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80NG ?OR TOMORROW.
Shall we aviate to-night.
Through the heavens starry bright.
Till completely out o? sight?
Dip and skim And swoop and swerve,
Fly in circles, on a curve.
Ali with munoinental nerve?
Dip and skim and fall and rise
While Manhattan's million eyes
Watch our eccentricities?
Come, the heavens are alight,
Calling softly, starry brignt,
"Lovers, aviate to-nigntl"
Soar aloft on mighty wing.
Soar-What's that? Go motoring?
You old-iashioned little thing!
-Thomas R. Ybarra, in the New York
* * * * * ** ********
Odd Bargain Driven by a Drummei
* * * T * * t ******* *
"Yes," sal? trie drummer, dreamily,
"I will take another," and as he said
this he drummed upon the table and
gazed out into .the smoke-filled . room
with far-away eyes. "It was a curious
story/' said he. "The way I happen
ed to be in Mexico w as this : I was trav
eling for the house of G-uggenheinier &
Co., who were Interested in California
wines. Guggenbeimer has gone under,
I am sorry to say. He was forced to
suspend payment when the:e came
that crash in 1893. Well, Guggenheim
er wanted to start a branch establish
ment in Nogales, righi across the
Arizona line. Our firm had told mo
to purchase a cheap building for an
office anywhere in the town. I was
young then, hadn't been traveling long,
and my inexperience was enormous.
There were a great many things I did
not know. When I arrived in the
town, I was struck by the shabby shan
ties of which It was composed. A good
wind looked as if it would blow the
whole town down. However, as I was
walking around the place, I saw near
Ure barracks a little snanty with a
roughly scrawled sign on it in Span
ish which meant: 'This building to let
or for sale.' The architecture of this
edifice was extremely simple. In fact.
It was nothing but four walls and a
roof. I said to myself: 'This will do
well enough for our temporary office,'
and, approaching the building, I no
ticed that it had a barred window, be
bind which I saw a Head. The Head
saw me as soon as I saw the Head,
and it smiled a frank and kindly smile.
Then the Head' opened its mou:h and
-iHew-are'TOu? Better off than I
am, I'll swear.'
"I was struck with the frank smile
cf the Head, and particularly as it of
forded rue an opportunity to talk busi
" 'As for that,' said I, 'it rests en
tirely with you to change our places.'
"The Head looked at me without re.
" 'I have just noticed,' said I, 'that
this building is to let cr for sale.'
"The Head burst into a roar of
"' 'Well, sir, said I, somewhat net
tled, 'I don't see anything to laugh at
If thia bulldng suits me, I would like
- to buy it.'
" 'You would like to buy it?'
" 'Yes. Is it possible for rae to ln
?r spect it?'
^ " 'Oh, nothing is easier. All you
T have to do is to'push back the bolt and
"It seemed singular, but the door
was fastened by a bolt cn the outside.
I pushed Lack the bolt- and ente: ed.
Another thing struck nie strangely
the building was remarkable for a com
plete absence of furniture, but inas
much as all I intended to do with it
wag to use it for storing wine, of
course I didn't need any furniture,
"The Head noticed my astonishment,
and said again, with it? open smile:
v 'The furniture is being upholstered.'
~ ?'''AK' I ropfled, 'and let me a*U
whether you au willing' to sell, and lt
so whether your pr leo is high?'
" 'Oh. I think not. I would te will
ing to sell at a'reasonable figure.'
" 'Suppose I were to give you a
hundred dollars, would you take lt?'
"The Head again laughed. 'I should
?mile I would.' " ('CTOO que so!')
.. *Tbe deuce!' said I to myself, 'per
haps there is something wrong with
this building,1 and then aloud I added
'Will ynu guarantee that the building
is solidly constructed?'
" 'Solid? My dear slr, if you had
(spent as muon, time in it as I have,
you would never dream of trying to
break out-I mean, to break it down.'
" 'Very well, then, I will give you a
hundred dollars for it.'
"Tho Head regarded me with the
same open smile.
" 'Are you in earnest?' said he.
"It was evident that he doubted my
financial responsibility. So I tcok
out my purse, and from It extracted
five twenty-dollar pieces. 'There is
your hundred dollars,* said I.
"He extended his hand, took the go'd
pieces, looked at me, and a? he ap
parently hesitated, I said to him:
.' 'I wish to enter into possession
soon, so you must sign the usual.docu
" 'Very well,' ho said, 'I'm sorry 1
cannot offer you any refreshments, but
my servant has just gone out and
taken the keys of the cellar with her."
"I thanked him. assuring him that 1
was not in the habit ol' drinking be
tween meals. I took out of my pocket
book a sheet of paper, and drew up a
contract of sale, and when he hal
?lgned, I bade him 'farewell,
- "A few days afterwards I appeared
before my newly purchased building,
with two big trucks filled with casks
of wine, .But whst was my lit enta
ment when I found eight men in my
Il houae. I ordered them to go away.
But as they stared ct me without re
plying, I Informed them that I ha l
bought the building some days before
from a man v.-h o was in the bouse and
, to whom I had paid a hundred dol
"At these words the eight inmates
laughed ?ike lunatics. At first I be
layed they were Jeering at my foreign
accent; tut, as they would not leave!
the building, I at once went and com
plained to a police officer, to whom 1
related my story.
"He looked at me scrutinizingly
while I was talking, and by his looks
I could have sworn that the man was
laughing internally. When I had fin
ished, he told me to wait for him, and j
he entered the barracks near my build-1
ing. I thought he had gone for rein
forcements, but he returned alone af
ter some minutes.
" 'Sir,' said he, Tm sorry, but you
have lost your hundred dollars. The
man whom you negotiated with was
one of this regiment, and had been
placed under arrest for five days. When
his time was up and he was released,
he seemed to be unusually flush with
money. No one knew how, and after
treating his companions, he suddenly
fled. He is now a deserter.'
" 'But,' said I, 'what is this building
which I bought-or rather, which I
thought I bought?'
" 'Oh, senor,* said he, shrugging bia
shoulders, 'ha comprado usted el car
eel, It ia the calaboose-what you
"Great heavens! My friend, the de
serted, before he had skipped, had soli
me the jail!"-H., in The Argonaut.
PLAIN WATER A REMEDY.
Primary Infections Not So Bad DB
Work of Other Micro-organisms.
An important principle which the
profession has only recently learned
lo recognize is that the specific and
often fatal complications which follow
a particular infection are most com
monly due, 'not to the primary infest
ing agent directly, but rather to the
supervention of invasion by quite dif
ferent micro-organisms. Thus in a bad
case of smallpox we have to contend
in succession with two different dis
eases: The first is variola, whose ini
tial stage cf three days has its own
revere and characteristic constitution
al symptoms ending in its specie
vesicular eruption. This runs its
course in five days, after which every
thing seems to subside; pulse and
temperament fall, the head "and spinal
pUns, with the gastric disturbance,
disappear, the tongue cleans, and both
appetite and sleep return. But now
a condition supervenes whicn a sur
geon who carefully disinfects the skin
before he makes the smallest incision
in it, might well regard with dismay.
Ail of the vesicles with their hitherto
clear liquid contents now become in- j
fected by organisms always present j
on the skin and turn into swollen pus-1
tules containing myriads of staphyloc-1
cocci and streptococci. If only we
could sterilize the skin as the sur- j
geon does, so soon as the variola pap
ules appear, we would rob smallpox
ot most of its terrors, except in tuose ;
rare cases when variola itself kills
before Its own eruption appears.
Effective local treatment, therefore,
is as much indicated in scarlatina as
in diphtheria, in that early stage
when they are still virtually local af- j
fectlons, and for this purpose nothing '.
is so certain to fill the requirements
as a strong stream of water. This 1
can occasion no local injury and mean-1
while it removes great quantities, not.
only of poisonous exudates, but ac- !
tlveiy stimulates healthy throat secre- ?
tions along with a free flow of posterior '
nasal fluids. When properly applied, !
no gagging occurs, as so often accom- j
panies throat swabbing, and which it- j
self may not unoften set up inhalation,
pneumonia. The scarlatina otitis also
becomes a much milder complication
than that which leaves the patient
hard of hearing for a lifetime and ;
which is said to be the cause of 20 j
percent of deaf mutes in our asylums.
Throat douching Is recommended,
therefore, at the earliest onset of
scarlatina, wita the first signs of sore,
throat, before the various kinds ot
streptococci can gain entrance. Tim
measure is equally indicated in diph
theria, first for lesaeningtheabsorption
of its toxin and then for preventing
the Invasion of streptococci through
th ulcerated mucuous membrane.
When general Infection has already
occurred the prevention of further In.
vasion.may enable the patient's reslut?
ant powers ultimately to cope with and
overcome the enemies which have
made way into the blood and tissues,
-New York Medical Record.
Gambling for Coupons.
The ingenuity of the street Arab
has found a use for tobacco coupons
never contemplated by the corpora
tion which issues them. They form
admirable stakes for exciting games
of craps. In secluded corners near
cigar stores groups of small urchins
may be seen kneeling on the pave
ment, deeply absorbed in shooting the
pennies. In each grubby fist is grasped
a few coupons, and their look and feel,
to the youthful imagination not so
vory far removed from real bills, seem
to add a zest to the game. Then the
supply can be so easily replenished
by any boy.
All he has to do i's to hang around
the dcor of the nearest cigar store
once nioie-, and with piteous face and
whining voice beg, ' Gimme your cou
pon, please," and he's sure to replen
ish his store again. It's not every cigar
,cmolter who is saving up for a mag
nificent cut-glass punch bowl, and the
lads find plenty cf people aa ready to
hand them a coupon as throw them in
the street.-New York Times.
Tabloid Paper Printed.
After experiments proving its val
ue, a novel feature has been intro
duced as a permanency in the City
hospital, Los Angeles, Cal.
This feature consists of a daily
newspaper containing a resume of
ail the news cf the day condensed
from the morning newspapers. The
news is divided under three heads
foreign, domestic and local-and ie
read to the nurseB at luncheon. Thus
the attendants are prepared to in>
part to the patients under their charge
the events of the day.
The therapeutic value of the plan,
according to Dr. Walter Lindley, head
of the hospital, must soon be recog
nized by all hospitals and it is his be
lief that lt will be generaly adopted.
German school children number 9,
TBE ADVERTISES IS RESPONSIBLE,
Under Law Can Bc Held for All Stater
Taking as his subject "The Legal
Responsibility of thc Advertiser."
William H. Atwell. United States dis
trict attorney of Dallas, Tex., recent
ly told the members of the Ad Men's
Club of that city some Interesting
facts regarding tho use of advertis
ing for fraudulent purposes and of
measures being taken to drive out
the evil. In a way Mr. Atwell blamed
the public for much of the crooked
work and told how it might do its
part in helping thc government ex
In the course of his remarks Mr.
Humanity is universally restless.
There ls an ever present desire for
chango and an uncontrollable desire
to get lt. Tho whole world wants to
buy, All alike feed and make or
break upon tho Insanity to swap dol
lars for something that is not money.
The most approved and sane method
of bringing about tho exchange is to
use the press und popular periodical.
There are many municipal nuis
ances, not tho least of whom ls the
advertiser who litters tho street with
dodgers and handbills. Such an ad
vertiser deserves commercial failure.
The legitimate method of advertising
ls the great press family.
The framers of the American Con
stitution recognized the sacredness
and importance of the prcs3 In that
amendment which provided that Con
gress shall make no law abridging the
freedom of the press. .
So zealously was this constitutional
safeguard loved that even when the
morals cf tho people demanded the
death cf the lottery many courts and
judges and Congresses refused to pro
hibit the use of the press to the lot
tery men, and it was not until 1S90
that the American Congress, for the
purpose of bringing about the great
moral movement, declared contra
band sunh newspapers as contained
lottery matter; and the question was
not finally determined until the Su
preme Court of the United States in
the Jackson, Horner aand Rapier
casis upheld the constitutionality of i
The man who places an advertise
ment in the paper makes a proposi
tion to the public, the acceptance of
which elves rise to a contract of sale,
which is governed by the same laws
and decisions that regulate and de
termino the effect of all contracts.
One who advertises a domestic to I
contain sixty-four thread.- to the i
square inch, and ships a shoddy arti
cle containing less than that number
of threads, has practiced a fraud and
is liable to the purchaser.
. There can be no sort of doubt that
any representation made by an adver- i
User cf the kind, quality and fineness j
ci* his wares becomes a part of his of- j
fer to sell or trade, as the case may j
be. If the purchaser views the arti- '
cle, then he doubtless acts upon his j
own judgment; but if the defects be
latent, hidden or otherwise secreted
from thc detection, of the purchaser
i-ere is an implied warrant}*, upon
which the swindled purchaser may j
If the purchaser expends time and
car fare and trouble to inspect an ad- ,
vcrtisod article, upon which inspec
tion he finds the article to be of
lesser grade than the advertisement
spoke, I have no doubt that he could ,
recover from the advertiser a suffi
cient sum to pay for his time and
trouble and car fare in making the in
Its efficiency and thc universality |
of its use render it a powerful en
gine for the use cf the unscrupulous.
There was passed some years ago
a criminal statute designed for the
punishment of those who used thi3
great public utility fraudulently.
Congress provided in one short
line tor the establishment of post of-,
fices and pest roads. From this terse
providion has sprung, by appropriate
Congressional action, the vast postal
system of this country, the daily bene
ficiaries of which arc our ninety mil
lions of people.
When one advertises an article and
represents Its merits or quality or du
rability, and tbs purchaser, without
viewing, relies upon the advertise
ment and buys, and the article proves
to be worthless or defective, or of
less grade than as represented in the
advertisement, there is no legal ques
tion of the right of the purchaser to
In the last few years, however,
American ingenuity (which is not al
ways benevolent and good) has made
such immense use of the mails for de
frauding that tho penaliti? of the
statute have come to be recognized
as decidedly inadequate to sufficient
ly punish this class.
Practically every newspaper In the
United States makes uso of the malls.
When an advertiser makes represen
tations in his advertisement that are
untrue, and such advertisement goes
to the purchaser through the United
States mail, serious trouble awaits
When he knowingly misrepresents
what he has to sell and makes such
misrepresentations in the press,
which he knows will be carried by
thc pestai service, he makes a prima
facie case against himself for having
devised a scheme and artifice to de
fraud, to be effected by the uso and
misuse cf the United States mails.
We must, however, be candid
enough to admit that the pickings of
these, frauds would not be so golden
were it net for the desire of the pub
I lie to get something for as nearly
! nothing as possible. If every man
j would realize that value should be
given for value the life of the frauiu
I lent advertiser would be short,
How thc Mayer Worked It,
- "This ls a most delightful placo,"
Bald a tourist to an Innkeeper in a
small town la thc north of France,
"but lt is certainly a strange idea
to pave the rcado with such terribly
"Ab, yes," replied the landlord.
"But what can you expect, monsieur?
The mayor he is a shoemaker!"
There were 470 boiler explosions in
this country during 1908. There is
one greater record. The fatalities
ESES OP THE EUCALYPTUS.
They Range From Timber to Cough
Drops-Only the Bark Wasted Now.
Since the introduction of the euca
lyptus into California from Australia
its friends have been trying to push
its cultivation by making known the
many uses to which it may be put.
It is declared that eucalyptus wood is
suited to all purposes*for which hard
woods are used.
Barring the countless o'her uses
to which it is adapted, as a means to
reimburse the forest supply alone
eucalyptus is invaluable to the coun
try, it ls asserted. Then the euca
lyptus is valuable in windbreaks for
orchards and dwellings, for land re
clamation, for conservation of water,
improvement of climate and as nat
ural antitoxins to malarial germs.
The beauty of the grain, the color
and the texture of eucalyptus, rival
ling many species of oak, has led to
Its popularity as a furniture product,
Offices and residences have been
finished with the wood, and cabinet
makers and wood workers throughout
the country have been led to make a
practical study of the eucalyptus wood
as a finishing product.
Much of the fuel consumed In Cali
fornia ls eucalyptus wood, which re
tails at from $10 to $14 a California
cord. For fuel the fastest growing
varieties are planted. Of the kinds
planted for other purposes the weak
ling trees, limbs and waste are util
ized as firewood.
In house construction, mining tim
ber, flooring and street paving euca
lyptus has assumed importance, and
for miscellaneous uses, for posts, tele
graph poles, railroad ties, piles,
bridge timber, wagon tongues, spokes,
handles for implements and tools,
logs for corduroy roads and insulatoi
pins the popularity cf eucalyptus ls
Eucalyptus blossoms yield profit to
the beekeepers. An oil is distilled
from the leaves and is used as a com
pound for many medicines. An ex
tract from the leaves forms the
foundation for cough syrups. The
imds are used in making portieres and
Efforts are being made to find a
use for every portion of the euca
lyptus trer-even for the bark, which
io far Is waste.-New York Sun.
Identified hy Veins.
The finger-print method of the
Bertillon measurement system of
identifying suspected criminals is
probably to be supplanted by photo
graphed records of the back of the
hand. Cases have been reported
where clever malefactors have de
ceived police officials by scarring and
disfiguring the tips of their fingers
and thereby rendering detection from
that source impossible.
The network of veins on the back
of the ?and is different in every per
son, and by means of these individual
configurations infallible marks of
Identification are furnished. With
out danger of fatal injury it is im
possible to mutilate these veins by
branding or otherwise disfiguring
the flesh of *he hand. By allowing
the hand to hang loosely, or by stop
ping the circulation of the blood for
a few moments with a ligature about
the wrist, the veins will stand out
prominently on thc hack of the hand
and may be then clearly photo
graphed and the picture preserved
for future reference and indentifi
What's thc Use?
"I hate to be contradictshe
"Then I won't contradict you," he
"You don't love me," she asserted.
"I don't," he admitted.
"You're a hateful thing," she cried.
"I am," he replied.
"I believe you are trying to teas?
me," she said.
"1 am," he conceded.
"And that you do love me?"
For a moment she was silent.
"Well," she said at last, "I do
bate a man who's weak enough to bo
led by a woman. He ought to havo
a mind of his own-and strength."
He sighed. What else could hi
do?-New York Times.
Why They Resigned.
Former Commissioner of Immigra
tion Robert Watchorn said recently
of an immigrant:
"He was a bad case. He was as ig
norant of government as the two
Polish policemen were. Two nev.'
policemen were once put on the War.
Eaw force. They did good work, they
arrested a lot of people, then sud
denly they resigned.
" 'Why are you resigning?' the su
"The older of the two men an
" 'We are going to start a police
station of our own, sir. Boris here
will make the arrests and I will d'?
the fining.' "-Washington Star.
Joke on Appleton.
They are telling a great joke on
Lysander John Appleton. Mr. Apple
ton writes a very poor hand, and re
cently wrote an angry letter to his
wife's brother, asking him to pay
what he owed him or be sued. The
brother called in all the handwriting
experts in his neighborhood, and they
deciphered the letter to be an Invita
tion to the brother and family to
come for an extended visit, and five
of them arrived to-day.-Atchisoi?
An Odd Little Byproduct.
It was believed that every conceiv
able saving had been effected in the
disposition of byproducts of the pack
ing house Industry, but not long ago
lt was found that the hair in the ears
of steer is of a quality that permits
lt to be used in the manufacturo o?
"camel's hair" brushes. -Bo now hair
13 removed from the ears of steers,
to the end that art may flourish ss
well as the packing bouse Industry.
-New York Tribune.
Governor Guild, of Massachusetts,
has appointed Professor Emily
Greene Blach a member of the State
Industrial Commission. Miss Blach
is professor of economics at Wellesley
College and president of the Women's
Trade League Union of Massachu
letta - . - '
Denatured alcohol has been suc
cessfully manufactured from flax
straw at the North Dakota Agricul
tural College. The yield of thirty-five
gallons a ton does not make it a pay
The "singing arc" has been so far
perfected that it is made use of as an
advertisement feature of a Paris shop.
The lamp hangs in front of tho store
and at all times during the day and
night there is a continual concert of
musical features Interspersed with
vocal references to the virtues of the
articles to be found on sale within the
One of tho latest Parisian inven
tions is the trackless trolleys and they
threaten to be taken up in America
within a few years. The new cars
are a good bit on the order of the
present electric vehicles, but they
have rubber tires and run on any of
the streets. They are much cheaper
to operate, do not interfer with other
street traffic and can be constructed
in a short time.
A new kind of piano, the choral
celo, has the ordinary keys and ham
mers, which may be used if desired,
but is also provided with electro mag
nets, arranged to vibrate tho wires
without striking with the hammers.
The tones, when produced by the
action of the electro magnets, are
said to resemble those of an organ
combined with a stringed instrument,
giving more novel possibilities of mel
Staff Surgeon Oswald Rees, of the
British navy, says the negro's color
gives him an advantage over the
white man in the stoke hold, as well
as in the sun. "In the sun," this au
thority explains, "dark skins resist
heat better; in the stoke hold it ra
diates heat better." Dr. Rees says
the little thin man loses hear, much
more rapidly and, therefore, is a
much better stoker .than is the more
The latest invention in wireless
telegraphy is the construction of an
underground station in Paris. It. is
being erected in the Champ de Mars,
and will probably be open for use
next month. The station will be
fitted up on the latest approved lines,
and comprise a machine room, a
transmitting pole and accommoda
tion for the officials. By the intro
duction of a 100-horsepower engino
it Is hoped that messages may be ex
changed with places about 5000
miles distant. The result of the ex
periment will be awaited witt, much
A system of wireless signaling for
airships has been invented by Dr.
Friedrich Lux. The idea of the in
ventor, states .the Electrical Engineer,
is that all airships should be equipped
with a receiving apparatus which will
weigh only six pounds, and that wire
less signaling stations should be
equipped all over the country at
about fifty kiloms. apart. At inter
vals of five minutes these signal sta
tions should send out wireless mes
rates by which they could be identi
;d and aviators informed ol their
.^hereabouts. A combination of a
few letters would, it is suggested, be
sufficient to distinguish one station
from another; and by the increasing
or decreasing strength of the electric
impulse the aviator could tell whether
he was approaching or receding from
a particular station.
SEEK MORE DURABLE PAPER.
Several Nations In Quest of Medium
That Will Better Preserve Records,
' Alarmed regarding the permanency
of their State papers and other valu
able documents, the leading Govern
ments of the world, headed by the
United States, are seeking pa:)er of
ns nearly as Indestructible character
as can be made. This announcement
was made in a statement issued by
the Department of Agriculture, which
wa? prepared by F. P. Veitch, chief of
the leather and paper laboratory, Bu
reau of Chemistry, on "The Need for
Already several Governments have
introduced stringent requirements
with which record paper must com
ply. The need in this country for
more durable paper ls a real one, Mr.
Veitch declares. Important State pa
pers, correspondence, deeds, bonds,
certificates, ledgers, court records and
certain printed documents are so val
uable, it is stated, that it is absolutely
necessary that the paper upon which
they are printed should be as nearly
indestructible as possible.
It is declared that the quality of
the paper ls not the only problem that
should give concern. So rapidly are
records of all kinds increasing that
their proper storage and safekeeping
are a serious problem. Paper should
be not only durable, but light and
thin, so that the burden of its proper
handling and storage may be reduced
as far as possible.
Sherlock in the Kitchen.
The modern Sherlock climbed
through the window and entered the
"His wife is away," ejaculated
Sherlock, as he surveyed the room
with the critical eye of Scotland Yard.
"I shall find out how long she has
And then Sherlock bega.-, to count
the soiled dishes piled up on the
"She has been away exactly four
teen days," he commented.
"And how did you find that out,
chief?" asked his assistant.
"Why, lt'B dead easy! Married
men never waBh their dishes when
their wives are away, and there are
just forty-two soiled plates on that
shelf. That means three plates a
day for fourteen days."-Chicago
Newspaper Ads. Are Cheapest.
Newspaper advertising is the cheap
est advertising known. That is to
say, it reaches more people in propor
tion to the money expended than any
other kind of advertising. _"... ^
A Daring Navigator,
By M. ALGER.
Captain Roald Amundsen was born
July 16, 1S72, at Borge, in the dis
trict of Smaalenene, Southern Nor
way. He comes from an old seafar
ing family and has had much expe
rience as a sailor. As an officer he
took part in the Belgian South Pole
expedition of 1897, on board the B?l
gica, and it was down in the Antarc
tic regions that he first planned his
famous Arctic voyage. On the wha
ler Gjoea. a ship of only forty-six
tons, he left Christiania in May, 1903,
with a crew of seven men, and three
years later, in "the summer of 1906,
the news was spread over the world
that he had accomplished what no
man before him had succeeded in do
ing.. He had not only sailed through
the Northwest Passage, .ut had lo
cated th < magnetic north pole, and
otherwise gathered much scientific in
formation of the greatest importance
in regard; to these little known re
gions. This achievement was duly
recognized. Wherever Captain Amund
sen went to tell the tale of his famous
journey he was given a hearty wel
come. King3 and emperors bestowed
upon him coveted decorations, and all
the best known geographical societies
awarded him their gold medal or
other highest honor. Among such
tokens of appreciation he received a
number from America. His book re
cording his great adventure has been
published in all the leading European
languages. The Gjoea, the first ship
to pass through the Northwest Pass
age, is now at San Francisco. It has
been proposed to sail it through the
Panama Canal when opened, and
thus make it the first ship to circum
navigate the continent of North
SMALL FARMS OF PORTUGAL.
How They Came to Be Divided Into
The Portuguese are an extremely
conservative people. Every man fol
lows rigidly the methods employed
by his father and forefathers. In
very many parts of the country the
old wooden plows are still used.
When a man dies, instead of one
of the heirs taking the whole property
and paying the remaining heirs for
their parts the whole property is di
vided into as many parts as there are
heirs. More than this, each separate
part of the property is thus divided.
Thus if a property consists of ten
acres of pasture land, eighty cf vine
yard and ten of grain land and there
were ten heirs, each heir would re
ceive one acre each bf grain and pas
ture land and eight acres of vineyard.
This process has been going on for
a very long time, so that, now In the
most fertile part of Portugal the land
is divided into incredibly small por
The immediate result of this ls
that the product of the land ?3 barely
sufficient at best to sustain its own
ers. South of the River Tagus, on
the other hand, there are enormous
tracts of excellent land lying unused,
but it has been found impossible to
Induce the farmers of the north to
move into this region and take up
large holdings.-Philadelphia In?
Tho "Ynp" in New York.
What is a yap? Is it the same
thing as a jay, or a rube? Or is a
yap merely anybody who does not
live in New York? Undoubtedly,
though that would not be the New j
Yorker's definition, that would bo !
what he really meant. So a certain
well known Bostonian thought the
other night as he sat In a Broadway
theatre and listened to the comments
of two youths behind him.
"The trouble with this celebra
tion," said they, "is that lt's brought
so many yaps to town, Even this
theatres 'full of 'em."
To thc Bostonian the theatre did
not seem full at all; quite the con
trary. Those who were present
seemed to him Intelligent and decent
appearing men and women, He him
self was conscious of his evening
clothes, worn for the occasion, and
not smelling of camphor, either.
Surely, the youths didn't mean him!
And so, after the play, to a group of
friends he propounded thc question,
What is a yap?
I went looking for yap: myself.
They were not difficult to find. They
are easily distinguished from the New
Yorker because the female yaps wear
quieter clothes that leave certain de
tails of tue figure to the imagination,
and the male yaps do not smoke In
the street cars except on the three
rear seats, give up their places to
ladies when the car is crowded, and
sound their "r's" when they talk. In
general, too, .the yap may be distin
guished in New York by a certain
foreign cast of features. He belongs
to a raca occasionally seen here,
called American.-Boston Transcript.
Killed Off Wrong Hens.
A woman whose home is not far
from Rowe's Corner has been mar
keting large quantities of eggs this
fall and the revenue therefrom has
amply repaid for the care and ieed
administered to the hens and left a
handsome profit beside, according to
the Lewiston Sun. However, this en
terprising woman decided that she
would reduce her flock of hens by
killing off those that were not lay
ing. She thought it an easy matter
to distinguish the layers from the
non-layers and proceeded in a sympa
thetic way to convert about half of
her entire flock into dressed poultry.
The day following the sale of said
dressed poultry there were no eggs.
The second day brought the same re*
turns and now the woman is wonder
ing whether by mistake she killed off
the layors or that tho remainder, of
the flock are on a strike.
There ia a belief prevalent among
the natives of Asia Minor that the
thicker the clothing worn at all sea
sons of the year, the better it is for
the human body, protecting it alike
from the winter cold and the summer
heat. In Caucasia is it not uncom
mon to see people wearing huge bear
skin coats in the midst of summer,
with the thermometer standing at
A Six-Foot Bow.
She plays with me at archery;
I'm six feet tall, vou know,
And that is why this maiden ?hy
Can draw a six-foot beau!
"Pa, what is a football coach?"
"The ambulance, I guess."-Bo?
With a Proviso.
Ile-"Will you share my lot?"
She-"Certainly, if lt's a lot 0/
She (at the art exhibition)-"How
can you tell the masterpieces?"
He-"By the price tags on them."
Edyth-"Jack says I was made to
Mayme-"A diplomatic way of re
ferring to your turned-up nose, wasn't
Medium-"The spirit of your wife
wishes to speak to 3rou."
Man-"You're a rank fraud; my
wife would never ask permission ta
speak to nie."-Boston Transcript
A Frank Admission.
"Won't you get out of ideas event
ually?" inquired the solicitous friend.
"I have been out of ideas for many
years," replied the candid press hu
day in the week."
Willie-"Where are they?"
Bertie-"This is it I've got on."--?
N'ew York Telegram.
"You si'cni to be sticking pretty
close to business these d'
"Well, I need the relaxation. The
baseball season is a terrible strain on
a man."-Louisville Courier-Journal.
! "Why do you insist on regarding
rourself as only half educated?"
"Because," answered the modest
man. "I hare read only two and a
ha if feet of my five-foot book shelf!"
Limits the Size.
"Marry me." pleaded the mere
.nan. "and your slightest wish shall
"But," queried the wise womaa,
"how about the large ones?"-Chica*
Good For Biz.
"The young men fairly shower
flowers and candy upon her. There
ls great competition for her hand."
"I 6ee. And now I understand
about competition being the life o?
Knew His Game.
Mother-in-law-"If I knew wheth
ir the weather was going to keep fine,
I would stay a little longer with you."
Wife (whispering to her husband)
-"Now, Fritz, no fooling with the
barometer, mind."-Fliegende Elaet
The Cussedness of Things.
Fuddy-"Well, one thing is cer*
1 iain, a man can't do much without
Duddy-"No, and when he ha3
money he doesn't need to do any
thing, so there you are."-Boston
Revising His Makeup.
"I understand, now that he has.
married a wealthy widow, that Wal
ker Farr, the eminent actor, will re
tire from the stage?"
"Yes. His wife declares she will
make him cut his hair and raise a
"Some of the matrons in our set
?neer at those who have children."
"Don't you do it."
"The other side may turn aroun?
ind organize a mothers' club. If they
care to be strict they can niak9 ty
dreadfully exclusive." -- LOUISTUIQ
Enough For Him.
When the physician arrived at tba .
designated house he found that his
patient was a decrepit negro, who sat
up In bed and Inquired:
"How much you' charge, doctah'''
"Two dollars a visit, which Includes
my time, experience,-advice and tue
"A poor old coon like me don't
need all dem extras; just gib me ten
cents' w?'th o' you' cough med'eine^
md dat'? enough fo'me!"*-Judge.