Oldest Newspaper In South Carolina.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 1,1911
The Originator of the Wi
Corn Tells of the Details ii
The Farmers Should
Profited by Sm
In 1885 I began to farm on a san
dy slightly rolling p'ace. It had
been under exhaustive cultivation
for many years, and the soil was
thin, making about six hundred
pounds of seed cotton per acre,
when well cultivated, with the use
of four hundred pounds of fertilizer,
costing $4, or ten bushels of corn
with $2 worth of fertilizer.
I followed the old wayT of early
fertilizing, planting high, working
rapidly, and buying corn. It al
ways made a big, flourishing stalk,
and was an annual joy in the spring,
and in the fall I was in annual sor
row. I knew that the fanner who
did not make provisions always fail
ed sooner or later, and in my case
all signs pointed to it being sooner.
So I applied more fertilizer at plant
ing times, and gave it more work.
It grew still larger than before, and
made even less, and I continued to
buy corn. I was getting out of
trouble nearly as fast as the frog
was getting out of the well.
I had seen real farmers make
more corn on much smaller stalks.
I had laughed at them in the spring,
and they at me in the fall, they al
ways, however, laughing last. So
profiting by their success, as well as
my failure, I began to plant lower,
and fertilize later, but it was not un
til I had allowed it to stand on a j
small ridge with the second work- j
ing furrows left open on both
.ides, that -the stalk could be forced
to give proper attention to making
The smallness of the stalk itself
now suggested that it could be
planted thicker in the drill.
Thus for more than t-o years I
kept on studying and experiment
ing, planting lower and thicker, and
stunting the stalk growth, after
which all fertilizers were applied,
nitrate of soda being saved for last
plowing. My yield gradually in
creased, until in 1904, when with
$11 worth of fertilizer per acre, the
yield was 84 bushels per acre, on my
crop of ten acres, the land being
good rows six fe*:t apart, and corn
eleven inches in drill. I was then
convinced that the principles of the
niethod were correct, and that by
its use corn could be made more
profitable than cotton. So in 1905
I increased my crop to seventy acres
on poorer land, and made 52 bush
els per acre, with $1.01 in fertiliz
ers; rows 6 feet apart and 10 inches
in drill. In 1'JOG, on 75 acres, with
$9.69 fertilizers per acre, I made
60 bushels per acre; rows 6 feet
feet apart and 18 iirhes in drill.
In 1907, 65 acres yielded 55 bush
els per acre, with $9.87 fertilizers
per acre, stand irregular from hail;
rows 6 feet apart.
This method which has been so
successfully followed in this section
is given in detail. With such mod.
ifications as any practical farmer
can make to suit his own soil and
climate, I believe that it can be
used with much profit throughout
the entire south, especi illy upon
sandy soils. T'-e tools named are
such as every one-horse farmer has.
Labor-saving implements can be
used, for I have known a crop prac
tically made with a two-horse rid
ing disc cultivator, lt is my pur
pose, however, to keep this method
within reach of the one-horse far
mer, and to so describe it that he
may derive its full benefit with the
tools that he has and under the con
ditions by which he is surrounded,
and not to tell him how well he
might succeed by using things that
he can not get. This method may
seem to call for a great deal of work
and much running wp and down the
rows, but I have tried both, and I
would rather be running up and
down the rows making corn than
up and down the road buying it.
Stiff land requires more breaking
and subsoiling than light, sandy
soils. Therefore, plough jour land
as it may require during the winter.
I do not break up more than one
fourth deeper than land has been
Do not plough land when it is
wet, no matter how far behind in
your work; it will pay to wait until
it is in proper condition, even
though you plant less, for it will
produce more. Especially is this
true at planting time, and when
ploughing near grow ing crops.
Lay off land in rows six feet
apart, and bed on these furrows
with turn plow until only a five
inch balk ;s left between these beds.
When reidy to plant break out this
balk with six-inch shovel or scooter,
and follow deep in same furrow
with narrow plow. Ridge on the
R GROWING CORN
lliamson Plan of Growing
i the Southern Cultivator.
Read and Preserve,
jcess of Others.
furrow with one round of same nar
row plow, or, if land is cold or low,
a larger plow may be used, making:
a higher and broader ridge. Plant
in this ridge'twice as thick as corn
is to be left, one grain in a hill, and
cover shallow, not over an inch and
a quarter deep, if early.
Plant as early as your seasons
and the nature of your land will
permit and only when the soil is in
good condition. Apply all fertil
izer later as directed.
It will make the corn easier to
work if a wide shovel is run deep in
center of middle (or bed) when corn
is planted, and it will also keep
much water from running down on
Throw two furrows with turn
plow on this shovel furrow when
convenient, and two more just be
fore second working. This will
make the second working easier,
and aJso clean the middles; which
may be worked over again, if nec
When j'our corn first needs work,
run on both sides with harrow or
small plow; when it is about eight
inches high, give second working
by running around it on both sides,
if on sandy land, with 10-inch
scrape, or sweep, set on point, and
if on stiff land use shovel. Thin
Leave these furrows open and do
not work corn again uutil it is so
stunted as to prevent its ever grow
ing larger than ?3 necessary to make
what corn the land is able to pro
duce. This does not mean that corn
should be left there to die, or even
neglected, but that it should be
compelled to use its energy in ear
making, and not allowed to waste
in stalkraaking. On poor or cold
land from ten to twelve days may
be enough, while rich soil may take
I twice as long. When you think
j that it has stood long enough, ap
ply one-half of mixed fertilizer in
! the open furrows next to corn, of
every other middle, and cover by
breaking out this middle vrith turn
plow. And side the corn at once
in this middle with 16-inch scrape,
pushing dirt around it, and cover
ing any grass that turn plow has
left. Corn should now be about
Within a week give other middle
same treatment then go back to first
middle as soon as possible, and sow
half of nitrate of soda in scrape fur
rows next corn, and cover as fast as
sown with one round of turn plow
shallow. Then sow peas broadcast
in this middle at rate of a bushel
per acre, unless very scarce, when
they maj* be dropped, and coyer by
breaking out middle shallow.
A few days later treat other mid
dle same way, which lays by corn
on slight bed with dirt around the
feed roots, before hardly bunching
for tassel. Lay by early, for more
corn is ruined by late plowing than
by lack of plowing. No hoeing
should be necessary, and thinning is
easier with one stalk in hill. Rub
corn with coal tar if birds or chick
ens are bad.
On sandy soils I wou ld use for a
25-40 bushel yield 100 pounds of
acid phosphate, 100 pounds cotton
seed meal and 200 pounds kainit per
acre, mixed, and 75 pounds nitrate
of soda at last plowing, leaving corn
16-20 inches in drill, rows 6 feet
apart. For-60 bushel yield I would
double amount of mixed fertilizer,
and also use 125 pounds nitrate of
soda, leaving corn 14-16 inches in
drill, rows 6 feet apart. Clay land
is said to require more prosphoric
acid and less potash; the fertilizing
not so late nor the planting so ear
ly; but this I do not know of my
Mix your own fertilizer-you will
then know what you have, save
money, and learn what your land
If you cannot grow peas, then
try velvet beans or iron peas, or
some nitrogen gathering crop which
will save your buying mo.e of this
expensive element next year than is
The land in these wid e rows is not
wasted, for it gives better room to
cultivate, enables the plant to get
more sunshine and light, besides
raising the vegetable tuatter, which
is the very life of the soil-without
it land can never be made rich, no
matter how much commentai fer
tilizer is used, nor can chis fertilizer
be made to pay on land lacking in
vegetable matter, however well cul
TTever burn vines or stalks or
grass, unless it be nut grass; and
PRIL ACPE OF CORN.
Mr. J. R. Smith Tells How He
Made Prize Yield on One
Acre. Cost of Work
is Very Small.
Land in very good state of culti
vation, was sowed in oats the year
before. After harvesting, sowed
peas in rows. Vines were left on
land, and turned under in fall about
eight inches. Next spring ran a
cut?Nvay harrow over land, double
cutting. In March, broke land
about sixteen inches deep with two
horse plow and subsoil.
Haid off rows four feet with
small plow, and put acid and kainit
in furrow then ridged, put stream
on each side of ridge, and bedded
to that. This left small ridge.
Bursted ridge with shovel plow,
putting acid and kainit in water
furrow, and ridged on this with
small plow, amount of acid and
kainit used, 800 pounds. The land
was now ready for planting.Kind of
corn corn used was Garick's Pro
lific. Corn was planted about
eight inches in row, about first of
When corn was eight inches high,
plowed with small sweep. In about
a week I put in twelve hundred
pounds of good guano, in one mid
dle. In about two days put eight
hundred pounds in other middle.
Ten days later, in ?rst middle,
put three hundred pounds of soda,
laying this by. In a week treated
other side the same.
I had little more than an acre
and gathered one hundred and thir
ty-five bushels on the patch.
Cost of making corn preparing
and working 85.20. Fertilizers
$37.05. Corn cost me about thirty -
ty-two cents per bushel.
J. R. Smith.
Trenton, S. C. Feb. 20, 1911.
it to th
It is question?.
school, no matter how goou, vin,
furnish the particular training for a
richer country life. Only a re-or
ganized, vitalized country school
can solve the problem. And the
new country school can not at all
begin the solution of this problem
unless the farmers believe more in
their own schools and support them
There is no other way. A train
ed teacher in a good sanitary house
with beautiful grounds is the
great thing needed.-Prof. O. J.
"Do you think the chills and fe
ver have decreased in violence?"
asked the Arkansas physician.
The patient smiled feebly. "'Doc,"
said he, "when the fever's on, my
head's so hot I can't think, and
when I have the chill I shake so
I can't hold an opinion."-Lippin
The celebrated soprano was in
the middle of her solo when little
Johnny said to his mother, refer
ring to the conductor of the orches
tra, "Why does that man hit at the
woman with his stick?"
"He is not hitting at her," repli
ed his mother. "Keep quiet."
"Well, then, what is she hollerin'
turn under all dead vegetable mat
ter possible, gradually deeper and
deeper until your soil will have
enough fertility and hold enough
moisture to make good crops at
small cost, almost regardless of rea
Get the best seed corn in your
neighborhood, that which does well
in other sections may utterly fail
when changed to yours. Select
heavy, solid, regular cars of medi
um size, and slightly tapering to
ward silk ends, well filled out be
tween the rows and at both ends
with grains long, full, thick and
free from weevils. Next fall select
this from small,' well-shaped stalks
Do not pull fodder or cut tops if
you can possibly help, for either
will lessen the yield.
An acre of strong stiff land well
prepared and fertilized, after oats,
and planted in sorghum, or sor
ghum and peas, will make more
forage than many acres of fodder at
much less cost.
i We learn nothing by doing noth
ing new; if you are not satisfied
with your present corn yield, try
an acre by this method, and follow
it closely and, even if it does not
suit you, it may teach you what
P ark*ville Having 'Tractions,"
Belles Plentiful. Grain Prom
ising. Quarterly Confer
ence at Plum Branch.
Some writer iu a medical journal
said in effect some time . ago, that
the whole world is crazy, and the
only difference-1''^ degree. This, of
course, may \_-^Jreme and far
fetched, but we all have ' our habits
and cranky notions5 which renders
us peculiar, if not part crazy, and I
want to say right herer.Mr. Editor,
that I am glad our governor is so
close to Dr. Babcock, and his asylum
which does, and should, take care
of us when we get to be a menace
to the public In order to insure pub
lic safety. I hereby .giye Dr. Bab
cock, my old friend^'jStrictly in
charge" to watch governor Coleman
L. Blease, and lock him np prompt
ly if he thinks in his expert judg
ment, public safety demands it.
Verbum sap aapienti.
Mrs. Anon is somewhat better
contented now. I think since there
is encouraging talk about our new
hotel and ferry, and tiren I surmise
she argues, Paskeville is beginning
to have functions. Why, Mrs. Anon
will tell me with all the authority
of a suffragete, they ar? beginning
to have functions iii Parksville.
What? says I. "Why s?ys she, they
have had a function ?t Mrs. Vir
ginia Stone's, at Miss Saillie Parks',
at Mrs. Claud Parks' and at Mrs.
Margaret Wales'. When she tells
me about all these high falutin
things *'thinks says I to myself I
had better move on, and so I goes
to my work, and says nothing.
Part of old Edg'efMcl's beaux,
made like they were o&jfeerful anx
ious for us to form Hayward coun
ty, so that they could get rid of the
Dark Corner, but I tell you they
have got their longing eyes on some
mighty "purty" thiiigs^jjpe have got
".---i- "orner...! want to
old maids, bemuuu.
not look a whit over sixteen, in fact
all sorts and varieties for you to
look over Mr. Beaux when you
chance to come to the dark
corner. Mr. Editor, if you don't
charge, please put the above ad in
your next issue, look wise and say
No news much now in these dig
gings from the fact the people have
gone to preparing the soil for anoth
er crop. A great deal of good, deep
plowing has been done, and the
guano that has been hauled, gee
whiz: There certainly must be a
large crop in process of planting
from the amount of commercial fer
tilizers that have been hauled from
here recently. The ladies arc also
gardening or having it done, and
the atmosphere is taking on a spirit
of push and activity, so to speak,
and no time for gossip or more
functions until the several crops
shall have been realized.
The frosts have been severe the
last few days, it seems to me, cold
enough to kill all the fruit, but ex
pert fruit men seem to think the
fruit is not hurt, and we hope they
Small grain is on a boom now,
which makes the broad fields of
oats clad in lovely grain a beauty
to behold, though not as much was
sown as should have been.
Rev. O. N. Rountree did not fill
his appointment at the Methodist
church yesterday morning at '1
o'clock on account of his quarterly
meeting at Plum Branch, but
brought down presiding elder Roper
who preached a strong sermon in
our Methodist church yesterday af
ternoon from the words: "Though
dead he yet speaketh." Mr. Roper
is a youthful looking, divine, possi
bly the youngest presiding elder in
the South Carolina conference,
though a forceful and able preacher.
He captivated his audience at once
by his earnest and eloquent treat
ment of the subject influence, which
was lucid and irreputable.
Cards are out announcing the
marriage of Miss Mattie Blackwell
to the Rev. Mr. Reed at the home
of her step mo*" er Mrs. Hattie
Ridlehoover to-morrow Tuesday the
28th. Miss Mattie was raised in this
community, and is one of the best
and sweetest girls that ever lived,
and we hope for her much usefulness
and happiness in her new Georgia
home. More Anon.
The more corn the more stock;
the more stock the richer the land;
the richer the land the more corn,
-and there you have the secret of
a rotation that is sure to bring sue?
Home of Walter Sawyer Burn
ed. Death of Mr. Dantzler
Toney, Mr. Crouch and
Mr. Jesse Lott.
Mr. J. 0. Baggott has received a
government appointment to conduct
an experimental farm at Saluda, S.
C., and he and his family will move
there at an early date. Mr. Baggot's
record as a farmer and the amount
of produce he made per acre, dur
ing the past year, is unsurpassed,
and is the proper man for the place.
Dr. G wy m visited his sister, Miss
Mary Gwym during the past week.
Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Hart are
guests at the home of Mr. J. R.
Mr. L. B. Russell, of Augusta,
has been spending a few days at the
home of Mr. P. C. Stevens.
3Ir. Walter Sawyer had a serious
loss from fire on Saturday afternoon.
He lives about a mile out from town,
and while he and his family were
here, fire started in some mysterious
way in the barn, and burned the
stable and an adjoining building,
which contained all of his farming
implements and quantities of meat
which he had cured and stored
away. Besides the produce in the
barn, a buggy and wagon were also
burned. A negro working nearby,
succeeded in getting the stock out
of the stables. Mr. Sawyer had no
Mr. Archie Smith of Chappells,
visited friends here recently.
A telegram was received here on
last Friday by Mr. Spann Toney,
stating the illness of his brother,
Mr. Dantzler Toney in a hospital in
New Orleans, La. Mr. Toney left
on Saturday for New Orleans, and
while he was on his journey, anoth
er telegram came stating the death
which bad occurred during Sunday
morning. It is not thought that the
body will reach here before Wed
nesday and no arrangements for the
MISS Alma VV oouwaru entertain
ed on Friday evening in compli
ment to her visiting friends.
Mrs. Mark Cox, of Charleston,
and Mr. Grady Hester, have been
visiting at the home of their father
Mr. J. W. Hester.
Mr. Benjamin Lewis has gone to
Tompson, Ga., to visit his aunt,
Mrs. Will Mobley.
, Dr. and Mrs. C. F. Strother went
to Walhalla last week to attend the
golden wedding, of Mr. and Mrs.
S. G. Welsh, the latter being a sister
of Dr. Strother. The affair was an
elaborate one and a happy feature
of the occasion was the presence of
five of the couples who had acted
as brides maids and groomsmen.
Dr. P. N. Kcesee went to Mid
dlebrook, Va., on Thursday after
noon to attend the burial of his
uncle, Mr. Mish, a telegram during
the morning, conveying the news to
Mrs. M. E. Norris is spending
tbis week in Atlanta, viewing the
new millinery displays, and making
purchases for her spring stock.
Dr. J. W. Mobley, of Milledge
ville, Ga., is spending this week
here with his father Dr. S. G. Mob
ley who is ill with typhoid fever.
Messrs. W. E. and J. E. La
Grone and Wilmot Ouzts went over
to Augusta on the 22nd to the Avia
Miss Edith Miller, of Trenton has
been the guest of . Miss Lillie La
Mrs. J. J. Wetherford, Miss Inez
Wetherford and Mr. Carl Lowrey,
of Saluda, were guests of Mrs.
James Bean during the past week.
Mrs. Maggie Hill and Miss Ina
Hill, of Edgefield have been spend
ing a few days here with relatives.
Mr. Will Crouch died at his
home here on Tuesday morning
after an illness of pneumonia. He
was the son of Mr. Simeon Crouch,
of the Harmony section, and was
about 38 years of age, and besides
his father and 3 brothers, he leaves
a widow, who was Miss Lula Hes
ter, and a little daughter. At the
time of his death, he was night
watchman, and performed his duties
faithfully. The interment was made
at Mt. of Olives cemetery, on Wed
nesday afternoon, the services being
conducted by his pastor Rev. Beck
ham, who was assisted by Dr. Dor
Miss Rhett Warren, who teaches
at Good Hope, spent Saturday and
Sunday at her home near here. She
was accompanied by Miss Effie and
Mr. James Bryant.
Dr. R. C. Holland, president of
the foreign mission board of the
Lutberan church south, preached
Every Contestant is Worki
Will be Given to the Cor
Largest Number of Sub
1st to March
Last week was certainly a good
week but we feel sure that this
week will be much greater as each
contestant will be sur* to do her
best to win the five dollar gold
piece. Miss Addie Stephens won
the .'5,000 free votes offered to the
contestant sending in the largest
number of subscriptions sent in
from Feb. 15 to Feb. 25th. Miss
Weinona Mathis was a close second,
coming within ninety cents of Miss
Stephens. This was certainly a
close race. Several others came
very close to the top nocch. Lets
all see if we can't make this the
E?ch contestant should do her
best to win five dollars as your
votes count also on the handsome
$400.00 piano. : Every one should
keep constantly at work as it is al
ways easier to keep your place than
to catch up when you are behind.
However; those who are leading
had better watch, for you have
some competitors who are mighty
ac?ve and they will catch you if
you are not careful. Miss Lila De
Laughter has taken a new start and
is making remarkable progress.
Miss Mary Emma Byrd has gone to
work and if each week ?3 as good
as last week she will make some of
you take notice. Miss Martha Dorn
keeps up her splendid work and is
making a mighty good race. Mrs.
C. A. Parks was quiet last week
but you may watch out for she will
be likely to surprise you this week.
The $5,00 in gold will be given for
the largest number of one year
subscriptions, new renewals, or col
lections. A subscription amount
Rule (2) Subscribers should take
receipt for all money given to con
Rule (3) The Contest Managers
signature must be affixed to votes
before same are of any value in
Rule (4) Ballots cannot be bought.
The Contest will be run on a square
and fair basis for all. Votes can
only be obtained by securing sub
scriptions, either prepaid or re
in St. John's church on Sunday
evening to a large congregatoin.
Mr. A. J. Mobley is at home from
a month's stay in Florida.
Mr. Claud Werts who has been
running a grocery store, has sold
out to Mr. Carl Lowry.
Mesdames Glover Tompkins and
James DeVore, visited their brother,
Mr. Albert Dozier last week.
Mr. Jesse Lott, who lives about
2 miles from here was found dead
in the early hours of Sunday morn
ing near his home. The circumstan
ces concerning his death are thus:
On Saturday afternoon, he walked
down to see something about a saw
mill which he intended placing, and
as night drew on,and he failed to ap
I pear, the family were alarmed and
begun a search. After several hours,
his body was found in the woods
behind his home, end it is supposed
that he attempted to come a nearer
wray, than by the road. The body
was upon its back, with hands
clasped, and there was nq evidence
of any struggle, or that he came to
his death by foul mean3. A physi
cian was summoned and it is
thought that he must have died
from a sudden attack of heart fail
The following notice has been
sent to all the missionary societies,
Sunbeam bands and Y\ W. A. S.
in Edgefield associations.
First Baptist Church, Edgefield,
April 24-25, 1911.
The Executive Board of South
Carolina Woman's Missionary Un
ion announces a Missionary Insti
tute to be held in First Baptist
Church Edgefield, S. C., April 24
Mrs. I. W. Wingo, president of
union, Mrs. C. E. Watson, V. P.
Northern Division, Mrs. A. L.
Crutchfield, Cor. Sec., and Mrs. W.
J. Hatcher, supt. of young people's
societies, will conduct the institute.
The object of the institute is, by
simple, definite and direct presen
(TAXES VERY WARI
ng Hard. $5.00 in Gold
[testant Sending in the
scriptions from March
i 10th, 1911.
newals, or by catting the nomina
tion coupon or free voting blank
out of the paper.
Rule (?) No employee of The
Advertiser or a member of his or
her family will be permitted to par- .
ticipate either as a nominator or vo
ter in the contest.
Rule (6) Candidates will not be
restricted in securing subscriptions
to any territory, but may secure
them in any place in the United
Rule (7) Only one nomicating
coupon, entitling each contestant to
one thousand (lOOO) voies, will be
Rule (8) All votes must be in
The Advertisers office by Saturday
midnight of each second week from
issue or else they will not be count
ed cn the minor prizes that will be
offered during the contest. Votes
cast on these prizes will also count
on the piano. '
Rule (9) Votes once issued can
not be transferred to another con
Rule (io) Contestants in contest
must agree to accept all rules and
conditions in the contest
Rule (ll) The right is reserved
to reject the name of any contes
tant for cause, also to alter tb ese
rules should the occasion demi nd.
Rule (12) Any question that may
arise between the contestants will
be decided by the contest manager
and bis decision will be final.
Rule (13) Under no condition
will the nominators name be divulg
ed. The manager will be al
ways ready to call and explain any
thing regarding trua-cA?***?*
year 2,000 Votes.
lt 5,000 "
Renewal and Collections.
tation of plans and methods to en
able leaders to work more effective
ly in Woman's Missionary Sooieties,
Young Woman's Auxilarie??, and in
young people's societies.
Such topics as "Society Mechan
ism," The Prayer-Life of Society,
"Fifty years of Woman's Work,"
Organization and aims of Y. W. A.
and Y. P.S., etc., etc,, will be spok
en upon. A part of each session
will be devoted to round table dis
Instructions will be given in or
ganizing and conducting Mission
There will also be an outline of
work for mission study classes in
"Southern Baptist Foreign Mis
sions," and in one or two junior
The Executive Board asks that
one delegate be sent from your so
ciety (in band and R. A. organiza
tion only leaders will be expected)
who upon her return will put into
practice what she has gained from
Institute. The meeting will con
tinue two days, and delegates will
receive entertainment. Names of
those who wish entertainment should
be sent in as early as possible to the
chairman of the hospitality com
mittee, Mrs. Mamie N. Tillman,
Edgefield, S. C.
The hours of meeting will be
from 8 p. m. to 10 p. m. and from
10 a. m. to 1:00 p. m. From 2:30
p. m. to 5:00 p. m.
Not only the delegates but every
member of every society is earnest
ly urged to pray for the success of
Mrs. Mamie N. Tillman,
Chairman Hospitality Com.
Mrs. J. L. Mims,
Professor A. (meeting Prof. B.
wheeling his baby in a perambula
tor)-"Ab. taking your son out for
Prof. B.-"No, I'm taking my
heir out for a sunning."-Woman's
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