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EDGEFIELD, 8. C.
BRIEF NEWS NOTES
FOR THEB?SY MAN
MOST IMPORTANT EVENTS OF
THE PAST WEEK TOLD IN
WORLD'S NEWS EPITOMIZED
-Complete Review of Happenings ef
Greatest Interest From All
Parts of World.
As a result of the killing of Mar
shal Newberry at Jakin, Ga., the peo
ple of that section of Early county
and those living across the river in
Alabama have become thoroughly
aroused and have been applying the
torch rather freely to negro lodge
"buildings, school houses and c?urcbes.
Three negro lodges, two churches and
one school house were laid in ashes
by the mob, which is bent on reveng
ing the death of Marshal Newberry.
To save the farmers. of the South
millions of dollars this fall and to put
the world on notice that the cotton
crop of the South has greatly deterio
rated since the publication of the last
government report and to go on rec
ord that the total crop will not reach
15,000,000 bales, as formerly estimat
ed, a conference of all Southern agri
cultural commissioners, officials of the
Farmers' unions and of other agricul
tural organizations, will meet in Mont
Charging that the department of ag
riculture report of cotton issued or
July 25 had overestimated the crop
by 3,000,000 bales, causing a drop of
40 per cent, in the price of cotton
und a panic in the South, Senator
Smith of South Carolina introduced
a resolution in the senate calling upon
Secretary Wilson to furnish the sen
ate with information concerning the
condition of the cotton crop this year
and make a special estimate upon it.
A difference of five hundred per
cent between the express and freight
rates on articles shipped from eastern
cities to Memphis, Tenn., is made
the basis of a complaint filed with
the interstate commer commission
.by the Memphis freight bureau. The
complaint is directed against the Ad
ams, American, United States, South
ern, Wells-Fargo and Pacific express
companies. The commission is asked
to adjust the express rates.
' The first bale of sea island cotton
received in Valdosta, Ga., this season
was grown by E. M. Giddens of Ray's
Mill, and shipped three by express,
weighed moje than four hundred
pounds, but graded low. The first bale
ls ten days ahead of the first bale
last year, which was received on Au
gust 15. Other bales are expected
within the next few days. The sta
ple in this section of the country is
being injured by almost daily rains.
It is against the sanction of the
Smith regulation bill which controls
the sale of whiskey in the state, to
sell Intoxicating liquors or beverages [
on the dining cars in Alabama, ac
cording to an opinion which has been i
rendered to Governor O'Neal by Atty.
Gen. Robert C. Brickell. In another
opinion the attorney general holds that
section 27 of the Smith bill forbids
connection of a bar room with a pool
Delegates to Kentucky's Democratic
platform committee, meeting in Lou
isville, refused to accept Henry Wat
terson's advice and adopted the ma
jority report of the resolutions com
mittee, which provided for the exten
sion of the county until law to all
counties of the state. Watterson was
a member of the committee. He pre
sented the minority report, which dif
fered only as to that feature and then
moved to amend so as to leave the
state's liquor laws as they stand.
Branding the proposed pian of the
Liverpool, England, cotton bills of lad
ing committee to institute in New
York a clearing house for the valida
tion of cotton bills of lading as a "di
rect reflection and Insult upon those
engaged in the exporting of cotton,"
and placing itself upon record as op
posing the plan in its entirety, the
New Orleans Cotton Exchange,
through its board of directors, passed
resolutions to this effect and approved
the report of its special committee
appointed to investigate the proposi
Cincinnatus LeConte was elected
president of Hayti by the congress
of the negro republic. LeConte headed
the larger of the two revolutionary
factions which overthrew President
The Ottoman Bacteriological insti
tute has found that caviar Is an anti
dote for cholera.
English troops were called to fire
on a mob of strikers in Liverpool.
Bayonet charges also were made upon
the disorderly element. After the
rioters had wrecked property the dis
trict troops were called out and or
dered to fire.
Colonel Ben Elliott, who commanded
one of General Joseph Shelby's con
federate regiments during the civil
war, died at Addesso, Ohio, aged 79
years. He was born at Winchester,
Steady increase In the number of
cases of hook worm treated at the
four Rockefeller hook worm dispen
saries in North Carolina, have been
chown during the past four weeks, ac
cording to information received at the
headquarters of the commissir,Ti In
Washington, D. C. During the four
weeks se?en thousand two hundred
and sixty cases were observed.
Oscar A. Brindley soared higher
from the ground than an aeroplane
has evxer been and set a new world's
record of 11,726 feet at Chicago. Phil
ip Parmalee followed him in the air,
passing the former American record
and reaching 10,887 feet before he de
scended. The world's previous record
was 10,761 feet. Captain Felix flew to
a height of 11,152 feet at Etamps,
France, but his flight has not yet been
The Mexican government is in re
ceipt of an ultimatum from Juan Ban
deras, a rebel chieftain in command
of 4,000 armed men, declaring that
the states of Sinaloa and Sonora now
constitute an independent republic
and refusing the governor's command
to disband his forces. Federal troops
have been ordered to give battle to
Banderas. Seventeen persons were
killed in the storming of the town of
Zacatepec by a bandit force.
Mrs. J. J. Long of Independence,
Mo., mother of Miss Inez Long, who
recently bit off her tongue in a motor
car accident, has received on an av
erage of fifty letters and telegrams
daily for the last three days in re
sponse to her announcement that a
reward wou'd be paid for an inch of
some one's tongue to be used to cure
the girl. The writer of one letter said
he thought $30,000 would be a reason
able price for an inch of tongue.
Two aviators, William R. Badger ol
Pittsburg and St. Croix Johnstone of
Chicago, both young men, lost their
lives at the international aviation
meet in Chicago. Death in both cases
was due to unexplained accidents,
probably the results of unsuspected
defects in the mechanism of the ma
chines, and was in no way caused by
carelessness nor lack of responsibility
of the drivers. Badger, a wealthy
young man, careened to his death in
a pit in the aviation field. Johnstone
fell 500 feet under his engine and was
drowned in Lake Michigan.
"The relations between the United
States and Japan must ever be one of
peace and neighborly good will."
Admiral Count Togo, speaking in his 1
native tongue, uttered that -sentiment
at the luncheon given jointly by the
Japanese society and the Peace society
of New York. Only the Japanese pres
ent understood and applauded vigor
ously, but, when his aide, repeated the
words in English, an outburst of ap
In a succession of dramatic events
the Democratic house of representa
tives met defeat in it., supreme effort
to pass the wool and free list bills
over the president's vetoes. The house
will agree to the cotton tariff revision
bill as amended in the senate, but will
not hold congress in session to await
the certain veto of that measure. The
senate cleared away all its business
and early adjournment is assured, in
the opinion of the leaders of both par
ties in the house.
The Georgia delegation in congress
furnished 10 of the 27 votes that were
cast in the house against the accept
ance of the conference report on the
bill for the publication of campaign
expenses. Their opposition to tho
measure was due to the fact that the
bill gives the Federal government ju
risdiction over primary elections, and
may nullify the Georgia laws regulat
ing congressional nominations. Con
gressman Hughes of the Third was
the only Georgian to vote for the con
The arbitration treaty with France
and Great Britain are characterized
by the senate committee as a "brood
er of war and net of peace" in a re
port presented to the senate. The
report defends the committee's action
in striking out of the treaties the pro
vision authorizing the arbitration com
mittee to determine the justifiable
character of any given subject with
out reference to the senate's power
President Taft's first important veto
message disapproving the join reso
lution providing for the admission into
the Union of Arizona and Xew Mexico
was sent to the house of representa
tives. The president's disapproval is
directed only at Arizona, in which con
stitution there is a clause providing
for the recall of all elective officers,
including judges, but New Mexico suf
fers also, for both territories are cou
pled together in the resolution. With
the announcement of the president's
veto and following a conference with
President Taft, Senator Smith of Mich
igan, chairman of the senate territo
ries committee, introduced a new
statehood resolution .meeting the pres
ident's views and providing for the
admission of both states on the condi
tion that Arizona shall strike the re
call of judges' provision from its new
President Taft continued his cam
paign before the people in behalf of
the British and French general arbi
tration treaties here. Speaking before
the Ocean Grove (N. J.) Camp Meet
ing association, the president review
ed th emeaning of the pacts; urged
the people to use their influence to
press the treaties. The longer the
senate holds thes traties, the president
argues, the greater would be the op
portunity for him to preach peace
Senator Smith of South Carolina
introduced a resolution of vast impor
tance to the cotton industry of the
Southern states. He proposes to re
quire the secretary of agriculture to
make public the methods by which
crop conditions are ascentained and
how the experts arrive at the probable
yield of fleecy staple for a given year.
He also proposes that the names and
addresses of all the exports who fur
nish this information be published.
He plans to have the department tell
the public how it arrives at the num
ber of acres that have been planteo
A bill requiring that decisions by
the Supreme court of the United
States on questions affecting the "con
stitutionality of any provision of a
Federal or state law must be- unani
mous" was introduced by Senator
Bourne of Oregon. It was opposet^by
Senator Heyburn of Idaho. Senator
Bourne explained that his bill was
designed to prevent a bare majority
of the court from overruling tho de
sire of congress and the people. Sena
tor Hey bourn claimed the bill would
give too much power to the minority
of the supreme court.
DAMAGED MEAL IS
FOUND J STATE
STATE CHEMIST HAS MADE EX
AMINATION OF SAMPLES FROM
ITS RELATION TO PELLAGRA
An Investigation is Being Made by
State Department of Agriculture
Commissioner Watson May Seize
Stuff-Report Just Reached Him.
Columbia.-"It is noteworthy that
the worst goods are found being sold
in localities in the state where the
disease of pellagra is most prevalent
and has proven more fatal than else
where." This statement was made by
Commissioner Watson in announcing
that a chemical examination of corn
meal drawn from the market in ll
cities of the state had shown the
meal in a majority of cases to bc
extremely dangerous to man and
"The first preliminary laboratory
reports on samples of corn meal drawn
officially from the open market In
ll cities and towns in the state were
filed with me,'' said Mr. Watson.
"In not a single case has a sample
come up to the standard of fitness for
either human or animal consumption.
In some instances the toxidity runs
so high as to make the stuff ex
tremely dangerous. The results of
the scientific examinations show that
the meal was either made from rot
ten corn, the sale of which we would
not have permitted in this state for
animal feed, or else the meal has
spoiled since it was ground and put
upon the market. We. only began to
touch this corn meal and grits situa
tion a few weeks ago, and I have
been satisfied from the evidence we
had obtained in connection with our
work with whole grain corn that we
would find the very conditions indi
cated by the reports filed. It is note
worthy, also, that the worst goods
are found being sold in localities in
the state where the disease of pellagra
is most prevalent, and has grown more
fatal than elsewhere.
"I can not say exactly what course
will be pursued in dealing with this
condition of affairs, as the reports
have only just reached me. It is
not unlikely that you will hear of a
number of seizures, however, in short
Governor Has Pardoned Four.
R?ney Chavers, who wrs convicted
in Kershaw county In 1905 on the
charge of criminal assault and sen
tenced to 10 years in the state peni
tentiary, has been paroled by the gov
ernor of South Carolina during good
Fred Curley, who was convicted in
Greenville county last year on the
charge of housebreaking and larceny
and sentenced to four years in prison,
has been paroled.
Jesse Corley, who was convicted of
murder with recommendation to the
mercy of the court in Aiken county
and sentenced to life imprisonment,
has been paroled during good be
havior. He was convicted in 1894.
Henry Nickles, who was convicted
in Laurens county in 1902 on the
charge of murder and sentenced to
life imprisonment upon a recommen
dation of mercy, has been paroled.
Since assuming office the governor
has extended clemency In 216 cases,
Paroles, 114. Pardons, 102.
Some New Enterprises.
The secretary of state has issued a
charter to the Florence Dry Goods
company of Florence, with a capital
stock of $30,000. The officers are A.
J. Howard, president; J. W. Wallace,
vice president; S. M. McCall, secretary
A commission has been issued te
the Bank of Plum Branch, with a
capital stock of $25,000. The peti
tioners for a charter are: J. C. Black
well, J. H. Lyon, H. Banks, J. M. Mil
ler, all of Plum Branch, and B. Sher
wood Dunn of Aiken. A general bank
ing business will be conducted.
State Aid For the Schools.
In the latter part of July the state
superintendent of education forward
ed to the different county superin
tendents throughout the state the ap
plication blanks for state aid to the
high schools. On August 3 W. H.
Hand, the state high school inspec
tor, sent each state-aided high school
a postal card informing the various
schools where to get the blanks and
suggesting the sending of the appli
cations to him without delay, end only
about one-fourth of the schools have
sent their applications.
The Transfers of Some Real Estate. |
The following transfers of real es
tate were recorded at the office of
the register of mesne conveyance:
J. N. Cantey to San Rosen, land in
Christ Church Parish, for $1,300.
The Navy Yard Building and Invest
ment Company to Cleveland H. Smith,
premises east side Moultrie street, for
John Steed to King Brothers, land
at Awendaw, for $125.
Fred W. Kellar to Emma Du?nsing.
premises on Sullivan's Island, for
Who's Who In Magistrates.
The dispute as to whether Gov.
Blease's appointees or their predeces
sors are the legal magistrates in Spnr
tanburg county remains unsettled. The
mandamus proceedings by which it
was expected to compel the county
(commissioners to pay the fees of
Frank Metcalf, constable for Magis
trate J. M. Bowden, were called off.
Instead cf arguinfi the case before
Tustice Hydrick of the supreme courr.
ts was proposed, counsel agreed to
bring the matter up in common picas
MAY TAKE ACTION ON MILL
Solicitor Cobb Has Reached Decision
in Case-Will Refer Matter to the
Grand Jury Next Term.
Columbia.-Solicitor Cobb said that
he had reached a decision with refer
ence to bringing a suit to abolish the
hosiery mill at the state penitentiary.
He was instructed several weeks ago
to institute proceedings in the Rich
land county court by the governor to
abolish what the chief executive term
ed a "common nuisance." Since that
time he has had the matter under
"What action will you take in the
matter?" Solicitor Cobb was asked.
"I will make an announcement at
the proper time," was his reply, it
is generally believed that Solicitor
Cobb will submit the entire matter to
the Richland county grand jury at
the next term of court and ask that
a thorough investigation of the mill
The board of directors refused to
abolish the mill because they found
that the mill was not a death trap as
stated. The state board of health
found that it had no right to abolish
ROAD IMPROVEMENT TRAIN
Schedule Announced For South Caro
lina by Southern Railway.
The special "Road Improvement
train" being orperated by the South
ern railway, the Augusta Southern
railroad and affiliated lines in co
operation with the United States of
fice of v public roads, will continence
its tour of South Carolina on Sep
tember 4. It will spend practically a
month in *>outh Carolina making ex
hibitions at points along the Southern
The "Road Improvement train" is
being Bent out by the Southern rail
way to further the movement for bet
ter wagon roads throughout the
South and at the same time to give
practical information to farmers and
road officials as to the building of
road3 and their repair. The schedule
for South Carolina so far arranged
is as follows:
Spetember 4, Monday-Blacksburg,
10 a. m.; Gaffney, 2 p. m.
September 5, Tuesday-Spartan
burg, 10 a. m.
September 6, Wednesday-Green
ville, 9:30 a. m.; Easley, 2 p. m.
September 7, Thursd?. -Calhoun,
10 a. m.; Wednesday, 2:30 p. m.
September 8, Friday-Seneca, 9:30
a. m.; Pendleton, 2 p. m.
September 9, Saturday-Anderson,
10 a. m.; Belton, 3:30 p. m.
September ll, Monday-Abbeville,
10 a. m.; Greenwood, 2 p. m.
September 12, Tuesday-Newberry,
10 a. m.; Prosperity, 2 p. m.
September 13, Wednesday-Union,
10 a. m.; Columbia, 3:30 p. m.
Septembei 14, Thursday-Winns
boro, 10 a. m.
September 15, Friday-Chester, 10
September l?, Saturday-Rock Hill,
10 a. m.; Yorkville, 2 p. m.
September 18, Monday-Lancaster,
10 a.-m.; Camden, 3 p. m.
September 19, Tuesday-Sumter,
1:30 p. m.
September 20, Wednesday-Orange
burg, 9:30 a. m.; St. Matthews, 2 p. m.
j September 21, Thursday-Bamberg,
9:30 a. m.; Denmark, 2 p. m.
September 22, Friday-Barnwell, 10
a. m.; Allendale, 2 p. m.
September 23, Saturday-St. George,
9:30 a. m.; Su-amerville, 2 p. m.
September 25, Monday-Charles
ton, 10 a. m.
September 26, Tuesday-Aiken, 10
a. m.; Edgefield. 2:30 p. m.
September 27, Wednesday-Bates
burg, 10:30 a. m.
September 2S, Thursday-Lexing
ton, 10 a. m.
Free lectures and demonstrations
showing the importance of good roads
and how to build them and keep them
in repair at the smallest necessary
cost will be conducted at each stop
by two road building experts of the
United States department of agricul
I ture, L. E. Boykin and H. S. Fair
I banks, assista by n representative
of the land and industrial depart
' ment of the Southern railway. Two
coaches of the train are filled with
exhibits, pictures and working models.
Washington.-Clinton was designat
ed as a postal savings postoffice, the
order to be effective September 15
Harleyville School Election.
At a recent meeting of the trustees
of the Harleyville Graded School.
Prof. W. L. Glaze, J"., of Orangeburg.
1 was elected principal of the school and
Mrs. W. L. Glaze, Jr., was elected io
the position of assistant teacher for
the approaching se-son. Prof. Glaze
is a graduate cf Wocord College and
comes here well recommended, hr
having filled severnl places in the pub
lic schools of the state. Mrs. Glaze
is also a teacher of experience. The
next session will begin on Tuesday.
Has Donated a Handsome Trophy.
Gen. Henry Schachte has donated a
handsome trophy and a gold meda! ic
be competed for by the comprnies
and the individual men of thc Third
infantry, National Guard of South Car
olina, in drilling contests which will
be held every February, the winning
of the awards three times in succes
sion to give permanent possession tc
the recipients. The donation of thc
cup and medal was made in a letter
to Col. Julius E. Cogswell, command
ing officer of the regiment.
Form Trustees Association.
A call has he.?n issued to the school
trustees of the several districts of th'?
county to meet at the court house on
the first Monday in September for thc
purpose of organizing the Lexington
County ; Schoc : Truceos association
So far as is known, this will be th?
first organization of the kind in i!;
?tate. Prof. Chalmers E. Wesslns i
principal of lae Inman schcob.. who
is spending Iiis summer vacation ;.
:us home ne;ir Lexington, is the pii.ii;
mover in the new organization.
M ATTEMPT TO
WIN JI WEST
PRESIDENT TAFT IS TO LEAVE IN
A SHORT TIME ON A LONG
TOUR OF THE COUNTRY.
IS TO MAKE MANY SPEECHES
Trip is to Overcome Opposition to His
Renomination in the States Denomi
nated by Progressive Republicans
To Take Rest Before Trip.
Washington.-Plans for President
Taft's coming trip through the West
and to the Pacific Coast practically
were completed. The journey will be
almost as extensive as that taken by
the President on his famous "s^ing
around the circle" in 1909, when he
traveled more than 13,000 miles and
visited thirty-three States. He will
break ground for the Panama canal ex
position at San Francisco, make sev
eral score of addresses and attempt to
scale the 14,000 feet of Mount Raing
er's precipitous slope.
According to the present arrange
ment, the President will be gone six
weeks. In that time, it is expected
that he will make close to two hun
dred speeches, from platforms, from
the rear end of his private car and
at other places not on the regular
schedule. Republican leaders look up
on the trip as the most important po
litically that the President has mapped
out since re-entered the White House.
He will go through all the states in
the West in which they recognize the
domination of the progressive Repub
licans who are counted on to oppose
hia renomination next year.
With adjournment of Congress prac
tically assured for this week the Pres
ident feels that he can get three weeks
rest at Beverly and be in trim then to
stand the admittedly hard grind of
forty days on a private car.
The President probably will leave
Beverly September 17 returning East
about November 1. He will go West
through Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Col
orado and Navada to the coast. Most
of the big cities in the states including
Des Moines, Kansas City, Omaha, Den
ver and Salt Lake will be visited but
the plans for the trip contemplate
stops at scores of smaller places as
well. From California the President
will go north to Portland and Seattle.
Three days are to be spent in Wash
ington State and the route eastward
will allow him to stop in Idaho, Mon
tana, the Dakotas and Minnesota.
Girl Makes a Long Swim.
Boston.-Another sturdy 17-year-old
Boston girl, Alsie Akroyd, made the
difficult 9 miles' swim from Charles
town bridge to Boston light. Miss
Akroyd, of the scores who have tried
the feat, is the third person to reach
the light. She is the second woman
to succeed, little Rose Pitonoff of the
same age doing the swim last year.
Miss Akroyd's time was 7 hours and
12 minutes, 57 minutes behind the
record time made by Samuel Richards,
Jr., of Boston two weeks ago. and 22
minutes slower than Miss Pitonoff's
time. Three men competitors who
started with Miss Akroyd fell out of
th3 race early.
Two Aviators Die From Pistol Wounds.
London.-Pierre Prier, the French
aviator, and his pupil, M. Hanot, died
from pistol shot wounds received at
the Hendon aerodrome, Hanot, who is
believed to have been rendered sud
denly insane by the heat, fired at M.
Chereau, manager for M. Bleriot. but
the bullets went wild and struck Prier,
llealizing what he had done, he turned
the revolver upon himself and fired
twice and afterwards tried to cut his
throat with a razor. Prier last April
flew from London to Paris in an aero
plane without stopping. He made the
290 miles in 4 hours and 8 minutes,
which at that time was a record.
Two Perish In Big Fire.
Frankfort, Germany-The Opel Sew
ing Machine & Bicycle Works at Rus
selheim were destroyed by fire. Two
persons perished in the flames and
many were injured. f
Grants Writ of Error in Cutchin Case.
Richmond, Va.-The State Supreme
Court of Appeals granted a writ of
error in the case of Joel H. Cutchin,
mayor of Roanoke, who was found
guilty of misfeasance and malfeasance
in office and was removed by Judge
Mullen from his position. A stay of
sentence was granted pending the ap
peal and the higher court grants su
persedeas a..mg with its error writ, so
that tile mayor will remain in office if
he chose so to do until his case has
been finally determined by the court
of last resort.
Officers of Trust Company Are Held.
Atlanta, Ga.-Richard Purvis, presi
dent; Ernest O. Heirn, vice president;
Guy King, secretary and W. N. Smith,
former secretary of the Southern Loan
& Trust Co., were held to the Federal
grand jury on charges of using the
mails to defraud and to promote a lot
tery. Tho action was taken following
a five-day hearing before United
States Commissioner Walter Colquitt.
The men were arrested July 27, after
investigation of their company, which
did a money lending business through
Two Fifteen Foot Crocodiles.
Washington.-Workmen on the Pan
ama canal have encountered two fif
teen foot crocodiles-the first that
have neon seen in Central America for
many generations-and each is be
tween three and four millions years
old, with seven full sets of teeth on
tho upper and lower jaws. The croci
diles were routed out of their hiding
pince by a steam shovel working in
tho Culebra Cut and are now on their
way to the National Museum at Wash
ington with much of the rock crust of
ages knocked off their bodies.
NEWS FROM PALMETTO STATE
Some Short Paragraphs of the Latest
News That Has Been Carefully
Condensed For All.
Aiken.-Gen. A. W. Jones came to
Aiken and made the annual settle
ment with the county officers. Gen.
Jones stated that he was much pleas
ed with the condition which the coun
ty officers have kept their books, and
with the showing made in the set
tlement. It is stated that the showing
was the best the county has ever
St. Matthews.-V. T. Whaley, the
$75,000 negro who was some time ago
convicted in the municipal court of
selling whiskey, will not be reformed.
The .city authorities are said to have
caught "Pink" as he is appropriately
nicknamed, in another case of dispen
sing iilicit booze. He will be tried at
an early date.
Charleston.-Preparations are about
complete for the final organization of
a convention league in Charleston.
The plan to form such a league here
was suggested some time ago and un
der the leadership of the Chamber of
Commerce the work of completing
the preliminary details has been ac
complished quietly, but effectively.
Chester.-At the last meeting of tho
city council permission was granted
to Co. G, First infantry, to use the
armory at the city hall and the com
pany has since moved to Chester and
from now on will make this city
headquarters. The regular drill was
held and practice drills will be held
Columbia. - Commissioner Watson
was very much pleased when he re
ceived notification from one of the
strongest and leading national banks
of the Middle West, at Columbus, Ohio,
to the effect that the bank was an
xious to purchase outright any of the
proposed drainage district bonds to
be issued in the coastal section of
Darlington.-Henry Garland, an old
man, who lives near the mineral spring
just out of Darlington, was attacked
two miles south of town and severely
bruised, and his assailant made away
with $4.90 which he had on his per
son. It was about dark and Mr. Gar
land noticed his mule shy in the road
and was in the act of urging the ani
mal on when some one struck him in
the back of tho head.
Columbia.-That many new school
buildings have been erected in South
Carolina during the past year will be
shown in a report soon to be an
nounced by J. E. Swearingen, the state
superintendent of education. Reports
are being received at the state de
partment of education from the coun
ty superintendents of education as to
the new school buildings that have
been erected during the year.
Belton.-?-Pellagra can be cured. That
fact has been demonstrated beyond
the shadow of a doubt by E. W. Ded
mond of this place. He was dying of
pellagra and cured himself. Since that
time he has treated more than one
hundred cases with results that are
nothing less than marvelous. His
discovery is the most discussed sub
ject in the piedmont section.
Columbia.-The official programme
for the annual reunion of the United
Confederate veterans of South Caro
lina, to be held in Columbia on Au
gust 22 and 23, was announced by
Gen. B. H. Teague of Aiken. The ad
dresses of welcome will be delivered
by Mayor Gibbes on the part of the
city of Columbia, F. H. Weston on the
part of the Sons of Veterans and the
governor for the state of South Caro
Georgetown.-Mr. A. McP. Hamby,
secretary of the Columbia Chamber
of Commerce, addressed the George
town Chamber of Commerce on the
subject of the national Corn Exposi
tion, to be held in the Capital City
of South Carolina in 1913. A repre
sentative gathering of citizens greet
ed Mr. Hamby, notwithstanding the
fact that many of the members are
away from the city at this time.
Columbia.-Probate Judge G. Dun
can Bellinger had served the first of
a series of warrants he has sworn
out before Magistrate Fowles against
ministers who are alleged to have
neglected to make returns as to mar
riages performed by them, thus sub
jecting themselves to the $15 fine pro
vided in the Marriage License Act
Greenville.-Chief Justice Ira B.
Jones has appointed Judge R. W.
Memminger to hold court in Green
ville, beginning September 4, and
Judge George E. Prince to preside at
the regular term of court in Ander
son, beginning September 18.
Columbia.-Many of the state of
ficials are away on their annual vaca
tions. Secretary of Stat? McCown is
spending several weeks in the. moun
tains of Western North Carolina. Adjt.
Gen. Moore is at Camp Perry, Ohio
attending the national rifle shoot
Comptroller General Jones is out c
the city on business.
Laurens.-Postmaster Hicks is no
making preparations for the install
tion of the free mail delivery servi
which is to be put on the first
September. Two carriers will be r
on at first and three distributions
day will be made.
Walterboro.-D. E. Smoak was
pointed by Governor Blease to fill
unexpired term of J. O. Griffin,
ceased, as county supervisor of
ieton county. Mr. Smoak is at (
ent a member of the board of cc
commissioners. It is understood
no one will be appointed to fi]
vacancy caused by his resignatio
Chester.-The time for the pa
of the commutation tax has
and approximately $7,650 was
lected, an increase of $1,455 ov
year, when the total collecte
Columbia.-The railroad com
of South Carolina will rigidl-f
the "cinder deflector? law."
requires deflectors to b p*a
every passenger car o,jrated
steam railways of tb state
ing several comp!-nts tne
sion has issued ?l order t0
ways of the ste? to obey tt
ions of the ac*
Captive to Babylon
Sunday School Lesson far Alf. 27, 1912
Specially Arranged (or This Paper
LESSON TEXT.-Jeremiah 39.
MEMORY VERSES, 9. 10.
GOLDEN TEXT.-"Be sure your ala
will And you out"-Num. 32:23.
TIME.-B. C. 586, July. The 11th year or
Zedekiah, the 9th day of the 4th month.
PLACE.-Jerusalem. Also the surround
ing country. Nebuchadnezzar was at Bib
lah In Hamath In northern Syria. The
captives were taken to Babylonia.
The Route of the captives was not di
rectly east through, the desert, but north
ward through Syria to the Euphrates,
thence southeast down the river to
PROPHETS.-Jeremiah in Judah and
Egypt Ezekiel on the river Chebar, "The
grand canal," southeast of the city of
Babylon. Daniel in Babylon.
Nebuchadnezzar was a great gen
eral in 605, in his first seige of Jeru
salem, and became sole emperor B. C.
604. He made Babylon glorious dur
ing his reign of 43 years. He was in
his 18th year when he began thi<?
Jerusalem was at this time a city
of 20,000 inhabitants. Against the
huge engines of Asiatic warfare the
besieged citizens constructed counter
engines; and the struggle was worthy
of the occasion-a combat or duel not
only of courage, but of skill and intel
ligence, between Babylon and Jeru
salem. Houses were demolished, that
new walls might be built of their ma
terials, inside each spot weakened by
The ramparts were vigorously de
fended by archers and slingers, equal
in bravery to those of the Chaldeans.
The rams were caught, when possible,,
by doubled chains or ropes to weaken
their blows, or, if it might be, to cap
size them. Lighted torches and fire
brands were thrown on their roofs
and on those of the catapults, to set
them on fire. The gates of the town
were zealously defended against the
efforts of the enemy to burst them
open or to burn them.
At last there was no food for the
people, and famine prevailed.
The houses were full of the sick and
wounded; bloody fights between con
tending parties, as to surrendering or
holding out, crowded the streets with
fresh horrors; the roar of the siege
night and day filled the air. A breach
was made in the city, at midnight
The princes of the king of Babylon
came in, the, generals and high offi
cials, Nebuchnezzar himself was at
Rlblah in Hamath and the Chaldeans
burned the king's house, and the hous
es of the people, with fire, and brake
down the walls of Jerusalem.
Tho king of the Chaldees slew their
young men with the sword in the
house of their sanctuary, and had ne
compassion upon young man or maid
en, old man, or him that stooped for
age; bj gave them all into his hand.
And they burnt the house of God.
They slew the sons of Zedekiah be
fore his eyes, so that the last things
his eyes ever saw, a perpetual mem
ory,, were the agonies ot bis sons, and
of his friends, all the nobles of Judah.
They put out Zedekiah's eyes. He
would have no more opportunities of
conspiring against his rulers.
God spoke by the tongue of Ezekiel
one of the most mysterious and most
curious predictions in the entire Bible.
He declared that King Zedekiah
should be led into Bablon a captive,
should there live and there die, and
yet he should never see the city. So
singuuar is this record that we must
read the verses just as he wrote them
out. Now put with this a parallel
passage. Jeremiah was thrown into
prison by his monarch. While there
under bonds, he in like manner pre
dieted the downfall of Jerusalem; and
he said that Zedekiah should speak
with Nebuchadnezzar mouth to mouth,
and see his eyes. The history we
have just considered shows how these
prophecies were fulfilled and the cap
tives carried to Babylon.
The way of Transgressors is the
choice of those who walk in lt. God,
good men, angels, laws, all are against
any man's walking therein. The way
of transgressors is hard indeed, be
cause of the awful punishment at the
end of the way. Like the human vic
tim selected for sacrifice by the Az
tecs, who for weeks was feasted and
honored, but who knew all the time
what the end was to be. So the sin
ful know that the end of their way
is death, and the consciousness of
this throws a shadow over all the life
before. The ruin from sin is an awful
tragedy; but whenever sin goes un
punished the sin increases. Murders
have greatly increased In this coun
try, where the majority of murderers
As the angel stood in the path of
Balaam while goin,g on in his stubborn
determination to disobey, so God puta
warnings, and entreaties, and mercies, .
??id the love of Christ, and trials and
the path of the sinner,
ls, to withstand his
, and to cry ouj
y on account of the pu*
?Je-end. but because 80
* must be broken down
S lnfluences must be
order to go on in sin-tie
the conscience and moral
word of God, thelSS
sense of honor, God 's good'
training, the Influences of
rings new helps, new mo
Powers of the spirit, new
tho I'"7' "? Jerusalem!
;thou that killest the pr0p?
tonest them which are' sent
?, how often would I have
thy children together, even
' gathered her chickens T
wmgs, and ye would loV"
irisons and our punishments
Jg forgotten the Principles S3
d from the beginning to havf
natone, that Reform." jg*,
o be multiplied evervw*hl
should destroy root anTbranS
?on. that are school, or crirnt
A of virtue. One thine thit
matories that reform- ? eveQ
sus Christ. They win ? apeI
fully till they heca?j1?^,8^
<w hearts. me lnsPh*ers