Newspaper Page Text
ROM the rush and bustle of busy
American city streets, alive at
this season of the year with
Christmas shoppers, back to old
Nuremberg, in Germany, where
the Christmas spirit lasts the
year around,;Where Santa Clau3
spends his working monthB for
the Joy of the world's children
surely the step is not too great
for the imagination nor its goal
uninteresting as a study. Come
out of your crowded streets,
your people-packed stores, leave
off for the time being your
breathless chase after that
troublesome "last present," and
furn into the quiet winding streets, the irregular
hilly passages dovetailed by houses older than any
thing in the oldest parts of the United States.
House rises above house, full of a history as roman
tic as the proudest mansion of our city streets,
and yet marked by a simplicity and single-hearted
ness seldom present in things modern. It is here
.that: the toys axe made, which you buy in your home
across the sea. Here in the quietness of the un
modern, the playthings are invented, and perfected
tor your restless, buoyant children. You read
?."Made in Germany" with a skeptical tilt of the
eyebrow, but the fact remains that by far the
'greater number of all the toys manufactured
come from Nuremberg.
The ancient feudal city, around which cluster
the grim traditions of the inquisition and the
^thrilling epic of the times of Charles V., has for
four hundred years or more been the center of
the children's fairyland, lt" Has been and is-the
nucleus of Christmas happiness for the youth
of every,, place "In the , Occident, and its charm
is the perpetual-one of joj?us-creation which de
lights in planning the amusement of little people.
In the factories they will tell you that 72,000.
000 marks' ($18,000,000) worth bf pleasure is
sent out from Nuremberg every year, and .that
$5,500,000 of this export is for the benefit of
Young America. Only a few years ago all of the
necessary labor for this immense production was
done by hand, and much ol the finishing and fine
last touches- are performed by special artists.
.Even now in the factories the old spirit of an
'almost consecrated enthusiasm lives and is evi
dent in the- interest of the village artisans for
their craft Not merely the reason of bread and
butter gees toward the making Qf those marvel
ous walking dolls, those phenomenal speaking
plctui? books, those thousand and one games that
-have called for all the imaginative as well as
practical genius of these honest German peasant
folk. Rather has their unique industry called for
and developed In them a romance, a sensitiveness
of perception which is remarkable.
Follow the lurching, worn curv?s of the Al
brecht-Durerstrasse, and you come to one of the
many homes of this Nur?mb?rg spirit In a min
iature red-roofed house, wedged in among a hun
dred ?quat brown huts, live two old men-broth
ers, of sixty-five and seventy-whose white
heads are constantly bent over small circles of
?yood-shaping, paring, carving, painting.
All day they sit there, sometime? all night,
toiling over the delicately ornamented dolls'
dishes" which perhaps you have bought, as a small
Insignificant thing, just this afternoon for your
small daughter's tree.
'A*y. ??? .'. ' . .
You looked at them carelessly; they were not
especially original or attractive, and you shoved
them Into, your bag with a half-hesitating accept
ance, thinking that maybe they would please ca
pricious Dorothy. How could you know that back
in the village of Always Christmas old hands, had
fashioned those trivial plates and pitchers, old
eyes had strained with loving anxiety over those
fine traceries of columbine, and old hearts had
warmed over those completed trifles with the
same thrill of the master painter over his best?
But this was true. Indeed, nearly all of the
simple wooden toys are constructed by hand, in
some humble volkshause which goes to make up
the aggregate creative force of Santa Claus'
workshop. Take the tiny sets of soldiers, the
dollys chairs and tables, the painted wooden ani
mals whose realism is a delight to all children,
actual or grown up. These are fashioned in
bornes, sometimes by the efforts of whole fam
ilies, but most oe en by children themselves.
Sixteen is the ag-d limit for child labor in the
factories, but no young person is prohibited from
assisting bis parents at home, provided he spends
the required period of time at school. So that
many of[ those playthings which give most hap
piness to the children of America have been
saade by the children of, Nuremberg. And if
babies must work, wb~.t work could one find for
them more appropriate or more pleasurable than
Nomads of the Cranb
It never fails to surprise tourists
who visit-Cape Cod for the first time
to find this large foreign population,
'^hlch has no parallel anywhere else
In the <:oun*r?- and most of whom
speak little or no English. Many of
the Cap? Verde Islanders are true no
mad? in their visits to the cranberry
country, .arriving in the spring when
. cultivation (on the bogs opens*' and re
Tnalning until the end of the picking
season late :
trip both wi
in the coast
Africa. A ?
can earn frc
enough to ll
not only is
this business of toy
making. They grow
up in the midst of it,
ali their ..hereditary
ideas ar? colored by it,
the history of the city
speaks of it.
Inside of half a doz
en blocks you have
trains, ' up-to-date ho
tels, electricity, motor
cars, Parisian frocks,
primitive carts drawn
by hugs mastiffs, funny
tucked-away inns near
the market place full
of peasant women in
wide black silk aprons
and snowy white caps-crumbly fountains and a
'castle with a secret passage. All thc elements of the
fascinating past and the strangely progressive
present within a stone's throw of each other. The
realization o? all that Nuremberg has been and
has undergone comes to one most vividly as one
stands looking down into the Schloss well 650
feet deep, where prisoners used to come to fetch
water. Underground their passage led from the
dungeons to ".his unlit circular pool, for state pris
oners were never permitted to see the light, and
the hollow splash of the water which the attend
ant drops into the well seems to re-echo, after an
interminable half-minute, the hopeless pilgrim
age of those countless victims of medieval fanat
icism. Such is the potency of- the ended. While
the vitality ol! the occurring emphasizes itself, not
far off, in one of the dozens of toy factories,
whose very machinery whirs modernity, men,
women and children-that is, children over six
teen-are massed into this building, all intent on
the one idea, the creation of better and newer and
more wonderful toys for everyone's children, in
It is seldom the industrial planet can boast of
a broader ambition than this of the craftsmen of
Nuremberg. To bring the greatest possible amount
of pleasure, legitimate and often educative pleas
ure, to growing, active minds Is surely an aim
worthy of the finest art In the world. It even
seems as though the thought back of the toys
should surround them with a deeper meaning as
gifts this Christmastide, since the added gift-the
biggest gift-lies in the patient interested inven
tion and accomplishment of which they are the
As for the inventors, strictly speaking, their
reward seems Infinitesimal according to our stand
ards. The "boss" controls ideas as well as mate
rials of output, and it is chiefly to his profit that
new inventions in toyland redound. The man or
woman who first thinks of or improves upon some
plaything gets a very small per cent, of the in
come from it. To our new world standards of
commerce it seems strange that the originator
should receive: such scant recognition and that
Very, very few Nuremberg toymakers have
ever grown rich over their ingeniousness. It is
true that Ideas as well as toys in Germany sell
for double what they sold for eight years ago,
even! On the other hand the price of living has
gone up appreciably, and what would have seemed
a large purchase price then is only moderate now.
Tb-? staff of artists employed by the Nurem
berg iactory boss is in Itself a not inconsiderable
expense, and many a quiet charity Is undertaken
by these men who at home would be absorbed
in getting rich.. In the shop of Fritz Muller are
er ry Logs
in the autumn, making the
lys in sailing vessels that
during the winter months
.lng trade on the coast of
ikillful cranberry picker
>m $3 to $5 a day, so that
," as these invaders are
within a few years save
ve in affluence in their isl
Under the new conditions
iie picking of the cranber
ries done by the aid of m
other machines separate i
Hark Back to Hist
In the good old days of
ton women had spinning
were encouraged to make I
for their own clothes in
the colony might not hav
to such a great extent u
ports from Great Britain,
ly there were often cont
Common, with prizes o
various small kitchen gardens, carved and painted
by a poor man and his sister after their regular
working hours, and bought by Mr. Muller at high
rates as his pet philanthropy. In this shop, now
100 years old, are seen all of the most novel of
the toy-village playthings. The store was crowded
with rryjre children over thirty than under thir
teen, and absorbed for hours over the clever and
The doll's house of Nuremberg leaves nothing
to be desired. Not only the usual rooms of a con
ventional menage are found in it, but conserva
tories with miniature orchids, fountains and wa
tering cans; school rooms with tiny desks, a
schoolmaster, very stern, with goggles and ruler,
and children in aprons and carrying slates, the
latter "a sixteenth of an inch big; fields of flowers
for the back yard and a swing for the smallest
In all German art, of which toy making is by
nc? means an insignificant department, perfection
of detail has always been the salient feature. Ev
ery phase of home life ls\ reproduced in micro
scopic form in German toyland, even down to the
wee pairs of hand-knitted stockings and sweaters,
the hob-nailed shoes and bjue blouses which make
up the wardrobe of the volks boy and girl.
The tourist season is a second Christmas for
Nuremberg people, and1 they sell as many play
things in the one period as the other. An inter
fc?i!r.? point brought to light by this fact ls the
early differentiation of the American and Euro
pean individuality, which shows itself in choice of
games and pastimes. They say in the shops that
an American child is invariably fascinated over
the mechanical and complicated, that he finds In
tense Interest in mastering the technicalities even
of playing, while the European child likes a sim
pler but brilliantly colored toy, cherishing often a
curious sentiment for traditional objects such as
typify old world conservatism.
They are blessed with imagination, these vil
lage people, and they are not ashamed of show
ing their simplicity of spirit. Their souls are
bound up In the heritage of centuries. The trag
edies of their city's history wind about the toys
they make, breathing into the wood a characteris?
tic vitality-the vitality that comes of centuries
of striving, of centuries of patient achievement
As you sit In a swirl of red ribbon and foamy
paper, "doing up" your Christmas presents, re
member that many of them have come from this
quaint little Village of Always Christmas. It
may add to your holiday happiness to know that
no pleasure which the toys may bring can be
greater than the pleasure of those who made them,
and that no good will of yours can outdo the quiet
sincerity of purpose with which the simple people
of Nuremberg have given their part toward thia
season of the universal gift.
some of the daintiest ladles of the
old days sat down with the humblest
by way of example. Five hundred
Boston girls are now scouring the
country for spinning wheels, and they
will take part In the pageant of 1915.
They have made their own clothes
after the pattern of those worn by
Felicity and Priscilla, in a contest in
Tho hairs of our haeds are num
bered. But then so are the automo
biles and trolley cars.
HUNDRED MILLION SOULS
Population of United States and Pos
sessions 101,100,000-Bounded by
States Number is 91,972,000.
Washington-In the United States
and all of its possessions the Stars
and Stripes protect'101,100,000. This
enormous number is the official esti
mate of the United States Bureau of
the Census, announced'in connection
with the population statistics for the
country as enumerated In the - Thir
teenth Decennial Census. It in
cludes the Philippines, Samoa, Guam,
Hawaii, Alaska and the Panama Canal
--^'Within its borders on the North
American continent, exclusive of
Alaska, the United States has a popu
lation of 91,972,266 inhabitants. Dur
ing the last ten years the States of
the Union had an aggregate increase
in population of 15,977,691, which
amounts .to 21 per cent, over ' 1900
The grand total includes 7,635,426
in the Philippine Islands as enumer
ated in the census there in 1903, and
estimates for the population of. the
Island of Guam, the American pos
sessions in Samoa and persons on
the Panama Canal Zone.
-,The number of persons in the mil
itary and naval service of the United
States stationed abroad and on naval
vessels is 55,608.
The population of the other States,
announcement of which was with
held untii the country's total popula
tion was announced, follows:
Georgia, 2,609,121, an increase of
392,790 or 17.7 per cent, over 2,216,331
Montana, 276,053, an increase of
432,724; or 54.5 over 243,329 in 1900.
. 'Washington, 1,141,990, an ipcre^se
of 623,887, cr 120.4 per cent, over 518;
103 in 1900.
Wisconsin, 2,33,860, an increase of
264,818, or 12.7 per cent, over 2,096,
042 in 190Q.
State of Wyoming 145,965, an in
crease of 53,434, or 57.7 per cent, over
92,531 in 1900. The increase from
1890 to 1900 was 31,826 or 52.4 per
The territory of Alaska 64,356, an
increase of 764, or 1.2 per cent, over
63,592 in 1900. The increase from
1890 to 1900 wasi\ 31,540 or 98.4 per
The Hawaiian Islands 191,909, an
increase of 37,908, or 24.6 per cent,
over 14,001 in 1900.
. The States in their respective rank,
according to population, are:
New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois,
Ohio, Texas, Massachusetts, Missouri,
Michigan, Indiana, Georgia, New Jer
sey, California, Wisconsin, Kentucky,
Iowa, North Carolina, Tennessee, Ala
bama, Minnesota, Virginia, Mississip
pi, Kansas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Ar
kansas, South Carolina, Maryland,
West Virginia, Nebraska, Washing
ton, Porto Rico, Connecticut, Colo
rado, Florida, Maine, Oregon, South
I Dakota, North Dakota, Rhode Island,
New Hampshire, Montana, Utah, Ver
mont, District of Columbia, New
Mexico, Idaho, Arizona, Delaware, Ha
waii, Wyoming, Nevada and Alaska.
Corrected figures issued by the
census of??ce this morning give the
State of New York's population as
9,113,614, increase 1,844,720, or 25.4
per centj Florida, 752,619, increase
224,077, or 42.4 per cent, and Mary
land, 1,295,346, increase 107,302, or
9.0 per cent.
Unquestionably it will be necessary
to alter the basis of rperesentation in
Congress. At the present ratio of
194,000 people to each member of the
House of Representatives the House
would contain about 474 members, as
against 392 at present. It is the gen
eral belief that this number would be
unwieldly. Even at the rate of 220,
000 as a basis the House would con
r.ain 418 members, an increase ol
Black Rat Bites Sleeping Man.
Atlanta, Ga.-Bitten in the center
of his forehead by a black rat more
than a week ago, Thomas V. Black
shear, a first year medical student is
in a serious condition at a local hos
pital. The case is one of the oddest
known to the physicians of Atlanta.
Blackshear was bitten while he was
lying asleep. He and his room mate
killed the rodent. A hole as large as
a dollar marks the place where the
poisoned flesh was cut from the
Chickens at $200 Each.
New Orleans-Poultry at two hun
dred dollars per head was the unusual
quotation announced at an exhibition
of chickens here under the auspices
of the Southern Poultry Association.
According to the announcement of the
management of the show, the value of
the birds to be brought from every
section of the country amount to
thousands of dollars. It is claimed that
the most complete assembling of
poultry ever known in the South will
Crop of 11,426,000 Bales.
Washington-The total production
ol! cotton in the United States for
the season of 1910-11 will amount to
5,464,597,000 pounds (not including
lmters(, which is equivalent to ll,
426,000 bales of 500 pounds gross
weight, is the estimate of the crop
reporting board of the United States
Department of Agriculture. The 1909
crop was 10,404,949 bales and the
1908 crop was 13,587,306 bales. Many
cotton experts differ with these esti
Live Lizzards in Girl's Stomach.
Cleveland, O-A live lizard, six
inches in length, and the head of an
other lizard was discovered in the
stomach of Miss Lovie Herman, 19
years old, who died at her home.
Miss Herman had been ill for a
year from a disease which had puz
zled many specialists.
The family formerly lived near Mil
lersburg, O., and drank spring water.
It is supposed the girl swallowed the
lizards when small , while drinking
and that they gradually grew and
Stranger-Is this the nursery?
Host-No; that's the bawl?room.
"You are charged with vagrancy,
prisoner at the bar."
"What's dat, judge?"
"Vagrancy? Why, you have no visi
ble means of support."
"Huh! Heah's mah wife, judge;
Mary, is you visible."
No matter how long your neck may be
or how sore your throat, Hamlins Wizard
Oil will cure it surely and quickly. It
drives out all soreness and inf, amma lion.
Steal a march on your enemy by ad
mitting you were in the wrong before
he finds it out.
"I would rather preserve the health
of a nation than be ita ruler."-MTJJ?
Thousands of peop'e who are suffering
with colds are about today. Tomorrow
they may be prostrated with penumonia.
An ounce of prevention is worth a pound
of cure. . Get a 25 cent bottle of Mun
yon's Cold Cure at the nearest drug
store. This bottle may be conveniently
carried in the vest pocket. If, you are
not aatisfied with the effects of the rem
edy, send us your empty bottle and we
will refund your money.* Munvon's Cold
Cure will speedily break up all forms of
colds and prevent grippe and pneumonia.
It checks discharges of the nose and eyes,
stops sneezing, allays inflammation and
fever, and tones up the system.
If you need Medical Adrice, write to
Munvon's Doctors. They will carefully
diagnose your i case ana advise you by
mail, absolutely free.
Prof. Munyon, 53d and Jefferson streets,
your Invention. Free prelimin
ary search. Booklet irec. MILO
_ H. BTKVHN8 A CO., Ksiab. IS?,
S?3 14th 31.. Washington: ??BO Dearborn St, Chicago.
Watson E. Coleinnn,Wasta
ington.D.C BookHlA*. High- j
est refcrecces. Best rteulta.
W. N. U., CHARLOTTE, NO. 51-1910.
ALCOHOL-3 PER CENT
AVegetable Preparation for As
similating the Food and Regula
ting the Stomachs and Bowels of
For Infants and Childrens
The Kind You Have
INFAS^S'/CHILI) R ? N
ness and Rest.Confains neither
Opium .Morphine nor Mineral
NOT NARC OTIC.
Ptxipt of Old DrS?MELP/T?ffER
fttmpfti'n Sitd' '
/tlxStnn* <. ' '
Kochtllc Salts .)
J-t ill Sftd *
Horm Sad -
C?arifitd Suyar :
: Winttryntn. Flavor. . 1
A perfect Remedy for Constipa
tion . Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea,
Worms .Cpnvulsions .Feverish
ness and LOSS OF, SLEEP.
Tac Simile Stgnature_of
TKE CENTAUR COMPANYS
:A 16 rn o nth S;*oId,u
^Guaranteed jinder the Foodanj)
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
THC 0SSJTMM9 soamiT, a nt TO RX om.
THE Fampu? \ ?/iv, ?'f; (_y ; ">
??I ?|^^^/?* : ;/, ||
The Rayo Lamp is a high grade lamp, sold at a low pnce.
Thero are lamps that cost more, bat there ls no better lamp made at any
price. Constructed of solid brass; nickel plated-easily kept clean; an
orna mont to any room in any house. There 1 s nothing known to the art
of lamp-making that can add to the value- of tho RAYO Lamp as a light
(riving device Every dealer everywhere. If not at yours, write lor
descriptive circular to tho nearest agency of the
STANDARD OIL COMPANY (Incorporated)
W. Ii. DOUGLAS
*3.00 *3.50&*4.00 SHOES ??5oB!IK
SHOES, $2.00, $2.50 AND $3.00.
Tho benefit* of froo hides,
which apply principally
to solo leather, and tho
reduced tariff en aele
leather, now enables mo
to give fha wearer moro
value for hla money, bat
tor and longer wearing
$3, $3. BO and $4 abos*
than I could give him pro
BEST IN THC WORLD.
If I could take yon Into my
largo factories at Brockton,
Mass., and show you how.care
fully W. L. Douglas shoes are
mode, thc superior workmanship
and the high grade leathers used,
you would then understand why
D oil ar f? >T Dol I ar IO u aran tee
My Shoes to hold their shape,
look and fit better and wear
longer than any other $3.00, $3.50
or $1.00 shoes you can buy.
Do yon realize that my shoes bare been the standard for ovo r 30
years ; that I make and soil more S3.0C ?3.50 and $4.00 shoes than
any other manufacturer in the United States ? Quality counts.
It bas made-W. L. Douglas shoes a household word everywhere,
CAUTION ! na^sa?S?^iub?TAKE NO SUBSTITUTE
If your dealer cannot supply you with W. L. Douglas .Shoe?, write for Mail Order Catalog.
" UOt ULAS, KOSpurk?l. ~
Will Keep Your
soft as a glove
tough as a wire
black as a coal
Sold by Dualer? Evarywhera
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
THE ALL-AROUND OIL
IN THE HANDY. EVER-READY T?N OILER \
ls specially selected for any need In the
home. Saves tools from rusting. Can can
not break. Does not gum or become rancid.
STANDARD Ott COMPANY
Can bo handled very easily. The sick arc cured, and all others li
i same ?table, no matter how "eipoied,"'kentrf rpni haying tho du
tease, by using BFOHNB LIQU?? DISTEMPER CURE. Olve ot
stbe tongue, or la feed. Ac? on the blood and expels genet ot
all form? of distemper. Best remedy evor known formares In foal
?One bottlo guaranteed to cure one cue. 60c an* tl a bottle; ii an:
110 dozen of druggist? and harnea dealers, or sent express paid ; |
manufacturera. Cut show? how to poultice throats. Our flo?
Booklet gives everything. Local agents wanted. Largest selling
__ _ horse remedy In existence-twelve years.
.POHN MEDICAL CO.t ChtHiiuaadBsrtcrMo?Uu, Ccslierit Ind.* Us St A?