Oldest Newspaper In South Carolina.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 4,1911
HOLD YOUR COTTON.
Editor of Progressive Farmer
Urges Farmers to Market
Cotton Slowly. Yield is
The National Farmers' Union at
Shawnee declared that this year's
cotton crop should bring 14 cerfts a
pound in September and October,
and 15 cents later, and urged farm
ers not to sell for less. The Mont
gomery Cotton Convention fixed 15
cents as a minimum price and ad
vised farmers to hold forthat figure.
Present prospects are that the
cotton crop this year will not be
materially larger than was that of
last year, most of which sold for 14
and 15 cents a pound. C?rtainly
the demand this year will be as
great as it was last year, for every
pound of cotton is going to be need
ed by mills at home and Abroad.
Despite all these facts, however,
cotton (middling) is selling at less
than ll cents in some markets, and
none over that figure any
where. And from nearly all mark
ets come reports of heavy receipts;
the crop is unusually early in most
sections, and is being rushed to
, market, it seems, as fast as it can be
picked arid ginned.
Now, whose fault is it that cot
ton is bringing such low prices? It
is folly to blame the mill men for
wanting u> buy as cheaply as possi
ble-they are going to do it every
time. It strikes us, too, that it
is scarcely worth while to jump on
the National Department of Agri
culture fer the very favorable re
ports as to crop conditions it issued
early in the season. We all expect
ed a big crop then. Almost every
report th?it came to our office told
of fine prospects, and w? were all
nerving ourselves to fight for 10 or
11-cents cotton. The latest figures
issued from the Department, how
ever, show an almost unprecedented
decline in crop conditions, and
while we hold no brief for the Sec
retary of Agriculture, it strikes us
as rather a useless proceeding to at
tack him for the low price of cot
ton growers themselves. There are
plenty of reasons for a, sharp in
crease in the price of cotton: All
reports now agree that the crop is
going to be below rather than above
the average; the demand for the
staple is good-manufacturers will
probably be fighting ior cotton be
fore next year's crop is gathered;
Southern farmers through their or
ganization have declared for higher
prices^ and they are, as a class, well
fixed to hold until the market rises.
Thers are all these reasons for high
prices and only one for low prices
but that one is enough. Farmers
know what price is offered and
thousands and thousands seem eageJ
to sell at that price. It isn't worth
while to talk about better prices, to
resolute and speechify and denounce
everybody and everything, and at
the same time haul the cotton to
market and sell it as fast as ginned
just as if it were a case of necessity.
There is just one way-a way as
plain as the nose on a man's face
to raise the price of cotton-stop
marketing until the price advances.
4? We want c
Then market slowly and conserva
'tively, stopping sales again when
I the market shows signs of weak
Cotton is low only because lots of
cotton is being offered for sale. The
exporters and manufacturers are, of
course, delighted buyers. The price
is practically certain to go up with
in a few months; but it is not going
up as long as plenty of cotton can
be had at present prices.
If you feel like taking a load of
cotton to town-why, don't do it.
Take the team and go to the fields
and begin plowing or ditching. If
your negro tenant is in the notion
of going to market, advance him
five or ten dollars, take charge of
his cotton and put him to work
chopping wood, or digging onh
stumps. It will be money to both
you and him.
In short, if ll cents is too little
for cotton-and it is-don't sell at
that price. Advise your neighbor,
too, not to sell; but if he will 'that
is his loss. It's partly your loss,
too, for every bale rushed on the
market prematurely drags, down
prices for everybody else; but the
man who sells at 10 and ll cents
mostly is paying the penalty of his
We do not believe that any thor
oughly well informed man thinks
that this year's crop should sell for
less than 13 cents; the Farmers'
Union and the Montgomery Con
vention advise ho'.ding for 14 or 15
cents. In any case, prices are bound
to go up, and we believe that any
farmer who sells at present figures
is cheating himself out jf $10 to
$*J0 a bale he would get by holding
besides injuring his fellow-farmers.
Hold your cotton.-Progressive
Opening of the G. F. C.
The Greenville Female College
has far and away the best opening
in all her history. There are now
185 young ladies in the boarding
halls, against 143 for all of last
year. We did not get the exact
figures for the opening of a year
ago which was, we believe, up to
that d.itp the best, but .ther^are
dies1 now in the boarding depart
ment than present at this time a
year ago. Tne figares we have
just given do not include the town
patronage which is also very large
but which- has not been fully matri
culated and can not be given with
accuracy. Because of the fact that
some girls have gone three in rooms
that were intended for two and two
in rooms that were intended for
one, there are a few rooms in some
of the boarding halls that are avail
able for new comers; but only a
few. The largest expectations of
Dr. Ramsay have been more than
A story is told of the daughter of
William Jennings Bryan. When a
young girl, she started to school one
morning, and after a desperate run
for a street car finally succeeded in
catching it. As she took her seat,
she gasped, "Well, I'm glad one of
the family can run for something
and get it."
>ur customers to kn
pened we have insta
s and we are now p:
on brought to us v?
aiting they have be<
in the past. Wo c
quick service and
as any ginner
PAY YOU TH
ET PRICE FOR
Yours for quick ser
ORPHANAGE WORK DAY.
Members of Baptist Sunday
School Combined Work and
Pleasure by Picking
September 30th is the day set
apart by the Baptists of the state
as Work Day for Connie Maxwell
Orphanage at Greenwood. Every
man, woman and ohild interested in
the institution is asked to contrib
ute the earnings of that day as a )
special offering for the Orpanage.
Mr. W. B. Cogburn, Superintend |
dent of the Edgefield Baptist Sun
day School, adopted the plan of]
providing some way for the Sunday
School children to engage in work
hy which they could make their)
own money for the desired object
It was decided that cotton picking
would afford the boys and girls
more fun and more profit than any
So, accepting an invitation from
Mr. J. West Cheatham, thirty or
forty merry cotton pickers went in
wagons out to his farm early Satur
It was announced by the Super
intendent that prises would, be
awarded to those who picked the
greatest number of pounds of cot
ton. This added zest to the day
and each one entered into friendly
rivalry with another for the reward
offered and for the orphans less for
tunate than themselves.
All worked faithfully until one
o'olock when they were called to
dinner spread on a table under large
oak trees by those who had brought
baskets. Mr. and Mrs. Cheatham
added a bountiful supply to the din
ner of steaming hot chicken pies,
fried chicken, lemon pies and other |
good things. So there was an abun
dance to refresh the hungry cotton
pickers whose labors gave them
good appetites to enjoy their well
After dinner all went back to the |
fields and worked until sundown.
Each one's cotton was then weighed
and the prizes of $1.00 each were.j
J??dies' prize, Miss Bessie Wood
son. Girls' prize, Lailie Peak.
Boys' prize, Oscar Cheatham,, Miss
Woodson picked fifty-nine pounds.
Miss Charlotte Parks was a close
competitor, having fifty-two pounds.
The total amount of cotton pick
ed was 1200 pounds, which added!
to a generous gift from one of the
number present, made twelve dol-1
lars lor the Orphanage fund.
There was no age limit in the
cotton picking contest. Little tots
and grown-ups worked side by side.
Mrs. D. B. Hollingsworth, Mr. C.
E. May, Mr. and Mrs. Jas. B. Ken?
nerly, Mrs. J. T. Pattison, Mr. E.
J. Norris and Mr. W. B. Cogburn
deBbi v c honorable mention and com
mendation for faithful service in
the harvest field.
There were others, too, who
worked well and all on that day
were laborers worthy of their hire
who earned a goodly sum for the
Orphanage besides spending a pleas
ant day at Mr. Cheatham's home.
Gin house insurance, system gins,
steam gins, water gin machinery.
E. J. Norris, Agt.
ow that since the
lied new and larg
repared to gin all
without the long
3n accustomed to
an give you as
as large turnout
y in the State.
PLUM BRANCH NEWS.
Many Young People Off For)
Merchants and Cot
Editor The Advertiser: .We are
in the swim. Ginning and. Selling
cotton are the order of t?he day.
The capacity of our ginnery-is fifty
bales and often they, are (Repelled
to run into the night as laic as 12
o'clock. We have as good "?harket
as there is ontne C. &"WTfe, Rail
road. Our merchante pab* good
prices for all kinds of country pro
duce. The cotton raarkefir jr^tf a lit
tle sluggish to-day. ^erjt&g dis
tance phone was in much demand
to-day with the cottonboyejsa,. We
can boast of our seven local buy
ers and once in a while a factory
buyer drops in to make th?'ijiarkf
Our crops, i. e., the cotton crop,
is not what we expected some weeks
back. Most of it is nearly ajl open
but there is a shortage of hands
and the fields are white.
The corn crop ia very good and
tkere is an increase in the acreage
over last year.
Plum Branch is patting oh/town
airs and if some of our neighbors
don't look out we will bo in the
lead. The vim and push of some
one or two of our Piam JJ?anch
citizens has created oonsidiaihle
jealousy in our nearby towns.
Our high school has opene&up in
good shape with a good corps of
teachers-three in tie literary de
partment and one in the
Miss Dorothy Miller ha? ?Sne to
school at Orangeburg, add Hilled ge
Sturkey has gone back to Glenison
to continue his studies tn civil en
Miss Lucile Sturkey has gone to
Greenwood to enter Lander female
college as a btudent, which leaves
the old folks with the two small
boys to look after the farm and all
the paraphernalia thereto I jug
get the extra length of side Crock
finished ap in two or three days and
the long pass track will be com
pleted soon which will add mach to
our town. Mr. Hawthorn Banks
has gone to the S. C. C. t at Edge
field to resume his studies at that
institution, and, knowing Brother
Bailey as we do, we will guess that
he will pat him through a course
that will make a man of him.
Mr. Editor, if the long lost chain
gang will come up and give our
public roads a good working, I
don't know whether we would care
whether we went into Greenwood
after all the noise that has been
made. If we miss the waste basket
we will come again.
Increase in Gold Mining in
The mine production of gold in
Sooth Carolina in 1910 was 1,853.92
five ounces, valued at $38,324, ac
cording to H. D. McCaskey, of the
United States Geological Survey, an
increase in value over the outpit of
1909 of $27,271. The silver pro
duction was 46 fine ounces, valued
at $25, in 1910; as against 182
ounces, valued at $97, in 1909.
There was a small output of copper
reported from South Carolina in
1909, but not in 1910. The value
of the total production of precious
metals in South Carolina was $38,
449 in 1910 as against $11,076 in
The yield of gold and silver re
ported from South Carolina in 1910
was from 10 placers and 2 deep
mines. The total quantity of ore
reported from the deep mines in
1910 was 24,153 short tons, all of
siliceous gold ore, with an average
recoT ?rable value of $1.50 per ton.
The placers yielded 100.42 fine
ounces of gold in South Carolina,
and the remainder of the produc
tion,-1,753.50 fine ounces,-was
from deep raines.
Copies of Mr. McCaskey's report
can be had on application to the
Director, U. S. Geological Survey,
Washington, D. C.
One For Each Face.
A Western politician had quite a
reputation in his own town for sue
cessful duplicity. It was generally
believed that his idea of party prin
ciples was to work and vote with
the winning side. He once entered
tho store of a druggist who happen
ed, at the time, to be opposed to
him politically .
* I want a jar of face cream," he
"Be sanitary, Tom," replied the
druggist. "Get two jars."
Young People Off For College.
New Century Club to Give
Banquet. Mrs. Turner
Judge J. G. Mobley and Mr.
Wm. Lee Coleman attended the Red
Shirt com ention in Columbia last
Among those who left for college
last week were Misses Marion Mob
ley, College for Women Columbia;
Ida Satcher, Limestone; Maggie
Derrick, Frances and Kate Pruitt,
Coker college; Martha Watson,
Hollins Institute, and .Messrs. Geo.
Yonce, Junius Bailey, Grady Yonce,
Newberry college; Willie Ouzts,
Auburn Moyer and Loami Smith,
Wofford, and Archie Lewis, Fur
Mesdames J. W. Marsh and J.
H. White have been elected dele
gates to the state convention, W.
C. T. IL, which meets at Manning,
While playing recently on the
piazza, little Charlie Carson, fell
over the banisters and broke one of
his legs, just above the knee. At
present he is resting well, and it is
thought that the fractured bone will
soon knit together.
The New Century club will give
a banquet on the evening of Octo
ber 10th at Turner hall, and it is
expected to be an elaborate affair.
Each member has the privilege of
inviting one, and several other
guests will also be included.
Miss Mary Spann Harrison has
gone to Fairfax to teach music in
the graded school.
Misses Lillian and Ella Mobley
are at home from a visit to the Ap
palachian Exposition, Knoxville,
Master Joe Smith, who lives near
town has made a record for himself
as a cotton picker, having picked
276 pounds in one day and is only
12 years of age.
Dr. T. C. Bomar, of Georgetown,
is visiting his mother, Mrs. M. De
Loach, near town.
wood, has been here for a few days.
Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Neely, of Au
gusta, spent last week here.
Mr. L. B. Asbell has returned
from a visit to Ellenton.
Mr. McMillan, of Dillon, has
been visiting his sister, Mrs. H. D.
Mrs. M. T. Turner entertained
with a five o'clock tea on Friday
afternoon, and the occasion was a
most pleasant one to all. Besides the
young lady teachers of the high
school, a number of. the young
ladies of the town were present.
Mrs. Smyly Stevens, a guest in the
home, stood with Mrs. Turner as
ahe received the guests, in the hall
way, and the incoming ones were
refreshed with fruit punch served
by Misses Frances and Bessie Ford
Turner. A spirited game of Pro
gressive Travel was enjoyed, and
the score cards were minature suit
jases, and as each couple travwere
up to a higher table the cases f the
tagged, and at the conclusion o suit
game, Miss Virginia Agnew'smost
case proved her to be the she,
Lraveletl by so many tags, andelde
was presented with the gift, a dain
ty little suit case filled with hand
kerchiefs. Miss Weinona Lewis was
presented with a handbag contain
ing mints. The games were played
out on the broad veranda and in the
vine clad pergola, which leads from
here, and at the conclusion, a deli
cious repast was served in the tea
house and during the while, the
guests enjoyed the pretty flower ,
garden surroundings, and the gol- ?
den sunset, which seemed to form a ?
back ground to all.
Visitors here this week from '.
Meeting Street were Mr. and Mrs i
Smyly Stevens, Mrs. Ida Stevens.
Mr. and Mrs. J. K. Allen and Miss ?
Mary Lewis. '
The heaviest rainfall of the sea- ?
son was on Sunday morniug. The 1
streets and side walks were flooded, 1
ind several small bridges were 1
vrashed out of place. During the *
rain the electrical storm was severe. (
Mr. Irwin Welling, of Darling
ton, spent Sunday here with friends. <
Two promoters of the Greenville
and Hamburg railway were in town 1
last week, and it is understood that 1
they are prospecting with a view of
Bxtending their road by Johnston. '
Improvements are being planned (
for the town in the way of water 1
works, and the election on the 10th '
will make the decision. ?20,000 is 1
the bond to be raised and if this is J
passed the taxpayers will have an
additional $.005 on the dollar.
He-I told your father I could
not live without you.
She-What did he say?
Ho-Oh, he offered to pay my
Feet Growing Larger.
Shoe manufacturers claim that
the American woman's foot is grow
ing larger. The number two shoe
is almost obsolete, they say, and
sizes four and five are much com
moner than three. The explanation
seems to be that the phenomenon is
due to the increased use of the fem
inine foot as a means of locomotion.
The constantly increasing number
of women engaged in industry and
the growth in popularity of tennis,
golf and walking have, had their in
evitable result, and common sense
has done much to abolish the wear
ing of pinching shoes. The tradi
tio n' that small feet are an excellent
thing in women has persisted long
and will not die without a struggle.
Conservatives need not fear that
women will carry this matter too
far; they know when to stop.
South Carolina Farmers Also
Agree Upon Fifteen Cents
Columbia, S. C., Sept 28.-Sev
eral hundred farmers, business men
and bankers meeting here to-day,
discuseed plans to keep the cotton
crop from the market and agreed
upon 15 cents as the price for cot
ton. The action of the Southern Cot
ton Congress at Montgomery was
endorsed. Representative bankers
from several cities of the state,
pledged the support of the banks in
financing the crop.
E. J. Watson, president of the
convention, announced that C. S.
Barrett, head of the National Far
mers' Union, stated to him tonight
in a telegram that a definite an
nouncement as to the French loan
of $75,000,000 to finance the crop
would be made in a few days and
that Mr. Barrett expected a rise in
the price of cotton soon.
A resolution was adopted asking
that the South Carolina representa
tives in Congress use their efforts
to regulate dealing in cotton by the
exchanges so that real cotton will
be the basis of all contracts and
that actual delivery be hacL
' - uy, ... . a?. ..v-*
Farmers' Union showed that 50 per
cent of the cotton crop of this state
had been picked, and that 30 per
cent had been placed on the market.
Senator E. D. Smith, of South
Carolina, was among the speakers.
The sense of the convention was
that influence be brought to bear
upon the individual farmers of
South Carolina, to hold their ?cotton
for a higher price.
Death of Mrs. Wideman. Funds
io be Raised For School.
Cotton ?Ginned and
Mrs. John Henry Wideman died
on the 27th inst., and was buried
the following day .in the Plum
Branch cemetery. The funeral ser
vices were conducted at the Baptht
church by Rev. Earle Freeman, as
sisted by Rev. O. N. Rountree. She
leaves a husband and three little
children, and also a father. She was
just thirty-one years old, and her
work looked unfinished, but one
wiser than we is back of it all.
At a patron's meeting yesterday
afternoon steps were taken toward
formulating plans for liquidating
the debt on the school building, and
for supplementing funds for current
expenses. The patrons instructed the
faculty to adopt the one session
plan instead of one in the morning
and one in thefafternoon.
The patron's meeting was follow
ed by an enjoyable social meeting
arranged by the teachers and pupils,
and for about three hours ice cream
was served to a large crowd that
tad gathered. The purpose of this
meeting was to collect funds for a
library, and the nice little sum of
117.50 was the result.
The efficient carps of teachers,
lided by the trustees, are determined
Lo make this one of the best schools
possible of its kind. Already houses
ire in demand by those who wish
;o move here to educate their chil
The Sunday school of the Baptist
jhurch is observing Orphanage
Work Day to-day, and the proceeds
will be collected to-morrow for Con
lie Maxwell orphanage.
The town is alive to-day with
'armers who have come with their
jotton to the ginnery and to the
narket. More than six hundred bales
lave been ginned here during the
nonth of September.
Plum Branh, S. C. F.
"Ah, my friend," said a clerio
;o a prisoner undergoing a term of
imprisonment for burglary, we
must not lose sight of the fact that
we are here to-day and gone tomor
"You may be, sir," replied the
burglar, "but I ain't!"
Urges Law Enforcement Diffi
cult to Get Cotton Ginned
Many Stricken With Ma
"Law" Baid Geo. D. Tillman,
quarter of a century ago, "was not
made to be enforced." What is it
made for, said I. For the poor, th?
timid, the ignorant, said Mr. Till
man. Why the first thing the ad
ministrators of the law do when a
law is passed, is to find a way around
it, and as the Col. said this with his
characteristic emphasis he made a
gesture with his right hand in the
form of a circle to enforce his idea
of getting around the enforcement
of law.- We were younger then than
now, and thought the Col's, ideas
a little extreme, but experience has
taught me that he was nearer right
than I then supposed. The only
thing I remember about Seab
Wright's great speeoh at Edgefield
more than a year ago was when he
said, "that the great problem before
the American people of to-day is the
enforcement of law." Let the peo
ple who enforce law and want it en
f orced study this statement for there
is more in it than you possibly
Edgefield county is to be con
gratulated upon the election of Col.
S. B. Mays as president of the Good
Roads Association, who will, so I
am informed, endeavor to broaden
out the offices of this association
by enlisting the several communi
ties in the different townships mak
ing the county. We need some good
solid ground work in building up
this good roads idea, and Col. Mays
is not a recent convert to this idea,
but one who h&s been faithful for a
score of years. Let every one inter
ested help Col. M.\vs, and his assist
ants in this good work.
Cotton is opening very rapidly,
and the people are having som*
trouble in getting it ginned. The
; Plum Branch ginnery I am told,
using 4 gins,, turn ed out or ginned
70 bajes one day last wc
for I don't think I ever heard of so
many chills. To visit our homes
now, you would find capsules lying
around in the windows like pindera,
Mrs. Pat Robertson, Capt. J. J.
Gilmer, T. G. Talbert. Mr. Geo.
Parks family, Mr. and Mrs. Dren
nan and many others too numerous
to mention are, or have been haviag
chillis in the face of the fact, that
this is practically a preventable dis
ease, being disseminated by the pes
tiferous mosquito? Keep down the
crop of mosquitos, if you want to
avoid intermittent fevers.
Mr. W. W. Fowler who is an in
defatigable worker called together
the executive committee of the west
side fair association of which he is
chairman, Saturday afternoon last
to complete the list of cash prises,
and other matters pertaining to the
association. It was announced, that
Clemson would send experts to judge
the live stock and that Commissioner
Watson of Columbia, would be
with us, and possibly Congressman
Byrnes and Tom Watson. If all
these big guns come we will have
the oratorical pyrotechnics as well
as an excellent display of exhibits,
which will appeal in some of it?
phases, to the taste of the m dst
fastidious. So prepare to come one
Rev. T. H. Garrett was called
yesterday to be pastor of Parksville
Baptist church for another year.
The B. Y. P. U. last night was
well attended, the subject being
"The working power of faith."
We were glad to shake the hand
of Mrs. James A. Dobey from John
ston, who is on a visit to her moth
er, Mrs. L. F. Dorn.
Miss Penn, from Trenton one of
the assistant teachers in our school,
came in Sunday afternoon. This is
certainly good news to Prof. West
who has for the last week or two,
been on double duty.
We were glad to shake the hand
of Mr. W. Y. Quartes formerly of
Rehoboth now of McCormick last
Friday in our town. He was on his
way to visit the Burkhalter family
who have been so sorely distressed.
We told "Uncle Billie" how well
he looked and upbraided him for
not coming to see us oftener.
Mr. O. D. White, the duke of
White Town, paid Parksville an
honored visit on last Saturday. Ho
ought to come oftener than he does.
We understand that the Modoo
school, with Mrs. Mamie Walker as
as principal will begin to-day.
Mr. Watson Talbert left us one
day last week for the S. C. C. I. of
Several days ago the Sto?k left a
fine boy, named James G., Jr., at
the home of Mr. James G. and Mrs.
Addie Bell Parks.. They are recei
ing the happy felicitations of f rien
kins folk and acquaintances.
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