Newspaper Page Text
Many Letters Received Urging
Passage of Bi!3.
South Carolinian Declares That They
Are Not of Advantage Either to
Consumer or Producer.
Washington, D. C., Special.-'This
question involves hundreds of mil
lions of dollars and the welfare of
millions of people," declared T. J.
Brooks, of. Atwood, Tenn., president
of the Farmers' National Union, in
opening the hearing on the anti
option bills before the Bouse com
mittee on agriculture las'. Wednes
day. The proposed legislation is
designed to prohibit dealings in fu
tures on. boards of trade and ex
changes. The committee room was
crowded with Congressmen from the
States interested. .
Mr. Brooks declared that dealings
in futures of cotton were no more
.necessary than in wheat and wool and
farm implements. Hedging opera
tions ''on change" he characterized
as no different from gambling on
the rice and fall of prices.
"On what moral principles,'1 he
asked, "is one class of citizens oblig
ed to make up for the losses of an
other class, for where one gains an
other must lose? The original inten
tion of the cotton exchange to bring
the buyer and seller together has
been eliminated in the development
of present exchange practices.
''We are willing to abide by the
results of abolishing futures," he
said, depicting the temptations held
out to the prospective victims who
later "come into the game" and get
- Under the shadow of the ex
changes, competition among local
buyers had been eliminated in the
South, he said, and he charged the
existence of a tacit understanding in
the cotton and tobacco belts for di
vision of territory. The farmers'
union which Mr. Broods represents
has a membership extending over 29
Characterized by Mr. Lever of
Sotjjth Carolina as the largest con
sumer of cotton in the South, Lewis
W. Parker, a Glenville, S. C., man
ufacturer, contended that abnormal
conditions ought to be represented
at the same. time. He said that as a
rule futures control spot cotton. He
declared that the exchanges are not of
advantage, either to the consumer or
the/producer and that it seemed .im
possible to make the exchanges real
ize the fairness of the complaints
against them. He said th? fight of
his interests is to have the farmers
properly warehouse their cotton and
to market it gradually during the sea
^George W. Neville, an important
factor in the New York, cotton ex
change, arraigned the report or? Com- ?
missioner of Corporations Herbert
Knox Smith as a "masterpiece of
theory," but lacking in practicability
in the workinsr out of his theories.
Charles S. Webb, a broker, contend
ed for the necessity of "he?ging"
against future deliveries and pre
dicted that abolishment of the cotton
exchanges would put the price of
cotton, in the hands of the spinners.
Cotton Exchange Side of the Case. !
The cotton exchange interests pre
sented their side of the case at
Thursday's session of the hearing by
the House committee on agriculture
on the proposed legislation tc pro
hibit the dealings in futures. Pres
ident S. T. Hubbard, of the New
York cotton exchange; George W.
Neville, one of the leading membere
All Kinds of Weather.
Louisville, Ky., Special.-Last Fri
day the South experienced all kinds
of weather. At Tampa; Fla., it was
warm; rain at Mobile, Ala.; freez
ing at Atknta. Ga., high winds at
Galveston, Texas. In fact the South
from Ohio to the Gulf and from
Texas to the Atlantic, had a variety
of weather, real old time wimer.
Poor Man's Bill Passes.
Washington, Special. - Senator
Overman's bill allowing a poor man
to prosecute writs of error and ap
peals from the circuit and district
courts of the United States to the
court of appeals without giving bond
and being required to advance fees
or pay cost passed the Senate Fri
High Honor for Peary.
Washington, D. C., Special.-Com
mander Robt. E. Peary has been made
a rear-admiral for his achievement
in discovering the North Pole by
Big Sum to Plant Cotton.
Los Angeles, Cal., Special.-Ar
rangements have been made with
London and San Francisco banks to
advance $500,000 ?to finance the
planting, cultivating and harvesting!
of this year's cotton crop in the
Gas explosion in a coal mine, j at
Sterns, Ky., Thursday, caused the
death of six miners.
Would Tax Cats.
Louisville, Ky., Special.-Alderman
Coder has a scheme for increasing
the general revenues of of the city j
by imposing a tax of $2 upon every |
Cat. and kitten maintained within
the corporate limits of Louisville, j
A Liquor Monopoly.
Stockholm, By Cable.-A liqior
monomoply for the exclusive manu
facture of spirits in Sweden has buen
orgL aized with a capital approximat
* Taft Approves Suggestion. *
* Plans for ? the reclassification *
* of public lands, suggested by *
* Gifford Pinchot, have been ap- *
* proved by President Taft. The *
* action, made available for home- *
* stead settlement more than *
* 4,000;000 acres of land included *
* m the forest ' domain.
pf that forum, and others identified
with cotton speculation in the me
tropolis, were present to voice their
opposition to the inhibitory bills.
The committee has been receiving
a heavy mail from- people through
out the country interested %n- the
measures and Chairman Scott says
he has received several hundred* let
ters from men claiming to be cotton
producers urging the proposed legis
The opponents of the bills toot the
stand Thursday afternoon. Their
spokesmen included President Hub
bard, of the New York Cotton Ex
change; Geo. W. Neville, and other ,
members of that body, and Mr. Sol '
Cone, of Greensboro, N. C., a spot
D. J. Neill, rpresenting the Farm
ers' Union, of Texas, testified that
the Texas legislature blotted out
bucketshops three years ago and the
only brokers in Texas that suffered
calamity thereby were two men who
left the state for New York and
break lambs in the hands of the ex
change. He asserted that the farm
ers of the country had been "pros
trated b the exchanges.''
Last Friday A. R. Marsh of the
N. Y. Cotton Exchanse and J. E. La
tham of Grensboro, N. C., before the
house committee on gambling in fu
tures in cotton, -upheld the exchanges.
Senator- Smith of South Carolina,
sought to show that the violent fluc
tations in cotton were due to manip
ulation, that the. men on 'change
got together and compared sheets,
arbitrarily meed prices and effected
a clean up.
MANY LOST AT SEA.
Only One Surviver Out of 157
Palma, Island of Majorca, By Cable.
-Driven helplessly from her course,
in one of the wildest storms that
has swept the Mediterranean sea in
forty years, the French Trans-Atlan
tic Steamship Company's steamer
General Chanzy crashed at full speed,
in the dead of night, on the treach
erous reefs near the island of Minor
ca and all but one of the 157 souls ou
board perished last Friday. Only
one aboard survived. No Americans
The passengers of th# Chanzy were
mostly Freeh officers and officials
returning to their post in Algeria,
accompanied by their wives and chil
dren', a few soldiers, some Italians
and Turks, and one priest. The only
Anglo-Saxon names on the passenger
list, were Green and Stakely. There
were members of an opera trope of
eleven which had been engaged to
sing at the Casino in Algiers. The
General Chanzy sailed from Marseil
les Wednesday-"'at noon and was due
to arive at Algiers Thursday after
noon. The Chanzy is a total wreck.
Night-Eiders in Rockingham?
Reidsville, N. C., Special.-Several
farmers throughout this section have
received . circulars and post-cards
threatening deeds of violen ce similar
to the outrage of the night-riders in
Kentucky unless they pool their to
bacco in the dry prizeries and stop
the practice of disposing of the pro
duct on the warehouse floors.
German Ambassador to Snain Dead.
Madrid. By Cable.-Connt Yon
Tattenbach. the German ambassador
to Spain, died last week.
White Slave Bill Passed.
Washington, Special.-The Senate
last Friday passed the Bennet "white
slave" bill which had previously re
ceived the sanction of the House.
The measure was so amended as to
liminate the inter-state regulations
originally contained in the bill,, the
object of the Senate being to divorce
the immigration feature of the
question from all others.
Gets Two Years in Pen.
New York; Special.-Oliver Spitzer
former dock superintendent of the
American Sugar Refining Company's
plant at Williamsburg, was last
Thursday sentenced to two years in
the Federal penitentiary at Atlanta,
Ga., for his part in the recent ex
tensive underweighing frauds.
Diplomatic and Consular Bill.
Washington, Special.-The diplo
matic and consular bill was passed by
the House last Friday. It carries an
appropriation of more than $3,700,
To Organize Big Cott?nJJorporation.
Washington, Special.-John Hays
Hammond and Daniel J. Sully, asso
ciated with several men prominent in
the cotton business in the South, are
planning the organization of a cotton
securities corporation, which probably
will have a capitalization of $10,000i
Last Thursday Clark Howell, of
Atlanta, Ga., was operated on for ap
Cotton Growing in Africa.
Washington, Special. - Cotton
growing in Africa is becoming an
imporant pitrsuit and one which in
time, will affect the marketing of
American cotton in Great Britain, as
that country which uses so much
cotton from the United States, is en
couraging the development of the
growing of that staple in her colonies,
j This sason's cotton crop in West
. Africa is estimated at 5,200,000
! pounds, or over twice as much as
I was grown there last year.
LAW MAKERS OF
The legislative fight over fhe Gray
don Senate hill and M. L. Smith
House bill proposing to do away with
the present regulations so bitterly
fought by the traveling men, is prac
tically over, with defeat for those ad
vocating the change demanded. The
Senate Thursday gave final reading to
the Graydon bill, but so amended as
to thoroughly satisfy the railroad peo
ple and equally discourage the
friends of the bill. The bill as
amended and finally passed, leaves the
maximum rate at 3 cents and the
amendaient by Mauldin allows mile
age at' 2 cent's or less to be sold with
the present regulations by special
agent contract and an amendment to
that amendment Vequires any other
mileage to be accepted on trains. Yet
one other amendment malees it a
misdemeanor to check baggage over
one line and use the same mileage
over another. Smith, says he will
push his bill through the House and
fight the difference out in free con
ference, but the Senate is practically
certain not to yield. The Maulding
amendment as amended, passed" by a
majority of one.
Representative Mobley introduced
a- bill providing for a jim crow ar
rangement for circus ticket selling
and also requiring separate entrances
for the races to circuses.
. After spending the major portion
of both its sessions debating the"
asylum bills the House adjourned
without reaching a vote.
The house passed with little dis
cussion, Garis' bill providing for an
annual appropriation of "not less than
$60,000 for the free public schools;
Carlisle's bill to define the duties and
powers of probate courts in relation
to minors was passed in the senate.
It would give court the right to take
charge of such and properly care for
The senate passed the railroad
mileagp rate bill, after various amend
ments, as follows:
'.'Section 1. That in case any rail
road company or companies shall put
on sale any form of mileage books
at 2 1-2 cents or legal or agreed rate,
the presentation of the correct num
ber of miles, out of said book, to the
conductor or other authorized officer
to take up tickets shall entitle the
person holding said mileage to trav
el on the train of road selling said
mileage and upon the presentation of
his mileage to the proper or desig
nated agent of said company to have
his baggage checked, as now provided
by law. Provided, That any holder
of a mileage book who shall have
checked baggage over one road for a
certain distance shall not be allowed
to use the mileage upon which the
baggage was checked upon any other
road, and any attempt to do so shall
be a midemeanor, punishable by fine
or imprisonment, or both. The rail
road may stamp for identification the
mileage on which baggage is checked.
"Sec. 2. That all acts and parts
of acts inconsistent with this act
herewith be, and the same are hereby
repealed: Provided, That the pro
visions of this act shall not apply to
railroads or less than 40 miles in
length: Provided, That nothing in
this act shall be construed to prevent
an agreement between the railroads
and thev purchasers of tickets where
by special interchangeable mileasre
tickets may be sold at 2 cents a mile
or less, limiting their use by term of
such mutual arrangement as may be
agreed upon by the parties thereto:
Provided, That if any railroad issues
the said interchangeable mileage
books at said rate such railroads shall
also issue mileage books for trans
portation on such railroads to be tak
en on trains without exchange of
The house passed and sent to the
senate the appropriation bill. There
were only a few changes made on
third reading by Chairman Racker
and these with no discussion. The
State levy was 5 3-4 mills, an in
crease of 1-2 mill. In the judiciary
department an appropriation of $500
was made for furniture in the su
preme court room, $457.93 for pur
chase of certain books and an in
crease of $150 in the pay of Ernest
Moore, special judge. For the Uni
versity of South Carolina McMah?n
wanted the appropriation of $600 for
rent of houses for Prof. Carson and
Prof. Moore cut to $300. On a roll
?all this was defeated by a vote of
56 to 43. The appropriation for the
State Hospital for the Insane was
increased by $720 for the employment
}f a stenographer. The clerk of the
house judiciary committee receives
p'200 instead of $160; the sergeant
at-arms receives an additional $50
for extra services in purchasing fur
niture and the porter of the speak
er's room $80.
Senator Spivev's bill to amend the
code, so as to make the indexing of
mortgages of crops a sufficient record
thereof, was passed with an amend
ment excepting Sumter and Claren
don; "The marriage license bill" was
passed to third reading, making the
fee $1 for the license instead of 25
cents was adopted. Also a commit
tee amendment reading, "Nothing
herein contained shall render any
marriage ilVgal without the .issuing
of a license."
Senator Hardin's bill "to author
ise the regents of the State Hospital
for the Insane to pnrdmse lands and
provide fo rthe payine for the same,"
waft reported favorably by- the ma
jority of the finance committee of the
The house passed the bill intro
Quced by the majority of the York
delegation relating to the election of
trustees for school district No. 12 in
The house today, in addition to
passing a large volume of local bills,
?ave a second reading to a number
of bills of general interest and im
portance. Two of these concerned
women, one aimed ..t ..ie white slave
traffic and making the enticing of a
fmale to a house of ill-fame a felony
and the other a washerwoman's bill
making the wearing of another's i
I clothes by a laundryman or washer
I woman a misdemeanor.
A highly important railroad bill by
Dixon glided through by the grace of
the institution of several members
whose intention it had been to object
to "if. The bill allows suits against
foreign corporations to be brought in
the county where the complainant re
sides. It has been complained in
suits of this kind involving a thou
sand dollars or so damages that it
has been the practice of the defendants
to wear out the plaintiffs with costs
by having the cases transferred over
the State. The bill will be fought on
the third reading Monday.
Other bills passed by the House,
of more or less general interest, were
the following: By Brown, requiring
all renewals of judgments to be in
dexed; by Brice, requiring clerks of
court to enter on the criminal dock
ets the race to which tkiendants be
long; by Wells, converting the title
of abandoned railroad rights of way
to the original owners; by Carey, re
quiring clerks of court to open and
publish sealed sentences; by Daniel,
making it a misdemeanor to discharge j
any firearm into a dwelling; by Dixon, i
petitioning Congress to return South ?
Carolina's share .of the cotton tax:
by Dixon, making the interest on !
public money inure to the public in- j
stead of to officers causing-deposits to
be made. Dixon says this bill was I
inspired by the action of the dfepen- j
sary commission placing deposits in '
banks in which thev were individual- i
I ly int Crested ; by Wells; .providing for j
?the redemption of that portion of the '
'State debt represented by the 4 1-2
per cent bonds, Brown consols, with
3 1-2 per cent bonds. 9
The Senate judiciary committeees'
resolution calling upon Superinten
dent Babcock and the board of re- j
?rents of the State Hospital for the '
Insane to tender their resignation to
the Governor by next Thursday is
likely to fail of passage in the Sen- j
ate, although the resolution was sign- i
ed by eleven out of thirteen members j
of 1 ho committee. It was presented,;
to the Senate today, but action on it ',
was postponed. j.
The two houses will adjourn, sine
Those who have been proclaiming |
recently that high license is growing '
in favor were saddened by the action !
tod?y of the Senate in killing the high
license bill of Smith of Hampton
Greenville has raised $40,000 for a
Y. M. C. A. building.
The battleship Scuth Carolina will ;
very probably arrive in Charleston
on April 10.
J. B. Lemmon, a white farmer liv
ing a few miles from Kingstree,
drove his wagon off the causeway
in the river swamp Friday night and
was instantly" killed.
The members of the general as
sembly was entertained last Monday. !
by the Columbia Chamber ol' Com-"
merce in the way of a "smoker."
South Carolina has been asked to
particpate in the Panama Pacific In
ternational exposition, which will be
held in San Francisco, upou the
completion of the Panama Canal.
Walter Young student at Furman
University, was found dead in his
Founders' day exercises will be
held at Converse'college this year on
April 24. The Speaker for this occa
sion will, be F ?sident S. C. Mitchell
of South Carolina university.
The department of education is
soon to receive a strong addition by
the appointment of W. K. Tate, as
sistant superintendent at Charleston,
to the position of State supervisor
of elementary rural schools.
.'Arthur Libby, professor of modem
languages at Converse College. Spar
tanburg. has been commissioned by
State Superintendent of Education
J. E. Swearin?en to represent. South
Carolina at the third International
Congress for Home Education, which
will be held in Brussels next August.
lt is expected tliat. President J. H.
Weam of the Carolina Baseball
Icagu? will call a meeting of rho di
rectors of the league, lo he held in
Charlotte within the next ten days
from last Tuesday. At this meeting
a playing schedule for the approach
ing season will be arranged, and sev
eral new laws pertaining to the
league will be made. One of these
will be looking toward the enforce
ment of the salary limit. This limit
will also bc determined at this meet
Rohber Waa Her Hnsbani
Pittsburg, Special.-Mrs. Jerry
McAuley of McKeenport Monday
was shown a picture of a man killed
two weeks ago while robbing the .
postoffice at Tallahassee, Fla., and
identified it as that of her husband
who bas been missing from this city
for a year._
Up to last Monday the foreign
subscription to Paris flood relief
funds had reached $800,000.
$40,000,000 For Missions.
St. Louis, Mo., Special.-It is an
nounced that the countrywide series
of meetings which close in Chicago
the first week in May will result in
increasing foreign missionary offers
to nearly $40,000,000, more than
four times the amount of last year's
offerings for the purpose.
For Rivers and Harbors.
Washington, D. C.. Special.-Ap
proximately $40,000,000 will be car
ried in thc rivers ard harbors appro
priation bill for the next fiscal year.
Deserted, Tries to Die.
London, By Cable. - Florence
Schcnck Wilson, the beautiful Nor
folk, Va., girl who eloped four years
ago with Charles H. Wilson, man
ager of Alfred G. Vanderbilt's stable,
attempted suicide Friday night in a
West End hotel by taking chloral.
She may recover.
Next! Year at Winston.
Winston-Salem, N. C., Special.
The North Carolina Library Associa
tion will bald its annual convention
here this y?ar, the time to be next
TAFT DEFENDS PARTY.
Declares Campaign Pledges Have
New York, Special.-If Wall Street
methods are such ihJ: the enforce
ment of the law will promote- panic,
then thc quicker the methods are
changed the better. Thus President
Taft, at the Lincoln dinner of the
Republican Club last Saturday mad9
final reply to the pleadings of "The
There will he no running amuck ov
the part of the administration, tilt
president declared; but the law will
be enforced-the Sherman anti-trust
law, specifically. Recurring to the
platform pledges of the Republican
party, the president pointedly re
minded his throng of hearers that no
promises iliad been made to repeal or
amend or in any way to abate the
rigors of the Sherman law.
This law is on the statute books to
bo enforced, the president declared,
and it is the purpose of his adminis^
tration to enforce it. As an amelior
ating agency, all that the president
had to offer was the Federal incor
poration bill, which is pending at
Washington for the congress to take
or let alone, as it pleases. But there
is nothing more in this act that is in
any way intended to let down the
bars of the Sherman act even to those
that avail themselves of it.
In brief, the president renewed all
of the strong declarations of the first
message to consrress and the special
message on interstate commerce and
Federal incorporation, and it must be
taken for granted that his party is
behind him in his plans,.for the three
thousand or mgre Republican diners
who listened to the address cheered
every declaration to the echo.
Taft returned to his defense of the
tariff, and'hy fissures showinsr the op
eration o'f .the Pavne law of the past
six months 'argued a decided revision
downward. He pledged his adminis
tration anew to the postal savings
bank system, rl\? in a freneral way
covered the entire range of his legisla
tive platform as it was laid down in
the Repnblicican platform and has
since been devolped in the president's
successive messages to Consrress.
It was unon the corporation policy,
however, that the president laid
greatest stress, and that lie has not
changed his ,mind.
THE WEEK IN CONGRESS.
House Democrat's to Line Up Against
Ship Subsidy Bill.
Washington, D. C., Special.-Ship
subsidy legislation seems almost cer
tain lo pass the Senate, but the Demo
crats in the House are preparing to
line up against the bill and they be
lieve that with some Republican as
sistance they will be able to defeat
The question of whether the House
committee on ways and means will
undetake the investigation of the
high cost of living, in view of the
action of the Senate, is still unde
termined. Postal savings banks and
appropriation bills will take up prac
tically the entire week in the Senate
In the House the rivers and harbors
bill will probably occupy consider
able time and there are other appro
priation bills ready for considera
tion. Among these is the postflice
bill carrying about $240,000,000 and
the Indian bill.
The Ballinger-Pinchot investiga
tion is scheduled for resumption.
Issues Injunction Against Southern.
Richmond. Va., Special.-Based on
complaint of the Tennessee Central
railroad. Judge Edmund Waddill, Jr..
in the United States circuit court
here last week issued a restraining
ordor against the Southern railway by
which the latter, is prevented from
withdrawing tariff rates and tariff
agreements, which the Tennessee Cen
tral claims would virtually disrupt its
Big Fire at Vicksburg, Miss.
Vicksburg:, Miss., Special.-Fire
here Saturday, in the central portion
of the city, caused the loss of $300,
Thinks Taft Will be President Again.
Kew York, Special.-In the opinion
of Chas. E. Hughes of New York,
President Taft will be renominated
and reelected a president of the Unit
The R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Com
pany has purchased the Mount Airy
cotton mill property at Mount Airy
from the receivers, the price being
To Inspect Panama Canal.
New Orleans, Special.-More than
a hundred members of the National
Editorial Association, which conclud
ed its annual convention here Satur
day, left on the steamer ^Cartago for
Panama. Their inspection of the
canal zone will cover 11 period of sev
To Study Industrial Education.
education in all probability will be
the subject of an exhaustive study
by thc United States bureau of labor
in the early spring.
Cotton Bales Lighter.
New Orleans, Special.-Secretary
Hester, of the New Orleans Cotton
Exchange has issued a statement of
weights on G,238,S24 bales of cotton
handled at ports and across the
Mississippi, Ohio and Potomac rivers,
overland to American manufacturers
outside of the coll?n heit during the
months of September to January, in
clusive, showing an average of 509.
08 pounds against 519.43 for the
same period a year ago.
Butchered Young Girl.
Deland, Fla., Special.-Irwin Han
chett, 16-years-oId, has been arrested
for murdering Mary Tedder, 14 years
old. He hacked the victim into
pieces with a knife. He was, a in
mate of the reformatory for boys,
and considered a model youth. He
barely escaped mob vengence.
""he Charcot Antarctic expedition
has returned to Punta Arenas with
out having reached the South Pole.
News of the National <
Senator Heyburn of Idaho, the
only member of the senate Avho seems
disposed to renew the War Between
the States, broke out in the senate
again last Monday, and he go?
squashed in good fashion; It was
one of the verv few times in the
senate when more than ?orne three
or four senators ever have listened
to Mr. Heyburn, but nearly every
senator about the capitol-some 50
odd-was ih his seat and listened
quietly and with apparent seriousness
to a long harangue against the
South. They wore disgusted counten
ances and at the conclusion they
unanimously sat down cn him. The
Southerners sat quietly, except, of
course, Jeff Davis," who came near
destroying the effectiveness of a mas
terful stroke on the part of the
Democrats by butting in.
The Speaker was speaking in op
position to a resolution by Senator
Bankhead of Alabama to authorize
the war department to lend army
tents and other supplies to the Con
federate Veterans association for the
forthcoming reunion at Mobile, Ala.,
several Southern senators really
wanted to make reply, but inasmuch
as it was apparent to all that the
Idaho senator was speaking only for
himself and against the decided ap
proval of the other Republican sena
tors, it was determined to ignore the
Senator Bankhead arose and-there
was a general expectancy that some
thing voas going to happen, but the
Alabama senator merely remarked,
"Mr. President, I know that the sen
ator from Idaho feels better now, and
I ask for a vote on thc resolution.-"
Every Republican senator; except
Heyburn, voted on roll call with the
Democrats in favor bf lending the
tents to the Confederate veterans.
There Avas a general desire on th<?
part of the Democrats to have either
Bai'cy or Money, reply to Keyburn.
Either one of these would have made
a telling reply without using any
language discourteous to the general
run of Northern people, whose sena
tors had signified their intention of
voting for the resolution. There is
small disposition on either side here
to fight the 50-year-ago war over at
this late day, and such men as Hey
burn, mighty few in number are con
sidered as only jokes.-Zach McGee,
in Columbia (S. C.) State.
Less Cash Per Capita.
On 'tHe basis of an equal distri
bution of the money in circulation in
the United States on February 1,,
fcvery person would have 18 cents less
than he or she had a year ago. The
i insulation per capita on the first in
stant was $34.82; a year ago it was
!;35. Both population and money in
< insulation have increased during the
year. February 1, 1909, the circula
lion aggregated $3,091,312,546, while
three days ago it amounted to $3,125,
580,720. More than three hundred
millions of the general stock of money
in the United States, which amounts
to $3.428,135,938, is held in the
Treasury as assets of the Government.
Want Government Supervision.,
Pointing to each new mine disaster
as an additional reason why a nation
al bureau cf mines should bc created,
J. F. Callbreath, Jr., secretary of the
American Mining congress, declared
here Monday that an investigation of
the cause of these disasters by the
federal government was urgent.
2,500 Sailors Couldn't Swim.
Attention is directed in an official
report by Rear-Admiral Schroeder,
in command of the Atlantic fleet, now
engaged in practice maneuvers . in
Guantanamo Bay. Cuba, to the re
markable fact that more than 2,500
men in the fleet cannot swim.
Pass Extradition Bill.
The senate last Monday passed the
bill providing for the extradition of
criminals from one state to another
on "information" as well as indict
Keith to Succeed Himself.
It is ramored here that-B. F. Keith
will be appointed collector of the
port of Wilmington, N. C., to suc
rood League Chartered. -
For mutual benefit and protection,
the National Antitrust Food League
has been incorporated under the laws
of the District of Columbia, with J.
Lynn Yeagle, Emil L. Scharf and
Representative Coudrey, of Missouri,
all members of the board of direc
tors, as in corporators. The league,
which is to be national in scope, aim!
at a reduction in the cost of living .
Wants More Chaplains.
A chaplain for every life-saving
statiou is the object of a bill intro
duced by Representative Small
(Dem.) of North Carolina. The du
ties of such chaplains are described
as holding services on Sunday, which
shall be undenominational, visiting
the sick, and ministering to ship
The Supreme Court of the United
States had a notable birthday on the
2nd. It was 120 years old.
Before insuring elsewhe:
Old Line Companies.
:apitol Briefly Noted in
r President Taft and Senator Aldrich
are planning an investigation of eco
nomic conditions as al?ecting prices
which will reach out and overshadow,
anything of the kind ever attempted
in the United States. Behind it they
will put a directing force which will
make a new record in Official investi-r
g?tions. Quick returns, based upon
a scientifically practical inquiry, will
be demanded. It will not be a long,
tenure commission of plump salaries
and little labor;' There will be a
snappy, vigorous examination by .ex
perts, with a view to remedial legis?
kriion. It will be intensely practical..
When Congress convenes next De
cember the men who conduct the in
quiry will be expected to have at
hand information of a broad general
character, and a plan to blot out any
thing which is undesirable.
Neither of the resolutions which
have been offered in the Senate is
likely to be found . adequate hv their
present form for the inquiry which is
dcared. One which was offered by;
Senator Lodge has been reported
favorably by the Committee oh Fi
nance. Having, been reintroduced;
the Elkins resolution is also in the
hands of the Committee on Contin
gent Expenses, which is estimating
the cost of the inquiry which is cov
ered by the Lodge resolution. Some
combination of the two is probable.
, Discoveries important to national
life may result from the inquiry. If,
as Secretary Wilson contends, the
farms have \een deserted to increase
the population of the cities, there
will be presented the problem of re
Cotton Tax May Be Refunded.
If the bills introduced in Congress
to refund to the people of the South
something like $68,000,000 illegally
collected during the civil war from
j the cotton tax should pass, the fol
lowing amounts would be distributed:
Alabama, $10,000,00; Arkansas, $2,
000. 000; Florida, $1,000,000; Geor
gia, $12,000.000; Louisiana, $10,000,
000; Mississippi. ,?9,000,000; North
Carolina, $2,000,000; South Carolina,
$4,000,000; Tennessee, $3,000,000 ;v
Texas, $5,000,000. and , smaller"
amounts in other States. The levy
and collection of this tax was author- j
ized by the Act of Congress of. July
1, ?862. In accordance with tins
Act, which was the first on the sub
ject, the enormous sum of $63,082,
388.99 was collected.
Imports of Farm Products.
Farm products impr-ted into the
United States during tne fiscal year
1907-the year of highest record
' amounted in value to nearly $627,
1 000,000. Imports for 1908 were vahi
I ed ai $540,000.000 in round numbers.
The average for the five years 1901
1905 was a trifle over $455.000,000.
?hese figures appear in a bulletin is
sued by the Department of AgricuL
tr.re, which reviews our imports of
farm products during a period reach
ing back to the middle of the last
Root Crops For the South.
The Department of Aericultnre has
recommended after a thorough test,
Yantos. Taros and Dashoons as
promising root crops for the South.
The plants comprise salad plants, tu
bers which - are excellent for table
use and also for stock fped and are
valuable so arces of starch and alco
Can't Fish and Hunt.
The shooting and hunting of game
by the rural mail carriers while of
ficially employed on routes or the
carrying of guns for the purposes is
now formally forbidden. An order
to this ffect has been issued by the
Print Post Cards.
An innovation was instituted on
the first of the month by the Govern
ment when for the first time in the
history of the country Uncle Sam
began the printing of his own postal
cards. The work is to be done at the
Government Printing Office. Until
all of the new presses are installed
the issue will be approximately 1,
500,000 a day: afterward it will ag
gregate 3,500,000 a day.
Stokes New Surgeon General .
Surgeon Charles F. Stokes bas
been confirmed by. the senate to be
surgeon general and chief of the bu
reau of medicine and surgery in the
navy department, with the rank of
rear admiral. He suceds Rixey.
Newton W. Gilbert, of Indiana, has
been appointed Vice-Governor of the
Phillipines, by President Taft.
Overman Wants 60 Days Time.
Senator Overman of North Cairo?
lina, last Monday introduced a bill
providing for a postponement for 60
days of the dat? when 'corporations
are required to make returns and as
sessments under the corporation tax
law. The date is now March 1, and
the delay is to give the supreme
court time to pass upon test cases.
E. C. Register, of Georgetown, S.
C., has been appointed first lieutenant
in the army medical reserve corps. A
little later on he will receive a regu
3 & BYRD
rc, Wegreprcsent the BesK
Bank of Edgefield