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Highest Up . ^
??t?ci i>??2/ Balloons Haue Found Concern' ?
ing the Upper Jlir |
r:y J?. Lawrence Rotch X
LTHOUGH a large number of ballons-sondes were dispatch
ed from St. Louis in 1904'07 under the direction of tao
writer (see Science, Vol. ?'7, p. 315) none had been em
ployed in the eastern states until last year. In May and
July, 1908, four- ballons-sondes were launched from Pitts
field, Mass., with special precautions to limit the time they 1
remained in the air and so prevent them from drifting out
to sea with the upper westerly wind. Three of the regis
tering instruments have been returned to the Blue Hill ob
servatory with good records.
The first instrument sent up on May 7 was not found for ten months
and the record, forming the subject of the present article, is very interesting
"because it gives complete temperature data from the ground up to 17,700
meters, or eleven miles. This is G50 meters higher than the highest ascen
sion frcm St. Louis, which, by a coincidence, was also the first one to be
- made there, i
On May 7 a general storm prevailed, so that the balloon, traveling from
?the east, was soon lost in the cloud and its subsequent drift could not be
followed, but the resultant course was fifty-nine miles from the southwest, as
determined by the place where the instrument fell two hoars later. At the
ground the temperature was 4.5 degrees C., and this decreased as the balloon
.rose to the base of the cloud, which itself was considerably warmer than the
Above the cloud the temperature continued to fall with increasing rapid
ity up to a height of 12,500 meters (nearly eight .mites), where the minimum
of -54.5 degrees C. was registered. Here the great warm stratum was en
tered and penetrated farther than ever before in this country, namely, to the
"height of 17,700 metes, where the temperature was -4G.5 degrees C. An in
crease of S.9 degrees occurred, however, in the first three thousand meters,
for above 15,500 meters nearly isothermal conditions prevailed, confirming the
"belief of Teisserene de Bort that what he calls the "stratosphere" is com
posed of a lower inverting layer with isothermal conations above extending
to an unknown height. In an ascension last November in Belgium, the rela
tively warm stratum was found to extend from 12,900 meters to the enor
mous height of 29,000 meters, or eighteeu miles, where there was still no in
dication of its diminution.-.From Science, i
j?? Success j& M
? By Frederick D. Underwood, President of (he 3
* Erie Railroad and its allied companies
O man who has been successful, either wholly or in part,
can blaze a path for others; notwithstanding the fact that
iu most instances he would be glad to do it for the benefit
of his immediate posterity, to say nothing of his friends.
So much has been said to young men about what to'do
in order to succeed that the subject must be tiresome.
There are, I think, three essentials, generally speak
ing: ABILITY, GOOD HEALTH, both mental and physical,
One who has talents to sell must be near a market. v
The average American man and young man is a time waster; wasting
time at both his work and his fun. As zn illustration, a man who runs to a
"bulletin board in the street to read the news that he can soon read at his
leisure in the paper is wasting time in one instance; and the man who wants
to mob the umpire is wasting time and his fun.
Impulsive ones are generally time wasters.
You have only to listen to the average conversation in public to discover
the fact that many .waste time in useless conversation.
. Bad reading is a time waster. It is safe to say that the time so wasted
?would provide the wasters with an education, itself a liberal endowment.
As to opportunity. A man needs to be the judge of his opportunity. Too
many advise about it. Himself and one adviser-the man's own intellect and
some one trusted friend afford a competent and safe jury to judge of oppor
Briefly summarizing: The principal elements of success are industry,
good address, a regard for the rights of cjthers, fend health to back them all
tip, when the opportunity arrives.
Civilization and the Hair
Ty G. K- Chest?rtqn
HERE was noticed in many newspapers of late an incident
which is startlingly symbolic of the topsy-turvy state of
civilization in which we have contrived to land ourselves.
Some doctor or other in attendance on the compulsory
schools of the poor took it into his head to tell all the little
girls that they must have their hair cut off, because long
bair was unhealthy.
Normally speaking, to cut off the hair of all the girls
you -can see is as nonsensical as to cut off all their ears,
if we have really got into a social condition in which our little daughters
must not have any curls, then the time has come not for doctors but for
pikes and guillotines. If things are a? bad as that, it is no time for cutting
off hair but for cutting off heads. The pedants of science have for some time
been engaged in trying to abolish portions of the human mind. They are now
going on apparently to abolish portions of the human body. Legs, I suppose,
will go next; I can imagine a very strong scientific case against legs. The
sociological authorities (before chopping a little boy's legs off) would explain
earnestly and kindly to his mother how much she would save in shoe leather,
how satisfactorily thc problem of corns would be solved, how there was now
no danger of- treading on broken glass, how the boy would be less noisy about
tie house, and how he could never stray into unsanitary houses or run away
to sea.-London News.
V Woman and the
Ev Professor IV. / Thomas
?3? '!*.> .>
T is idle, indeed, to speak of tho exclusion of women from
the occupations. They are entering them from the top and
from tie bottpm. The ill-conditioned are being forced into
them and the well-conditioned-those whom men have been
educating while deploring the use of their education-are
already entering them in considerable numbers at the top.
And they are finding new and characterstic ways of giving
to society that reserve of affection and nurture which they
have heretofore reserved for the child and fhe home.
In the year 1900 there were more than 5,000.000 women gainfully em
ployed in the United States (as against 23,753,830 men), the rate of increase
between 1890 and 1900 of the number of women so employed was much great--'
er than the corresponding increase for the employment for men (for women
32.S percent; for men 21.9 percent), and the number of women gainfully em
ployed increased more rapidly in the decade than the female population. So
whether we wish it or not, the old order is already changing rapidly, it ls*
too late to theorize on this point. It means simply that the old idea that all
women should live on the activities of men and should limit their own in
terests to the bearing and rearing of'children has gone to pieces.-American
Scctlsnd Making Big Guns".
Messrs. Beardmore ? Co. arc manu
facturing at their steel works in Glas
gow a new type of medora naval gun
to thc crder of the British Admiralty.
The gun is nearing completion, and
after the official tests will, it is un
derstood, be placed aboard one of thc
new Dreadnought battleships. The
weapon is the first odern naval gun
manufactured in Scotland, and Is ol'
the latest type of 12-inch wire-wound.
Not For Him.
"You should have faith in human
nature," said thc man of kindly in
"Yes," sneered die Nev/ York offi
ciai, "and lose my job as customs in
There is an evident lack of harmony
in the interests of landlord and ten
ant in New York City, for there is a
daily average cf 197 cases in the
courts growing out of the relation.
1 News Noies of Geaicr.il Interest
j ? From All Parts of the State.
STATE FAIR FINE.
Fine Eacos and Exhibits of Great
Columbia, Special.-The first day's
racing was excellent and. measured
up to the highest expectation. The
start was prompt at the hour named,,
and continued with practically no
waits between heats while the trot
ting and pacing events were on, but
when the runs began tht delays abo
began. "Twas ever thus. The con
centrated essence of contrariness
seems to have been developed in run
ning horses, their owners and th?
jockeys, against which the good genii,
represented by the starter and thc
judges can not avail. However, the
crowd that graced the grandstand
had dwindled to a few dozen by the
time the ruuning raecs began, so that
no harm was done to anybody's pa
tience except to the race officials and
they being inured, were able to stand
Two exhibits that attaractec
much favorable comment at the Fair
I grounds were those from Wnithrof
j College and frmn Clemson. At both
these institutions-one for the high
er education of the girls of thc
State and the other for the training
of the boys-the industrial side o?
their education was stressed. To bc
able to do the material things of life
is what is taught at these two col
leges, and to the people, of the State
the results of their efforts are ex
In the sheep and goats departm?nt
at the State fair there were some ver>
attractive animals and in the list
of tutries there were an unusually
large number of this class of stock
considered hi?h, breed. The author
ities plan to gradually add to this |
department as interest in stockrais- '
ing increases in this State. That
; the interest is increasing is shown by
the large number who visited the
stalls and obtained information on
the value of high class stock.
One of the interesting and at thc
same time promising features of tho
State- fair is that of the best farm
display. The idea of the association
is to encourage the raising of small
crops and living on the farm ai
much as possible. The association -
offered two prizes, one of $75 and
another of $50 for the largest variety ?
of articles raised on one farm. There
were four contestants for these prizes.. (
Messrs. C. Rodgers of Fountain Inn. ?
S. L. Rawl of Lexington, S. B. Craw
ford of Great Falls' and G. B. Wiu
gard of Lexington.
It is such exhibitions as tbssc (
farmers made that show in a meas
ure the possibility of good farmer? *
in this State. Here are just a few 1
of the articles that were shown ir
one or two of the displays under thi-: *
classification : Sausage, blackberry I
jely, fig preserves, pear" preserves 1
lard, milk, cane sugar, cucumbei *
pickles, peach custard, muscadine
muscadine jelly, sour cucumber pickle *
beet pickles, blackberry wine, tomate
catsup, sweet pickled pears,, peacL ^
preserves, apple jelly, sweet pickled
peaches, sweet pears, blackberry acid J
Sorghum syrup, plums, dried apples
gooseberry jelly, popcorn, sugar cain )
syrup, muscadine, dried pears
gooseberries and okra. whorl le- ^
berries, peaches, red pepper cat
sup, wine, bops, six to eight va- '
rict ies of apples, eggs, watermelons
dish rag squash, several varities ol
Irish potatoes, a number of varities c
of sweet potatoes, mutton suet, bee!
suet, eight lo ten varities of corn ?
varities of cotton, rice, wheat, heh
peppers, persimmon:?, canteloupes
pecans, walnuts, pomegranates, hick
ory nuts, soap, gherkin, turnips, r?d
isher ons, wool, meal, sage, cane j
r. i . varities of peanuts. Ir (
ono v.- me displays there are as many
at 15 varieties of corn. The ossort
mont of good things from boney tc r
sage show what can he done on thc
average farm in this Stale. Mr. Raw] r
has a fine display of canned fruits '
that he raised and canned on hie
Farnnm Will Give Bail. J
Charleston, Special.-James S. Far- ,
num, who was indicted Tuesday af- *
ternoon at Chester, was out of Char- 1
lesion on business and could not be
seen Tuesday night for a statement. 1
B. A. Hagood, his counsel, said, how
ever .that the information furnished '
was the first news that he had of the
indictment of Farnum. Not having 1
seen the indictment, he was not pre
pared to discuss if, but he presumed !
that the indi?/tment is similar to that ^
found in Richland. Mr. Hagood said
that his client will be ready to fur- '
nish bond for his appearance im- .
Chester's Jury Finds True Bills. % ?
Chester, Special.-The grand jury
found true bills against Jodie M-- '
Rawlinson, Joseph B. Wylie, John 1
Black, Janies S. Farnum, John T. (
Early, Moiton A. Goodman and H.
Lee Solomons for conspiracy, and ;
James S. Farnum for bribery.
Bench w?rrents were issued for th? .
arrest nf Rawlinson, Black, Farnum;
Charleston Negro Capturos a Hydra.
Charleston. Special. - Charles <
Camphell, claiming to be a sober and .
industrious negro farmer of Runny
medc, on thc Ashley river, has a
snake curiosity of no little interest;
a young rattle snake with two per- ,
fectly developed and formed heads,
each displaying a forked tongue ci
lively characteristics. Thc attrac
tively marked snake was confincl (
Tuesday in a small box. covered with (
a screen, r:nd the snake seemed' tc
appreciate the attention he attracted
1 Crowning Success Ends Wit]
President Taft on Ground-Prem
iums on Fine Exhibits.
Columbia, Special.-The South Car
dina State fair which was brough
o a close Saturday reaching its eli
uax in having the President of th?
Jnitcd States as a guest of the city
vas a success in every particular
The attandance was good, the cn trie:
rere liberal, the products aboundan
md varied, the races excellent am
he sports exciting.
We give below a list of premium!
Devons-Bull, 3 years old and over
r. C. McApee, Chester, first prize, T
f. Kinard, Ninety-Six, second.
Bull, 2 to 3 years old, T. J. Kinard
irst and second prizes.
Bull, 1 to 2 years old, T. J. Kinard,
irst, E. G. Palmer, Ridgeway, second
Bull calf, under 1 year and over S
?onths^ J. C. Mc?pee first and
Cow, 3 years old and over, T. J
vinard first, R. B. Watson, Ridge
Heifer, 2 to 3 years old, E. G. Palm
r first, J. C. McApee, second.
Heifer, 1 to 2 years old, E. C. Palm
T first, T. J. Kinard, second.
Heifer calf, under 1 year and ovei
! months, J. C. McApee first second
Aged herd, T. J. Kinard. first.
Young liArd, J. C. McApee, first.
Durhams or Short Horn.
Bull, 3 years old and over, J. 0,
Darby, first, C. W. McCrecry, Colum
Bull calf, under 1 year and over 2
nonths, J. 0. Darby first.
Cow, 3 ye j? old and over, J. 0.
Darby first and second.
Heifer, 2 tb 3 years, J. 0. Darby
irst and second.
Hflifer, 1 to 2 years old, J. 0. Dar
>y first and second.
Heifer calf, under 1 year and over
\ months, J. 0. Darby first and sec
Aged herd, J. 0. Darby, first.
Young herd, J. 0. Darby, first.
Red Foiled-Bull, 3 years old and
>ver, J. G. Sampson, Chester, first;
fohn dareton, Greenville, second.
Bull, 2 to 3 years old, R. M. Jen
eins, St. Charles, first, J. M. Cureton,
Bull, 1 to 2 years old, J. G. Simpson
irst, J. M. Cureton. second.
Bull "Mf, aander 1 year and over 1
jjonths, J. G. Simpson, first and sec
Cow, 3 years old and over, J. G.
Simpson first, J. M. Cureton second.
Heifer, 2 io 3 years old, J. G. Simp
ion first and second.
Heifer, 1 to 2 years old; J. G. Simp
l?n, first and second.
Heifer calf, under 1 year old and
aver 2 months, J. G. Simpson, first,
?. M. Cureton second.
Aged herd, J. G. Simpson first.
Young herd, J. G. Simpson first.
Herefords-Bull, 3 years old and
aver, S. D. Cross first.
Bull. 2 to 3 years old, S. D. Cross
irst. Bull calf, under 1 year old, S.
D. Cross first.
^Heifer calf, under 1 year old, S. D.
Ayreshires-Bull, 3 years old and
iver, J. C. Shannon, Blackstock, first,
T. D. W. Watts, Laurens, second.
Bulls, 2 to 3 years old, J. D. Watts
irst and second.
Bull, 1 to 2 years old, J. D'. W.
JVatts first, J. C. Shannon second.
Cow, 3 years and over, J. D. W.
Yatts first and second.
Heifer, 1 to 2 years cid, J. D. W.
Yatta first and second.
Heifer, 1 to 2 years old, J. D. W.
Yalts first and second.
Heifer Calf-Under 1 year old
). W. Watts first and second.
Aged Herd-J. D. W. Watts first.
Young Herd-J. D. W. Walts scc
Jersey?-Bull. 3 years old and over,
Taylor plantation; Columbia, first.
T. P. Henderson, Pheonix, second.
Bull-Two to 3 years old, Taylor
)lantation daii*y, first and second.
Bull-One to" 2 years old, T. P.
?enderson first, Taylor plantation
Bull Calf-Over 1 year and over 2
nonths. Taylor plantation dairy first,
T. P. Henderson second.
Cow-Three years old and over,
Taylor plantation first, T. P. Hendcr
Heifer-Two to 3 years old, B. Har
ris, Pendelton, first; T. P. Henderson
Heifer-One to 2 years old, T. P.
Henderson first, Taylor plantation
Heifer Calf-Under 1 year. Taylor
E^antation diary first and second.
Aged Herd-Taylor plantation
Young Herd-Taylor plantation
Guernseys-Bull, 3 years old and
aver. J. G. Mobley first, Alex Mc
Donald, Blackstock, second.
Bull-Two to three years old, John
Gi. Mobley first, and second.
Bull-One to 2 years old, John 0.
Mobley first and second.
Bull Calf-Under one year, John G.
Mobley first and second.
Coav-Three years old and over,
Thomas "C. Sanders, Hagood, first;
John G. Mobley second.
Heifer-Two to 3 years old, John
G. Mobley first and second.
Bull-One lo 2 years old, John G.
Mohlcy first and second.
Bull Calf-Under 1 year, John 0.
Mobley, first and second.
Cow-Three years old and fver,
Thomas C. Sanders, Hagocd, first;
John G. Molloy second.
Heifer-Two to 3 years old, John
j. Mobley first and second.
Heifer-One to 2 years cid. Alex
McDonald first. John G. Mobley sec
Heifer Calf-Under 1 year and
aver 2 months, John G. Mobley fir-:
Aced Ii*rd-Jrhn G. Moblcv first.
Yonns- HTM-John G. Mobley first.
Holsrein-Fi'ir^iaHs-Bull, 3 venrs
-ld and over, E. J. Zobel, Columbia,
Bul!-Oro io 2 years cid, L. IT
Cone!:, Hanley, first. i
Boar over 2 years, J. C. Slinnn
Blaekstock, first; Alex Hacdom
Boar, 1 to 2 years old. L. I. Si
del's, Ninety-Six. first; J. C. Shani:
Bear, over 6 months and under
months old, J. C. Shannon, first o
Sow, over 2 years old, L. I. S;
ders, first; J. C. Shannon, second
Sow, 1 to 2 years old, J. C. Sh;
non, first; L. I. Sanders, second.
'Sow, over 6 months and under
J. C. Shannon, first; D. B. Smith, (
Pair pigs, one each sex, under
months old, J. C. Shannon, first;
L Sanders, second.
Display not less than 10 head, J.
Shannon, first; L. I. Sanders, secoi
" . . BERKSHIRE.
Boar, 1 to 2 years, L. K. Cow
Boar, over G months an dunder '.
R. E. Shannon, first; B. I:.'arris, P(
Sow, over 2 years old, L. K. Com
first; R. E. Shannon, second. ?
Sow, 1 to 2 years old, W. E. Chi
man, first; R. E. Shannon, second.
Sow, over 6 months and under !
R. E. Shannon, first and second.
Pair pigs, one. each sex, under
months, R. E. Shannon, first, and si
Display not less than 10 head, R.
Shannon, first; R. B. Watson, Rid
Boar, over 2 years, S. GK Summe
Cameron, first and second.
Boar, I to 2 yea's, S. J. Summe
first: E. J. Zobel, Columbia, second.
Boai\ over G months and under ]
L. K. Couch, first; S. J. Sumac
Sow, over 2 years, L. K. COIK
first ; S. J. Summers, second.
Sow, 1 to 2 years, W. S. Dickc
first; S. J. Sowers, second.
Pair of pigs, one each ?ex, under
months, L. X. Couch, f.rst; S.
Display not less than 10 head, S.
Summers, first; L. K. Couch, secon
Boar, over 2 years, G. W. Harmc
Lexington, first; R. M. Jenkins, ?
Sow, over 2 .years, R. M. Jenkir
first ; G. W. Harmon, second.
Exhibit one boar and ' four son
over 6 months old, R. M. Jenkins fir;
Sow, over 2 years old.. W. E. Cha
man, first and second.
OPEN TO THE WORLD.
In the open-to-the-world contest
this department there were also n
merous entries and the folowii
prizes were awarded.
Best boar, over 2 years old, R. '
?Shannon, Blackstcck, first: Leonai
Tufts, Pinehurst, N. C., seemid.
Boar, 1 to 2 years old, Leonai
Tufts, first and second.
Sow, over 2 years old, Leonai
Tufts, first and second.
Sow, 1 to 2 years old, W. E. Cha]
man, first; Leonard Tufts, second.
Pair pigs, one each sex, under
months, R. E. Shannon, first; Leonai
Grcgory-Conder Mule Compan;
Columbia, first; R. L. Hearn, Bishoj
Single harness stallion, open t
world-Alex Fraser, C.lester, first; .
S. Meyers, Morristown. Tenn., secom
Best ponv. ridden bv girl over li
under 16-Entry by J. D. Powell, C(
Pest horsemanship by lady-Mis
Belvia McDavid, Columbia, first; cr
try by J. D. Powell, second.
Best combination golding or mar
-Can ?liman & Harmon, first: Hyd
rick Windsor. Columbia, second.
Harness colt, open to world, foale
in 1006 or 1907-W. W. McCutchet
Wisncky, first; J. L. Martin, Fountai:
Harness filly, open to world, foale
in I90o or 1907-Wallace Moore
Cheraw, first; Caughnian & Harmon
Best matched geldings, opcr t
world-John J. Seibels, Columbir
first: Geo. T. Little, Camden, scconc
Best pair matched mares, open t
world-W. W. McCurchen, first; E
G. Kaminer. Gadsden, second.
Saddle gelding, open to world-A
M. Owens. Winnsboro, first; Hydric
Single harness gelding or mare
driven by lady-Entry bv Grcgorv
Conder Mule company, first; I. (
Cress, Chester, second.
Bf ules, best double team open to th
world-Grcgcry-Conder Mule Corr
pany. first; J. B. Ashlev, Honea Pat!
Jack, three year sold and over-I
L. W. Thomason, Fountain Inn, first
Hevward Green. Columbia, second.
Jack, 1 year old and under 2
Henry Savage, Mamden, first and sec
Mule colt, under 1 year-B. L. W
Thomason, first; J. E. Rodgers, sec
Mare and mule cpl.r, under 1 year
South Carolina owned-J. E. Rodgers
first ; D. L. W. Thomason, second.
Thc class nf best standard bre<
stalion with four of his get was woi
by Jim Kennedy, record 2:09 1-4
owned by Dr. J. E. Heise of Columbia
Three of Kennedy's colts took firs
?md two s?vond prize?.
The following prize winners wen
Best display farm products frorr
one farm. S. L. RawLs, Lexington, first
prize: C. rodgers, Fountain Inn
Pest half bushel white Dent corr
with twelve cars, W. IL Sloan. Little
Mountain, fir*! ; G. E. Harmon, Lex
Rest hr If 1 nslicl yellow Dont cern.
Forest E/earcr. Trmo, first: R. H
Ca usine tin. Lexington, second.
Pc*t fea!f f'ushel bread corn. R. II
Cnughman. t?rsf. C. Rcd-cra, second.
Test half IJKK'HI prc.Y?e corn, will
I six stalks, p. T-. Sh-l!. Columbia
[ first; O. E. Lbaier. Edgewald, see
"Rest half bushel popcorn, J. E.
Rodgers first, C. Rodgers, Fountain
Best display varieties corn, half
bushel each, C. Rodgers first. Geo. W.
Harmon, Lexington, second.
Best half bushel red wheat, C. Rod
gers first, G. W. Harmou, second.
Best half bushel barley, J. W. Dro
ller, Batesburg, first; E. J. Nunua
niiiker, Columbia, second.
Best half bushel red cats, C. Rodg
ers, first, E. J. Nunnamakcr second.
Best half bushel white oats. H.' Ii.
Eleazer, Irme, first; Forest Elcazcr,
Best half bushel rye, Geo. W. Har
mon first ; G. E. Harmon, second.
Best half bushel Spanish peanuts.
B, S. Rawls, Lexington, first; G. W.
Best half bushel parched peanuts,
S. L. Hawls, Lexington, first; J. Wade
Swygert, Columbia, second.
Best half bushel black cowpeas, G.
W. Harmon first; C. Rodgers second.
Best entry Braham cowpeas,. E. F.
Bookter, Columbia, first.
Best half bushel clay cowpeas, G.
W. Harmon first, G. E. Harmon sec
Best half bushel cowpeas, G. E. '
Eleazer first; G. W. Harmon second.
Best half bushel whip-poor-will
cowpeas, D. B. Shull, Columbia, first;
J. H. Shull, New Brookland, second.
Best half bushel cowpeas, J. TV.
Swygert first, B. G. Gibson, New
Best half bushel collection variety,
G. W. Harmon first, G. E. Eleazer
Best bushel sweet potatoes, any va
riety, A. L. Smith, Lexington, first;
D. B. Shuil, Columbia, second.
Best bushel Irish potatoes, E. J.
Nunnamakcr first, S. L. Rawls second.
Best bushel rutabager turnips. G. B.
Wingard, Lexington, first ; G. W. Har
Best bushel roiurh leaf turnips, G.
Wingard first, G. W. Harmon second.
Best bushel stock beets, S. L. Rawls
first,-C. E. Rodgers second.
Best bushel artichokes. G. W. Har
mon first. G. B. Wingard second.
Best bale cowpca hav, H. H. Eleaz
er first, T. P. Henderson second.
Best bale clover hav, H. H. Eleaz
er first, I). F. Eleazer second.
Best bale native grass hav, C. E.
Rodgers first, H. W. Sloan, Little
Best bale Bermuda grass hay, II. H.
Eleazer first, Forst Eleazer second.
Best bale German millett. David
Eleazer first. C. Rodgers second.
Best display six varieties sorghum,
G. W. Harmon first
Best half bushel water flowed gell
seed rice with sheaf of same, J. W. j
Dreher, Batsburg. first prize.
Best half bushel upland rice with
sheaf of same, G. E. Harmon first, G.
W. Harmon second.
Best bale upland cotton, J. Wade
Swygert first, Forest Eleazer second.
SOME GAMES AT STATE FAE*
Basket Ball Easily Won.
The Carolina basketball five fell an
easy prey to the Davidson team Tues
day at the fair grounds. The final
score was $9 to 8 in favor of the
Presbyterians, who made most of
their points on fieiJ goals. Carolina's
eight points were gained on foul goals.
She failed to make a single goa5.
fiom the field.
In spite of the score the contest be
tween the North and South Carolin
ians Avas an intercstine; one. Thc
field goal throwing of McDuffie and
Miles was spectacular at times. They
tossed the hall info the basket from
seemingly impossible positions and
did the star work for thc visitors.
Capt. Mcclintock of Davidson made a
field goal from near the middle of the
field. Thc visitors were much Strong
er on team work than Carolina.
For the university the foul god
throwing of Capt. While was the fea
ture. Ile scored for Carolina seven
om of a possible 13 times. The game
was marred by rain and a rough fiel 1.
During the second half the ball ?vao
almost too slippery to field.
Football a Tie.
The Davidson-Citadel football
game played on the Fair grounds
Wednesday morning resulted in a tic
score, 0 to 0. The game was playe-l
to a stand still, neither side heine
ahic to get the oval across the goal
l:nes. The teams were well watched.,
as the final result showed.
It was a case of Greek meet Greek,
and the fight was fierce and furious
all the time. Both teams showed a
versatility of offensive play and wen
strong on thc defence. Time af tc
tiree each team resorted to thc kick
to cain the required ten yards.
The first few plays were rather rag
ged, but thc teams soon ..ettie down t<
steady work and many beautiful play:
weer pulled off by beth sides. Thc
Citadel team work was something
good to see. They worked as on'
mau, getting off thc piavs with snap
and ginger. Thc ball was no soonei
down than thc players got into mo
tion. Davidson was no less nervy, bu!
tho? were a little slower in gettin?
off their plays.
The trreat work cf Dunn. Elliott
Pnden for Davidson was a feature o'
the game, while Riddle. Nichols anc
Duckett starred for the Citadel. How
ever, it was not a game of stars, for
eleven men on each side were work
ing all thc time, and it is to the good
team work of each that no score wa:r
recorded on either side.
The game was a medley of linc
plunges, end runs, forward passes am1
punts. No one form was adhered ti
by either side, though Davidso
punted oftener, relying on her ends i
Dr. Langworthy. of the Dcpiirtmen'
of Chemistry, is preparing to deal a
body blow to tho "Fletcherizing" of
food. He has called for voluteers fo
a unique poison squad and desires
young men who will submit to tests
by tho calorimeter, which Dr. W. 0.
A (water invented. From bbscvations
taken by this instrument thc conclu
sion has been reached bv Dr. Lang
worthy that it is possible to masticate
food too much, and to such an cx
'ent as to deprive the digestive or
gans of certain of their functions.
PIS. TAFT GREETED
Columbia and Augusta Gav
Him Glad hand.
?oLUMBIA LEADS IN V/ELCOML
Banqueted Saturday Evening at Co?,
lumbia and Takes Sabbath Best ai
Augusta His Southern Home.
umbia Saturday was filled with in
terest. He was entertained at lunch
eon in the chamber of the House of
Representatives at the State Capital
and remarked that South Carolina
was the first State officially to greet
him within the walls of its Capitol.
The only other President ever to visit
Columbia was Washington whose stay
in the quaint old city is chronicled as
having been an event in-179.1. Like
President Taft, Washington was en
tertained at luncheon in the State
Capitol. The building which soused
President Taft today, however, was
not the same, though it is old enough
to bear the scars of a bombardment
from Sherman's army.
Following the evacuation of Colum
bia by Gen. Wade Hampton and -the -
occupation by General Sherman, the
entire business section of the city
Consequently the President' Satur
day looked upon a strange admixture
of ante-bellum homes and skyscrapers
indicative of modern progress.
During his long automobile ride
through the city, the President was
taken past the old Baptist church
where the secession convention as
sembled. Through the misdirection |
of a native a Methodist church was
burned by the Northern array as the
supposed place of the inception of the
secession. The President also saw the
palatial old Preston mansion ic
which Sherman established his head
quarters", and made a brief address
to the students of the University of
South Carolina on the old campus sur
rounded by a hollow square of build
ings which have know no outward .
shange tince the days of the civil war.
The many reminders of the cou?ict
af the sixites caused the President to
speak at the luncheon in his honor
with a fervor on the subject of tlie>
passing of all sectional feeling great
er than he has displayed at any other
city during his Southern trip. The
President also made, a speech at the ,
State fair grounds.
After spending the entire after
noon in historic old Columbia, with
its many reminders of the wi'hering
blast of the civil war. Presid?ni'Taft .
arrived in Augusta at 8:30 o'clock
Saturday to rest until Monday when
be resumed his journay to Washing
The President often speaks of Au- ?
?rusta as '/home" and his reception
'lere, as he rode through crowded and '
brilliantly illuminated streets leading
from the train to the home of Major ?
Joseph B. Cumming, whose house
fuest he was. was in the nature of a
homecoming celebration. Mr. Taft
bas stated several times that he was
& resident of Augusta when elected!
President of the United States, that
is when the electoral votes were cast
at Washington. The Augusta people
are proud to claim him as their owfi
and hence the name of "Taft. Wil
liam H., President of the United
States, Terret cottage, Summerville. 'r
appears in the current city directory
It was from Augusta last winter that
the President-elect went to Washing
ton to take the oath of office.
Mr. Taft had been looking forward
to his visit to Augusta and the resi
dents of the city made his .stay.as?
pleasant as possible. They asked him
to make only one speech during his
two days in town. Saturday night 6a
informal recepiion at the Cumming*
home, left the President f?ree to-retire
carly for a much needed long night'?
rest. Sunday he attended services, at
the Church of the Good Shepherd,.
Episcopalian; lunched with Lando?
A. Thomas and dined quietly at the
Cumming's home in the evening. Mon
day morning, bright and early, the
President played golf on the links of
the Country Club where he sprat so
much time last winter when the
snows drove him from Hot Springs tc*
seek a warmer climate.
Mortgage For $150,000,030;
Norfolk, Va., Special-The Sea
board Air Line Railway bas recordec
in the office, of the Norfolk countvj
court two mortgages aggregatin;
.?150,000,000. The State taxes on lui
morten cres were $8,220. One of tues
mortgages* is for $25,000,000 cf?fiv
per cent 40-year adjustment gol
bonds. Thc ether mortgage is fo
$125,000,000 refunding bonds, pr.yahl
fifty years hence, and bearing in Lore!
at the rate of four per cent.