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F you did not eat three dozen
bananas last . nr, you did not
have your share. Over 40,000,
000 bunches, or more than
3,000,000,000 bananas, were im
ported into the United States in
1910. The immensity of this
shipment can be more readily
grasped by the statement that
it would coyer an area 20 feet
wide, reaching from New York
to San Francisco, or, placed end
to end, would extend thirteen
times around the earth at the
equator. The "slip" in the peels
would launch th?! ships of the
world. The wholesale value of
the 1910 importation, at point of export, was
over $12,500,000, while in all probability the con
suming public of the United States expended
over $35,000,000 for this delectable fruit
During the past ten years the number of
bananas consumed in the United States has
more than doubled, and the increased tropical
acreage under cultivation assures even more
startling figures for the, next decade. Many
European countries are importing large quanti
ties of bananas; last year Great Britain con
sumed over $8,000,000 worth, Germany, over
$1,000,000, and France, $500,000.
With the world's decreasing food supply, and
the wheat crop at a standstill, the banana comes
forward as an important factor in saving the
day. One acre with little labor will annually
produce 17,000 pounds of bananas, or more than
one and one-third times as much food substance
as an acre of corn, two and onti-third times as
much as oats, almost three times as much per
acre as wheat and potatoes, and four times as
much as rye. The chemical composition of ba
nanas and potatoes is almost identical.
Forty years ago there were very few people In
this country who could toast of having seen a
bunch of bananas. The irait was practically un
known. Now, in even the most remote country
store, this "pride of the tropics" is a familiar
' Despite the fact that millions of bunches are
consumed, they belong almost wholly to one
member of the family, the common yellow
Scientists have recognized and classified as
many as 40 different species, ranging from the
ornamental groups that do not develop fruit, to
the giant bananas, the Pl?tano of the Spaniards.
The red banana is not common in the Ameri
can markets. In the United State* il is used
only to "dress" fancy baskets of fruit, but in
the tropical countries it is quite a favorite. The
Individual banana is large, but the stalk does
not carry as many "hands" as the yellow varie
ties, so as it does not bring as large a price to
the grower and wholesaler, its extensive cultiva
tion is not encouraged.
Banana culture is one of the oldest of indus
tries. It has been known since the origin of
the human race. Long before the dawn of his
tory in the old world, perhaps long before the
old world rose from the waters, man lived on
the fruit of the Musas. The banana was gen
erally considered a native of southern Asia,
and to have been carried into America by
Europeans, until Humboldt threw doubt upon
its purely Asiatic origin, quoting early authors
who asserted that the banana was cultivated
in America long before the conquest. It is
claimed that at the time of the Incas in Peru,
bananas formed one of the staple foods of the
natives of the warm and temperate regions of
the Montana. In spite of the uncertainty as
to just which country may claim the fruit as
indigenous, all tropical lands assert their right
The first importation of bananas to the
United States occurred in 1804, when the
schooner Reynard, on a voyage from Cuba,
brought into New York, as a commercial ven
ture, a consignment of 30 bunches; but the
real beginning of the trade dates back to 1866,
when Mr. Charles Frank undertook the im
portation of fruit from Colon to New York.
Previous to that venture small cargoes con
sisting mainly of the red banana had been re
ceived at irregular intervals from Cuba. In
1870, Captain Baker, an owner of a Cape Cod
schooner, took a charter to carry gold miners
and machinery 300 miles up the Orinoco river
In Venezuela. After discharging his cargo,
Captain Baker ran into Jamaica to secure
some cocoanuts as ballast to New York, carry
ing a few bunches of bananas on the deck as
an experiment. The result promised a great
future for the industry on that isiand, which
has been fulfilled, the exports last year reach
On the American continent, bananas are suc
cessfully grown through 50 degrees of latitude,
from Tampico, Mexico, 25 degrees north, to
Asuncion in Paraguay, in the Tropic of Capri
corn, 25 degrees south-a belt over 3,000 miles
in width. Cultivation of the fruit is practical
People of the Flowery Kingdom Will
Keep Holy, the First Day of
day of rt
China is showing signs of exceeding
even the speed attained by Japan,
when once started on the way from
medievalism to modernism. The j liglous, t
Flowery Kingdom, which, during flclal. S
many centuries, has existed unto it- rest com
self, is awakening to the advantages ] on sciant
ly restricted to the eastern coast line, for the
banana is one of the thirstiest of plants, and
cannot be expected to produce its maximum
amount of fruit in districts where there are
less than 100 inches of annual rainfall. Un
fortunately for humanity, great areas of the
land lying within this belt are high, dry and
sterile, while others are sandy or rocky, so
only a small fraction is so located that banana
growing can be made profitable. The altitude
must not invite danger of frost, and high tem
perature is necessary for the growth. The
southern coast of the Mexican gulf, the Puerto
Barrios section of Guatemala, the Puerto
Cortes district of Honduras, the Puerto Limon
district of Costa Rica, the Blueflelds district of
Nicaragua, the Bocas del Torro region of Pan
ama, the Colombian province of Santa Marta,
and certain portions of Cuba, Jamaica, the Do
minican Republic, Haiti and Dutch Guiana, all
combine the favored elements of soil and cli
The plan* has two natural enemies-the
gopher and the wind storm-but against al
most all other tropical conditions its hardi
hood is remarkable.
It is a matter of common observation that
the banana is absolutely seedless, cultivation
through innumerable generations having led
to a vi etable method of propagation. Some
of the primitive seed-bearing varieties are
still said to exist in isolated regions of the far
The first step toward cultivation is the clear
ing of the land. Into the tangle of shrubs and
vines and the thick snarl of tropical vegeta
tion the laborer comes with an ax and
"machete" and cuts low everything but the
giant trees. When all of the small timber and
brush has been felled planting is commenced.
Young shoots are obtained from a planta
tion already in bearing and these are placed in
rows about 12 feet apart. When the planting
is finished, the only labor necessary is to keep
rn civilization,and is hastening
up for lost time. Its latest
embodied In an official de
Ion to observe Sunday as a
?st. While the considerations
g this step, may not be re
he result is sure to be ben?
ix days o: work to one of
?titute proportions justifiable
;iflc grounds, and furthermore
will help to put C
the rest of the cl
importance of th<
following one anc
the extent to whi
may be appr?ci?t
sldered that until
tion outsiders, in
part of China, we
There were no ra
position to perm:
of any or to encc
already tested by
tice. China not
down the weeds and care
fully clean the ground
about the the root of t-?ch
The banana plant will
grow with wonderful rap
idity under favorable cir
cumstances. In fact, the
development from a new
ly planted sucker to the
plant in full bearing is
simply short of marvel
ous. Within a space of
six or seven weeks the
two or three foot plant
has more than doubled in
size, and a month or so
later the leaves cease to
unfold and a spike ap
pears out of the center of
tho crown. This is the fu
ture stalk of the bunch
and carries a huge red
blossom at the end. It
develops rapidly, continually bending more and
more until in a short time it has turned com
pletely upon itself, so that the bananas grow
end up or in a poeltton the reverse of which
they are usually hung. From seven to twelve
months after the blossom appears the fruit
is ready for the gatherer. At irregular inter
vals along the entire stalk, and only extending
part of the way round at any one place, the
bracts break forth tiny ridges of flowers
which are almost immediately replaced by
nine to twelve embryo bananas. These are
the future "hands" of the bunch, so called on
account of their resemblance to those mem
bers when held In a certain position.
The banana has a curious and prodigal meth
od of propagation, for before the parent stalk
and fruit have matured new ones spring up.
These are offshoots that grow from the root of
the original planting, resembling sprouts from
the "eyes" of a potato, and each in turn be
comes a parent stalk with its fruit It follows
that unless most of the continually appearing
new plants are cut out (which is the practice)
the first stalk in a few years will become the
center of a miniature jungle. The plants grow
to a height of from fifteen to thirty-five feet,
spreading in all directions, until the soil is
overburdened with an enormous mass of stalk
and leaf growth, and stunted fruit is produced.
In planting for the market about 200 hills are
allowed to the acre. Sometimes the number
can be safely Increased to 225, in which case
lhere will be 500 stalks. However, after one
year all of these stalks do not produce a mar
ketable bunch of bananas, and the average
yield is not over 300 full bunches to the acre
Perry, the well-known authority on bananas,
estimates that a grower can produce a bunch
for from ten to fifteen cents, which will have
a market value of 30 cents. The cost of pro
ducing after the first crop ls confined to culti
vating and harvesting, which may be done for
hina in accord with
vlllzed world. The
? re'forms that are
)ther in China and
ch they are radical
ed when it is con
the present genera
re "foreign devils."
ilroads, and no dls
It the constructlo;
lurage anything noi
centuries of prac
only haa railways
now, but is building mon
in prospect a network of Ur
Iron the empire. It has a ]
a constitution and a cabin
acquisitions of a decade. Cl
destined in a very short wb
a much more important po
is now occupies in world ?
On a camping trip of you
two of the girls volunteei
breakfast the first morning
from $10 to $20 per acre yearly. The net profit,
however, averages about $50 per acre in the
various banana producing sections. The banana
often grows in combination with other products.
In some cases it is used as a shade for young
A great many people are of the opinion that
the banana would be much better if it was al
lowed lo ripen on the plant, but this is not the
case. Such fruit is strong in flavor, does not
mature to perfection, and the skin breaks, at
tracting numerous insects, while the weight of
the bunch itself becomes too great for the plant,
either one or both coming to the ground. The
buuches are cut when the fruit is one-half to
three-quarters matured, though still green and
as hard as nails. It continues to feed from the
cut stalk, which contains a great amount of
sap, until fully ripe. Should the cutting occur
too soon, however, the fruit, although turning
yellow, will never attain the perfect flavor.
With the cutting of the bunch ends the life
of the plant, for it bears but once and is usual
ly cut down to obtain the fruit, or succumbs a
few days later to the cleaning process, which is
merely the bringing of a spent piece to the
ground. Cutting the fruit itself involves the
only careful labor on the banana plantation, as
the bunches weigh from fifty to sixty pounds,
and even slight knocks are followed by bruised
spots, under which the fruit quickly ripens and '
decays. However, by the liberal use of dried
banana leaves the fruit is safely brought to the
Bananas grown for the market are planted,
as a rule, on the border of navigable waters
Plantations are divided into sections or zones
of about ten to twenty miles in length, and the
zones are "cut" in rotation, thereby cleaning up
the available supply of fruit in one or several
sections while it is maturing in others.
In Costa Rica the system which has been
evolved for handling the fruit from the time it
is cut from the plant until it is placed on the
dealer's little stand in the far interior cities of
the United States is indeed marvelous.
When a steamer starts from a United States
port to secure its cargo a cable is sent advising
of the departure, so that preparations can be
made for cutting the crop. The carrying ca
pacity of the vessel is known almost to a bunch.
Each plantation manager furnishes at the be
ginning of the week an estimate of the amount
of fruit he can cut, and one, two, or three sec
tions may be called upon, according to the size
of the ship and the quantity of fruit available
in each section. About thirty-six hours previ
ous to the expected arrival of the steamship or
ders are sent to the plantations, notifying
them to cut fruit for delivery on a specific date.
The day before the steamer is due trains are
made up and sent out to pick up the fruit, these
trains being so timed that steamers will not be
delayed waiting for cargo.
On the morning of the cutting, the plantation
is all astir. First out are the "cutters," who
go up and down the long avenues of banana
plants, closely inspecting each hanging bunch.
In cutting the fruit long lances are used, palm
poles armed with broad steel bladeB. The stalk
of the tall plant ls half severed at a point about
eight feet above the ground. The weight of the
fruit causes the top of the plant to bend slowly
to the earth, where the bunch is cut from the
stem by a stroke of the machete. Following
" the cutters come the plcking-up gangs, who de
liver the fruit at the receiving platforms along
the railroad track. An Inspector watches the
fruit as lt is passed into the cars. He counts
and grades each bunch, rejecting those that
show signs of ripening and thoso that are un
dersized or bruised.
After cargoes are discharged in the United
States, solid trains of banana cars run as "spe
cials" every day in the week from New York,
Baltimore and New Orleans to all of the large
cities of the country. Carloads are even shipped
to Calgary, Canada, over 2,000 milos from New
The front ventilators of the forward cars of
these trains, and the rear ventilators of the
last cars, are connected by means of canvas
tubes run into a main trunk chute. A powerful
exhaust draws off the heat thrown out by the
fruit In Its ripening process, and the fans cir
culate cold air through every car in the train.
During the winter months the operation ls re
versed, and fruit in transit during very cold
weather is warmed while proceeding to its
rest of the party went off to find a
spring. When the searchers returned
with tho water, they found nothing
ready but the coffee, which, being in
temperature-retaining bottles, re
quired no preparation.
"Where's the bacon?" asked one of
the men. "Didn't the fire burn well
"The fire's all right," said the
would-be cook, "but we'd like to know
how you expected us to fry bacon
without any lard?"-Llppincott's Mag
OR SAYS HE FS.
De Quiz-Why is a good actor like
a set of brains?
De Witt-Because he ls a head liner.
LAWYER CURED OF ECZEMA
"While attending school at Lebanon,
Ohio, in 1882, I became afflicted with
boils, which lasted for about two
years, when the affliction assumed the
form of an eczema on my face, the
lower part of my face being inflamed
most of the time. There would be
water-blisters rise up and open, and
wherever the water would touch it
would burn, and cause another one to
rise. After the blister would open,
the place would scab over, and would
burn and Itch so as to be almost un
bearable at times. In this way the
sores would spread from one place to
another, back and forth over the
whole of my upper lip and chin, and
at times the whole lower part of my
face would be a solid sore. This con
dition continued for four or five years,
without getting any better, and in fact
got worse all the time, so much so
that my wife became alarmed lest it
"During all this time of boils and
eczema, I doctored with the best phy
sicians of this part of the country, but
to no avail. Finally I decided to try
Cuticura Remedies, which I did, tak
ing the Cuticura Resolvent, applying
the Cuticura Ointment to the sores,
and using the Cuticura Soap for wash
ing. In a very short time I began to
notice improvement, and continued to
use the Cuticura Remedies until I was
well again, and have not had a re
currence of the trouble since, which is
over twenty years. I haver recom
mended Cuticura Remedies to others
ever since, and have great faith in
them as remedies for skin diseases."
(Signed) A. C. Brandon, Attorney-at
Law. Greenville, O., Jan. 17, 1911.
Although Cuticura Soap and Oint
ment are sold everywhere, a sample
of each, with 32-page book, will be
mailed free on application to "Cuti
cura," Dept. 3 K, Boston.
Tuberculosis Patients Neglected.
Out of more than 225 public hos
pitals for the insane, with a popula
tion of fully 150,000,'only 70, or'less
than one-third, make any provision
for their tuberculous inmates, ? and
this, too, in spite of the fact that the
percentage of deaths from this disease
is very high among this class of peo
ple. Such is the substance of a state
ment made recently by the National
Association for the Study and Preven
tion of Tuberculosis. Seventy hos
pitals in 28 states, providing all told
about 3,350 beds for tuberculosis in
sane patients, sums up the provision
made for this class of sufferers, al
though the percentage of deaths from
tuberculosis among the insane ranges
from 50 to 200 per cent, higher than
among'the general population.
HEADACHE AND BILIOUS ATTACKS
Caused by Malaria removed by the use
ot Elixir Babek cure for such ailments.
"I have used Elixir Bnbek in my fam
ily 'or sixteen years and found lt even
more than you claim for it in treating:
cases of Chills or Malarial Fevers. One
member of our family was cured of
Malarial Fever by it when given up to
die by physicians.-J. F. Oberlet. Vien
na, Va. Elixir Babek 50 cents, all drug
gists or Kloczewski & Co., Washington.
The Real Thing.
"Say, mister, if you throw three
cents up in the air I kin ketch 'em
all before they come down every
"Humph! That is nothing but a
SHAKE INTO YOUR SHOES
Allen's Foot-Ease, tba antlseptio powder. It's tba
g-ro a teat comfort discovery of tba ago. Allen's Foot
Hase makes tight or new shoos feel easy. It ls a
certain relief for sweating, callous, swollen, tired,
aching feet. Always use it to Break in New shoes.
Try lt today. Sold everywhere, 25 cents. Don't
accept any tubttitute. For FRBQ trial package,
address Allen S. Olmsted, Le Boy, N. T.
Howell-He has a weather-beaten
Powell-Well, the weather beats
For COLDS and GRIP
Hicks* CAPUDUJE ls the best remedy-re
lieves the aching and feverishness-cures the
Cold and restores normal conditions. It's
liquid-effects immediately. 10c., 26c., and 50c
At drug stores.
A Thirst for Information.
"What is it?"
"Who made the after-dinner,
speeches at Belshazzar's feast?"
Stomach Blood a
Much sickness starts with weak ato,mflC]
poor, impoverished blood. Ncrv^us anl
good, rich, red blood. Their strfaiachi
for, after all, . man can be no st conger
A remedy that makes the ?tor?ach 8t,
- active, makes rich red blood atjd oven
out disease-producing bacteria itnd euri
tude of diseases.
Cef rid ot roof Stomach Weah
Liver Laziness by takit,? a ,
Dr. Pierce's Golden Me^iea? ?
"the ?Peat Stomach Reut or at i
lari?oratop and Blood eieat
Yon can't afford to accept any medi
composition at a substitute for "Gciden
cry," which is a medicine OF KNOWN CO,
. complete list of ingredients in pk(jn E
tie-wrapper, same being attested as co,
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate an(j
When Building Chural
or reseating same, write for Catalog XS, mer
agency proposition. Everything in Bltck-blha
AMERICAN SEATING COMPANY, 2^
NOT A BRITISH UNIT IN IT
Irishman Would Not for a Minute
Allow the Possibility of Such
George Mockler has just returned
from an investigation of what coal
is costing some of the other cities.
He brought this story from Balti
An Irishman there inherited a coal
mine up in the state. He immedi
ately entered the lists for one of the
big coal contracts and went around
to say a good word for his coal.
The man who was letting the con
tract heard him a moment, and then
"That's all right, but how about
British thermal units?"
The other, being new to the ccal
business, did not know that coal is
rated now according to the British
thermal units in tests.
"Phat's that!" he said.
"How many British thermal units
are there in your coal?"
The Irishman blinked his eye and
snorted a blt.
"British thermal units is it?" hs
said. "Why there ain't wan in it"
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
The Young Idea.
There are two kinds of joints, the
hinges and the ball-bearing.
Reflex action is the inside eye and
ear. Reflex action controls things
that we do not have to think about,
Had we no skin, our clothes would
cause us endless agony.
The stomach is the trunk of our
body. The stomach contans the liver.
The stomach is south of the lungs,
The stomach is south of the lungs,
west of the liver. It has three coats.
Without the stomach we should die,
therefore God chose the stomach to
digest our food.-Woman's Home Com
For HEADACHE-Micks? CAPUDINB
Whether from Colds, Heat, Stomach or
Nervous Troubles, Capudine will relieve yon.
It's liquid-pleasant to take-acts immedi
ately. Try it. loo., 25c., and 50 cents at drug
After a girl has bumped up against
a case of unrequited love she begins
to dream of a career.
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for Children
teething, softens the (rums, reduces Inflamma
tion, allays pain, cures wind colic, 25c a bottle.
A live goose is worth more than a
Restores Gray Hair to Natural Color
REMOVES DAXDKl FE A? 8CCBF
[n vigora tesand prevents thehairfromfalllngoff
tar Bal? bj DracfUt?, ar S?mt DtiMt bj
XANTHINE CO., Richmond, Virginia
Maa tl Per Bottle; Sui pl? Bo Ul? Sic Scad far eirtnUr.
FORK UNION MILITARY ACADEMY
FOIS Ii UNION, VIRGINIA
DR. WILLIAM E. HATCHER, President
A stroDg preparatory school und?rChnstiun I ntluen
ees. Dlsclpllneof too hlghcsierado ander an Artur
Officer detailed bj tho War D?partaient. Faculty
unsurpassed for strength and equipment. Location
noted for health. Thorough work tn school room.
Careful attention to detail In military duties. All
phases of athletics for entertainment when work ls
.ver. AU this for ?185.00. For catalogue, address
E. 8. LIGON, Headmaster fork Onion. Virginia.
and High Grade
orders given Spe
cial Attention. Prices reasonable.
Service prompt. Send for Price List.
LAXXKAt'S AKT STOKE. CILAKLESTO?, 8. C
We need more teachers, men and women,
for schools now open. Salaries $30 to $100.
Schools supplied with teachers. SOUTHERN
TEACHERS' AGENCY, COLUMBIA, 8. C.
W. N. U., CHARLOTTE, NO. 34-1911.
Largest stock of ribbons, carbon,
oil and other accessories to be
found in the South. Orders filled
same day received.
J. E. Cray ion & Co.. Charlotte, N. C.
A Few Makers
Put great stress on the quality of their
product, yet these same pianos, com
pared side by side with the great
SOUND LIKE 80 CENTS.
You can't realize there eau be such a
vast difference, and in beauty of case
design, there's no comparison.
CHAS. M. SHEFF,
,-he Piano with th
5 West Trade Street,
karlotte - - - - N. C.
C. H. WILMOTH,
i, and consequent
i pale-people lack
than bis stomach,
?ong and the liver
somes and drives
ss a whole multi
icine of unknown
nglish on its bot
rec: under oath.
1 Invigorate Stomach, Liver ead Bowe!*.
i, School or neater
itioning class of building. Dealers, write for
irds and School Supplies. Ask for Catalog SD.
i So. Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III.