau
line / Pechman, who have just ar
rived from Converse college. About
75 invitations were issued and the
guests were received; with charming
cordiality. The interior of the home
waB decorated in ferns and palms,
and in a -pretty corner in the hall
way was arranged the punch bowl
where little Misses Ford and Fran
ces Turner served the incoming
guests. During the evening,, music,
both vocal and instrumental, was
rendered by some of the young
ladies, which was greatly enjoyed.
At 11.. o'clock, frozen cream with a
variety of cake was served. When
the departing hour came, all were
reluctant to go, but left with the
pleasantest recollections of the
The marriage of Miss Lucile
Busch and Mr. Willie Crawford;
both of Saluda, which took place
here on Wednesday afternoon at
the home of the bride's aunt, Mrs.
Emma Mobley, was a surprise to
all. Miss BuLch was here on a visit
and upon the arrival of Mr. Craw
ford, they decided to have the cere
mony performed here. Rev. M. L.
Lawson was the officiating minister,
and no one was present but the rela
tives. Mr. and' Mrs. Crawford are
both popular young people, and the
heartiest congratulations of their
many friends are being showered
The trustees of the /Johnston
Graded School met last week and
elected the, following teachers tc
serve during the coming year: Prof
W. C. Curry, of Spartan burg, prin
cipaLand as assistants, Misses Des
sie Stewart, Ethel Coleman, Eather
ine Boulware, Marie Copeland anc
Mesdames Lucia Latimer and M. A
Huiet. Miss Lillie Parish will agair
have charge of the music, and Misi
Lillie LaGrone expression teacher
Teacher-Now, Willie, how man;
months have 28 days?
Willie-All of them, and som
have three days over.-Boston Tran
? Katie, who had been taught th a
the devil tempts little girls to dit
obey, was left alone in a room for
time one day, with the admonitio
not to touch a particularly deliciou
plate of fruit that stood on th
For a while she bravely wit!
stood the temptation. Finally, hov
ever, her resolution wavered, an
she took a big red apple from tl
plate. She walked away with it, bi
before putting it to her lips wit
courage returned and she quick)
replaced the apple on the plate, sa;
ing as she did so, "Aha! Mr. Devi
I fooled you, didn't I?".
Beautiful Custom of Woodmen
of the World, Very Interest
ing B. Y.P Ur Meeting
-Yesterday, June 6th, was a nota
ble day. with the Woodman bf the
World. It is a custom of the order
to decorate the graves, of ' its de
ceased members on the flth of June
each year, and this, together with
the fact, that it places a beautiful
monument at the grave of its mern
bers,makes this order unique among
fraternal societies. No other order in
the world that I am aware pf, does
this, and what can be more beauti
ful, especially the placing bf beau
tiful flowers once a year upon the
tombs of departed brethren. When
nature has put forth her buds and
the flowers are blooming in fra
grance it seems a titting time to re
call che memory of those who have
stood with us, in the past; This the
Woodmen did yesterday, being as
sisted by the Modoc and Plum
I ranch camps, daughters of Parks
ville, who still honor and love their
mother camp. _
Sov. W. P. Parks was appointed
master of ceremonies, L. F. Dorn
leader of the singing, whereupon the
Woodmen were formed in procession
carrying the United States flag,
marched to the the cemetery and
placed beautiful flowers, arranged
by the deft Angers pf our lovely
girls, upon the graves of Sovereigns
W. A. D. Blackwell, J. L. Stone
and R. S. Blackwell, the latter a
new made grave. The ceremonies
were interspersed with singing, at
the conclusion of which, Sov. J.SM.
Morgan made a tender talk, recall
ing the virtues of the departed, af
ter which we were, marched into
the church, and Rev. L. B. White
preached a most excellent sermon
to the fraternity, taking as his sub
ject the good Samaritan, which end
ed a beautiful, as well as most im
Messrs. Bob and. (X I). White,
of White Town, Avoryhipped< with
us yesterday;. / '
|CTp(^il')iipt>T'" 'rmri" wood nj en v
visited Parksville ' yesterday were'
Messrs? C. Strom and Butler Strom
of Rehoboth. Plum Branch sent'
Mr. Widem?n, and Messrs. B. M.
Bussey, Cab Key, Press Parksman,
Wiley Crawford, Warren McDan
iel, Winchester Robertson, Mr.
Marshall, A. V. Bussey, Gordon
Boswell and others represented
Modoc in the decoration exercise.
! Miss Maggie Connors, who has
been teaching in Anderson, while on
her way to her home in Orange
burg, stopped over for a few days
with her sister, Mrs. J. M. Bussey.
She was an interested listener at our
B. Y. P. JJ. last night.
The B. Y^P. IT. had an interest
ing meeting* last night, subject
"With Jesus in the Garden." Mr.
W. W. Fowler gave us a good talk
on. "Avoiding temptation." J. M.
Bussey talked well on the subjeot
"Resisting temptation" and Mr. J.
C. Morgan gave sound words of ad
vice on "Enduring temptation." It
was a very interesting and pathetic
subject, and all seemed to enjoy the
We noticed as an interested lis
tener Mr. John Bussey of Colum
bia county, Ga. Mr. John Milton
Bell, of Augusta, ran up yesterday,
md spent the day with home folks.
He says he would be pbliged to
come once' in awhile, if he didn't
have a better reason, to get some of
Mother's transparent custard.
Miss Ida Quarles, of Modoc, is
visiting her aunt, Mrs. Ida Harvley,
of our town.
" We are sorry to report the little
two-year-old child of Mr. and Mrs.
R. N. Edmunds, as seriously sick.
The physicians think there is nc
possible chance of recovery. Ite
grand father, Mr. ,Tad Strom
spent two days with it last week
Our sympathies go out to the
Madame (who is, rather talkative
to her husband, who has been stand
ing silently before her for som<
time)-Well what are you lookup
at me like that for?
Monsieur-I. was only thinkini
how pretty you look with you
mouth s lau!
An Experiment in Theology.
Jimmie Irwin went to his mothe
on his return from Sunday schoc
and sard, "Mama, the teacher toi
a story at Sunday school to-day."
Mother-Oh, no, dear, I thin
you are mistaken.
Jimmie-No, I'm not. She told
Mother-Well, what was it?
Jimmie-She said that if I toi
a story the bad man would get m<
I've tried it twice and he hasn't ge
Children's Day Exercises to Be
HeM?-Stevens Creek Chur?h, Sun
day, Jjme 12th.
Recitation.' What is Heaven?
Recitation Only a Baby's Prayer
! Am So Glad
In the;Baggage Coach Ahead
What a Boy Can Do
The Sinner and the Song
My Mother's Prayer
y Children's Day '
In as Much
0 All Do Our Best
. Brave and Strong
Growing Up For Jesus
Go Work in My Vineyard
- ??ow's the Time
Bv Whole School
/ By Pastor
By Primary Class
us Loves Me Twelve Little Girls and One Little Boy
Bnilded On What We've Sent Up Lula Ouzts
What Will You Take For Me, Papa? Carolee Cogburn
Hattie Bell Cogburn
Eight Little Girls
Lillie Mae Cogburn
ill you sive? By Eight Little Boys and Girls
Adjourn for Dinner
Bv Rev. Mr. Heckle and Dr. C. E. Burts
j Special Sermon to Woodmen, at
Red H?l, Mn Busseys Can
nery Soon to be In
The farmers are delighted to see
the good weather this week and are
waging- anl energetic campaign
against "Gen. Green," who has been
marching steadily and stealthily in
to our territory during the rainy
weather. Wf " hope that the circum
stances will b? such that by Satur
day the victory will be decisive and
"Gen. Green'' will have been check
ed or completely subdued, so that
the victors can, together with their
wives and children or sweethearts,
enjoy a day ?of rest and recupera
tion at the picnic.
Considerable preparation has al
ready been ikade for the picnic and
work is still going on.
Mr. J. H. Bussey's canner has
arrived and we feel that a good can
ner, like this one in our- community,
may be used ito a great advantage to
us.-It is simple and. attractive, titted
with modem conveniences and,
used to. its nighest capacity, over
one thousand cans may be put up in
one day ano 'even with very few
hands a greafe?t'.al may be accom
plished in a Hfehours. What is the
use of tire? msekeepers baking
themselves ?v the stove, when
work of this kind can be done so
conveniently and pleasantly?
See Mr. ?juss?y and*find out what
terms he wit do your canning and
then plant more beans,toBOiatoes, etc.,
than you planted before. Tin cans
much - cheaper than the glass
jars and also may be used more
than once as well as the glass.
Mr. Fred Bledsoe from near
Johnston, was visiting a friend in
our town oi Sunday. (?)
Little Ell?n Prescott has return
ed from a visit, to her sister, Mrs.
Dr. Parker,) at Johnston, accompa
nied by Fred Parker, Jr., and Wal
Sunday being the annual memo
rial exercises of the W. O. W's the
regular preaching service was turn
ed over to j them. ? large crowd
was present? Rev. Sov. Littlejohn,
who is an enthusiastic Woodman,
made a few very appropriate re
marks about the good health the
members have enjoyed and the
growth of ; our camp, which now
numbers seventy-seven. Since its
organization something over two
years ago, ?we have had only one
death among the sovereigns and
very little serious sickness. He then
took his text from John ?lrd chapter
latter part of the eighth verse, "that
we might be fellow helpers to the
truth."'In a clear, forcible way we
were told that Woodmen and all
others ?hould be fellow helpers and
not "drewbackers." The Woodmen
'.l. isTell-She .admits,,she,made a mis
take m ma*?ying\a man olcFetio?gh |
to be her grandfather.
Belle-Tes she bad an idea he
would only live a few months, and
they have been married nearly a
year now.-Philadelphia. J
When Ambassador Choate went I
to England he made a reputation as
a wit with one joke.
He sat at the breakfast table be
side a sprightly young lady.
In England they serve soft boiled
eggs wrapped in a napkin. The
young lady fumbled and the egg
fell to the floor. I
"Oh, Mr. Choate," she cried in
dismay, "what shall I do? I have
dropped my egg!"
"Cackle, my dear, Cackle!"
Evidently the sermon of Rev. J.
C. Roper at Abbeville recently has
been worrying the Press and Banner.
Furthermore there must be a very
strong sentiment in Abbeville coun
ty against the dispensary. If it were |
not so, there would not be much
need for the Press and Banner to !
devote so much editorial space to ar
guments in favor of the dispensary.
The institution should go. The
people of that county who have suf;
fered it, now believe its day has_been
run. It was probably best for Ab
beville in the past, but it should now
go, and it is believed by many that
on August 17 the dispensary in Ab
beville county will close for good.
were compared to the "Good Sa
maritan" and also reference was
made to their duty to the family of
the sovereigns and the burial and
memorial of the deceased sover
eigns. After the sermon the W. 0.
W's joined by the ladies of the
Woodman circle, marched to the
cemetery and the usual memorial
exercises were gone through with
at the grave of deceased Sov. Bussey,
who was a member of Oak camp,
No. 81, at Parksville.
On next Sunday the grave of the
ate Sov. Wash at Rehoboth, thc
only deceased member of our camp,
We note that there was no 'writ*
up of the union at Rehoboth ir
your columns last week but as 3
feel sure that "Subscriber" wrote il
up and failed to get it in for publi
cation, I will write no more aboui
it but look for it in this issue.
We were glad to see such a gooc
report from the meeting at Oal
Grove and wish for them a stil
greater success in their work.
We hope to see the Editor anc
others from Edge?eld at the pienh
X. Y. Z.
R. F. p. Route Not Entirely
Satisfactory. School Library
at Long Cane. Fair
Having noticed in the Edgefield
Chronicle of week before last, that
an R. F. D. route was or would be
established from Edgefield to Jesse
Morgan's place, thence to Delphi,
and from Delphi to B. E. Sawyer's
place, then to Cogburn, and on to
Meeting Street. Then back byway
of Waycross to Edgefield. I fail, as
many others do, to see where the
proposed route can either better the
mail service or government. We
were proud of our mail service here
at Cogburn, and Delphi had the
same as we had. We get the daily
papers from Atlanta, Columbia and
Augusta or Charleston same day
they are printed, which I think we
cannot do by the R. F. D. service,
but will get them something like
24 hours later. The R. F. D. route
will also cut out several post offices.
There are several families north of
Cogburn, who will be much in
cony?nienced by the R. F. D. route,
as they will be forced to buy boxes
and pnt them from a mile and a
half to two miles from their homes
in order to get on the proposed
route, which I very much doubt
whether they will do, especially
the purchasing of boxes. As it is
now they hav? a place for their
mail and know they can get it when
it suits them to call for same. If
they want to register a letter they
know they can do it at any hour in
the day that suits their convenience.
Whereas, on the R. F. D. route
they must meet the carrier on the
spot and minute.
. There will be possibly a few peo
ple whose doors "the route passes
that will get the benefit of .such, ser-,
vice but the masses of the people
will be very much inconvenienced
by the 'change. The route proposed
is either coming in contact with the
Johnst?n R. F. D. route, or an al
ready established post office at every
point it mentions passing.-Of course
TCcle Sam will -do as -he pleases,"
land we?must do;as we can and not
say much about it either. I realize
that such change will give some a
good paying job, but it is going to
take the little mite that the poorly
paid fourth class post masters have
been getting to help pay for that
job, and then not get as satisfactory
service as we already have. I for
one and I think quite a lot others
are satisfied with what we now have
and are willing to let good enough
alone, if it was left with us to de
cide up this way. "So mote it be,
We have had lots of rain in the
past 10 days so much that there has
been very little headway made on
the farm, except to eat up a lot of
high priced rations and stand off
and see General Green overpowering
us with his forces. But we are going
to make a desperate effort to subdue
his forces as soon as the rain holds
up. Our folk9 up here are deter
mined to conquer all such enemies.
There is a goodly quantity of
corn yet to be planted around this
section, in fact some farmers
haven't planted any yet. The small
grain crop is nothing to brag on as
we see some good .spots of grain
about and also some that's real poor,
which will make the average quite
a medium crop.
Cotton is holding its own fairly
well. It had two leaves when it came
up and most of it has them yet. We
think cotton small for' the seas on,
and two weeks later than usual.
The weekly Sunday school servi
ces were held at Stevens Creek last
Sunday and at the conclusion of the
services the children had a rehearsal
of the work ass'gned them for the
second Sunday Children's Day,
which will be an all-day service,
with droner thrown in. I hope, Mr.
Edit?" r, you and yours can and will
be with us on this occasion.
Miss Anna Belle Morgan and
Miss Padget, who is spending some
time with her, spent a few days last
week here at Cogburn. We were
delighted to have them both with
us. They have be^-n teaching schools
near each other and are both grad
uates of the S. C. C. I.
Miss Tjizzie, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. J. Q. Cogburn, spent a few
days here in town with Misses Lil
lie May and Hattie Belle Cogburn.
Mr. B. W. Wright, of Rocky
Creek, spent last Sunday afternoon
with your humble scribe, which was
very pleasant to us and I trust was
the same to him. I am always de
lighted to entertain and hear a sol
dier of the late war between the
states rehearse the trials they went
through in the lost, not whipped but
overpowered, cause. God bless each
and every one of these dear old
veterans. May their last days bc
their best and happiest ones, and
UN d u mu u o ynuu0.
Many Negroes are Cocaine
Fiends. Efforts Being Made
to Enforce Law Against
/ While cocaine is said to be used
by a considerable number of,ner
groes in the towns and in the coun
ty, the evil " is not so alarmingly
prevalent as it is in the large cities. :
Such powerful drugs as cocaine are
much more harmful in their effects
thin whiskey, destroying the minds
as well as wrecking the bodies of
their r?ctims. Very few reputable
druggists violate the law prohibit
in g thc sale of morphine and co
caine, selling snch drugs only on
the prescription of physicians in
good standing. The illicit sale is
usually conducted through persons
who peddle cocaine upon the streets.
Occa8ior ally city druggists violate
the law, but such heavy sentences
are ?raro sed that violations among
established dealers are becoming
Last week an Augusta druggist
was convicted, of selling cocaine to
negroes , and was sentenced to con
finement in the county jail, for a
period of six months and to pay a
fine of $500. Upon failure to pay
the fine the term in jail is to be
twelve months. In passing sentence
upon the convicted man the pre
siding judge, among other things,
gave utterance to the following:
"I think the white man who
would meetv a negro 'on Saturday
after he had been paid his wages
hold him up and take his hard earn
ings from him would be entitled to
more consideration and respect than
the white man who would engage
in the business of selling cocaine to
him. I think that it is an evil as
dangerous, to the public, as that of
tuberculosis, over which the public
are now exceedingly aroused. I feel
that it is the duty of the public to
co-operate in suppressing it. I think
it is the. duty, of the court to enforce
this i law when violated and give .
such-u penalty that others engaged I
in a like business. will. te induced .to
tried the case recommended the d?
fendant to ?mercy. Personally I
think that twelve months upon the
public wor^s would be an inade
quate penalty for this offense. I
will, however, hear the recommen
dation of /the jury, and will, in /
view of that recommendation, and
on account of the children of the
defendant,' for the first conviction, /
not sentence him to work upon the j
public works. I will sentence him to/
confinement in the pnblic jail for
six months, and to pay a fine,of five
hundred dollars, including the costf
of this prosecution, and in defaul
work upon the public works for tb
term of twelve months." '
A Few Things Lacking.
"I got a box of matches," said th.
old colored brother, "an' ef I des
had a load of wood I could make
a fire, an' ef I des had a side of
meat an' a sack of flour, I could
cook 'um on 4at; fire, an' atter I
cooked 'um dey ain't no question
but what I could eat 'um, kaze all
I got at de present time is a empty
house an' a all'pervaden' appetite!"
No O vers tu dy In His.
Mamma:-Y n at?nd at the foot
of your <*u Wny Bobby, I can
hardie ?nink it possible!
Bobby:-Possible? It's dead
may they all after this life be pre
pared to meet these words from the
Master, "Well done, thou good and
faithful servant, enter thou into my
kingdom prepared for the faithful
and the true."
The school library at ?Long Cane
was turned over to the school
about two weeks ago. The young
people at once elected a librarian,
Mr. Stevens Cogburn being elected
to that position. They then decided
to meet once, every two weeks to
return books and get new ones. I
trust that this will be helpful to all
the young people coming up around
here. We will have a large school
in attendance next session, number
ing about fifty people. I think Mrs.
J. M. Bell and baby ar? somewhat
on the sick list at this writing but
we trust will be all right again ere
this is printed and reaches the peo
I will close for the present for
fear of wearying you.or taking up
too much of ydur valuable space
with such as I aBu- oapable of writ
ing. I certainly venjoy the letters
from the various sections each week,
in The Advertiser and hope, they
will continue to write, so with best
wishes for the comfort and happi
ness of The Advertiser family, I ara,
J. H. C.