Newspaper Page Text
News Notes ef General Interest
From; All Ports of the State.
Gov. Ansel has suspended Magis
|> trate D. Lester Gauit, of Kelton..
Union county, for betting on game of
Representative C. T. Wyche of
Newberry, has received a cablegram
from the American consulate at Par
is that his daughter, Miss Isoline
Wyche, who with another Carolinian
and former Winthrop student, Miss
Florrie Bates, of Orangeburg , has
been studying in Paris, is "perfectly
safe," from the flood dangers.
Southern Railway Detective S. H.
Boyer, who was shot through the
lung by one. of three negro car
: thieves whom, he surprised at work
Iin the Royster yards at Columbia be
fore dawn last-Wednesday, died Fri
day morning at the Columbia Hos
Seven pupils and a teacher were
hurt last Friday morning when a
fierce cyclone demolished the Two
Mile Swamp school house, 12 miles
from' Or?ngeburg. One of the pupils,
a son of Dan Garick, was severely
injured about the back. The injured
teacher is Miss Julia Reed.
Greenwood county has Organized
a boys' corn club.
Lexington cotton.mills are running
only four days a week. High price
of cotton said to be the reason.
Timmonsville is to have a new
The Southern Textile association,
which will meet in Columbia, Feb
ruary 19, will, be largely attended and
an attractive programme has been
The Roddey estate was sold at pub
lic auction at Pock Hill and brought
Clarendon county is to have a
county fair in the fall.
The Cheraw printing company has
been chartered with $2,000 capital.
The "Charleston & Western Caro
lina railroad will not build a new
depot but will enlarge the present
station at Woodruff.
Gen. M. L. Bonham, of Anderson,
.has been elected president of the
South Carolina. Bar Association.
The railroad commission ordered
the Southern Railway and Atlantic
Coast Line Railway officials to ar
range their schedules as to make con
nection at Pregnall's, a junction
point between Charleston and
Greenwood is making a strong ef
. fort to have the Citadel cadets an
nual encampment this summer.
Ten thousand bales of cotton was
sold on Chester's market since Sept.
Anderson is to have a public
abattoir for inspection of all cattle,
hogs, sheep, etc., before being slaugh
Isaac Martin died at Inman of
Boyce," D. D., president
roman's College of the A. P.
rcb; at Due West, is dead.
sum of $32,658.41 represerV;
eipts from fisheries from Char
Colleton; Georsetowu,. Horry
Jr~"c?imtie3 from 1906
t to" 1909. The expenditures as shown
from reports received by Comp
troller General Jones were $30,357.84
thus leaving a balance of $2,320.57
to be divided between the State and
Citizens of the town of Black
stock, "Chester county, have begun the
! matter of moving for the forming
of a new county with that town as
tho county seat
It is announced from Columbia
'that Hon. R. S. Whaley. Speaker .of
the House, will be a candidate for
At Greenville thirteen heirs settled
up with creditors and sixty-seven
mortgages were satisfied in one day
Chester is to have an electric road.
. which will link the county scat and
Alter an illness or about a week
Judge Jas. Aldrich passed away at
his home in Aiken last week. He
was judge of the second circuit from
1892 to 1908.
Te largest steam plant in the
Southern States is to be erected by
.the Southern1Power Co., at Green
ville. The cost will be not less than
A- tuberculosis conference will be
held in Columbia on February.21
A State-wide campaign for the ed
ucation of the boys of South Caro
lina in the growing of corn and other
. agricultural products has been inau
gurated by O. B. Martin, former
? State superintendent ./of education.
Ira B. Williams, who has charge of I
*: the farm demonstration work.
There is much interest among the
peopl? of Lexington county at pres
ent over a proposed new railway
V 'leading from Columbia by way of j
Lexington and Saluda to Greenwood.
/ It is understood that the com
mittee appointed to select a presi
dent for Clemson college will hot re
port until the regular meeting of
the board of trustees next summer.
Representative Johnson says that
i out of the number of South Carolina
men and women who took the exami
nation, some weks ago fer appoint
ments as clerks in the census bureau
65 passed and their names have been
placed on the "eligible list." Fifty
two is the apportionment.,
A meeting, of the rural letter car
riers cf South Carolina has been call
ed. The meeting is to he held in
Spartanburg on February 22.
A. negro in Lau cast er county was I
arrested for starving his mules..
The directors of the North and
South Carolina Railway have filed
a. petition with the Secretary of
State to increase its capital from
.$150,00 to $1,000,000 and to extend
its line twenty miles.
The forestry report on .the State
survey recommends an enlargement
of the commission ; also a State for-1
Thc Supreme Court decides that a
whiskey drummer is subject to a
fine for soliciting oi ders in this
S. C. FARMERS' UNION.
Deputy Organizer P?rrott Tells
the Good Accomplished.
Sumter, Special.-Deputy Organi
er Parrott, of the Farmers' Unio
says the Union has grown large
during the past year. He has orga
ized the counties of Chest erfiel
Berkley, Dorchester, Horry ai
Hampton, placing lodges in thes
varying in number from ll in Do
chester to 37 in Horry. There a:
750 local lodges in this State, eu
bracing every county except Georg
town. The number of lodges wei
about doubled during 1909. He fhn
that the interest in the work and tl
membership and attendance' is groy
ing, and says that in many plac<
where the local union had died oi
it has been revived and is "flourisl
The unions secured better prices o
fertilizer last year, the rebates varj
ing from $2 to $4 a ton, the rebal
coming from the factories. Th
locals in various places have bough
heavy groceries in quantities s
cheap prices and have divided th
saving among the farmers; bav
bought bagging at a reduction of
cents a yard and ties at a reductio
of from 10 to 25 cents a bundle, an
in some sections where the price hen
tofore had been high, Mr. Parrot
says, a reduction on covering of 5
cents a bale was secured. In on
county the union has contracted fo
1910 at $10 a ton less than the in
divid?als paid for it in 1909.
,' The State Executive Committee o
the Farmers' Union met in Columbi
last week, and adopted resolutions a
Whereas the cotton growers o
South Carolina are suffering from th
effects of gambling methods, prac
tised by the New York cotton ex
change and those who have adoptei
the methods of this exchange an<
Whereas'the South Carolina Stab
Farmers' union believes that th<
hour has come when the cot toi
growers should-no . longer remain in
active and careless of his own wei
Whereas National President Ben
nett is now in Washington with of
ficial representatives of -the varioui
States and leaders of. this organiza
tion determined to seek legal cure
for this wrongs and to inaugur?t*
a vigorous fight in the interests oi
the cotton grower, now, therefore
Resolved that the South Carol int
State Farmers' union put itself pr.
record as offering its earnest aid and
assistance to President Bennett in hu
battle for the common rights of thc
producer and instructs the represen
tative of this State union to hold
his every effort to the vigorous pro
secution of this fight for justice and
Resolved that the executive com
mittee of the South Carolina State
Farmers' union recommended to the
legislative committee that the bill
introduced by Representative Hines
of Lancaster county in reference to
the storing of cotton in cotton mill
warehouses be supported when
amended with proper safe guards
The following resolution was
"We the executive committee of
tb^ South Carolina State Farmers'
imion, respectfully call the attention
of the State legislative committee to
the fact that the last legislature so
amended and emasculated the guano
inspection bill as to render ineffec
tive, so far as the right of reim
bursement to the buyer when the
analysis falls below the guarantee.
Therefore, we would respectfully
suggest to the legislature that they
take immediate steps to have the
bill so amended as to safeguard the
farmers of the State when fertilizers
fall below the guarantee."
"Resolved, That the legislative
committee suggest to each county un
ion the appointment of a legislative
committee, subject to be called to the
capital whenever any legislature vi
tally affecting the agricultural inter
ests is pending and such attendance
is deemed necessary.
"Resolved, That the State legisla
tive committee keep watch upon nat
ional legislation affecting the agri
cultural interests and be prepared to
respond to any call from the national
president to aid in fighting proposed
adverse congressional action, and
that this committee take up this mat
ter with the State unions of sister
"Whereas, it has developed that
South Carolina is the only State on
the Atlantic seaboard, save Delaware,
and one of the four only States this
side of the Mississippi river that has
no effective legal protection by
means of vigorous inspection against
impure commercial feed stuffs, and.
"Whereas, on all sides of this
State legal inspection and protec
tion against inferior illuminating oils
is afforded, leaving this State un
portected territory, and
"Whereas, the State commissioner
of agriculture has called attention
to these vital matters and urged that
speedy measures be taken to afford
"Whereas, such measures are from
their nature revenue measures, call
ing for no direct appropriation,
therefore, be it
"Resolved, That thc State Farm
ers' union hereby indorse the pro
tective and revenue measures intro
duced at the present session of the
general assembly, providing for the
inspection . of commercial feeding
stuffs and of illuminating oils and
urge their speedy, enactment into law
in order to prevent further damage
to the agricultural industry of the
State, and further injury to the
health of man and beast.
"Resolved, That the State Farm
ers' union urge upon the general as
sembly the enactment of a law sim
ilar vt o that of the State of Oklahoma
and Texas, requiring ginners and cot
ton buyers to file reports with the
commissioner of agriculture.
"Resolved, That these resolutions,
be presented, by the legislative and \
to the committees on agriculture of
both houses of the general assem
Below is given a brief summary of
the doings of the law-makers of the
South Carolina General Assembly
day by day:
The . Senate.-Carlisle pushed mat
ters by having the prohibition bill of
last year substituted by the new pro
hibition bill of his own and thereby
the position on the calendar consider
ably advanced. Ever since the 11 com
promise measure'' of last session and
the subsequent elections in the 21
counties of this Statet it has been evi
j dent that if the prohibitionists de
I cided to press their claims further
[ the State senate would be the scene
I of combat. The senate's position on
! the whiskey question has not yet been
I made known. As has been already
stated there is a difference of opin
? ion as to whether the compromise of
j last session should be binding or not
' on some of the members. Although
the members now appear to be prac
t tically evenly divided, either on the
question of prohibition or whether or
not the compromise should be bind
ing on this session, the vote on the
adoption of the bill as passed in the
senate last session would indicate that
30 out of the 39 members present
voted for the measure. Some of the
prohibitionists do not cor sider the
compromise binding, for a State-wide
bill has been introduced in both the
house and the senate. But as pre
dicted the first fight,on the bill will
be in the senate, the measure being
on the calendar as an adjourned de
bate bill for Thursday.
The Senate.-The Otts liquor nuis
ance bill passed third reading and
was ordered sent to the house. This
bili simply declares the "unlawful
sale, barter, storage and keeping in
possession of alcoholic drinks a com
mon nuisance; Griffin's bill "to pre
vent exposure for sale of dressed
meats without production of head
and ears" passed, tho provisions of
the bill being limited to Dorchester.
Colleton and Berkeley counties, and
also the production of the ears is all
that will be necessary, the bill hav
ing been so amended ; the 1909 pro
hibition act was amended so that sec-'
?ion 10 shall provide also that wood
or denatured alcohol may be manu
factured as well as sold. This is to
allow an industry to be started up at
Georgetown, it is understood; Gray
don 's bill providing for adjustment
of insurance losses after a number of
amendments, was ordered printed in
There was a joint session of the
Senate and House to elect several
judges, insurance commissioners,
State librarian and trustees of col
leges, which resulted as follows: Por
assosciate justice, D. E. Hydrick, of
Sparanburg; For judges: First Cir
cuit, C. G. Dantzler of Orangeburg;
second circuit, Robert Aldrich of
Barnwell; third circuit, John S. Wil
son of Manning; fourth circuit, R. C.
Watts of Cheraw; eighth circuit, J.-C.
Klough, of Abbeville; State librarian,
Lavinia H. LaBrode of Columbia;
insurance commissions. F. FL Mc
Mast'er. of Colni&bia"; pe?ut?ntiary di
rectors, J. D. Deas of Kershaw, and
W. H. Glenn of Anderson; Clemson
College trustees. 1. M. Maulclin of
Pickens. W. D. Evans of Cheraw and
B. H. Rawl of Lexington; Winthrop
College trustees, D. W. McLauiin of
Dillon, B. R. Tillman of Trenton;
University of South Carolina trus
tees, R. P. Hamer, Jr., of Marion and
C. E. Spencer of Yorkville ; State
Colored College trustees, J. W. Floyd
of Kershaw, G. B. White of Chester.
The House-By a vote of 66 to 29
Dillon county wa3 placed in the
fourth circuit instead of the twenfth.
Representative McMahan has in
troduced in the house a bill affecting
the advertisement of liquors or alco
holic beverages, the terms of which
will be of considerable interest.
The bill reads:
"It shall be unlawful to print,
publish or present to the public in
any form any advertisement of any
alcoholic liquors or b-erages, which,
if drunk to excess, will produce in
toxication, either in any -newspaper
printed in this State, or on any build
ing, wall, fence, tree or conspicuous
place of any description, either by
means of printing, painting, stamp
ing, stenciling, pictures, illustra
tions or otherwise: Provided, that
nothing contained in this 'act shall.
prohibit the advertisement of de
"That any person convicted of
violating the provisions of this act
shall be punished by fine of not less
than $100, nor more than $1,000; or
for not less than 30 days, nor more
than one year."
There was no session held on Wed
nesday, members of both houses vis
ited Charleston to inspect the Citadel
Academy, and generally to have a
The Senate-The Audubon Society
measure providing, for a license for
hunters, was killed; it was agreed to
take up the bill for State-wide prohi
bition on Tuesday, Feb. 1st, no other
matters of State interest was taken
up. No session Friday, visited Clem
The House.-By a vote of 61 to 25
the house killed Rucker's bill pro
viding for a separation of the school
funds from taxation; by a vote of
49 to 39 Tuesday, Feb. 1st, was nam
ed as the day for considering tho
State-wide prohibition bill; Smith's
banking bill was killed; a number of
unfavorable reports were submitted
and bills killed. .Aruong these was a
bill to exempt Y. M. C. A. property
from taxation and a divided report
was made on the bill to provide for a
board of State auditors. An unfav
orable report was made on the bill
looking to municipal and to libraries.
An unfavorable report was made
on the resolution changing the mode
of selecting the regents of the Hos
pital for the Insane; Hydrick offered
a concurrent resolution fixing Febru
ary ll as the time for adjoining sine
die. He did not press for immediate
consideration; no session of House
Friday, visited Clemson College. ,
Declares Secretary Asked Bim to
Withhold Action After Election.
Washington, Special.-The joint
Senate and House committee met
last Thursday. and began the Bai
linger-Pinchot investigation. L. R.
Glavis, former chief of the field di
vision of the general land office, -was
the first witness. He alleged that
Ballinger overturned Roosevelt's con
servation polieies and favored the
"interests," rather than the public
and had an indirect part- in the
Alaska coal frauds, etc. Pinchot is
charged with running the forest ser
vice to personal ends, yillifying the
Interior Department1, etc. The in
vestigation is expected to be the big
gest overhaulment of the government
since ventilation of the postoffice
scandal seven years ago. The ses
sion will be held on Friday and Sat
The pi-oocdings in tho Ballinger
Pinchot injury took on a livelier as
pect when Louis R. Glavis, continu
ing his testimony against Secretary
Ballinger, told of various in teme ws
he had had with the Secretary of the
Interior at various times while hu
was in and out of the/government ser
Mr. Glavis declared that in one of
these interviews in October, 1908.
Mr. Ballinger told him he was having
a hard time trying to collect cam
paign contributions and that two men
involved in the Cunningham claims,
who had been liberal contributors in
the past had declined to contribute
because they were angry at not be
ing granted patents for the Alaska
Glavis said that Mr. Ballinger ask
ed him to hold up on the Alaska cases
until after election. He agreed to
do this because he had his hands full
with another case.
Ernest F. Cochran Lands the District
Washington, D. C., Special.-Er
nest F. Cochran has been confirmed
by the Senate to be district attorney
for South Carolina.
Postmasters re-appointed for
South Carolina are: Preston
Rion at Winnsboro ; Eliza * Ap
pelt at Manning: Luther MeLaurin
at McColl ; Robinson P. Searson at
Allendale; Thomas E. Husbands at
Dillion; Isham A. Mayfield at Greer.
Other nominations to be Unit
ed States marshals : Clarence G.
Smithers, eastern district, Virginia;
John F. Poor, southern district,
Florida; Asbury B. Patrick, eastern
district, Kentucky; Frederick W.
Collins, southern district, Mississippi.
To be United States attorneys:
Lunsford L. Lewis, eastern district,
Virginia; Ernest F. Cochran, South
Carolina; John M. Cheney, southern
TO RECOVER BODIES.
Congress Appropriates $100,000 For
Widows and Orphans Cherry Mine.
Chicago, Special.-^-Following the
appropriation of $100,000 by the
House for the wi.^ws and, orph-nis
ot- the Cherry-var 'disaster it has
been announced that "the sealed min?
w?uld be opened to recover 210 dead
bodies buried since last fell. It is
not believed that any of the bodies
can be identified.
Next October is the Time.
Washington, Special.--The appeals
of the officials of the American Fed
eration of labor to the supreme court
of the United States growing out of
the suit of the Buck's Stove and
Range company against them in the
District of Columbia, has been or
dered consolidated by the court and
set for hearing on the first Tuesday in
the term beginning next October.
Ten Years For Selling Cocaine.
Jackson, Miss., Special.-If the bill
before the Mississippi legislature
passes the firm selling cocaine will
get ten years in the penitentiary.
Kept His Word: Suicided.
Monroe, La., Special.-Albert Skin
ner, a saloon keeper, took a double
oath on the first day of the present
year. He made a pledge that he
would abstain from drinking, but
promised that if he ever did get
drunk he would blow out his brains.
He broke his pledge when he went
on a spree, but he kept his promise
by committing suicide by shooting
himself in the head with a pistoL
Working For New State.
Medford, Ore., Special.-Agitation
for the creation of a proposed new
state to be called Siskiyuo, out o?
northern California aud northern
Oregon, has reached such a stage thai1,
a convention has been called to
meet at Eureka, Cal., on March 15th.
Employes Will he Held Responsible.
Washington, Special.-The rail
roads of the country have been no
tified by thc Interstate Commerce
Commission that hereafter criminal
prosecution will be taken against all
railroad employes responsible tot
false entries on bills of lading.
Libel Suit Dropped.
New York, Special.-Thc Federal
government's prosecution of the pub
lishers of the New York World -was
stopped by the Federal court, Judge
Hough in the United States Circuit
Court quashing the indictment
against the Press Publishing Com
pany, publishers, of The World, foy
alleged libel in connection with the
publications concerning the Panama
canal purchase. Lack cf jurisdiction
and other reasons are given.
For Church at Jerusalem.
Saratoga, N. Y., Special.-A fund
of $12,000 to found an maintain a
Christian school and place of wor
ship at Jerusalem, in the Holy Land,
is provided for in the will filed here
of Mrs. Angeline E. Newman, widow
of Bishop John P. Newman, of the
Methodist Episcopal church.
Mrs. Newman died last year in
Jerusalem at an advanced agc, while
still engaged in missiodary work.
Relatives divide mo^t of the remain
der of the estate, which is valued at
Agents Arrested in Louisville,
Ky., fer Swindling.
LARGE NUMBER ARE INVOLVED
Physicians Said to Have Filled Ont
Certificates Without Seeing Per
sons Named :n Then..
Louisville, Ky., Special.-John J.
Keane, P. J. Needham and T. T.
O'Lear, agents for a number of in
surance companies in Indiana, Ten
nessee, Kentucky, and other States
have been arrested .on ?warrants
charging them with conspiracy to de
fraud. The warrants were sworn out
by S. C. Renecke. secretary and treas
urer of the Indiana National life
While the amount involved is not
stated, it is said to reach $200,000
in policies alleged to have been writ
ten on the lives of persons virtually
I certain to die within a few months.
The fraud consisted in the imperson
ation of sick and incurable persons
hy healthy ones employed for the
It is said that the affair involves
in one way or another more than 56
persons and relates to fradulently
obtaining life insurance policies to
the value of $100,000.
It is also said that many persons
are involved in the affair. One
physician has, it is said, admitted
that he acted as a participant in a
conspiracy by filling out medical cer
tificates asserting that men and wo
men he had never Seen were in good
health and constituted good insurance
risks. In many cases, however, it is
believed the physicians were impos
The case was taken up upon the
life insurance companies of Indiana
and Tennessee who are said to be
large losers by reason of "grave
yard" swindlers. These companies
which it is alleged have already paid
$10,000 on policy issued in the Rider
case are excluded from business in
this State, yet it is' said, have been
doing business in Indiana. The
scheme is to a certain extent an old
one. Merely choosing a man of
athletic build for examination and
substituting the medical report for
that of a person of short life expec
Rider it is learned, carried policies
of his life aggregating $16,000, bat
none of his relatives is named as
beneficiary. Mrs. Mary Quill, a sister
and Lewis Rider, a brother, made
affidavits several days ago that they
believed their brother came to his
death by poisoning and that he was'
a victim of foui play. The family
communicated with a life insurance
company in Tennessee and the mat
ter was taken up in Louisville, by
a representative of that company and
? three Indiana companies. Upon these
representations Acting Coroner
Dascher ordered the body exhumed.
After discovering the lesion in the
lung, the stomach was removed and
turned over to chemists for analysis.
When Keane, Needham and
O'Leary were arraigned in police
court their bail was reduced to
$5,000 each on motion of their attor
neys. The case was then postponed
until February 3.
Board of Trade Adjourns.
Washington, Special.-The nation
al board of trade has ended its for
tieth annual convention here. Reso
lutions were adopted endorsing radi
cal amendments in the Sherman anti
trust law, opposing Federal inspection
of grain, favoring eliminating the
educational test from the immigration
law and favoring an international
eourt of arbitration.
Alleged Wreckers Held.
Lynchburg, Special.-Robert Mason
and Albert Lindsay, both white, were
an sted here last Wednesday, charg
ed with placing iron rails on the
Southern railway 40 miles below
Lynchburg last Friday, when north
hnun dtrain No. 36 ran into them, the
engine being damaged but not de
railed. Two other white men have
been implicated and are under ar
rest at Reidsville, N. C.
Sailor Heir to Forttine.
Norfolk, Special.-Falling heir to
a fortune left by an uncle in Ger
many, Harry Otto Foster, second
class fireman aboard the United
States cruiser Birmingham which
was at the Norfolk Navy Yard last
week, is thinking of the time he will
be free from his obligations to Uncle
Sam. With a brother and sister
Harry will share the estate of his
uncle, valued at $71,000, each of
them to receive an income of $1,200
for 21 years before the principal is
Working For North C?rolina.
Washington, Special. - Senator
Overman of North Carolina, has in
troduced bills providing $60,00U for
a public building at Oxford, and
$30,000 for improvements at Reids
Black Damp Causes Death.
Chicago. Special.-Black damp
caused two deaths in this city.
Bhode Irland Drops Case.
Providence, R. I., Special.-The
embarassing position of the State of
Rhode Island with regard to the re
pudiated North Carolina bonds ter
minated last week when Gov. Pcthoir
affixed his signature to a legislative
resolution providing that the #500,
000 worth of these bonds, given to
the State for collection, be returned
to the donors. The bonds were sent
to the bondholders' committee of
New York by special messenger.
SHORT ITEMS OF NEWS.
At Italy, Texas, 700 bales of cot
ton-were burned. Loss estimates ?t
Headquarters of the Rockefeller
Hookworm Commission has been
opened in the Union Trust Building,
At Memphis, Tenn., W. J .Hayes,
formerly manager of the Union Sav
ings Bank of California, was arrest
A determined campaign for an
eight-hour-a-day schedule is going to
be made by the Atlanta (Ga.) Feder
ation of Trades. This decision was
reached at a recent meeting of the
eight-hour committee. The move
ment will be launched on Fberuary
9, and the first speech will be made
by ex-Gov. Hoke Smith.
The Chicago packers' distributing
point for Eastern Carolina and Tide
water Virginia. at Norfolk, Va., in
augurate a boycott against high
At Galveston, Texas, Chew Duck
Fun and Stratakos got one }rear each
in the Federal prison at Leavens
worth, Kan., for smuggling of Chi
nese in to United States.
John B. Tatum of Autauga, Ala,
was shot hy an unknown man and
instantly, killed. Tatum was on his.
way home with his son-in-law when
the shot was fired from behind. The
assassination is said to have been the
result of an old feud.
Goshen, a town below Troy on the
Central of Georgia railway, was al
most wiped out by fire. Twelve build
ings were burned. The origin of the
fire is thought to have been incen
diary. The loss will be heavy.
Reports from Port Reposit, Md.,
says the 'flood in the Susquhanna
river is the worst in years. Loss
estimated at $100,0 )0. About 500
persons are affected by damage to
houses and business.
Warner M. Van Norden, the bank
er and president of ihe Van Norden
Trust company, New York, was rob
bed of $28,000 as he was leaving the
The stockholders of the Barre (Pa.)
Savings bank re-electee George How
ard, whb u three months more than
100 years old, to the bank's board of
Kingston and other islands in the
West Indies were shaken by earth
quake, but no damage is reported.
W. H. Mitchell, a prominent citi
zen, who was sentenced to the peni
tentiary for six months for kidnap
ping and assaulting Miss Linton, a
wealthy heiress, has been ordered to
the chain gang to serve the remain
der of his sentence, owing to an-out
break of public indignation at Thom
Frauds connected with the under
valuation of foreign automobiles have
been discovered in the New York
Judgments aggregating $600.00 on
Kieran notes have bren entered
aginst the, Benedictine sisters.
Paulhan, the French aviator, made
what is regarded as the most remark
able cross country flight in history at
Los Angeles, Cal.
Mrs. Keith Donaldson, a. million
dollar bride, obtained a divorce in
Fifteen men were blown to pieces
and five others badly mutilated by a
premature explosion of nitroglycerin
in the tunnel which will be part of
New York's new aqueduct.
A New York Bar Association com
mittee has recommended tentatively
that insanity ploas be excluded in
An Illinois minister took poison
and one in Pittsburg shot himself
dead because of ill health.
A New York woman, crippled by
rheumatism, has spent 21 years in
one room, never going out, and doing
her own work.
A man under arrest in Chicago is
said to have obtained $60,000 by
swindling upward of 100 persons.
Kansas, by a divided Supreme
Court, lost its case over the law fix
ing a school fee on charters of inter
state corporations doing business in
All th*; eastern railroads have rc?
fused the demands of the .trainmen
for an increase.
Eight New York dressmakers were
fined sums aggregating $10,000 in the
sleeper trunk fraud cases.
A boy was carried 18 miles on an
ice floe in Connecticut before he was
swept to death.
The Waverly Hotel in Hot Springs,
Ark., was destroyed by fire and ihi?
Ruests lost all their baggage.
Strikers at Bridgeport, Ohio,
brought $50,000 into court when sur
rendered on charges of disorder.
Mrs. Stetson finally lost her Chris
tian Science church fight iu New
It is becoming. more evident'that!
tho Irish will have the whip hand'
over Premier Asquith in Parliament.
Japan and Rr^sia have rejectedi
Secretary Knox's plan for the neu
tralization of Manchurian railroads.
American shoes are being, rushed,
to Germany to escape the higher du
ties which are to be imposed.
Commissioner Dennett states that
grants have not been issued for the
Alaskan ecol lands iu dispute.
President Taft has reappointed
Mrs. Susie M. Atkinson to be post
master'at Newnan, Ga.
Donvcr, Bel., Special.-A charter
has been issued by the secretary of
State to the Southern Sugar refinery
of Charleston. S. C., with a paid-up
capital of ?3,000,000 preferred stock
and $6,000,000 common stock.
Benjamin Thomas, ex-president ol
the Chicago and Western Indiana
Railroad, was sued for $850,000 made
by alleged conspiracy in real estate
Three more midshipmen have been
dropped from the rolls of the Naval
. William J. Conners' connection
$2,000,000 of independent telephone
stock was referred to the New York
committee investigating public con
Thomas Barnes, Thomas Barnes,
Jr., and Josephine Barnes were
found guilty by an Orangeburg
county jury of murdering Thomas
McDaniels. The verdict carried re
commendation to the mecy of the
court. ._? *
, The Value of Good Roads.
BT GEORGE C. DEIHL.
Vv'ithin the next few years the ques
tion of good roads will he one of, ii
not the leading, commercial issue of
the day, not excepting the tariff. The?
United States is far behind Europe in,
this character of internal improve
ment, although, excelling jin most ot!
ers. The causes may be stated gen
erally as follows: Imperfect State
laws; Inefficient and improper admin
istration and management of roads;'
ignorance on the par' of local road
builders of the principles and meth
ods of road construction; ignorance
of the qualities essential in road
building materials and lack of facili
ties for ascertaining such qualities;'
lack of sufficient research and experi
mental work to devise changes or im
provements in road materials or exist
ing methods of construction sufficient
to meet modern conditions, reduce
cost or increase efficiency.
The farmers and motorists, among
many others, receive direct benefits
from the construction of good roads;
and although everyone practically re
ceives direct or indirect benefits, the
most active agencies to secure good
roads must be .the farmers and motor
ists. It will be but a few years be
fore we will stop using the terms
farmers and motorists, and say,
rather, farmers and tourists; as with
a properly developed system of good
roads the farmer will find lt more
economical to market his produce
with motor vehicles. , .
The Federal good roads department
states that the direct saving to the
farmers of this country from properly
constructed roads would be $250,
000,000 annually; that there would
be a saving of over $10,000,000 to
marketing the wheat crop alone; of
over $12,000,000 in mj rifting the
corn crop; and of $5,000 000 in mar
keting the cotton crop. ? However
great the money value of. good roads
may appear to be, it is not as import
ant as the educational and social ad
vantages to be derived thereform by
the residents of rural communities.
Bad roads restrict educational facill- .
ties, limit the rural free delivery ser- *
rice, and prevent the proper develop
ment of social life in the country.
Good roads permit of grade schools
in the country, extend the rural free
delivery service, and check the exo
dus of young men and women from
the farm to the city. Already in lo
calities where roads have been im- '
proved we see the movement from the
city to the farm.
Motorists end farmers by frequent
good roads conventions, by continuing;
campaijns of education, and by in
dividual and organized activity, can'
bring about sufficient appropriations,
hy towns, counties, States and nation.
lt is a part of their duty,to see that .
these moneys are expended wisely, -
under competent direction, and in ac
cordance with systematic and well
organized plans. The system now in
operation in the State of New York
can be commended highly to many
of her sister States, particularly in
the matter of classification of roads,
outside of cities and villages. These
roads are divided into State, county,
and town roads. The State roads
are the main traffic lines connecting'
the larger centres of population.
They comprise four per . cent, of the
total mileage of the State, and are
to be constructed and maintained di
rectly by the State, and at State ex
pense. The county roads are those
which form within each county a
properly developed system of main
market roads, taking into account
their use for the purposes' of common
traffic and travel. These roads com
prise about six. per cent, of the total
mileage of the State and are con
structed under State supervision and .
at the joint expense of the State,
county and town. The town roads
comprise the rest of the roads of the
State, constituting about ninety per
cent, of the total mileage. They are
built and maintained under, the di
rection of the local authorities, but
with State supervision, the cost being
borne jointly by the State and town,
Baltimore Fire in Europe.
A false report emanating from
Paris, the effect of which was that
one-half of the city of Baltimore?
Md., was in ashes, was printed widely
in Germany. The loss by fire, was es
timated at $60,000,000, and the' re
ported disaster evoked sympathetic
editorials in the newspapers, which
also in . many cases reprinted the
story, of Baltimore's conflagration of
some years ago.
Many Americans, some of them
from Baltimore, made anxious visita
to the American Embassy" and the
newspaper offices in Berlin inquiring
for details. . . \.
There was a fire in Ealtlmore with
a loss of something like a quarter of
a million dollars. No person waa
harmed and the blaze attracted'no
particular attention outside of "that
city on this side of the Atlantic:-^
Kew York Times. ......
The Kind of Critter He Was.
It wa3 at the Cliff Dweliers, Chic
ago's; literary club,; and one of the
members had just made a terrible,
irremediable break about, another
made it in his presence and that of
several other members. .% ...
."What ought I do now?" asked, the.
break-maker,, much embarrassed.
"If I were you," suggested Fred
Richardson, the artist, who had heard
the whole proceeding, "I should go
Dut and wriggle ray ears and .eat an?
other thistle."-Success Magazine.
"And you consider autumn the best.
month for calling in your profes
sion?" Interrogated the housewife, aa
she handed out the pumpkin pie.
"Ah, yes, mum," said Truthful
Tim, as he tipped his hat, "it is den
dat de lawn mower has been laid
away and de snow shovel isn't work
ing yet,"-Chicago News?