Newspaper Page Text
?Mari Paper in South Caro jins.
Edfcfleid, S. C."
Beware of thin ice.
: TJegt upsets auto," An up-sotter?
Way ia he always called a "lone"
. pfriadTIT Why not just a "a bandit?"
A deep snow would help the av?a
te? that hare acquired the falling
g 3 ?
Hov they say that the old hoop
is coming back. Here's hoping
is importing thousands of
?tel? III Itera from this country. No.
they are just the machines.
IgSrwsiakee physicians plan lo put
a end to telephone practice. They
see a man's tongue over the.
Tho automobile is acceptable in
???eral processions but the aeroplane
Ss stQl barred out by the undertakers'
yfcafrng season is ? upon us-that is.
?ea skating. Skating in a general
J*aj ls practiced-regardless of the
Before lang Germany may be eating
BmgDTted meat exclusively.' The pret
'?ris, however, will he manufactured
as ot yore.
H it is agreeable to the surgeons.
Ste average man would prefer to be
?gyrated on for appendicitis only
'Warn it is necessary.
A stan who marries two wives is a
Mgmaist, bot that California man who
Married six of them is just the old.
Beifahte brand of fool.
That New York person who shot
?tlmsel? five times- and failed to kill
will probably die some day of
. Ton never can telL
A Washington man has started suit
jfor $300,000 for the loss of.'his wife.
?AH of which leads us to remark that
must have been some wife.
"Tn future," says Doctor Wiley, "the
'fdr will furnish heat, fuel and power."
3fc might do so right now if some way
ito extract the coal from it could be
That Kansas City man, as we under
stand the case, did not want a di
-ycrco merely because. his wife
?ancked, but on account of what she
: Europe's wine shortage this year is
iSsrid to he the greatest for ? 1
A lady smuggler arrested with ?8,OOO
worth cf Jewels in her stocking claims
Bat that's where she always wears
toa. Evidenly we've been overlooking
a good thing.
A few phlegmatic men who never
'become excited about anything are
?ot going to buy a fruit farm next
year and get rich in one season by
. raising apples.
The fashionable dressmakers are
r?H quarreling over the location of the
?waist line, and women will have to go
laloag a while without knowing where
itt win finally be located for-the sea
There are many ways of getting In
'bm?. only one of which is to travel
.em a train which ls about to be
' A Massachusetts octogenarian who
leas sever shaved in his life, claims
ila kare saved $24,000 in that way, but
mun would rather not have the
than the whiskers.
T7e are told that the day pf the
laos el is ended. When we consider
the aUeged literature that has been
^perpetrated recently, we cannot
ont even the semblance of a
Wow we are told that the Garden
af Eden was located at the north pole.
?Ks?bly we shall learn also that Adam
wad Ere were Eskimos and ate of the
Torhidden blubber instead of the for
A Boston young woman has been vis
iting dentists' offices and stealing, mon
ey and other valuables from the wraps
. of Hie patients in the torture chamber,
another excuse for not going to
? dentist when you ought to.
Tte Kew York doctor who asserts
fiat overripe eggs are as nutritious
as tte fresh kind will not meet with
wMsnt objections if he tries to get a
-monopoly of eating the ancient vint
hobble skirt and high trolley
- steps have clashed in Trenton. The
may have the logic of the situa
tion, bot the hobble skirt has the eter
nal f?minine end of the discussion, and
a3 haman experience is a unit on what
llwtrT***"1 when logic attempts to tackle
'ibo eternal feminine.
Tte New York Tribune reports the
-case of a girl who was so modest that
late refused, when she was wounded
.en one of her legs, to let anybody
jsee lt, and so bled to death. She
.probably called them limbs, too.
Canada has 40,000,000 or 50,000,000
of land located near the arctic
.circle and which it is asserted can be
-made tc produce big and profitable
wheat crops. Perhaps Canada's claim
ito tte north pole ls based on the be
?Def that the extremity of the earth can j
(tro c?Uzed for agricultural purposes.
P ALL CHIMED IN
Democrats at Jackson Day
Banquet in Baltimore.
TALK OF DISTINGUISHED M?N
Tariff Law Subject For Discussion
Harmon and Clark en Program
Governors Absent - Democratic
Senators and Representatives There
Baltimore.-The gaunt spectre of
Che tariff, with all the vicissitudes it
brings from without and within a
political party, stalked boldly brough
the Jackson Day gathering of the
Democrats. It made its presence felt
at the mass-meeting at the Lyric in
tho afternoon and it would not down
at the bountiful feast which was
spread at the Fifth Regiment armory.
But the issue was fairly met by all
the speakers. Some frankly acknowl
edged that there would be diff erences
of opinion among the Democrats on
this subject, as there has been among
the Republicans. Senator Bailey for
instance, while declaring that har
mony of action must be. the watch
word of the Democracy, if they main
tain the advantage won at the last
election, took direct issue with those
Democrats .who favor piecemeal re-,
vision of the tariff. Champ Clark of
Missouri, Speaker-to-be, of the House
of Representatives, had just announc
ed that the sentiment among Demo
cr a ts in the House seemed to favor
piecemeal, revision - schedule by
schedule, if possible, but item by item
Governor Harmon of. Ohio, one of
the most prominent figures in the
day's gathering, also pounced upon
The day passed as the Democratic
leaders wished it might, without an
attempt from any quarter to launch
a boom for the presidential nomina
tion in 1932. Senator Bailey paid
Champ Clark, the Democratic leader
of the House, the tribute of placing
him in the presidential class.
"If Champ Clark makes a better
Speaker than Mr. Harmon makes a
Governor, we will nominate him for
Pr?sident," he declared amid enthu
siasm at the Lyric meeting.
"But", he added, "if Governor Har
mon mfkes a better Governor than
Champ Clark makes a Speaker, then
we are going to nominate Mr. Har
In rapping "new nationalism" Sen
ator Blackburn insisted that the three
co-ordinate branches of the govern
ment should be kept separate and dis
tinct and that there should be no
encroachments one upon another.
The absentees included > Governor
FOSS of Miit?c!ni>t,"en<,f?-n?>"--*"
former AepicocuM.u<v ~-.
Bell of California was one of the
Anal speakers of the evening. Mr.
Bell paid a glowing tribute to Champ
Clark abd declared that if the party
stands behind him as Speaker of the
House of Representatives, Democratic
success in 1912 will be assured.
"The people of the middle West
and the far West have the greatest
confidence in the integrity and the
ability of Champ Clark as a leader
af the Democracy," said Mr. Bell.
The reference to Mr. Clark was?
regarded as unusually significant, in
asmuch as Mr. Bell has generally
been known as the close friend and
representatives of William J. Bryan.
Very Unusual Accident. .
Washington.-The accident on the
United sV'-es battleship Delaware
which killed eight men and seriously
injured one, will be investigated by a
hoard which Secretary of the Navy
Meyer' appointed. It is known at the
Navy Department only that the acci
dent was caused by the blowing out
of three backheaders of a boiler.
Such an accident as occurred on the
Delaware is very unusual in the navy.
In fact many officers express the be
lief that it is the first one on record.
New Governor of Pennsylvania.
Harrisburg, Pa.-John K. Tener, of
Charleroi, was inauguarted governor
In his inaugural address Governor
Tener recommended the abolition of
the present railroad commission and
substituting therefor a public com
mission vested with power of general
supervision and control over all cor
porations and individuals having to
do with public utilities.
Gov. Tener belongs to the "stand
Aviators Draw High Salaries.
New York-Aviation prizes dis
tributed during the year amounted
to $940,000. This total does not in
clude special sums paid to aviators.
Louis Paulhan, received ^"der con
tract $20,000 a month extra. The list
of aviators who in 1910 won $20,000'
or more includes Paulhan, $70,000;
Latham, $60,000; Mor?ne, $60,000;
Grahame-White, $50,000; Le Blano,
$30,000; Cattaneo, $30,000; Chavez,
$30,000; Captain Dickson, $25,000, and
Three Y. M. C. A. Buildings.
Florence, S. C.-The contract for
the Y. M. C. A. buildings for this
city, Rocky Mount N. C., and Way
cross, Ga., has been awarded by the
Atlantic Coast Line. Work is to be
started right away and will be rush
ed to completion. The building for
Florence will be erected on the old
Presbyterian church property, a site
which the Coast Line has been hold
ing in reserve for several years. It
is the prettiest lot in the city for
such a building. The contractor's bid
for all three buildings was $52,000.
CHAMP CLARK NAMED
Democrats in Caucus at Washington
Nominate Missourian for Next
Speaker-Member Dismissed. .
Clark of Missouri, the Democratic
leader of the House, and receptive
candidate for the Democratic nomina
tion for the presidency, was nomi
nated by acclamation for Speaker of
the House in the Sixty-seond Con
gress. This, with the selection of a
committee on ways and means, to
make an early preparation of tariff
legislation for submission to Congress
immediately upon the beginning of
the next session in December, when
the House becomes Democratic, was
I oae of the features of a caucus of the
Democrats-the old and new mem
bers-of the next Congress, held in
the hall of the House at the Capitol.
About 210 Democrats were present.
Mr. Hay of Virginia presided and Mr.
Ashbrook of Ohio was secretary.
Francis Burton Harrison of New York
called the attention of the caucus to
the * fact that the name of Teron
Akin,. Representative-elect from New
Congressman From Ninth District of
York, had been called twice in the
opening roll-call. Mr. Harrison .an-,
nounced that he had been informed
that Akin had declared that he would
not enter the caucus and that Akin
had said he would vote with the Re
publicans. Mr. Harrison therefore
asked that Akin's name be stricken
from the roll of the Democrats.
Mr. Henry of Texas, conspicuously
mentioned for chairman of the iiext
rules committee, made the formal
motion outlining the order of busi
ness. His plan carried. This invol
v o ri t ho_ml ni
ell Palmer of Pennsylvania.
The Harrison motion to strike Akin
of New York from the Democratic
roll, was adopted.
Mr. Akin was elected on an inde
pendent ticket and had the endorse
mejst of the Democrats.
Fined $1,750 For Selling Liquor.
Valdosta, Ga.-John A. Mansor, a
wealthy fruit dealer here, plead guilty
to three counts of selling liquor, and
was fined a total of $1,750 with an
alternative of two years on the chain
gang. He paid the fine, which sets a
new record for heavy penalties for
Five Naval Reservations Doomed.
Washington-The administration is
authorized to abandon and dispose ot
the naval reservation at Culebra,
San Juan, Porto Rico; Port Royal, ?.
C.; New London, Conn., and Sack
etts Harbor, N. Y., under action taken
by the House committee on naval
affairs. This is at the suggestion o?
the Navy ' Department that these
stations no longer are necessary.
The committee has voted on the
program for increase of the navy.
The reservation may not be adan
Great Negro Farmers' Conference.
Tuskeegee, Ala.-Nearly 2,000 negro
farmers from Georgia, Alabama and
Mississippi and educators from many
parts of the country were present at
the opening of the twentieth annual
negro farmers' conference. Booker
T. Washington, principal of Tuskee
gee Institute, opened the meeting
with a speech in which he urged the
negro farmer to strive for better
methods of cultivating the land. He
dwelt especially upon the evils of
the mortgage system.
Carnegie Awards to Heroes.
Pittsburg. - Twenty-six awards In
recognition of acts of ^heroism were
made by the Carnegie Hero Fund
Commission, sixteen bronze and ten
silver medals besides cash awards
being authorized. Nineteen of the
awards were made for rescues or at
tempted rescues from drowning, three
from fire, two from suffocation In
wells and one each from train and
shooting.- In nine instances the he
roes lost their lives and the award
is made to a member of the family.
Rice Holding Movement Broken.
El^Campo, Texas-The rice holding
movement appears so far as this sec
tion is concerned to have been broken
as 35,000 sacks have been sold since
January 1 at prices ranging from
$2.25 to $3.0?). News from all over
the South Texas belt shows a re
sumption of selling.
Taft to Sec Corn.
Columbus, Ohio.-It has been an
nounced that President Taft will visit
the National Corn exposition, which
opens here January 30.
Ely Plies From Shore to Ship
USEFUL IN TIME OF NAVAL WAR
Trip Consumed One Hour-Not an
Accident Happened - Perched on
Cruiser With Ease-Wife and Spec
tators Wild With Enthusiasm.
San Francisco.-Eugene B. Ely
flew 13 miles in an aeroplane, made a
successful landing on the cruiser
Pennsylvania and an hour later, from
the cruiser, flew back ito Selfridge
field, 12 miles south of San Francisco.
The feat was accomplished without
mishap. Not a wire or bolt of the
biplane was injured.
"It was easy enough," said Ely, as
he stepped from his seat after his
return and was seized by the cheer
ing soldiers ofvthe Thirteenth Infan
try and hoisted on their shoulders.
A canvass barrier was stretched
across the forward end of the plat
form. Launches and ships' boats ful
ly manned were put out in p^ent of a
mishap. Ely had installed two seven
foot pontoons upder his aeroplane to
float the machine in case he was
forced to descend on the. water and
forward he had built a hydroplane to
keep the aerpolane from diving in the
He was flying low as he neared the
ship and dropped down lightly, strik
ing the platform about 40 feet from
the inner end. The hooks on the
aeroplane caught the ropes and stop
ped the biplane within 60 feet
HENRY CABOT LODGE WINS.
Re-Elected to United States Senate
After Hard Fight.
Boston.-Henry Cabot Lodge won
the hardest fight in his political ca
reer in nearly thirty years, and re
turns to the United States Senate for
a fourth term with the support ot
146 out of 279 members of the Massa
kjcuaLUL ui unttasucnuaeLis nas ueen
assailed by Republican insurgents
and the Democratic party.
Governor Foss refused to comment
on the result, while Congressman
Ames said that he was convinced that
the desires of a large majority of
the people of Massachusetts "have
been submerged by the influence of
Mr. Ames also declared his inten
tion of continuing the fight. Political
historians say that the contest was
the most important senatorial battle
in the State since the election of
Charles Sumner as a free soiler in
Woman to Prison For Life.
Columbia, S. C.-The sentencing of
Nannie.Lee Suber, a colored woman,
to life imprisonment by Special Judge
Aycock adds one to the few life term
ers among the women at the State
prison. The last white woman life
termer was Fannie Carson, whom
Govenor Ansel pardoned last fallu
Nannie Suber was convicted of the
killing of Hattie Suber on. October
10, the trial taking place at the pres
ent term of court The verdict had
recommendation to mercy attached.
Thousand Dollars a Word.
New York-Talk is said to be
cheap, but not in White Plains, N. Y.
Four words alleged to have been hiss
ed into the ear of Miss Grace Ray
mond will cost Mrs. Naomi D. King,
seventy years old, $4,000 by the ver
dict of a jury. And in so ruling the
jury cut the price of talk to half, for
at the previous trial Miss Raymond
was awarded $8,000.
A short time prior to the marriage
the bride-to-be met Miss Raymond on
the street and made a remark on
which the lady sued for slander.
Maine's New Senator.
Augusta, Me.-Charles J. Johnson,
of Waterville, a Democrat, was elec
ted United States senator to succeed
Eugene Hale by the Maine legisla
ture. Mr. Johnson received 107
votes and Frederick A. Powers, of
Houlton, Republican 67.
Hitchcock Elected Senator.
Lincoln, Neb.-Representative G.
M. Hitchcock (Democrat) was elect
ed United States senator to succeed
E. J. Burkett.
McLean Chosen Senator.
Hartford, Conn.-George Payne Mc
Lean, of Simsbury, Republican, was
chosen United States senator from
Connecticut for the six year term be
ginning March 4 next
Gov. Colquitt Inaugurated.
Austin, Texas.-The inauguration
of Governor Colquitt and Lieutenant
Governor Davidson was great.
Govenor Colquitt made his speech
along lines of conservative govern
ment, fewer and fetter laws and safer
and saner legislation.
CENSUS COTTON FfGURES
Statement Made Public by the Depart
ment Gives Information 2nd Sta
tistics Concerning Staple.
Washington. -; Representing the
su*p]y of cotton in the United States
for the year ending August 31 last
as being 12,188,021 bales, twenty per
cent less than that of the previous
year, in its annual review of the cot
ton supply the census bureau says
that 52 per cent was exported.
The quantity of cotton consumed
during the year was 4,798,953 bales
compared with 5,240,719 bales in 1909,
a decrease of 441,764 bales or eight
per cent. The average weekly con
sumption of cotton in the United
States in 1910 amounted to about 92,
000 bales, compared with 108,000 in
1909; 87,000 in 1908, and 96,000 in
A significant feature of the report
is the growth shown in the manufac
turing industry In the cotton growing
states eince 1880. There were in these
states thirty years ago only 561,36o
active spindles, which consumed 188,
748 bales of cotton. In 1910 there
were 10,801,494 active spindles, con
suming 2,292,33 bales of cotton.
The 'QT 'v of domestic raw cot
ton expoi^-j during the year ending
August 31, 1910, amounted to 6,339,
028 running bales, valued at $460.
Of. this cotton 38 per cent went to
the United Kingdom, thirty per cenr.
to Germany 15 per cent to France,
these three countries taking about
five^sixths of the total qauntity ex
According to the report the total
value of exported cotton goods of do
mestic manufacture for the year end
ing June 30, 1910, amounted to $33,
398,672, whereas the import of manu
factures into the United States during
the same year amounted to $66,473,
143 in value.
The industrial importance of Ameri
can cotton is illustrated by the fact
that not less than nine million per
sons are employed in its production
and handling and the industries for
which it furnishes the raw materia!.
METHODISTS WORK TO UNITE.
Distinguished Clergymen and Laymen
Hold a Conference.
Cincinnati-Members of ax commit
tee of a joint commission held a con
ference in this city for the purpose
of considering ways and means
whereby the Methodist Episcopal, the
Protestant Methodist and Methodist
Episcopal Church, Sopth, can consoli
date. . The members of the committee
were appointed by the three churches
to formulate the plans for union anC
.. uv/uoiuvn, ?a., Ul LUC lYlCLUOLUbl
Church, South, and President T. H.
Lewis, of Westminster, Md.; Dr. M.
L. Jennings, of Pittsburg, and F. L.
Harris, of Henderson, N. C., of the
Protestant Methodist church.
Nsw York's Beer Consumption.
New York-Greater New York con
sumed 8.500,000 barrels of beer dur
ing the year 1910, according to a re
port made public. This is about an
average of two barrels a year for
every man, woman and child in the
city. Throughout the United States
the year's consumption reached near
ly sixty millions.
Review of Gold Production.
Washington-The output of gold in
North and South Carolina increased
materially in '1910. That of Alabama,
Tennessee and Texas remained abolit
the same as for the preceeding year,
while a decrease was shown in Vir
ginia and Georgia, according to a pre
liminary review of the gold produc
tion issued by the Geological survey.
The value of the total production in
the United States for 1910 was less
by more than $3.500,000 than in 1909
when it was in round numbers
Asks for Popular Vote on Prohibtion.
Austin, Tex-Gov. Oscar Branch
Colquitt, while elected on an anti
State-wide prohibition platform will,
by majority vote of the people on the
question at the same election, submit
to popular vote the question as to
whether Texas shall remain a local
option or State-wide prohibition
State. In bis message Governor Col
quitt, among other things, recom
mends that the Legislature submit
State-wide prohibition to a vote of
the people at the earliest consistent
Colored Democrats Want Jobs.
Washington-The change in the
political complexion of the House
next session has aroused the ambition
of many negroes who have support
ed the Democratic party in the past
to replace eight hundred negro Re
publicans who are now employed
about the House wing of the Capitol.
Giles F. White, a negro school
teacher at Cabin John, Md., will for
&ake pedagogy if he can be appointed
messenger to Champ Clark, the
Speaker to be.
Governor and Legislature Disagree.
Little Rock. - The Senate and
House passed over the veto of Gov
ernor Donaghey a bill appropriating
$200,000 for expenses of the Legisla
ture. Governor Donaghey stated that
the amount was $50,000 too much.
Will Show Pictures Anyhow.
New Or cans.-Denied an injunc
tion against the mayor, ar. amusement
company desiring lo show pictures of
the Jeffnes-Johr.son fight, but re
strained by the city, will exhibit on
a steamboat beyond the jurisdiction.
$303,603.17 FOR LIQUOR.
That's What Six Dispensaries Sole
In Month of December.
That there was an extra amour t o',
whiskey purchased in anticipation ci.
the holidays in South Carolina iE
shown by the fact that the sale.} ol
the dispensaries in six counties ol
the State for the month of December
was approximately $83,000 greatei
than the month of November. The
total sales of the dispensaries in sis
counties were $303,608:17 for Decem.
ber as compared with $220,797.05 foi
the month of November. These sta
tistics are gievn In the monthly re
port by Dispensary Auditor Dani.els
"It will be noted that there has
been an appreciable gain in sales ai
all dispensaries. This is due first tc
what is known as holiday trade, and
second, to Florence county, where ar
additional dispensary was opened.'
The following is the report bj
Alekn .$41,471.50 $1,365.92
Beaufort . 24,357.95 920.0'
Charleston . 82,533.07 $.002.7'
Florence . 42,906.75 1,031,51
Georgetown . 19,675.35 345.5'
Richland. 92,662.55 2,862.34
Grand total .. .$303,608.17 $9,6*8.15
Regarding Increased Salaries.
Two years ago when an effort wai
made to get the legislature to ralst
salaires of State officers, the secre
tary of State, R. M. McCown, by re
quest furnished information showins
how much more liberally othei
States paid their officers.
The salaries and length of termj
of governors in the Southern States
and other State officers in proportion
were reported as follows in 1910:
Alabama, four years, $7,500, Arkan
sas, four years,, $4,000; Florida, foul
years, $5,000; Georgia, two years
$5,000; Kentuc'-.y, four years, $6,500;
Louisiana, four years, $5,000; Mary
land, four years, $4,000; Mississippi
four years, $4,500; Missouri, foul
years, $5,000; North Carolina, foul
years, $4,000; South Carolina, twe
years, $3,000; Tennessee, two years
$7,500; Texas, two years, $4.000; Vir
ginia, four years, $5,000.
COLUMBIA WILL GET IT.
Great National Corn Show Wantec
Wanted for 1912, to Come South.
The Carolinas will send a strong
delegation to the National Corr
show, which is to be held in Colum
bus, Ohio, from January 30 to Feb
ruary 12. The Columbia chamber ol
Commerce, the State department Ol
agriculture and the State of' Soutt
Carolina will imahe a d?termin?e
Will UC UC1U ?M- yuiwa.
week of December 4, this year. Th*
sum of $20,000 will be secured,
which will be filtered in prizes foi
the best corn shown. This announce
ment has been made by A. D. Hud
son, the president of the exposition
President Hudson has returned
from Charleston, where he raised
over $1,000 in one day for the sue
cess of the exposition.
There will be many commercial or
ganizations and manufacturing con
cerns to give prizes. The success ol
the next exposition is already as
Aetna Indemnity Company Barred
Insurance Commissioner McMastc:
has revoked the license of the Aecnr
Indemnity company of Connecticut tc
do business in South Carolina. 1'aie
action was taken following the ap
poiutment of a receiver for the som
pany. The receiver appointed was
Theodore H. McDonald, insurance
commissioner of the State of Con
necticut. The head office of the com
pany is in New York4 The company
did a general surety business. There
was little business dc-ne^ in Soatb
Carolina by the company.
Lever on the Firing Line.
W. L. Glover, chairman of the
Orangeburg committee that has b3en
working very earnestly lor the open
ing of the Edisto river to navigation,
received a telegram rrom Congress
man A. F. Lever to the effect that
the board of engineers of rivers and
harbors had reconsidered and mid?,
a favorable report to Congress to
appropriate money enough to surrey
the Edisto river, with a view to open
ing it to navigation.
lt looks like the work will be doue.
Aged Colored Man Pardoned.
Acting on the recommendation ol
B. R. Tillman, United States Senator;
W. M. Riggs, acting president ol
Clemson college; 10 of the members
)f the board of trustees of that insti
:ution, a number of well known citi
sens of the State and the State board
3f pardons. Gov. Ansel has granted a
full pardon to Dennis Ladson, an
aged negro, who is serving a life sen
tence for burglary from Orangeburg
county. There was a personal lettei
from Senator Tillman in behalt' ol
State Teachers' Meeting.
The indications point to a large at
tendance of teachers at the meeting}
in Columbia March 23-25. A meeting
in the spring is an experiment and
the approaching sessions will be the
first to be held in South Carolina
at this season of the year. It is be
lieved, however, that the change
will be an advantageous one, the sys
tem of having the meetings held in
the spring having been very success
ful in other States.
Program of exercises ha? not
THE DEBTOf fl STATE
Virginia Asks West Virginia
for Part on Old Debt.
WEIGHTY QUESTION OF LAW
United States Supreme Court Kas a
Problem to Solve-Accounts Dated
From 1825-Tribunal Will Give
Plenty o' Time.
Washington.-The staggering arith
metic problem, complicated by ques
tions of international law, of how
much of the $33,000,000 debt of the
old State of Virginia, West Virginia
should bear, was laid before the Su
preme Court of the United States for
Recognizing the intracacy of the
problem and the importance of the
outcome, the court consented to de
vote practically all its time for several
days to a hearing of arguments
in the case. This is more time than
has been given to any case argued
before the Supreme Court of the
United States within many years. .
The debt of Virginia at the time
West Virginia was organized is recog
nized as ;about $33,000,000. Many
more millions have been added to
that sum as interest. The Common
wealth of Virginia seeks to have West
Virginia bear about one-third of the '
debt West Virginia denies her lia
bility for one cent. To settle the con
troversy, it may be necessary for the
Supreme Court to review the expen
ditures and receipts of the State of -
Virginia since 1825 and figure out
from that examination the liabilities.
The bitten os of the contest wjiich
has been manifest for years, was re
flected by the earnestness of Holmes
Conrad of Virginia in opening th?
argument He was the spokesman
for holders of $15,000,000 worth ot
certificates, representing a part of
the debt. In the present litigation,
the certificate-holders are urging that
West Virginia be required to pay the
debt represented by the certificates.
Mr. Conrad only had time to lay
before the court part of the founda
tion for the contest. He took the
court back to. the days of 1825, when
Virginia inaugurated a system of con
structing roads, canals and railways,
extending from the Atlantic to the
Ohio river. That he said was the
time of the origin of the public debt
of Virginia as it existed in 1861. The
public improvements were' begun
"largely if not entirely for the de
velopment of the coal and oil and
minerals and gas that today makes \
the State of West Virginia the wealth
iest State in the Union," Mr. Conrad ,
told the court
Because of the origin of the debt,
if for no other reason, he argued that
West Virginia was under a "recognte-'
1 liability,"" to pay her equitable
are of it
fr,. ?onrad_told. of Virgina's s trust
to bear the debt to induce^West
inia to assume Its share, and fl
to find relief from the burden by
mg new bonds for two-thirds of
debt and giving certificates to the
. _bondholders for the other third.
This was done with the understand
ing, Mr. Conrad said, that the State
of Virginia would be liable for the
remaining third, if West Virginia did
not pay lt. He acknowledged that
Virginia's" liability for the remaining
third was disputed' and also Virginia's
right to sue West Virginia for the
third. He claimed that Virginia had
a right to sue as a "trustee."
Just before court adjourned he
said two plans would be advanced
for the settlement of the account. One
he designated as the "international"
law plan" and the other the ''Wheel;
ing ordinance plan." He approved'
Maybe They Will, and
Washington.-The ; commission of
fine arts, which was called upon by
President Taft several days ago to
decide whether the District of Colum
bia should be allowed to build a re
formatory near Mount Vernon, has
decided that on esthetic grounds it
sees no objection in such action. The
regents of Mount Vernon and others
had objected to having the institu
tion so near the home of Washington.
The building will be three and a half
miles in a direct line across the water
If He Does lt.
Havana.-The city council of Ha
vana has voted a purse of $3,000 to
J. A. D. McCurdy, the American
aviator, In case he makes a success
ful flight in a heavier-than-air ma
chine from Key West to Havana.
Mr. McCurdy arrived in Havana on
the United States torpedo boat de
stroyer Paulding, for the purpose of
selecting a suitable landing place and
making other arrangements relative
to his proposed flight. The flight
will be made in a day or two. .
Just Miners Killed, That's All.
Richmond, Virginia.-Five men
were killed, four fatally hurt and
seven injured as a result of an explo
sion of dynamite or gas in the Gay
ton mines, about 15 miles west of
Richmond. The dead were Poles and
came to Virginia from Pennsylvania.
Seven were badly injured. They are
still in the mine, 1,200 to 2,000 feet
from the entrance.
The exact cause of the explosion is
unknown. An investigation will be
made to ascertain the cause.
Of Course, All Knew lt
Washington.-"Japan wants peace.
There is not the least desire in the
hearts of any of the Japanese people
to have war with the United States,
towards which they feel most friend
ly to which they look as a model of
justice and right"
This was the statement made by
Bishop M. C. Harris of the Methodist
Episcopal Church in Japan and Korea,
who called on President Taft. Japan,
her said, has the same desires and am
bitions as this country, the desire to
grow, but to grow by peace.