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THE RIDGEFIELD COUNTY FAIR
of 1911 Will be Held October 25, 26, 27, and 28.
Dairy Farm of Jc
DUAL PURPOSE COWS
Breed Depends Upon Require
ments of Farmer.
Man Who Keeps Only Few Animals
Wants One That Will Give Milk
and Butter and Produce
(By G. H. ALFORD. Farmers' Co-opelp.
tlve Demonstration Work, Wost Jack
The breed of cattle that a man
should keep depends entirely upon the
purpose for which he is breeding them.
If he ls breeding for beef alone, he
should select one of the characteris
tic beef breeds. If butter ls his sole
object, he should breed one of the
Raised in Yazoo-Mlssissippl Valley.
noted butter producing breeds. If the
quantity of milk ls * . hat interests him.
bo should breed cattle noted for a
large flow of milk.
It is claimed by some that the gen
eral purpose cow ls ruining the coun
try; but this type of cattle ls all right
on the one horse farm. The farmer
who keeps only a few cows for his own
use does not need the beef breeds or
milk breeds. He needs a cow that
gives bim milk and butter, and at the
same time produces calves that may
be sold as beef.
BRIGHT BOYS STAY ON FARM
Most of Intelligent Young Men Go to
Cities In Search of Honor-Farm
er Is Independent.
(By O. H. ALFORD.)
There are many reasons why so
many of our brightest boys leave the
farm. However, I am of the opinion
that most of our intelligent boys leave
the farm to seek honor. They do not
think lt is possible for a farmer to be
highly honored by his fellow men.
They judge from the amount of honor
bestowed upon the average farmer.
They do not stop to think that the
average farmer is not well educated
and qualified to fill positions of honor
and trust. They do not seem to real
liza the fact that the uneducated men
In every calling are required to go
way back and sit down.
Hundreds of other men leave the
farm because there is little chance of
becoming wealthy on the farm. I will
admit that there is little chance to ac
cumulate a fortune on the farm. Very
few farmers have ever accumulated
as much as $50,000. Farming is neces
sarily a small business. It cannot be
spread out over thousands of acres.
The farmer must do a thing himself,
or have his shadow fall on the man
who does it, if he wants to succeed.
The ideal farm ls a small one.
A good living ls all that any man
can get out of this world. The farmer
can get a better living and live a hap
pier life than other professional men.
He cannot hoard up banks of gold,
but he can have a comfortable home,
plenty to eat, and good clothing to
wear. Young men and young ladles,
what more do you want?
The farmer is probably more nearly
Independent than any other m-vx. He
can work as he pleases, and votfs^s he
pleases. It makes no difference %:hat
opinion he has expressed, his land
will yield just the same.
Young men, get a good agricultural
education and stay on the farm. The
day ls not far distant when men will
be taken from between the plow han
dles and placed in tl ^ legislative halls,
the halls of congress, and in gover
nors' chairs. The same honors will be
conferred on farmers that is conferred
Improved Seed Bed.
Improved seed aeans much, but
an Improved seed bed will do much
toward helping such seed show its
?hn Saal, Amita, La.
TO IMPROVE EXHAUSTED SOIL
Practice 8ultable Rotation of Such
Crops as Corn and Peas, Peanuts,
Soy Beana, ?to.
(By Q. H. ALFORD, Farmer?' Co-opera
tive Demonstration Work, Weit Jack
J. W. H., Vaughan, N. C.. asks the
following questions: What ls the best
way to improve exhausted land? ls it
best to plant corn and cotton on beds
on well drained upland? What are
1 the best Implements to use In culti
vating corn and cotton on upland?
Plow the land deeper every time it
is broken and turn under the corn
and cotton stall s, oat, pea, soy bean,
and other stubble, grass and trash. If
the soil needs drainage, drain it Re
duce the washing to the minimum by
thoroughly pulverizing the soil and
filling it full of vegetable matter for
about ten inches. Keep something
green growing on the land in the
spring, summer, fall and winter. Prac
tice a well balanced system of farm
ing-one that will Include more legu
lnous crops to enrich instead of wear
: out the land; one that will include
more stock to consume the grass and
leguminous crops that must be grown
to enrich the land and to make manure
to further enrich the land. Practice
a suitable rotation of crops such as
corn and peas, oats followed by peas,
peanuts, soy beans, or lespedeza, and
cotton. Under this system of rotation
with the legumes, your land will need
only ground phosphate rock and pos
sible potash. By practicing this rota
tion of crops the Louisiana station at
Calhoun brought the cotton up to a
bale and more, the corn yield to 87
bushels, and the oats In one case to
more than 60 bushels.
I think lt advisable to plant the cot
ton on slightly elevated beds. Plant
the corn on a level. Cultivate the corn
on a level.
Cultivators, heel sweeps and har
rows. A turning plow ls out of place
in a cultivated field after the land ls
broken unless the soil ls devoid of
vegetable matter and runs together
after heavy rains or unless it rains
for two or three weeks and lt becomes
necessary to bury grass. If the soil
becomes hard after heavy rains, lt
may be advisable to use the turning
plow as a necessary evil. If lt is
necessary to use the turning plow to
stir the soil or to clean out the'grass,
by all means use cultivators or harr
rows a few days after using the turn
ing plow to thoroughly pulverize the
soil and make a dust mulch.
WHAT CONCRETE REALLY IS
Many People Have Idea That lt ta
Same as Cement, but There la
(By JOHN A. KEMP.)
Many people have an idea that ce
ment and concrete are the same.
There is a vast difference between the
two, because, in fact, cement is only
one of the elements of concrete.
Concrete is stone manufactured by
mixing sand, cement and stone or
gravel. The proportions vary accord
ing to the use to which the concrete
is to be put
The mixture in which all the spaces
between the stone or gravel are filled
with sand and all the spaces between
CEMENT SAND STONE CONCB?T?
the sand are filled with cement ls the
Ideal mixture. Cement ls a powder
finer than flour.
The ideal mixture ls rarely obtained
as the spaces in each load of gravel
and sand vary slightly, and in order
to be absolutely safe, a little more
3and and a little more cement than
will exactly fill the spaces should be
Considerable skill ls required in the
mixing of concrete to obtain a sub
stance that will meet all the require
ments to which it ls put, and its dura
bility depends very largely upon the
right proportions of sand, stone or
Expert Will Always Advise.
In the poultry business the amateur
cr beginner will always find the <" ex
pert or fancier willing to give counsel
and advice, because all poultry fanci
ers are enthusiasts and delight in see
ing every one who engages In the
Paint Kitchen Floors
Don't Scrub Them i
Avoid the backache and sore knees caused by
scrubbing bare floors. Painted floors are easy to keep i
bright and clean, are attractive and very inexpensive.
gives a hard, durable, sanitary finish for floors, steps or
any inside surface to be walked on, easy to keep clean
and hard to wear out. You can apply
it yourself. It dries in a short time.
Offered in appropriate and attractive
W- W- ABAMS & 00
YOU LOOK FOR
Start A BANK ACCOUNT
For Them NOW
_ Copyright 1909. hr C. E. ZUnmeww C0.--N0. TS -? ^ ^
\X/E HOPE for better thinr .; for
W our children than we . *d for
ourselves. We hope tr protect
them from adversity. We hope to
shield them from the vicissitudes
of the world. Can. we do better
than to start a bank account for
Bank of Edge field
KSI I ILVlb w. W. Adams, Vice Pres.
E. J. Mims, Cashier
J. H. Allen, Alt Cashier
r> . x J. C. Sheppard, W. W. Adams, J. H. Bouknight.Thos.
UlVeClOYS H. Rainsford, J. M. Cobb, B. E. Nicholson, A. S.
Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, W. E. Prescott.
Am prepared to furnish you in
wholesale or retail quantities, at
prices much reduced.
WHOLESALE AT OLD DEPOT.
RETAIL AT L. E. JACKSON'S
E. S. JOHNSON
S. H. WILCOX
6 R. C. NEELY R. C. NEELY, Jr.
- Neely Wilcox
OFFICE: 741 Broad St. :-: :-: AUGUSTA, GA.
Come to see us or write us in re
? gard to handling your cotton this
? fall. We are prepared to take
Round Trip Excursion Fares Via
Southern Railway from
Edgefield, S. C.
Atlantic City, N. J. and Return
$24.30. Account American Elec
tric Railway Association October 9
13, 1911. Tickets on sale October
4, 5, 6 and 7, 1911, with final limit
returning October 18, 1911.
Mountain Lake Park, Md., and
return. Account International Bi
ble students Association September
I- 11, 1911. Tickets sold August 29
to September 3, 1911. Inclusive
with final limit returning Septem
ber 12, 1911.
Pittsburg, Pa. and Return $27.65
Account National Baptist Conven
tion (colored) September 13-18,
1911. Tickets sold September 10
andll, 1911, with final limit re
turning September 2 a, 1911.
Cincinnatti, 0. and Return $19
45. Account National Association
of Stationary Engineers, September
II- 16, 191?. Tickets sold Septem
ber 9, 10 and ll, 1911, good return
ing September 19, 1911.
Knoxville, Tenn, and Return
$10.50. Account Appalachian Ex
position, September ll-October 1,
1911. Tickets sold September 9 to
October 1, inclusive, good return
ing not later than midnight of the
tenth day, but not including, from
date of sale, except that no ticket
will be limited to reach starting
point later than October 7, 1911.
Indianapolis, Ind. and Return
$22.10. Account of Southern Grand
Lodge, I. O. O. F.. September 16-23
1911. Tickets sold September 14,
15 and 16, good returning not later
than September 28, 1911.
Memphis, Tenn, and return $18.
85. Account Reunion Blue and
Grav, September 26-28, 1811. Tick
ets sold September 23 and 24, 1911,
good returning October 4, 1911.
Summer excursion tickets on
sale daily until September 30, good
returning October 31st, 1911, to
many other points. The Southern
Railway offers superb service and
convenient schedules. Pullman
sleeping cars and dining car service
on all through trains. For detailed
information, call on Southern Rail
way ticket agents or
John L. Meek, AGPA.,
Frank L. Jenkins, TPA.,
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gie Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD S AAV S
Gins and Press Repairs.
"After four in our family had died
of consumption 1 was taken with
a frightful cough and lung trouble,
but my life was saved andi gained
87 pounds through using
W. R. Patterson, Wellington, Tex.
PRICE 60c ?nd $1.00 AT ALL DRUGGISTS.
Anyone londlng ? sketch and description may
lon it probably patentable. Communica
tions ntrlctlycon?dontlnl. HANDBOOK on Patent?
tent free. Oldest agency for securing patenta.
rjulckly ascertain our opinion free whether an
InTentlon la pro'
e. Oldest agency for securing pa
Patenta token thronen Munn St Co. recelre
tpeeial notice, without charge, in the
A handsomely fllaitrated weekly. Largest cir
culation of any scientific journal. Tonus, 13 a
your : four months, |L Bold by all newsdealer?.
?.JIM"*-*-* New York
;fflco. 636 F SL, Washington, Ii, C
Steam laundry Notice.
My patrons are requested to leave
their Laundry at Jas. E. Hart's old
stand, with Mr. M. A. Parks.
Work sent on Tuesdays and return
ed Saturdays. First-class work
JAMES E. IIART.
E. J. NORRIS, Agent
Edgefield, South Carolina
Representing the HOME INSURANCE
COMPANY, of New York, and the old
HARTFORD, of Hartford, Connecticut
The HOME has a greater Capital and
Surplus combined than any other
The HARTFORD is the leading com
pany of the World, doing a greater
Fire business than any other Co.
See Insurance Reports
"HAS THE STRENGTH OF GIBRALTAR."
E. J. Norris,
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE.
And find the market
unfavorable for your
produce? The farmer ~*Um**
who has a telephone in his home can telephone
first. The ussless trips thus saved are worth the
cost of service.
Under the plan of the Bell System the service
costs but a trifle; the farmer owns the instrument
and the equipment
Write to nearest Bell Telephone
Manager for pamphlet, or address 9
Farmers' Line Department
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH Ct?
42 SOUTH PH YO S STREET. ATLANTA. GA.
Go to See Harting & Byrd
Before insuring elsewhere. We represent the
best old line Companies
HARLING & BYRD
At the Farmers Bank of Edgefield.
, .. tOi UAH ?Kl
Wm. Greig Lapmam Van Holt Garrett
Frank A, Calhoun
Augusta, - - Georgia
Corner Reynolds and 8th Sts.
'.? " ? i I?I .) ? ? i i