Newspaper Page Text
No one bat a won
despair, and tbs des
. daily burden of ill
derangements of th
plctely upset the ne
weakness and disea?
lt allays inflam
It tones and bu
have nothing t
It xe non-secret, non-alcoholic and I
ASK YOUR NEIGHBORS. They probabl
If -you wont a book that tells ail ab
them at home, send 21 one-cent stam;
only, and he will send you a free copy
Common Sense Medical Adviser-revi
In handsome cloth-binding, 31 stamps.
A CERTAIN CURE FOR som
MAKES THE USE OF DRUGS UNKp
If the owrer of every horse and
mule could grow enough oats, and
never have to buy any, what a happy
world for horses and mules, fer then
there would be "plenty, such as it
was, and good enough what there was
But this is a cotton country, and
folks will plant cotton. Most of them
are glad they did so last year and are
fixing, to do so again this year. Mean
tim?, mules must be fed. ' Some folks
have enough corn and fodder, and
some have to buy feed. Oats is
recognized as the finest feed in the
world, but the price is so high. I
'Recognizing this condition, ? The!
Southern Cotton Oil Co., of Charlotte,
N. C., are compounding a feed, called j
?"Scocoats," which might properly
he called "Artificial Oats," because'
they have carefully combined certain
ingredients to produce a feed with
exactly the same chemical analysis
and feeding value as natural oats.
There is no way to improve' on this
as long as it is sold ?.t $35.00 per
ton, which is about $5.00 per ton
cheaper than natural oats.
This feed contains ground corn,
rice bran, and cotton seed; meal in
just, the right proportions to make a
highly digestible balanced ration for
horses and mules.
For a desperate disease a desper
Piles Cored in 6 to 14 Days.
Pazo Ointment is guaranteed to cure any
P?ea in 6 to 14 days or money refunded. 50c
Who breaks his faith, no faith is
held with him.-Du Bartas.
MOW BEADY-JUST FROTH PRESS
The North Carolina Year Book and
Bu ul dea? Directory Published by
The Newa and Observer. -
Containing: classified information arranged
by Counties and Towns the names and ad
dresses of every man in practically e very bus
iness and every profession in every Town and
In every County In North Carolina.
The most valuable publication, about North
Carolina ever Issued.
Information corrected up to 19(0,
Sent to any address, chorees prebMd. neon
receipt of price $2. Place your orders with
your bookstore or direct with tue News and
ObserverJflalebrh, N. C.
Like our" shadows, our wishes
lengthen as our sun declines.-Young.
is ute ghost that haasts ereiy hoar of a
Child's life, GOWANS PREPARATION
tire ? instant relief aad comfort.. Jast rab
lt on-don't weaken the stunactt with
drats. Keep lt la the banu. $1.00, 50c
25c . Alldraubts.
ALARGS SPECIALTY MANUFACTURER wast*
rca po rmi bk) local manager: easy. p.-on table line;
aplaudid opportunity; exoluarreterrHo-y elven good
3ATONOL, 106 Betda Street, Ne v York.
i LATH AND SHINGLE MACHINES,
'SAWS AND SUPPLIES, STEAM ANO
Try LOMBARD, AVll^
To Richmond, Virginia.
Pays Market Prices and Deals Fair
Mink fe".60 each. Grey Fox $1.25 each
Raccoon 1.65 " Opossum .00 "
Skunk 3?5 " . Muskrat, .55 *
Rabbits Mc pound.
We stand express chartres on all shipments
?? of Fur whose value exceeds $10.00.
Bus: to kiss. Re-bus: to kiss again.
Omnibus: to kiss.all the girls in the
room. E pluribus unum: 1000 kisses
in a line.-February Lippincott 's.
XS CONSTANT TORTURE.
How a Severe Case of Kidney Disease
Mrsl 'Sherman Youngs, Schoharie,
N. Yv says; "Doan's Kidney pms
saved ray lite after years of suffering
th at ' ran me down to such a degree
of weakness that I
could 'do no work,
and the pains I suf
fered would throw
me into , spasms. I
was dizzy, worn and
sleepless, my back
ached .terribly,, T had
rheumatism and ' was
nervous and all unstrung. I thought
I tried every known medicine, but it
was not until I began using Doan's
Kidney Pills that I began to get help.
The pains slowly disappeared, the
kidney secretions cleared up and in a
few weeks my strength returned so
that I could wovk about the house
again. It ls three, years since then
?nd Doan's Kidney Pills have, kept
Remember the name-Doan's. Sold
3>y all dealers. SO cents a box. Fos
ter-Milbnrn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
ios can tell thc story of thc suffering, the
ipondcncy endured by women who carry
?health and pain .because of disorders and
e delicate and important organs that aro
The tortures so bravely endured com?
rv cs if long continued.
?te Prescription is a positive cure for
>e of thc feminine organism.
?3 WEAK V/OHEN STRONG.
CK WOMEN AV ELL.
nation, heals ulceration and soothes pain,
lilds up the nerves. It fits for wifehood
d. Honest medicine dealers sell it, and
o urge npoa you as ''just as good."
las a record of forty years of cures,
y know of some of ils many cures,
out woman's diseases, and how to cure
ps to Dr. Pierce to pay cost of mailing
' of his great thousand-page illustrated
sed, up-to date edition, in paper covers.
Address Dr. R.V. Pierce, Buffalo, N.Y.
Nothing New or
For many generations Goose G reu?.? bu bora
recognize*! as a wonderful remedial medium
In treating and curtnx Pneumonia. Grippe,
Rheumatism ana Neuralgia. RICK'S GOOSE
GREASE LINIMKN r 1? made from pure goose
grease, With other valuable curative Ingre
dients added. Try lt. '
35c-At all Vrugrlete Mad l ?raier? - 2fic
BOOSE GREASE C0MPANy,GRS1?,!T
"SSJSSi PALATAL $g?g?
CH' I ORRS LICK THE SPOON. Xsll.vt. rl.ml.nej. Corr.cu
Ortpln?,J.liUDlfMUoa. 2SO. xll DiiUaoisTa.
ThompsonTs Eye Water
Descendants of Signers Bill Held Up.
Washington. Special.-That there
is objection to the creation by Con
gress of hereditary orders develop
ed in the Senate, when Mr. Bulkeley!
attempted to have passed a bill in
corporating the "descendants of
signers," to which descendants of
signers of the Declaration of the in
dependence would be eligible. Mr.
Lodge said undoubtedly the raising!
of the hereditary principle would
lead to debate and therefore it could
not be taken up under the unanimous
A Rar? Product,
"Do yon believe in the super
I asked of the genius who
Direct and shapes the play and tells
The actors what to do.
And he answered;: "Though I've
spent my life
In . the theatre, I regret
To say I have never, never seen
'super' natural yet."
I TRIADS of the NEEDEMS]
i Manyon'. Fnw Paw fill.'coax the llT?r Into
activity by gentle method*. 1 hey do not scout, gr I pa
or weaken. They are a tunic to Hie stomach, lire?
ana nerves; Invigorate instead of weaken. Tiler en
rich too blood and enable the itomach to get all mo i
nourishment : nm food that ls put Into lt. These
ptlU contain no calomel; they ore tootnlng, healing
and KUuulsUng. i For ?ale by all dninrUu in lue and
lie sizes, if you need medical advice, write Mun
yon'? Doctors. They will nd vue to th? be?t of their
ability absolutely free of Charge. ?HUN YO.Vt*
43d aud delleruon Ht?., fbliadelphlu. i'u.
Munyon's Cold Kerned j euron a cold In one day.
Price zac. iluu/ou's Khouniatnuu Kemedy rellores
m a lew nour* and cure? m a few days. .Trice ac.
What cannot be cured must be en
dured.---Rabelais. . So. 5-'10.
. For COLD s a nd G BIP.
Hick's . CAP?DIK? ls th? best reined;-re
lieves the ach?n* and feverishness-cures the
Cold and regimes normal conditions. It's
liquid-effects Immediately. 10c., 25c and 50?.
at drug stores. _?, ..
The average man never admits it.
Davis' Painkillbr shonld be taken with
out dolay when sore ? host J nd tickling
throat warn you bf an approaching cold.
Whose carriage is greediness his
companion is beggary.-Oriental.
We are not to blame because you suffer
?rom Rheumatism or Neuralgia, .but you
are if you do not try .Hamlin? Wizard Oil.
It quickly soothes :.nd alic vs all pain, sore
ness and inflammation'.
It is only idle people that can find
time for everything.--Prior.
Rheumatism Cured In a Day,
Dr. Detchons Relief.for Rheumatism and
Neuralgia radically cures in 1 to 3 duya. Its
action ia remarkable.'Removes the caus?
and disease quickly disuppcurs. First dowe
greatly benefits:; 75c. ana $1. AU druggists.
Goodness does not consist in great
ness, but greatness in goodness.
. Tpu Can't Rub It Out.
If yorr have rheumatism you should take
an internal remedy. Oils and liniments af
ford only temporary relief, and de' .y the
proper treatment. Rheumacide is an inter
nal remedy, and removes the cause of the
disease. It stops thc pain quickly, nnd.
cures to stay cured. Sold in liquid form,
also tablets. 25c and 50c bottles at drug
gists. Tablets by mail 25c. Bobbitt Chem
ical Co., Baltimore, Md.
With the help of an "If " you
might put Paris in a bottle.-French.
Deeu-seated cold* and coughs am cured
by Alices Lung Balta nv, when all other
remedies fail, sold for over 40 yean.
Tommy Points a Moral.
Tommy: "Papa, will you please
mend' my hobby-horse?" Papa:
"Yes, Totnmy, when I get time. And
I'll mend the dining-room sofa, and
the armchair, and the clothes-screeu,
and--" Tommy: "Gee! Won't you
be busy, pap, when you get time?"
We Sent a Check Instead.
Why do"I send this "opme" to you?
Pray do not think me sassy,
But I'm collecting printed slips,
And I've heard that yours aro
Buying a Horse.
"You say he's a 3'oung horse.
Then why do his knees bend so?"
"To tell you thc truth sir, the poor
animal's been living in a stable too
low for him, and he had to stoop!"
The man who quickly finds his
limitations is the man who doesn't
hunt for them.
USE l? ?N
lena Schmidt, of Dudley, Tex.,
Writes a latter About Cardui
Having Helped Her.
Dudley, Tex.-"You may use this
letter in your advertising, if you like."
writes Mrs. Lena Schmidt of this
"A few years ago, I suffered every
month, but after taking one bottle of
Cardui, I was relieved right away.
"Cardui has surely done me a sight
of good. It brought me back my
health. I am now strong and well,
and feel better than in years, and am
doing ?''. my housework."
Every woman needs a tonic, to take
when she feels blue, miserable, sick,
weak, under the weather.
Thc tonic to take at such a time is
Cardui, the woman's tonic.
Cardui is also a .medicine. .
For pain and discomfort, due to fe
male ailments, no medicine is so good
The main ingredients of Cardui arc
imported direct from Europe, espe
cially for this one woman's medicine
and tonic, and are not for sale at or
dinary drug stores.
Cardui acts specifically on the wo
manly organs, preventing unnecessary
pain and building up womanly
Try it for your troubles.
It will certainly help you.
MULTIPLICATION MADE EASY.
Useless Parts of Table to be Elim!?
nated In Schools.
Simplification of the multiplication
table by an elimination of parts
which are now deemed useless will
be undertaken by a committee of
teachers of the public schools under
Superintendent Brumbaugh, and' the
simplified form will bs introduced
into the curriculum. Many com
plaints by teachers of the unneces
sary portion of the table which the
children are compelled to memorize
moved the committee to action and
to make a thorough investigation of
"The multiplication table, to 12
times 12, as lt stands now in the
curriculum of the elementary schools,
is too long and contains too many
useless parts to memorize," said Su
perintendent Brumbaugh. "When
we get beyond 9 timos 9 the time
spent is useless. The tens and the
elevens work themselves out, while
the twelves are a repetition of to?
sixes for the first half. After that
there are only three places whero
the children have any difficulty, 7,
8 and 9 times 12. On these especial
numbers we can place emphasis and
not ask the children to memorize the
other useless .parts. Such a system
vrill be inaugurated in a short time-"
HAR? TO DROP
Bot Mnoy Drop lt.
A young Calif, wife talks about cof
"It was hard to drop Mocha and
.lava and gi^ ?ostum a trial, but roy,
nerves ' shattered that I was a
nervout. e< . and of course thai
mean? all Kinds of alls.
"At first I thought bicycle riding
caused it and I gave it up. but my
condition remained unchanged. I did
not want to acknowledgecoffee caused
the trouble, for I was very fond of it.
At that time a friend came to Uv*
with us, and I noticed that after he
had been with us a week he would nor
drink his coffee any more. 1 ask?*d
him the reason. He replied, M hav*
not had a headache since I left oil
drinking.coffee, ?orn? month's ago. till
last week.-when-I began again, here
at your table. 1'don't see how any
one can like coffee, anyway, after
"I.said nothing, but at once or:
dered 'Va? package of Postum. That
was rive \months ago; and we have,
drank-no coffee since, except on two
occasions when we had company, and
the result each time was that my hus
band could not sleep, but lay awake
and tossed and talked half the hight
We were convinced that coffpe caused
his suffering, so he returned to- P?s
tum, convinced that coffee wa? an
enemy, instead of a friend, and he ls
troubled no more by insomnia.
.M, myself, have gained 8 pounds
Cn weight, and my nerves have ceased
to quiver. It seems so easy nr.w io
quit coffee that caused our aches and
ails and take np Postum."
Read the little book. "The Road to
Wellvllle," In pkgs. "There's a Rea
Kver read the above letter? A new
one appears from time to time. They;
jn> genuine, true, and full of human
D?BPT SHOOT! I
-Cartoon by Rel
MEAT YEARS OL
New York City.-On condition that
the name of the guido be withheld,
entrance was gained by a World re
porter to one oJ th? largest cold stor
age plants In New York City, and
methods employed to make the public
pay fictitious prices for food were
seen at first hand.
All that was revealed by the inves
tigation holds true, an experienced
employe said, in many cold storage
plants in the greater city. Records
sedulously guarded by the plants
would disclose, it was said, staple
foodstuffs in sufficient quantities to
knock the bottom out of high prices
in New York immediately, but which
are kept out of the market in order
to force the public to pay exorbitant
The3e supplies aro "canned in the
cold" for from six months to three
years or more and then released grad
ually during high-priced seasons,
when they are sold as fresh products
at gilt-..dge figures.
Some of the articles viewed by the
50,000 pounds of halibut placed in
the plant three years ago.
Barrels of turkey and geese (num
ber not given), two years old or more.
. 300 cases of eggs, the remainder of
CO00 cases placed in storage begin
ning last April? purchased at about
eighteen cesfc^?r dozen, and~relea*sed~
during the past. two months to be
sold at from forty-eight to fifty-two1
cents per dozen as "strictly fresh
10,000 cases of fish (of different
varieties), from one year to three
5000 barrels of apples.
200,000 pounds of meat held in
storage for seven months.
"There.has been a big call for eggs
recently," the employe said, surveying
the spacious room, which is kept at a
temperature of thirty-one degrees
throughout the year, "The cases in
here reached to the ceiling until a
short time ago. Most of the eggs
came from the West last April and
May and cost the buyer about eigh
teen cents a dozen. He's selling 'em
now for fifty-two cents. You can't
lose on ej,-gs. If th3V get too old they
are broken up and sold to the bakers.
Come along and I'll show you hov/
they do it."
He led the way to another room
filled with four-gall'n and two-gallon
cans, and in which the temperaturt
was only a few degrees above zero.
The larger cans were filled with the
egg yolks and the smaller with the
"whites." He said that egg3 in some
of the cans were five years old and the
contents came from China.
A man who participated In the
tour of inspection and who formerly
worked in a cold storage plant told o?
the top of one of these cans being
knocked off in handling. The stench,
he said, was so overpowering that
.-orkmen refused to handle the can.
JSggs in this form are known to the
trade as "eggoline," and are used ex
tensively In the making of pound cake
and other pastries.
Two huge storerooms filled with
meaf which hung in a temperature of
six degrees above zero were next vis
ited. Beef, veal, mutton, lamb and
other meats of a total weight of 200,
000 pounds had been in storage for
seven months. It costs a quarter of a
cent a month for storage charges on
this meat, which is purchased during
the spring and summer at the lowest
wholesale prices and distributed when
the public is compelled to buy at
The Meat Packers* Side Discussed
by J. Ogden Armour.
Chicago.-"Eeef is only about half
a cent higher tha . it wa* a year ago,"
said J. Ogden Armour. "Like many
other things, it has risen during the
last few years, but this is because its
production has not kept pace with the
"More people are buying meat and
are buying more meat than ever be
fore, while stock raising has shown
little if any change. Consequently
higher meat prevails. The packers do
not dictate the prices."
Tho Field of Labor.
Boston Carpenters' Union, No. CC, J
?as a wives' funeral benefit system.
The Coopers' International is vot
ing on. the question of establishing a
The Musicians' International has a
membership of 06,000. Twelve years
ago it was G00O.
Twenty-two edi lore, owners anil
representatives of different labor pub
lications were present at the Toronto
convention of the A. F. of L., and
twenty of these signed a call for a
meeting and agreed to join aa organ
LL COME DOWN!
?ort Garter, in the Now York American.
D FOUND :
"Fishermen, farmers, cattle-raisers,
egg growers and truck gardeners
don't get living prices, hardly. They
are up against it, just the same as the
public. We have on storage here
5000 barrels of apples. The owner
told me to-day he was going to pay
the daily wages of oh? of his men for
every barrel of apples sold. He
bought the apples for about S3 a bar
rel and will sell them for about S 6.
Storage charges are fifty cents a bar
rel, so his profit is $2.50. It's the
same way with those beets, turnips
and other vegetables there. "
In one of the coldest of the storage
rooms, attention was called to barrels
filled with turkeys.
"They're two years old," the guide
-Will they be sold?"
"Sure; good as the day they came
In another roora the reporter saw
a barrel packed with geese. While
testing the firmness with which the
flesh wa3 frozen the neck of a goose
was snapped off as if it were a pipe
"Those geosc have seen their sec
ond birthday here," the employe re
marked, meaning they had been in
storage for at least two years.
One of the party asked if tainted
meat were ever received for_storage,
-The~reply was t?at"'?uTnr*Tne?t was
received and frozen, the .process con
cealing the taint and making it possi
ble for the owner to dispose of tha
meat as a staple grade.
While housewives are being driven
by the high prices to boycott meat
here is what the Ice and refrigeration
Blue Book says is being held in cold
25,000,000 sheep and lambs, 30,*
According to these figures from the
official guide book circulated only
among cold storage men, there is in
storage one entire animal for each
adult in the United States, with
enough whole animals left over to
give two to each family.
This meat is being held in 558 cold
storage plants. In addition it may in
terest the worried housekeeper to
know that in seventy-eight fish freez
ing plants in the country there are
fish waiting to be doled out that are
1 . ned at $25,000,000.
_u other cold storage plants during
any year nov.-, according to the stor
age men's own statistics, the strug
gling wage earner will find
130,000,000 pounds of poultry.
Fruits valued at 850,000,000.
Then, besides, there are millions ot
pounds of potatoes, onions, thousands
of turtles, eels, cases of canned goods
and milk, butter and cheese valued
at $100,000,000. .
The total value bi meat and food
stuffs placed in cold storage during a
year at present is, according to the
figures of the storage concerns, doss
These cold storage figures do not
include the tremendous value of
liquors in storage at breweries, dis
tilleries and private places, the value
of furs in storage, nor the value of
food supplies in cold storage at pri
All these food stuffs are hustled
into cold storage at the time when,
owing to the laws of nature, .the food
would ordinarily be cheap to the con
sumer. They are held to any length
of time the food kings think necessary
to mait?tain high prices.
Cattle Production Does Not Keep
Pace With Population, Says Expert.
New York City.-Nothing alarming
to the consumer is seen in the high
price of meat by the American Agri
culturist. In its annual review of ?ive
stock on the farms it says that the in
crease in value in the last twelve
months, in spite of a decrease in the
number of hogs and cattle other than
milch cows amounts to $560,000,000,
or the largest annual Increment ever
recorded. The upward movement of
values the last year is simply a part
cf the upward trend.
Abont Noted People.
Governor Hughes urged direct pri
maries in his annual message.
The Duke of Connaught is going to
Africa to secure a complete rest.
The Duke of the Abruzzi was
greeted by a large crowd upon his ar
rival at Marseilles.
Mayor Gaynor was little the worse
for bis thrilling fight for life !n the
storm on Long Island.
Tho mention of Gifford Pinchol's
name was greeted with much ap
plause at the Republican Club In New
Modern Method* T
Farmer, Fruit Groi
The successful culture of winter
cereals means more to the Southern
farmer than he probably now recog
First-It should insure a rapid in
crease in the number of live stock
now held on the farm, also.
Second-The profitable winter
feeding of beef cattle.
Third-The ability to successfully
cope in this matter with the Western
Fourth-The promotion of some
ready money crops other than cotton,
if it is advisable to use them in that
Fifth-A large supply of manure
to distribute over the farm every year
and save a large portion of the im
mense amount of money now ex
pended for commercial'fertilizers.
The production of winter cereals
means the institution of economic crop
rotations on the farm, and the suc
cessful culture of two crops a year on
land that is properly treated, which
should double the earnings of the
farm for all practical purposes. Sure
ly these matters are of more than
passing importance to the farmer. It
is not only possible for the Southern
farmer to grow cereals in winter, but
legumes as well, which he can fre
quently . combine to the best advan
tage and thus obtain an abundance of
excellent pastures or the finest quali
ty of hay for feeding through the
winter months. These winter grow
ing crops can be removed from the
soil and followed by sorghum or nine
ty day corn for ensilage, or powpeas
to be cut off for hay, plowed down
for green manure, grazed on the land
or used in such other ways as may be
deemed most advisable and profit
For the Earn Floor.
I am sending a plan for a barn im
plement that will help a farmer. It
is a stable or barn scraper that can
be used on dirt or board floor.
An old handle from a shovel, fork
or rake will do; ours is four feet six
inches long. For the blade an old
gopher blade, eighteen inches -long
on the sharp edge, then two braces
twelve inches long with inch and a
half or two inches bent down slant
Put a small piece on to bolt the
handle to and it is complete.-Mrs.
W. G. Louks, Fowler, Ind., in Epito
Growing Winier Cereals in the South.
For more than a century the prin
cipal crops of the Southern farmer
have corn and cotton, the corn being
utilized as food for man and beast,
and the cotton sold as a ready money
crop. At an earlier date when the
soil still contained much of its virgin
fertility and when market prices for
cotton were better, this system of cul
ture served the present needs of the
population. The continual practice
of clean culture which it necessitated
has proven disastrous to succeeding
generations because of the rapid de
struction of soil fertility which it pro
moted, and now that cotton has be
come in some sections no longer a
highly remunerative money crop, it
is imperative that the Southern farm
er give greater attention to diversi
fied forms of agriculture in which
grain growing should occupy a prom
inent place. The evolution cf eco
nomic conditions makes these changes
essential, because of
First-The impoverished condition
of much of the farming lands.
Second-The necessity of maintain
ing winter crops as a protection
against soil erosion.
Third-The reclamation o' "worn
cut" lands can best ba promoted by
Fourth-All cf the valuable winter
cereals ?nd several of the most valu
able winter legumes can be grown
Fifth-The importance of a liberal
grain supply for the winter feeding
cattle, sheep and swine.
Sixth-The expediency of employ
ing farmyard manure to replace a
large part of the commercial fertilizer
now used. The necessity for the
farmer to make these changes has
been more apparent the last few yeara
than ever before in the history of the
South, and conditions were never
It was at a summer hotel, and the
babv, being warm and fretful, cried.
"Tut! Tut! "We man't distrub our
neighbors this way," the fond fath
er said, taking the child in his arms.
"Let me sing to him, if he won't go
to sleep." He sang, and straight
way came a knock at the door and
these wards: "There's a sick lady
next door, and, if it's all the same to
you, would you mind letting the
baby cry instead of singing to it?"
BIG IRRIGATION PROJECT.
John Hays Hammond has just or
ganized $15.000,000 to install an im
mense irrigation project in the Yaqui
valley of Sonors, Mexico, which is
now covered with cactus and mes
quite and lias long been considered
habitable only by the warring Yapui
Indians. Besides Mr. Hammond, oth
er capitalists who are interested in
the proposition are Harry Payne
"Whitney, Leigh Hunt, who has been
interested in some bi?; Chinese and
Egyptian propositions; Courtland F;.
Palmer, L. G. Shinnard.
'hat .rire Helpful to
wer and Stockman.
j more favorable for the development
of a rational system of culture in
which, stock husbandry should occc.?
py a prominent part.
Improved SofI C'nlturePEssentinl. ;
After several years of observation
and study, it seems certain that the
first essential necessary to the suc
cessful culture of winter cereals and
legumes is a better understanding ot
the soil and its culture. There are
many.principles which may be terme?!:
scientific which govern the cultivation t
of the soil that are not generally ap
preciated, or if they are they are not
put into practice. There are three
principal soil types met with in the
1. The sandy or the leachy typo'
characteristic of the * Cumberland
2. The upland red clay soils which
prevail over a laige portion of the
Appalachian region ; and
3. The alluvial or river bottom
The alluvial or river bottom soils
are generally subject to overflow and
constant enrichment. They are also,
deep and will yield fair crops even
with indifferent management.
The sandy types of soil are gener
ally leacby. They also frequently suf
fer from drought. These difficu?t?es
can be overcome economically by
plowing under green crops, by using
some five to nineteen tons of barn-',
yard manure, and applying tweaty
flve to fifty bushels of lime per acre
every second or third year.
The heavy red clay type of soil
must be treated in the same manner.
1. For the purpose of rendering it
2. To flocculate the clay by means
of the lime, making it more porous
and enlarging its water-holding ca
After this treatment they will all
be benefited and greatly improved by
the method of cultivation now to b? .
A North Carolina correspondent
asks if cheat is poison to feed to
stock. He says that he means the
kind that has a nodding open haad
like oats. His oats are about one
half cheat, and he fears to feed it.
as some say that cheat is poison.
"You know," he says, "that fall sown
oats often turn to cheat."
No, I know nothing of the sort, but
I do know'that they never did and
never will turn to cheat. The cheat
you refer to ls Bromus secalinus, an
entirely diff?rent .grass from oats, and
you can as easily grow a pine, tree
from an acorn as cheat from clean,
oats. The difflculty is that the seed
of cheat is very like a small oat grain.
Cheat is a very hardy .graais. and
sometimes, when a man haa^'sown,
foul seed, the. oats get killed Ja'.win
ter and the cheat thrives, a?d the
farmer not having studisciJ?tents.
sees something green and flMKines
that it is oats until it heads o'and
then he jumps to'TWfcbniniSion that .
his oats'turned to cheat, when it was
cheat all the time from the time the
seed sprouted. The cheat you men
tion is not poison, but makes fairly
good hay when cut young. There is
a poisonous plant that in some sec
tions is called cheat, and Maryland
farmers often imagine that their
wheat has turned to this. This plant
is Lolium temulentum. or poison rye
grass, or darnel, as some call it. It
has a stiff head and a prickly one, and
is certainly harmful to animals eat
ing the wheat straw where it has
grown. But you may be sure that
whatever a man sows that also shall
he reap. If you have no cheat seed
in your land, and sow none with
_your oats, you will never have a cheat
plant in the field, for cheat must have
a cheat seed to grow up from.-W.
F. Massey, in Southern Agriculturist
Frost Proof Bits.
For material take any piece of
leather as long as the bit and wide
enough to reach around it, then sew
it round the bit. Now cut out two
circular pieces of leather three inches
in diameter like the illustration. Cut
them half way across and make a
round hole in the centre. Slip these
around the ends of the bit and sew
up the cut. Now you have as good a
bit as you could buy.-Everett E.
Tinker, Ellsworth, Me.
A MODEST DOCTOR.
While on his vacation, a city doc
tor attended the Sunday morning
sen-ice at a little country church.
When the congregation was dismiss
ed several of the members shook
hands with him, and one, wishing to
learn if he were a Methodist, inquir
ed, "Are you a professor, brother!"
"Ob, no, indeed," answered the
physician modestly; "just an ordi
nary doctor."-January Lippincott's
GOOD YIELD OF POTATOES.
A Maine potato grower reports a
profit of $775 from seven acres of
potatoes harvested last year. The
crop was sold at harvest time at 55
cents a bushel and the yield was 2,
500 bushels from the seven acres. He
figures expenses at close to $600 in
cluding $83 for plowing, han-owing,
etc., $262 for fertilizer, using one ton
of high grade potato fertilizer to the
acre. Cultivating and hoeing cost
$40, spraying about $35, haiveating
$75 and marketing $30. One meas
ured acre yielding 432 bushels.