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From September 25 to October 9,
U909, the,State of New York, under
the auspices of the Hudson-Fulton
Celebration Commission, will com
memorate with appropriate exercises
the 300th anniversary of the discov
ery of the Hudson River by Henry
Hudson in 1609, and the 100th anni-J
versary of the successful inaugura
tion of steam navigation upon the
same river by Robert Fulton in 1807.
The plans for the celebration have
'been formulated with a view to the
International, national, interstate,
State and local significance of the
events to be commemorated.
The people of Holland, under royal
auspices, have built a reproduction of
the Half Moon, to be presented to
the Commission manned with a crew
in the costumes of the period of
Henry Hudson. The reception of
this distinguished delegation, togeth
er, as it is hoped, with ships and ofil
clal representatives of foreign na
. tions, will mark the international
phase of the celebration.
The National Government will bo
represented by the Federal troops,
the United States navy and distin
guished civil officers.
An interstate participation cannot
. be avoided when two commonwealths,
like New York and New Jersey, havo
so much in common in their geogra
phical, historical, social and commer
cial relations, and the appointment
by Governor Hughes of fifteen distin
guished citizens of New Jersey upon
the Commission, as well.as the activi
ties of New Jersey boards of traie,
indicate that such participation is in
The State-wide observance of the
events has been provided for in the
preparations for commemorative ex
ercises in all the universities, colleges,
schools and learned societies through
out the State.
In the Hudson River Valley every
county seat from Newburgh north
ward is preparing actively for ono
day of local celebration.
In New York City and the Hudson
Valley south of Newburgh the feat
ures ot the celebration promise to
make it unique In character and of
lasting educational value.
Si ?tar Jay, September 23.
The observances will begin on Sat
urday, September 25, with the follow
General decorations of public and
private dwellings from New York to
the head of the river.
PROPOSED HENRY HUDSON Mt
752 LIVES LOST IN SI
The following table shows the dis
astrous results of expeditions to dis
cover thc North Pole, which Dr. Cook
accomplished without casulty:
Year. Explorer. Lost,
1553 Sir Hugh Wiloughby. 62
1554 Richard Chancellor. 8
1578 Sir Martin Frobisher.40
1585 Captain . Davis.14
1606 John Knight.,. 3
THE SPARROW IS A ft
According to an ' article recently
written by Dr. Philip B. Hadley, of
the Rhode Island experiment stition,
the English sparrow bas become a
serious menace to poultry raising and
the artificial propagation ol' game
birds in New England, says tho Prov
idence (R. I.) Journal. The doctor
claims that tho sparrow carries the
organism of coccidium, which pro
duces an extremely fatal malady
ANS WATCHING THE HALF MOON
Rendezvous of American and- for
eign vessels at New York.
' Fac-simile of Hudson's Half Moon
to enter the river, be formally re
ceived and take her place in line.
Fac-simile of Fulton's Clermont to
start from original site with appro
priate exercises and take position in
Visiting guests to disembark and
be officially received.
Snnday, Septcmher 20.
The Commission is of the opinion
that in arranging for the celebration
the people should not overlook the
divine guidance in the two great
events to be commemorated, one of
which opened up our State to modern
civilization and led to the founding of
the city of New york, and the other
of which laid the foundation for the
vast commerce upon which the pros
perity of the city and State so largely
depends. It has therefore set apart
the day for religious observances.
Monday, September 27.
Opem/igs. of exhibits of paintings,
prints, books, models, relics. The
exhibitions at the Metropolitan Mu
seum of Art and tha American Mu
seum of Natural History promise to
be the most remarkable of ;he kind
ever held in this country.
Music festivals will be held in the
evening in each of the five boroughs
of the city.
On some day or days of this week
there will be a remarkable exhibition
of flying machines. The Now York
World has offered a prize of $10,000
for the aeronaut who, with a mechan
ically propelled airship, sails over the
course from New York to Albany tra
versed by Fulton's first steamboat In
During the week it is planned to
FIRST TRIP OF Ft
have upon a great float in the Hud
son River opposite Riverside Park,
New York, an Indian village, in and
around which scenes in the early his
tory of New York will be enacted,
Tuesday, September 28,
On Tuesday, September 23, there
will be an historical parade in the
city of New York. The procession
will be composed of floats and mov
ing tableaux representing che princi
pal events in the history of the city
and State. This parade may be re
peated in Brooklyn on Friday, Octo
In the evening the official literary
exercises will be held In the Metro
politan Opera House, the great hall
?MORIAL BRIDGE. NEW YORK.
EARGH OF THE POLE
1607 Henry Hudson .10
1612 Sir Thomas Button.14
1619 Jens M?nk . 62
1631 Thomas James .14
1634 Isle of Jan Mayen Solllers.. 7
1C48 i.eshneft . 70
1719 James Knight.50
1735 Pronchistcheff . 2
1728 Behring . 10
1735 Lassinious .53
1739 Charlton Lapticr .12
?ENACE TO POULTRY
among poultry and nil game birds.
In writing upon the subject, the
doctor gives the following: "A new
danger has come by reason of the
presence of the sparrow about the
poultry yard. In the locality of the
Rhode Island experiment station over
BO per cent of English sparrows have
been found to carry the organism of
a coccidiosis, which produces a dis
ease called coccidiosis of fowls.
"This is the extremely fatal ma
lady which has now made turkey rais
SAIL PAST SPUYTEN DUYVIL POIN
of the City College, Carnegie Hall
and the Opera House of the Brooklyn
Academy of Music.
Wednesday, September 20.
Wednesday, September 2D, will be
devoted to the dedication of parks
DISCOVERY OF THE HUDSON-VIGN
and memorials along the Hudson Riv
er, and to general commemorative
exorcises throughout the State.
.The program for this day also in
cludes aquatic sports on the Hudson
R.ver. The races on this day will be
opposite Riverside Park, New York,
and opposite Yonkers.
Other features of Wednesday's pro
gram will be:
A reception to visiting guests at
West Point during the day, and an
official banquet in honor of distin
guished guests la the city of New
York In the evening,
Thursday, September 30,
On Thursday will ocour the mili
tary parade, participated In by the
j United State3 Army, the United States
Navy and Marine Corps, the National
Guard and the Naval Militia. This
parade may contain as many as 25,
Friday, October 1,
Friday, October 1, is devoted to the
naval parade and Incidental cere
monies. It appears to be practicable
for some of our naval vessels to pro
ceed as far north as Newburgh Bay.
It is planned to have as many vessels
of the navy, merchant marine, ex-1
cursion boats and pleasure craft as
possibls go from New York to New
burgh, taking with them tho fac
similes of the Half Moon and Cler
As the procession passes up the
river salutes will be fired from eligi
The memorial arch erected by the
Daughters of the Revolution at Stony
Point battlefield will be dedicated on
Simultaneously with the advance of
the South Hudson division, it is pro
posed to have a counter-procession
from Albany to Newburgh, the two j
divisions meeting and holding appro
priate ceremonies at Newburgh. Uri e
the Half Moon and Clermont will join
the North Hudson division.
1742 Behring; . 31
177:1 Lord Mulgrave. 8
1776 Captain Cook. 4
1819 Franklin (first voyage). 2
1821 Parry (second voyage). 7
1S25 Franklin (second voyage).. 4
1829 John Boss . 4
IS.'SG Pease and Simpson. 5
1845 Franklin (third voyage)- 125
184S J. C. Ross (search exped'n) 1
.1840 North Star Expedition. 5
1849 Plover and Herald. S
.1853 Rae . G
ing almost impossible in New Eng
land, and which is more or less fatal
to pheasants, as well as to other game
"The English sparrow may, there- '
fore, become a serious menace not
only to poultry raising, but to the \
artificial propagation of native game
birds as well. The English sparrow i
seems to be increasing in numbers in
the country towns and occupying
more ground than formerly. It eon- ?
tinues to drive out swallows, blue
birds and other species."
Saturday, October 2.
Saturday, October 2, ls designed
for a general carnival day In New
York City._, ? J :_ _
The .\ew York division of the naval
parado will return to its starting
rjETTE OF HUDSON IN LEFT-HAND
In Newburgh Bay there will be
In all the cities this will be pe
culiarly the children's day, devoted
to fetes in public and private parks
Tho celebration will culminate in
New York City in the evening with a
carnival parade. This feature, with j
its moving allegorical tableaux par
ticipated in by all nationalities rep
resented in the cities will, lt ls be
lieved, exceed in beauty and interest]
the most famous carnivals of Europe.
Brilliancy will be added to the gen
eral spectacle by the illumination of
the ilect and public and private build
ings and a pyrotechnic display. Dis
plays of. fireworks at various points,
notably on the great bridges as in the
fetes, of the 14th of July In Paris, are
A; 9 p. m. it is designed to have
a chain of signal fires from mountain
tops and other eligible points along
the whole tlver^^ilshted simul
Eeg;nnlng Sundny, October 3.
It is planned to devote the week
beginning Sunday, October 3, to cele
brations ,In the communities along
the Upper Hudson. This will bc
somewhat in the nature of an old
HUDSON MEMORIAL STATUE,
Kane Epedition . 3
Isaac Hayes . 3
Hayes (Grst voyage). 2
Hall (first voyage). 3
Hall (second voyage). 2
Pegetthoff . 2
B. Leigh Smith._ 2
English Expedition . 4
Jeanette (Dc Long).21
Andre (balloon) . 3
HOW THE FLY TRACE
Speaking rashly, there are no flies
in England; at least, there are so few
that the inhabitants do not think it
p'orth while to screen their dwel
lings. The reason is the simplest
thc tight little island is kept clean.
Fifty years ago flios were a nuisance
la England, (hough not the (plague
I hey arc herc, for no other really civ
ilized country was ever quite s?, dirty
?is thc United Slates of America.".This
nuisance is pretty completely ahatcd.
in 50 years England has been swept
home weekVj Beginning Sunday, Oc
tober 3, such, portion of the Lower
Hudson fleet/as can continue the voy
age to Troy/together with the North
Hudson fleet and the Half Moon and
Clermont, will be subject to the ar
rangements of the Upper Hudson
committee of the Commission.
Monday, October 4.
On Monday the naval parade will
be at Poughkeepsie, the county seat
of Dutchess County, and remain there
during the Poughkeepsie ceremonies.
Tuesday, October 5.
On Tuesday the naval parado will
proceed Jo Kingston, .the county seat
of Ulster County, while similar exer
cises take place there.
Wednesday, October 0,
On Wednesday, October 6, the na?
val parade will go to Catskill, the
county seat of Greene County.
Thursday, October 7.
On Thursday, October 7, the fleet
will continue on to Hudson, which is
the county seat of Columbia County,
and is named after the great explorer.
Friday, October 8.
On Friday, the 8th, the flotilla will
advance to the capital of the common
wealth, the county seat of Albany
County, and the oldest city in the
State. A statue of Peter Schuyler,
the first Mayor of Albany, has been
suggested as the permanent memorial
Saturday, October 9.
In like manner the naval parade
will advance to Troy, the county seat
HUDSON LANDING ON MANHATTAN
of Rensselaer County, on Saturday,
October 9, and form the nucleus of
the celebration there.
THE HUDSON RiVER.
The great river which Hudson ex
plored has had many names. It was
called Cahohatea and Skanehtade
Gahunda by the Iroquois, Mahicanituc
or Mahican river by the Mohican In
dians, and Shatemuc by other In
dians; Una Grandissima Riviera by
Verazzano (1524), whence Rio
Grande, Riviere Grande and Grand
River; Rio de San Antonio or River
of Saint Anthony by Gomez (1525);
Rio de Gamas by the Spaniards
(1525-1000); River of the Moun
tains by Hudson (1609), or Mon
taigne Rivier on Dutch maps (1615
1664); River Manhattes by De Lact
(1625), or Manhattans Rivier on
Dutch maps (1615-1664); River
Mauritius or Maurits Rivier from
Maurice, Prince of Orange, during
the Dutch period; and the Noort
Rivier (Dutch period) or North
River (English) to distinguish it
from the South or Delaware River.
Hudson's name has displaced all
these except the North River, which
ls applied in a limited way to that
portion of the river opposite tho city
af New York.
The Hudson River is very remark
able in several respects. In the first
place, for 150 miles of Its length lt ls
not a true river but a fiord. From
Albany to the ocean Its rock bottom,
with the exception of a few islands, is
below sea-level. How far below, ls
aot accurately known. Opposite
Storm King Mountain, where the en
gineers of the new aqueduct for sup
plying New York City with water
from the Catskills hoped to build a
tunnel under the river, they have
Dored a thousand feet down into the
iirt and sand that fill the gorge under
tho water and have not been able to
and rock bottom. The shore line at
Albany is at practically the sams els
ration as the shore line at New York,
ind the tide rises at Albany two and
?ight-tenths feet. This upward and
downward flowing of the tide, of
tvhich Hudson took advantage in his
voyage, had, of course, long been
aotlced by the Indians, who spoke of
the river with wonder as the stream
that flowed both ways.
The river ?3 also remarkable for
its great natural beauty. The dis
tinguished German surgeon, Dr. Adolf
Lorenz, while visiting on its shores in
1902, pronounced it more beautiful
'ban the Rhine._
Largest Natural Bridge.
Spanning 274 feet and more than
500 feet high, a natural bridge, said
'o be the largest known, has been dis
covered by members of (he Utah
Archaeological Socity, which has re
lumed io Salt Lake City from an ex
pedition along tho Celerado River, in
Northern Arizona and Southern Utah.
Thc bridge is located four miles north
)f the Arizona lino, in the Si ale of
['tah, six miks east of the Celerado
S ITS'TOOD SOURCE
and garnished, and the flies have
Thc fly has hut one supremo motive
in life, and that is-to move toward
Lhe strongest scroll. He enters the
muse because there arc more smells
nsidc than out, and once in, he fre
juents the kitchen because there arc
nore smells there than in the parlor,
rho fly docs not find its food by sight,
jut hy odor. No fly will ever sec a door
men and deliberately fly in.-Mc
?. S. ALONE CM SAVE STAIN
MEXICO CANNOT Sil!
r?es lor Assistance Comes From Repu
Children in Inland Towns Gr
Dead Now Placed a
San Antonio, Texas.-Messages re
ceived here indicate that the report
sent lo the State Department, from
Monterey, Mexico, relative to the suf
fering there is not an exaggeration of
the real conditions. The latest re
ports puts the number of dead as
high as 15,000 and the number of
sufferers and homeless fully as many.
There is a great deal of relief work
to accomplish in Northern Mexico.
Jn addition to the extremely heavy
toll of lives collected,- to say nothing
of the immense property damage,
hundreds of square miles upon which
there once stood happy communities
have been swept clear of both houses
and crops. For the survivors there is
nothing left to do but extend a hand
In quest of alms.
In consequence of the wide area af
fected the Mexican Government is
called upon to shoulder a burden for
which it is not prepared just at this
juncture. Thc Government has been
heroic in its efforts to relieve partial
ly the distress which is now greater
in the outlying sections rather than
in the cities which have rall connec
Anguish Greatest in Towns.
It is in these smaller places from
which the survivors must come on
foot that the anguish is the greatest.
Both wemen and children are starv
ing. Many have died while awaiting
the relief which the father, husband
or brother set ont to procure.
. Tor these peonle only the simplest
lund of food will sufPce. The Mexi
cans will find a great deal of nourish
OUR EXPORTS NOW /
That's the Total For the Last 120 Yea
-ifi/Iarturacturers' Big Share--!
Share Thty Ta?re Li Exports
Washington, D. C.-The exports
I of American manufactures for the
120 years from 17S9 to 1909, accord
ing to a report just made public by
the Bureau of Statistics of the De
partment of Commerce and .Labor,
amounted to $12,000,000,000. Of
this amount two-thirds were exported
within the last twenty years, and one
half, or $6,000,000,000, within the
past eleven years of the present de
The total exports of merchandise
from 1789 to date amounted to $46,
000,000,000, of which 26 per cent,
were manufactures, Steady Increase
has been shown in the share which
manufactures form of our exports
from 6.5 per cent. In thedecade 1790
1799, to 37.6 per cent. In the decade
ending with 1909.
Iron .and steel .products were not
recorded until 1790, when the value
BRIDE POISONED ON I
Dies After Two Weeks of
and Meld W
Parkersburg, W. Va.-A girl of
fourteen years, a bride of fourteen
days, was murdered, poisoned by her
bride.woom, is the charge on which
J. E. Sayre, of Richmond County, Va.,
was arrested here. She was Miss
The allegation is that Sayre gave
the deadly bi-chloride of mercury to
his bride, with whom he eloped two
weeks ago. He is said to have been
tinder the influence of liquor And not
to have intended to poison her.
The child-wife, the daughter of a
viinister, died here in a hospital after
horrible suffering lasting two weeks.
Mrs. W. S. Tr%lor Dies After
Illness of Only Two Days.
Worcester, Mass. - Mrs. Pauline
Lapham Taylor, wife of Willard S.
Taylor, prominent in thea..':al af
fairs, died of uraemic poisoning after
an illness of only two days. Her
death shocked friends here and in
New York, Newport and Boston,
where she entertained lavishly. Mrs.
Taylor was a crack horsewoman. She
defeated her husband in a race, tak
ing three straight heats with her rec
ord pacer. Peeler Patron, whose rec
ord is 2.09 %
J. P. Morgan, who has been enjoy
ing a yachting trip, returned to New
Former Solicitor-General Hoyt was i
selected as the State Department's ;
John T. Mccutcheon, the artist and .
cartoonist, of Chicago, went to Africa
to paint wild animals.
Governor Hughes, of New York, en-.'
tertained Governor Fort, of New Jer
Bey, at Saranac Inn, N. Y.
President Taft and Secretary Knox
began work on the new Far Western
bureau of the State Department.
by Berryman, in the Washington Star.
Ifi FLOOD TOS? ~
CC?8 ITS 15,000 SURVIVORS
Mic Across Our Oorder-Women and
eales! Sufferers-Number of
s l?igfl as 15,000
ment in the dried or "navy" bean,
and flour and meal do a great deal to
ward supplying them with sustenance.
Mexican Consular representatives
here and in other points of the State
have issued appeals to relieve the suf
A number of the Texas railroads
and the express companies have
agreed to carry free such supplies aa
may be sent to the relief committee
at Monterey, which is now most active
in distributing food to those places
where help is most needed and which
can be reached by railroad or over
land transportation. j
S3000 Raised by Women. ~
In this city alone more than $5000
was hurriedly raised by public sub
scription. Women of the city gath
ered supplies, both clothing and food,
and rushed several cars to the border
and Into the capital of Northern Mex
ico as soon as railwaj transportation
The Republic of Mexico also came
with a hurried response to the first
stories of distress. It is not suffi
cient, although the Mexican people
were as liberal as finances and condi
tions would permit. For this the peo
ple of Monterey made grateful ac
knowledgment, but the need of suc
cor is still great. Unless the United
States, which has always been "liber
al to those in distress," rushes to the
assistance of her near and good neigh
bor across the border, the increase In
the number of dead and the extent of
the suffering in the flooded district
will be frightful to behold.
?rs, Reports the Bureau of Statist'??
Steady Increase Shown in th?
--?ron and Steel Records. .
of the?e exports amounted to $117,
000. The milllon-dollai mark was
not passed until 1840, and from that
time forward a steady increase was
shown in manufactures of steel. Last
year a grand total of nearly $200,?
000,000 cf manufactures of steel ex?
ported was reached.
Tho total value of manufactures
exported during 1908 was $750,000,?.
000. Of this amount Europe re?
ceived approximately one-half, or
S3 68,000,000; North America,
$189,000,000; South America, $71,?.
750,000; Asia, $71,700,000; Oceana,
$40,000,000, and Africa, $10,000.?
000. Of the amount sent to Europe
$97,000,000 was copper, $55,000,000
mineral oil, $47,000,000 manufac?
tures of Iron and steel, $39,000,000
manufactures of wood, $17,000,000
naval stores, and $14,000,000 agri
cultural Implements. .
?ER WEDDING NIGHT.
It was on the wedding night of
the young couple that the young wife
wa? poisoned. The girl's parents ob?
jected to Sayre's attention because of
his alleged intemperance. They
eloped to this city and stopped at a
The young woman Instantly became
deathly sick, and her husband is said
to have left the hotel. The father
was summoned, and the husband was
not allowed to see his wife. For two
weeks she lived in mortal agony and
When it was learned that Sayre
was to leave town his arrest followed.
Villagers Declare That Miss
Brooks' Ghost Appears at Night.
Newburg, N. Y.-Highland, a vil
lage not far from here, in which Miss
Emma Brooks was slain on July 14,
ls stirred up over the appearance of
the ghost of Miss Brooks. Many
prominent persons declare they have
seen the ghost walking in the vicinity
of the house late at night. Lorenzo
Bragg, who worked for Miss Brooks
for many years, has occupied the
house in which she lived, but will not
remain longer because-of the visits of
Notes of the Diamond.
Bill Dlneen has not forgotten how
Pitcher Grover Laudermilk ls to
be farmed out by the Cardinals Xor
First baseman Dick HoblitzeL
the Reds, is pushing Mike Mitchell
hard for club batting honors.
The Boston Club has released
pitcher Tom McCarthy to the Hart
ford Club, of the Connecticut League.
The St. Louis Nationals have m^del
another trade. Charles, the inflelJ'jrJ
has been traded to Cincinnati lom
Mike Mowrey. fl