Newspaper Page Text
Oldest Newspaper In ?mith Carolina.
VOL. 74. EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22th, 1909. NO. 33.
ADDRESS BY MR. HARLEY.
The Superintendent of The Anti
Saloon League Addressed a
Large Congregation in
the Methodist Church.
The people of Edgefield have
heard from time to time of the effec
tive work that has been done over
the state by the Anti-Saloon League,
but prior to Sunday last they had
never heard the active and aggressive
superintendent, Rev. J. L. Harley,
speak of the achievements of this
great organization. He made his
initial visit to our county Sunday,
speaking at Trenton in the forer jori
and again in tho Methodist church
at Edgetield in the afternoon.
Mr. Harley stated at the outset
that the work of the league had been
misunderstood by some, lt is not a
political party but is composed of
men of all parties. Briefly stated,
it is. a band of Christian men from
nil of the churches', who through or
ganized effort are doing their utmost
to overthrow the liquor traffic in
every form. Every state in tLe-un
ion, except Mississippi, has an An
ti-Saloon League within its borders.
The speaker gave the Woman's
Christian Temperance Union full
credit for having made the existence
of the League possible, speaking of
the W. C T. ?T. as the mother of
the great organization which he re^?
The speaker stated how the very
signal temperance victory was won
in Georgia. More than twenty years
ago whiskey was voted out, but the
combined forces secured the re-es
tablishment of the bar-rooms. The
good women of the state then said:
'We will yet win Georgia for pro
hibition. We will rear a generation
of boys who will vote out liquor at
the ballot box." They went quietly
to work teaching their children and
when these boys attained their ma
jority they threw the saloons over
board by their ballots. Mr. Harley
is of the opinion that the Georgia
bar-room is buried forever.
' The speaker said he is not among
those who believe that the good
old days" of our forefathers were
botter than the present." To show
what a great evil whiskey was in the
days of the neighborhood distillery
andi cross-roads bar-room, Mr. Har
ley described the conditions that pre-~
vailed in the section of Barnwell
county where he was born. In the
days of his boyhood some ministers
imbibed freely, and officers in the
church operated distilleries and bar
rooms. The fight against the evil
began and as the battle was waged
victory after victory has been won.
Having aided very materially in
voting the dispensary out of fifteen
of the twenty-one counties in the re
cent election,the Anti-Saloon League
will now use its influence to secure
the passage of a statewide prohibit
ion law when the legislature con
venes in January. ' In all of the six
wet counties, except Charleston, the
majority in favor of retaining the
dispensary was small, and Mr. Har
ley appeals to the dry counties to
come to the relief of the minorities
in these counties. After the passage
of a state-wide prohibition law has
been secured the League will under
take to bring about a better enforce
ment of the law.
In his closing Mr. Harley called
attention to the effort on the
part of the brewers and distillers to
subsidize the newspapers of the coun
try, having paid henchmen in many
places to gather and publish false
statements concerning the failure
A collection was taken for the
support of the League at the conclu
sion of this very effective address.
"Well, my little man," said a
clergyman to the son of one of his
parishioners, ' what do you do in
school all day?"
"I wait till it's time to go home,
Brown: "Yes, I'm acquainted
with your wife, old man. I knew
her before you married hpr."
Smith: "Ah! that's where you
have the advantage of me-I didn't
Knows a Bad Egg.
Indignant Artist (in West End
Studio, after rather severe criti
cism)-You talk about a picture!
Why, mao, you never painted one?
How on earth do you expect to
Candid Friend-But, my dear
friend, I know a bad egg when I see
it, and I never laid one!-Tit-Bits.
"So he praised my singing?"
"Yes, be said it was heavenly."
"Well, something like that. He
said it was unearthly."-Lippin
Very Successful Grower Writes
Valuable Pape r on the Cul
ture of Alfalfa. Others
Can do Likewise.
Editor Advertiser:- AVhile we
have had a surfeit of. rain all dur
ing the spring and summer WP have
had a drought for the last few
weeks. Hence the fine rains we have*
been getting for the last few days
are very acceptable. They will bring
out the collards, potatoes, beans,
peas and late corn, and perhaps be
of some benefit to cotton. We can
now sow ruta bagas and prepare
our lands for barley, rye, crimson
clover,, vetch and alfalfa.
Well, we are in the alfalfa busi
ness, though on a >small scale -
'little boats must keep near the
shore.". The agricultural writers all
over the country have lauded this
very valuable plant much for the
last few years and have made a
mighty effort to get the southern
farmers to take hold of it. While it
is a comparatively new forage plant
to most of us, yet it is an old thing.
We showed the late Mr. Bacon a
bouquet of alfalfa and Oregon vetch
last spring and told him it was
something new. He ?ooked at it for
perhaps a second und said in his
laughing way: "You call this alfal
fa? Why, it's the old lucerne that
my grandmother grow on the sides
of her garden walks for her cow.'1
So there is nothing new under the
sun." Some of the parsons tell us
that many of those living in Bible
times had their conceptions of au
tomobiles and flying machines.
Alfalfa* or, properly speaking,
lucerne is, in reality, a very old
plant. It was grown in the old coun
try for many centuries before Italy
gave Columbus to the world. The
valleys of Media and Perpia are
said to be the home of the alfalfa.
It was growing in Gaul and Spain
where they were conquered by
Caesar, before the days of the Sav
iour. How or when it got into the
United States we have no knowl
edge. The first seed may havre been
imported or iK'migjit have come
through ri&rd-fy\nto Mexico
and from thence injbfl? t'&e United
States-. At any rak?fli? cultivation
of \x?r?t beganio3c- ;?ves?jand has
travt^Pe^s*^^^' .'ii?Sbna and
New Mexico ancPJfclfti^saff of Texas
and Oklahoma it grows luxuriantly
and spontaneously, and all w^est of
the Mississippi it is largely and
very profitably grown, though it is
only by careful and intense cultiva
tion that it can be successfully
grown between the A .lantic ocean
and the Mississippi. In all arid re
gions, though subjected to extreme
heat and cold, it seems to be pecu
Now. while indifferent as re
gards climate, alfalfa is the one
plant that is over exacting as to
soil. It thrives very poorly on a
neutral soil, and on an acid soil it
positively refuses to do anything
no matter how fertile; neither will
it grow on wet natured land or land
with an impervious subsoil. While
it is the nature of the plant to send
its roots down several feet into the
subsoil, where conditions are
favorable, it wilK not endure "viet
feet." A saturated subsoil causes the
roots to sour and rot so as to weak
en or partially destroy the vitality
of the plant.
To grow alfalfa sucfcssfully one
must know, first of all, the require
ments of the plant , and the next es
sential is he must know his own
land; and we may say thirdly he
must be willing to spend a little
money and exercise a little patience
and pride; remembering always we
have the climate, but have not an
ideal soil and it is up to us to make
it. The soil must be rendered alka
line by an application o' lime. How
much, we do notknow--it may re
quire one ton or it may require four,
but it must be a sufficient amount
not only to destroy any acidity, but
to render an alkaline reaction. The
average reader will attach but little
importance to soil inoculation with
alfalfa bacteria, and there are many
who will not believe that a little in
significant, invisible bacterium or
bug so small that ten thousand
could sit comfortably on the point
of a needle would bc worth a single
copper in growing alfalfa, yet they
make the difference between putting
money into your pocket or taking
it out of it. No amount of lime, nor
no amount of fert'lizer will ever
persuade the plant to put its head
above the sickle without the pres
ence about its roots of the alfalfa
We will make no apology for
giving your readers a bit of our per
sonal experience, since we have
nothing to boast of and merely
mention it to prevent others from
falling on the shoals upon which
we have tumbled.
Puring the summer of 1907 we
selected an acre of high dry upland
and cultivated it from July inti]
the last of September when we sow
ed it to alfalfa. The Heed bcd was
made from 10 to 12 inches deep ?lid
as perfect as disc plows, harrows
and cultivators and mules Cdild
make it, broadcasted with stable
manure and a large amount of a?iid
and kainit worked into the soil.
Rows 2 feet wide were bedded
and the seed drilled and also n
small amount of guano in with
them. There came a perfect staid
and it looked all winter as if it was
going to do well, but when spring
came it grew just high enough to
escape the mower blade, turned yel
low, and began to sprout out at the
roots again but did nothing. As
there came u p a pretty good crop
of volunteer oats and vetch we were
compensated, in a measure, for our
liberal use o:: fertilizers. In July
100S we began on the same plot to
repeat our former operations; The
disc plow? turned ont roots from
12 to 18 inches long, the tops of
which never grew higher than from
the growing of cor
gurate a Wheat ar
WHEAT : Ten
ty who harvests tl
A second prize of
largest number of
OATS: Ten Do
who harvests the
A second prize of
largest number of
The acre must'l
two separate piece
neighbors t?f-db lili
It costs you
to gain and nothin
of the agricultural
other business pro
3 to G inches. We limed the land
this time and worked it well into
the soil with a disc harrow, The
land was then logged and left until
sufficient rain had fallen to get it
well settled. Then the fertilizers
were distributed broad cast and
worked in, after which the land was
leveled and 20 pounds of seed soak
ed in bug juice sown broad cast
and harrowed in witlr an acme
harrow. Except in some small patch
es, the stand was perfect, and wo
have fairly succeeded, having cut
about 2^ tons from thc patch. But
mow while just upon the eve of suc
cess another trouble looms up; one
which wi possibly might have
avoided had AVG followed the paths
of some o.: those more experienced
in the business. Crab grass is an in
ternal, external, eternal and ever
lasting enemy to alfalfa until ad
vanced bejond thc experimental
stage. Our next cutting will be
pretty well adulterated, and we are
going to take the advice our grand
father once gave Mr. John Srayly
when the alfalfa enemy invaded his
potato patch, which, was i-o move
the potatoes to another patch. If
such advice was good before we
were born, it seems to us, that it
would be just as good afterwards.
We have carefully prepared and
limed another patch and will sow
just as soon as the land is dry
enough with inoculated seed. The
late Mr. Clark, of Higganem, Conn.,
who produced more hay to the acre
than any man in the east, advised
disking after each cutting, as a
means keeping objectionable grasses
out of alfalfa. We shall in future
adopt this practice and will never
use any unfermented stable manures
on alfalfa land.
Alfalfa is worth working for, and
there are thousands who arc mak
ing a success of it, though it is es
timated that 10 out of 20 who try
it became discouraged and abandon
its cultivation. It is certainly a most
desirable crop to grow. It comes in
the spring before anything else atid
yields from two to four tons per
acre, and is worth, as compared with
I other food stuffs, $30.00 per : ton.
. Tlie value of a' food lies in .the
; amount of digestible- protein ii eoii
1 tains, and alfalfa/ as shown by
i analysis, contains; 14 per. cent,*' 'oiif?;
} oats contain about 9.,.It appri hes
i corn and fodder combined TJrer
l than anything a. .farmer, :c ari ^i'?w.
It is wholesome, clean, decidedly
nutritious, and there is absolutely
. no waste about it. It: is very tender
and must be ra kepi, ip^ a i\ v.; hours';
after cutting and p?acV(L~r;kBi^??"
i cocks tlie next day.; to. cure.
While we have written more than'
will bc relished, we'^rill-sa?n tipVby.:
repeating some of the tis of
alfalfa growing: First,; high', .dry,
well-drained land, fu]l:ofr/^Umus,.i.s
wan ted. Th is m us t be f ree$r6m ^dele
terious seed and limed'. Great care
must be exercised inr;bnyaig seed,
for they are often v^^P^. and
the seed or the land m"_.... -/^-vcn?at
cd. Tins may be ,done ,bvf.getting
material from the agrie .iltural de
partment at Washington or,, .by get
ting soil from an .'old field.
t's Corn Contest has. .p??ve?,: such a su
n throughout the co?rtty traf, the editor
d Oats contest.
Dollars in Gold will be-giVe&\tp the f?rme
e largest number'p^u?^TOf wheat fror
Five Dollars .will be ^veiff'in?.ifarmer wi
bushels. '." :'.i?p,
.lars in Gold will be'.g^eu^he farmer
iargest number of- bushels- of oats fro
Five Dollars will be giygn^tbej-farmer wh
bushels. -i v._ .'
De one continuous "pi'fWnL'of. 'ground, anc
!5.. Select two acrjjs.'??SffiSiJor the cont
absolutely nothing to emiter this contest. \
g to lose.
i is constantly spending and being spent
interests of the county. When the farr
r THE ADVERTISER and keep informed as
The land must be put inso the very
best mechanical condition, well fer
tilized and thoroughly pulverized
zo a depth of 10 inches, and 14
would be better. It is best sown in
September or October and without
a nurse crop. It should be jealously
guarded and nothing allowed to
(ramp over it wet nor dry.
We close with this warning to
the inexperienced-Do not sow al
falfa on poor land; don't sow with
out time and soil inoculation.
0. D. W.
Meeting Street, S. C.
County Treasurer's Notice.
County Treasurer James T. Hims
publishes the annual notice to the
taxpayers of the county. The only
general increase is one-fourth of a
mill to pay the interest on the mon
ey borrowed from the Sinking
Fund. There is an enormous in
crease of fifteen mills in portions of
Blocker and Pine Grove townships
for the purpose of paying the inter
est and a portion of the principal
ot' the railroad bonds that were
fastened upon the people in the
'HO's. Citizens in these two town
ships who paid taxes on say Si,OOO
worth of property last year will
have to plank down ?15 additional
this year. They can stamp their feet
and say unprintable words but the
highest courts have said that the
property in these townships, or at
least that portion affected Iv the
bonds, is liable for this debt and it
must be paid. The Advertiser joins
with these taxpayers in their lamen
tations, for the writer indirectly
shares thc calamity.
The Mistress-Mary, don't let me
catch you kissing that butcher
The Maid-Lor' mum, T don't
mean to, but you do bob aronn'
Bibles in Every Tongu e.
According to the one hundred
?and fifth report of the British and
Foreign Bible Society, thc Bible
will soon be 'printed iii every lan
guage and dialect known through
out the world, says a London dis
patch to the Baltimore American.
Complete Bibles or portions of the
Bible were issued last year in 418
'different languages. During the year
six new translations were added to
the list. Besides these languages
?there are complete Bibles or portions
of the Scriptures made in embossed
.type for the blind in thirty-one dif
The number of Bibles issued by
the Society last year was nearly 0,
.000,000.. Of complete Bibles there
were 884,195; New Testaments 1,
.110,574, and portions of Scriptures,
3,98:5,842, making a total of 5,934,
Thc co I porters employed in the
work of distribution have an adven
turous life. Last year some of them
-were arrested as spies in Nicaragua,
robbed in Burma, bitterly mocked
by Social Democrats in Germany,
driven out of villages in Peru by
priests who burned their books, ston
ed in the Phillipines and beaten by
Moslems in Baluchistan.-News and
Meeting of Grove Lodge.
A meeting of Grove
.Lodge, A. F. M., will
be held on Saturday
afternoon next, Sep
tember 25th, at three
o'clock, for the regular transaction
of business. Visitors in good stand
ing arc invited. Refreshments will
J. P. I fag-?od, W. M.
J. ll. Cogburn, Clerk.
Called too Late.
Fm introducing a brand
vention-a combined talking
carpet sweeper and a letter opener,"
said the agent stepping briskly into
"Got one already," answered the
proprietor. "Fm married!"-The
Should Get Down to Business.
Bashful Youth-Miss Bella, does
your mother object to my coming
here so much?
Fair Channel-Oh, I think not.
I heard her telling papa the other
evening that you merely came to
pass away the time-you didn't
mean anything serious.-Chicago
Very Bright Boy.
A teacher in a western public
school was giving her class the first
lesson in subtraction. "Now in order
to subtract." she explained things
have to always be of thc same de
nomination. For instance, we
couldn't take three apples from
four pears nor six horses from niue
A hand went up in the back part
of the room.
"Teacher," shouted a small buy.
"can't you take four quarts of milk
from three cows."-Exchange.
JOHNSTON FLORAL FAID
Young People Return to Col
lege, Mr. Cobb Lost Valua
ble Horse, Dr. Brown to
Mesdames P. B. Waters, Jr., and
Dink Lott attended the W. M. IT.,
of the Ridge association, which was
held at Leesville oh 'last Tuesday
and Wednesday. Iii isscs" Lucile Mob
ley and Clara Sawyer represented
the Young Woman's Auxiliary.
Mrs. AV. J. Hatcher attended the
W. M. TT. of the Colleton associa
tion on last Wednesday and Thurs
Miss Essie Bartley has returned
from Ed gefiel d where she has been
Mrs. Jasper Bairtly will leave in
a few days for a visit to relatives in
Mrs. P. N. Ke?sec' and little Nel
son" are at home after a two months'
sojourn in Virginia.
Mr. James Inmann, of George
town, has been the guest of his
kinsman. Mr. J. M. Turner.
The young folks are returning
this week to the various colleges;
Miss Mamie Stan sell, to Ch i eora
College; Misses Ella Smith and Or
lena Cartledge to Columbia College;
Miss Elise Crouch, to Agues Scott
College, Georgia; Miss Ella Pauline
Pechman to Converse College: and
.Messrs: David and Willie Ouzts
and Earle Smith to Wofford Col
Mr. G. P. Cold? happened to a loss
on Friday last. Recently he pur
chased a very fine horse as a match
to the one he already had, and
driving tile pair over to Augusta,
he used them to bring a new hearse
he lia?] added to his establishment.
When within a lew miles of John
ston, his neu' horse, without any
sign of overdriving or sickness fell
in the harness and died in a few
Miss Lucile Cooner was here on
Saturday on her way to McCormick,
where she . will .teach* during"- the
Mrs. O. S. Wert/, has been visit
ing her son, Mr. Leroy Wert/, at
Belton, S. C.
Rev. M. L. Lawson went over to
Leesville on Wednesday to hear the
missionary sermon delivered by
Rev. Mr. Jones, of Augusta, at the
annual meeting of W.-M. U.
Last "Friday fright being the first
meeting in the new and attractive
hall of the K. of P., they celebrated
the occasion liv giving a smoker
during the first part of thc evening.
Final arrangements, with rules
and regulations, are being made by
the D. of C., for the chrysanthe
mum show which will be held the
last of October or the first week in
November. The names of all, wheth
er residents or not, will be gladly
received, the entry book closing one
week prior to the show. A parade,
or some other attraction, will be
had in connection with the show.
Mrs. Joseph Wright was critical
ly ill last week, but wc are glad to
state that she is much improved.
The new brick stables of Mr. A.
S. Rhoden will be started in about
two weeks, and will be an improve
ment on the old one. In connection
with this he will have an automo
Mrs. M. E. Walker and Dr. G.
1). Walker have returned from
Store your Shopp
Fall Offerings now reai
The swellest lin
nette coats and
Get your packages toge!
them ii? 1 to thc
Call and make ;
I THE J. WILI
824 Broad Stre,
Turkey Creek on Boom. Two
Fine Mules Nearly Drown
ed. Negro Boy Deserves
The dry spell has at last been
broken,' but too -late to benefit the
?Tops. There must have been very
heavy rains above - here, Thursday
night. Turkey creek rose very high
Friday and ruined nearly all the
corn in the low grounds. We had
a slow gentle rain and had no idea
that it would put the creek out of
the banks, else some of thc corn
could have been saved before the
creek got over it.
1 have heard that some parties had
no corn planted except on thc bot
toms. This looks strange, knowing
how uncertain or, treacherous Tur
key creek is. Some had their pea vine
hay cut and stacked on thc bot
toms und it was all washed away.
Mr. A. L. BrunsOn came very
near losing a pair of*goo?! mules in
Heaver Dam. He sent two negro
boys to the saw mill for a load of
lumber and they had to cross the
creek in the plantation. They saw
that the creek was up, but as it
hadn't rained very hard here,
thought of course they could cross.
As the boys drove in, the water
washed them down stream. The
driver took his knife and hung to
thc mules and went to cutting. Ile
held on to them until he cut them
loose from thc wagon, and even got
the bridles off, although the water
was teri feet deep and very swift
and the whole business" was going
down stream. He displayed good
judgment and "grit." The mides
took down stream. Mr; Brimson
(who had got there by this time)
and several negroes following him
they went down stream about a
mile and got out: The next day he
went down and found his wagon
and most pf his harness and got it
While one of the boys was .swim
ming fo"rlife:to get out and the, oth
er was doing all he could to save
the mules, No. 1 called to the oth
er, "to nofc to get careless and drap
his knife in de creek."
The dry weather and" high winds
have caused all the August cotton
crop to fall off which has not left
much on the stalk. The farmers in
the clay get more August than July
There will be inore corn made in
this community than for several
years but it is cut olf considerably
on account of the drought, and the
corn being planted late. This has
not been a "good corn year" with
Peas i>"ealmost a failure except
for hi?., xuia change in thc weather
v a cause the cotton to 'stop open
ing for a while, and allow us to
catch up with it.
Every one of is looking forward
to thc County Fair. We think this
will increase the interest in stock
raising' and good farming more
than anything else could do.
Mr. and Mrs. Willie Swearingen
visited the family of Mr. J. M. Tur
ner this week.
Dr. C. C. Brown, of Sumter, who
has recently returned from a foreign
tour, will bc here on Wednesday
evening, from thc association, and
will preach in thc Baptist church at
thc regular prayer meeting service.
iy for your inspection.
Hats and Shoes.
.e of Readv-to-wear
Odd skirts, Crave
Room for the Ladies.
:her here and we will send
: train for you,
yourself at home.
JE LEVY CO,
3t, Augusta, Ga.