Newspaper Page Text
. .OOGS>0?CaCOC G 05C 3038 OOO O O
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i Torturing Men in S
. Free Am?rica- |
"What roes on behind prison wails?
Terrible things, inhuman punish
ments and despicable tortures aro
common, to not a few penal institu
tions, according to the report made
by that veteran investigator and so
cial philosopher. Charles Edward-Rus
sell. For Hampton's Magazine Mr.
' Russell is writing a series of articles
on the evils cf some prisons, and the
hopeful progress upward in oth,ers.
Of .the worst type Mr. Russell con
siders the Ohio State Penitentiary a
fair sample. . He thus describes a
part cf it:
The first buildings aro cell houses.
Here is one built in 1S34. It is a
frightful place, very dark, damp, and
to the ssnses pungently suggestive o?
long and odorous occupation. The
ventilation is so bad that even when
the tenants are gone forth the air is
heavy and foul what it must be when
the ? 00 cells are occupied with
breathing and perspiring men is a
suggestion to jostle complacency.
There is first the outer wall with
barred windows, few and narrow;
then a space of ten or twelve feet,
then thc calls in five tiers. At noon
barely so much light enters the cor
ridor that one may see one'r way
about. light enters the cells. In
to these black caves, where the chill
of old stone walls strikes one like a
palpable thing, and where the heavy
air is stirless always, not one ray of
natural light has penetrated for sev
enty-five years. And 500 men sleep
in the<:e caverns.
Especially does Mr. Russell attack
"the contract system." Under this,
In the Ohio State Penitentiary, he
says the convicts worked in shoos un
der the direction and control and
practical] y at the mercy of the con
tractors, who were irresponsible to
the State or in this matter to any
other human authority.
Each convict musr. each day pro
duce a certain amount of work called
hi? "task." If he fell short the con
tractor's foreman reported him to the
guard who forthwith took him to the
"cellar." / /
This Tras the place of judgment
and of torture. The deputy warden
sat as the court; on the report of the
guard swift sentence was pronounced.
Usually the offender was condemned
to be paddled, sometimes to the bull
rings, sometimes to the water cure,
and in many cases of old offenders to
all three-one after another.
Punishment by the paddle is man
aged in this fashion: The prisoner is
seized, stripped and bent over the
edge of a bathtub, his legs being man
acled to the door and his hands
chained before him. A guard takes
a flat instrument, ash, three and a
half feet long, two inches wide, fitted
with a handle. He soaks it in hot,
water. Then he beats the prisoner I
with it ? prescribed number of times
?-four or five according to the prison
officers, ten to thirty according to the
"Bull-rings" means that the pris
oner is strung, up by the wrists in a
dark cell and thus left hanging, like
a carcass of beef. Sufferers from
this device and other witnesses haye
declared that the chains are some
times so adjusted that. the delin
quent's feet barely touch .the floor.
This is denied by the prison officers.
There is no re?son why it should not
be true; the guards are a law unto
themselves: The cell is perfectly
dark except for what light filters
through a few narrow slits in the
door and is otherwise unventilated.
At night the victim is usually low
ered and allowed to sleep on the
floor-usually, not always.
' American vs. European Guns.
Thc weapons of Continental Eu
rope, England and America are all
constructed on similar lines, of iden
tical quality of steel and wood, have
the same systems of choking and bor
ing and the character of workmanship
is not essentially different.
There are minor variations, of
course, dictated by taste and h?bit.
Europe tends to multiplicity of lock
ing devices. America to simplicity.
But the one American rotary bolt is
stronger and more lasting than the
quintuple fastening of foreign arms.
American and English guns are alike
noted for their perfection of balance,
beauty of outline and severe simplic
ity of scroll engraving.
Continental Europe tends to flor
idly of ornamentation with the most
artistic pictorial effects in engraving
i and wood cutting. Personally, I pre
fer rhe pictorial in ornamentation,
but that ia merely a matter of taste.
One thing the American manufac
turer can and does do, he can give
you as much gun for $100 as Europe
can for $200. Grade for grade, it
will be found on examination that
there is very little to choose between
an American gun costing $50 and an
imported arm at $100. If money is
no object, then exercise your fancy
. in absolute confidence that a beauti
ful and satisfactory arm can be ob
tained either at home or abroad.
Charles Arkins, ic Outing.
Man of Many Limbs.
The o7d Colonel was spinning off
yarns cf thc Civil War, and in the
heat of reminiscent patriotism his
memory be:.ame somewhat tangled.
"Ah, gentleman," he related seri
ously. "I shall never forset the charge
at Chlckamr.usa. It was there I lost
my leg." Ten minutes later the old
Colone! was relating an incident of
"And when we climbed Little
Round Top the bullets were whist
ling on all sides. It was there that I
lost my leg."
And thirty'minutes later through a
misty haze of smoke:
"Seven Pines, gentlemen. Seven
Pines! Ah, that was the battle. One
of my legs was shot from under me
But just then a timid little boy
looked up and asked shyly: "Grand
pa, were-were you a centipede in
those days?"-Chicago News.
The Salvation-Army has a factory
in Europe where musical Instruments
ar6 me de f or ita members.
This curious relief from the Cai
Giotto. It gives the Thirteenth Centn:
Keeps Grapes Fresh.
A great firm of wine growers at
Saint Benezat, France, has devised a
simple method of keeping grapes per
fectly fresh for several months. To
keep grapes fresh they must not bo
allowed to dry, while, on the. other
hand, thea' lose all their good quali
ties if they are immersed in water.
Therefore, they must receive moisture
just as they receive it while still on
the vine-through their stalks. The
grapes must not touch anything and
they must be handled as little as pos
The device, which has. just been
put into use in France, is well illus
trated in the accompanying picture,
from the New York World. In cut
tint the grapes an inch or two of stalk
ia left, on each side of the twig tb at
bears the bunch, and to each end of
the stalk is fitted c. bulb of rubber or
glass containing sterilized water. The
whole is then hung up where the
grapes may swing free. The water in
the bulbs'is sucked up by the stalks
and supplies the fruit-with tho where
withal ?o keep fresh. This water can
be renewed as often as necessary
without touching the grapes, and any
grape that withers ca:i be slipped off
""^^'.'."".;>-."s-T- . . ' .
"Why are you crying, little boy
"Far ver 'it 'is fu mb wiv a 'am m
Shapes Wires to Or??r.
There is little necessity nowadays
of flolv tWvtZS by hand On" n"
latest implements to save wear and
tear on the fingers is the wire-work
ing device designed by an Iowa man.
mpanile- of Florence was modeled by
ry idea of a flying man.
without disturbing its neighbors. It
is said .that by this method freshly
picked grapes can be kept fresh for
two or three months.-Philadelphia
A Monkey Eating Eagle.
The first specimen ever caught aliva
cf the monkey eating eagle of the
Philippines was recently acquired by
tho Zoological Gardens in London.
Its body is a dark brown and the
breast feathers aro of a dirty cream
color. A monkey diet being out of
the question in England, it is being'
fed on chickens, whence, presumably,,
its worried look.-The Graphic.
In American secondary schools in
the year 1900 there were 925,000
pupils-742',000 at the public high
schools and only 183,000 at private
Gchools of all kinds.
D EE3?TECT. '..?y^''.'*" ? ?
ter-an' I laughed."-The Tatter.
This contrivance takes a piece of wiro, j
cuts it to the desired length, bends it
into the form of the letter U and
wrap3 it around a hose, thus making .
a ?oupling. At one end is a movable j
carriage which is turned by means of .
a handle. Thc wiro is passed over (
. oue of the gaps in the corrugated car- .
riage-way and as thc latter is turned '
; thc ridge behind carries the wire 1
; down a slot aud bends it into shape, j
? In another part is a cutting device de- ,
! signed to cut a second wire to size j
j while the first is being formed. At |
I the back is a grip by which the U
I shaped wire is held as it is wrapped
j over a hose. Wi re workers who are
j restricted to the old method of cut
? ting, bending and wrapping with no
moro aid than a pair'nf pliers, will
appreciate thc relief this new imple
ment affords.-Washington Star.
Af tor n Lower Price.
Hart-"Isn't it a bit late to be
wearing your outing snit, old mau?"
Smart-"Well. I'm on my way to
tho coal dealer and I want to give him
tho impression that, it's si ill summer."
-Cartoon by >
UNITED STATES IN PERIL,
Head of Great Northern Railwj
High Cost of Living is I
Washington, D. C. - President
Taft's program for railroad and trust
reform legislation'at the next session
af Congress was the lodestone that
Irew another railroad man to the
White House. He was none other
than Mr. James J. Hill, of St. Paul,
Minn., president of the Great North
srn Railway. He remained with the
President long enough to say a good
many things, and whep. he came out
lemonstrated that he was frhe only
md original "artful dodger'' in cap
tivity. When he was asked by the
newspaper men what he thought of
the President's legislative ideas and
what suggestions he had made to im
prove upon them he seemed inspired
to deliver a lecture, which began in
"I am a student of history. History
shows that the high cost of living is
the beginning of every national de
cline. This country is in grave dan- I
ger of entering upon a period of
lecadence through extravagance, pub
lic and private. Prosperity is not a
:ure; it is only a help.'
How much longer Mr. Hill would
?lave continued to delight his hearers
with this dissertation, had not some
me broken in, will never be known.
He was interrupted with a question
as to what all that had to do with
.ailroad and anti-trust legislation. He
"What this country needs is to
:lean house and spend less money and
stop bothering, about new laws to
govern corporations," said Mr. Hill.
'Deep and serious consideration
should be given at once to the ques
tion of reducing the cost of food and
DEATH FOLLOWS IN THE TR
Selim Habid, Latest Owner of Baleful Gc
ni Luck Stone With Him-Myste
Has FoUowed the Po:
Paris.-The mysterious and won
ierful Hope Diamond, the jewel that
:ame out of ?the East in the reign of
LiOuis XIV., and which has seemed for
nany long years a baleful Nemesis,
lursttin^lto misfortune or the grave
:he monarchs, peers and laymen who
aave possessed it, and bringing sud
ien ? sorrows to the famous women
whose beauty it has adorned, has
;one back into the East, and as popu
lar superstition will undoubtedly de
jare, is said to have been the cause
af its last owner's tragic end.
A curt four-line dispatch from Sin
gapore announces that Selim Habid
was among the passengers drowned
In the wreck of the French steamer
5eyne in the China Sea.
"It is believed." the message says,
"that Habid had the Hope diamond
in his oossession at the time of the
If this is so, the mystic gem. at
ance the bane and envy of kings and
potentates, has ended its dark story
it the bottom of the Malacca Strait.
It had been sunposed that the Hope
ilaraond was sold by Habid in Paris
last June for $S0,000. But no pur
chaser was ever named with author
ity. Habid had brought the .iewel to
Paris with many others of lesser
fame, and it was rumored that he was
in agent of Abdul Hamid, deposed
Sultan of Turkey, who was said to be
making vigorous attempts to dispose
af his jewels. /
Now it is believed that Habid did
aot sell it, but was taking it back to
me Orient in an attempt to sell it to
iome Indian potentate.
Census Figures 15.3; Per T
Washington, D. C.-The death rate
!or 19OS in the registration area set
tside by the Census Bureau for tabu
lation nurposes was 15.3 per i OOO
aopulation, the lowest yet recorded. 1
n rural districts covered by the labu- 1
ation the rate was slicrhtly lower, av- I
?raging 14 to the ? OOO inhabitants. I
During the same period the death rate !
'or England and "Wales was 15.7 per j
The total number of deaths re
:urned for the year 190S in the reg-I
Federal Jud-re Decides Syrians Can
not Bo Barred From Citizenship.
Wheeling, W. Va.-7- Judge A. G.;
Daylqp, of the Federal court here,
landed down an order which upsets
m order issued by the immigration
lenartment at Washington, D. C.
Judge Dayton instructs all Federal
afficiars to admit to full citizenship
natives of Syria who have proper
lualifjcation. Recently the immigra
tion denartment 1 ejected natives of
Syria, claiming that they were of the
Mongolian race, being under the sar/.'3
aan as the natives of China. J
About Noted People.
Sir Morgan Crofton and his wife. |
whom he found in New York, re
turned to London.
Prince Ito was buried in a mauso
leum on his estate, near Tokio, after
The Tarrytown annual flower show
closed. William Rockefeller being
prominent as a prize winner.
.lames A. Patten. "King of the
Wheat Pit," made $4.000.000 in one
'lay hy a sudden rise in cotton based
'>n cron shortage, which made his es
Mrratpd mnrket winnings for the year
ay, in White House Call, Says
Seal Menace, and Urges
clothing to the masses. A grave dan
ger faces the Nation. History shows
that the decline begins when the cost
of living becomes a burden to the
masses, but not to the rich."
Just as Mr. Hill was about to es
cape from his questioners he bumped
squarely into a kindred spirit in the
person of Senator Jonathan Bourne,
of Oregon. Mr. Bourne, as it hap
pens, is chairman of the working sub
committee of the Senate's new Com
mittee on Public Expenditures, of
which Senator Hale, of Maine, is the
head. The business of this commit
tee is to tighten the strings of Uncle
Sam's purse, ?.nd it purposes to do it.
It was fully thirty minutes before
these two economists finished their
little chat in the White House recep
tion room. When it was over Sena
tor Bourne remarked that it would
never do .to give away Li advance
what his sub-committee was going to
report, but he was perfectly certain
the purchasing power of a Govern
ment dollar could be increased from
five to ten per cent, by the simplifica
tion of administrative methods, cen
tralization and the elimination of un
Mr. Hill is likely to come back to
Washington again. President Taft
told him just what he has been telling
other railroad men and members of
both branches of Congress who.have
had suggestions to make to improve
his annual message. In substance it
"What you say is interesting; it
may be important. Kindly put it in
writing and submit it to me again.
Then I will give it due consideration."
AIL OF THE ?HOPE DIAMOND.
.'m, Drowned in Wreck off Singapore-"
ry in Its Final Fate, as Disaster
ssession of the Jewel.
Louis XIV. acquired the jewel
mysteriously, and, although history
gives saner causes, the French mon
arch's decay set in about that time, j
The gem was still in the crown of
France when Louis XVI. died by the j
guillotine amid the storm of the great
Then the jewel vanished for a time,
and it was not until 1830 that a Lon
don dealer, purchasing it from a
stranger, sold it to the famous bank
er, Henry Thomas Hope.
As the "Hope Diamond," the blue
stone leaned into fame. Hope's
daughter brought it to her husband,
the Duke of Newcastle, as part of her
dowry. Her son. Lord Henry Francis
Hope, inherited it, and misfortune be
set him early. He married May Yohe,
and soon she was wearing the dia
mond on the stage.
In 3 <S90. Lord Hone was in financial
difficulties and tried to sell the gem,
but Iiis family prevented this. After
his divorce from May Yohe he sold it,
however, to Simon Frankel, the New
York j?weler. It remained in the
United States until January, 1908,
when rumors of the financial difficul
ties of Frankel Brothers were fol
lowed by the sale of the jewel. Im
mediately after parting company with
the mysterious ?em the firm paid off
all creditors and returned to its for
It is supposed that, through a se
cret asrenrv. the diamond came into
the possession of Abdul Hamid, then
the absolute of Turkey. His throne
fell before he had possessed the Hope
diamond even for a year.
i RATE IN I908D
iiousand in Area Includ
istration area was 091,574, while for
the preceding year it was 6S7.034.
This apparent increase of 4540 is ex
plained by the fact that during 190S
two new States. Washington and Wis
consin, were added to the registration.
The month of maximum mortality
in 190S was January, -with C7.76:J
deaths, and that of minimum mortal
ity was June, with if.701 deaths. The
death rates of the individnal States
vary from IS.4 for California to 10.1
for South Dakota.
Shot Forty-four Pct DORK in
Streets of Montclair, N. J.
Montclair. N. J.-Forty-four d'"gs
were shot as the result bf the prof '<".
nation issued by Mayor Henry V.
Crawford, of Montclair, authorizing
thc destruction ol' all unmuzzled dogs
running at large in the streets.
Policeman Hugh Seery and William
Stewart, armed with double-barrelled
shotguns, were busy all day killing
the animals. David Steinfeldt, the
official dog catcher, killed the dogs in
the centije of the town. Owners plead
ed in vain for lives of their pets.
Items of Interest.
Senator Aldrichmadetwo addresses
in at. Louis on monetary reform.
Colonel G. R. Colton was inaugu
rated at San Juan, Porto Rico, as
Governor of the island.
lt was agreed between the United
States and Chile to submit the Alsop
claim to The Hague court for arbitra
Again risking arrest for contempt
of court, President Gompers at the
I Toronto convention of the American
Federation of Labor denounced Judge
Wright, of Washington, I). C.. who
i sentenced the labor leaders to jail.
New York City.-The simple tucked
j blouse is always a pretty one. This
model can he utilized either for the
3dd waist or ?or the gown, and it can
be made from crepe, chiffon, moire or
other similar material, and also from
the simpler lingerie sort, lt can be
trimmed with contrasting bands as il
lustrated or with any fancy material
:aat may be preferred. Also it can be
made either with the sleeves that are
slightly full and laid in pleats at the
wrists or with plain ones. Tucks are
arranged on becoming lines and pro
"sde just sufficient fulness at the
front. Crepe de Chine with trimming
of messaline and pretty buttons is the
The blouse consists of the lining,
which is optional, front and backs.
Long Sashes Worn. .
Long sashes are being worn with
Heavy Serge Popular.
There will be a run upon serge this
season. . It has always been a stock
materiall This year the weave is ut
terly unlike anything we have had.
There were a few patterns of last
year, to be accurate, but this year
there are a great number, a bit rough
er than before.
New Flannel Blouse.
For the girl who suffers with cold
there is a new flannel blouse. It is
quite good looking. The flannel is
exceedingly soft and silky, there are
fine stripes, usually in gray and black,
and it fastens down the front with sil
ver buttons. Wi:h it is worn a turn
over collar of white embroidery.
Five-Gored Yoke Skirt.
Every form of the yoke skirt is to
be much worn this coming season,
and this one is graceful and very gen
erally becoming. It can be either
gathered or tucked, and consequently
it suits a variety of materials. In the
illustration it is made from one of the
new silk and wool crepes with trim
ming of folds of the material. Al
most everything fashionable is soft,
hov/ever, and the list of available fab
rics is a long one. The yoke means
perfectly smooth fit over the hips,
while the skirt falls in graceful lines
and folds, and this is true whether it
is gathered or tucked. For the long:
skirt, which is suited to occasions of
dress, the many pretty silks and silk
and wool . fabrics are appropriate,
while for the short skirt can be util
ized such simpler fabrics as cashmere,
voile and the like.
The skirt is cut in five gores, and is
The tucks car be stitched by machine
or sewed by hand as liked, and just
enough of them extend to yoke depth
only to mean pretty folds and fulness.
The sleeves illustrated are made in
one piece each, the plain ones with
upper and under portions. ,
The quantity of material required
for the medium size, is three and a
half yards twenty-one or twenty-fo
two and a quarter yards thirtv
two and an eight'
inches wide, with
silk for trimming.
The arts and ?
making their way
of decoration. Al!
pecially well with
Moyen age. throi
passing. Their r
to feminine appa
These are quite j
made with squar
The fashion of
sash around the
ends hang, has nc
among the best i
are using some r:
above the knees,
impression of ai
which odds and <
ized, but it is d
force it upon the
a cape. Green i
pink, blue or any
, joined to the yoke. The yoke is fitted
by means of darts over the hips and
the closing is made invisibly at the
The quantity of material required
for the medium size is seven and a
quarter yards twenty-four or twenty
seven, six and three-quarter yards
*' -ty-two or forty-four inches wide
m material has figure or nap; four
i a half yards forty-four inches
le when material has neither figure
. nap; two yards twenty-seven, one
I a half yards thirty-two, one yard
ty-four inches wieta; for bands;
th of skirt at lower edge four ami