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Freaks of Tornadoes
Zy Garrett P. Ser viss
HETHER. the extensive irrigation, of the Western plains has
had any effect upon the prevalence of tornadoes is an in
teresting question. At any rate, the tornado season is once
more at hand, and already two or three "twisters" have
performed their fatal work.
There are few natural phenomena better worth study
. than these remarkable storms, and none that make a more
'vivid impression upon the imagination of those who, half
paralyzed with fear, behold them at close quarters.
Inhabitants of the tornado belts have learned the habits of these fur
ious amuck-runners of the air and know how to get out of their tracks. Their
general direction of motion is north of east, agreeing with that of the broad
er movements of the atmosphere. Their direction of whirl is from right to
left, which again accords with the regular motion of the atmosphere in all
Storms in the northern hemisphere. This ls a result of the earth's axial ro
tation, and could not be different as long as the circulation of the atmosphere
remains what it is. In the southern hemisphere, for the same reason, storms
revolve from left to right
But a tornado has been, known to split in two, one part revolving in . ne
direction. ? striking example of this ls found in John P. Finley's classic
work on the great tornadoes of 1879 On May 29, in that year, a terrible
tornado levelled the town of Irving in Kansas. In its track were a school
house and a church, standing 275 feet apart As the inky black monster ap
proached it lashed the earth with two funnels, travelling side by side. Au.
observer noticed that these were whirling in opposite direction^. The
whole phenomenon bore a likeness to a huge, awkward bird, tottering on its
.legs, foi- first one funnel and then the other touched the ground, tearing
everything to pieces.
Both the church and the schoolhouse were built of heavy stone blocks.
Three ladles, overcome with terror, had taken .refuge in the tower of the
church, which stood at a corner of the building. They saw the southern
funnel of the tornado strike the schoolhouse and whirl it into a conical ruin.
Almost at the same instant the northern funnel struck the church, which
went down like a card house. But amid the % awful uproar the tower re
mained standing and the ladies were uninjured. Subsequent inspection
showed that the two buildings had been twisted in opposite directions.
The leaping of a tornado is one ofjts most terrifying vagaries. Houses,
and sometimes whole towns, have been saved by these sudden jumps of the
destroyed, the awful funnel descending on the farther side and ripping up
the very ground. Streams and ponds have been drunk dry to their beds by
a bounding tornado, which afterward deluged the neighborhood with the
water. It has been suggested that electricity plays a part in this leaping
motion of the funnel. It ?ls certain that terrible electric energies are at
work in or around a tornado.
To Support Properly Supervised Monopolies
Ev Frank Ji: Oanderlip, President of the National
City Lank of New York i?iAra^VM^?)
HE clearness with which the public is coming ^o recognize
that its rights are safeguarded by indnopoly, and then sub
jecting the monopoly to reasonable regulations, is. a safe
guard-which the investor appreciates. An investor wants
to put his'money in securities that have a wide market
With the creation of such issues investors will be satisfied
with a lower return, *nd the investment field which will
observe thia type of security will enormously broaden.
It seems to me tbilt there- are the strongest economic
reasons for combining all companies L b? large ones. The utilization of the
,.sreat. water powers now being so rapid1? developed will tend for the corn-'
bined management of the various large areas. The progress which is be
l?g made in long distance transmission is of the greatest Importance in this
The tendency of th? times, it seer s to me, is distinctly in the direction
; of recognizing the controlling character of the electric lighting business. We
are on the whole a very sensible people. We believe in business initiative,
?nd db not care to have great business enterprises retarded by red tape meth
ods. The public wants fair play, and is in a position to demand and get it.
The commission which demands fair and reasonable treatment of the con
sumer, and in return secures the corporation from piratical attack of com
petitors organized only to be brought out, will in the end prove a bulwark to
the security holder.
, . . Given intelligent management, accounting which embraces ample charges
for service and fair rates which do not offer a field for legislative attack, I
see no reason why funds in the most ample supply should not be found to
?bsorb all the securities of this type that it is necessary to create.
Colleges Must Be Modern ?
By President Woodrow Wilson
' of Princeton
V********* BELIEVE in athletics. I believe in all those things which
relax energy, that the faculties may be at their best when
the energies are not relaxed, but only so far do I believe
in these diversions. When the lad leaves school he should
cease to be an athlete. The modern world is an exacting
one and the things it exacts are mostly intellectual.
A danger surrounding pur modern education is the dan
ger of wealth. I am sorry for the lad who is going to in
herit money. I fear that the kind of men who are to share
in shaping the future are not largely exemplified in schools and colleges.
-So far as the colleges go, the sideshows have swallowed up the circus
ard we in the main tent do not know what is going on. And I do not know
that'I want to continue under those conditions as a ringmaster. Ther? are
more honest occupations than teaching if you cannot teach.
i When once we have the gracious assistance of fathers and mothers we
'shall educate their sons. Given that assistance, in a generation we will
chance the entire character of American education. And it must be changed.
Schools like this one (St. Paul's) and universities like Princeton must pass
out of existence unless they adapt themselves to modern life.
ty Ellis O Jones
ISTORY is a running account of how'King Somebody-or
other either did or did not get to a certain place, which no
body ever heard of, before King Somebody-else got there,
from which we are usually supposed to conclude that it
would have made quite a difference whether he did or not.
Like nearly everything else, history has two sides. The
Histoiy of the Garden of Eden depends upon whether it '
is related by a man or a woman. The History of the
American Revolution reads quite different in English books
from the way it reads in cur own books. The History of the Civil War de
pends upon which side of the Mason and Dixon Line you happen to be sitting
'when ycu write it.
History is a bore, not only because you. are unacquainted with the peo
ple who figure in it, but because it repeats itself.-From Life.
Thc Man of the Hour.
Little Charles was sent to Miss R.'s
to return a basketj He was ?eceived
rery cordially and invited to com?
"some time and stay to dinner. '"Thank
? said Charles, very solemnly. "I
ill; I'll stay today."-The Delineator.
The yesV.mist stands beneath the
^of prcsp?f$?y, and growls when the
?t4S^?i his. head.-Success Maga
Aiv/ays At lt.
Mrs. Benham-Woman's work is
Benham-That's so; even after she
is married she is trying to make men
fall . in iovo with her-New York
Since the earthquake and fire at
San Francisco 2.800 buildings have
been erected and 4,000 others remod
eled. The disaster destroyed 2S.U?P
Appropriation Bills Give Eight of
LIVELY TIMES EXPECTED.
Much Interest is Manifested in Presi
dent's Message on Account of
Many Questions he Will Have to
Washington, D. C., Special-Con
gress assembled Monday on the
"long session," which will probably
run into the summer. Senators and
Representatives who have arrived ex
press a determination to take up the
work of the sssion vigorously with
the hope of having it well advanced
before the holidays. The House is
alreday organized by the election of
Speaker and officers at the extra ses
sion, and the appointment of com
mittees, so there will be no excuse
ffor that body not gelling down to
business at once.
The appropriation bills are to be.
given the right of way at both ends
of the capitol and pressed through
with all possible haste. When the
appropriations bills have been dis
posed of Congress will turn its at
j tention to more interesting if not
more importrnt measures.
Here are some of the things Con
gress will find ready to hand to
Sweeping changes in the railway
laws, giving added power to the in
terstate Commerce Commission.
An amendment to the Sherman an
titrust act exempting labor unions
from penalties for combination.
Subventions for the upbuilding of
the merchant marine and extension
of the ocean mail srvice.
Authorization to railroads to pool
under strict supervision of the In
terstate Commerce Commission.
Legislation regulating the boycott
and tho issuance of injunctions
against labor organizations.
Internal waterway improvements,
according to the policy outlined by
the President in his recent addresses
in the South and West.
A proposal to reduce the present
tax on oleomargaiine.
An investigation of the sugar trust
scandal will be proposed, and may
or may not be undertaken.
Much interest is manifested in the
President's message on account of
the great importance of the many
questions it will have to deal with.
No presidential message in years,
it is safe to say, .-will have been lis
tened to with a greater amount of
eagerness and interest. In the course
of his recent tour of the country Mr?
Taft outlined in hill various address
es the views he held concerning
the great public quos ;.ons of the day
and which he is expected to incor
porate in his message.
The President will propose to Con
gress important legislation upon at
least ten subjects. ?Dach is a matter
which will provoke discussion and
arouse opposition in Congress. The
chief subjects to be dealt with are:
Supervision of the issue of stocks
and bonds by interstate corporations;
readjustment of the duties and power
of the Interstate Commerce Com
mission; expansion bf the duties cf
the Bureau of Corporations; crea
tion of a,new bureau in the Depart
ment of Justice to deal with viola
tions of law by inteterstate carriers;
establishment of a so-called "rail
road court"'; amendment of the
Sherman anti-trust act; creation of a
postal savings bank; ship subsidies;
amendment of the procedure regard
ing the granting of injunctions, anr]
the conservation of natural resources
In addition to these it is probable
that currency reform will be recom
mended, not as something to be im
mediately undertaken, but to be con
sidered when the rencrt of the Mone
tary Commission is completed.
Politics in Great Britain.
London, Special.-The whole of
Great Britain is immersed in the po
litical campaign which has been in
augurated by the refusal of the
House of Lords to consent to the
budget. The country is divided in
to two great campy, composed of
those who support the Lords' action
and those who contend that the
House of Commons must have ab
solute control of the finances of thc
nation. There arc, of course, many
other issues, such as tariff reform
versus free trade, but these are be
ing pushed into thc background by
the conflict between the two houses.
While the various local organizations
are busy selecting candidates and
preparing for the contest's in their
respective districts, the leaders of the
great parties are carrying on a gen
eral campaign. The radicals, who had
long forseen the fate of their finance
bill, are not allowing r.he grass to
grow under their feet.
In London Saturday afternoon one
of their organizations the National
Democratic League, held a demon
stration as a protest against the ac
tion of the Lords which was one of
the most notable ever held in the
metropolis. Fully 20,000 persons,
mostly of the laboring and artisan
classes, gathered in Trafalgar square
and cheered the radical speakers,
who condemned in unmeasured terms
the members of the upper chamber.
Snow Ties Up Trains.
St. Paul, Minn., Special.-Cold and
snow aro nov/ delaying freight traffic
on the Northern Pacific and some
parts of the Great Northern railroads
more I han the strike of switchmen,
according to statements issued by the
general managers of those roads Sun
day night. According to General
Manager Slade of the Northern Pa
cific, freight is more or less lied up
all along the system on account of the
snow and especially in northern Min
nesota and NorthsDakota. Pasenger
trains are from one to four hours,
late in St. Paul Sunday night.
The 20th annunal reference cf thc
Southern Educational Corfermcc will
be held at Charlotte, 2Sth, 20th and
301 h of this mouth.
KNOX PLAN APPROVED.
Board of Examiners Will Pass Upon
the Fitness of AU Applicants For
Position of Secretary and the P"ec
ords of Efficiency Will Be Preserv
Washington, Special-To improve
the personnel and efficiency of the
diplomatic srvice and to encourage
and commercial foreign relations of
for promotion to the rank or minis
ters, President Taft has approved a
plan suggested by Secretary of State
Knox, and published it as an Execu
The new prospect provides for a
board of examiners to pass upon all,
applicants for appointments as sec
retaries and prescribes the standard
plan to the President, points out the
remarkable growth of-the political
and commerncial foreign relations of
the United States and the increasing
difficulty of the problems to be dealt
Records of efficiency of all the un
der secretaries will be preserved in
the State Department and appintment
from outside the srvice to secretary
ship will be made only to the class
of third secretary of embassy; or, in
case of higher vacancies, of second
scretary of legation, or of secretary
of legation at posts . which have as
signed to them only one secretary.
Vacancies in secretaryships of the
higher class will in the future be filled
by promotion from the '/?wer grades,
and efficiency and ability demonstrat
ed in the service will be the tests of
All the secretaryships in the future
will be graded according to the im
portance or difficulty or other aspects
of the work done at each mission,
and these classifications will be made
known to the srvice so that every
man may know just wher? he stands.
The examining board will deter
mine the fitness of candidates desig
nated by the- President for examina
The examinations will be held at
Washington and will be both oral
and written. A physical examination
will be supplemental.
Candidates must be between .the
ages of 21 and 50 years. The de
partment will aim to .apportion rep
resentation fairly among the States
COTTON MEN WRONGED.
Commissioner of Corporations De
nounces the Practice of Dealing in
Washington, SpeciaL-Both the
producers of cotton and the dealers in
that commodity are the victims of
the system of trading ,in vogue on the
cotton exchange of the country.
This is the burden of parts 4 and
5 of the report of Commissioner of
Corporations Herbert Knox Smith on?
the conduct; of such exchanges. . The.'
practice of dealing ml utures, as" it is
caried on at present.! is condemned,
carried on at present, is condemned,
the existence of the exchange.
"The brief discussion of general
speculation in tIiis report," says Mr.
Smith, "recognizes the possibilities
for good inherent in a great central
market like a cotton exchange, and
the need that this good be developed
and evils eliminated by regulations in
line with economic law."
The o-eport is especally condemna
tory of the dealings in futures, brand
ing this form of/speculation as pure
gambling and highly injurious to legi
timate trade. In quotations for ..fu
ture" deliveries of cotton, the market
is so uncertain and so many elements
of change enter into the transaction
that all bids are made at a much
lower figure than those offered for
cotton actually in existence.
The effect of these fictitious quota
tions, the report points out, tends to
mislead the cotton planted as to the
true value of his crop, honestly
grown. In addition it leads brokers
to "play" both sides, of the market
to protect themslves against loss in
such trades, with the rsult that the
producer is forced to pay in thc end,
while the farmer loses likewise.
The report, while recognizing that
the exchanges in New Orleans and
New York are necessary, does not
mince words in criticisir.g the New
Yorkexchange. After declaring that
the New Orleans methods of conduct
ing the transactions in cotton follow
ed natural lines, the report draws at
tention to the fact that it has been
proven that the abno:rmal depressions
in the future price in New York
"were almost wholly due to improper
artificial conditions now maintained
by the New York coton exchange. By
maintaining them the New York ex
change is responsible for a very real
injury to the producer and mer
W. J. Colhoun Likely to Accept the
Chicago, Special-William J. Cal
houn, a Chicago attorney and diplo
mat, Sunday night admitted that Sec
retary of State Knox had offered him'
the post of minister to China. The ad
mission came in denial of a report
that he had declined to accept thc of
fer. Mr. Calhoun explained that he
had been induced by Secretary of
State Knox to reconsider a determi
nation not to accept the appointment
which was offered two weeks ago.
A Good Trade.
Mamma: "Have you been taking
your cough medicine, like a good
hoy?" Tommy: "No ma'am, I let
Polly taste it an' she liked it so J
traded it to her for an orange."
"That's a very popular man."
"Yes; he'll listen to the details of
your summer trip ithont ins'sting on
telling about his own."-Kansas City
?ling of Sweccen Mincies With the
Stockholm, By GablcKing Gustave
on Saturday inaugurated a new de
parture for sovereigns. Disguised as
A stevedore he spent most of the day
parrying sacks cf con1 'Crrm a lighter.1
Iti an interview, after it was all over,
the King said that this was only the
beginning. He intended to mix with
all flass.se of laborers, so that he
might ascertain their opinions and
wishes. -Already bc added, he had ob
tained many valuable hints'from the |
men with whom he worked.
Two Cmmissar?es Sc;rit v tc
HE TOLD OVERREACH KNOX
Hopes to Catch Congressmen Enough
to Neutralize the Ultimatum.
Washington, Special. - President
Zelaya has not only refused to take
official cognizance of Secretary
Knox's note which was practically an
ultimatum, but is declared to have
dispatched special agents to Wash
ington to endeavor to have the State
Department's ultimatum set aside
first by appeals to that department
and secondly by direct appeals to
members of Congress. The State De
partment is entirely aware of the
presence and identity of thess emis-.
saries. These special agents are be
ing -watched in a general way.
It was repoi ted Friday that any at
tempt Zelaya might make to escape
from the country would receive the
direct and vigorous attention of the
American warships now lying off the
coasts of Nicaragua. Secretary
Knox's note intimated in the plainest
language that the State Department
looks upon Zelaya as the man respon
sible for the torture and death of the
two Americans, Groce and Cannon.
The plan to deflect the United
States government's program with
reference to Nicaragua came to light
Friday night when Senor Fernando
Sanchez and Dr. V. M. Roman arriv
ed here. Neither Senor Sanchez nor
Dr. Roman would talk. They gave
thier address as New York.
During the afteroon and early
evening more than r. score of tele
grams were dispatched from Senor
Sanchez's rooms. Almost an equally
large itumber were recived. This
telegraphic activity; the Central Am
ericans insist, is aimed at members of
Congress, with a view of winning
over enough of them* to render the
administration's present program in
operative in the event it is presented
Dr. Salvator Castrillo, the diplom
atic agent of the provisional govern
ment ol' Nicaragua and represntative
of ihe revolutionists here, Friday
made formal request to Secretary
Knox that he be received on equal
terms -with the agents of the Zelaya
government. It is generally believed
that Dr. Castrillo's request will be
While making all prpearations for
action, this government i has resumed
the calm that precded the issue ot
Secretary Knox's note. There were
no developments in the State Depart
ment Friday. 1
'A New Orlaans special sayst that
the bodies of Lerr.y Cannon and
Leonard Groce, the two Americans
executed by order of President Zel
aya of Nicaragua, were burned, de
clared pasengers arriving here Friday
from Nicaraguan ports on the steam
er Dictator, lt was reported that
incineration was resorted to to con
ceal tthe means of identification.
Afterwards, it was said, Zelaya found
it was impossible to conceal the fact
that the Americans had been killed
and was forced to make a report to
this effect to the State Department at
Hard to Secure a Jury.
Union City, Tenn., Special.-''The
court is up against a wall and does
not know which way to turn to se
cure a jury," remarked trial Judge
J. E. Jones at the close of Friday's
sesi?n of the trial of Garret Johnson
and Arthur Cloar, alleged leaders of
the Reelfoot night riders charged
with the murder of Capt. Quentin
Rankin. Two jurors were secured,
but as one secured earlier in the trial
was excused on account of illness, the
panel still lacks one man. Over
1,500 veniremen have been examined
since thc present trial started. Judge
Jones ordered another panel brought
into court Monday afternoon.
Zelaya's Troops Desert.
! Bluefields, Nicaragua, Special-Col.
Guadamouse, an officer of the Nica
raguan government army, has desert
ed President Zelay& and with 100 men
poined the rebel force of General
Estrada at Rama. Guadamouse states
that Zelaya's troops in the vicinity of
Rama number 1,400 of whom 200 are
sick. They are existing on pilot
bread and native cheese which is dol
ed out scantily.
Syrian Declared a White Man.
Atlanta, Special.-By the decision
of Judge W. T. Newman of the Unit
ed States district court Friday, Cos
ta George Najour, a Syrian by birth,
is declared a white man and eligible
to the privilege of citizenship in the
United States. A strong fight has
been made by the immigration bureau
against the granting of naturalization
papers to Ni.jour on the ground that
he is a mongolian. It is probable
the case will be taken to the United
States court of appeals.
Keep Navy Yards Till Later.
Washington, Special.-Despite thc
agitation to close some of the navy
yards along the Southern coast, Sec
retary of thc Navy Meyer will oppose
any such step for the present. This
much was made plain to President
Taft Friday. He says that he is net
entirely convinced that the govern
ment can advantageously give up.
sites in winch large expenditures
have been made, until after the open
ing of thc Panama canal.
Strike About Over.
St. Paul, Minn.. Special.-With 1,
500 men imported to take the place
of thc striking switchmen who are
members of the Switchmen's Union
of North America and those striker?
who arc members of the Brotherhood
of Railway Trainmen, returning tc
work, managers of the Great North
ern Railway Friday night asserted
that the strike was about over. Thc
strike leaders, however, despite the
desertion, asserted that thc strike had
only begun. Freight congestion is
hot apprccably relieved
The Civil Service Commission has
summoned Public Printer Donnelly
to appear before it on December 15
to show cause why he placed &
charge of insubordination against
John W. Rodgers an employe'of the
Government Printing Office, who, al
though told by his foreman that he
could not be spared, took leave with
pay which was due him, he alleges,
and absented himself from his work
for three days in November to go
heme and vote.
Announcement is made by Secre
tary Mitchell Carroll, of the Archae
ological Institute of America, that
David G. Hogarth, M. A., curator of
the Ashmolean Museum, University
of Oxford, will be the first foreign
lecturer under the Charles Eliot Nor
ton Memorial . Foundation, recently
endowed by James Loeb, of New
York. Mr Hogarth began his lec
ture tour under the society's engage
ment at Halifax, N. S., and will ad
dress half a dozen societies of the in
stitute in Canada before coming to
the United States. Afterward he will
lecture for the institute at Buffaio,
Washington, Baltimore and Philadel
phia. The institute's officers are
gratified at securing Mr. Hogarth for
the first foreign lecturer. He is an
eminent archaeological explorer, geo
grapher and author, having explored
Asia Minor on four expeditions, ex
cavated the site of the Temple of
Diana at Ephesus for the British
Museum and conducted many other
important excavations and explora
tions in Egypt, Crete and Asia Minor.
President Taft is developing into
a twentieth century' Haroun Al Ras
chid. He is acquiring a habit of
prowling around the strets and parks
of the capitol at all hours of the
evening. When the conference on the
proposed j changes to be made in the
interstate commerce law ended at 6
o'clock Monday, Secretary Dickin
son and Attorney General Wicker
sham were coming out of the exe
cutive office when they were hailed.
'.Hold on there a minute," called the
President. A moment later he ap
peared, struggling with the refrac
tory buttons of his light overcoat.
''How about a walk," he said "Let's
strike out." Both chorused that a
stroll1 in the dark was exactly the
thing they had been pining for. The
stroll took them over the wind swept
reaches of the Potomac river bottom.
The trio walked briskly back to the
White House, where the President
waived a farewell and disappeared.
Following a lengthy conference at
the White House it was announced
Monday night that the administra
tion will exert its influence towards
securing a comprehensive revision- of
the interstate commerce law by the
incoming Congress. A rough draft
of the proposed: amendments to the
law was. submitted by Alcorney-Gen
eral Wickersham, srd while this was
considered in all its details, no de
cision with respect to it was reached.
All of the 2,500 national banks in
the United States, which now hold
board meetings at irregular and in
frequent intervals, must have month
ly meetings of their boards of direc
tors, must appoint examining and dis
count committees and all the loans
and discounts of each bank must be
approved by the directors' board at
the monthly meeting, such approval
to be recorded in permanent form.
This was the pronunciamento of
Comptroller of the Currency Murphy
The court of appeals of the District
of Columbia has granted the petition
of Samuel Gompers, John Mitchell
and Frank Morrison of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor in the con
tempt case against them for a stay
of execution of the mandate of the
court sending them to jail. The man
date is stayed indefinitely, pending
appeal to the United States supreme
The personel of Uncle Sam's
establishment is increasing by leaps
and bounds, the grand total of all
Federal employees at present being
approximately 370,065, as against
300,141 in 1907, an increase in the
two years of about 04.000. persons, or
about 20 per cent. These and other
interesting facts are brought out in
the official register, or Government's
"blue book," for 1909, which short
ly will be issued.
From authoritative sources it was
learned Saturday that the United
States and Chile at last had reach
ed a final agreement as to the terms
of a protocol referring to King Ed
ward for definite settlement of the
Alsop claim and that the protocol, in
all probability, would be signed
within the next three or four days.
King Edward, it is understood, has
signified his willingness to act '?
fae capacity of mediator. .
An average of five miles an hour
is the record established by G. W.
Vogel. J. M. Casey, P. Jordan. H.
Filbert, J. Shaney and J. Hertel, of
Baltimore, who arrived in Washing
Ion Sunday morning, having trav
ersed the distance in eight hours
They left Baltimore about ?> o'clock
in the moraine; and although some of
(he party had difficulty keeping up
Hie pace toward the last,' they were
ail in lair shape when they arrived ir
Before insuring elsewher
Old Line Companies.
M The Farmerf
ALABAMA VOTES AGAINST
Prohibition Amendment to Constitu
?s Lost hy Majority of 13,000 or
Birmingham, Ala., Special.-All in
dications point to a majority of be
tween 18,000 and 20,000 in Alabama,
against the prohibition constitutional
amendment Monday, > Chairman J>
Lee Long, who bas been in charge of
the fight against the amendment,,
claims that the majority -against the*
amendment will bc fully 20,000
Jefferson county, in which Bir
mingham, the largest city in the
State, in spite of the fact tljat the
.fight has been concentrated It?re,
gave a majority of over 1,000 against
the amendment. Mobile, Montgom
ery and Cullman counties show the
largest majorities on the victorious*
side and it appears the amendment
has carried in but three counties,
Talladega, Macon and Sumter, witb
Lee in doubt.
Monday's election being the first
time the State has ever had an op
portunity to pass on the prohibition
question, is regarded as especially
significant. Still it cannot be regard
ed as a straight anti-prohibition vic
tory because of the personal politics
that has been injected into the issue.
Its association with the administra
tion of Governor B. B. Comer and
his reputed ability to name a suc
cessor to the governorship in Judge
S. D. Weakley, author of the prohi
bition bills, have figured prominently
in the result.
A significant feature of the result
is the fact that sentiment against
the amendment is so widespread.
Rural precincts, small towns and
cities alike are, for the 'most part,
returning substantial majorities on
the winning side.
There has never been seen here
anything like the enthusiasm shown
in Birmingham over the result. The
result everywhere is regarded as a
1 distinct repudiation of the present
State administration which has been
particularly radical in its so-calied
. Announcement of the engage
ment of Miss Alice Bleach, social sec
retary to Mrs. Taft, and Lieut.
Richard Wainwright, Jr., of the
navy, has opened up competition
among social secretaries here and
other young women not already es
tablished as such, for succession to
Miss Bleach's position. Mrs. Taft ?is
a seasoned hostess, and the long ser
vice of Mr. Taft in various positions
here has given Mrs. Taft probably
a wider acquaintance among mem
bers of the social colony and x
greater knowledge of the official so
cial code than any'other President's
.. RECIPES., '
- French Creamed Dates.-One scant
cupful of confectioner's sugar,: % cup
ful of water, white of 1 egg, mixedl
with water, add flavoring. Boil all!
together, allow lt to cool, then worfr
between the hanSs and cut in pieces:
large enough to fill dates from which
the stones have been removed. Roll
dates In granulated sugar.
. Dainty Molasses Wafers.-A scant
quart of flour tefore It is sifted. 2-3
cup of lard rubbed into the flour.
Then make a hole In the flour and
put in 1 cup of molasses, 1-2 tea
spoon of salt, 1-2 teaspoon of ginger
and 1 teaspoon of soda wet In two1
teaspoons of cold water, then mix.
Take small pieces of the dough and
roll very thin, cut out and bake.
Tomato Soup.-Boil chicken or
beef four hours, then strain; add to
the soup 1 can of tomatoes and boil
one hour. Salt and pepper to taste.
This will make four quarts of soup.
Bisque of Oysters.-Let two quarts
of milk come to a boil. Take three
pints of oysters, drain off the liquor,
put in a chopping bowl and chou fine.
Stir two small tablespoonfuls cf flour
in four of melted butter. Put the
oysters in the boiling milk, stir in
the butter and flour, season with pep
per and salt, let boil up once and
Fried Bananas.-Peel ripe feananas,
cut in half, roll in eggs b?ate:;- with
cold7 water or milk, then In flour, and
fry In deep hot fat until a golden
yellow. If you wish to serve them
for dessert sprinkle with sugar and'
lemon jalee; if as a vegetable, sprin
kle lightly with salt.
Strange and uncommon perplex!
I ties confront a New Jersey presby
tery which debated whether to per
mit a worthy brother to accept a
pastorate at a smaller salary than his
colleagues think he should take. Tbs
church which bas called him, relates
the Boston Transcript is required by
the presbytery to pay a salary of $800
a year. The clergyman has figured it
out that, since there is a school In
the region which offers free tuition
to ministers* daughters, he could get
along nlcelv on $700 a year, and he
would hardly know what to do with
more money than that. Thus the mat
ter rests, with the church willi mr to
pay either amount, and the presby
tery and the minister betraying sterns
of obstinacy, while all the 'neighbor
ing men of the cloth stand around
and wonder and admire. And yet
th?y own their kinship to the -nan
who wants a smaller salary. Most
of them have to take one, whether or
When a man wants company -for
dinner, complains the New York
Globe, he has to have his wife's per
mission, and she has to have the
Bank of JSdgeficld