Newspaper Page Text
"0 weather-cock," the turkeys said,
_Upon an autumn morning,
good lookout, and turn about.
J And mind you give us warning.
"We haven't got a calendar
To tell us of the date;
So watch you for Thanksgiving signs
.Before it is too late."
"Elvira Amanda was to be exactly
seven years old on Thanksgiving Day,
^on November the twenty-seventh,
nineteen hundred and two, and she
had been invited to spend this double
holiday with, her Grandmother
Amanda: In point of fact, Elvira
Amanda had already been at Grand
mother. Amanda's two days.
Elivra Amanda was named for both
her grandmothers, and Grandmother
Elvira was coming to be with them
at Grandmother Amanda's house on
Thursday. The grandmothers took
xturns witt. Elvira Amanda's birth
' days. One year Grandmother Amanda
would make the feast and invite the
grandchild, and the next year Grand
mother Elvira would do th? inviting
and the entertaining. ' '
Since her arrival-for her birthday
was always a week-long holiday
little Elvira Amanda hid spent a good
deal of her time in the big kitchen.
Melissa, the cook, was delightfully
^busy. Hying about as<** lugging pots
and pans to and ^?and had so many
different things in preparation fer
steaming and roasting, baking and
frying, that the little guest-of-honor
sometimes felt her head whirl, and
didn't see how Melissa could possibly
. ' servo the Thanksgiving dinner
straight and orderly; and, when
Thanksgiving eve finally came, she
.was so tired and excited she couldn't
go to sleep.
So Grandmother Amanda came up
"^stairs and sat down by the bed to
read to her. Grandmother Amanda
didn't possess many children's books,
but at last she found the little old
Cinderella primer she used to love
?when a child hesES??. "A very suita
ble story for Thanksgiving," she
thought, "vrith the pumpkin coach
.l .and all! "
Grandmother Amands. began to read,
enjoying the story ever so much her
self as she went' on; but her little
granddaughter didn't hear the end of
the tale, for suddenly, after a time,
jg: /her attention was called away by
H some'one speaking to her under the
^. "Elvira Amanda! Amanda Elvira! "
She jumped out of bed, and ran to
look out, and there in the garden,
standing under the old sweeting tree,
was a little,rosy-cheeked boy in a cap
anc xilster, looking up at the window.
"Hurry and dress!" he called, "for
I Lave come to take you, to your
. Grandmother Amanda's to eat your
birthday dinner! You will have to
make haste! "
"Why, I am at her house now!"
said little Elvira Amanda.
"Oh, no, you aren't. You are out
|i? in the country! "
Elvira Amanda leaned out of the
' window and looked. Sure enough, it
wasn't Grandmother Amanda's little
??;':prim village garden. There -were no
other houses in sight. Broad fields
stretched away as far as she could
see, and near the house was an
orchard and some barns. She cer
tainly was not at Grandmother
"You'll have to hurry," called the
H rosy-cheeked boy, "or I mayn't get
you there in time. Come down to the
ki cate when you're ready. I must go
back and- see to my horse." And
away he walked as/fast as he could
go. Elvira Amanda put on her cape
coat and her warm red-riding-hood,
I and tucked in her curls as neatly as
possible, and ran down stairs to the
front door and down to the gate.
There stood the rosy-cheeked.- hoy,
reins in hand, beside a beautiful
pumpkin coach, and harnessed to the
. coach was a magnificent turkey-a
j? "Shall I get in?"* asked she, hardly
^bowing what she was expected to do.
"Why, of course," said the coach
; man, and they both stepped in; and
then he spoke to the turkey, and ^he
turkey answered, "Gobble, gobble,
slr," and away they rolled.
It was rough riding, as there were
seemingly m?ny stones in the frozen
road;.and their steed went so fast
. that he made these stones fly all
about, and some flew up into the
coach, but didn't seem to do any
if* The Widow's Dinner.on Thanksgiving
.-E. J. & H. D. Lee, Pennsylvania, in
i/\ 1 rLCvv' AWAY.
"Why, surelj'," said the friendly bird,
"I'll cock nay ?weather eye
Arid tell you when the pumpkins come,
To make the pumpkin pie."
Thanksgiving morn the fanner cried:
"They've gor.e- that horrid flock!
There's not a bird to cook unless /
We cook the weather-cock!"
"I never saw such a rocky, stony
road! " panted little Elvira Amanda at ? ;
last, 'deathless with ' being jolted :
about. "I never saw so many stones :
in a road before!" i
"These are not stones," said the i
coachman, laughing. "These are i
j Thanksgiving nuts." He flourished i
his whip again, and the turkey an- i
i swered, "Gobble, sir," in a willing '
tone, and the pumpkin coach rattled 1
on faster than before, while the nuts ]
danced up and down higher than i
"What a beautiful green whip you 1
have!" said the little girl. "I never ;
have seen one like it! " s
"Oh, it's a celery whip," said he, 1
showing it to her, "a Thanksgiving
whip. You must always carry a eel- 1
erv whip when you drive a Thanks- :
giving turkey. If this were a Christ- 1
mas turkey, you would ride much 1
faster, for there would be snow on the 1
ground-powdered-sugar snow, you s
know; and your coach would be on j
runners:-a plum-pudding coach with 1
chocolate trimmings, and I should ?
drive the turkey with a candy cane!" s
"Oh, I dearly, dearly should love t
to ?ide in a plum-pudding coach!" i
laughed out the little guebt, thrilling i
with pride at the idea of driving up \
to Grandmother Amanda's in such
"Yes, a plum-pudding coach is cer
tainly fine," said the rosy-cheeked
charioteer, "but a Thanksgiving tur
key will not draw a plum-pudding
coach. He will draw only a pumpkin j
coach. He would soon make mince
The Fortune Teller.
moat of a Christmas carriage, I can I
tell you." *
And at this minute, with a flourish j,
of his beautiful pale green celery
whip, he drew up at Grandmother
Amanda's door, and the big bronze
turkey stood stock-still, with his red
wattles glowing and puning, and re
marked, "Gobble, sir, gobble!"
The driver jumped out, ran up the
steps, and into the vestibule, where he
rapped three times on the sitting ;
room door. !,
"Are you awake, darling?" asked *
Grandmother Amanda, looking out at
the door-or was it in at the door?
Elvira A.manda pat up in bed in
the broad daylight, and looked about
her, blinking and bewildered. "Where
are the pumpkin and, the turkey?"
asked she. ?
. "Where are the pumpkin and the
turkey-why, bless your heart, they
are downstairs in the kitchen, of
course!" laughed Grandmother ,
Amanda. - '
"Oh, no. grandma! I just came,
you know, in the pumpkin. And you
can't begin to think how that turkey
galloped all the way."
"What is the child talking about?"
laughed Grandmother Amanda, again. |
"But jump right up now, dearie, and
dress as fast as you can. You are
seven years old this minute, and Me
lissa has breakfast all ready, and j
Grandmother Elvira has just driven
up."-Elizabeth S. Hicok, in Little
All aboard on the Pie Line!
Come people, grave and gay.
We're going down
To spend Thanksgiving Day.
All aboard on the Pie Line!
But bring along no care.
The first stop will
We take on pumpkins there.
All aboard on the Pie Linc!
The rates are far from high.
A slice of ham,
A good fat yam
A Pullman seat will buy.
All aboard on the Pie Line!
We'll trust you for the pay.
But come on down
To spend Thanksgiving Day!
-Kansas City Journal.
The Thanksgiving Pie.
No Thanksgiving dinner or supper
party is complete without its "pie."
It is infinitely jollier than a grabbag
and far more decorative. As a rule
this feature is brought on the last
thing before dessert, when the table
ts cleared and there is plenty of room
for the voluminous crinkly paper
skirts of the old witch who presides
over the pie or for the basket which'
contains the "goodies." These pies
ire made to order and the foundation
is usually a deep basket or bowl filled
svith cotton, in which downy nest the
four and twenty-four blackbirds, or
presents - if there are that many
iuests-are .concealed. . The bowl is
;hen covered with puffings and deep
'rills of pumpkin colored crepe paper,
ind in tho centre is stuck a good
dzed papier mache witch, with her
)ody showing only from the waist up.
Yellow or red ribbons attached to
he favors are run through the fluffy
ind ample skirt of the witch, and
;hen the ends are festooned so as to
ook like trimming. It is the ends of
:hese loops that, the dinner guests
-From Goci Housekeeping.
?eize, each in turn, to pull out their,
dums. ' Jeweled nuts, vanity cases
lidden in tiny gold almonds, walnuts
md apples, enameled fruits and blos
?onis, horns of plenty or anything
hat savors of the bounteous feasts
vhen food was simpler and not less
iftpetizing than it is to-day are ap
Wash and pick over two qnarts ot
:ranberries; place over the fire in a
granite kettle and cover with a quart
)f cold water; let simmer until the
)erries are soft, then strain through
i jeliy bag; measure the juice,, re
urn to the kettle and boil twenty
nlnutes, then add the same amount
)f sugar that you had berries at first
(two quarts); stir until the sugar is
llssolved and cook five minutes; dis
;olve a tablespoonful of gelatine in a
ittle cold water and add to the jelly;
;urn into individual molds and serve
vith whipped cream. This jelly may
je cut into squares and used for gar
fish ing. . "
Among the latest activities of awak
mlng China is to be a series of mo
or cars across the Gobi desert to re
dace the tea caravans of old. The
?ervice will cross the desert between
Jrga and Kalgan, which will shortly
)e connected with Pekin by rail.
>fut?(te Rc. Cojjec
News Note's of General Interest
From All Parts of thc State.
The Approaching Anti-Tuberculosis
From Hie New York headquarters
of the National Association for the
Study and Prevention of Tubercu
losis, announcement is made that the
campaign against tuberculosis to be
pushed in South Carolina following
the holidays will be helped along by
a number of physicians and others
who are members of the National
Association. Among . those who aro
thus interested are te ? "following :
Dr. C. C. Gambrel, and Dr. Gottlob
A. Neuffer, Abbeville. Dr. Walter H.
Nardin, Anderson, Dr. Cas. F. Mc
Gaban, Aiken, Dr. John W. Corbett.
Camden, Dr. C. F. Williams, Colum
bia, Dr. Robert A. Marsh, Edgefield,
Dr. James Adams Hayne, Greenville,
Dr. W. J. Burdell, Lugoff, Dr. M. D.
Sullivan, Pclzer, Dr. W. B. Young,
Rock Hill, Dr. Walter Cheyne and
Miss Armido Moses, Anti-Tubercu
losis League of Sumter, Dr. S. C.
Cathcart, Dr. J. L. Dawson, Mr. R.
A. Gadsden and Dr. Robt. Wilson,
President Desl?a Breckinridge of
the Lexington, Ky., Herald, has writ
ten the following letter:
"Regarding the American Tuber
culosis Exhibition which has opened
a campaign in the Carolinas I take
very great nleasure in writing you
of the splenuid results of the tuber
culosis exhibition held in Lexington
under the auspices of the National
Association for the Study and Pre
vention of Tuberculosis.' I do not
know of any exhibit ever held here
which aroused more interest or will
be of more service to the community.
Its effect in stirring .the imagination
of the people and making them real
ize the terrific conditions which
exist, due to the prevalence of tu
berculosis, as well as instructing
them in methods to prevent and curs
it, will be of untold benefit. I con
sider the effect of the ten days dur
ing which the exhibition was here
greater in aiding the fight against
tuberculosis than that of all the work
done up to that time. .
Fines Only $1,000 .This Year. \
Columbia, Special.-The fair visi
tors of 1909 were more orderly than
those of 190S, if the police-court re
cowls are an index to ?' e behavior
of the visiting throng. The number
of cases tried by the recorder during
last week, reached 179, while last
yeal', during fair week, 210 cases
The fines of 1909 reached $1,000,
while in 1908 the city realized $1,70Q
for the week's business. Last year,
however, a number of the fair week
visitors chose poker for entertain
ment and were arrested abd forced
to put up bonds for their appear
ance. They let their bai?^alk for
them in recorder 's courts and these
rather large sums helped boost the
?ash side of the ledger.
This year the weather was. so
pleasant that thc strangers within the
-gate? found enough to occupy them
outside and but few poker games
were launched, hence the eily did not
receive this additional revenue.
Fairs Fer Pee Dee Section.
Florence. Special.-The Pee Dee
section convention, which concluded
its business herc Tuesday and which
was designed to promote the develop
ment of the Pee Dee section of South
Carolina, in all departments, has
been a success in every particular.
Out of i he convention has grown the
Pee Dee F:<ir association, which as
James D. Evans announced, is as
sured of ample capital. The asso
ciation proposes to hold its annual
meeting just before the State fair,
afterwards sending the exhibits to
the central fair at L-olumbia.
Fourth Day ci Colored Fair.
Batesburg, Special.-Thursday, thc
fourth day of thc colored State fair,
was a decided success. Thc weather
has been ideal, the attractions plen
tiful and good, and the crowd large
and orderly. It is estimated that as
many as 8,000 people were in the
gates during the day. There were
races, exhibits, awarding of prizes
and several novel contests.
New Librarian Chosen.
Columbia, Special-The Rev. H. A.
Whitman, of this city, has been ap
pointed librarian of the State Su
preme Court temporarily to fill the
vacancy caused by the death of Mr.
John S. Reynolds, for nine .years
librarian of the Supreme Court. It
is presumed the permanent appoint
ment will bc made when Hie Supreme
Court convenes this month.
Mr. Whitman is a Harvard gradu
ate, and one of the most scholarly
gentlemen in the State, having been
a student of the law, though never
admitted to the bar.
Freight Train Attached.
Walterboro, Special.-No little in
terest was attached to thc serving of
some papers by Deputy Sheriff Buck
ner Monday morning on the local
freight train. The execution was
taken out by Padgett & Leniacks,
who attached the freight engine and
train for the non-payment of a
judgment against thc Coast Line.
Sheriff Buckner locked the wheel
of the locomotive and trafiic was
tied up for several hours.
C., C. & O. About Ready For Com- [
Columbia, Special.-The Railroad
Commission is in receipt of a letter
from Division Engineer A- W. Jones
of the South & Western, more popu
larly kr.owu as thc C., C. & O. road,
that the road will be ready for a
complete inspection in a few days, j
when it will he ready to file tariffs
an dbegin operations regularly. Mr.
Jones writes that 200 men are now
engaged in ballasting the road from
Broad river to Spartanburg and in
putting down 60 curs of ballast a day.
COLORED PAIR A SUCCESS
Attendance ?s Large, Exhibits Are
Good and Crowd is Well-Echavcd.
Batesburg, Special.-The coloreJ
State Fair look Batesburg by storm.
The whole thing was a success.' The
towu was full of colored people.
Wednesday was the third flay of thc
Fair and a more orderly crowd of peo
ple never assembled in any place.
There had not been an arrest of am
one so far. Good order is the watch
word, and it is being carried out to
perfection. There are quite a num
ber of prominent negroes here from
various parts of the State, and they
seem to be prosperous and well be
There was a colored man by the
name of Walker here from Sumter.
He is a credit to his race; every time
he speaks he says something that has
a meaning to it. His counsel to the
negroes is along the proper lines. He
tells them to slick to agriculture and
try to produce something. He takes
the position that towns and cities
have a tendency to lower and demor
alize the colored race.
The Rev. Richard Carroll is one
of the moving spirits at the Fair. He
is president, and what I13 says has
weight. He is opposed to side shows
and carnivals at the fairs. He takes
the position that carnivals and side
shows are a menace to any town. The
exhibits at the Fair, are very good,
and speak volumes for a race of peo
ple that have been free for only a
little over forty years. The field
crops of all kinds were theie in abun
dance. The stock was good-such as
horses, mules, cattle and hogs. The
art and household department was
well represented. President Carroll
selected judges from the white -citi
zens of the town to pass on th^ mer
its of the various exhibits.
E. D. Bigham Declares Physician Has
Not Left Greenville,
Greenville, Special.-Dr. G. C.
Bigham, convicted of manslaughter
for the killing of his wife near
Gcorgtown, who has been out on bond
of $1,500 pending appeal of his case,
but who has been searched for in vain
for the past few days by the sheriff
cf Florence county, who wished to
arrest him, is. at present in Green
ville and has been herc for the past
thr' '.cks. He has a number of
relanves'in this section and has been
spending the .time visiting them. On
account of a dc-iay in filing the notice
of appeal "in the case, which delay
caused the notice of appeal to be void,
the .sheriff of Florence county was or
dered^ to apprehend Bigham and
Avant, who jointly were convicted of
the killing of Mrs. Bigham; Avant,
learning that he was wanted, came
,in and surrendered, and is now in jail,
but the sheri (t's search for Bigham
was fruitless. At that time it was
supposed i hat he had fled the Stale,
but it now develops that he is in
Greenville and has been here for some
lime past. Bigham was convicted
and sentenced at the last term of
court to three years and a lin If at
!:ard labor. The bond fixed for the
men while they were.wailing appeal
in the case was $1.300 each, having
been reduced from $2,500 after the
conclusion of the trial.
Killed on the Track. -
Newberry,- Special.-Logan Bern*
was killed Thursday' about 1 o'clock
by a Columbia, Newberry and Laur
ens passenger train while walking on
the track about four miles east of
Newberry. Joe Lawrence, who was
with hin;, was struck by the train J
but not seriously injured. It seems
that Beiiw and Lawrence were walk
ing on the track just below Mr. F.
P. Wicker's, where the Southern and
the Colombia, Newberry and Laur
ens tracks are very close together.
They were making their way from
Columbia to Clinton.
Hughes Will Go to Penitentiary.
Bamberg, Special-After being out
two hours in the case of Peg Leg
Hughes for t'xi killing of W. B.
Causey clerk of the court of Hamp
ton county, thc jury returned a ver
dict of guilty of murder, with recom
mendation to mercy. A motion for a'.
new trial was made, but withdrawn
soon afterwards. Judie Gage im
mediately sentenced Hushes to life
imprisonment in the penitentiary, lt
is understood that the jury agreed on
the- first ballot, the foreman merelv
slating his opinion and asking all
who agreed with hi m?o step on thc
Big Sugar Plant For Charleston.
Branchville. Special.-Thc Ameri
can Sugar Refining company will
establish a plant at Charleston to cost
some millions of dollars-that is the
rumor thal one hears on railroad
trains. The rumor may bo a wild
one and exaggerated, bili it is said
that even now arrangements are be
ing made to obtain such authorization
by way of charter or commission as
is necessary from the secretary of
state's office in Columbia.
Ungrateful Husband Beats Wife Who
Stood by Hin.
Spartanburg, Special.-W. D. Dun
bar, who was released from jai1
Thursday afternoon through thc ef
forts of his wife, Thursday made a
brutal assault upon her at the Nor
mandy hdlel, beating her in the face
until she was black and blue. Hw
was arrested and lodged in the sta
tion house, and Friday morning in
police court he was fined $50 or
thirty days at hard labor.
WASHINGTON NOTES 1
In an opinion by Justice Holmes
the Supreme Court of the United
States decided against thc complain
ants the case of the 13,000 Choctaw
and Chickasaw Indians who asked
for redress for being; excluded from
the citizenship rolls of those nations
when they were prepared by Secre
tary Hitehock, of the Interior De
partment, on March 4, 1907.
Since the German naval strength
in the last year has jumped over thai,
of France in tonnage ' afloat and over
the United States in tonnage afloat
and under construction the question
as to whether the' United States
should increase her building program
will be taken under consideration at
once by the General Board, with
Captain Andrews, naval adviser to
the Secretary of the Navy, partici
Capt. William A. Marshall, whe
has commanded the armored cruiser
North Carolina since that vessel was
placed in commission two years ago,
has been selected by Rear-Admiral
W. P. Potter, Chief of Navigation,
as' commandant of the Norfolk Navy
Yard. It is expected that the selec
tion will be 'approved by Secretary
Meyer and orders issued this week.
The production of 78.3 per cent of
a full crop of peanuts for 1909 is
estimated by the Department of Ag
riculture in a crop report issued
Monday. This is a decrease of 4.2
per cent, from last year's crop.
Among the first questions which
will be presented for the considera
tion of Congress when it convenes
will be the change-of the date of in
auguration Day, Commissioner
Henry B.. F. MacFarland. chairman
of the national committee, announced.
Backed up by the Governors of 46
States, by stroug popular support
of the movement and a batch of
photographs which would give any
Senator past the age of 40, a pul
monary shiver, Mr. Macfarland will
begin the assault with heavy ammu
nition. The committee will also pre
sent statistics showing the death toll
from pneumonia contracted by vis
itors and the soldiery last inaugura
tion. The local members feel that
their efforts will meet with success
The recommendation of the joini
army and navy board that Pearl
Harbor, in the Hawaiian islands, he
made the great naval station in the
Pacific was. approved Thursday by
President Taft In doing this it
was decided that a temporary naval
station only would be constructed at
Olongapo and that the proposed im-'
provement of. Manila harbor be aban
doned. This will leave the protec
tion of the Philippine islands io the
British capital practically has cap
tured the South Ameiican commercial
field and American business men will
have to exert the most strenuous '*?
forts to overcome the lead the Eng
lishmen have acquired in that section
of the world. This is the warning
issued by Alfred A. Winslow, United
States Consul at Yalpariso, Chile.
He reports to the Department of
Commerce and Labor that thc amount
of money invested by Britons iu
South American industries has reach
ed the enormous sum of $3,290,023,
300, which is divided among invest
ments in Government and municipal
bonds, railroads, commercial interests
and banks. The prospects for busi
ness there are unlimited, but Ameri
can manufacturers and business men
must seek it earnestly and furnish
better goods than their European
competitors to capture it.
Engineering problems as present
ed in the construction of the Union
Station and the Connecticut avenue
bridge here were studied Saturday
by the members of the Appalachian
Engineering Association in a day of
sightseeing about the city, spent in
examining engineering works and dis
cussing topics of interest with mem
bers of the Forestry Bureau, Geo
logical Survey and other Government
Leading officers of the naval militia
of various States discussed at a con
ference here Saturday a plan of cam
paign to induce Congress to extend
to the naval militia of the country
the provisions of the Dick National
Guard law. Those attending were:
Capt. Warren F. Purdy, Illinois:
Commander Joseph M. Mitcheson,
Pennsylvania; Capt. James P. Parker,
Massachusetts; Cap. Edward M.
Peters, New Jersey; Capt. S. W.
Stratton, District of Columbia, and
Commander Charles C. Marsh, of tho
Word has been received here fr?im
Senor de la Barra, Mexican Ambas
sador to the United States, announc
ing the death of his wife, Senoro
de la Barra, in Paris. She had been
in failing heall h for the, last two
years and was not able to accompany
lier husband to thc United States
wi)en he arrived here last Fcruary,
having been promoted from the posi
tion of Minister at Brussels to that
of Ambassador at Washington.
Preparations to test the biggest
gun the navy has yet undertaken to
try out will begin when the new 14
ir.ch cannon just completed by th's
Midvale Steel Company, of Phila
delphia, arrives at the Washington
Navy Yard. The monster is on its
way here and everything is prepared
lo rush thc finishing touches on it.
These will include the installation of
the breech mechanism. As soon a?
the gun .is ready for the firing tests,
it will be loaded on a lighter and tow
ed to the proving grounds at Indian
Assuming the-average width of tho
rights of way of country roads in- the
United States to be forty feet, the
area of such rights of, way in 1904
amounted to 10,431,727 acres. Esti
mating the value of this land on a ba
sis of the valuation of farm lands in
each State, the approximate value of
the rights of way of all the public
roads would be 8341,899,306. . ?
much higher valuation would be am
ply justified by the fact that in sec
tions where the mileage of road3 Is
greatest the land is considerably
above the average in value. A much'
higher estimated value would also
result from assuming that rights, of
way of roads are as valuable as the
contiguous farm lands, which are al
ways worth considerably more than,
tbs general average. The value of
the rights of way, however, consti
tutes a very small part of the value
af the roads when we take into .con
sideration the amount that is expend
ed in material and labor in improving
and maintaining them.
It was generally believed at the
time when railroad building was first
undertaken in this country that tho
railroad would supplant the wagon
road, and this line of reasoning ac
counts in a large measure for tiie neg
lect of the common roads from about
1835- until about 1890. The neces
sity for the improvement bf the com?
mon roads is impressing itself upon,
the people more now than, at any time .
in the history of the country. The
mileage of public roads is gxeater
now than it has ever been, and the ex
tension of railroad and trolley lines
has induced such an amazing develop
ment of the country's resources as:to
bring about a remarkable increase in
trafile over the common reads. The
heads of the great railroad systems
are now seriously directing their ef
forts toward securing the improve-,
ment Of the common roads, which '
they recognize as feeders to their
railroad lines. For every mile ol' rail
road we have about ten miles Of
wagon roads. ,
How Roads Were Ordinarily Laid Ont.
The majority of all the roads in
this country were originally laid out
along the boundary lines of farms,
with little regard for drainage, topo
graphy and alignment. In the East
ern States the boundary lines, of
farms were very.irregular, and conse.
g.uently many of the roads are crooked
and badly located with ref erenow to
grades. In the Middle West, w/iere
the land was laid out by the Govern
ment, the roads follow the section
lines, and in thickly settled commu
nities, the quarter-section lines. In
compiling these figures the aim '.aas
been to include only the mileage of
roads actually open and in use.
Only four States have more ttan
100,000 miles of roads. Texas stands
first, with 121,409 miles; Missouri
second, with 108,133; Iowa third,
with 102,448, and Kansas fourth,
with 101,196. The District of Col
umbia I j only 191 miles of road,
Rhode Island has 2361 miles, which
is the smallest mileage of any State.
Delaware has only 3000 and Arizona
Dnly 59S7 miles.
By comparing the road mileage
with the areas in square miles, the
District of Columbia is found to stand
first, with 3.18 miles of road per
square mile of area, while Connecti
cut is highest among the States with
2.90 miles. Rhode Island has 2.'24
miles and Pennsylvania 2.21 miles
per square mile of area. Arizona has
Dnly 0.05 of a mile, the smallest mile
age per square mile; Utah has 0.08
and Wyoming 0.10 of a mile per
Expenditures For Improvement.
The amount which was expended
Dn public roads in the United States
in 1904 would represent the interest
Dn SI,994,285,446.25, if computed on
a basis of four per cent. When it is
considered that the expenditure which,
this vast sum represents was for the
construction and maintenance of
2,151,570 miles of public highways,
mough roads to reach around tho
earth at the equator eighty-six times,
it is somewhat surprising that the ex
penditure was not greater.
About one and five-eighth times aa
much was expended for all the public
schools in the United States in the
Bsca! year 1903-04 as was expended
JU public roads in 1904. The Na
tional Government spent in the fiscal
rear 1903-04 $82,372,360.lOfor deep
ng the waterways, which is about one
md three-tenth times as much as was
?xper ded by all the States, counties,
:owm;hips and districts in the United
States for the construction and maia?
tcnance of all the public highways.
His Adverbial Name.
A bellboy at the Hotel Baltimore
event through the lobby yesterday
ivith this cry:
"What the answer?" asked a fat
"I beg ycur pardon," replied the
"Complete your sentence," replied
;he fa*: man.
"The one you started-'according
y;' accordingly what?"
"That's thc gentleman's name.
There's a call for him at the desk."
The fat man took the trouble to
;ee if he was being "kidded." On th?*
.egiiter was the name "Alfred Cord
ngly, Denver, Col."-Kansas City
Antics cf Meat in a Car.
Packing house produc?s are rather
risky commodity to haul, because
resh meats hung from hooks ia a
.efrigerator car may ?et to swingin?
dolently when tba train is moving
?apidly and throw cars from the
racks.-Railroad Agc Gazette.
Thc Japanese ave beginning to ar
jreciate American dentistry. All of.
;hsir mc3t expert dentists g?? their
.raining in this country.