Newspaper Page Text
Reprinted from an article by Theodo
arrangement with The Outlook, of whl
Editdr. Copyright. 1910. by The Outlot
Gen. Leonard Wood has Just re
turned from South America to take up
his duties aa chief of the general staff
of the United States army, the highest
military position which the service af
Nearly 12 years ago, when Leonard
"Wood was acting as governor of Santi
ago, I wrote in the Outlook about what
he had already achieved, and what he
could be trusted to achieve. During
the intervening 12 years he has played
a very conspicuous part among the
men who have rendered signal service
to the country by the way in.r?hi?b
they have enabled lt tb grapple with
the duties and responsibilities- in
curred by the Spanish war. What has
been accomplished in the Philippines,'
In Cuba, in Porto Rico, in Panama,
and in San Domingo during these 12
years represents a sum of achieve
ment of which this nation has a right
to be extremely proud. !n each locall
?> ty the problem has been different, in
each locality lt has been solved with:
signal success. Of course there have
been mistakes and'shortcomings, but
on the whole it would be difficult to
find anywhere a finer record of suc
cessful accomplishment This record
is primarily due to the admirable qual
ity of the men put at the head of af
fairs In the different places. Messrs.
Taft. Luke Wright, Smith and Forbes.
Messrs, Hunt. Winthrop. Post and Col
ton. Governor Magoon. Colonel Goeth
. als-to these and their colleagues and
subordinates the' country owes a
heavy debi of obligation.
Most of those I have mentioned are
civilians. Colonel Goethals. ' under
jtfhoih the gigantic work of the Pana
'ma.canal Is being accomplished, with
literally astounding rapidity and suc
cess, is a representative of the army.
The share of the army in the ' honor .
roll ls very large. The importance
of work like that of General Bell in
the Philippines, of General Barry In
Cuba, can hardly be overestimated:
but, as a whole, of all the work of the
army officers, the greatest in amount,
.ind the greatest in variety of achieve
ment, must be credited to General
Wood. And.^ moreover, he has at I
times combined with singular success
the functions of civil administrator
and military commandant The part
played b,y the United States In Cuba
ha? been one of the most honorable
ever played by any nation in dealing,
with a weaker powe'rj pne of the most
<ratisfactory. In all respects; aud to
General Wood more than to any other
one man la due the credit of starting
thlB work and conducting-it to a suc
cessful conclusion during the earliest
and most difficult years. Like almost
ali of the men mentioned, as wejl.as .
their colleagues, General Wood of
course Incurred the violent hatred of
many dishonest schemers and un
scrupulous adventurers, and of a few
ts TOO MUCH HANDSHAKING?
Other Ways of Greeting Friends That
Are* Much Preferable, Accord
ing to Writer/
[ Although a few have' suffered the
unpleasant experience of the man In
the case recently reported, the bones
of whose bands were forced out of
. place by the vise-like grasp of a too
vigorous and unduly demonstrative
friend, most people will be inspired by
their personal recollections to sympa
thize with this victim of a misdirect
. ed ardor. Everyone knows people who
seek lo express the sincerity pnd ear
nestness of their good-will by squeez
ing the hand they take as though they
were trying to break every one of the
score or so o' bones which the human
hand comprises, and every one on
such occasions must have wished that
some other form of salutation than
the one most in vogue had been de
vised and ?were generally practiced.
Shaking) hands ia a relic of barbar
ism anyhow. It became tbe custom
In the days when every one carried a
dagger In his belt and when one friend
meeting another thought it necessary
to attest the peacefulness of his in?
tentions by extending an open palm:
Then the other man 'could do no less '
than make a similarly reassuring dem'
ons trat Ion and the grasp of these two
extended hands naturally followed.
Subsequently, by a logical process of
evolution the handshake grew to be
the conventional form of greeting and
the refusal of a proffered hand was
regarded as one of those insults
whpse dishonor can only be. wiped out;
with blood. Now the custom is ton
firmly and widely established for its
abandonment to be 'conceivable, and
' : Bird'? Powerful Voice, ,
. There.-is a bird known as the naked
throated bell bird, that bas such a
powerful voice that it can he beard
three miles away. It is loud and
piercing and baa been likened to the
aound produced by ft blacksmith
Gastronomic Prix? Medalist
The man who Invents a noiseless
method of eating corn on the cob, and
points out bow one can partake of
watermelon without betting bis ear?
wet. will 2* a true benefactor.
. . A Warning.
Love's young dream appears to have
met with an interruption somewhere,
Judging from the following pathetic
warning "ad.** in the Auckland Herald
of a recent date: "O. D.-No; father's
borne-V, R."-New Zealand Free
paper Belting an Improvement
Paper belting, Instead of leather, ls
? made in England, the claim for lt be
ling that it ls stronger than leather.
.C7?M not stretch and it lesa subject to
re Roosevelt In The Outlook, by special
ch Theodore 'Roosevelt le. Contributing
>lc Company. All Rights Reserved.
more or less well-meaning persona
who were misled by these schemers
and adventurers: but it is astounding
to any one acquainted with Hi facts
to realize, not merely what, he accom
plished, but how he succeeded in gain
ing the goodwill of the enormous ma
jority of the men whose good will
could be won only in honorable fash?
ion. Spaniards and Cubans. Christian
Filipinos and Moros. Catholic eccle
siastics and Protestant missionaries
in each^ case the 'great majority of
those whose opinion was best worth
having-grew to regard General Wood
as their special champion and ablest
friend, as the man who more than any
others understood and sympathized
with their peculiar needs and was
anxious and able to render them the
help they most .needed.
) His administration was as signally
successful in the Moro country as in
Cuba. In each case alike lt brought In
Its train peace, an Increase in material
prosperity, and a rigid adherence'to
honesty as the only policy tolerated
among officials. His opportunity for
military service has not been great,
either in the Philippines or while he
was the governor of Cuba. Still, on
several occasions he was obliged to
carry on operations against hostile
tribes of Moros, and In each case be
did his work with skill, energy, and
efficiency: and. once It was done, he
showed as much humanity In dealing
with the vanquished as he had shown
capacity to vanquish them. In our
country ther? are some kinds of suc
cess which receive an altogether dis
proportionate financial reward; .but in
no other country is the financial re
ward so small for the kind of service
done by Leonard Wood zn? by the
'other men whose names I have given
above. General Wood is an army offi
cer with nothing but an army officer's
pay, and we accept it as a matter of
course that he should have received
practically no pecuniary reward for
those services which he rendered in
positions not such as an army officer
usually occupies. There ls not- an
other big country in the .world where
he would not have received a sub
stantial reward such as here no one
even thinks of his receiving. Yet. aft
er all. the rpward for which he most
cares Is the opportunity to7 render
service, and this o? ortuntty has been
given him once and again. He now
stands as chlef-of-staff of the 'Ameri
can army, tte army In which he was
serving Tn a subordinate position as
surgeon 13 7?ars ago; His Tise bas
been astonishing, and it has been due
purely to bl3 own striking qualifica
tion and striking achievements. Again
and again be has rendered great serv
ice to the American people; and ho
will continue to render such service
In the position he now holds.
yet there an*various things about.lt
which render it unsatisfactory.
. Rather surprisingly it has thus far
escaped the denunciations of the doc
tors, who have spared no little else, aa
a possible occasion for the communi
cation of. Injurious microbes, but one
does not have to be a President of the
United States, nor even a popular poli
tician engaged In a canvass for votes,
not sometimes to have wishel that
the handshaking habit had never been
contracted. There are so many ways
of shaking hands that are objection
able and there are so many different
kinds of hands whose touch communi
cates a sensation.not exactly pleasant.
Hands that are too hot or too cold,
too moist or too dry, or whose inert
ness communicates an uncomplimen
tary sense of indifference 06 the part
of their possessors.
Every one Is familiar with the hand
shake in which all the shaking haa to
be done by the party of the first part.
In which the hand one grasps lies
limp and lifeless In one's own, to be
taken or left, to be squeezed or let
drop, as one pleases, while the atti
tude of the owner suggests an ab-o
lute lack of interest in the proceed
ings. Behold, that also is van ty-end
vexation of spirit So is the question
which recurrently arises, and which lt
may be suspected is the source of
mv-ch secret embarrassment, the ques
tion of to shake or not to shake.
Etiquette has its rules for this, but no
rules etiquette can formulate will
cover every case that may arise, and
to determine the right thing may not
always be easy.
It will be seen that the Chinese
plan has its advantages. The China
man you meet does not shake your
hand. He bows and shakes.his own.-.
Philadelphl?. Inquirer. .
Peculiar Trick of; Lightning.
Lightning, played a i curious trick
with a'funeral procession near Limo
ges, recently. It struck the church and
burned the altar cloth. Outside the
church a girl wai killed and four bear
ers of the coffin were knocked down.
Wonderful Flight of Dragon Ply.
The dragon fly can speed through
the air at the rate of 60 miles an
hour and more wonderful still, can
stop instantaneously In Its flight or
move backward or sideways without
changing the position of Its body.
Something like a blast took plaee
at Bonawo quarries the other day
when upward of 400,000 tons of gran
ite was displaced. The face of the
rock was 300 feet high and the pow
der was located 80 feet from the quar
Cedar for Lead Pencils.
Seven hundred thousand tons ot
American cedar are used annually by
the lead pencil manufacturers of Nu
remberg. Germany, says our consul
IN OLD SOUTH CAROLINA
Cream of the News Gathered From
All Sections of the Commonwealth
For Our Many Readers.
The River ?nd Harbor Projects.
The United S'fcatcs engineers de
partment ait Charleston is a busy I
place these days with the prelimi
nary work for the various river and
ihiarbor projects which were provi
ded for at the last session of the
Congress and- in which there is
much general interest over the Statee
and whose" successful prosecution is
now an issue in the election of some
of 'the congressmen with the drafts
men, printers and clerks busy,
there will be even busier times when
the preliminary examinations will
have been held which are generally
fixed for August 30 and towards this
end the engineer's department is
now addressing circular letters to
various persons who may be thought
to be in a position to furnish infor
mation regarding thesa projects and
desired by the government for the
final determination of the question
oi their prosecution. V.
1 "Hundreds of: these circulars were
mailed to various -places,. covering
work on the following proposed pro
1. Charleston harbor, with view of
securing a depth of 30 feet.
2. Waterways from Orangeburg to
Charleston, including cut-off or ca
nal from the Edisto river to the
Ashley river, with a view to provide
a more direct route between said
cities than that orded by existing
3. W*terw.. . rom Columbia and
Camden to Charleston, including cut
off or canal from the Stantee river by
anv existing or proposed route to the
Cooper river or Wando river and any
of their tributaries between said
c?bles than tha t - afforded by existing
4. -South Fork Edisto river to
5. Great Pee Dee river at Gibson,
with a view to aid navigation.
6. Salkechntchie river i.o Morris
7. Archer's crcek.
The circular letters in every eas*,
invite ? full prese??ation of views
for the proposed projects, to be. giv
en hi Avniting on or before Aug. 30.
President Will Sail From Charleston
It seems to be settled that thc
r.wsident will sail from Charkston in
November on his trip to Panama. It
is likely the President will sail on
one of the armored cruisers of the
Atlantic fleet and perhaps a second
crui?er will be sent alon? as a convoy
and for use in case of emergency.
South Carolina Summer Capital.
For the next three weeks Green
ville will be the summer capital of
South Carolina. Governor Ansel is
there for his vacation and State af
fairs will be directed from the Har
ris residence on Pendleton street. .
Reduction on Lumber Rates.
The rate on lumber over the prin
cipal railroad lines of the State was.
reduced by 10 per cent for all haul3
as a result of a circular issued by the
Railroad Qnamission. There is a
much greater reduction for short
hauls. This means a saving of many
thousands of dollars annually for the
lumber dealers of the State. The
rate is applicable on the Southern
railway, Blue .Ridge, Atlantic Caro
lina, Seaboard Air Line, Columbia,
Newberry & Laurens road and the
Chesterfield & Lancaster. These
roads operate about 80 per cent of
the mileage of the State. The new
rate is on car-load lots of 24.000
pounds and the rate breaks every
five miles, up toi00 miles. The new
rate becomes effective Sept. 30 of
Railroad, Telephone and Telegraph
At the meeting of the State Board
of Assessors ' at Columbia Tuesday
they will consider assessments on rail
road property, telegraph and tele
phone companies, palace cars and
street railways. The board consists
of the following: The Comptroller
General, the Attorney General, the
Secretary of State, the State Treas
urer and the chairman of the Rail
road Commission of this State.
Shrinors Preparing for Big Time.
The Shriners say 1,000 'of their
nobles will attend the presentation
of Ben Hur on a spectacular scale,
which is bein? arranged .by the Shri
ners at the Columbia theatre Nov.
24 as the big feature of the Shriner's
convention Nov. 21-24.
A committee consisting of C. B.
Simmons, of Columbia, on behalf of
the Shriners; Manager Fitz Hugh
Lee Brown, of vhe Columbia theatre
and Secretary A. McP. Hamby, of
thc Columbia chamber of commerce,
is at work to secure from the rail
roads a flat rate for the occasion like
that which is extended for the State
Passed Old R. R. Ticket for $5.
Hubba-d Burns, colored, is in jail
at Anderson in default of bond for
his appearance to answer to a charge
of obtaining money bv false pretense.
He is charged with passing an old C.,
C. 'and G Railroad ticket, bearing
date 1873, on another negro, for a $5
bill, getting change in silver. The
new owner of the note tried to pay
for a luach at a restaurant with the
"paper" and this fact led to Burn's
arrest. Burns has the appearance of
being a pretty shrewd negro
Mr. James Henry Rice Promoted.
James Henry Rice, Jr., the secre
tary of the South Cnroflina Audubon
Society, has been appointed field
agent of the National Audubon So
ciety. The official notice of his op
pointinent was received from T. Gil
bert Pearson, secretary of thc na
tional association. The appointment
is for five months and may be re
newed at the end of the year. The
new work will not interfere with the
duties of Mr. Rice 06 S?tale secre
INTERESTING STATE NEWS
Column of Current Events Caught
In Every County Front Coast to
. Mountain.. Cap.
Fut Hampton in '.'Hall of Fame."
"The fondest hope oz my' life."?
said Col. U. Ri F>rooks, clerk cf the
supreme cc-urt and a distinguished
veteran, "is to sea the statue of
Wade Hampton placed in the hall of
fume in Washington. John C. Cal
houn represents the civic side of
South Carolina and Gen. Hampton
represents the military side."
Col. Brooks thinks the statue
should be .placed by the State legis
lature through an appropriation.
In speaking of the statue Col.
Brooks said: "Let me say a word re
garding rhe greatest \of later day
Carolinians. I want to see his statue
in the hall of fame at Washington.
While the State has; already dis
charged, in part, her debt of grati
tude to him by building a monument
on the State house grounds, there is
yet something more to be done. In
the hall of Fame at Washington each
State is entitled to'place statues-to
two Of its most "distinguished dead.
One of the two niches assigned to
South Carolina has been filled with
the statue of 'her greatest statesman.
John C. Calhoun. New, I would sug
gest, and urge it upon the legislature
of the State that the other niche be
given to Wade Hampton, South Car
olina's most distinguished soldier.
His ?-tatu?, more than that of any
other, is entitled -to the place. His
effigy would be a fit compauion piece
to that of * Virginia's, peerless sol
dier, the immortal Lee."
Colored Boy's Sister Roba Him.
John Taylor, a ten-year-old negro
boy from Anderson, who was ar
rested in Atlanta Wednesday morn
ing on charge of appropriating a
bicycle, secured the sympathy of the
court by a marvelous; tale of lost
John declares that he came from
Anderson to Atlanta on last Thurs
day. He was accompanied by his sis
ter -and they had with them nearly
$1,500, which they had found in a
trunk in their home several months
ago on the death of their father.
John says that both:.his father and
mother worked" all,-their lives and
saved their money. When the money
was found;- so he claims, his sister
gave him $500, but on their arrival,
there, she told 'him to.turn the money'"
over to her so that she might put it
in the bank.
The sister went to the "bank" and
never returned-since'that time John
has been sleeping in wagon yards and
Recorder Pro Tem Preston ordered
the boy to the Carrie Steel Orphan
home, while Probation Officer Gleer
investigated his story.
3,000,000 Pounds Less Tobacco Sold.
As a result of the heavy rains
which caused a late season in the Pee
Dee section of the State, .over 3,000,
000 pounds represents Jhif decrease in
sales for the first month of the to
bacco market, according to a report
issued for July by'the State Depart
ment of Agriculture." The total sales
for July on the floors of 26 ware
houses in 13 markets were 2,344,780
pounds, which was sold for $119,
639.89. The total sales for July of
last year were 5,337,474, which was
valued at $237,876.95.
There are 26 warehouses in the
State, located at Conway, Darling
ton, Dillon, Florence, Kdnstroe, Lake
City, Latta, Loris, Manning, Manion,
Mullins, f Nichols, Timmonsville.
There was a decrease of two in the
number of warehouses.
The largest number of pounds to
be sold was at Lake City, there being
511,290 pounds placed on the market
for $23,124.60. Although there were
nearly 100,000 more pounds sold at
Lake City than at Timmonsville, the
value of the Timmonsville sales were
over $2,000 greater.
An Interesting Discussion.
In view pf recent. arrests on the
authority of the Act of the General
Assembly, passed at the 1910 session
of-the- General Assembly, making it
a misdemeanor to issue a check With
no funds in the bank, there has arisen
some interesting discussion among the.
legal talent with regard to the con
struction of the Act. Some seem to
think that a man has thirty days to
make the oheck good
Colored Man Meets Unusual Death.
A negro sawyer, Joe Singleton,
was killedi in -aj? unusual and horri
ble manner at a saw mill in Sumter
on Monday morning. He was running
what is known as a "rip-saw" and
while in the act of sawing off the
edge of a board, the strip was thrown
back, striking Singleton ??: in - the eye.
penetrating into his head, and coming
out on the side.
Singleton was' hurried to the Sum
ter Hospital where an operation was
performed in the hopes of saving his
life, but he" died within a few
minutes after the operation.
Miss Tillman Goes Abroad.
Miss Ix>na Tillman, daughter of
Senator Ben Tillman, left on the
Lapland of the Red Star Line, Satur
day to join friends in Munich and
spend several months abroad.
"My father is greatly ^improved, "
Miss Tillman said, "and, although
he is not as strong as we would like
to see him, he is able to walk and
to work on the farm from daylight
till dark. He has gone in for farming
and is crazy about it, and would
lots rather farm than play polities""
Earl's Death of Concern in S. 0.
Augustus Arthur Percival, eighth
earl of Egmont, died ?last week in
London. He was born in 1856.
Before succeeding to the title of
the Earl of Egmont, he was *in such
financial straits that for several
years he corned his living as a mem
ber of a London fire brigade. He
was the caretaker of the Chelseatown
hall, when the death of a distant
cousin gave him the earldom. In
1881 he married Kate, the daughter
of Warwick Howell, of South Caro
THE NEWS MINUTELY TOLD
The Heart of Happenings Carved
From the Whole Country.
For annoying a womah in a New
Fork subway train, John Clancey, a
telegrapher, was committed to tihe
workhouse for six months by Magis
trate Breen, in Mis West Side Court.
ApipMcamion of the ."grandfather
clause" was made for the first time
in a gas franchise election a;t West
ville, Okla., and it .proved to be hard
on tb? negroes. Only three of 100
negroes passed the educational test
w-hioh the clause requires, the elec
tion judges reported.
The tax returns for Georgia when
complete will show a gain of $40,
000.000 for the year.
. Under on agreement of attorneys
the Porter Charlton case has been
po.stpoc_ed until September 20.
Turner Browning, aged 115, accord
ing to most authentic records, died ai
Durham, N. C.
The Alabama divisi?n of'the Na
tior "led Cross bas been .organized
w?... ^ov. B. B. Comer as presi
Tyrus Cobb, the base ball idol,' is
valued at $50,000 by the managers of
the-Detroit team, with which he plays
under the usual contract.
Advices from Costa R,ica say there
was a severe fliurricane Last week
on the Atlantic Coast, destroying a
million banana trees, worth more than
$1,000,000 and belonging principally
to tihe United Fruit Company,
j Robert Tii'it Payne, president of
the American Peace Society and
widely known as a philanthropist,
died at his home at Waltham, Mass.
AU franks and half-rate certificates
have been called in by the Postad and
West om Union Telegraph Companies.
Governor Patterson, of Tennessee,
has commuted the sentence of Mar
cellus Reinhart, the Montgomery
county Night Rider, to life imprison
ment. Rednhart was convicted of the
murder of Rufos Hunter and sen
tenced to death.
About 15 additional day schools
have been established in various
parts of the country since July 1 a/nd
half a dozen more will be organized
before the fall term begins. State
and county officials are being urged
to open tihe white schools to the In
Children in play poured water down
the throat of Ralph, the 4-year-olc
son of J. A. Juan, of Calmar, Iowa,
and the little fellow only lived an
hour. The water went into his lung?
and he was drowned.
Duriug the month of July 52,727
citizens of foreign lands entered the
port of New York and of this number
the Ellis Island records class 12,
985 os illiterate. The number bar
red was 1,127. The imndgranfe
brought $1,537,794 in money.
Material reductions are made in
the freight rates on cottonseed from
points on the Central of Georgia
Railroad, and Jacksonville, Fla,, bj
order of the Inter-State commerce
Commission in connection with a de
cision handed down in the case ol
the Florida Cotton Oil Company
against the Central of Georgia Rail
road and other carriers.
Only 30 generals of the Confederate
forces, one lieutenant geenrol, foui
major generals and 25 brigadier gen
erals now survive, according to e
statement by Gen. Marcus J. Wright,
who has been an agent for the wai
department in the collection of mili
tary records since 1872. .
Further competition with the Vir
ginia-Carolina Chemical Company in
Columbia, S. C.', territory is promised
tihrough the commissioning of tho
Congaree Fertilizer Company with
an initial capitalization of $100,000
to build a large mill at Columbia.
Mrs. John Hanan, a well-known
society woman, of New York, frankly
admits that she was in the Narra
gansett Club on the occasion 'of \the
anti-gambling raid Sunday, and
she is1 the only person yet found
who hos admitted os much.
For the first four months of the
fiscal year Canada's revenue shows
an increase of $5,600,000 over th?
same period 'last year.
Cavalieri, as she remained on the
stage, an Italiau, and of lowly origin,
is declared the most beautiful of
present day singers. Only 12 years
ago she worked for a small pittance
folding papers in a printing office in
the city of Rome. S'he married mil
lionaire Chanler of New York.
The Allegheny County, Maryland,
Commissioners made the first .".ward
under the new Miners' Relief law.
which originated with former State
Senator David J. Lewis, to Mrs. Eliz
abeth Hosken, widow of James Hos
ken, who was killed in Mine No. 7 of
the Consolidation Coal Company, Maj
13 last. She received $1,500.
Expert engineers have recommend
ed to the Italian Government tihat the
famous loaning tower of Pisa be
torn down and re-erected on a bette*
foundation. The tower was built in
1154. It is of white marble, 188
feet in height. The inclination from
the top to tihe base is 16 feet.
Joe Gant, better known as Jo?
Gans, ?he retired fighter who was'
once chaimipion light-weight pugilist
of the world, died at Baltimore of
tuberculosis at the home of his foster
parents. The old master of the bat
tling game went gamely to his fate.
G?ns was conscious until naif an
hour before he died. The ex
champdon spoke his last words to
Kid North, the California fighter,
who ?helped condition him for most
of his championship battles.
Mr. F. E. Varnedoe. a prominent
planter residing near Cordell, Ga?,
is exhibiting several ears of corn that
measure 17 inches in length, and are
The man who, in 1860, stampeded
the National Republican convention
for Abraham Lincoln bv bolting the
caucus after the New York delega
tion 'had pledged to cast its vote foi
William H. Seward, is dead. John B.
Allen passed away at the ?home of
this daughter, Mrs. J. H. Travers,
Mount "Vernon, Tuesday, at the age
of 96. ;
FAMILY DIE AT AGE OF 29.
Strange Coincidence That Followed
Tenth Georgia Victim.
Atlanta, Ga., 'Special.-Frederick
W. Cooper died here Friday, his
death being remarkable been use 'it
occurred in his twenty-ninth year.
That was the. age at which hi3
father anni eight of his father's broth
ers all died. Illness, and not acci
dents, were the cause of these
dearths. Cooper became uneasy as
Iiis 'twenty-ninth year approached ?ts
half way mai'k, a presentment seem
ed to come to him and he said. ?A-ea?
ing of/his thiriieth birthday next
"If I con oo'.v live until then, why,
I'll live lc be a thousand "
A ?hort 'time ago when Cooper was
taken sick with typhoid, the inevi
table brooding over the fate of his
father -and his uncles 'hastened the
progress of the disease. He died
wihile his near relatives were too far
away -to be summoned to his bedside.
His mother, Mrs. M. J. Cooper,
has returned from Europe on the
steamer St. Paul, landing in New
York, and his sitser, Miss Katherine
Cooper, is in Paris. Cooper was
prominent ?here, a member cf the
Capitol City Club and connected with
a large cotton firm. He was born in
Saloons For Bluefields.
Bluefield, W. Va., Special.-By a
vote of 3 to 2 the State supreme
oe wi at Charleston decided that
Bluefield shall have saloons. The
case went up on appeal from the
county court which refused to grant
saloon licenses although the city
authorities had granted them.
Criticises Northern Negro.
Washington, Special. - "Thirty
cents" is what W. E. Stewart, a
negro financial agent of the Arkan
sas- Baptist College, at Little Rock,
Ark., said he had gotten from an
appeal to the Colored Preachers' Alli
ance of Washington, for assistance
for lus college. Stewart came to
Washington, it is said, to attend the
memorial services for Rev. George
W. Lee, pastor of a Vermont avtnue
church, and duning a meeting of ne
gro preachers was asked to make a
speech. He told of tho condition of
the negro race in the South and said
the negro 'had many white friends
there, as in the North. He protested
against 'negroes condemning Southern
white people because of sporadic in
cidents like the recent lynchings at
Palestine, Texas. He concluded with
bis, appeai for funds for his college.
"My appeal resulted in a donation
of 30 cents," Stewart said. "If this
is a measure of the sympathy felt
by the negroes of the North for the
negroes of the South, I say they had
better attend to their own business
instead of sending telegrams to Gov
ernors and sheriffs of the Southern
States expressing their indignation at
the lynching of negroes. Their reso
lutions of sympathy are meaningless
to us." IV .
Railroad Employees as Talkers.
Chicago, Special.-Passengers trav
eling over many of the leading rail
road systems soon may be entertain
ed en route by dissertations from the
conductors and other train employes
on the advantages to be derived from
allowing the roads to advance freight
rates, if the advice of prominent rail
way executives to their employes is
A pamphlet is circulating now
among the 40,000 employes of the
Illinois Central to study the railroad
qufstion and disouss among them
selves until they are thoroughly con
versant with the actual conditions
.from the financial viewpoint. Hav
ing done this each employe is urged
to try to convert during the course
of a year three or four men wi o are
now opposed to the railroads.
Rate Advance on Stock Suspended.
advances in the freight rate ol! live
stock of 21-4 cents a hundred pounds
between Missouri river and Missis
sippi river points which wer?: to
have become effective August 15, will
be suspended pending an inquiry by
the interstate commerce commission
into the reasonableness of the in
Collar Stay Causes Big Fire.
Portland, Ore., Special.-The little
device utilized by women to hold up
their lace collars-ra piece of cellu
loid about two inches long, and a
quarter of an inch wide, worth five
cents the half dozen-cost the Unit
ed States Laundry Company a fire
loss here of $90,000 and imperiled
200 laundry workers.
The collar stay had been left un
noticed in a woman's waist, which,
with hundreds of similar garments,
had been placed in the dryroom in the
basement. The waist was hung! close
to the super-heated pipes that lined
the room. Suddenly the celluloid ex
ploded and the room was in flams,
Immigrants Pouring Into America.
er-General of Immigration Keefe has
made public a statement of the immi
grant aliens admitted into the United
States during the fiscal year er-ded
Junfc 30 las*? arranged according to
The largest number from any one
country were natives.of the south of
Italy, of whom 192,673 were admit
ted, in addition to 30,780 from North
Population of a Few Cities.
Washington, Special.-Camden, N.
J., has a population of 94,538, ac
cording to figures issued by the
Census Bureau. . This is an increase
of 18,603, or 24.5 per cent, over 1900.
Evansville, Ind., has a population
of 69,647, an increase of 10,640, or
18 per cent, over 1900.
The 'population of Akron, Ohio, is
69,067, an increase of 26,339, or.
61.6 per cent, over 1900.
Colorado Springs, Col., bas a popu
lation of 29,078, an increase of 7,- ?
993, or 37.9 per cent, over 1900. J
Interesting News Gathered ?a
the District of ?oiumbia.
THE AMERICAN CONGRESS.
Personal Incidents and Important
Happenings of National Import
Published for the Pleasure and In
formation of Newspaper Beaders.
Child Labor Law a Success. v
The successful operation of the
District's Child Labor law is indi
carte d dn a report made by Girarles C.
Estes, a police officer, who was de
tailed to supervise the enforcement'
of the law. . He say? that, there ba?
been very little trouble resulting
from the law, and that under its pro
visions advancement has been made*
130 business firms having disoontiira
3d -the employment of children under
16 years of age. Records quoted sn
the report show 377 places of busi
ness employing 510 children under 16
during the year ending July 1.
Newsboys ' badges were issued to ly .
987 lads, and onily 18 boys were'ar
rested for selling things on the 'street
after 10 o'clock P. M., in violation,
of the law.
"We had little or no trouble wi?h>
the boys selling papers" on the street
after 10 o'clock at night," Mr,
Estes reported, ? ''and no trouble at ail
with r ''6 coming and going into
Union Members Request Union LabeL
Central Labor Union members i are
making a canvass of Washington\ for
the purpose of inducing, merchants to
carry in stock goods and merchandise
bearing the union label. The work
is said to be preliminary to plans
to be followed by a committee, which
will be appwnted later.
First Postal Bank in Washington.
The first postal savings bank wiB 1
probably be established in Washing
ton, where ii will have the close su
pervision of the Board of Trustees
of the Postal Savings Banks System,
composed of the Posfeaster-GeneraL
Attorney-General and Secretary of
the Treasury. ; . I
Successful Battle Against .Boll Werfl.
Washington, Special.-The efforts
of 'the department of agriculture ai-.
Washington, supplemented by thee*
of the State departments, in the line
of destroying the boll-weevil, have be-^
gun to bear substantial fruit, accord
ing to the census reports of the cot
ton crop. .
"Especially favorable condition?
have existed during the last three
years in Georgia and the two Caro
liirjas," says the census report. The
crop of 1909 in the entire country
was 24.1 less than that of 1908,;
while the dec:-ease'in the three States
named was only 6.3 per cent.
Carlisle's Estate Worth $90,000.
Washington, Special.-The will of
John G. Carlisle, former secretary of
the treasury, was filed here for pro
bate. To his grandchildren, John (J.
Carlisle, Jr., and Jane Carlisle Al
len, of New York city, and Laura
Carlisle Pitkin, of New Haven, Conn.,
is left his real and personal property
to be divided share and share alike.
The estaiteVs valued at approximately
India Can't Grow Fine Cotton.
Washington, Special.-Difficulty is
experienced by cotton growers in Li
dia with both staple and yield. Many
experiments have been made with the
object of improving both, reports
Consul E. Baldemon Dennison, of
Bombay, but thus far with indiffer
ent success. Egyptian and other ex
otic varieties have been introduced
from time ' 'to time, but the results
have not been 'encouraging.
The Size of a Loaf of Bread.
The size of the loaf of bread the
baker in Chicago bakes is to be pass- .
ed upon by the Supreme Court of
the United States. A case involving
?the question of the validity iof a
Chicago city ordinance regulating the
size and weight of a loaf of bread
offered for sale in Chicago 'has been
docketed in the Supreme Court.
It will come up for consid?ration
in the course of a year and a half
World-Wide Movement Dead.
Former President Roosevelt's pro
position to make conservation a
world-wi de movement by a confer
ence of nations is pronounced official
ly by the State Department to be
Of the 49 governments reported
diplomatically in Washington which
were invited just before the former
President went oui r? office to join
the movement, only 19 have repKed.
The answers of some of the govern
ments were of suoh a disinterested
character that it was officially de
cided to carry the proposals no fur
$3,500,000 for Land.
Tenders hove been opened at the
Capitol for the purchase by the Gov
ernment of the land lying between
the Capitol and the Union Station
for which the Government has al
ready appropriated $500,000 as tile
first year's payment and for which
it expects to pay about $3,500,000
From $2 to $5 a square foot has
The New Safety Appliance Law.
Af ter July 1, 1911, it shall be un
lawful for any common carrier en
gaged in inter-state'commerce to al
low to be hauled over its lines any
car not equipped with the appliances
urovided for in thc new law.
All cars must be equipped with
secure sill steps and efficient hand
All oars requiring secure ladders
and secure running boards must be
equipped with secure ?iandrails tar
grabirous on their roofs at the tops
of the ladders,''