Newspaper Page Text
Oldest Newspaper In South Carolina.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUN^Sth, 1910
HOUSE FLY A MENACE
Valuable and Timely Pape
Prepared by Prof. Ainslie,
Clemson College Exten
Seldom is a second thought giv
en the common house Hy. It has
always been considered a nuisance,
but recent studies have shown it to
be'very much more than a mere
nuisance The germs of intestinal
and filth diseases are readily car
, . v ried in large numbers from the ex
creta of patients suffering from ty
phoid, dysentary and cholera direct
to food intended for human con
'f sumption and even to the lingers
and face and; lips of a babe or sleep
Flies breed in filth and offal of
any kind, preferring above all else
the fresh droppings of horses and
mules. Largo numbers will develop
in haman excrement and in garbage
barrels, at places where dish Avater
is thrown out and wherever decay
ing animal or vegetable matter oc
The adult Hies are constantly
passing back and forth from such
materials, where they deposit their
eggs, to other materials upon which
they themselves feed. Thej' prefer
sweets, but are attracted by almost
any kind of human food. I
Flies do not ordinarily travel to
j any great distance and if a little
care is taken th?ir numbers ruay be
- greatly reduced. Especially does
i the farmer have the chance of abat
ing the pest so far as his own prem
ises are concerned.
The eggs laid by flies hatch in
about a day into the familiar white
i maggots. After about live days
spent feeding, if, the food supply is
unlimited, and a couple of day3 in a
resting stage, the adult flies appear.
It takes "them slightly more than a
week from fly to fly. If manure
can be disposed of, hauled to either
the field or a compost heap some
distance from the house every five
to seven days, no flies will be able
to develop. If it is not possible to
dispose of the manure, it may be
possible to provide a room, dark
s and thoroughly screened, into which
the'mannre may be put until it pan ?
t be disposed of.
Of all the substances used to kill,
or repel flies the one which has
\ proven most satisfactory is ordinary
air slaked lime. Lime is a first
class deodorant. A free use, of it
around all stables, privies and garb
age cans will"cause these places to
lose half of their disagieeablev fea
tures, and they will oease to be at
tractions and breeding places for
that menace to health-the common
huu.se fly. 1
Prof. Geo. G. Ainslie,
Associate Prof. of Entomol
ogy and Zoology, Clemson College
(From the Boston Transcript.)
Housewife: "How is it that the
large strawberries are on the top of
the box?" Peddler: "Well,.you see.
mum, they grow so fast this
fine weather that the last ones pick
ed and put in the box naturally big
ger thin the fust ones."
Wabbly and Weak
TVater can't rise above Its leve!
Nor can a community risa above thu
level of Its citizenship.
If the citizens are lukewarm, limp
tad lazy, the town will be wishy
washy, wabbly and weak.
If the citizens have VERTEBRA,
VTM AND VIGOR, the town will be
substantial, solid and strong.
Let's ali brace up and make this
town of ours a place of energy, ambi
tion and enterprise. .
The Executive -Committee Ar
ranges For Eight Meetings.
Take Magistrates Out of
Pursuant to the call of County
Chairman B. E. Nicholson,. ?b'e
executive committee met Monday
morning to consider the matter of
electing magistrates in the primary
and to attend to routine business.
The first item of business to re
ceive attention was arranging for
the county campaign meetings. A
committee, consisting of A. E. Pad
gett, J. C. Shaw, B. D. Kitchings,
C. E. Quarles and .7. W. Hardy,
was appointed to select the dates
and places for holding the meet
ings. The committee arranged the
following schedule which was unan
Long Branch, Saturday, July
Johnston, Tuesday, August 2nd.
Be rea, Thursday, August 4 th.
Red Hill, Saturday, August 0th.
Rehoboth, Tuesday, August 9th.
Parksville, Thursday, August
Lanham Spring, Tuesday, Au
Edgefield, Thursday, August
The above committee was also
requested to suggest or fix the as
sessments of the candidates. As
there are several offio?s that did not
have to be filled this year the num
ber of candidates is not so large as
two years ago, consequently the as
sessments had to be increased in
order to raise sufficient funds to de
fray the campaign expenses. The
following assessments wert* levied:
House of Representatives, ?5; coun
ty auditor, $5; county supervisor,
?5; superintendent of education,
3; judge of probate, ?2.50; super
visors of registration, county
commissioners and coroner $1 each.
Air*routine business being- dispos
ed of, the matter of election of
magistrates in the primary was
next taken- up. Capt. John R.
Blocker spoke at length in favor of
his motion to allow magistrates to
be' ejected in the., primary tbis^year
as heretofore. A. E. Padgett, W.
L. Coleman and John C. Shaw spoke
in opposition to this motion. B. D.
Kitchings also spoke in favor of
Capt. Blocker's motion. The'yote
stood 8 to i in favor of taking the
magistrates out of the primary.
The vote of the committee was
as follows: For election of magis
trates in primary, JJ. T. Mathis, VV.
W. Adams, B. JD. Kitchings, John
R. Blocker, C. M. Williams, C. E.
Quarles, and G. W. Wise, Jr.
Those opposing their election in
primary, G. M. Smith, A. E. Pad
gett, J. W. Hardy, W. L. Coleman,
S. T. Williams, J. F. Atkins, L. Y.
Claxton and John C. Shaw.
Raise Cowpea Hay For the Milk
It is my firm conviction . that it
would be cheaper to pay $25.00 a
ton for cowpea bay than to pay $G
per ton for cottonseed hulls for
milk production. When the farmer
bas cowpea hay, the best way to
supplement this would be to feed
a ration consisting of one-third cot
ton seed meal, one-third corn meal
and one-third wheat bran feeding
this grain in the proportion of one
pound of grain lo about four or five
pounds of milk. In case the rough
age consists of corn stover, corn
fodder or other poorer classes of
roughage, grain should be fed at
the rate of about one pound to three
pounds of milk.-John Mitcels, in
Raleigh (N. C.) Progressive Far
mer and Gazette.
Use Heayy Implements.
If you have intelligence enough
to manage two horses profitably,
then you tie up half your power,
yon thr?w away half your intelli
gence, you kill half your profits,
when you use only one horse.
When j*ou can use two hands
profitably, what would you think of
tying one hand by your side and
using only one? And yet. the
economic effect is almost the same,
if you can use two horses profitably
find are content to use only one.
Raleigh (N. C.) Progressive Farmer
"Jane," said a lady rather sharp
ly to her cook, "l must insist that
you keep better hours and that you
have less company in the kitchen at
night. Last night you kept me
from sleeping because of the up
roarious laughter of one of your
"Yis, mum, I know," was the
apologetic reply; "but she couldn't
help it. I was a-tellin' of her how
you tried to make a cake one day."
-Ladies Home Journal.
The School Teacher.
There are teachers and teachers,
and if the writer felt himself com
petent and was a good deal braver
than he is, he would undertake to
discuss them from all standpoints:
but such a task would involve
more wisdom than one man could
be expected to Have, and courage
enough to suffice for a crack regi
ment. It will be assumed for the
purpose of these remarks that there
is only one kind of teacher, and he
is the one who measures up to every
Of all the -public servants who
have the hardest rows to hoe in this
world, including the country preach
er, tlie country editor, and the coun
try ' school teacher, the country
school teacher , proabbly runs
afoul of the most briars and thistles,
and gets more unfriendly criticism
and less sympathy * fn*?m those
among whom and for whom he la
The ideal school teacher is a jew
el among men, or if she be of the
other sex, a jewel among women.
The primary qualifications are to
know his business; to understand
the things he is to teach; to recog
nize the value Of thoroughness; to
compel obedience; ? to be strong
enough or diplomatic enough to
overcome unreasonable stubborn
ness in parents as well as in chil
Somebody has said that men and
women are only children grown up.
In a sense, the truth of that is so
obvious that it does not necessarily
suggest much wisdom; but the say
ing was to suggest the idea that
the same unreasonableness, the same
lack of wisdom, the same.egotism
the sa'me wilfulness, that is so char
acteristic of many children contin
ues to exist in grown ups, and most
experienced teachers have observed
that the parents who are able to
pride themselves on having been to
school through college, give more
trouble generally than the parents
who have had no educational op
portunities whatever. They know
how they want it done, but they are
unable to appreciate the fact that
no one else, other than themselves,
is capable of doing things exactly
in ac^itfiiauce with their-own notion.,.
All" these thincs the teacher^has
to contend with, and the more thor
oughly he. understands and accom
plishes his work,, the stronger and
more unreasonable the opposition
he must encounter. The endeavor to
placate that opposition by yeijding
to it, necessarily destroys the effi
ciency of the teaching as well as
the usefulness of the teacher, and
of course, the really competent
teacher will do nothing of the kind.
Pigs and Peckerwoods.
A brother-possibly one whose
members sometimes run away from
him on Sunday to hear other pas
tors in the city-told me a good
story. Passing through a forest
used as a pasture, a man came upon
a b.jnch of pigs, mostly snouts, tails
and bristles, with their heads close
together, and their ears pricked up,
as if intently listening. In a mo
ment, the herd rushed away a hun
dred yards, and then suddenly stop
ped. After a time, away they went
again, and so they kept up a con
tinual scatteration. At this junc
ture, the owner came up, and the
visitor asked the meaning of the
strange conduct of the pigs. The
old fellow explained the matter by
saying, ''Yes, stranger, them's my
pigs. I used to call them to iriwe
them a few nubbin's, until last'win
tcr, when I lost my voice, and could
not make myself heml. Then I
fell to striking on a tree with a
stone, and they'd come to that
Now I've got my voice back, but
no matter bow much I call, they
won't come to me. If they hear a
woodpecker a thumpin' on a tree,
away they go, an' they're, about to
run themselves to death after wood
peckers, and yet no woodpecker
ever has ?rive them a grain o' corn."
The moral of this story is mani
fest. The folks who go away from
your preaching are merely running
after woodpeckers. They are at
tracted by all sons of sounds, and
refuse to hang around the man who
has some genuine food to give
If any of The Courier readers
among the preachers are afflicted in
this way by runaway members, it
might be well to preach a sermon
entitled "Pigs and Woodpeckers,"
Dr. C. C. Brown in Baptist Courier.
What He Lacked.
"They tell me," said the innocent
maid, that your marriage was the
result of love at first sight. Is it
It is." answered the round shoul
dered man sadly. "Had I been gift
ed with second sight Fd still be in
the bachelor class?"-Chicago Rec
W. O. W. Unveiling
I 1 ex
on yes^.j .> called
off on occouji^^., I ; able to
secure a suitable n*p<..rii?i- until the
3rd Sunday in the month. The or
der of exercises and program ^or
that day is as follows: Decoratib
of graves early before ?5unda
school by the proper committees;
sermon on Fraternity at 11:30 By
Rev. T. H. Garrett. After dinner,
our camp, in conjunction with the
daughter camps, viz: Plum Branch,
Modoc, Red Hill will meet in our
hall, form in line, march to' ceme
tery unveil the monuments, to Sovs.
Blackwell and Dorn, the memorial
address to be delivered by Solicitor
and Sov. W. Hampton Cobb of
Columbia. We trust that we may
have a grand meeting.
Since our last Mr. H. H. Free
man bas moved into his new brick I
We are sorry to report, the seri
ous condition of Mr. GK \
Adams of our vicinage, who is
ceiving all the attentian that medici
cal skill can give at Pine Height's
Sanitarium in North Augusta. He
is suffering from a broken -hip,
caused from a fall of 5 feet. We
trust he may yet recover.
Our friend, Mr. W. M. Robert
son, is stepping high, in fact, I call
him stepper: it's a boy and atine
We are glad to report ..Mrs.
Strom's condition improved. ?!
Little Geo. Bell Cartledge, soti
of Nettie Bell and Mr. Thos. Cart
ledge bas had a close call from
pneumonia. We are glad to-say'be'
has safely passed the crisis.
Messrs. Press and Butler Strom
from Rehoboth worshipped.. with
Mr. R. M. Hitt, editor of the
Aiken Sentinel, s pent a -short
time '. in Parksvilie Saturday.
He did not tarry as long as we
wouid like, but. h?-jaad. pressing,
busin??s'.on towards - Rehoboth, for
wiiic.fi- we - excused . bim with''1 he ;
promise that he would call later.. j
Dr. and Mrs. James A, Dojbey;
of Johnston,, are on a visit to the
latter's parents, Mrs. L. F., Porn.
Miss Fannie Joe Str?m, after
spending some time with relatives
here has returned home.
Miss Martha Strom is a welcome |
visitor at the home of her uncle.
Mr. Clifford Robertson's new!
home on North main is completed,
and he and his interesting family I
have moved into our town. We ex-1
tend io each of them a broad wel
The Baptist parsonage is about
completed except the paint and our
Baptist pastor is expected to move
in a few days.
Col. Giles D. Mims, of Faifa, is
traversing his old stamping ground
here to-day. Col. Mims talked poli
tics, mechanics, and practical
affairs with the versatility of an ex
pert. We are always glad to see
you. Come again.
Mrs. Sarah Parks (Mudder) whom
we reported as being so sick is some
Married, at the residence of Judge
John R. Blackwell, Mrs. Sallie
Blackwell to Mr. William Holley,
of Plum Branch, th2 ceremony
being performed by the Rev. T. H.
Garrett Sunday afternoon June 5th.
Congratulations and best wishes.
Fine rains have fallen in western
Edgefield to the delight of the dili
Not Much Difference.
A stranger addressed the far
mer's boy across the fence:
"Young man, your corn looks
kind o' yellow."
"Yes, that's the kind we
"Don't look as if you would get
more than half a crop."
"We don't expect to. The land
lord gets the other half."
Then, after a short time, the man
"Boy, there isn't much difference
between you and a fool."
"None," replied the boy, "only
the fence."-London Standard.
"Well, old man, you've been
married twelve times now. You
surely aren't going to take a chance
at a Number 13?"
"Nope. I can't see any way out
of it but to niarry twins."-Toledo
Councilman-I've come to see if
you will subscribe anything lo the
Old Resident-Good gracious!
I've already subscribed three wives.
Ten Things to do This Month.
1. Keep .the cultivators going.
Lev cly. shallow, frequent cultivation
is.what the crops need at thia sea
son. Don't-cut corn and cotton roots
by deep plowing.
v2. Plant , cowpeas, soy beans, vel
vet ueahs, peanuts, some legume
will work twenty-four hours a day
for you gathering nitrogen, making
money and building up the land.
Put in all stubble lands not other
wise employed as soon as the oat or
wheat, crop'is taken off.
.3: Save all the crimson clover
seed possible. If no clover huller is
available, the seed can be beat
en out' by hand and sown in the
Get the mower in good run
ning order. See that all bolts are
tight; the knives sharp, the guards
on straight and the bearings well
oiled. :A mower is a splendid weed
killerns well as a necessity in the
5. Plant late corn and potatoes.
Keejp up' a succession of garden
ps; beans, tomatoes, sweet corn
and: other vegetables should be
planted this month. Fresh vegeta
bles aro cheaper and better than
meat or. store bought foods.
0. Spray the apple trees again
witK. Bordeux and Paris green, and
the late peaches with lime-sulphur.
Plow GUt-the 'first year strawberry
.beds and- plow up the old ones.
? 7. Lpok after the work stock.
Cut out some of the corn these hot
days and substitute cottonseed meal,
oats Or peavine hay. See that there
is enough shade and water as well
alt grass?in your pasture.
8. Fix np a bathroom of some
sort, so that you can free yourself
from dust -and perspiration at the
close of the day. It will prove in
vigorating, add to your sense of
dignity' and enable you to do better
work. ' -
Keep up the warfare against
flies and mosquitos and so help
ward off typhoid fever and malaria.
Screen the doors and windows,
drain the'"stagnant pools, and look
after the breeding places of the flies.
10. Prepare for the Farmers' In
stitutes in your section, and if there
are no Women's Institutes in your
? .ne, keep af ter your officials until
?lb,fr.i :?i;e started.- Progressive
It Pays to Fertilize the Legumes.
While peas and other legumes
will get nitrogen for us from the
air, and will furnish the materials
for increasing the humus in the
soil, they draw heavily on the min
eral matters in the soi?^ phosphorus
and potassium, and hence must be
supplied with these if they are to do
their part in the improvement of
Years ago a man in Alabama
wrote to me that what I had been
writing about peas improving the
land was all a humbug", for he had
taken twelve crops in succession off
a piece of land, and the soil got so
poor that it would not grow peas.
There is no crop grown that can
be taken annually off the land and
nothing returned without impover
ishing the soil, and the legume crops
are no exception. They consume
phosphoric acid and potash largely,
and these they cannot get from the
air, and if they are not supplied in
fertilizers, the pea, or any other le
gume, will exhaust the supply of
these in the soil.
But where phosphoric acid, and
in most sections, some potash, are
applied in a liberal maimer, the le
gumes will enable us to dispense
with the purchase of nitrogen, or
ammonia, in any form.-W. F.
Massey, in Raleigh (N. C.) Progres
sive Farmer and Gazette.
The Warm Grass.
The eye of a little Washington
miss was attracted by the sparkle
of dew at early morning, "Mama,"
she exclaimed, ' It's hotter'n I
thought it was."
"What do you mean?"
"Look here, the grass is all cov
ered with the perspiration."-Bap
A Budding Merchant.
The jeweler left his new boy in
charge of the store while he went
home to his dinne-', but not until he
cautioned the youth that all the
jjoods were marked and that he
must not let any one take goods
with him unless they were paid
"Well, Sam," he asked, upon his
return, "did you have any custo
"You bet!" said Sam gleefully.
"And I got his money, too! I sold
one man all those brass rings you
had that were marked 18c. on the
inside, and here's the money-a
dollar and ninety-eight cents."
The Advertiser Publishes Inter
esting Letter which Rev.
John Lake Wrote to
Dear Father: In my last letter I
told sister that I would soon write
you something^ about the chapel
that I have charge of in Canton
City. It is the oldest Baptist meet
ing house in Canton, if not the old
est in China, and was originally
built, away back in the '5 O's by a
man who was ordained in our be
loved Edgefield, S. C. This was
Rev. L J. Roberts.
Mr. Roberts was born in Ten
nessee, February, 17th, 1802; was
converted at Shelbyville, Tenn.,
studied in Tennessee and Kentucky
and also in South Carolina. He was
assisted in his education by the
South Carolina Baptist convention
in 1727, and ordained at Edgefield,
S. C., April 22nd, 1728. On Janua
ry 4th, 1830, he married Barsha
Blanchard, near Augusta, Ga.
Mr. Roberts preached in Missis
sisppi, where he owned property
said to be worth ?30,000. This
property, donated by him, formed
the base of the "Roberts Fund So
ciety," under whose auspices he
went as a missi onary to China in
1836. He afterwards connected him
self with the foreign mission board
of the triennial convention, and
after, the Southern Baptist Conven
tion was formed, he became a mis
sionary of our board, though his
last years in China were spent
working as an independent mission
ary. These and other facts, I have
gleaned from Dr. Tupper's book
on the foreign missionary of the
Southern Baptist Convention.
The Southern Baptist Convention,
organized in Augusta, Ga., in 1845,
was first presided over by Dr. W.
B. Johnson of Edgefield, whom you
doubtless remember. In fact I re
member some funny stories you
used to tell me about his eccentrici
ties when he visited your old home
when you were a hoy.
Old South'Carolina has played
no small part in foreign missions,
some of the great heroes of tha
movement haye lived, and some
have died, within her borders. I
have;been to the grave of Luther,
Rice au Pine/ Pleasant in wh;it was
once Edgeneid county, now Saluda,
and Rev: J. L. Shtick, the first Ameri
can Baptist Missionary to China,
preached during his last years, and
found his last resting place, in Barn
well, S, C.
Frank Johnson, Dr. W. B's. even
more eccentric son, Dr. J. B. Hart
well and Miss Lula Whilden, still
actively -engaged in the work; Miss
Whilden's father, mother and sis
ter, and Mr. Gaillard, all South
Carolinians, were among those who
laid the foundations of the work in
China on which we of a. later date
ire trying to build, sowed the seed
that we are reaping in the great
iiarvest of the twentieth century.
Through lack of care, Frank
Johnson's health failed and he had
;o return to the homeland; through
ack of care when preaching to the
epers, Mr. Roberts contracted the
lisease and died of leprosy in 1871.
[ have preached'to the lepers a good
nany times myself, but I am very,
rery careful of my health, and now
;his month I am entering into the [
abors of those who have gone on ;
)efore, and am, in addition to my ?
vork in the Sz Yap county, taking '.
m the care of Mr. Roberts' chapel, I
the oldest, as I have just said, in .
Lhis great city. A Chinese teacher
viii live in the chapel and work un
ler my direction, and we expect to
?old services every Sunday, morn
ng and evening, and on most of
he week nights too, year in and
rear out. \
As you know, "S. C' and I live
n the great home of Dr. and Mrs.
Et. H. Graves. This is Dr. Graves'
ifty-fourth year as a missionaiy in
Danton. He has proven that a man
san stand the climate! There ?.re
ive cases of small pox in the wo
nen's school here on the compound,
just found it out this afternoon.
'S. C." had some of her pupils
n the girls school to have small
xix once but somehow we live, and
There are seven other Baptist
?hurches and chapels in this great
nty, looked after by different mis
tionaries and native pastors, besides
die chapels in our various schools
lere on the compound. Five from
,he orphanage were baptized yes
;erday. I baptized fifteen candidates
n the Sz Yap south west of Can
ion, the last half of last month, and
nade a trip just before that to a
?hurch here I look after fifty miles
n another direction (north.) "S.
0." has over a hundred in her board
ing school and a large attendance in
aer day school. Now with this new
?hapel, she and I have all the work
ive can do. Love to all.
Interesting Commencement Ex
ercises, Mr. Turner to Build
New Church. U. D. G
to Erect Hall.
The commencement exercises of
the High School, which were held
on Monday evening in the auditori
um were witnessed by an immens?
crowd. This evening was given over
to the music department, which
has been under the instruction of
Miss Lillie Parish. The program
was as follows:
Trio, Grand Galop Brilliant,
Misses Denny, White and Mobley..
Duet, Come dance with me, Webb,
Misses Effie and Edith Gibson.
Trio, A May day, Rathburn, Mis
ses Annie Harrison, Lucia Epes ano!
Master Fred Parker.
Duet, Holiday spirits, Engelman,
Misses Beckham and Oxner.
Duet, A walk in the field, Misses
Bessie Ford Turner and Bettie Wa
Trio, Polish dance, Xaver Schar
wenka, Misses Edith Coleman, Beu -
lah Sawyer and Gladys Sawyer.
Duet, The return of the heroes,
Engelmann, 31 i-ses Shade and Ly
Duet, Waltz, Azalea-Webb, Mis?.
Frances Turner and Master Gray
Solo, Silver spring, William Ma
son Miss Antionette Denny.
Duet, We five, Misses Lillie Par
ish and Gladys Sawyer.
The closing f eature Was a play,
"Young Dr. Divine," which was
given by the members of the school.
Equally as large a crowd enjoyed
the graduating exercises of Tuesday
evening. Hon. Mendel L. Smith, of
Camden, was to have made the ad
dress, b it a telegram was received
from him stating his inability to be
present, owing to the sudden illness .
of his wife. Dr. Charles E. Burts,
of Edgetield, was asked to take his
place, which he agreed to jdo. Dr.
Burts is greatly beloved here, and
his appearance before the^"*^iencc
was received with delight
The exercises were 01
prayer by Rev. Lawson, a
musical selection by Mist
and Sawyer, the essays c
graduates were"?njoyed: 5
r-Miss Ola Smith; \ class . i
Ida Satche r ; class hist
'Flora Kenuyi olasa pjop
"The spirit that wins;?:
in full of the spirit of s
of industry, of progress
ion and of amiability. r
of applause that he rec?
conclusion, showed wit*
predation his discours
Prof. W. C. Curry d?
diplomas after a few
remarks. Prizes offered
dents in each of the f
grades, making the high
were awarded as foll
grade, 15 volumes of I
Joe Jacobs; 10th grad?
Irvin, Mr. Joe Scott;
gold watch, Miss Helen
grade, Cooper's leathe
tales, Miss Beatrice Wo:
The fae 'Ity for next 3
Prof. W. C. Curry, s
en; Miss Dessie Stewari
Dukes, Kate Braddy, Cl
and Mesdames L. C. I
M. A. Huiet, teachers; ft
ta Beckham,taking the pl
Parish, in the music ?
who declined re-election
Mr. M. T. Turner
(Continued on page 8)
Or maybe you'd present some
friend with a better equipment
for the battle of life. For instance,
present him with an annual sub
scription to this paper.