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Columbia, Special.-The National
Assoeia?icn For the Study and Pre
vention cf Pellagra was formally or
ganized Thursday at thc conclusion
of a two days' conference on pel
, lagra attended by more than three
hundred physicians, the first meeting
of national scope held in this country
for the study of this disease. Dr. J.
W. Babcock, superintendent of the
South Carolina State hospitcl for
the insane,. Columbia, wai elected
president of the association; Dr. Wil
liam A. White., superintendent of the
United States hospital for the in
sane, Washington, D. C., vice presi
dent, and Dr. George A. Zcller, su
perintendent of thc State hospital for
the insane. Peoria, 111., secretary
tresurer. Later a vice president for
each State interested in the move
ment will le named.
An official pellagra congress, to be
hold under the auspices of the asso
ciation, is scheduled for June, 1910,
in Peoria, 111., which city was chosen
withoat a contest.
The association, following the"pre
sentation of forty-odd addresses and
papers by men prominent in the med
ical profession, covering a wide rang?
of investigation of pellagra in the
. United States and foreign countries,
unanimously adopted the following
resolution, presented by Dr. J. How
ell Way of the North Carolina Board
of Health :
Dr. Way's Resolution.
"Resolved, That this conference
. recognizes the widespread existence
of pellagra in the United States and
.urges upon the national government
the necessity of bringing its powerful
resources to bear upon, the vital ques
tions of its cause, prevention and con
FEARY ENDORSED BY SCI
Washington, Special.-For having
?reached the North Pole, Commander
Robert E. Peary was voted a gold
medal by the National Geographic
The board of managers of the So
ciety acepted unanimously the report
-af its substitute committee of
scientists, who had examined the ex
plorer's records and' proofs, and
. found them to- be conclusive of his
?claim that he had reached the Pole.
Report of the Committee.
"The substitute committee, to
-which was referred th? task of ex
amining the records of Commander
Peary in evidence of his 1 haring
?eacti?d the North Pole, * beg to re
port they have completed their task.
'.'Commander Peary has submitted
io this substitute committee his
-original journal and records of ob
. serrations, together with all of his
'instruments and apoaratus and cer
tain of the most important of the
scientific results of his expedition.
These have been carefully examined
by' your substitute committee and
they are unanimously of the opinion
. that Commander Pearv reached the
"North Pole on April 6, 1909.
"They also feel warranted in
-stating that the organization, plan
king and management of the exp?
PRESIDEN f TAF ? HAS GR
Charleston, S. C., Special.-Arriv
ing here at dusk Friday evening
President Taft had one of the most
picturesque receptions of his trip.
At the head of a procession of au
tomobiles, and escorted by an impos
ing array of military organizations he
passed through the principal business
^streets of the city, under arches of
electric lights that gave an illumina
tion almost equal to day. The sicje
-walks held a .throng that at places
overflowed into the streets and the
President's progress from the union
RUMOR. ABOUT EX - PRE?
New York, Special.-Anotiier of j
.those apparently absurd rumors that
bob up almost every time a prominent
anan gets out of direct touch with the!
?world, went skipping over the coun-j
try Friday concerning former Presi
dent Roosevelt. This will-o'-jbe
wisp had it that Mr. Roosevelt^had
tieen killed in Africa and because of
"the dangers of African hunting fresh
ly imprinted on the public mind by
FARMERS* JUNKET TO DUK1
Raleigh, Special.-Thc national
^farmers' congress, now holding an an
nual meeting here, was piloted to
"Durham to see the great tobacco fac
tories of the American Tobacco Com-?
;pany and to, Greensboro to inspect
the cotton mills of the Cones.
More t/.an five hundred delegates,
.coming from almost every State in
Before insuring elsewhcr
Old Line Companies.
At Thc Farmer?
sd to Study Iis Mys?
and Check Its ;
[ "Resolved,. That while sound corn
is in no way connected with pellagra,
evidences of the relation? between
the use of spoiled corn .nd the pre
valence wf pellagra seem so apparent
that vre advise continued and syste
matic study of the subject, and, in
the meantime, we commend to core
growers the great importance of fully
maturing corn upon the stalk before
cutting the same.
"Resolved. That the work of thii
conference be brought to the atten
tion of the various State and Terri
torial boards of health and they sev
erally be urged to specially investi
gate the disease, particularly as re
gards its prevalence, and that they
also see that the proper inspection
of corn products sold in the varioui
States be had."
In another resolution adopted, Dr.
Babcock was recognized "as th?
father of the movement for the studj
and control of pellagra in America."
Disease Attacks All.
One of the most interesting ad
dresses of the conference was deli
vered by Dr. Sara A. Castle cf Merid
ian, Miss., who mad? the somewhat
[startling statement that of the manj
cases of pellagra which she hal
treated since it was first recognised
in Meridian, six of the patients wer?
socially prominent in the city, an?"
five of these died. It is not necea
sarily a disease confined to the poor,
according to a prevailing popular im*
pression, declared Dr. Castle. All ol
lier patients were eaters of corn
bread and grits. She stated also
that several of her hookworm pa
tients subsequently developed pel
lagra and died.
Dr. J.. M. Buchanan of the State
hospital, Meridian, Miss., addressed
the conference on the treatment pf
cases in that institution. A number
of other addresses were delivered at
the closing sessions.
ENTISTS RECEIVES MEDAL.
dition, its complete success and its
scientific results reflect the greatest
credit on the ability of Commander
Robert E. Peary and render him
worthy of the highest honors that the
National Geographic Society can be
stow upon him. (Signed)
"C. M. Chester.
"O. H. Tittman.."
The resolutions adopted by thc So
ciety were as follows:
"Whereas, Commander Robert E
Peary has reached the North Pole,
the goal sought for centuries.
"Whereas, this is the greatest geo
graphical achievement that this (So
ciety can iave opportunity to honor,
' "Resolved, that a special medal
be awarded to Commander Peary.
"Resolved, that the question of
whether or not anyone reached the
North Pole prior to 1909 be referred
to the committee on researcli with in
structions to recommend to the board
of managers a Substitute committc-:
of experts who shall hare authority
to send for papers or to make such
journevs as may be necessary to in
spect records and that this action of
the Society be communicated at one?
to those who may have evidencs of
EAT TIME m CHARLESTON
station to the home of Mayor Rhett,
where he spent the night, w?s
marked by cheers. Mr. Taft is no
stranger to Charleston. He has been
here five times in recent years and
said in Savannah that ht "was go
ing home to Charleston." His recep
tion at night was a repetition of th*
cordial welcomes the President had
received elsewhere throughout the
South and which have made his stay
in this section of the country one of
tbe pleasantest features of thc long
il?ENT ROOSEVELT FALSE.
Mr. Roosevelt's magazine articles,
there was some uneasiness until
Douglas Robinson, Mr. Roosevelt'?
brother-in-law, said emphatically that
he took no .stock in such reports. Mr.
Robinson .branded the first vague re
ports of the day as false and when
informed that later rumors had it
that he (Mr. Robinson) had been ad
vised by cable of Mr. Roosevelt 'i
death, he authorized another vigorous
HAM TOBACCO FACTORIES.
the Union, enjoyed the junket, which
was made on a special train. The
visitors were delighted with i.he recep
tion given them every here.
Ambassador Bryce and Secretary
Wilson of the Department of Agri
culture at Washington, two of thc
most remarkable men of the agc.
were in th? party and made short
talks in both of the towns.
r & BYRD
e. We^represcnt the Best
Bank of Edgcfleld
The Clark School for the Deaf at
: Northampton, Mass., is the largest
j single beneficiary mid sr the terras
lof the will of the late Gertrude M.
1 Hubbard, who was killed in au au
tomobile aeident here October 15. In
leaving' $30,000 to that institution
she directs that it be used for the
erection of a memorial building to
her husband, the late Gardiner
Greene Hubard, the founder of the
Nation Georgraphic Society, in w;hose
honor the present home of the insti
tution was built.
The corwning event of the visit to
"Washington of the Commercial Com
missioners from Japan, headed by
Baron Shibusawa, came at, the end
of the three davs' festivities here,
when Mr. Matsui,' counselor and
charge d'affaires of the Japanese
Embassy, gave an elaborate dinner
in their honor at the Willard Hotel
Wednesday night. The dinner was
given on the birthday of the Japanese
The question of granting naturali
zation to Turkish subjects is for the
determination of compentent courts.
This is the attitude of the State De
partment as defined in a statement
issued Wednesday and is taken to
indicate that tho deparetment is not
prepared to accept without question
the conclusion of the Bureau of Nat
uralization that Turkish subjects are
not entitled to naturalization.
On the ground that they have sent
circular matter through the United
States mails exploiting the Hamburg
State lottery, fraud ordets have been
issued by the Postoffice Department
against Franz Steinbeck and C.
Schweedt, both of Hamburg, Ger
many. Loewenherz & Co., of Ham
burg, and Louis Gyrard, of Paris,
have also been placed under the ban.
Rich mineral deposits, principally
coal, have been discovered by Gov
ernment agents on large tracts of
public land in New Mexico, and the
Interior Department has withdrawn
from public entry class in that State
approximately 102,440 acres pending
A postal deficiency of $17,479,770,
an increase of $509,491 over last year
was announced in the annual report
of Merrit O. Chance, auditor of the
Postoffice Department, made public
Wednesday. The audited revenues
for the fiscal year ended June. 30 last
amounted to $203,562,383, an increase
of 0.31 per cent, over the preceding
year. The audited expenditures in
creased 6.07 per cent., including
losses hy fire, burglarly, etc.
A whirlwind tour of the city, a
pilgrimage to Washington's tomb at
Mount Vernon, and a sviit to the
Congressional Libarry and the Cap
itol filled the first day at "Washington
of the honorary commercial com
missioners of Japan.. The commis
sioners and their party were espec
ially pleased ^ith the Congressional
Library and the Capitol, which were
especially illuminated in their honor
Monday night. The flag on the Cap
itol flew at half-mast out of respect
to the memory of the late Prince Ito.
People who have recently delighted
in thc fact that the hook worm dis
euse was prevalent in the South, got
a good hard jt.. here Wdenesday
when it was reported that at. least
one hundred cases exist under the
very shadow of the Capitol dome.
The commander-in-chief of the
Pacific fleet reports by cablegram the
following deni hs in the fleet en route
from Honolulu to Manila, where lt
arrived Sunday: Roy E. Vermilyea,
Henry J.- Smith, Otto Doerr.
Imports into the United States
from the Philippines during Septem
ber, 1909, the first full month under
the new tariff, amounted to only
$S21,036, against $1,631,970 in Sep
tember of last vear. All the imports
last month entered free of duty ex
cept $426 worth. No sugar produced
in the Philippines was imported into
the United States during the month
though in September, 1908. the quan
tity was ' 35.168,000 pounds. The
August import statement showed 9.
856,000 pounds of sugar coming in
from the Philippine Islands free of
duty under the new tariff, as against
24,040.000 pounds dutiable in August
of the preeeeding year.
To devise some means of defense
against aerial hr "sion, the bureau of
ordinance of the War Department, it
was learned, is about to begin a series
of 'experiments of shooting at air
craft with cannon.
Ormsby McIIarg, Assistant Secre
tary of Commerce and Labor, retired
October 30th from that office to be
gin the practice of law in New York
Peruvian Guano Exhibit at State
The Peruvian Guano corporation of
Charleston had an interesting exhibit
in thc commercial building, which was
the only exhibit of fertilizing material
at the farr this year. The object of
the exhibit is not only to call the at
tention of farmers and others not al
ready familiar with it to thc value of
lin's wonderful fertiliser, but to cor
red, thc- false impression that it. is a
manufactured article. Thc Peruvan
guano concern, according to the com
pany, is as pure as the firsh shipload
brought to this country. It is thc un- J
surpassed product of nature, and can ?
not bo imitated- or approached by
chemistry. The comnany had the
gi-.ano on exhibit and took pleasure
in giving samples in convenient
packages to those interested.
A mother ls satisfied If her daugh- j
tor gots a igood steady man for a j
husband, muses the Atcbison Globe, j
but she demands a princess for hei.
SNAPPY ?ND BRIEF
Stems Gathered and Told While
You Hold Your Breath.
SOME EVERY DAY HAPPENINGS
Lively and Crisp1 as They Are Gar
nered. Pron the Fields of Action
at Home and Abroad. .
Thirty students of the Georgia Mil
itary academy are still sick frum the
eating of boneless ham that contain
ed ptomaine poison.
Two of Wilbur Wright's students
at College Park made a" fly of Cl 3-1
minutes duration Wednesday, exceed
ing all amateur records and coming
nearly up to their tutor.
Tom L. Johnson for 12 years mayor
of Cleveland, Ohio, was defeated in
the election Tuesday.
It is said that fie cranberry crop
of Massachusetts is 32 per cent and
that of New Jersey is 80 per cent
greater this year than last year, mak
ing something of an impetus to the
turkey Thanksgiving dinner.
The "loving cup" presented by
Mrs. Lindsey Patterson of Winston,
N. C., for the best literary work for
the past year was won bv Mr. Clar
ence Poe, editor of the Progressiv?
Farmer. It was presented on Thurs
day by Ambassador Brice who at
tended the farmers' congress at Ra
leigh. The book on which Editor Poe
won the prize is entitled "A South
erner in Europe."
The Seaboard Air Line Railroad is
now restored to the management of
its' regular officials, all of whom are'
retained and the policies are to be
continued by which the receivership
made it a crowning success.
A serious situation exists at Gass
away, W. Va., growing out of an
assault by a negro man on a white
woman. The supposed guilty party
was shot down while running to es
cape. Two others said to be accom
plices are in jail and mobocracy
reigns. Two military companies are
present but in answer to Gov. Glass
cox's direct question the captain said
his men had voted to do all they could
to save the prisoners except to shoot
their fellow citizens.
William Halloway, of Sioux City,
Iowa, had lost his sight. His son
Tom had been away for some time
and on visiting his father recently,
the latter buried his face on Tom's
shoulder and wept. When he wiped
away his tears he could see his son.
The Lakes-to-the-Gulf waterways
association mean to send 500 lobby
ists to the national capitol at the
next session of congress to urge ac
tion on the subject.
Trespassing on railroad property
in violation of law, says the Phila
delphia Dispatch, is responsible for
47.416 deaths in the United States
within, the last 10 years, and along
with these were more than "$50,000
Rougier, the French aeroplanist,
made a flight Tuesday at Antwerp,
in which he attained a height cf 880
The great national Farmers' Con
gress met. in Raleigh, N. C., Thurs
day. Ambassador Brice from the
court of St. James was the prin
cipal speaker and greatly pleased his
Gov. Ansel, of South Carolina, or
dered the dispensaries closed Friday
and Saturday as a means of preserv
ing the best cf behavior while Presi
dent Taft was the city's guest.
The National Association for the
study and prevention of pellagra vms
formed at Columbia, S. C., cn Thurs
day night at the close of a two days
conference for the study of the dis
Otto Mueller who murdered Annie
Luther in New York State now con
fesses to have murdered seven wives.
His motive seems always to have
been tn obtain a few hundred dollars\
Practicing physicians, heads of
medical colleges and prominent edu
cators will convene at New Haven.
Conn., on the 11th and 12th to con
sider means to lessen the mortality of
A monument to the Confederate ?
veterans of Granville, N. C., county
was unveiled at Oxford last Satur
Kentucky farmers not in the com
pact are again uneasy and are arm
ing against the outrageous barnburn
ing night riders.
Nine lives were lost in a burning
hanhi building at Johnsburg, Vt., on
Forty-five fine horses and mules
were burned in a livery stable firs
at Pelham, Ga., on Monday.
Two men were killed ;ind one was
seriously scalded in a freight wreck
at Hannastown, Pa.@, Saturday.
Milton Mullen, an old man living
near Rolfe, Logan county, W. "Va.,
believing that he was going to die re
vealed to his grand son the hiding
place in the ground of $7,000 which
he had accumulated. It was first
thought that his mind was wander
The New York to Atlanta autoists
reached Charlotte, N. C., Saturday
evening and left there Monday morn
A. J. Denton was instantly killed
and William Can-oil was seriously in
jured by a boiler explosion at Pur
cell, Lee county, Va., Monday. -
Bad political blood is again at the
boiling point in Jackson and Breath
itt counties, Ky.
John Stewart Kcnnedv, financier
and philanthropist, died in New York
Sunday of whooping cough at the age
cf 80 years, less two months.
Cadet Eugene Byrne died at West
Point. N. Y., Sunday from injuries
received in a game of foot hall.
WHAT'S THE MATTER WITHPI
New Rules Needed to lessen Chances o
Leads to Changes at Conference tc
to Saye Game or Abo Ash It-Ex
DEATH LIST IN
THREE GREAT SPORTS.
The following table gives the
comparative number of denths in
baseball, football and automobil
ing since '1005:
Year, ball. ball.
1905..... ll 21
Totals. . .115 S2 34 227
New York City.-The unfortunate
and untimely death of Cadet Byrne
has focussed American attention on
football as it is played to-day and
given to it the worst black eye it has
had in many a year. For coupled
with the West Point fatality is the
case of Midshipman Earl Wilson, the
Navy quarterback, who wa3 probably
mortally injured in a flying tackle in
the Annapolis-Villanova game.
Tho unfortunate accidents have ex
cited interest all over the country,
and the question that is being asked:
"Are such accidents avoidable?" is
being answered in the negative.
As a result of the death of Cadet
Byrne, of West Point, and the dan
gerous injury to Midshipman Wilson,
of Annapolis, in games of football, it
is likely some action will be taken
by the college football conference as
sociation to eliminate certain rough
features of the present game.
Four years ;<go, after the death of
Harold Moore, of Union College, who
was injured in a game with New
York University on. Ohio Field, a con
ference of universities and colleges
was called by Chancellor MacCracken,
of New York University, which prac
tically revolutionized the game. Mass
plays have given way for the greater
part to more scientific methods and
greater stress has been laid, experts
say, on speed than on weight. It
was thought the new rules of open
play, the forward pass and the out
side kick would minimize the danger
of the sport.
It has been said that the greatest
of injuries come from the bruising
mass plays, but it is pointed out in a
very significant manner by those op
posed to even the so-called new game,
that Villanova has a lighter team
than the Navy, and that .the weight
question, therefore, can hardly enter
into the present discussion.
The opinion was general among all
the ex-college players seen that the
trouble lies not in the differences of
weight, not in the differences in meth
ods of training-for it is pointed out
that the best conditioned undergrad
uate bodies in the world are the corps
of cadets at West Point, and the
brigade of midshipmen at Annapolis
-not in inferior football knowledge,
not in any of the usually accepted
theories, but in the rules themselves.
There never was a harder player,
a more difficult man to stop, or one
who knew more of the ins and outs
of mass playing under the old rules
than Robert P. Kernan, of Harvard.
In discussing the nev,- game, as op
posed to the old, with particular re
gard as to whether the rules had been
really revised, he said:
"They say they've opened the
game. Maybe they think they have.
But just look carefully at the penal
ties that surround an incompleted
forward pass. On the first and second
downs an incompleted forward pass
entails the loss of fifteen yards. Well,
a team's hardly going to take a
chance on that play; then, when lt
has. it is backed up somewhere near
its own goal line or even in its own
territory anywhere when it's playing
against an opponent of nearly equal
strength. It would indeed be too haz
"Again, on the third down, if a
team tries to pull off the forward
cass and it falls to the ground, the
Cornell Scientist Compares Football
to Bull-I?aiting and Prize Fighting.
Ithaca, N. Y.-Burt G. Wilder, the
Cornell scientist, attacked football
again, advocating its abolishment.
While he declared that the recent
casualty had no particular influence
on his mind, he hoped the views of
other men might be changed.
He said he would rather encourage
bull-baiting and prize fighting than
football on the ground that resultant
deaths would help the community.
He used one of his favorite farms,
calling football a relic of barbarism.
Thc Field of Sports.
.lack Johnson is G feet \i inch In
height. James J. Corbett is C feet
1 inch tall.
The Detroit Baseball Club will net
a profit of $200,000 on the season
The sixteenth annual relay races of
the University of Pennsylvania will
be held on Franklin Field, Philadel
phia, on April CO next.
Arthur Irwin, who studies baseball
closely, says the Detroits lost the
world's championship because the
Pittsburgs made a d:ad set for Cobb
OE LAY OR
' G. Williams, in the Indianapolis News.
KNT-DAY FOOTBALL GAME?
f Fatal Injuries-Death of Cadet Byrne
> Be Held-Up to Rules Committee
pressions From College Centres.
ball goes to the opponents on the spot
where the ball was put in play for
that third down. Who's going to try
a forward pass under such condi
tions? Naturally enough, since they
are hampered by such a rule, a team
in its own territory has simply got to
stick to line bucking on the first two
downs and punting on the third."
Asked how he would remedy this
difficulty, Mr. Kernan said:
"Easy and simple. Let them re
move these penalties, or else modify
No Remedy, Says Coach Warner.
Carlisle, Pa. - Glenn S. Warner,
the Carlisle Indian football coach,
"Of course football is a rough game
and there is an element of danger in
it, probably but little more so that in
other branches of athletics. It is sim
ply an unfortunate coincident that
these accidents have happened. They
are not due to any radical fault in the
game, and I don't see any way to rem
edy the rules to make football less
rough, although I think changes can
be made in the rules to make it a bea
Principal Wants to Stop the Game.
Brooklyn, N. Y;-Dr. William Fair
ley, at Commercial High School,
"I thoroughly disapprove of foot
ball, and I wish I could stop it imme
diately. It is rough and brutal and
should be abolished. I am writing to
the parents of the football players in
my school, hoping that enough will
prohibit their sons from playing so
that the team will break up. I am
also demanding a signed statement
from the family physicians declaring
the candidates to he physically fit to
play." j j
Fighting Safer Than Football. *
Pittsburg, Pa.-Because of the re
cent football fatalities, Samuel An
drews, superintendent of,the public
schools of Tittsburg, took a decided
stand against the game, and it is
probable that every influence will be
brought to bear for the suppression
of football here.
"I think fighting is a better sport,'*
said Superintendent Andrews. "Too
many young men are killed and seri
ously injured in football, and the
game should be done away with."
No Remedy, Saj-s Referee Sharpe.
Philadelphia.-Dr. A. L. C. Sharpe,
the famous Yale player of the '90's,
now acting as athletic director at the
William Penn Charter School in Phil
adelphia, who served as referee of tho
Harvard-West Point game, stated that
the fatality was due to an "unfortu
nate accident as distressing as un
"There was no fault of the coaches
that contributed to Byrne's death. I
noted that he was in fine physical
shape, in perfect health, I might say.
I was behind the Harvard line at the
time of the accident. Just as soon as
the ball was snapped back Byrne dove
in between left tackle and guard. The
Harvard players moved right on and
Byrne was stretched on the field. The
whole thing-occurred so quickly that
no one will ever know just how it did
actually occur. It was not due to the
roughness of the game, for I have sel
dom officiated in a football game
which was so cleanly and fairly
played. There was not the faintest
indication of unnecessary violence,
and no uncalled for piling upon the
player after he had been thrown."
"Can you suggest any modification
of the rules which might insure more
safety to the players?" was asked.
"No," was Dr. Sharpe's emphatic
reply. "Most of the injuries in foot
ball to-day resulted from tackles, and
if you were to eliminate tackling you
could not play football. Personally I
think that all the criticism of football
and present football rules is unde
served. Football is too firmly estab
lished as a sport of the colleges to be
abolished because of fatal injuries in
Yale Ms.n to Be Carefully Watched
For Signs, of Exhaustion.
New Haven. - Although no Yale
football officials admit need of foot
ball reform, two strict innovations
will mark Yale's remaining games of
the season. No diving tackles will be
allowed, and Mack, the trainer, will
promptly remove any player who
shows signs of exhaustion.
. It'is certain that the Yale facility
will hold a protracted discussion on
football, but will not act until they
note how many players are injured in
the remaining games.
Items of Interest.
Unionists are hopeful of victory In
The United States Pacific fleet ar
rived at Manila.
Cases of champagne to the number
of 150.000 were released from bond
at the New York Customs House.
Four British warships have arrived
at Pbalernm, near the Piraeus after
the revolt in the Greek navy had
Leading physicians and pilanthro
plc workers decided to meet in New
Haven to consider means of prevent
ing infant mortality.
LABOR LEADERS LOSE
Gompers, Morrison and Mitch
el] Not Sustained in Appeal.
ONE APPEAL YET FOR THEM.
Penalty of Imprisonment by Lower
. Court, For Contempt to be Fought
to the End.
Washington, Speeial.*-The decree
of the Supreme Court of the District
of Columbia adjudging President
Samuel Gompers, Secretary Frank
Morrison and Vice President John
Mitchell of the American Federation
of Labor guilty of contempt of court
in the Buck's Stove and Range case
was affirmed Tuesday by the court of
appeals of the District of Columbia.
The case will now be taken to the Su
preme Court of the United States.
Chief Justice Sheppard dissented
from the opinion of the court o:a con
The court held that the fundament
al issue was whether the constitution
al agencies of the government should
be obeyed or defied. The mere fact
that the defendants were the officer?
of organized labor in America, said
the court, lent importance to the
cause and added to the gravity of the
situation, but it should not be per
mitted to influence the result.
"If the organization of citizens,
however large," the court held, "may
disobey the mandates of the court,
the same reasoning would render them
subject to individual defiance. Both
are subject to the law and neither ia
above it. If a citizen, though he may
honestly believe that his rights have'
been invaded, may elect who and te
what extent he will obey the man
dates of the court and the require
ments of the law as interpreted by
the court, instead of pursuing the or*
derly course of appeal, not only the
courts but government itself would
become powerless and surely would
be reduced to a state of anarchy. ' ?
The action of the Supreme Court.
of the District of Columbia in sen
tencing Samuel Gompers, John Mitch
ell and Frank Morrison of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor to 12, 9 and
6 months' imprisonment in jail re
sepctivety, was the result of the fail
ure of these three defendants to obey
the order of tho court directing them
to desist fi'om placing the Buck's
Stove & Range Company of St.
Louis, Mo., on their unfair list in the
prosecution of their boycott against
While the name of the corporation
was romeved from the unfair list o?
the federation, Messrs. Gompers and
Mitchell continued to keep alive the
boycott by frequent r?fr?n?es to it
in The Federationist, the official or
gan of the federation. Mr. Mitchell
was involved in the trouhle by reason
of his membership on the executive
board of tile federation and because .
it was alleged he had made no effort
to prevent the adoption of a resolu
tion at the convention of the United
Mine Workers of America in antag
onism to the Buck's Stove & Range .
Company. The result of the boycottv
it was said was to cause a decline in .
the business of the stove and ranga
company of 50 per cent.
The boycott placed by the federa
tion against the prodaets of the
Buck's Stove & Range Company grew
out of a fight made by the metal pol-1
ishers' union and supported by the
federation for an eight instead of a
nine hour day. This was resisted by
the company and The Federationist
published the name of Bucks Stove &
Range Company under the caption of
"We Don't Patronize."
Gomper's Comment on Decision.
New York, Special.-President
Samuel Gompers of the American
Federation of Labor, issued a state?
ment in regard to? the decision.
. "With all due respect to the major
ity of the court I cannot sui-render ,
constitutionally guaranteed rights be
cause a judge will issue an injunction
invading and denying th?se rights.
Chief justice Sheppard's dissenting
opinion is in defense of the constitu
tional and inherent rights. Minority
opinions of courts in the past in
which human rights have been invad
ed have ultimately prevailed, become
the law of the land and the generally
accepted rule of life, and I have an
abiding faith that the rule in this
case will prove no exception.
"If I must go to jail I shall have
the consciousness of the fact that
other men have iu the past been COM
pclled to suffer in defense of justice
and right in the cause of humanity
and for the maintenance of human
"I intend to stay over here Wed
nesday to finish my report for the an
nualaconvention at Toronto and also
to attend the wedding of the daugh
ter of a very dear friend of mine,
but I am going to change my plans
ar.d shall leave so I can get into
Washington as soon as I can. I
want to he within the jurisdiction of '
the court whatever disposal is made
of the case."
Mr. Van Cleave's Comment.
St. Louis. Special.-J. W. Van
Cleve, president of the Buck's Stove
and Range Company, Tuesday in tx
statement concerning the decision in
the case of Gompers, Morrison and
"The assault upon me hy the Am
erican Federation of Labor in 190(5
was plotted in co id blood. I was as
saulted not as an individual hut ns
president of the National Association
of Manufacturers. The federation,
did this in order to s>ow its power.
It aimed to strike terror into every
body outside its own ranks-workers,
employers and the ceneral public
alike, and to coerce the President of.
thc United States, the Congress and.
the courts, Federal and State, to dc?
"It must be remembered that these
men are not convicted because of
their attempt to destroy the business;
of the Buck's Stove and Range Com
pany but because they openly defied!
the order of the Federal c/urt."