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Nebraska Democrats Dethrone
World Renowned Orator.
LEADER FOR TWENTY YEARS
Delegates Silent "When ?oil Call ol
Counties Proceed But a Storm of
Cheers Follow Result of Vete.
Grand Island, Neb., Special.-Amid
a tumult of cheers from the former
followers of William J. Bryan, per
manent Chairman Smyth of the Demo
cratic platform convention Tuesday
read the result of a test vote of the
gathering practically taking from Mr.
Bryan the Democratic leadership of
Nebraska, which he has maintained
for 20 years,
The vote carce on a motion made
by Congressman G. M. Hitchcock, a
?andidate for the senatorial nomina
tion, and in effect was to eliminate
the idea of platform planks, with
accompanying speeches, unless sub
mitted as a section of the majority
or-> minority report of the comrnitte*
Mr. Bryan, seated as a member of
the Lancaster county delegation, was
upon his feet at once with a protest
and proffered an amendment that
would modify that intent /of the
original motion. A dozen delegates
made as many motions and heated
speeches on the subject, thc; Bryan
adherents denouncing the Hitchcock
motion as "gag*rule" and their op
ponents assertinsr that li individual
rule" must not prevail 'in the con
Chairman Smyth ordered a roll-call
on the amendment and the gathering
was silent as the vote of the coun
ties was called that would determine
the strength of Mr. Brvan.
When two-thirds had been Called
foes of Mr. Bryan realized that he
was defeated, and a wave of cheers
Chat drowned the roll-call began. As
Chairman Swyth finally read the re
sult, 465 against the amendment to
, 394 in favor of it, the delegates
sounded a fresh volume of cheers
that seemed to indicate their relief
from the uncertainty that had existed !
as to the strength which Mr. Bryan'
might develop in the convention. The
original motion of Mr. Hitchcock
then was adopted. x
Race Rict at Ariland, W. Va.
Blu?fidd, W. Va., Special.-A race
riot occurred late Monday afternoon
at Ashland, W. Va., on the Norfolk
and. Western Railway in which six
men were injured, two perhaps fatal
ly. Knives and'rocks were .used with
which to cu^, stab and fhrow, ac
cording to a report received here.
The situation was extremely serious
for a time. Negroes, it is stated, in
vaded quarters of white men ' at a
coal operation and trouble, on account
of whiskey drinking due to the recent
pay day distribution cf money, pre
cipitated an encounter.
The fight soon became general and
twenty-five men took part in the
riot Two white men were stabbed
and two negroes received injuries
?hat are likely to prove fatal.' The'
names of the victims are not given.
Too Late for Arbitration.
Montreal," Special.-The e.'?orts
made by MacKenzie King, minister of
labor for the Dominion, to bring the
Grand Trunk strike to an end by ar
bitration, have proven futile. In an
swer to a further request that the
matter should be left to arbitration.
Mr. Hayes, president of the Grand
Trunk, wired to the minister that
while the company had been agree
able to arbitration before the trouble
started, the time for arbitration has
passed and all that the company now
required to operate the system was
the protection of their employes from
Determined to Capture Assassin.
Ridgeway, Va., Special.-At a
special meeting of the town council
Tuesday afternoon a reward of $500
was offered by the town for the cap
ture of the murderer of ex-Mayor
Bousman. The governor of the State
and authorities of Henry ounty will
be asked to duplicate the amount. It
is believed friends of Bousman will
fifer personal rewards.
Man and Woman Tried to Sink.
St. Louis, Speejal.-Bound together
with two steel chains and 15 feet of
rope and weighted with a valise filled
with sand, two revolvers, an axe, an
oil stove and other junk to insure
their sinking, Brice Womack, a
wealthy farmer of Troy, Mo., A*;-!
Mrs. Mollie Anderson, of St. Lou-J,
jumed from a skiff into the Missis
sippi river here Sunday. They were
rescued by people on the bank, and
when brought to land were revived
Womack is charged with the theft
of the skiff, from which he and the
woman leaped. Mrs. Anderson is in
the city hospital.
Gamble cn Farmers' Product.
Chicago. Special.-An extreme ad
vance of 4 3-4 cents was registered in
the com market here Monday. The
market was wide aid excited on re
ports cf heavy damage due to the heat
and drought. The December option
was the most violently affected. It
closed at GO 1-4 to 60 3-8 cents; and
during the forenoon sold up to 6?
cents. September gained 3 3-8 cents,
selling at 661-8. and May 4 cents.
Sales at R61-4 cent.':.
Hostess of Three Generals.
York, Pa., Special.-Mrs. Mary
Weaver, of Dover, this county, the
woman : who had thc distinction of
having fed three Southern generals
47 years ago when part of the South
ern army bivouaced near her home,
died Sunday. She was 73 years old.
Mrs. Weaver supplied General Fitz
hugh Lee, Wade Hampton and J. E.
B. Stuart with griddle cakes, eggs
and ham when they visited her home
just prior to ty* battle of Gettys
KING COTTON RAMPANT
Speculators Cannot Fill July ex
tracts-Jump3 73 Points.
.New York, Special-.-At the open
ing of the cotton market Thursday
Frank P. Hayne, one of the New Or
leans bull leaders bid 15.30 for 50,
000 hales of July and then 15.S5 for
25,000 bales. This startet! a rush of
covering by belated sholl? and inside
of the first half hour July coWon
had sold at 16.10, or 73 points above
the closing figures of last night. The
shorts found very little cotton for
sale and are estimated to have secur
ed less than LOOO bales on the afr
Before the close October cotton
sold at 13.64 or 33 points' above thek
previous day and at the highest level
Teached since early, in the year. The
general market closed firm' at a net
advance of from 23 to 53 pointe.
Every facility of the New lort
cotton exchange is now being strained
to the uttermost in the effort to pre
pare cotton for delivery on contracts
between now and the end of Ue
month. The largest amount of cotton
on record for any one day was in
spected Wednesday a total of 15,JJ8
bales were passed by the bureau.
Christian Scientists in Trouble.
Birmingham, Ala., Special-The
coroner and city health officials have
ordered a thorough investigation of
the death of 9-year-old Roger Howell,
a son ol' Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Howell
839 Herring avenue. Tho boy at the
time of his death and for some time
previouslv had been in the care of
Mrs. R. H. Kerr. Mrs. E. H. Foster
and Miss Hulet Thompson, Christian
Science practitioners. They claimed
Tuesday that death was the result of
a- vaccination performed several
Dr. R. B. Harkness, city health of
flc:r state*, however, that he can se?
nothing that could have brought on
death other than lack of nourishment 1
and medical attention.
Dispensary's Attractive Feature.
Charleston, S. C., Special.-Thc
statement of the dispensaries of
Charleston county for the second
Quarter endimr June 30 show net pro
fits of $47,016.94 which is about $13.
000 in excess of thc corresponding
quarter of last year, making the pro
fits of the last half year about $90.
000. or' an annual business, if the
business holds up during the next two
quarters, cf $180.000 ~or a net in
crease of $40,000 over the business of
The statement is particularly inter
esting for thc showing of the revenue
that is possibb in the dispensary sys
tem for Charleston county, if the law
1.s strictly enforced and the patron
age is given to the legally establish
ed institutions for the sale of liqnoi.
Since the Charleston comity dispen
sary system was established, the an
nual business ha<* sbown an increase
yearly 0f from $10.000 to $15.000.
Policeman's Narrow Escape.
Augusta, pa., Special.-Police Of
ficer -William Caudle was shot and at
first it was thought" that he was
fatally injured, and John Crabbs of
Barnwell, S. C.. said to be of a prom
inent family, was shot through the
brain and killed in a struggle on a
bridge near North Augusta, Thursday
afternoon. The shooting attracted a
great crowd and for a time it was
thought that there would be trouble
but the arrival of a police platoon
The wounded officer was hurried to
the hospital where it was found that
the bullet had hit his shield directly
over his heart and glanced off, the
man_ not being injured with the ex
ception of the bruise from the im
"Dftct of the bullet.
Form National Currency Association.
Washington, Special.-First Wash
ington and then Atlanta and New
York, with a number of other cities
close in their wake, ia the way the
program now appears for the crea
tion of National Currency Associa
tions to provide additional currcney,
to be issued by the banks wfcenevor it
is deemed best in ?naneial crisis.
Knew His Death Wa3 Near.
New York, Special.-Convinced
that he was about to be fatally at
tacked with hydrophobia as the re
sult of the bite of a pet cat, James
E. Hardy, 57 years old, of Bayonne,
N. J., a Standard Oil employe, de
liberately went about making arrange
ments for putting his affairs in order
and arranging for his funeral.
Early Thursday the hydrophobia
developed itself as he beliaved it
would. Hardy was hurried from his
house ot the hospital but nothing
could be done for him there and af?
ter an hour of aconv he died. N
Too 3-d, Children.
Nashville, Tenn., Special.-Twenty
eight hundred ice cream cones were
seized and destroyed bv Deputy
United States Marshal Shirley. The
cones were shipped by a Birmingham.
Ala., concern to a local firm and
were seized on the ground that thev
contained boric acid, which is held
injurions to health and renders thc
pioduct subject to condemnation and
seizure under the pure food and dru?
Ohio's Nominee for Governor.
Columbus, Special.-The Republican
candidate for govornor of Ohio is
W arren G. Harding, of Marion, O.
Despite the efforts of Sena!cr Bur
ton's Ou.yahoga county delegation to
stampede thc convention for Nicholas
Longworth, .'.ml George B. Cox's every
effort in behalf of Judge O. B. Brown,
the Dayton man, a combination of thc
"progressiva?" with the national ;ul
ministration men broke up the fight
on the third ballot.
HOW IT CAN BE BONE
Practical Scheme to Pull Maine
mil REQUIRE THREE MONTHS
tf Engineers Plan Successful Ship
Could Leave. Under Own Steam
Hulk Could he Easily Inspected.
Washington, Special.-John F.
3'Rouke, the engineer who bridged
;he Hudson - at Poughkeepsie and
3rove the Pennsylvania railroad tun
ael under the North river, has laid
before Mr. Oliver, acting secretary of
war, his plan for raising the Maine
from the mud of Habana harbor.
Briefly, this newest plan is based
apon a system of pneumatic caissons,
such as have made possible the build
ing of extremely deep foundations un
4er water and which contributed
tergely to the success of the building
af tunnels under the Hudson. No
divers are used and the pontoon sys
tem is put completely aside. The
aiethod proposed is to swing the
Maine in a cradle of powerful cables
and lift her completely out of the
water, where a complete inspection of
her hull' will be possible.
While the ship is suspended above
water Mr. O'Rouke declares she can
1? repaired as readily as if she were
in dry- dock and after being re
launched from the cable cradle can
Leave Habana harbor under her own
steam. This is said to be the first
plan yet proposed which would pre
sent the Bhip to a naval board in pre
cisely the sam/ condition as she sank
on the night of February 15, 1S98:
First a wharf pf piles would be
built on either side of the submerged
WTeck. Then between the wharves
and the hull, 12 pneumatic caissons
*ould be sunk, six on each side.
Practical tunnel building operation? j
would be epmloyed thereafter and
100 little tunnels would be driven !
through the mud under the Maine's
keel between the opposite caissons.
Through each tunnel a powerful steel ,
sable would be run and each end j
would run up the outside of th? cais- ?
son to the wharf above, so there ;
would be a steel cable under the hull i
?very four feet and the aggregate of j
all would be calculated to be capable j
of raising four times the weteht of j
the wreck, which is about 7.000 tons !
Each cable end would then be at- !
bached to a system of pteel screw xods'i
and the screwjack principle would ;
be employed. In that the war dc- ;
partment would he asked for a thou- j
?and men k> operate the hand screws. j
and b.y every man turning a lever at ?
a given signal, ii is plriv-^d to pull .
the hulk up in the cradle of eables in j
practically the same way as the '
pyramids of Egypt are supposed to j
have been built by man-power. Be- j
ing swung above the water line, the
gap between the wharves would be
bridged and the engineers would ;
work under and around the hull. I
When repaired she could be let defwn |
iuto the water by a rev - sal of the j
process by which she wa- raissd.
Mr. O'Rourke expressed the opinion !
to Mr. Oliver that the job could b? j
done in thrsp months. Mr. Oliver and !
General Bixby examined the plan in '
minute detail. Mr. O'Rourke wo? as-'
sured as on?. condirto* that, should '
an army board pass favorably upon !
the project, his patents in the ap
paratus would be protected.
Attorney General Wiekersham ar
ranged for th? protection of the
Shame on Louisiana.
Monroe, La., Special.-Unidentified
men broke into the city jail here and
earned off Laura Porter, a negro
woman prisoner, at whose home white
men are reported to have been robbed
on several occasions. It is generally
believed that she was thrown into
the Ouxaehita river and drowned.
Old Scheme Swindled Negroes.
Alexandria, La., Special.-Scores of
negroes in this section have been vic
timized within the past 10 days by a
white man who obtained the sum of
$1 from each of them "as a fee for
tiaving their names enrolled as ex
riaves in order to secure pensions."
Che swindler has not been appre
$71,000,000 Couldn't Prevent Death.
New York, Special.-Edward R.
Harriman was worth $71,000,000 at
the time of his death.
The records of the State Comp
troller's office into which inheritanc?
taxes are paid, show that Charle?
A. Peabody, president of the Mutual
Life Insurance Company, "who has
acted as Mrs. Harriman's adviser,
since her husband's death, paid on
March '5, last, $675,000 as the amount
to which the State was entitled .unde^
the Transfer Tax law. A little arith
metic shows to those familiar with
the law that the estate on which this
tax was paid was valued at $71 -
Music Demoralized Girls.
Cleveland, O., Special.-Twenty
eight girls employed in the hot roll
ers, kneeders and cutters room at
the American Chicle Company's
plant, driven to desperation by the
tantalizing music at a dancing pavil
ion in a nearby park, went out on
strike here Monday.
The ?irls have been getting $1 per
day. They want $1.25. the wages
paid the wrappers of chewing gum.
4-11-14 For Johnson.
Albany, Special.-Jack Johnson
champion pugilist, has an automobile
license from New York State whii>h
ought to tickle every om- of Iii?
brethren of color, but mos! of all
those who years ago were addie! ed
to policy and I lie formation of gigs.
The conquere- of Jeffries was ar
rested in New York the other dav and |
arraigned in couti fur uver-speedin^. i
There it was discovered I hat he har
no license for his big automobile. He
applied for one immediately and gol
it-No. 4-11-44. . ' '
You Think I Bave Fslic
i - Cartoon b
MM COMMUNITIES ASK FOB I
BUT SOUTH AND WEST F
Postmasters Report Savings Seek F
From Marny Communities for DE
Foreigners and People iq Mc
Most Insistent-? Hi
Washington.-Perhaps the most in
teresting documents now coming into
Washington have to do with the ap
plications of postmasters who want
their postoffices designated as branch
postal savings banks. Practically all
of these letters, more than 200 of
which have now been received by
the postmaster general, have been
written in answer to a demand by the
patrons of the postoffices, and in
many instances the postmaster gives
the reasons advanced by his patrons
for asking for a postal bank in the
community. It is already evident
that the country at large is taking a
healthy interest in the new institu
tion created by law of the last con
gress, and about to be created in fact
by the board cf trustees, composed of
Postmaster General Hitchcock, Secre
tary MacVeagh and Attorney General I
The pleas on hand to date indicate
that those communities where a large
part of the population ,is composed of
wage earners, foreigners or people in
moderate circumstances, are those
most insistent for postal banks. Ru
ral communities somewhat removed
from banking facilities are also de
manding the new banks, and the pre
diction is freely made by postmasters
that the result of their establishment
will be to bring new money into cir
dilation, increase thrift in the com
munity, and - inspire a patriotic inter
est in the affairs of the government.
Among' the interesting letters re
ceived, none has been of greater sig
nificance than that written by the
postmaster at Pueblo, Col. After
pointing out that this Community is
mostly a wage earning community, in
which foreigners play no small part
in the mining and smelting industry,
the postmaster cites actual figures
from his records to show that there
has been sent from Pueblo to foreign
countries in international money or
ders during the last five years more
than $1,000,000, which might well
have been retained at home. These
disbursements, by years, were as fol
lows: 1905, S19S.000; 1906, $294,
000; 1907. $376,000; 1908, $186,
000; 1909, $151,000.
From Jackson, Tenn., comes a re
quest for a postal bank, based on the
ground that most of the inhabitants
of that city are persons in medium
circumstances, who would like to de
posit their small savings in a govern
The postmaster at Bellingham,
Wash., a city of 30,000 inhabitants,
writes to the postmaster general that
he has a large number o? poor for
eigners as patrons of his office, who
will welcome a postal bank. He
writes that, in his opinion, the depos
its in postal banks in that community
will increase the money in circulation
perceptibly, encourage thrift and
help put a stop to extravagance and
poverty. The postmaster at Everett,
Wash., a city of equal size, has also
reported that, in his opinion, a postal
bank at that place will bring out not
less than $150,000. He bases his es
timate on the banking already being
done with him in the shape of money
orders made out In favor of the pur
At Madison, Wis., the postmaster
thinks he has found an ideal place
in which to try out the postal bank
system. He points out that he has a
diversified population to serve, rang
ing from university professors down
to foreign laborers, and he believes
an Intimate study .of the relation of
each of these classes to the postal
bank system will be highly instruc
From North Adams. Mass., comes
a plaintive tale that the cotton and
woolen workers in the textile mills,
most of whom are foreigners, want a
postal bank in which to place their
There is much human interest In
the plea of the postmaster at Breck
enridge, Col. He says the town is
small in comparison with many other
applicants, but a postal bank is need
ed to "help the young men who are
Pittsburg Official Says Municipal
Hennery is Keeded in One Section.
Pittsburg.-Directer E. R. Walters
of the department of public health
has diverted his attention from the
smoke nuisance to hens. He says the
negro hill district must have a public
henhouse. He found hundreds of
families keeping chickens in the cel
lars of houses.
Since they must have chickens, and
cheaply, there is only one solution,
according to Mr. Walters, and that is
a municipal hennery or poultry stock
yard and slaughter houso
Xcws of Sports.
Leon Morane won four fir:! prizes
at the Bourne-mouth airship meeting.
The Hurlingliam Polo Club decided
to adopt the American system of han
If Jeffries had placed himself in
ibo cara of Delaney. Muldoon thinks
Hie result of thc big fight might have
A rule has boc:, made at Trinity
Colloq that a man must, competo for
his collers team i'i the course of the
academic year and mustn't make en
gagements'to appear for organizations
Q Away Mach, Uncle Ssa?
y??J. Ropers, in Kew York Herald.
'08TAL SAVINGS BANKS,
AIL TO ENTHUSE OVER THEM
'lace of Deposit--Interesting Pleas
isignation of Branch Banks
iderate Circumstances the
?lp to Young Men.
far from home and who find it hard
to save money." Inasmuch as these
"young men" are undoubtedly scions
of eastern famUies who have gone
forth to seek their fortunes while the
fathers and elder brothers remained
at home to take care of the lons-estab
lished business of the family, this in
terest on the part of the postmaster
in their welfare and in their success
gives a touch to the paternalistic side
of the postal banks which is interest
ing. The postmaster says he will not
get an extra cent in salary for the
estra work involved, but that he is
personally willing to work overtime
in order that these "young men" may
be encouraged in thrift and economy.
Superior, Neb., reports that there
is ho savings bank within 100 miles
of that place in any direction, and it
wants the first postal savings bank al
lotted to that State, as it had the
first rural route.
From Great Falls, Mont., comes the
plea that the city has'more wage earn
ers in proportion to its population
than any other city in the country,
many of whom are foreigners. ^The
postmaster is certain that the patrons
of his office will appreciate a postal
The postmaster at Onarga. 111.,
points out that while the ?inhabitants
of the cities have savings banks ga
lore, the rural population of the coun
try in large part is without conve
niences of this kind." He sucreests
that the postal savings bank will be
come even more popular in the coun
try than in the cities, and asks that
they be given a fair trial in the coun
try districts, Including the territory
in the vicinity of Onarga.
At Centervllle, Ia., the postmaster
reports a large foreign nopulation.
which either buys international
money orders with its surplus savings
and sends it out of the community,
or carries the money around on its
person. This feature among the for
eigners has already been emphasised
in the mining districts of Pennsylva
nia, where thousands of dollars have
already been reported in the hands
of the foreigners working the mines
of that state. The postmasters of
Pennsylvania feel sure this money
will go into the postal banks.
Astonishing indifference appears to
prevail in the south and west with
regard to the benefits supposed to flow
from postal savings banks. Those
sections were supposed, while the bill
was under consideration, to be de
manding such legislation with great
Of the CO,OOO postmasters in the
country but 195 have reported the
least interest in their localities in the
matter. Of the 14,000 or 15,000
banking institutions in the country
but 462 have signified a desire to be
come depositories for the money to be
placed in the postal savings banks.
The banks manifesting curosity are
distributed through 42 states, and the
postmasters who have made inquiries
are in 36 states. Texas and Oklaho
ma are the only states cf the south
Where the subject appears to have
aroused much interest. In Texas 20
postmasters(.have written here for in
formation and in Oklahoma nine.
Postmasters in Louisiana, Missis
sippi, Alabama, Georgia and North
Carolina have ignored the matter
The officials of the postoffice de
partment believe they will be able to
establish a few banks by the first of
the year 1911. They realize they
have a big task on their hands. Thus
far, however, there are no indications
of any rush on the patt of the people
in demanding them.
Secretary MacVeagh recently urged
the banks to form associations to avail
themselves of the privileges of the
Aldrich-Vreelaird currency plan, but
thus far there Is not one such associa
tion in existence. Futile efforts have
been made to form them so they may
be in existence when the next curren
cy pinch comes, but the banks are un
willing to even go to the expense of
preparing the necessary papers for
Chicago Now Has Continuous .
Water Course to thc Ocnn.
Chicago.-Chicago is now connect
ed with St. Louis and other Missis
sippi river ports, and therefore with
the ocean, by a continuous water
course deep enough for barges and
other craft of light draft. The con
necting link between the drainage ca
nal and thc old Illinois and Michigan
canal at Lockport was formally
It is estimated that the link will
afford a channel with at least five feet
Every piece ol' ordnance in the J
army will be tested and further safe-J
ty devices added.
Engli-h ai d Chinese capital is be
ing freely iir.estod in mining ^roper
ties in th? Philippines.
Captain Uen: r, thc Canadian
polar exploro-, will attempt to find
the Northwest Passage by a new
Through assistance called to tiici:"
aid by wireless tho crew and passen
gers of the burning Southern Pacific
steamer xMomus wero saved of! the
Notes of Inten
Trap Nest For Laying Hens.
The larger illustration shown gives
a fair idea of a trap nest that anybody
can make in a little while with only
a hammer and a saw for tools. Of
course, if you have many hens you
will have to make several nests to ac
commodate all, and then all other
nests must be closed or torn up.
The trap nest has been quite an im
portant factor in building up strains
of heavy layers among most of the
popular breeds to:day. Using it, the
breeder, by a process of elimination
and culling each year, breeds from
only the best layers in his flock. The
small fancier has been more success
ful along this line, as he has had only
a few hens and had more time and
cared more for his little flock.
The nest is made in two compart
ments. The box proper is fifteen
inches square by thirty-two to thirty
six inches long. The hole or opening
between the compartments need not
be,round as pictured unless you care
to make it so, but it should be just
large enough for a hen to pass
through easily, and no larger. The
size of thc opening will depend upon
whether you are raising a large va
riety or a small variety. A large
stiff wire is bent in the shape indi
cated, and the part passing over the
opening is made to work freely up
and down like a lever and under wire
staples. When the hen starts to pass
under the wire to g?t into the nest
proper she lifts the wire arm up with
her back and thus the other wire arm
back from beneath the door, where it
has been held up under the lid of the
box, letting it drop in place. Blocks
are fastened in front of the door so
that the door can not be pushed out
and the hen can not escape, no mat
ter how hard she tries. The lid on
top may be made of two separate lids
or as one piece, as you please. With
a little experimenting on your part
you can bend the wire just at the
right angle so that it will work per
fectly each time. The wire arm over
the opening should be placed high
enough EO that the hen will naturally
want to pass under it instead of try
ing to step over it.
The first compartment should be
from four to six inches longer than
the drop door is high, so the door will
not strike the hen on the back as it is
Each hen should have an aluminum
or copper leg band on one of her -egs
with a number on it. Then as you re
lease the hen you can put the egg
down to her credit if she has laid one
in the nest. Sometimes tuc hens will
enter the nest from curiosity, and es
pecially is this true when the system
is first installed, but, after they be
come used to lt they will seldom enter
except to lay. To get the hens ac
quainted" with the nest the door may
be propped up for several days.
The trap nest is excellent for sit
ting hens-you can release the hen
to get her /eed and trap the door, and
then after she goes back on the nest
she shuts the door after her and o:her
hens can not enter to bother her or
break her eggs. You can easily catch
the hen that is an egg eater with the
trap nest, as some of the broken egg
.rill be found in the nest with her.
Buckwheat is a good crop to grow
on weedy lanjs; it is a nitrogen gath
erer like clover; it may be sown late
with safety, when the rush of other
seeding is over, and it is a good
yielder. Whole buckwheat has about
the feeding value of corn, but its
middlings have a high protein content,
22 per cent.; oil meal has 28 per cent.,
and the 'panure from that feed is rich
in nitrogen. Ground buckwheat made
Before insuring else\vher<
Old Line Companies.
Lt The Farmers [
?d in the South.
ist to Planter,
The oilier illustration abova ls a
double nest box for sitting hens; the/
method pf fastening the door Is
shown by the L-shaped catch. Yon
will notice that the nest is made quite
deep, but does not have to be as long
as the trap nest.-Indianapolis News.
The process of making cider is very
simple, but the way to keep it from
fermenting in this climate is another
question. Old and experienced cider
makers try time and again and fail.
After a short time it had passed the
hard cider stage and was on the
road to vinegar.' The trouble is no>
doubt due to the climate.
All germs of fermentation seem to
thrive with us, and one germ in a
good medium, that is, material in.
which germs delight to grow, will
soon destroy the material if the tem
perature is not kept very low. Cider
carefully made and boiled and put
into sterilized vessels will keep, if
The boiling will destroy the flavor
for some people, but if the juice ia
treated as unfermented grape juice
is before being put up, and the proc
ess carried out to the end as is done
with grape juice, an excellent Quality
of cider can be made and kept Indefi
nitely. Grape juice is slightly affect
ed at the bolling point, and the de
gree to which cider is affected at dif
ferent points is something on which
we are not posted, but there can be
very little change when the tempera
ture is kept below the boiling point.
The essential considerations are, to
keep the temperature about 190 de
grees for about twenty minutes and
never allow it to get up to 200 de
grees. Keep it corked tight for a
week or more, twenty days will be
better, heat again to 175 degrees, but
do not allow it to reach the same
temperature as it did when heated
the first time, or there will be a de
posit of sediment.
The methods of making cider are
various. Some use a hand press and
some use power. This depends upon
the amount of cider to be made. The
essential thing is to get the juice out
of the apple, and a press is indis?
Cottonseed Meal For Horses.
Dr. G. S. Fraps, State Chemist of
Texas, at the A. and M. College, saya:
Cottonseed meal has been used for
horses and mules at some places with
favorable results. The agriculturist
at the Vanderbilt Estate in North
Carolina said that he had fed work
ing horses and mules six days of the .
week for three years on the follow
Thirteen to fifteen pounds of cured
hay and corn fodder, four pounds,
wheat bran, two pounds cottonseed
meal and six pounds corn meal.
On Sunday he gave whole corn and
oats and uncured hay. It was stated
later on that the use of cottonseed
meal was not found satisfactory at
At the North Carolina Experiment
Station two old horses were fed for
two periods of twelve and eighteen
days and two and two and one-half
pounds of cottonseed meal respective
ly with four pounds each of corn meal
and ship stuff, and clover and timothy
hay. The animals ate the ration well
and gained well. i
A German experimenter states that '
draft horses do well on two pounds of
cottonseed meal a day.
Considering all thes*> facts. I would
suggest to those " .. ."a to use
cottonseed me' , tnat they do not nee
over two p ands per day. I would
not recommend cottonseed meal for
mares in foal.-Rice Industry.
Good Care Pay?.
The harness and buggy may be
made to last twice or three times as
long by the judicious use of oil and
paint. I bought a cheap buckboard
and harness seven years ago. Twice
every year I took the harness apart at
the buckles-washed it with soap and
then rubbed well with "neatsfoot oil,*"
fifteen cents* worth. Every summer
when the wheels began to rattle be
cause of getting loose I got a half gal
lon of linseed oil and put in a crescent
shaped pan and bollad the "felloes"
of the wheels in the linseed oil. For
$11 bought enough ready mixed car
riage paint every summer and treated
the entire cart to a coat of paint. As
a consequence my cheap harness and
buckboard did almost daily service
for seven years and was then given in
part payment in buying another buck
board and harness. There were oth
ers who did not use oil and paint who
had three or four new sets of harness
and carts.-Mrs. M. G. Adams, in the
into a thick slop is good for the
brood sow, and its flavor soon in
duces the little pigs to learn to eat.
Horses eat whole buckwheat, and they
seem to do well on it and welcome
it to break a monotonous diet. Fowls
like it, and relish it for a long time
continuously. As a crop for home
consumption, as a weed killer and
nitrogen source to laud buckwheat
deserves a recognition
) SEE i
Wegrcprcsent the Bes*
& BYRD> >
Bank of Edgefield