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Jefferson Davis and His Nerves.
Jefferson Davis shrank from the
eight ef every form of suffering, even
In imagination. When the "Babes In
the Wood" was first read to him, a
grown man, in time of illness, he
.would not endure the horror of it
Ills sympathy with the oppressed was
almost abnormal, "so that," says Mrs.
Davis, "it was a difficult matter to
*eep order with children and serv
ants." All this shows that he was
nervous, sensitive, which is a terrible
randlcap to a leader of men. He suf
fered always from nervous dyspepsia
and neuralgia and "came home from
tis office fasting, a mere mass of
throbbing nerves and perfectly ex
hausted." He was keenly susceptible
to the atmosphere about him, especial
ly to the moods of people, "abnormal
13" sensitive to disapproval. Even a
child's disapproval discomposed him."
And Mrs. Davis admits that this sen
sitiveness and acute feeling of being
misjudged made him reserved and un
approachable. It made him touchy as
to his dignity also, and there are sto
ries of his cherishing a grudge for
Mme insignificant or Imagined slight
and punishing the author of lt-Gama
liel Bradford, Jr., in Atlantic.
Irving and His Money.
John Hare, the English actor, said
that one of the failings charged to
Irving's account was that of extrava
gance-that he did not know the value
of money. It is quite true he did not
know the value of money for himself,
but he knew its value to others. He
knew its value to the poor and help
less, and to these he gave with a
Once, not long before his death,
playing a three nights' engagement in
an unpretentious midland town, his
habit was to drive nightly to the thea
ter (a very short distance from his
hotel) in the same dilapidated fly. The
fare was a shilling. The conveyance
was shabby, the driver old, poor and
worn out At the conclusion of the
,v- engagement, on entering his hotel, Irv
ing said to the landlord, "Have you
paid the cabman?" "Yes, Sir Henry."
I "What did you give him for himself?"
*T gave him half a crown, Sir Henry."
".Give him a sovereign," was the re
joinder; "he drives very well, and he
doesn't drive often."
The Myth of the Doones.
How largely Mr. Blackmore drew
upon his imagination for the story of
"Lorna Doone" is made clear by F.
W. Hackwood fln his book, "The Good
Old Times." There were, in fact, no
Doones. The word was simply a local
bogy, a modified form of "Dane," a
memory of the faro ff times when the
viking invaders harried the land "The
only vestige of actuality discoverable
ls a faint tradition that a fugitive from
the battle of Sedgmoor, to escape the
hangings of Judge Jeffreys, appropriat
ed the ruins of some wretched huts in
recesses of the Badgworthy glen, now
the Doon valley,' finding there a safe
retreat in which he reared a consider
able family, which managed to eke out
a living by committing petty depreda
tions in the district. The 'last of the
Doones,' an old man and his grand
daughter, are said to have perished in
the snow during the winter of 1800."
Joy In S tor* For Some One.
Among the advertisements in a
UpB?httiij- ?BrfM I hr "we find thlsj^
For Sale or Exchange.-A ririe^youns
male bobcat and a female coyote; also a
Mandolin and pair of fleldglasses.
Such opportunities as this are not
Often offered. The fieldglasses most
of us could manage to do without, but
the male bobcat, the female coyote
ind the mandolin would go far to
make life happy for any reasonable In
dividual. All these are productive of
music, and music gives joy to all right
ly constituted persons. There are, of
course, some people who cannot play
upon a mandolin, but P ""body can
play upon a bobcat or a coyote. This
Jlne chance to get a varied and inter
esting collection of musieal instru
ments will undoubtedly bring many
replies.-Rochester Union and Adver
The Laziest People.
There is no doubt that the Malays are
among the laziest people in the world.
Excep t in rare cases they will not take
the trouble to learn when they are
young, and afterward, if they have
learned, they will not exert themselves
to apply their knowledge to any object
which require a sustained effort
That they possess effort ls known to
any one who has seen Malays engaged
in any enterprise which savors of
sport They do not mind the trouble
If there is only some risk and excite
ment in the work.-Times of Malaya.
A Marked Judge.
The descriptive reporter of a certain
Cally leaper in describing the turning
of a dog out of court by order of the
bench recently detailed the occurrence
as follows: "The ejected canine as he
was ignominiously dragged from the
room cast a glance at the judge for
the purpose of being able to identify
him at some future time."
Work of Providence.
"The man died eating watermelons,"
some one said to Brother Dickey.
"Tea, sub," he said. "Providence
sometimes puts us in paradise befo'
we gita ter heaven."-Atlanta Consti
"What would you think, daddy, if
Algernon Nocash should suggest be
coming your son-in-law?"
"Withdraw, my dear, while I think
A Very Great Impediment.
Ladies' Seminary Examiner-Misa
Jones, ' state the chief Impediment to
marriage. Candidate-When no one
presents himself.-Fliegende Blatter.
"What became of that cake I baked
fco? you?" demanded the fiancee.
"I sent it downtown to have my
monogram engraved on It," replied the
illance.-Kansas City Journal.
The Worst to Come.
? "Do you think we have heard the
(Worst of the discords In our party?"
"Not yet," replied the musical man.
'"Just wait till our glee club gex? to
" What "Hamlet" Lacked.
In a mining camp town "Hamlet"
was one evening given by a strolling
company, and this is the criticism that
appeared next day in the local papers,
written by the miner dramatic critic:
"There ls too much chinning in this
piece. The author is behind the times
and seems to forget that what we
want nowadays is hair raising situa
tions and detectives.
"In the hands of a skillful play
wright a detective would have been
put upon the track of Hamlet's uncle,
and the oil man would have been
hunted down In a manner that would
have lifted the audience out of their
"The moral of the piece is not good.
The scene where Hamlet sasses his
mother is a very bad example to the
"Our advice to the author is more
action, more lovemaking and plenty
of specialties. The crazy girl scene
should be cut out altogether and a
rattling good song and dance substi
Charles V. at Table.
Emperor Charles V. of Austria, by
far the most powerful ruler of his day,
was thus described as he appeared at
table by Roger Aschara, secretary to
the English ambassador, in 1550: "I
stood hard by the emperor's table. He
had four courses; he had sod beef
very good-roast mutton, baked hare;
tuese be no service in England. The
emperor hath a good face, a constant
look; he fed well of a capon; I have
had a better from mine hostess Barnes
many times In my chamber. He and
Ferdinando, king of the Romans, ate
together very handsomely, carving
themselves where they list, wiurout
any curiosity. The emperor drank the
best that ever I saw; he had his head
In the glass five times as long as any
of us and never drank less than a good
quart at once of Rhenish wine." It
was notorious that the emperor ate
and drank Immoderately, and as a nat
ural result he suffered terribly from
gout from the time he was thirty years
Game to the Last.
Douglas MacDonald and his old cro
ny, Donald MacDougal, were once op
posed to each other In a famous curl
ing match, and the last two stones to
finish the game were the two cronies'.
Donald MacDougal, with enormous
deliberation, threw his stone. He
threw it well. He made what is called
a pat lid and jumped for joy. Then it
was Douglas MacDonald',* turn. His
case seemed hopeless, but ouch a splen
did throw did he make that the pat
lld was knocked off, and his stone lay
at the side of the tee, winning the
game. In his joy the old fellow jump
ed sky high. He came down so hard
that he broke right through the ice.
He sank, but, bobbing up again, he
shouted from the cold water:
"HL lads, we've won, and if I dinna
come oot o' here alive be sure ye pit
that stone on my grave!"-Exchange.
Dirt and Death.
When a celebrated Paris physician
was asked how the city could prevent
the coming of a plague then ravaging
other European places he answered,
?Boll your Ice!" That tersely called
attention to the necessity of utter
cleanliness and that eiten -fcemade
J?roni'Impnrty water eagled dlseasev-*
"Yellow fever," said Henry Ward
Beecher, "is pod Almighty's opinion of
dirt" The chief contributing cause
toward modern efficiency in surgery ls
that surgeons have learned to keep
clean. Nothing ls so spotless as a good
hospital. Everything is boiled and
sterilized-beds, Instruments, clothing,
washrags, floors, hands and finger
nails. That is why they save lives
there. Nobody would die if he could
keep perfectly clean. Death ls the
final triumph of I dirt-Chicago Trib
He Understood the People.
One of Jay Gould's campaigns as a
dealer in railways was with the Wa
bash system of railroads. He got con
trol and after effecting a reorganiza
tion which increased the capital stock
and also thc bonded debt sold them
out It ls related of him at this time
that an associate said to him, "Mr.
Gould, don't you think you are bond
ing this much higher than the property
will stand?" "That may be," answer
ed he, "but the American people are
mighty partial to bonds."
She Hat Positive Proof.
The Cook-Sure, an' ye don't mane
to tell me that ye think it's bad luck
to break a mirror? The New Maid
(earnestly)-I don't think; I know it
The Cook-Glory be! An' how do ye
know it? The New Maid-Every time
I break one I lose my job.-New York
Part of th? Role.
"Shall we pose a? millionaires or as
foreign dukes at the hotel?"
"As the latter, my boy. As million
aires we might be expected to display
some evidences of wealth, but as
dukes nobody can possibly take it
amiss if we skip."-Kansas City Jour
Currying No Favor.
"Lend s hand, Hiram, and help ketch
the alderman's pig."
"Let the alderman ketch his own pig.
rm out of politics fer good."-louis
Taken at His Word.
Creditor-Suppose TU have to wait
Hil the day of Judgment for what you
owe. Debtor-Yes; call late in the day,
Thought works in? silence; so does
virtue. One might erect statues to
silence.-^Caxljrle. _^ . ' ;
Tho Very Idea!
Mr. Woggs*-I'm through with Bump.
I told him we sire going to name our
baby after some great personage and
asked him for a- suggestion. Mrs.
Woggs-What did he say? Mr. Wogga
-Ile said. "Name it after ours."-Puck.
How Could He?
Aunt-You will never learn how to
manager your money. Karl. Nephew
-Can you wonder at it, auntie? My
acquaintance with it ls always so short
Genuine sardines are the yonng of
the pilchard. Their name comes from
the fact that they are most numerous
off the coast of Sardinia. They swim
in tho spring in shoals containing mil
lions-fish shaped shoals ten miles long
and a half mile wide. The sardines are
netted and taken at once to the shore.
There they are washed, scraped and
sprinkled with salt. The salt is soon
removed, the heads and gills cut off
and there is another washing. Then,
on beds of green brush, the fish are
dried in the sun. Next they are boiled
m olive oil till cooked thoroughly. The
packers-women always-take them
now and pack them in the tm boxes
we all know, filling up each box with
bolling oil, fitting on the lid and mak
ing the boj air tight by soldering the
Joints together with a jet of hot steam.
Sardines are more or less perfect ac
cording as they are prepared^nore or
less immediately after their capture
and according as the oil they are pack
ed m is more or less pure.
The Young French Girl.
A young French girl enters the thea
ter with her father. She takes her
seat directly in front of the privileged
American girls "finishing" their edu
cation. Her untouched flowerlike face
ls alight with anticipated pleasure,
with a soft vividness of intelligence
that could never be cursed with the
word "brainy." Her hair is bound
with a little old fashioned snood and
tiny buckle; a strangely simple even
tog dress covers the exquisite ardor
of her slender body. Quickly four
faces, the faces of the overindulged,
the overprecocious, the overathletic and
the overdressed, turn to study her.
There is* something to learn in this lit
tle French maid, whose eyes never
meet a man's, who is never allowed to
walk alone on the street, whose un
conscious grace envelops her like a
Tell, who is sheltered like a delicate
bird, yet trained to the utmost energy,
reserve, accomplishment and useful
Wall Street Superstition.
Almost all the Wall street specula
tors are superstitious fellows who be
lieve in charms and amulets. In their
pockets they carry lucky coins, a rab
bit's foot, a horse chestnut or some
thing of the kind. One Wall street
man, much envied by his companions,
has a short piece of a hangman's rope
to conjure with. Many of the custom
ers in the offices are even more credu
lous :han the professional traders in
their belief in signs and omens. There
is a deep seated tradition that Tues
day ?3 "low day" in a "bull market"
and "high day" to a "bear market"
Some persons speculate on "systems,"
and others employ "charts." Once
they exploited a machine In Wall
street known as a "market register."
It w?.s about as effective as helping
anybody to win at Stock Exchange
speculation as it is to rub up against a
hunchback for luck Just before you bet
on a horse race.-Munsey's Magazine.
He Got Valuable Information.
The story ls told of the times of
Are tas Blood and the old Manchester
locomotive works that a student came
to Mr. Blood once and wanted to study
the business of locomotive building In
his vacation days. The student came
well recommended, and Mr. Blood,
.tech" people, sent him down to the
boiler shop and placed him in charge
of the old foreman. The old man took
the "tech" man around, and to the
course of the inspection of the shop
they came across one boiler on the in
side of which was a man at work.
"How does that man get out?' In
quired the "tech" man.
"Oh," said the venerable pilot "he
doesn't get out We always count
upon losing at least one man in build
ing a boiler."-Manchester Union.
Napoleon Obeyed the Mob.
In "The Corsican-A Diary of Na
poleon's Life In His Own Words,"
Bonaparte tells how, as an obscure sol
dier, he witnessed some of the open
ing scenes of the revolution: "I lodged
Bue du Mail, Place des Victories. At
the sound of the tocsin and at the
news that the Tuileries were attacked
I started for the Carousel. Before I
had got there in the Rue des Petits
Champs I was passed by a mob of hor
rible looking fellows parading a head
stuck on a pike. Thinking I looked too
much of a gentleman, they wanted me
to shout 'Vive la nation!' which I did
promptly, as may easily be Imagined."
When a Great Man Dies.
There can be but austere and serious
thoughts In all hearts when a sublime
spirit makes Its majestic entrance toto
another life, when one of those beings
who have long soared above the crowd
on the visible wings of genius, spread
all at once other wings which we
not see, plunges swiftly toto the
unknown.-From Hugo's Funeral Ora?
tlon on Balzac.
"He used to complain because he
never got what he wanted to eat."
"Yes, but he's rich now."
"Yes, and now he complains because
he never wants what he gets to eat"
Catholic Standard and Times.
Knicker-Jones has a bad memory.
Booker-His mother never knew what
were trumps, and his father couldn't
remember anything on the witness
stand.-New York Sun.
The Stage and Society.
Blobbs-Society women are still go
ing on the stage. Slobbs-But the
stage is overcrowded now. Blobbs-So
ls society.-Philadelphia Record.
Happiness ls where we find it, rarely
Where we seek 1L~J. Petit Sean.
Steam laundry Notice.
My patrons are requested to leave
their Laundry at Jas. E. Hart's old
stand, with Mr. M. A. Parks.
Work sent on Tuesdays and return,
ed Saturdays. First-class work
JAM KS E. HART.
Imprisonment For Debi.
About the middle of the last cen
tury the power of imprisoning a debt
or for life was taken from the creditor,
and lt fills one with amazement to
think that a system so ridiculous
6hould have continued as long as lt
did. The three principal debtors' pris
ons in England were the King's Bench,
the Marsbalsea and the Borough
Compter. In the year 1759 there were
20,000 prisoners for debt in Great Brit
ain and Ireland. The futility of the
system was quite as great as its bar
barity. More than half the prisoners
in some of the prisons were kept there
solely because they could not pay the
attorneys' costs. Many prisoners had
their wives and children with them.
There was no Infirmary, no resident
surgeon and no bath. Imagine a njlace
in these days containing 1,399 persons
and no bath and no infirmary! We
have indeed "progressed."-Dundee Ad
How Far Can You SeeT
What ls the farthest limit to which
the human vision can reach? Power
In his book, "The Eye and Sight," gives
the ability to see thje ator Alcor, situat
ed at the tall of the Crest Bear, as
tho test Indeed,, tbs Arabs call it
the test star. It ls most exceptional
to be able to sos Jupiter's satellites
with the naked eye, though ont or two
cases are recorded, tte third Satellite
being the saost distinct Peruvians are
said to bs the longest sighted mos on
earth. Humboldt records s casa where
thee? Indiana perceived a human fig
ure eighteen miles sway, be inf able
to recognize that lt was human and
clad in white. .This ls probably the
record for far sight
Probably He Wouldn't
A country rector, coming up to
preach at Oxford In his turn, complain
ed to Dr. Routh, the venerable princi
pal, that the remuneration was very
inadequate, considering the traveling
expenses and the labor necessary for
the composition of the discourse.
"How much did they give you?" in
quired Dr. Routh.
"Only ?5," was the reply.
"Only ?5?" repeated the doctor.
"Why, I would not have preached that
sermon for fifty f-Bric-a-Brac
"Your composition, as a whole," said
the professor of literature, "deserves
sx great deal of praise, but I must ob
ject to the expression, 'as fine as hens'
teeth;' it ls not merely uncouth, but
also suggestive of nature faking, for
it ls common knowledge that hens'
teeth do not exist."
T do not see why they don't exist,"
muttered the composer. "Don't combs
have teeth, and don't hens have
A Dig at May.
"I thought you said May Nagget had
married a good natured man?"
"So she did."
"Nonsense! I met him J ?st now; anc*
he's a beast"
"Well, he's been married to May
nearly four months now, you know."
of corn o?
parts of thi
than in the
cates, but A
can read th
Putting th? Owl to Uta.
There is a choice old recipe, in which
the owl figures, "to make any one
that sleepeth answer to whatsoever
thou ask," given in "Physick For the*
Poor," published in London in 1657.
It says that you are to "take the heart
of an owl and his left leg and put
that upon the breast of one that
sleepeth, and they shall reveal what
soever thou shalt ask them."
The Hindus, however, declare that
the flesh or blood of an owl will
make a person insane who eats or
drinks it. On this account men who
are devoured by jealousy of a rival or
hatred of an enemy come furtively to
the market and purchase an owl. In
silence they carry it home and secretly
prepare a decoction, which an accom
plice will put into the food or drink of
the object of their malignant designs.
Wanted a Supply.
"Politics," remarked a Washington
official, "ls a science as well as a cir
cus. One of the funniest things I ever
heard in that connection was about
the cowboy delegate to the constitu
tional convention of Nevada when that
territory was about to become a state.
In the constitution was the stereo
typed paragraph about the new state's
having two senators to represent lt in
Washington. When it was read to the
convention the cowboy delegate rose
and yelled out: 'What's the use of
limiting lt to two? We're overwhelm
ingly Republican, and we can elect as
many as we want' "-Washington
"Critics are fine chaps," said an Eng
lish actor, "but I must confess that
when they condemn your play you feel
"T wonder why we call the people
In the top of the house gods?' an ac
tress asked an unsuccessful playwright
" 'We do that,' the unsuccessful play
wright answered, 'so as to distinguish
them from the people in the bottom of
the house who write the criticisms.' "
An actor and a retired army man
were discussing the perils of their re
"How would you like to stand with
shells bursting all round you?" the
"Well," replied the actor, "it depends
on the age of the egg."
Friend-And were you ever in Ven
ice? Mr. Richquick-Yes. Slowest
town I was ever in. The sewers were
busted all the time we were there!
A Warm Welcome.
Sapleigh-Are you positive that Misa
Cutter ls not in? The Maid-Yes, slr.
Pd lose my; Job If I wasn't-Boston
Transcript j ^
Let us sell you a refrigerator.
They are a necessity as well as real
luxury in hot weather.
Stewart & Kernaghan.
.aged by the success of
give additional stimu]
y, The Advertiser will
rmer who grows the g]
i one acre of land duri
eld county who grows
?f corn on one acre dui
joing prizes are offered uno
ited restrictions. The eon1
lize it as they please and cu
requirement is made: The
[ not composed of two or m<
B farm. The area planted i
> for measurement of the lai
past contests, and will not
viii be published in several
.em and become familiar wi
will be awardei
Can You Telephone
If you could telephone your veterinary like
this Farmer in case of sickness or accident to your
live stock, you could probably save the life of a
valuable animal. Every Farmer should be pre
pared for such emergencies.
The telephone costs very little. Why not
put one on your Farm ?
Our free booklet gives all the details. Write
for it today. . Address
J Farmers line Department
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
& TELEGRAPH COMPANY
South Pryor St., Atlanta, Ga.
SALE and LIVERY
Plum Branch, S. C,
I desire tcTnotify* the public that I bave just re
ceived a large shipment of Tennessee mules that are
strictly first class, and my prices are right. Also let
me supply your needs for horses ?hat are high class in
every respect. We want our friends to know that
we are conducting a first class sale, trade and livery
stable. If I haven'r/got what you want, I will order ,
it for you. Call te see me and inspect my ?stock be
J. R. & R. L. RODIE,
Plum Rranch, ... South Carolina
last year's corn contest and in
[us to the production of corn in
conduct another corn contest
Fifteen dollars in Gold Coin
will be given the Edgefield
reatest number of bushels on
ng the year 1911.
I, Ten dollars in Gold Coin
!. will be given thc farmer
the second largest number of
ing the year 1911.
onditionally and without embarrassing
;estants can plant their corn when they
iltivate by whatever system they please
i acre must be in one continuous plot of
ore rich spots selected from different
nust NOT be less than one acre.
id and corn next fall will be more rigid
only be printed on the judge's certifi
issues of the paper, so that everybody
Gold this Year
I at the County Fair.