Newspaper Page Text
Oldest Paper in Sonta Carolina.
Edgefield, S. C.
1 Even $10,000,000, wojth of peace la
I Money talks, but lt will have to do
non than that If it Insures peace.
Every little while nobe ly's seismo
graph is recording an ; i ar th quak a
Every-year this world- drinks 1,250,
000.000 pounds of tea.* That seem?
Whenever the dressmakers think of
other outrageous spring styles they let
That latest earth shock might be
traced to the militarists bringring up
their heavy artillery.
Still, feeding children on two cents
a day and making them like it are two
If we must have so many warships
why not get Mr. Edison to make a few
with his cement molds?
Now Peru and Bolivia are disagree
ing. What South America needs ls a
fight and revolt antitoxin.
If motion pictures are to aid the in
sane they should not be associated
with nickel-theater ventilation.
When a cold wave hits New York
there are noses sympathetically red in
Weehawken, Hoboken and Hacken
If all the New England hunting
stories are true the abundance of ven
ison should bring down the price of
No objection Is h-?ard from the
young men of the family to the new
tad of employing young women chauf
A ninety-three-year-olcl man has been
left a fortune but refuses to give up
.his job. He knows what has kept
The Courier-Journal sotes the flne
diflerence between the words "died"
?nd "passed away" as c.pplied to bank
It was a stroke of genius which
made the census taking precede the
opening of the shooting season for
Chicago highwaymen carried a vic
tim three miles to rob him. That
most constitute a violation of the
interstate commerce law.
A new i lill ion-dollar apartment
house in New York is to have a kin
dergarten, hospital and skating rink.
13l? three don't go badly together. ^
Mrs. Russell Sage ls going to build
a model tow i for 1,500 model families
near New York. But she may have to
So ont of New York-to find her ten
When aerial freight transportation
begins to become a fact, we shall hear
some railroad men arguing that there
is not enough air for the success of
An Iowa judge granted a divorce to
a man whose wife liked cigarettes bet
ter than she did him. Must have been
awfully good, cigarettes or a pretty
' New York walters are opposed to
the institution of the Bertillon system,
.*r>*i the public will stand by them so
far as pertains to thumbprints on the
! Paragraphers all over the country
jvffl mourn that it ls the society wom
al of Philadelphia, Instead of Chicago,
?who are unwilling to show their feet
CD a classic tableau.
',' Dr. Wiley says that the earth la
cooling and that men will freeze to
death on. the equator some day. From
a maa who ls contemplating matrt
jxnony one would expect a brighter
! Last year Alaska produced $20,463.
OOO gold, or about three times what
?Uncle Sam paid for the big territory.
Some day Secretary Seward will have
ki fine monument as a good judge of a
areal estate bargain.
- The students of Vassar proclaim
Vtth pride that they can cook, and
cook appetizing meals at that There
is no danger in the higher education,
?ven for the conservative, when wom
en take pride In their cooking as an
accomplishment, and men, as a rule,
do not care how rauch science and
philosophy their future wives absorb
as long es the absorbing process does
?ot Interfere with the prospect of
.sood dinners when the cook ls on
In the silk war between Italy and
Japan goods and prices cut much
more of a figure'than battleships.
The brave police president of Berlin
o>as taken" a valiant stand against long
5r>?t pins, calling upon women to cease
making themselves tn this respect a
snenace to. mankind. The long hat pin
affected by fashion Is really danger
Ions, as those who have been jabbed In
crowded cars or on the street can tes
tify. If the women won't be reason
able about it. won't they please be
An ossified man has been married in
Pennsylvania, but lt ls suspected that
this ia not the first case on record.
The census shows an average in
crease In population in the New Eng
land states considerably in excess of
that in some parts of the west Iowa,
for Instance, reports an actual de
crease1 for Vie ten years since 1900,
and but for gains in the larger cities
Missouri also would have shown a
falling-off. Conclusions that the east
baa gone into decadence will have to
WORK OF LAW MAKERS.
Gov. Martin P. Ansel sent his fourth
and last annual message to the Gen
eral Assembly of South Carolina.
The most imortant features are here
HIS LAST MESSAGE.
MARTIN F. ANSEL
Governor of South Carolina.
Gov. Ansel renews his recommen
dation that an extra one-half mill
levy be made for the next few years,
placing the "same in the hands of the
sinking fund commission to be loan
ed to the State until sufficient amount
has been thus raised to do away with
the necessity of borrowing
The "inquisitorial method" is again
urged to get the true and just value
of property for taxation.
He suggests that as many bonds
as can be redeemed in 1913 be paid
out of the funds of the Sinking fund
An act should be passed he sug
gests allowing counties that need it
for schools to use the funds of an
other county that is not used for
school purposes. i
"There are in attendance at the
Deaf, Dumb and Blind Institute 56
blind white children, 96 deaf white
children, one deaf and blind child,
19 blind colored children, 33 deaf
colored children, and the institution
is run cheaper per capita than any
other institution of the kind in the
"I recommend this school for the
unfortunates to your wise and gener
An inspector is recommended of
the county convict camps and of
county convicts. "Every now and
then complaints have come to me of
the condition of some camp or the
unhealthy condition of the convicts
or of their treatment, and while sjame
of j the complaints may have had no
foundation, still I regard it as wise
and humane that an inspector should
be provided for and tbs costs of the
same be paid, by the inverai coun?ies
of' the State."
Governor Ansel again recommends
an increase in the salaries of State
Senator Wharton wants to make
it easier to catch fugitives from jus
tice. He told of a cs.se where a re
ward of $500 was ofEered and the
prisoner having given bail skipped
the State. There was a bond of
$4,500 which was paid and the fugi
tive was never caught as no detective
agency would bother with a $500
Mr. Wharton wants the bond to be
divided into two parts the person ap
prehending the guilty person to re
ceive one-half and the county the
other half. Mr. Wharton believea
this wili aid in the enforcement of
The Senate will visit Winthrop
College on January 19th-Lee's birth
If one skips his board bill there .
will be a penalty of not more than
$50 or imprisonment for not more
than thirty days by the terms of an
amendment to the act of 1908, a bill
providing for the amendment being
introduced by Senator Sullivan.
Senator Carlisle introduced in the
senate a "marriage license bill," a
similar bill causing a great deal ot
discussion in the senate. A number
of senators.! have been heard to ex
press themselves favorably toward
the bill and the debate will doubtless
be spirited. .
The bill Senator Wharton intro
duced provides that no circus show
until it has paid a State license. The
license is fixed at $50,000 per year.
Senator Weston introduced a bill
amending the child .labor law in South
Carolina. This bill amends "A act to
regulate the employment of children
in factories, mines and manufacturing
establishments in this State." The
bill provides 16 years as the limit for
work at night In mills and all exemp
tions for children under 12 years of
age c?ntained in the previous law are
Mr. Mitchum: To limit amount of
funds available to Clemson college
from tag tax on fertilizers to sum
of $175,000 for each year and to pro
vide '"or apportionment of any sur
plus funds arising from said tax
among the free public schools of the
various counties for their support
and the maintenance therein of a
course in primary agriculture.
Senator Carlisle introduced a bill
requiring the. railroads to accept cou
pons from mileage books. A similar
measure, introduced by Senator Gray
don last year, provoked argument.
The bill in the House raising the
salaries of State officials was re
ferred to the ways and means com
mittee; which practically makes it
ineffective for the approaching ad
Mr Beamguard: To provide for the
registration of chattel mortgages on
crops and to fix the fee.
Mr. Bodie: To amend an act en
titled an act to regulate sale of co
Mr. Stevnson: To require the
distribution of the dispensary fund
among the common schools and to
provide the method of distribution.
Reapportionment Bill Reported
STATE REPRESENTATION SAME.
Committee Does the Reapportioning
Rather Than States-Conflicting
State Laws-A Lively Fight Ex
pected Over This Measure in House
Washington. - The Crumpacker.
congressional reapportionment bill,
fixing the House membership at 433,
exclusive of Arizona and New Mexi
co? has been favorably reported to
the House by the census committee
on motion of Representative Bur
leigh of Maine. The bill will be
brought up in the House at the ear
The bill was amended in commit
tee so as to provide that the Ap
portionment should not be made by
the Legislatures of the States, a pro
vision usually made in the reappor
tionment bills, but omitted from this
one.because of conflicting legislation
in several States covering the mat
The measure will provoke a lively,
discussion when it comes up on the
floor of the House, for there are
many differing views as the the ' re
apportionment. The 433 was fixed
by the committee as the lowest num
ber which would avoid reducing the
numerical representation of States.
SENATOR NOT ENTITLED SEAT.
Isaac Stephenson of Wisconsin Elect
ed by Questionable Methods.
Madison, Wis.-"The nomination in
the primary and the election to the
United States Senate by the Legisla
ture of Isaac Stephenson are null
and void, on account of attempted
briberies and corrupt practice by
himself and his campaign leaders,
agents and workers, and of violations
of the laws of Wisconsin defining
and punishing offenses against the
This Is the gist of the findings of
a special senatorial investigating
committee in its report submitted to
Govenor Francis E. McGovern. The
report is signed by Lieutenant Gov
ernor Thomas Morris and Senator
Spencer W. Marsh (Republicans)
and Senator Paul Hustings (Demo
Early in the legislative session of
1909, resolutions were itnroduced in
both houses calling for an investiga
tion of the senatorial primary elec
tion. The resolutions were particu
larly pointed at United States Sena
tor Isaac Stephenson, who, according
to his own report, filed with the Sec
retary of State, expended $107,000
during the campaign.
Savannah's Disgraceful Election.
Savannah-Seven arrests for al
leged vote grafting or efforts to buy
or sell votes; announcement that
Pinkerton detectives have received
evidence that will result in many more
arrests and a hard all-day struggle
for votes marked Savannah's munici
pal election which, one of the closest
in the city's history, gave George W.
Tiedeman the mayorality again by
240 votes. The council is divided be
tween factions. Those who had
fights were released on bond.
Southern Banker Dead.
Baltimore.-George A." Shmelz of
Hampton, Va., one of the leading
bankers of the South, died at the
Johns Hopkins hospital. Death was
due to ureamia o nd followed a sudden
relapse. Mr. Schraeiz,. who was 57
years old, was the head of the
Schmeiz Brothers' Banking House of
Newport News, Va. He was a direc
tor of the Bank of Hampton, vice
president of the Newport News and
Old Point Railway and Electric Com
pany and one of the owners ef The
Newport News Press.
1,00O,0C0 Cows Condemned.
Washington-Meat inspection, by
the Department of Agriculture was.
responsible for the condemnation of
1,000,000 carc?~ces cf beef during
the last ' according to the
report* oi >. Melvin, chief
of the Bureau of Animal Industry. A
standing appropriation of $3,000,000
annually is set aside for meat inspec
tion. The sum of $2,940,000 was
actually expended in the inspection
of establishments in 237 towns.
Fewer hogs were killed last year than
the previous year.
Census Cotton Ginning Report.
Washington.-Cotton of thc growth
of 1910 ginned prior to January 1, as
shown by the late report of the bu
reau of the census, was 11,087,442
bales compared with 9,647,327 from
the growth of 1909 and 12,465,298
from that of 3908. The percentage
of the last two crops ginned to Janu
ary was 95.8 for 1909 and 95.3 for
1908. Round bales included this year
are 109,296 compared with 143,949 for
1909 and 230,572 for 1908. Sea island
bales included are 82,422 for 1910 as
against 89,611 for 1909.
Millionaire-Says That People Are Bled
to Pay Dividends on Nine Billions
of Watered Stock.
Akron, 0.-Declaring that excessive
freight rates are responsible for the
high cost of living, Ohio C. Barber,
the millionaire match magnate, has
sent a letter to every member of con
gress demanding reforms.
In addition to the regulation bf
freight rates, he demands that laws
be passed that will effectually limit
railroad and industrial capitalization.
He declares the freight business cf
the railroads costs each family* $87 a
year. This latter, coupled with the
oilier earnings of the railroads, he as
serts, has boost?d the average rail
road cost per-family to $127 annually.
Barber starts his'letter to the con
gressmen with these three demands:
"What is the matter with Ameica?
"What-is the matter With congress?
"Why t has the seat of goevrnment
been transferred to Wall street?"
Continuing, he says: "Personally,
I appreciate fully the ' importance of
stability of vested rights in property,
corporate or personal.
"But I vigorously contend that the
commission of excesses in the capital
ization., of corporate companies for
feits instantly the right to claim face
value for such (Capitalization in the
levying of a tax upon the American
public for the payment of dividends
upon this watered stock. And in this
offense the railroads always have set
"Conceived In the master minds of
Huntington, Morgan, Hill and Hard
man, tjris policy has been worked out
to a nicety. These clothed the
scheme^ih the pretty catch phrase of a
'community of interests' and cleverly
set about to grab all the through
trunk lines of railroad from coast
"They argued plausibly, and with
truth, that these trunk lines were the
great arteries which maintained the
life of commerce; that they were a
necessity for quick transportation.
"Approximately nine billions of this
18 bilUons of 'railroad capitalization
is fictitious: purely and simply water
ed stock upon which the people of
the United States are taxed in rail
road rates to miantain the annual div
"Despite this tremendous stock wa
tering, the . railway net'earnings have
advanced steadily and the aevrage
dividend rate has more than doubled
in the last 15 years.
. "In 1894 the dividend rate was 1.6G
ppr cent. Last year it averaged 3.68
per cent and the railroads earned a
net income'?-'?ot $852,153,280.
"And the people paid the freight!
Railroad presidents indignantly
deny that freight rates affect the cost
of existence. James J. Hill.and W. C.
Browne declare low acreage produc
tion by the farmer is responsible for
mates disagree. All seek
to -niit'^ae responsibility. S. K. Gug
genheim" says it is extravagance on
the part; of the laborer. Ogden Ar
mour says-it is the law of nature.
"This one problem of railroad
freight rates is the great economic
question of the age. Were it fairly
solved * all other lines of commerce
and trade would soon adjust them
selves and a more equitable distribu
tion of the products of business would
"What are you going to do about it?
"Yours in militant sincerity,
(Signed) "O. C. BARBER."
Ticket Collectors Permanent System.
Washington-The management of
the Southern Railway Company has
not had under consideration any
change of policy with regard to the
employment of ticket collectors on
its passenger trains. On the other
hand, the results that have been ob
tained ! are such as fully to warrant
the continuation of the system.
Scales of Justice Unbalanced.
. Newark, N. J.-Mrs. Caroline B.
Martin, one of the two surviving sis
ters held under an indictment charg
ing the murder of Ocey W. Snead,
whose body was found in a partly fur
nished house in East Orange, Novem
ber -29, 1909, pleaded non vult before
Judge Ten Eyck in the cqurt of oyer
and terminer. This plea was accepted
and Mrs. Martin was remanded for
sentence. The plea of non vult is an
admission of the act without intent
Peary Was in Call'ng Distance.
Washington-Hugh C. Mitchell, a
skilled computer of the coast and
geodetic survey, testified that he had
handled Commander Robert E:
Peary's observations. Mr. Mitchell
said that he had figured that Peary
when he made his furthermost camp
was leBS .than five miles from the
Pole and that In his marches on that
day of the climax of his trip, he
passed within one and one-sixteenth
miles bf the actual Pole. The com
mittee will soon report.
Urge Greater Curtailment.
Atlanta, Ga.-Drastic curtailment in
th- manufacture of cotton goods until
the prices of the manufactured pro
duct assume a more correct ratio to
the cost of the raw cotton was urged
in a resolution adopted by the textile
manufacturers' exchange here. More
than 2,000,000 spindles in rfine South
ern States and Illinois and Indiana
were repreesnted at the meeting. All
State organizations also were urged
to co-operate in this movement.
What will operatives do?
Rate Advance Postponed Again.
ment was made by Judge Clements,
acting chairman of the Interstate
Commerce Commission, at the conclu
sion of the arguments on the Eastern
rate case of the further suspension
of the proposed advances of the rates
in official classification territory from
Februars11 1 until March 15. The
suspension was made voluntarily by
the carriers in order to afford the
commission additional time to discuss
and ccBider the problems presented
Brandeis Reason Why Rates
Should Not Advance.
HOW TO REDUCE THE EXPENSE
Scientific Management Would Bring
Proper Results-Would Save Three
Per Cent, of Aggregate Cost-Steel
Rails Cost too Much.
Washington-"We coucend that
rates are ample but that the expeuce
of operation is excessive; that wages
are not too high, but that, as the
.management is unscientific, labor,
material, equipment and r'ant fail to
give adequate results. We plead for
the introduction of scientific man
agement, under which the railroads
shall get 100 cents for every dollar
In opening his argument for the
shippers of the Atlantic seaboard be
fore the interstate commerce com
mission, Louis D. Brandeis, of
Boston, thus presented the funda
mental reason, in his mind, why
freight rates should not be advanced
as proposed by the railways.
Co-operation also, in Mr. Barn
deis' opinion, would secure reduc
tions in the cost of steel rails, in'
the price of which, he believes, an
enormous saving, could be made. He
suggested, however, that no effort
was being made hy the railroads to
obtain a reduction in the price of
steel rails because of the financial
connections of railroad officials with
the four great steel companies.
"The economies which would re
sult if all the railroads in the United
States inrtoduced scientific manage
ment have been estimated at a mil
lion dollars a day," said Mr. Bran
deis. "This would result in reduc
ing the present operating cost of the
railroads an average of 20 per cent."
Mr. Brandeis concluded his argu
ment with the declaration that the
railroads of the country were con
fronted with the greatest, opportun
ity of their existence to increase the
efficiency of their labor, equipment
and plant3. Ii they should embrace
the opportunity they would make
for themselves and for the shipping
interests of the country and of the
world. If they should not the res.lt
would be, in response to an irresist
able popular clamor and demand, the
government ownership of railroads of
the United States.
BEYRL E. CARROLL.
Governor of Iowa.
Des Moines, Iowa.-In his message
to the legislature, Governor B. F.
Carroll recommends consurrence
in the proposed income tax amend
ment to the federal constitution, an
arbitration board for labor disputes
and a non-partisan public utilities
Explosion Kills Five.
Connellsville, Pa.,-Five dead and
twelve more or less seriously injured
is the result of an explosion of natu-1
ral gas here. It wrecked a well-filled !
five and ten cent store setting fire to
and destroying the building and be
fore the flames were checked, damag
ed nine other structures.
' The explosion blew out the front
wall of the building, tearing dawn
telephone, telegraph and electric
light wires which hung about splut
tering and hampering rescue work.
Seventeen Swallowed by Sea.
Provincetown-Seventeen men were
drowned in a wreck of three barges
of the Reading Railroad tug Lykens,
ac Hing to officers of three life
& crews that made a heroic fight
to reach them.
They declare that there were seven
men on one barge and five on each
of the other two.
The life-savers state that all 17
men of the three crews perished.
The life savers declared that there
were no more men on the barge.
Sold His Wife for $8.00.
Beverly. N .J.-Some weeks ago
Cornelius Face, of Beverly, decided
that he was tired of his wife and, j
after some negotiations, sold the wo
man to Joseph Flowers for $8.00.
Mrs. Pace, apparently satisfied, DV
came Flowers' housekeeper. Three
days later Pace became tired of be
ing his own cook and endeavored to
cancel the trade. He sent the
woman back. Pace now proposes to
pay $40 toward a divorce, so his wife
might marry Flowers.
Southern Exploits South's Advantages
Washington-A handsome and well
illustrated booklet, descriptive of the
agricultural resources and products
of Georgia, has just been issued by
the Land and Industrial Department
of the ,Southern Railway and the
Georgia Southern and Florida Rail
way, for distribution in the North
and West in the work which these
railroad companies are doing in the
effort to attract desirable setiers to
the South through the exploitation
of its advantages and opportunities.
Other Southern StatesN will follow.
PEARY AND NORTH POLE.
House Committee Examines the Arc
tic Explorer-Admits Pele is Lost
as Much as Ever. -
Washington.-Admitting that the
North Pole is just as much lost as
ever and that all future attempts to
find it must he independent enter
prises unaided by his own work,
Capt. Roberl E. Peary, the Arctic ex
plorer, answered a cross :?re of ques
tions at a hearing before the House
committee on naval affairs. He told
how he wanted the glory of the polar
achievement for himself, declining to
let any member of his expedition,
oilier than the negro Hensop, go on
tr:r- last dash with him; how his
publishing contracts had precluded
him from testifying before the com
mittee last spring and how members
of his expedition had been prohibit
ed from writing about thc trip.
Capt. Peary was asked to throw
light on why, as a naval officer, he
made no report to the Kavy Depart
ment Mr. Roberts asked him if it
was not customary for en officer to
report on matters for which he was
detailed. Captain Peary said he had
made some report to the coast and
geodetic survey and had advised the
Navy Department of that fact. It
was his impression that the superin
tendent of the survey had made a
report to the navy. Pressed by Mr.
Roberts, Captain Peary said there wa3
a letter of his on file somewhere
asking secrecy for his written repori
to the survey, as to soundings, etc.
"Why, being detailed to get cer
tain information for the government,
did you ask the government not to
use this information until later?" In
sisted Mr. Roberts. ' .
"I would rather not give the in;
formation except to the committee,'
replied Captain Peary, who object?e
to testifying in the preesnce of news
paper representatives. He was giver
permission to file his reason in writ
"Why did you not take the white
members of your party with you on
the final stage of your trip north
ward, so that there might be credit
able corroborative evidence?" asked
Representative Roberts of Massachu
"In the first place," replied Captain
Peary, "I have always made the final
spurt, with one exception", when Lee
was with me, with one man and the
Esquimaux, because the man I took
with me (Henson) was more effective
for combined demands of extended
work than any white man. The pole
was something to which I have de
voted my life, for which I had gone
through such hell as I hope no man
in this room will ever experience and
I did not feel that I should divide it
with a young man who had not the
right to it that I had/'
'. Captain Peary," replying,to repeated
questions as to the results of his
Arctic trip, said that he had not yet
prepared 'such a chart as would en
able any one to follow in his foot
'Steps to the pole, but he ^imagined"
that he had data by which he could
prepare such a chart. He said the
position of the North Pole could be
determined just the same as tb4:
equator, but the trouble was the com
parative low altitude of the sun, which
never gets ?higher than 22 1-2 degrees
above the horizon. For that reason
ordinary observations could not be
relied on with accuracy.
Son Succeeds Father.
Charleston, W. Va.-Gov. Glasscock
has appointed Davis Elkins to suc
ceed the late Senator Elkins, his
He is the eldest son of the late
West Virginia statesman.
Mr. Elkins is now in Washington
at the home of his mother.
30 Gallons Buttermilk at Reception.
Oklahoma City, Okla.-Out of defer
ence to the well-known prohibition
scruples of Gov. Lee Cruce, butter
milk was served at the inaugural re
ception held in his honor here, in
stead of the customary punch.
Thirty gallons of the beverage was
required to supply the crowd which
streamed through the reception rooms
to shake hands with the new Gov
ernor. Governor Cruce attended the
bali; but did net wear a dress suit.
His only concession in the matter of
dress was wearing a frock coat.
About $45,000,000 More Pensions.
Washington-The house of repre
sentatives has parsed the Sulloway
general pension bill, which grants
pensions ranging from $12 to $36 a
month to all soldiers who served 90
days in the United States army in the
Civil war, or 60 days in the Mexican
war, and who have reached the age
of 62 years. The bill adds about
$45,000,000 to the pension roll. / This
amount will bring the total pension
appropriation to an enormous figure.
It continues to grow.
Population Figures for Georgia.
ties showing a population in excess
of 5,000 made an average increase .of
over 48 per cent, during the last ten
years. Statistics of the thirteenth
census indicate that they contribu
ted 39 per cent, of the State's total
increase in population of 392,790.
This leaves 61 per cent, as the part
of the increase contributed by the
The number of cities in 1900 hav
ing more than 5,000 was 13, while
1910 shows 23, an increase of 10.
Promerene Succeeds Senator Dick.
Columbus, O.-In spite of thc bit
terness of the late Democratic sena
torial campaign, the victor, Lieuten
ant Governor Atlee Pomerene, was
elected to the United States Senate
by the Lgislature by the vote of
every Democratic member ?of that
In the Senate Lieutenant-Governoi
Pomerene received nineteen votes,
and in the House seventy voteB.
He " will succeed Senator Charles
food Products Have Dropped
Eggs, Butter and Poultry.
IN COLD STORAGE FOR YEARS
Overstocked is the Cause-Produce
in Cold Storage Five Years-5,000,.
000 Pounds Butter to Go-Commis
sion Men Heavy Losers.
Chicago.-Millions of pounds o?
butter, eggs, cheese and poultry held
in cold storage warehouses here will
be thrown on the market before May
1 and a general tumbling of food
prices Is expected at oncer according
to commission merchants.
Numerous Chicago commission men
are said to be facing failure as a re
Bult of their efforts to maintain an i
artificial price on the necessities of
life. The inability further to uphold
the price is said to be doue to a com
bination of circumstances, chief ol
which are the open winter of 1911
and the banner crops of 1&10.
Three commission men failed in
the last week as a result, lt is said, ol
holding great quantities of butter,
which they purchased at an average
price of 31 cents a pound and now
ar? unable to market for more than
27 or 28 cents a pound.
While the wholesale prices of but
ter and eggs have dropped within the
last few weeks, there has as yet been
no decline in the retail prices.
Some of the produce whf'h now ia.
to be unloaded on a falling market
has' been in warehouses for as long
as five years. By means of the cold
storage houses, commission men have
been able to maintain an artificial
price not only to consumer, but to
the producer, it is said.
Thirty-two warehouses are said tc
have* forty-four million pounds ol .
butter, eggs and poultry.
The increased sale of oleomargarine
is' given as an added cause of the
situation that the commission men
now find themselves facing. Thou
sands of consumers, unable to ; pay
the price at which butter has been '
held, have become users of oleo
margarine, according to Informatioi
gathered here by dealers.
Butter is six cents a pound lower
wholesale than it was a year ago and
is selling to grocers at the ' lowesl
figure in five years.
New York.-Commission, men ir
New York announce the same con
ditions in the trade as outlined ii.'
the Chicago dispatches. The whole
salers were emphatic in their state
ments that substantial reduction*
would be made and they wanted th?
news made public in order that-th?
consumer might demand correspond
lng cuts from his 'aealer.*~"?u "othei
words, they feared that the retaE
men, although buying from jobber ai
chaper rates, would maintain theil :
prices to customers.
According to the jobbers, the flnesi
fresh eggs should sell here al
from 33 to 35 cents a dozen as against
from 50 to 55 cents last week. Th?
finest grades of butter, they said
should bring from 33 to 35 cents s
pound, as compared with 50 to 5? .
Kansas City.-"There has been nc
decrease in prices of *meats or pro
visions so far as I know, and th?
price of meat promises to increas?
soon," said a leading packer, whet
asked regarding a reported change ir
food prices. He also said that non?
of the packing companies had any
surplus of live stock and the price!
which were strong last week would
probably be higher during the cominj
To Probe "Naval Hoodoo.
Washington-Officers of the chiel
engineer's office of the Navy De
partment are preparing to make an
investigation of the unprecedented
series of accidents which have oe
curred to naval vessels the past
week, crippling four vessels. Th?
battleship fleet lost two, the SoutU
Carolina and the Michigan; th?
au.} 'auo 1801 s^q uoipsnbs jssrruo
Washington, while the gunboat Du
buque, ordered to duty in CafibbeaB
waters, is also to be laid up.
White Men Attack Negro Minstrels
Benton, Ark.-One negro man was
killed, and one negro man and two
negro women were injured in a race
riot here following a performance
by negro minstrels from New Or
leans. The performers en route tc
their boarding house were attacked
by a party of 15 or 20 unidentified
white men. Mayor M. H. Hollcmar.
has called on all law-abiding citizens
to assist in running down the perpe
trators of what he terms "a crime
that has disgraced the community.* j
Great Battleship Launched.
Philadelphia.-Amid the tooting ol
whistl i, the ringing of bells and
the cheers of thousands of specta
tors the battleship Arkansas, the
largest fighting ship ever constructed
in this country was launched from
the yard of the New York Shipbuild
ing Company at Camden, N. J. Miss;
Mary Macon, daughter of Congress!
man Robert B. Macon, of Arkansas,
was the sponsor and smashed a bot
tle of champagne against the great
prow of the ship as it slid away from
A $3,500,000,000 Business. '
$3,500,000,000, the total value of the
foreign trade of the United States
during the year which ended Decem
ber 31, 1910, was greater than thal
of any year ever before, and left a
balance in favor of the country ol
over $300,000,000. They exceeded!
the former high record of 1907 ba
about $30,000,000. 1
Besides this new record, anothel
record was broken during 1910 . in thl
value of imports from abroad. Thew
amounted to $1,562,807;622. . m