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2? Elbert Hubbard
HERE tire three good reasons why all employes .should have
One ls so that the employer can see how easily any
body's and everybody's,,place can be filled; the next is so
jUxat w.len the employe, returns he can see how well he can
X^J ll .J?B spared, since things gc right along* without him; the
* I third ls so the employe can show the employer, and the
Fm JJ /employer can understand that the employe is not manipu
lating the accounts or engineering deals for his own benefit.
Many a defecation could have been avoided had the trusted man been.
*ent away two weeks each year, and an outsider put in his place.
Beyond these, the vacation has little excuse. As a matter of recuperation,
the vacation does not recuperate, since, as a rule, no man needs a vacation so
' much as the maa who has just had one. The man who is so run down that
lie needs a vacaUon can never adjust or reform himuelf in two weeks. What
ie really needs is to retranBform his life.
To work during the year at so rapid a pace tha?: in August one's vitality
fe exhausted, and a rest is demanded, is rank folly. What we all need is
enough vacation each day so that we can face each :aew morning with health
. sufficient to do our work in gladness. That is to say, we need enough of a
play spell every day to keep us in good physical condition.
The/man who ls done up and fagged out has not found his work. And
the man who lives during the year in anticipation of a. vacation does not de
serve one, for he has not ascertained-that lt is work, and not vacations,- that
makes life endurable. !
Tlie only man who can really enjoy an outing is the/ man who doesn't
need it. And tho man who keeps his system sp strong and well balanced that
lie doesn't need a vacation is the one who eventually 'Aw ill marry the propri
\ ?tor's daughter and have his name on the sign.- Before you manage a busi
ness, you better learn how to manage your cosmos. However, this does not
mean that I never take a vacation myself-I do, otherwise how would I know
the facts?-New York American.
A Dinner to an Ele*
Ey Lilian Sell ^
N what>proved to be the coldest night of *the year, a man,
said to represent a brand of wine he is anxious to export, en
gaged the largest stage in the world from midnight until the
next noon and gave an entertainment in honor of an ele
phant to which were bidden the men and women whose
HI lights shine mostly on the Great White Way.
These people were requested to come dressed as
- ! "rubes," in the hope of making themselves as ridiculous as
possible. But that was unnecessary, as the report of their
antics while the wine, represented by their host, flowed with increasing free
dom, did for them what no amount of caricature in dress could accomplisn.
Out in the cold of this same freezing night there ia a hread line. Station
ed at various places in this city are municipal free lodging houses. To these
flocked the army of the hungry and homeless, seeking for food and shelter
Xrom the bitter cold.
Of course, nobody blames a wine agent for advertising in any preposterous
vay he can. Nor does one blame his guests, who can find no excitement so
suited to their taste as the sort given at an elephant dinner-where no dinner
was-for going and giving themselves up an abandonment of vinous enjoy
New York Is a city of contrasts, and, In spite of the piteous tales of suf
fering, printed every day in the newspapers, the idle and the thoughtless con
tinue to give parties, fulR of spirited and sniritnous entertainment, where hun
Self'help for Country
By Maud Howe
HAT else besides assurance has the city woman that the
country woman lacks?
She has polish. Her manners are kept smooth by the
continual friction with all sorts and conditions of men and
women. More polish, more assurance, greater ease of man
ner; the average city woman has more of all these than
the average country woman. She is usually quicker
tongued, but not necessarily quicker-wltted. Her speech
comes more readily than her sister's from the country, but
ibr all that it may not be better worth hearing.
What are the influences in city life that make for this finer polish, this
greater refinement, this urbanity? What are the refining influneces In the
of Rustica's sister who lives in the city? ?
She learns something every day by watching her neighbors and the peo
ple in the streets. She has gone to the great school of the city. She can hear
the best preachers, the famous lecturers, the formost actors and musicians.
They all come to the city to teach her what they have learned of religion, sci
ence, music, art. The pulpit, the theatre, the art exhibition, the concert
room-these are the class-rooms of the city school of life. Cities civilize, pol
ish, educate largely from the outside. The dwellers in cities improve by imi
tation; they learn from one another-Harper's Bazar.
How Germany Saves
By IVilUum H. Tolman
EGARDING the accidents in the United States, it is the opin
ion of Lae engineering profession that one-half of them are
preventable. If so, the next question is, how? A conserva
tive estimate of the number of apnuiil accidents which re
sult fatally, or in partial or total incapacity for work, is
500.000. Reckoning the wage earning capacity of the aver
age workman at $500 a year (this makes no allowance for
the professional men, railroad presidents, industrialists and
ready for the ballot. Their day will come, but it must not
other high-salaried ofilcials who are Injured or killed by the
railway!*, mines, building trades and other occupations), we have a social and
economic waste of $250,000,000 a year. What we are thus losing in work ef
ficiency 'Germany is saving. "One billion marks in wage earning efficiency
annually we conserve for Germany through our sanatoria, museums of safety,
convalescent homes and other forms of social Insurance, bj' which we safe
guard the lives and limbs of our workmen and prevent the causes' and effects
of dieases which would lessen their economic efficiency," stated Dr. Zache?
director of the imperial bureau of statistics, in reply to my inquiry as to how*
much Germany saved every year.-From The Century.
Following. sea-legs, housemai l's
knee, bicyclists' hump and other phys-.
leal idiosyncrasies, Dr. Samuel G.
Walker has discovered what he calls
"motor mind." As we understand it,
briefly and untechnically, it is hav
ing one's think-tank filled with gaso
line.-New York Mail:
Angleworms may live fully ten
years, as has been shown, by experi
ments made in Marburg, Germany.
If a chorus girl fully made up for
the stage may for economic purposes
be regarded as a finished product,
can't a logical plea be made for the
free admission of raw materials like
paint grease and false hair?-New
The rubber output at Assam, India,
last year was not satisfactory in quan
tity-only 8346 pounds obtained from
642 acres, or IS pounds an acre.
Millions of Acres of Indian I
Settlement-Offer Homes *
Fanning, Timber am
Idaho, Montana :
Washington, D. C. - Millions of
acres of fertile Western lands will be
made available by President Taft for
bomeseekers during the next nine
imonths if be follows the policy which
has been laid down by the Depart
ment of the Interior. The settler
may make his selection in any one of
the three States of Idaho, Montana
and Washington. - .
It is proposed to throw open 2,
872,600 acres, comprising part of
five different allotments to Indians.
They include farming, timber and
I mineral lands, sufficient not only to
provide homes but wealth to the suc
I cessful applicants.
The sections under consideration
Include 310,000 - acres at Coeur
d'Alene, Idaho; 64,000 acres at Lem
hi, Idaho: 1,200,000 acres near Flat
head, Mont.; 153,600 acres near Spo
kane, Wash., and 1,145,000. acres in
the vicinity of Yakima, Wash.
Long ago it was decided that the
Indian reservation must go, the In
dian bs absorbed Into the civilization
cf the Aracrioan continent and the
districts set aside for him made avail
able for homes for sturdy Americans.
It ha3 been decided that the present
yea r is th fl timo to do this.
The readiness of the people of the
Seattle. Wash.-J. J. Hil!, chair
man of the' Great Northern Board of
Directors, discussing the recent wheat
"It ?3 a mistake to say James A.
Patten cornered the wheat market
It is merely a case of a man taking
advantage of an opportunity. It has
been b^t a few years since it was es
timated that the average consumption
of wheat per annum in this country
was 2ix bushels, but now the experts
argue that lt is seven bushels. The
census of 1910 will show that we
havo a population of 90.000,000,
which will mean that we will require
for our own use CS0,000,000 bushels
"We raise now probably C50,0"00,
000 bushels of wheat in the United
States: with good crop conditions.
EELi SOI. VES PH
His Tetrahedral Kite Will
Philadelphia.-Expressing the hope
that In the very near future^ perhaps
some time this summer, he will have
perfected a flying machine that will
revolutionize navigation of tho air in
at least two important particulars.
Dr. Alexander Graham Bell. Inventor
of tho telephone, detailed to the'
American Philosophical Society the,
experiments he has made and tb ose
that aro to come.
In his offert to evolve a perfect ma
chine Professor Bell wi?l leave the
aerodrome type of machine aud place
his dependence in what he has de
nominated the tetrahedral kite, a
kite tfhieh has the form of a hugo
triangle and ls cen: posed ot many
"AH of the machinas now in nse,"
the inventor said, "even that of the
Wrights, who lead the world Ju flying
raacjjind cMstructioD, Rick etPfbllity
In th& ?fe. Tnat H one fttuft Ancth- j
ta ?ml mt ^troa? fl?Mr fe the
Steel itrust to Drop Dealings
TTith Unions Altogether.
Pittsburg.-Notices were posted at
thc various plants of the American
Sheot and Tin Plat? Company that on
and after June 30 the company will
refune to deal with the Amalgamated
Association of Iron, Steel, Sheet and
Tin Plate V/nrkers. The company
the list cf the subsidiaries of the
United States Steel Corporation to
df-nl n'Jth union labor, and It is as
serted that the corporation hm: now
d'-olded lo drop dealing with the
Tbv Field of T<nW.
Tho jurisdiction of the Cigarmak
ers' International Union Includes the
United States, Canada, Cuba and
Boston (Mass.) Bartenders' Union
has made an appropriation for the
purpose i of booming Eoston as the
next convention city of the interna
In the Birmingham (England)
district the employers have with
drawn their notices of a reduction in
engineers' wages of one shilling a
week for a period of six months, so
that a strike is averted.
m by Berriman, in the- w ashington Star.
.ands io Be Thfovm Open For
ind Wealth-Include Rich
i Mineral Tracts in
each to go to the sections where the
openings,took place; which.is one of
the requirements, j
Almost all-the applicants for the
new lands come ff om east of the
States in which the new lands are lo
cated, but very few lestve the Atlantic
slope to try their ?fortunes in the
West. Twenty States, furnished the
greater part of the applicants last
year. Nebraska headed the list with
37,268 applicants. Till? ii accounted
for at the Land Office by the fact that
the settlers in Nebrina were pio
neers, and'while they havo been suc
cessful they have in .many cases in
sufficient wealth, tb establish their
sons in the high priced lands of that
State. This is true, porhaps in A les3
degree, of, the fertile State cf Iowa,
which is credited with . 32,413 appli
cants. South Dakota furnished 17,
124; Illinois, 7988; Indiana, 918;
Kansas,.6371; Kentucky, 153; Mich
igan. 726; Minnesota, 3020; Mis
souri, 6058; New York, 191; North
Dakota, 554; Ohio, 344; Oklahoma,
364; Pennsylvania, i90; Texas, 134:
Washington, 19; West Virginia, 19;
Wisconsin, 1778, and Wyoming, 3S.
Lands were offered last year in the
town of iregory, S. D., at not less
than ^1 an acre, .after,. having been
4-"Ltharratfi of $2.50.
Thi3 will leave us but 20,000,000
bushels as a surpluo^or export, while
in the past we have ?exported upward
of 120,000,000 busjiels. per annum.
So one can see tjbati we will- need all
our wheat to feed four OWL people.
Within the next AVA years the wheat
of Eastern Washington will be shipped
eastward to feed thp people of East
ern and Central Western States.
"And in considering these facts it
must be remembered that the number
of live stock slaughtered last year
was 1,000,000 few?r than the year
previous. When farmers of Iowa,
Minnesota and Nebraska can get
sixty-five cents a bimbel for corn at
the country station [they will not en
dure the risk cf hog cholera and the
labor incident to hog raising, but will
sell all their grain."!
Settle, Not Fan, if Shot to
fact that when an accident happens
to one of these machines lt falls to
the earth with extreme rapidity, en
dangering the lifo di the aviator. On
account of their ra?lc, bf stability in
the air the safety oE.'the aviator de
pends almost eat!
stable in the air, j
stratcd by repetiti]
aa accident it
upon his skill.
?ktie is' .perfectly
has been demon
tests. In case of
descend to tho
earth gently and smoothly as a bird
would. It could eijeu be broken in
half and still reach lb? earth in safe
ty. In times of w?.r??his would bo an
invaluable attribut^, as the kite
would be ablo to staad any amount of
Tt ls these two things that will be
the subject of the experiments this
I summer. Professor Boll has been
conducting his wort at his summer
hoaso in Braddock Nova'Scotia, a
SOJCH town on the si ore of Lake Bras
?'tfa anttbi l??mmondspart,.N. T.
CJiicago Bonds Order Special Cars
io Ran to Cemeteries.
Chicago.-Pians for funeral cars
for the surface linesjwe; o Eent to tho
officers of the Chicago City Railway
Company by Blon ,T. Arnold, chief
traction engineer. Kaste in getting
the cars has been precipitated by tho
carriage drivers' Btrike. The first
test on the surface libes is to be made
on the Calumet and South Chicago
Railway, cow operated by the City
Railway. They arel already used by
the Metropolitan West Sido Elevated
Admiral Evans says the Maine
should be raised.
At St. Petersburg Former Chief of
Police Lopukine was sentenced to
five years' penal servitude for belong
ing to criminal associations.
After simple services in Fairhaven,
Mass., the body of Henry H. Rogers
was placed in the family tomb in
Riverside Cemetery at that place.
Professor Jeremiah WT. Jenks, of
Cornell, defended college instructors
against a charge of being influenced
in their teachings by protected in
terests. -Li.- - -
THE NEWS IN BRIEF
I Items of Interest Gathered By
Wire and Cable
GLEANINGS FROM DAY TO DAY
Liye Items Covering Events of More
or Less Interest at Home and
( Engineer Flannigan on the New
York Central was making good speed
when he saw a child sitting between
the rails. He brought the engine to
a halt ten feet from the oh:ld but
wrecked a parcel of his freight ??ars
that had to be moved before he could
Joseph West is in th? penitentiary
at Dayton, Ohio. He has tubercu
losis of the knee. He is under sen
tence to be electrocuted July 9. Now
it is decided that the leg will have
to be amputated to save his life till
that date, and if amputated the ex
ecution must be delayed till the .leg
gets well enough.
In the recent riots in Philadelphia,
it was found that the fire department
with its hose could disperse a mob
more effectually than officers could
with sticks and pistols.
Mrs. Rebecca Burns died in Ohio
Monday at the age of 115 years. She
claims to have seen George Washing
The instant . that President Taft
touched the gold nugget button that
started the machinery at the Alaska
Yukon-Pacific evposition, the Mayor
of New York fired a gold mounted
pistol to signal the starting of six
motor cars from that city to the ex
position grounds, 4,000 mites away,
on a prize run for $2,000.
Robert Lincoln suffered a slight
sunstroke on Monday while attend*
ing the unveiling of a monument to
his father at Hogansville, Ky. Ile
could not take the three milo ride to
visit the home where his father was
Miss Alice Prout, a trained nurse,
st Pittsfield, Mass., lost her life last
Sunday from having a surgeon pad
so-red up in her when operated on
in January for appendicitis. .
A late test of Dr. T. Leary's anti
toxine proved so successful in the
cure of what seemed a hopeless case
of blood poison at Boston, Mass.,
recently, as to give hope that medical
science has risen to the occasion for
its prompt cure.
Some one who has studied the rat
problem has found that it costs the
American people $100,000,000 a year
to feed and thereby support the ro
A jury unable to agree on a verdict
last Saturday night, agreed on Sun
cutting off the boys head and direct
ed where to find the body. He was
almost lynched, but was discovered
to be insane, when the supposed
body of the boy was found to be that
of a dog.
A tornado swept up through part
of Texas, Oklahoma and striking
down in North Dakota killed G2 per
ple in the path of its fury last week.
Young Evans has been released
from custody under charge of killing
his antagonist "Greek Jimmy" last
Fifteen persons were killed in a
cyclone in Oklahoma city last Sat
James Kureaser, "Greek Jimmy"
Ryan was killed in a prize fight last
week in Savannah. He was knocked
down and the fall fractured his skull.
The Charleston News and Courier
informs us that President Taft gained
eleven pounds while in North Caro
President Taft in his speech at the
Gettysburg monument unveiling made
it clear that he would not favor a
reduction of the regular army.
Lieut. Alex. C. Davis has been dis
missed from the army for drunken
ness and gambling. He was doing
service in the Philippines.
Some friends gave President Taft
a draw ticket issued by the"Sandusky
Elks and it proved to be the lucky
number for a barrel of Sauerkraut.
It is now decreed that Midshipmen
at Anapolis must not marry until
after they have taken their two
year cruise unless perchance the rul
ing may be softened to those who
are sufficiently able to support a
, Foreign Affairs.
The International Congress of
Applied Chemistry recently held in
London, accepted the invitation td
hold its next session, 1912, in Wash
Madrid, Spain, is suffering a ty
phoid fever scourge.
Gen. Carlos Garcia Valez, the
Cuban minister to the United States,
declares that the Cuban government
is good and its finances in satisfac
Ex-Vice-Presideent and Mrs. Fair
banks met the Micado in Tokio on
Along with Ex-President Roose
velt's hunting in Africa he is writing
The American steamer Precursor
drifted for three days with a broken
rudder, with many of her passengers
! panic striken, till through wireless
I telegraphy a vessel was sent that
J towed it into Guyamas, Mexico, Mon
A Back-Water Town.
"It was one; of those sleepy, one
horse, back-water towns, like Squash,"
said Representative Burton, describ
ing at a Hot Springs dinner a town
that he disliked.
"Squash-is the Hmlt A gentleman
arrived there the other day and
wanted a hair cut. He found the bar
ber shop, and, after shaking the bar
ber vigorously, managed to awaken
" 'How long will it take you to cut
my hair, barber?' he asked.
m 'Not long, boss,' said the barber.
And he rose, yawned and stretched
himself. Then he called upstairs to
'"Hey, send the kid down to the
newspaper office to tell the editor I
wa~t my scissors just as soon as he's
done edltin' the paper. There's a gent
here waltln' for a hair cut.' "
HEM'-M H-I-H Il HI I WI
HIE NATIONAL BANK OF AUGUSTA.
L. C. HAYNE, CHAS. R. CLARK,
Surplus & Prouts $190,000.00.
Tbe business of oar out-of-town friends
receives the same careful attention as that
of onr local depositor*. The acoooots of
careful consev <atiTe people solicited.
(??!,I.,H ,M.?"M. H444W<4H
?Mill I MM 11 TIM H-H
ai\d Savings Bank
Pays Interest on Deposits,
J? Accounts Solicited.
CHAS. C. HOWARD,
RESOURCES OVER $i,ooo,ooo.
i noWj represent a strong
line of Fire Insurance
Companies and can insure
Your patronage will be
EX JV MC
that runs like
edly. If an engine
balks or stops and you
have to fool away your
time to find out the cause,
you don't wsnt that engine
because it means a waste of
time and energy. .:- -:- -:- -
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gi? Milla, Engines, Boilers,,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gin? and Press Repairs.
i, Wegrepresent the Best
Bank of Edgefleld
On ?1000 Insurance
are so prac
tical and so
simple' that when
you start them they
run until you stop
them whether you aro
watching or not Never
Caji on us and we will gladly
explain the good points of the
I. H. C. engine, -r- -.- -.- -rv