Newspaper Page Text
Oldest Newspaper ^South Carolina.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY? NOVEMBER 2,1910
ESSAY THAT 1
lar Prize For Wi
The essential thin? in tlie raising
of corn is the soil. The soil should
he thoroughly incorporated with
"hnraua" or partly decayed vegeta
ble matter which keeps the land in
a loose, loamy condition, helps ab
sorb and retain moisture and also
N keeps the land from washing. As
\ to the preparation of the land wo
do not think excessive deep plough
' - ing is. necessary-"humus" being
-more essential than deep ploughing.
Judging from my experience this
year I am more convinced that it is
; the condition of the soil and not
the deep ploughing that makes the
My land had not been broken in
eighteen months and when I went
in there in April it was about knee
high in wild oats, clover and vetch
which were very difficult to turn
\ under even with two strong mules.
Also harrowing thoroughly did
'pot break up the large grass turfs.
&. intended planting my corn on the
fevel considering the lowness of the
land, but on account of the rough
ness was compelled to list or bed it
out which was done with ordinary
- plough not so very deep.
It was not bedded out to get it
deep but merely to get a clean seed
bed. As to the fertilizers, I applied
about five hundred and fifty pounds
of the low grade 8-si-l? under it at
first which was mixed with the soil
by running a scooter with a heel
As you will see the above?fertili
zer contains very little ammonia
which I now think was unnecessary
at that time as the soil was full of
humus, the season wet, and the
growth very rapid. I used Garricks
/prolific f.'ora seed grown in the
.: Neighborhood. They were'--drilled
by hand ;o . insure a good stand.
";jl W^???? A?as~ ?>vat?t?itrt ; ?u>:
row ou either side and the bed
knocked off with jja board. Before
the corn was up good I ran a center
furrow with a scooter. As soon as
it wa? up good a five tooth cultiva
tor was run around it. My rows
were about four feet apart and my
effort was to leave it about twelve I
inches in the drill which I did by.
chopping it out with a hoe. After
hoeing and thinning I ran around it
with a scooter. In about a week I
put two more furrows with half |
shovel or bar wing leaving a balk
about a foot wide. The corn then
was about knee high. Then I ap
plied on the middle about four hun
dred pounds of 8-3;3 and put two
more furrows with half shovel
which still left a small middle of
about three inches which I never
had an opportunity to break out on
account of the rains. After this at I
intervals of about a week I ran
through it twice more with five I
tooth cultivator. At the last culti
vation I applied one hundred and J
=fifty pounds nitrate soda mixed with
one hundred pounds of kanit. Af
ter this the continuous rains kept
the ground in such a wet condition
that further work was impossible.
My results were very good, part of
the land being too wet. Where it
had sufficient drainage I made at
the ratea of ninety bushels per acre.
Now I cannot see where the nitrate
Mail orders j
J. WILLIE LEVY
In the newest
and best things
for Men, women
and children to
wear this fall.
Our ladies ready-to-wear Suits, I
furnishings show the greatest assort
to.wear Goods. We've provided res
their headquarters while shopping in
These are our reception ?a
buy, call and see us and ma I?
THE J. WILL
Si CLUB PRIZE
bl Won Fifteen Dol
iting Best Essay
of soda was of much benefit to my
corn as it seemed to mature it ear
lier than the com on either side
which received none.
Although I did not win a prize,
you will note I only used twelve
hundred pounds of fertilizers and
did very little work but made sev
enty-two bushels. It is a question
with me how close to plant corn for
best results. Is it easier to make
two ears on two stalks on two ears
What the Thorn weil Orphanage
The Thornwell Orphanage is the
property of the Presbyterian Synods
of S. C., Ga., and Florida and is
located at Clinton, S. C. During 35
years it has had a wonderful his
L It has a self-sacrificing Presi
dent, who conceived the idea of the
Orphanage, built it to its tremen
dous proportions, and who served
it all these years without a penny of
2. It has twenty-three buildings
on the "grounds: Cottages, Church,
Library, Museum, Schools, Infirma
ry, Assembly Hall, Kitchen, Laun
3. It has Manual and Collegiate
4. It has 300 children that are
being cared for and educated.
5. It has very little endowment
and need of at least 8150,000.
6. It has a promise of ?5,000 on
condition that wo mise ?20,000 by
the last of the year.
7. It has friends in Darlington
County who gaye #2,000 as their
8. IL had sot" a?iTe lhe 9th day of
-Dec. as Thornwell Orphanage Eu
ri o\vmemTDay, nnrrorrrttiat'Uay' fiax>
men will canvass in your town ii.
tiia interest of the Endowment.
And finally in ' ou we have friends
who will s?e that the badly needed
endowment is raised.
J. B. Branch,
Assistant to the President.
Clinton, S. C.
A kind lady, as she gave a tramp
a large piece of cherry pie, said :
"But have you never made an
effort to get work?"
"Oh, yes, ma'am," said the
tramp, balancing the pie skillfully
so that none of its contents spilled.
"Oh, yes, ma'am. I got work for
three members of my family last
week, but none of them would take
Pat: "An' phwat the devil is a
Mike: "Whist! Ut's a fryin' pan
.what's got into society."-Boston
For Rent: My five-horse farm
three miles north of Meeting Street
on the Ninety-Six road. Apply to
Mrs. M. Kate Mims or E. J. Mims,
Edgefield, S. C.
CO., of Augusta,
tu mn opening
Suits and Over
coats for men
and boys. Not
only the best but
the most of the
Raincoats, Shirts, Shirtwaists and
meat of High-class women's Ready
t rooms for ladies to rest and make
the city. We want you to use them.
y8. Even if you don't want to
? this your headquarters in
I? LEVY CO.,
ROTATION OF C30PS.
Timely Article Published in
The Progressive Farsner
Concerning Proper Ro
tation cr Cor:?
Throughout a largo aroa ol the
Colton Bolt thor? will h?' praeti
'cally no top crop. Hence if the
supply of labor permits, many :\
held will bo cleared ot' cort?n at an
early date. This early removal ol
cotton permits a greater range of
choice as to thc best crop tb grow
next year where cotton grew this
If we were asked to irvine what
might be called a standard rotation
for the cotton states it would u-ad
First year, cotton.
Second year, corn with cowpeas
between the rows.
Third yeai", oats followed by cow
Fourth year, cotton.
This gives half of tho land in
cotton, and is general!;, recognized
as a very practical plan. The chief'
reason why cotton is here followed
by corn lies in the fact that corn is
easily removed, whatever the char
acter of the season, in time for the
planting of fall oats, while Cotton
usua'ly occupies the land too late
for the best growth of oats.
However, the exceptionally early
date at which mauy fields this year
will be free of cotton makes it pos
sible to construct a rotation just as
good or better than the above be
having oats instead of corn to fol
As between the two crop?, the ad
vantage ot' the .-mall grain iies large
ly in the fact that it ?vtiuiris the
expenditure of less lab >r per acre
than does the growth of corn, li-nc*,
thc larmer in a locality where labor
is scarce or growing scarce! ... 1
year by yeai: substitute small grain:
for a part of bis corn. i ?lis by no
means implies that mo pr duerion
of cuni will bu necket-d or C ?
creased. Un thc 01;.. !. . tb?
Condition just nifia:..:.(.ri , * >
every inducement io n.ake'a uia.\.? '
;rqni?.yjeldj>f com On. a mininiup'!
amount i':' land.
An iu'tditional . lyanUj. .
wi) ic ii Ort ts ha v ? iii* comp red will,
con., ;s the fact timi a in ; ... growl!
cf cowpva.^ isi itsuaiij ;;, -.iiK-d ;?;.
sowing these alter otis than b;
planting them h: e i v :v.
this is by no means a uni verrai .nie.
Moreover, the wow peas th in
grown as the cxc?n-dvt ? -.. y. ,
oats, may bu much u-.-- J .. ?o ..
cali;/ harvested than iii os? i i.?
Thc point of this article i-. not to
imply that an acre of oats i* bettci
than acre of corn, bu:, that those
farmers wiro wish to increase .
acreage of oats have this year an
unusual opportunity to cio so.
The error that too m no ' rmei
will fail into ucxi ye tr ; ill be in
planting too larg, an acreage in .
ton. This wili probaoiy ;e espec*
ially fatal at that time, since we
may expect a universal attempt to
produce a large cotton crop in ID L1
induced by lim present high uric;
of the staple.- Ir the atleinpi ii
successful, there H the probabilit:
of lower prices next year than now
prevail. Hence, the wisest policy
is slightly to rea.ice th? aereado in
cotton aud to alteinpi to make ...
least the same number of b.tles by
more intensive cultivation ol int
smaller area, it is none loo early
now to make plans for this reduc
tion, the first atep in which con
sists in putting into profitable use
the poorer acres now in cotton.
This may well be done by sowing
them ia oats, to be followed by any
of the legumes next summer, for
example, by cowpeas or velvet
beans, or soy beans or peanuts.
A publisher once gave the follow
ing: "Woman, the fairest work in
all Ceation. The edition is large,
and no nun should bu without a
Further in regard to the fair sex,
we have: Woman-she needs no
eulogy. She speaks for herself."
"Woman, the bitter half of man."
In regard to matrimony some
bachelor once gave, "Marriage, thc
gate through which the happy lovel
leaves his enchanted ground and
returns to ea tn."
At the marriage ?d' a deaf and
dumb couple some wit wished them
At a 6upper given to a writer of
comedies a way said: ''The writer's
very good health. May he live to
be as old as his jokes."
From a law critic: l'l'h? bondi
and the bar. If it were not for the
bar there would be little use for the
i Z?GEZLELB'S MARKET;
; P.?:pre?-:n?.-.riv'e Citizen Directs
J ?ttertl?oii to TI-? C^r.di'Jon'l,
of Edge?k ci?5 Cotton ' ' !
:- - - J
. ' -.-- . : j ?
Mr. Ediior: j
lt70??:ht bc ;v<rl! for u, lo slop'. .
Lhiuk a litt!*?, ano tl?ati ??e when?
we are'. This netd. not he dorre ?o
j Often aa '.o make us tedious, but- th-v [
j Irado conditions r.rc sr.cL in Edge-]
fioj?' at this.time aa to call for rs
Auction even by those who relied !
on. That c'o?? ; is our money
crop needes no comment. The place
a*berw<|J)e colton w marketed getti
the ii V.S'T^ 4 . ? . J : at thc euee*; paid foi
that coi; . Furthtfjrrao??? any
place that ha* a gobtfJcoU .%niark$:
has a better ort?rr&inity to: ?eil
goods at a pr?h]te$b?n whore-:the
market is not so go?d.' The farmor
may 5nd ii to his advantage to sell
his cotton ac a titr?rent .owu from
the one i:i which bi' bought bis sap
pho and borrowed his money to
. aid i!iJ probabil
ities are that he will go to the bot
ter cotton market to buy his sup
plies and borrow his money to ra?ke
the next. It is good .basj
common sense to trachft^???^
the ?ame (Waco.
How, to the pointe-Have w? fol
gen our share of the lOl^xwUon
crop at Edgefield? Have?e prices
here been such as to iir?f?t'e ! the
farmer to bring his oott?^?feo.'Eige
ti.dd? Less than 3,0U0 b^Jhave
been weighed here so Tar
. .sr--', . . '.v?^ner o:
?tiac.i * .. .J.-.'.I o. <~?".or
Kit? ?inn. r of tit? second
flow o'it?n ?'lo we *CD the ??t?et?ng
i" ?at fanners na .. market w?r.h
uc'&on? Ki . mc nina, Outooev
??t, two '>,..??. ot cotton passed
right." thro tish 1 - >.'..?'.:? "?ju'are a:id
in? lt:. tiXlo.-. v.-rr-? i'?*.'.-.T
r?l?rSi a- .. . h ?tim eui bft
- n g.V crti; .....?,. ' W^-wood
nr. - ,i. !.l. . ??>iper;f> ^ro-.ig else
where. Plenty ot cotton
has gone from D. B. Hollings
worth's -jin to other markets. Why
is ii that we get so little cotton
from beyond Huiet's ('ross roads?
Where has all of that Meeting
Street, Elmwood, and Pleasant
Laue cotton been marketed? And
why has it not been brought to
l?dget?eld? These people buy their
supplies and borrow their money
here and they bring their cotton
here if our market was as good. It
need not be any bcttei-only as
good. Will these L'armera return
next spring to buy groceries, guano,
implements and dry goods or will
they continue to patronize other
towns? Isn't it very logical for
them to burrow their money here
when they lind a better market for
their colton? It might be worth
while to see how the bank deposits
of November 1st, 1000. and Novem
ber 1st, 1U10, compare. Thc result
may not sh??w its full i\?ree until
November 1st, 1911, but it must
ie sooner or latvr, i J : preso:
d::i,m> -v.il. E.
I have my gasoline engine now
instail .(: rt::d am pi up in ii to do all
grinding. Thanking my friends and
patrons for waiting so patiently on
W. R. Parks.
Parksville, & C.
Many Delightful Attentions
""Showered" Upon .Miss
? .One of the pleasantest affairs of
?the past week, was the miscellane
ous shower given Miss Dosia Wertz,
?1Q bride-to-be, by the D. of C., on
Wednesday afternoon. The home of
?irs. Wm. Lee Coleman was thrown
open for the occasion, and was very
attractive with tall vases of red and
white roses, with here and there an
intermingling of the small Confed
erate flags. A very enjoyable pro
gram was arranged,
. Variations, "Old black Joe,"
Vocal solo, "A garden of roses,"
Vocal solo, "Oh, Dosia, my
heart's queen," Mrs. White.
Instrumental solo, "Love's valse,"
In tho corner of the parlor was a
Confederate tent, with floating flags,
tnd Miss Wertz was seated in front
jf this and with red and .white
Streamers drew forth the gifts.
To the strains of Mendelssohn's
wedding march all went out to the
lining hall where refreshments
*ere served. As Miss Wertz entered
the doorway, rice was showered up
on her from a large red bell sus
pended. Toasts were given by Mes
dames Ivy, Cobb Coleman and
W-hite&.Souvenir3 of this happy
c&flpon wero white bells, with "D.
zes m The
V Oafs Contestl
;?' : : <\ \
E. ?. XiTCHII\G
th" vi s S prizo, $10 in gold,
i an aero, and Mr. B. D.
\?iiz?, ?5 in gold, made 52 3-8 j
v C., Oct. 2Glh, '10" in red letters.
The red clappers were filled with
i'ioe which the departing guests
showered upon Miss Wertz.
On Saturday afternoon, Miss
Wertz was given an apron shower)
by Mrs. William Len Coleman and
this occasion v' was happiness
ali merriment. .Miss Wertz was
verv aiuvictiva in a gold tinted
crepe-de-oliine with yoke and trim
ming bf gold sequims.With this she
wore a large plumed velvet hat.
Musical selections with a reading,
"The honey-moon," by Mrs. Cole
man was enjoyed, and all were in
vited by the hostess into the sitting
room, where she said, was some ono
she wished all to meet. There stood
a most life-like figure of "Aunt I
Dinah," whose ample body was
covered with a dusting apron. Miss j
Wertz removed this apron, and
there appeared another, and still
another, until 18 aprons, of every
variety was hers. From here, ali
were seated in the dining hall where I
a salad course with sweets and
coffee served. At each cover, was a
receipt book in white and gold, the
colors of the approaching marriage,
which the guests filled with useful
receipts and presented Miss Wertz j
for future use.
Mrs. Frank Crouch, of Ander
son, is spending some time at the
home of her father, Mr. S. J. Wat
Mr. Will Hoyt, of Asheville, N.
C., is here for a visit.
Mrs. Laura Read3r is quite sick al
her home near town.
The union meeting held with
Dry Creek church on Saturday and
?Sunday was largely attended by
members of the Baptist durch
here. Dr. Dorsett preached the ser
mon on Sunday morning.
Miss Josie Mobley has gone to
Athens, Ga., to attend the marriage
[Continued on page 8}
Fair Brilliant Suc<
The second annual county f
has been held and a new reci
made, a new standard set for Ed:
field. The exhibits were more i
nierons, of greater vari:ty and o
higher class than those of last ye
The people of the county should
very proud of the success that 1
been achieved, and the officers a
managers are entitled to sinc<
thanks and grateful appreciation :
their increasing efforts, which mc
than anything else made the fai;
The weather was ideai throughc
the three days, and the attendai
was highly gratifying to the rm
agement. The gate receipts whi
will five some idea of the inures
in at endancc day by day were
follows: 1st day, ?140.85; 2nd da
S350.50; 3rd day, $513.55. Besid
these amounts, the sum of $111.
was received from the carnival. T
fair association will meet all ct
rent expenses this year but, owii
to the permanent improvemer
made, chiefly the erection of an a
ditional large building, a debt w
be carriid over to next year.
It should be distinctly understo<
that the fair was never intended
bea money making enterprise 1
those who originally took stock
the association. Kot a gingie oflic
receives a penny for his service
Several of Edgefield's busiest rn?
have for several weeks been ne
lecting their private interests in o
der to give their time and attentic
to the fair.
There was one disappointment
the management in connection wii
the fair and that was the carniyt
The aggregation of shows proved
be a disapointment but efforts a
already being made to secureMghi
class carnival for next year.
The music, which was furnishc
by the band engag^?^^iependentl
o? the carnival, was good but vei
Expensive. Some idea of the expel
see of conducting a fair eani.T
gained by the cost of thc b&n<
which was about f'230 for the thrc
The exhibits having been receii
ed and placed in proper position th
afternoon before by thc several su
perintendents, the gates to th
grounds opened Wednesday mon
ing to admit visitors. The feature o
the forenoon was the exhibition o
stock in the arena. At noon Senato
E. 1). Smith delivered a very prac
tical address inhis accustomed vigoi
The automobile parade took plac
in the afternoon.
Five cars in gala attire entere?
the arena, presenting a sight neve
before witnessed in Edge-field. Tb
car of Mr. J. D. Holstein Jr., wa
awarded first prize by the judges
all of whom were non-residents o
the county. Mr. Holstein's car was
beautifully decorated with pink ant
evergreens, with dozens of yarde ol
festooning gracefully draped aboul
it. The young ladies who occupied
the car with the handsome young
driver carried large Japanese um
The car to win the second prize
was owned and driven by Mr. H.
W. Hughes, the popular and effi
cient young cashier of the Bank of
Trenton. This large Rambler was
entirely covered with yellow, the
marvelously beautiful effect of the
whole being heightened by the
scores of large yellow Chrysanthe
mums that adorned, the prominent
parts of the machine. Four lovely
Trenton young ladies occupied the
machine with Mr. Hughes.
Thc car to receive the third prize
was that of Dr. S. A. Morrall, being
occupied by its owner and Mrs.
Frank Miller. The color scheme of
this dainty little car was red and
white, being arranged with wonder
ful taste and skill.
Dr. J. S. Byrd's car was also
very attractively decorated, and
was occupied by Dr. Byrd and Mr.
L. T. May.
The car that entered at the
eleventh hour, too late for elaborate
decorations, was that of Hon. W.
A. Strom driven by his litt.e nine
year-old son, William, accompa
nied by little Miss Ouida Pattison.
The skill with which this little
chauffeur handled his machine
caused both surprise and admiration.
The following is the premium
list for the floral department of the
No. 1. For best eight varieties
one bloom each: First prize, hand
some dresser given by the Edge
field Mercantile Company-Mrs J.
s, Highly Creditable
Second best: handsome rocking
chair given by Ramsey Sc Jones.-*
Mrs. A. B. Broadwater.
Third best, bolt of cloth given by
Beaver Dam Milk-Mrs. Kat?
No. 2. For best three varieties j?
white, one bloom each: First prize,
box octagon soap given by May di
Prescott-Mrs. A. S. Tornows.
Second best, one pair of blanket*
given by J. Hubenstein-Mrs. A?
Third best, fifty pounds of Ome
ga flour given by R. L. Dunovant
-Mrs. W. B. Cogburn.
. No. 3. Finest collection of pink:
First prize, piece of out glass given
by Penn S: Holstein-Mrs. Kate
Mims. -1 '
Second best, fifty pounds floor
given by Bi. L. Dunovant-Miss
, Third best, fifty pounds flour .giv
en by R. L. Dunovant-Mw. R. 8*
No. 4. Finest collection of yellow? -
First prize, ladies' hand bag given
by W. H. Turner-Mrs. Kate
Second best, orange bowl (rivets' j j?
by Lynch drug store-Mrs. J. H.
Third best, fifty pounds of Ome
ga flour given by R. L. Dunovant
-Mrs. \V. B. Cogburn.
No. 5. Greatest number of fine
ones on one plant: One pair of
ladies' Red Cross shoes given by
Rives Bros-Mrs. A. B. Broad
No. 8. Finest single white: Fir?
prize, one sweater given* by W> A%.
Hart-Mrs. T. J. Hunter. ,
Second best, Swift's premium
ham given by H. H. Sande?
Third best, twenty-five pounds ol?
Grandeur flour given by W. W.
Adams & -Co..
No. 7. Finest Bingle yellow: j?iiBtt
prize, one umbrella from Dorn ifs
Mims Mrs. Robert Marsh.
Second best, twenty-five pounds
of Grandeur flour given by W. W.
Adams & Co.
No. 8. Finest single red: First
prize, one picture given by J. W?
Peak-Mrs. A. S. Tompkins.
Second best, twenty-five pounda
of Iris flour given by May & Pres?
cott-Mrs. A. B. Broadwater.
No. 9. Finest single pink: First
prize, one picture given Timmons
drug store-Mrs. A. B. Broadwater
Second best, twenty-five pounda
of Iris flour given by May & Pres
cott-Mrs. Kate Mims.
No. 10. Finest two on one stem:
First prize, pair of vases by M.. A.
Taylor-Mrs. J. H. Allen.
Second best, box of starch given,
by L. E Jackson-Miss Lena Hol
No. ll. Finest single bronze: Ona
pair of scissors given by W. L?
Dunovant-Mrs. A. B. Broadwater.'
No. 12. Finest collection of
roses: Fifty pounds of Iris flour giv
en by May <fc Prescott-Mrs. Em
Second best: 25 pounds of Bella
of Richmond flour given by May. th
Prescott-Mrs. Manly . Timmons.
NO 13. Finest collection of
dahlias: Five pounds Gold Medal
coffee given by Jones & Son--Mn.
Second best: 25 pounds of Bell?
of Richmond flour given by May <$)
Prescott-Mrs. T. J. Turner.
No. 14. Finest Boston fern: First
prize, set of beauty pins given by
Mrs. B. B. Jone/-Mrs. B. Tim
No. 15. Finest Maiden hair fern:
25 pounds Snow Flake flour by
May & Prescott-Mrs. B. Timmons
No. 16. Finest Ostrich plumo
fern: 25 pounds of Snow Flake flour
by May & Prescott-Mrs. Sallie
Second best: 25 pounds of Snow
Flake flour given by May & Pres
cott-Mrs. P. B. Mayson.
No. 17. Prettiest design made ot?
chrysanthemums: 25 pounds of
Snow Flake flour given by May tts
Prescott-Mrs. Sallie Mosely.
J. T. McManus, Supt.
The following were awarded the
blue ribbon and 50c as cash prize.:
Jar of leaf lard, Mrs. D. B. Hol
Ham, Mrs. A. A. Welk_, _
[Continued on page 4]