Newspaper Page Text
WIETTE MAN WITH THE COM
?DEB WHEN THE POINT
ort!. Sydney, C. B., Special.
vate dispatches received from
ttle . Harbor on Saturday, -which
ee Commander Robert E. Peary
just left on his trip south, give
her details of the daring ex
rer's dash to the North Pole. Thc
underwent many severe experi
in the far northern journey,
one occasion a party of five j
was caught in a furious bliz
and was missing for sevural
For a time, it was supposed
aotber time another member of]
tw"'expedition, Professor Ross Mar
in, of Cornell University, lost his
tfe by falling through the ice and
feiog> drowned while leading a sup
In view of the unfavorable condi
?n which Peary tells oi* the quick
ie he made on his final dash is con
ered all the more remarkable.
With the Commander's exploring
krty on board, the Roosevelt sailed
rom Etah Ford in the afternoon of
lugust 18, 1908, Peary says. Cape
ftbine was the destination. There
ere on board, in addition to his
|arty, twenty-two Esquimaux men,
?venteen women and ten children,
id more than two hundred dogs and
>out forty walrus. Ice was en
mntered shortly after the start. It
as not packed closely, however, and
it little difficulty, was experienced
the Roosevelt in ploughing her
Cape Sabine was reached and pass
wiihout a single mishap. It was
J>ty^ntil after the cape had been
Hissed that ice was again sighted. It
\s to thc northward, and the dis
Bvery of the floating bergs checked
K plan to set the lug sail before the
pitherly wind which prevailed. The
was quickly passed, however, and
far as Cape Albert there was open
ter. Between there and Victoria
Bad scattered ree was encountered,
thick fog added to the difficulties
^he boat lost her course,
ot until the^fog had lifted" was]
party able to ascertain its where
uts, the Commander says. They
bed on north past Cape Lupton,
in in ft southerly direction toward
[pe Union. Impassable floes of ice
ipped the beat a few miles off that
e, and they drifted back to Cape!
The anchor would n<^ ^pld, and to
;ent drifting south Regain they
t refuge for several days in
[ncoln Bay. Violent northeasterly
nds raged most of the time, remind
Jg him, Peary says, of his unpleas
ed: experience there three years ago.
The heavy ice piled up about the:
lip, twice- forcing them aground,
tie quarter rail was broken, and the
|dwari*was ripped open. Each time
ey pushed oat in an attempt ito
ntinue th^ voyage they were forced
|ick. by .the wind and ice.
Peary relates how finally, on Sep
mber 2, they managed to make their
lay around Cape Union.
*?hey steamed up the open water
ound Cane Sheridan. The original
lan was to mitke the trip to Porter
(ay, near Cape Joseph " Inlet, where
kary had winter quarters. Condi
gms were unfiivorahle, however, and
Roosevelt was again anchored
ar the mouth of the Sheridan river.
After a rest of a few days the work
transporting supplies to Cape Col
ibia was begun. Assisted by Dr.
odsall and Borup and the Esqui
ux Professor Marvin safely trans
ited sixteen loads of supplies to
?pe Belloe. About two weeks later
i same party started with supplies
Perter Bay. This work was con
ned until November 5. Various
ees, from Cape Colan to Cape Col
bia, were fully stocked,
peary says that October 1 he, ac- !
npanied bj' two Esquimaux, went
a hunt, returning in seven days
h fifteen musk oxen, a bear and a
sr. On a subsequent hunting ex
K?tion he obtained five musk oxen,
per members of the party secured
put forty deer.
Peary kept a diary of the going
i coming of all of his men. Ex
,cts which he gives in the message
eived from him, tell of Bartlett's
p to Cape Hecla in February,
pdsell, he says, moved more sup
Tfrom that cape to Cape Colan,
Borup made another hunting trip
time to Markham Inlet. Bartlett)
the Roosevelt with his division
February 15 for Cape Columbia
& Parr Bay. He was followed by
[?dsell, Borup, McMillan and Hen
?The temperature was below ?ero
len the start was made, and a
jng wind was, blowing the drifting
)w causing them great inconven
Lce. Several sledges were wreck
by the rough ice and the teams
r? sent back to Columbia for
Ten miles from Cape Columbia,
ich Peary says he christened Crane
Jty, the party camped. Despite the
fltfavcrablo weather conditions, they
issed the record of 82.20 made by
kirkham, the Eglishman, in 1876.
pen water, formed by the wind,
ought them to a stop. On the trip
Bartlett's third camp, Borup, who
4 returned, missed his way on ac
int of the movement of the ice.
Burrin also returned for fuel and
?11 this time, according to Pearv.
pl DISCOVERED THE 1
utland, Vt., Special-That both
Bfry and Cook discovered the Pole
he belief of Dr. William Stickney
this city, who accompanied Peary
his expedition of 1897.
[)r. Stickney says that if the Dan
people, who are more acquainted
th Artic conditions than any other
be, accept Cook's story he thinks
lex nations should do likewise,
fche doctor says Cook owed his
Sorted success to his familiarity
En methods of Nansen, the Duke of
the wind continued enlarging tho
atretch of open water, which waa
now ail about them. Bartlett, who
liad been stopped by a wide stretch
of open water, was overtaken at th-.;
end of the -fourth march, the party
camping there for seven days, from
March 4. For the first time since
October 1 the sun was visible for n
few moments on the afternoon of
March 25. Fiery red, it appeared
above the horizon, hut quickly dis
Marvin and Borup were still miss
ing, and Peary says he began to fee:
anxicus about them, as they were
two days overdue. In addition, thc
alcohol and oil, which they had were
badly needed. It was decided, Peary
says ,that they had either lost their
trail or were imprisoned on an is
land by the open water.
On March ll conditions were again
favorable, and the party started
northward, leaving a note for Mar
vin and Borup to push ahead by
forced marches. One hundred anti
ten fathoms were sounded by the lead
at this point. The march, during
I which the eighty-fourth parallel waa
crossed, Pearj says was exteremely
Three days later the party got free
of leads which were encountered,
and for some time travelling wac
easy. On that day, while the party
was making camp, they were inform
ed by a courier that Marvin was on
the way in. The temperature at this
time. Peary says, was 39.
The first mishap to any members
of the exploring party was discover
ed the following morning. Peary's
dispatches tell how he learned that,
two or three days before, McMillan'-;
foot had been frostbitten. Pluckily,
he had not said anything about it,
believing that he would come out all
right. The pain became too much,
however, and he reported to the Com
mander. There was nothing to do
MAI? SHOWING PEAKY'
but send him back to Cape Columbia.
With Marvin and Borup with them,
Peary says, he was able to send back
enough men and dogs with him.
The sounding at this point gave a
depth of three hundred and twenty
five fathoms. The sledges and dogs
were carefully selected, being loaded
with the best supplies. Peary says
he discovered about this time thct
they were over a continual shelf. ?
Sixteen men, twelve sledges and
one hundred dogs comprised the ex
pedition when the start from camp
was made. In the latter part of thc
march, which was considered a suc
cess, there were disturbing move
ments of the ice. In crossing one cf
the leads, Borup and his team fell
into the wat?r and were rescued with
difficulty. Finally the party was
stopped by a lead which opened in
front of them, Peary says.
Borup gave up at the end of the
tenth march, in latitude 85.23, and
turned back in command of the sec
ond supporting party. At that. time
he "ad traveled a distance equal lo
Nansen's farthest north. Peary says
that Borup was a Yale athlete and
up to that time had been making
headway in a fashion to compel thc
admiration of every one.
To reduce the liklihood of the dif
ferent divisions being separated by
open leads, Peary say6 he brought his
advanee closer together.
At the end of another march it
was learned by Marvin that they
were at 85.43. Owing to the slight
altitude of the sun up to this time
it was considered a waste of time to
stop for observations.
The going improved on the ne.tt
two marches, and Peary says that
good distances were covered. .
A lead held thom up for several
hours on one of these marches, the
party finally being compelled to ferry
across on an ice cake.
A new record was established the
next day. Bartlett, full of enthusiasm
started out early and reeled off
twenty miles before comiug to a halt.
Another satisfactory sight by Mer
vin here gave the position as SG.f'3.
This, Peary says; is between t;.>
farthest north of Nansen and Abrurzi
and eonvinfpd him thit thar h?ul etty
POLE SAYS DR. STICKNEY
Abruzzi and of Peary himself.
Peary, he says, is a man of pleas
ant demeanor, but of a quick temper
men t. The Commander regards the
Artic regions as his personal property
and was far from pleased when he
heard that Dr. Cook had entered the
The Eskimos, says Dr. Stickney,
cannot be depended upon to tell tie
truth. All of them know Peary, and j
the Commander would have them ont
his side because of his liberal gift?.
ered fifty miles of latitude in the
three marches. Nansen's Norwegian
record of 86.14 and the Italian record
of 86.34, by Cagni, were passed in
these marches. Marvin herc turned
back in command of the third sup
When he left, Peary, says, he warn
ed him that the leads were dangerous
and that he must be careful. ' From
this point the party comprised * nine
men, seven sledges and sixty dogs.
For the first time since leaving land
the party at this point experienced
difficulty in seeing. Peary blames
the hazy atmosphere, in which the
light is equal everywhere, for this
condtion. All relief, he says, is de
stroyed, and it is impossible to see
for any distance.
The only men to reach the Pole
were Commander Peary and one
Eskimo, Engin Wah by name. The
others, while members of the various
parties that left Cape Columbia, were
sent Back one by one as Peary drew
nearer daily to his objective. Mathew
Henson and three Eskimos, the only
other members of the reduced party
that made the final dash, were left
one maren south of the Pole.
The Final Dash.
Bartlett took the observation on the
88th parallel, on April 2, and then
reluctantly returned, leaving Peary,
Henson and three Eskimos with pro
visions for-40 days to make thc final
dash to the Pole.
Thus reduced the party started thc
morning; of April 3. The men walked
that day for 10 hours and made 20
miles. They then slept near the 89th
parallel." While crossing a stretch of
young ice 300 yards wide the sledge
broke through. It was saved, but
two of the Eskimos had narrow
escapes from drowning. The ice was
still good, and the dogs were in great
shape. They made as high as 25
miles a day. The next observation
was made at 88.25. The. next two
marche;; were made in a dense fog.
The :3un was sighted on the third
march and an observation showed
The Pole Beached.
The Pole was reached April 6, and
a series of observations were taken
at 90. Pear;; deposited his records
and hoisted the American flag. The
temperature was 32 degrees below
zero, Fahrenheit. The Pole appeared
as a frozen sea. Peary tried to take
a sounding but got no bottom at 1,500
Peary stayed at the Pole for 34
hours, and then started on his re
turn journey the afternoon of April 7.
On ihe return the marches were
continuous and Peary and. the Eski
mos suffered greatly from fatigue.
They had their first sleep at the end
of tho eighth march from the Pole,
in the igloos left by Bartlett. Here
there was a violent snowstorm.
On April 23 the party reached the
vertical edge of the land ice west of
Cape Columbi a The Eskimos were
delighted tu leach land, and the
party slept for two days. They re
paired their sledges, rested the dogs, i
and resumed the journey reached the
Roosevelt April 27.
Professor Marvin's Death.
Marvin left Peary on the way up
on Friday, March 26, to return to
the ship. He had with him 2 Eski
mos and 17 dogs. The story of the
professor's death was obtained from
one of the Eskimos. April 10 Marvin
was 4?5 miles fron. Cape Columbia.
He started on that morning, walking
ahead. The Eskimos wore delayed in
packing the sledges, u fact that per
mitted Marvin to get a good start on
them. When the Eskimos arrived at
an ?pen lead they noticed that the
young ice was broken about twenty
five yards ?ut, and they saw what
looked like a man's body floating in
thc center of the lead. Owing to the
treacherous condition of the ice, thc
Eskimos could not venture out. They
returned to the Roosevelt and re
ported. ' Captain Bari lett then went
back lo the point they designated and
recovered Professor Marvin's spare
boots, clothing and personal belong
ings, which were still on the ice where
the Eskimos had left them. The su
perstitions of their race prevented the
natives from bringing thc dead man's
effects with them. Professor Marvin's
roonriU nnd observations were saved.
Has a Third Man Found tho Pole?
Philadelphia, Special.-A third
man may be heard from any day as
having discovered the Pole, accord
ing to Henry C. Wetherill, the scien
tist of this city. He said he expect
ed a telegram any day from Captain
Joseph Elizear Bernier, a distinguish
ed Canadian explorer who has been
absent a year establishing his base
of operations on coast of Labrador.
"If he is not heard from soon,"
said Wetherill, "it will be because he
lost his life on the dash to the Pole."
Declares He Can Prove His
Claim by His Observations.
WOULDN'T TELL PEARY'S MAN
Evasive Rtply, He Says, Caused
Statement That He Had Admitted
Not Reaching Tis Pole-Peary
Admits Cook Could Have Succeed
On Board the Steamer Oscar II,
at Sea, Sept. 17, via Marconi Wire
less Telegraph to Cape Race, N. F.
"Tell the people of America to have
the fullest confidence in my conquest
of the Pole- -I have records of ob
servations made by me which will
prove my claim. I shall be glad again
to set my foot on American soil."
This was the brief message of Dr.
Frederick A. Cooli, sent to his coun
trymen as he nears home on the
steamer Oscar II, bound from Chris
tiansand, Norway, for New York.
Dr. Cook discussed the ass?rtion
of Commancer Peary that he (Cook)
had never reached the North Pole.
When he departed for the North Dr.
Cook said he left a depot of pro
visions at Annootok, north of ' Etah, |
in charge of Rudolph Franche and
several Eskimos. Franche had in
structions to go south aboard a
whaler and return later. This he
did, but missed the returning vessel
owing to a slight illness. He was
then taken aboard Peary's ship, the
Roosevelt, and proceeded North. :
Commander Peary found my. sup
ply depot at Annootok," Dr. Cook
continued, "and the Eskimos in
charge told him that I was dead,
which they fully believed to be true
at the time.
"Peary placed two men in charge
of the depot, Boatswain Murphy, and
another. Harry Whitney, the New
Haven hunter, also remained there.
Murphy had orders not to search for
me, but war, told he. could send
Eskimos northward the following
spring from the relief depot.
Whitney Given The Facts.
"When I returned from the Pole,
unexpectedly, Harry Whitney- was
the first to see :tne and to tell me
what had occurred. Whitney was
placed in possession of the facts con
cerning my journey to the Pole on
condition that he would not inform
Commodore Peary or his men of
them. At the same time the Eskimos
who had accompanied me north were
told to maintain the strictest silence.
"When I went into the depot there
was a dispute between myslf and
Murphy, who delivered to me written
instructions he had received from
Peary, although he himself could
neither real nor write. These in
structions showed that he was mak
ing a trading station of my depot, the
contents of which had been used in j
trading for furs and skins."
Dr. Cook said he was intensely an
noyed at this alleged wrongful use
of his supplies and threatened to
kick out Murphy and his companions.
Finally, however, he consented to
their remaining at the depot, hs there
was no other shelter in the vicinity
"On one occasion "Murphy*asked
me abruptly, 'Have you been beyond
87 degree?" Dr. Cook said. "But
was determined not to let Peary
know of my movements, and replied
evasively that I had been much far
ther north. From this statement has
been concocted - the declaration that
I had said that I had not reached the
Dr. Cook declared that neither
Harry Whitney nor his (Cook's) re
cords are on board the steamer
Roosevelt and that therefore Peary's
information concerning him emanated
from Boatswain Murphy, who knew
nothing of his movements. Dr. Cook
said also that he had made arrange
ments for the two Eskimos who went
with him to the Pole and Knud Ras
mussen, whom he met in Greenland,
to go to Now York and confirm the
story of his discovery.
Dr. Cook is :horoughly enjoying
his rest aboard ship after the strenu
ous days at; Copenhagen. He sleeps
10 hours each night and spends a
long time daily in writing and in
walking the decks and conversing
with the American passengers, who
have all been formally presented to
him by Benjamin Trueblood, presi
dent of the American Peace Society
All the passengers are impressed
by the sincerity of Dr. Cook, as in
dicated by his conversing with them
in regard to his discovery of thc pole.
He said thar the Danes, with whom
he lived for several months, are ac
quainted with the whole story of his
exploit; that he also has provided the
Danish government with the fullest
proofs of his achievements and that
he is now prepared to lay these
proofs before a competent body in
Dr. Cook expressed astonishment
that the news of the discovery of the
pole had created such a sensation;
and is anxious lo learn what specific
declaration!; Commander Peary has
made to minimize his exploit in or
der that ho may formulate replies to
them. It is his hope that he will
arrive in New York before Comman
der Peary '.rets ;here.
In a lecture in the saloon of thc
steamer Dr. Cook, with the aid of a
maj) drawi. by an engineer, gave an
outline of Iiis route to the-pole.
"Thc journej' was nothing really
wonderful," he said, "I used no new
devices or inventions. I had how
ever, every necessary instrument,
kept these to pure necessities.
"The reason for ray success is that
I returned to the prinu'ive life-in
fact, becar.ie a savage- -crificed all
comforts to the race 1 the pole."
The Eskimos genera kept up
their courage, but Ahw , two days
before we reached the " , despaired
and said ' It is good t<- -, ; it is im
possible til go beyond. ' iowever, I
-- nimwiiiMii? IM i.i. i mi.nm MU i
cheered, him up and he nov?r coi
plained afterward, undergoing
hardiships with cheerfulness."
The long winter night was utiliz
by Dr. Cook in writing. He used
primitive stone writing desk and L
prone while at work with his man
script. Meanwhile the Eskimos se'
ed and sang. The temperature in t
snow hut was rarely above the free
ing point. Pol?r bears abounds
making exits from the hut dangeroi
Has Confidence in Cook.
Zurich, Switzerland, September 1
-Dr. DeQuervain, chief of the Swi
scientific expedition to Greenlan
who was the first European to me
Dr. Cook in Greenland after tl
American explorer returned from tl
north, and to hear his narative <
the discovery of the North Pole, hi
arrived here. Dr. DcQuervain sa;
that after having tested Cook's fii
ures and statements to him he is coi
vjneed that Cook reached the Norl
Activity on Roosevelt.
Battle*Harbor, Labrador, Septen
ber 17-via Marconi wireless.-Aft<
a week of rest ipr the crew of tl
Artic steamer Roosevelt, on board (
which Commander Robert E. Pear
is making his way south.'there i
bustle and activity on all sides s
the men put the finishing touches t
the vessel preparatory for the sta]
One of the first things Commande
Peary did was to go to the quarte
deck of the Roosevelt and face
battery of cameras.
When the pictures had been take
Commander Peary and the newspf
per reporters all went ashore, whei
the explorer became the target fe
a broadside of questions. Peary sa
with his back to the single window i
the gable end of the attic, the news
jjaper men grouped in front of bin
Some of them were mounted on pile
oafish nets, others were seated oi
barrels and a number squatted on th
floor. In addition, the crews of th
steamers and sailing vessels in pori
the local merchants and fishermen an
and a gathering of small boys, fille
the rude hall and listened to wha
might be termed Commander Peary'
first public lecture since his retun
from the pole.
In explaining to the nowspape
men what he considered the scientific
value of polar exploratiou, Comman
der Peary said he had taken sound
ings of the sea from Cape Sheridai
to the pole which supplemented sim
ilar data taken on the other side ty
Nansen and Sagni. Continuing, hi
argued that north polar exploratioi
is much more difficult than the sami
work in the Antartic. In the Arti?
the work must all be done in one
season, while at the South Pole it ii
not necessary for exploring partie!
to turn back to winter quarters.
Hobdays in the North.
Commander Peary described th<
celebration of Christmas Day, th?
Fourth of July, Thanksgiving Daj
and St. Patrick's Day in the fai
North. On Christmas they had spec
ial dinner and a distribution of pres
ents. There were also running races
for the members of the party and
Eskimo men and women for which
prizes were given.
Describing the flags he had raised
at the pole, Commander Peary made
particular mention of the silk Ameri
can flag given him by his wife fifteen
years ago, and which he had carried
on every one of his Artic expeditions,
leaving a portion at the most north
erly points attained. The remnant
of this flag, raised at the pole, con
sisted of ono star and a section of
the blue field and a part of the red
and white stripes.
Peary Admits Cook Could Have Suc
battle Harbor, Labrador, Sept. 18,
-"It would be quite possible foi
Dr. Cook's party or any expedition
to arrive at the North Pole by any
one of a hundred routes aud for me
to find no trace of it. If our pains
lay far apart," said Commander
Robert E. Peary when he was fur
nished by an Evening Journal corre
spondent with the latest information
concerning Dr. Cook's claims and the
present status of the controversy
which has interested the civilized
While Peary would not concede
that Dr. Cook had reached the Pole,
he admitted that it was feasible'for
a competitor to do, without his knowl
edge if they .travelled by widely sep
"I am holding my proofs," said
Peary, "to submit them to the Inter
national Polar Commission and thus
controvert Dr. Cook's claims. When
I started north I believe I was a mern
ber<.of that commission, which, as I
understand it. has final authority in
all Polar matters. I am sure Dr.
Cook never informed the Commission
of his intention of trying to reach the
"With the same equipment that
we had on this voyage, and equally
favorable conditions, I could make
the Pole two out of three times."
Why Whitney Remained North.
Asked how Harry Whitney hap
pened to remain in tho North, Com
mander Peary said Whitney was one
of a party of sportsmen who went as
passengers on board the steamer
Erik. Thc party included Whitney,
W. Norton, of Now York; a man
named Hamed and G. J. Crafts, of
Washington, who came for the pur
pose of taking magnetic observations
for Dr. Banar, head of the depart
ment of terrestrial magnetism of the
Carnegio Institute at Washington.
At Etah, where it was determined
to land a party and supplies for the
relief of Dr. Cook, particularly in
view of the fact that Rudolph
Francke was being invalided home.
Whitney askod if he might remain
on the station to hunt walrus and'
polar bears in the Spring and make
a trip to Ellesmere Land with Eski
mos after musk oxen. This was de
In order to provide against the
contingency of the Roosevelt not
coming down from the North in the
Summer of 1909. in which event he
would be obliged to remain in the
Artic for two years, Mr. Whitney
, made arrangements for a ship to
I como np for him this Summer.
" Whitney had' no doubt as to this
ship coming north," said Peary,
"and when the Roosevelt was sight
ed at Etah August 17 last, Whitney
started out at once in a sailboat for
the Roosevelt under the impression
that she was his ship, .
"On the arrival of the relief vessel
Jeanie, Whitney was transferred
from the Roosevelt to her, and he is
now probably engaged in hunting
bears somewhere along the west side
of Baffin Bay or David Strait.'''
Dr. dook is Annoyed.
On board Oscar II, by United Wire
less Telegraph, via Boston, Sunday,
' ' To the Associated Press :
. ' My desire to get on American soil
increases with every mile laid behind
by the Oscar II. The vessel is doing
her best record, although delayed oc
casionally, making '400 miles in the
last 24 hours.
"Commander Peary's unfortunate
accusations have disclosed another
side of his character. The specific
records of my journey are accessible
-to every one who reads, and all can
decide for themselves when Peary
publishes a similar report.
"FREDERICK A. COOK."
According to the. captain's observa
tions at midday, the Oscar II wUl
arrive at Sandy Hook at about moon
Monday, unless something unfore
seen arises. This will bring the ves
sel to quarantine between 2 and 3
Dr. Cook appears to exercise great
restraint, but can hardly repress a
natural'annoyance at impeachment of
his varacity, without proofs. He re
quested The Associated Press to make
public the following:
"Commander Peary has as yet giv
en to the world no proofs of his own
case. My claim has been fully recog- j
nized by Denmark and by the King of
Sweden; the President of the United
States of America has wired me his
confidence; my claim has been ac
cepted by the International Bureau
for Polar Research at Brussels; most
of the geographical societies of Eu
rope have sent me congratulations,
which means faith and acceptance for
the present, and almost every explor
er of note has come forward with
warm and friendly approval.
Proofs Open to All.
"A specific record of my journey is
accessible to all, and every one who
reads can decide for himself. When
Peary publishes a similar report, then
our cases are parallel. Why should
Peary be allowed to make himself a
self-appointed dictator of my affairs?
In justice to himself, in justice to the
world and to guard the honor of na
tional prestige, he would be compell
ed to prove his own case; he should
publish at once a preliminary narra
tive to be compared with mine, and let
fair-minded people ponder over the
matter while the finar records by
which our case may be ?ventually
proved are being prepared.
"I know Peary the explorer. As
such he is a hero in Arctic annals
and deserves the credit of a long and
hard record. To Pear- the explorer,
I am still willipg to tip my hat, but
Peary's unfounded accusations have
disclosed another side to his character
which.will never be forkotten."
President Taft decided to start a
new fight for tariff revision while on
hie Western trip.
The Rio Grande overflowed Its
banks at Matamoras. Mexico, and half
the town was flooded.
French exports to the United States
show large increases since the pas
sage of the tariff bill.
Four warships are to represent
Great Britain at the Hudson-Fulto?
celebration at New York City.
The cruiser Des Moines sunk the
E. F. Mead, a lumber schooner, in a
collision just below the Narrows.
Mayor McClellan issued a procla
mation calling upon citizens to decor
ate their homes for the Hudson-Pul
No broken bones were found in the
body of Lieutenant Sutton. which WSB
exhumed and reburied with Catholic
rites at Arlington.
William Lloyd Garrison, son of the
great Abolitionist, and himself wei!
known as a publicist, died at his
home In Lexington, Mass.
Young Turks at Constantinople re
newed their pressure for the dismis
sal of Gabriel Norodunghian, tue
Minister of Public Works.
M. Leur announced In Paris the
Invention of an air omnibus, and has
a s bed permission to carry passengers
am.i merchandise oyer the city.
Hundreds of children were turned
away from the public schools in New
York City through ignorance of the
regulations for admission as pupils.
The rush of applicants for rooms
duriDg the Hudson-Fulton celebration
forced the managers, o' hotels in New
York City to stop booking engage
Conrad Harms, alias Henry CI2r
ford. was found guilty In London of
forgery in connection with the swin
dling of J. S. Bache & Co.. of New
York City, out of nearly 08000.
A Chicae? citizen who has evident-,
ly been scared frequently by'the loud
"honk" of automobile horns as he
scudded across streets has written to
the Tribune to suggest "that automo
biles be made to carry sleigh bell?,
the snme as horses are required tc
wear in sleighing time." This, he
thinks, "would give continual warn
ing to pedestrians." j
Before insuring elsewher
Old Line Companies.
At The Farmers
Good Ronds For'New Jersey.
The plan outlined in my first mes?
sage to the Legislature contemplated
a. great system of highways to be
maintained by the State between each
county seat in the State and a boule?
yard on the Atlantic Ocean.
The proposed roads are very large
ly constructed at this present time,
and the parts not now completed
could be finished at no great cost.
After they are fully constructed the
State can maintain them at reason?
able expense and rel:eve the counties
of that burden. I doubt if our peo
i pie fully realize what a connecting
highway from county seat to county
seat and a great highway upon the
Atlantic Coast of our State would
mean to the people of New Jersey.
These highways would be 850
miles in length. Think of that great
length of highways of the finest roads
anywhere, with all the conveniences
for travel that they would give! It
would Increase the values of all agri
cultural lands and would make "the
whole State a place of the greatest
attraction. The increasing of wealth
to our people by this system of good
roads cannot be estimated. .
The cost of maintaining such a sys
tem of highways under the State con
trol would probably not exceed $300
a mile, if it equalled it. How could
the State spend $265,000 a year to
better advantage on its highways?i
The automobile is with us, aad to
stay, and the fees that will come to
the State from it will provide the nec
essary revenue each year in the fu
ture to cover this cost of mainte
nance. The automobile owner is per
fectly willing to pay our present
license fees if he can only have good
roads, well maintained.
Such roads will save the license
cost many times each year in the
wear and tear of tires. Who can
foretell what an ocean boulevard will
add to our coast in the way of attrac
tiveness? Our coast in a few years
will be a city from Atlantic Highlands
to Barnegat Inlet, and from Atlantic
City to Cape May. People sojourn
and erect costly houses where they
can get most advantages and con
veniences. New Jersey can assure
them everything that is desirable,
coupled with good laws, reasonable
taxation and fine roads. I am con
vinced that the State highway plan
that has been outlined is popular not
only in the shore counties but all
through the State, and will be more
and- more so as the matter is under
stood.-From Governor Fort's Speech
at a Meeting of the State Highway
Passing of the Cobblestone.
Baltimore has made such strides
since the great fire and the city has
been congratulating itself so on its
progress that the application for an
injunction to restrain the mayor, city
council and city engineer from paving
a street with cobblestones comes as a
jolt to municipal pride to remind us
that we are not free from some of the
trammels of antiquity. And of these
the worst is the cobblestone. Ap
propriately enough, in the last year
of the nineteenth century-1899-an
ordinance was passed that cobble
stones should not be used in future
in paving streets of the city. So the
twentieth century people began in the
gladsome hope that this anomoly in
a modern community would no longer
be extended, and that what was left
of it to afflict the sight and make sore
the feet would be removed by the.
gradual process of elimination.
Hence the jolt when it is announced
that the city is preparing to pave a
street with the unsightly cobbles, and
hence the injunction of patriotic citi
zens and disgusted property owners
to prevent a resurrection of past cen
tury methods. ' Smooth, well paved
streets are among the prime requis
ites of a modern up-to-date city, and
the cobblestones have absolutely
nothing to serve them as an excuse
for being. They are an unsightly
blot on civic beauty; they lose time
and create labor In travel; they are
a source of ridicule to visitors and of
mortification and discomfort to na
tives-altogether they belong to the
past, with its watchmen, its lanterns,
its horse cars and its other evidence!
of a primitive village period.
The Proper Crown.
For a road fifteen feet or less in
width it will be found satisfactory to
have the centre five and a half inches
higher than the sides, forming a
crown of three-quarters of an inch to
.the foot. On roads of greater width
it will be necessary to reduce the
crown to one-half inch to "che foot, or
perhaps even less. The best practice
is to make the crown by two slopes
or planes, with the apex at their in
tersection slightly rounded.
The blackening of incandescent
lamps is due to the vaporizing of the
Let us encourage the aviators aU
we can. Let us glorify their triumph*
as navigators of the air. They are
tihe forerunners of a new c?ra or great
human achievement. But, O broth
ers of newspanerrtom, pleads the New
York Times, let us stop likening them
to Darius Green and 'Icarus!
? & BYRD
e, We^ ?represent the Best
Bank of Edgefleld