Newspaper Page Text
Notes of Intel
Chickens and Garden.
It ?s an old saying that "chickens
and garden do not 'go' together," and
taken, as.meant, nothing is more_ ob
viously true. But the two may exist
and thrive simultaneously on the
j same premises to good advantage. He
who owns a small piece ot ground or
has one tinder his direct supervision
may obtain from the garden a large
percentage of the support of a lot of
hens upon what would otherwise be
waste. As to the construction and
hygienic arrangement of a small poul
try yard. I refer you to articles which
. appear from time to time ir these
The logic of economy is, or should
be, an absorbing theme for each mem
ber; of the average family, am? is al
ways recognized as an, item of the
basis of thrift. . There are many edible
portions of garden "off falls" that are
real relishes for fowls, bnt they are
usually cor sighed to the dump.
Onions intended to mature dry
bulbs for winter are improved in size
and tissue by occasionally clipping the
freshly fallen tops or blades. There
ls no finer luncheon for fowls than
The juicy young plants drawn from
rows of radish, cabbage, lettuce, spin
ach and corn at thinning time are
good appetizers. The simplest change
in diet or addition to the customary
rations quickly shows a remarkable
increase of egg production. Stalks of
cabbage shorn of their heads, and of
corn_"iu joint," accidentally or other
wise broken off. should be collected
and carried to the poultry pen while
fresh. Poorly filled roasting ears re
jected for table are splendid raw feed
. Nubbins of sugar corn -permitted to
ripen make a mest excellent winter
food, lt is interesting to watch' the
hens select the grains of sugar corn
from among tie grains of field corn
fed at th:* same time. The fodder
save every binde of it! The chickens
will eat it all. and ii is very bene
Scial when fed along with thc more
concentrated feeds in winter.
Dron sunflower seeds in thc miss
ing hills o* early corn and potatoes,
etc.. and harvest in the autumn for
feeding, purposes at molting time.
The small potato?.s rejected in the
patch at digging time measure up as
tonishingly, and when cooked make a
staple ingr?dient for the bran mash
cn cold mornings. Turnips, like po
tatoes, are not only nutritious, but
help to counteract the ill effects of
top much grain, and should be treated
like potatoes for the warm mash.
After digging time a little comer of
the early potato patch will raise
enough turnips fer both family and
bu? fowls seemjfloy or in
o their feed, ^feke up a
the garden and observe
ly new life V*<es upon the
a care. May you not ba as
economical as the millionaire pork
packer who beasts that "nothing is
lost of the pig except^the 'squeal?' "
Economy is the keynote of success in
business. Economy to a fault is bet
ter than penury. A few hens, how
ever, will not make you rich, but if
you h&\e. chickens, and also a garden,
remember that it is possible for you
to save many an. order for fjed, and
supplant it with articles better than
any compound sacked up and offered
to you cn tho market at a fabulous
price.-L.. C. Sea}, in Farm and Fire
Applying Fertilizers to Grass Land.
; L. H. WI, Farmville. writes: When
should a mixture of nitrate of soda,
muriate of potash and acid phosphate
be applied for timothy hay? . I have
an eight-disk Superior grain and fer
tilizer drill and can sow grass seed
at the same time*:
Answer: It will not be worth while
to seed grass now until the . fall.
From the 15th of \September to the
1st of October is a very good time,
provided there is enough moisture in
the ground to cause the grass to
germinate quickly. Sou can apply
the fertilizer and sow the grass seed
at the same time, i$Mesirable. The
fertilizer should not be put in the
ground 'too deep and the grass seed
sown on top and covered with a har
row. We do not think it is good
policy to mix the seed and fertilizer
together. We regard the weeder as
one of the best implements for cov
ering grass seed. If you use a nurse
crop, you will find a light seeding o
barley, oats or wheat advantageous
If oats are used they may be cut for
hay when in the early dough stage
the next year and not allowed to ma
ture. This will prevent the ground
from being dried out so completely as
when the oats manure will enable
the grass to make a better growth
before the dry weather of summer
WOOL FROM ARGENTINA.
The shimpents of wool from Arge
tine ports from October 1, 1908, to
September 30, 1909, aggregated 487,
099 bales, of which 58,654 went to
the United States. The shipments
from Montevideo were 108,589 bales,
of which 5,075 went to the United
States.. The total shipments from
Argentine ports the year previous
wore 413,327 bales and from Monte
video 94,418 bales.
It is expected that the onion crop
.of Southwest Ttxas in 1910 will
reach a total of 24200,000 crates. Of
this over one-half, or about 2,200
cars, will originate in the Laredo dis
trict, where the best Bermuda onion
lands in the country are located.
The balance of the crop will come
from Cogulla and the Brownsville
country. While the recent frosts
damaged the heads of the onions con
siderably, the bulb has not oeerj
2d in the South,
est to Planter,
sets ia. We think/that grass may
often be seeded by itself advanta
geously, especially if the ground is
not particularly rich. Land that is
foul with weeds and trash should first
be - summer fallowed and sown in
cowpeas to be utilized for green man
ure. They will also actas a smother
crop and hold weed growth in check.
A Handy Harness Hanger.
I first dressed a 2x3 piece of timber
and cut three pieces - the upright
three feet long, the top piece five feet
long and the brace three and a half
feet long and framed them together
like illustration. Then I took two
cid sled standards, staples, and drove
them in the post of the stable, round
ed the ends of the upright piece so
they would turn and put them in.
Then you can open them out, put
youi harness on them, push them
back against the wall and they will
be out of the way and keep them
straight. 1 have found this handy.
Grover A. Art, Ewing, Ky.
Parc Bred Bull is the Most Profitable.
It is certainly essentiai that every
dairyman have a pure bred bull at the
head of his herd, and it should be a
registered bull, too; not that, kind
that is "thoroughbred/' but cannot be
registered; they'are generally grades.
Every dairyman, if hejenpects to make
a complete success, of his business,
should raise his own cows, by saving
the heifer calves from the bsst pro- 1
ducers in'the herd, and in order to
raise the standard of his herd, he
should by all means keep a bull that
is well bred, and whose offspring ls
calculated to make good dairy cows.
When. a dairyman buys a bull he
should look for better results than
the mere fact of getting his cows with
caif. He should figure on improving
the equality of his future herd, and
to do this he should look to the qual
ity of the tull, and not to the cheap
ness of the price. The character and
reliability of the breeder means a
great deal in the buying of a good
herd bull." The bull should be one
that will lay a good foundation for a
.healthy, vigorous and high-producing
dairy herd, and one that will help in
crease the good effects of every future
sire that- may be used.
: The purchaser should select a breed
that is as near his ideal as possible,
and then stick to it, and not change
from one breed to another every year
A bull should Indicate from his ap
pearance that he possesses a strong
Individual character. He should
show plenty of masculinity and a
good, distinct dairy type. He should
have a strong constitution and plenty
of nervous energy, so that he will
stamp his characteristics, as well as
those of his dams, on his offspring.
The Good Peach Orchardisi.
We plant a crop of corn, cotton ol
cabbage every year and do not com
plain because we must plant every
time before we get any harvest; but
most cf us complain loud and long
because we cannot put out a budded
peach tree and have it bear a harvest
yearly for a long time. The real fact
is, that if we should spray and trim
peach trees carefully, thin the fruit
thoroughly, take time enough to' de
stroy the borers that may attack it
and get no more than three crops be
fore a tree died, a budded tree that
bore choice peaches would yield a
handsome profit. We could afford to
uproot the old tree and plant a new
orchard early enough to take the
place of the old one. That is what
peach growers expect to 'do in sec
tions where peach growing iz a thriv
Thc Extra Pounds.
It will cost about 150 pounds 01
butter to keep a cow in good produc
tion a year; and ? cow tha?. gave nc
more could not pay her way. She
will not get in the profit class, all ex
penses considered, till she yields 20C
to 240 pounds of butter fat a year
After such an amount is reached
every additional pound will be prac
tically net profit. These extra
pounds ara what should be striver
NATURAL GAS DISCOVERY. /
Consul M. J. Hendrick reports the
discovery of natural gas near Monc
ton, New Brunswick. Several wells
have been driven, two of which, 1,500
feet deep, are estimated to produce
1,600,000 cubic feet daily. They have
been plugged pending the boring of
other wells. If the quantity : found
warrants, the gas will be piped to
Moncton for lighting and manufac
The semi-official statement as to
the sugar production in Cuba during
the season of 1908-09 shows that 171
mills were operated to make the great
output of 10,595,072 bags, or 1,513,
582 tons. Of these mills 43, or about
25 per cent, were American, either by
actual ownership or incorporation.
The production of these American
mills accounted for about 40 per cent
of the whole output, thus confirming
the current statement as to their
efficiency and great capacity.
?|?S5???> <^Y7> nov TO ?
This is a pleasing variation from
the old fashioned baked Indian pud
ding. Soak five tablespoonfuls of
pearl tapioca two hours in cold water
I to cover. Pour four cupfuls of scald
ed milk over four tablespoonfuls of
Indian meal and add three-fourths of
a cupful of molasses, three table
spoonfuls of butter and one and one
half teaspoonfuls of salt. Cook in
double boiler twenty minutes, then
add tapioca drained from water. Turn
into a buttered pudding dish and pour
over one cupful of cold milk, but do
not stir. Bake one and one-fourth
hours in c slow even. Serve with or
without thin cream. - Iudianapplir
Work half a pound of fondant un
til creamy, and add a teaspoonful cf
vanilla flavoring, a few drops at a
time. Have ready English walnuts
shelled and divided in halves. Take
a small piece of fondant, roll in a ball,
put between two halves of walnuts
and press together. Stand aside to
harden on a platter dusted with con
For ' creamed dates remove tho
stones and fill the centro with flav
Creamed fruits are made by dip
ping in melted fondant. Add a little
water, a drop at a time, until thc fon
dant is thin enough- to cover the fruit.
Melt it in a small saucepan over hot
water, stirring constantly. White
grapes, candied cherries, slices of or
ange and nuts aro treated in thi7
manner.-Nev/ York Tribune.
To Eakc Potatoes.
Baked potatoes are a siaple article
of diet in most families. They are in
expensive and easy to prepare. Yet
constantly as they are used it is rare
to find one well baked-the skin is
either burned or thc contents are not
Do not have thc oven too hot for
baked potatoes. If they are ?one in a
moderate heat fer a longer tizie they
will be more evenly cooked.
Pricking the small end of a potato
with a fork before putting it in the
oven will keep thc skin from bursting. '
A German cook noted for her deli
cious baked potatoes washes them
carefully, then rubs the skin with
pure lard before putting chem in the
oven. They are much more delicate
and1 tender all through when so
A pleasant variety in baked pota
toes is to skin' them when raw, rub
them over with a greased paper
dipped in butter and baked in the or
In serving baked potatoes they
should be passed cn a folded napkin,
and taken with tho fingers rather than
with a spoon.-New Haven Register.
Jellies ottea refuse to jell when
put into largo receptacles. .
Cream cheese mired With canned
currants or jellied cranberries makes
a good sandwich filling.
To remove the odor of onions after
peeling, put. thc knife and the.hands'
in very cold water for a few minutes.
This will entirely remove thc scent.
Small cold cream jars and the like,
If scalded, make enc '.lent containers
for jelly which at sumo time or other
you will desire to place in a lunch
To get rid of rats and mice, stuff
tho holes where they come In with ab
sorbent colton moistened with for
maldehyde, then "over with plaster
To have bright lights bcil thc iamp
burners in a strong solution of soda
and let dry thoroughly before using.
Soak .the wicks in vinegar while tho
burners aro drying.
If dark wool material, men's suits,
women's skirts and the like, become
shiny, sponge with a solution of com
mon washing blue and water. Press
while still damp under a thin cloth.
At a certain cooking school they
recommend hot gingerbread served
with fried apple sauce. The apples
are stewed and then reheated in hot
butter and browned like ordinary
When the edges of dollies or table
covers curl up, run weight tape into
the hems and they will lie perfectly
smooth. The same is very good to
run in edges of sash curtains on book
cases and the like. t
"Did you ever., use a shower bath
.hose,.on ironing day to sprinkle the
clothes'? ' A watering'pot with a fine
stream should do just as well. The
clothes are sprinkled more evenly
and in a shorter time.
A perfectly clean paint brush is a
good thing to keep on hand to clean
dusty fruit Grapes, sandy dried
peaches, strawberries and other fruits
in their season are quickly cleaned in
If you arc beginning to have trou
ble with your feet, bathe them often,
powder .them freely, rub alcohol on
them occasionally-give them careful
attention until you discover the sort
of treatment, they respond to.
In choosing footwear for young
children, it should be remembered
that lace boots are better for them
than buttoned footwear. The shanks
of ttte button are apt to press on tho
instep or ankle and, cause discomfort,
while better support is naturally
given to the ankles when Jt is possi
ble to draw In the laces at will.
The flavor of the seeded raisin lo
. better than that of the seedless sul
tana raisin, but some cake makers
and pudding makers find the stoning .
of the fruit tedious and object to thc
waste involved-for there is a cer
tain amount of pulp cleaving to thc
seeds when removed. A little butter
rubbed on the fingers and on the
knife will do away with much sticki
ness and waste of time and fruit.
0<K> eo<>0 rp^^ww^
i wOOD fr?OADS
Construcci?n of Cot?n?ry Highways.
3Y JAIIES J?. ITEAD. 2X-JIAY-?ROF XASUYILL?
During thc past ier years many ex
periments '..haye been .made, ter con
struct a roadway, at a. reasonable
:ost, that , would withstand /tho' action
of the clements,- water, ,heat and
frost, the impact of the-horsei?.' iron
5hod hoofs, the '-grinding eCect of; the
wheels of traffic," and the.;sucking ac
tion of the.aufomobile tire in with?
scatteririg'it to the .winds, created by
the speed of the machine itself- . And*
while air of these experiments lead
to the concussion that the use of some
bituminous binder Is absolutely nec
essary to meet these conditions, the
perfect roadway has'?ot yet been de
In all these cxpcr:mezi? there have
been two radically different theories
is to the best method of construct
ing a roadway thai would bind the
mineral particles together, afford
elasticity, and waterproof the surface
so as to make the roadway withstand
the action of the elements and the
strain of traffic-the one theory as
suming that mero density of struc
ture would best accomplish this-end,
and therefore advocating the uso of
Une particles of sand so graded as, .
with the bituminous cement used, to
make, as nearly as possible, a solid
mass, depending, however almost C?
clusively upon the cement used to
furnish the required hardness to
withstand1, tho effect of traffic. The
other theory claimed that greater sta
bility, ?and at the same' time greater
iensity. could be accomplished by the
use of different sizes of'stone so grad
ed that the smaller would fill the
voids between thc larger,' and thereby
permit the use of a softer cement, giv
ing to the structure greater life and\
slasticity, and at the same time af
fording a better foothold for horses
rind preventing thc skidding .o? auto
But it does seem that there must
be an intermediate method of con
structing country roads, wbioh will
combine the'essential: ideas of the
more permanent forms of street con
struction, without the expensive de
tails necessary-for the construction of
that kind cf pavement, and at the
name time meet the demands to which
lite road may te subjected. And it is
this form of road construction that I
desire to submit for your considera
First and foremost in road build
ing, as in everything che. .there must
be a good solid foundation properly
laid ,out andiCoristructed,.be;?orc any
thing worthy of being called a good
road can.be commenced. Upon the
sub-grade properly graded and rolled
a foundation not less than five inches
of stone, of practically uniform size,
not larger than two and a half inches,
chould be spread ' and thoroughly
rolled, and upen this " surface 'there
should then bo spread enough crush
er screenings to fill the voids in the
surfaco of thc lower layer.. If larger
stones are used thpy should be placed
m layers at the bottom. And if upon
his surface after thorough compres
sion there should bo_ipr.ead a bitum
inous compound of coal .tar "dr asphalt
r.nd varying sizes of crushed stone
mixed in such proportions as to give
Ihe highest possiblo degreee of den
city, applied while hot, and before
cooling again coyer this surface with
a coating of bituminous cement and
one-quarter inch stono chips thor
oughly worked into this bituminous
coating, a substantial, durable,
smooth, waterproof and plastic struc
ture can be produced aCa .reasonable
cost, that will w \hstand,nofc only the
automobile but the average country
traffic, be free from dust and afford
easy traction, with a good foothold
for . horses. While more expensive
than the ordinary macadam, such a
road can be built at much less cost
than asphalt, bitulithic, .brick or any
form of block pavement which' is used
in cities, and should be well within
the reach of any community desiring
to build a permanent and inteligent
system of good roads': lIf'only a few
miles of. this character of-road "was
built each year, in a comparatively
short time a good system Of roads
would be established and; the desire
created in every community.to follow
the - same example. -- From. Good
Roads Magazine. - v
An Object Lesson^
Representatives of a- numoer of
Mississippi counties recently visited
the town of Brandon, the county seat
of Rankin County, to Inspect a mile
of sand clay road which has been
constructed there. Much satisfaction
is expressed with the road, which was
formerly spoken of as the worst road
in the county.
Caught Salmon With Shovel.
Catching a three-foot silver salmon
with a shovel in an irrigation ditch
was the unique experience of Aaron
Jacques, a ditch walker on the Selah
Canal. Jacques was attracted to the
place by a great splashing in the
canal. Upon investigation he discov
ered that it was a salmon, which he
threw out on tho bank with his
The fish was a fine silver salmon
three feet in length. It had traveled
over thirty-five miles through, the
ditch from the river- to the point
where it was caught.:-Portland Ors
Preserve Cut Flowers.
Flowers are being sent in numbers
to us "spirits in prison" by country
friends. How .to preserve the cut
blossoms, that is the question. There
are those who pin their faith to clip
ping the stalks every day and giving
them fresh water. Others vote for
a pinch of salt in the water or a dash
of ammonia cr a piece cf charcoal.
An eminent Aesculapius whom I
met the other day told me that, ac
cording to his experience, nothing
kept flowers so well as a lump of loaf
sugar popped into their waater.
Alaska has three times the placer
area California had. California has
produced in fifty-nine years $1,400,
000,000 in gold and Alaska will pro
duce three times a3 much when pron?
In all its forms, nniong ?.ll ages of horses
and dog*, cured and others iu the same
stable prevented from having the disease
"with Spohn's Distemper Cure. Every bot
tle guaranteed. Over 500,000 bottles sold
lost year. $.50 and $1.00. . Good d niggl* tf>
or send to manufacturers. Agenta wanted.
Write for free book. Spohn Med. Co.,
Spec. Contusions Disenneo. (?esl?en. Ind.
Progress is the law of life: man is
not man as yet.-Robert Browning.
To Core a Cold in One Day
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets.
Druggists refund money if it fails to cure.
E. W. Grove's signature is on each box. 25c.
God the first garden made, and tho
first city Cain-Cowley.
H.H. GREEN'S SONS, of Atlanta, Ga., are
the on]y/..uc.'cssftil Dropsy Specialists in the
world. See their liberal offer in advertise
ment in another column of tLis paper.
A man's best things are nearest;
him, lie close about his feet.-Rich
ard Monckton. _So. 4-10.
Dr. Pierce's Pellets,1'small, sQgar-coated,
easy to take ns candy, regulate and invig
orate stomach, liver and powell Do no?
gripe. , .... . y , ? .
We know truth; not only, by tho
reason,, but also by the heart.
a. Virginia Woman's Sufferings With
Mrs. Virginia Spitzer, Buena-Vista"
Va., says: "For thirty years I .suf
fered everything but death with my
kidneys. I cannot describe my suffer
ings from terrible
bearing down pains,
dizzy spoils, head
aches and period.;
of. partial blindness.
The urine was full
of sediment. I "was
in the hospital three
weeks. Loan's Kid
ney Pills were quick
to bring relief and
soon made me well
and strong again."
Remember the name-Doan's. For
sale by all dealers. 50 cents a box.
|,Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
SKELETONS PLOWED UP.
Lexington, Special-A large num
)er of skeletons were found a few
lays ago near Collierstown, and gre.it
interest has been excited by the grue
some find. While John M. Knick was
plowing in his field he uncovered, a
bone, and on investigation he un
earthed at least ten skeletons. Later
three'other skeletons were found. It
is the general belief that the bones
are the skeletons of Indians and that
their burying ground was at the place
?vher? the bones were found.
TRIALS of th?NEEDEMS
_ W' Tr?T A Gobb LAUGH AND A
MUNYON5 PAW-PAW PILI. MAKE LIFE
WORTH LIVING. IO PILLS IO*
IU ii ny on'* l'aw 1'aw filia coax the liver luto
activity l?y gentle met bods. They do not scour, gripe
or weaken. They are a tonic to the stomach, liver
and norveti; Invigorate turnead of weaken. They en
rich the blood au 1 enable the stomach to get ali the
nourishment trout t?od that ls put Into lc. These
pills contaTii no calomel; they are soothing, heullng
and stimulating. Fur salo by ali druggists in lue and
25c size*. If you need medical advice, write Mun
yon's Doctor??. They will advisn to the best of their
ability abhOlutely free of Charge. .11 L N VON'S,
33d m.tl J eiu-r ,on tit?., Pbiladelpuiu, ru.
il nu yon 'B Cold Kcmedy cures a cold In one day.
Price 25c, Munyon's Rheumatism Itenredy relieves
lu a few hours and cures In a lew days. Price iic.
Your Medicine Closet Should Contain
an emorgancy remedy for acuto Indigestion, food
poisoning or plain gripes. For any stomach distress
a liberal dose of
&*jGk. XJ? jfiLT1 -A. 3LB9
A CREAM OF CASTOR OIL,
promptly administered, will afford relief, ami by
cleansing the system remove a cause for Illness.
Palatal ls tasty, safe and effective. The Ideal cathar
Uc, 25a, druggists or Murray Drug Co.. Columbia. S.C.
LUTHER BURBANK'S GREATEST <
SEED 20 CTS. 1
This is positively the GREATEST nei
get away iron. The proofs are oven
Frui t bine-black like an enormous rieb blneb
Unsurpassed for eating raw, cooked, canned or
This great garden in.it la equally Taluable in n
mates. Easiest plan t in the world to grow, euc'i
yielding great m assen of rich fruit all summer a
boon to the family gurdon erer known. Learea
used for greena and ere superb. E ve ry beni y cai
Luther Burbank, of California, the world fa
iginat?d the Wonderberry and turned it over tc
saya of lt : "This absolutely new berry plant is
value as it bears the most delicious, wholesome
In utmost profusion ?nd always comes true frot
READ MY CATALOGUE, paires t and 3,
culture, uses, etc. (Also Colored Plate.) With s
from well-known and reputable people aU o
the "Grime ot the Wondexberry."
Address JOHN L!
P. S. This offer will not appear again.
Color more goods brighter and faster colors than any .
tan dye any garment without ripping apart, Write
Oldest Newspapefin South Carolina.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WE?NESDAY, JANUARY 26th, 1910 NO. 52