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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, October 25, 1911, Image 1

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Oldest Newspaper In South Carolina.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 25,1911 NO. 38
- _
HOW TO CONTROL COTTON.
Mr. P. N. Lott of Johnston, Farm
Demonstration Agent,Makes
Valuable Suggestion to
His Fellow Farmers.
There are very strange things in
this world. The products of nature
in her varied and multiplied form
of adjustment and re-adjustment
strikes one with awe. The ingenuity
of man's inventive power strikes us
with wonder. Yet the strangest of
all strange things under the sun is
the southern farmer; he digs his pit
and straightway falls into it; then
complains about conditions.
It is, however, a matter of ex
treme gratification that the bankers
ol the south have offered to assist
the farmers in holding their cotton.
We note however that very few in
this section have accepted the propo
sition, due to the fact that obliga
tions made iu the early part of the
year are due and as houest and
honorable men, they will meet them
at any sacrifice. They do not care
to risk borrowing money on their
cotton. It is their only money crop
and they cannot afford to take chan
ces on marketing it. It is hard to
toil all the year and sell your crops
lor less than it uost to make it. If
this was the first time that we have
been subjected to these conditions
we might cry out in distress and do
something rash.
Most of us remember when we
were forced to take 4 cents for our
cotton-provisions were high, flour
$8.00 per barrel and everything else
in proportion-times were hard and
the future looked gloomy; but in a
few months things had adjusted
themselves and we found that four
cents cotton was a blessing; nearly
every one sowed some wheat that
fall, more oats than usual were
sown; the shoats were not butchered
but kept over for brood sows; roller
mills were built; the mist had rolled
away and the farmer was again hap
py, not so much because he had
plenty of home raised rations but
because he had taken one step in
progressive fanning. These lasted
until flour came down to $4.00tper
barrel, meat 6 cents and other sup
plies in proportion and cotton W?'
for 15 cents, everybody had plenty
of money. The step taken a few
years previous was lost, the roller
mills were silent, the hog supply
dwindled to one or two for Christ
mas sausage, and butchers bought
their beef readjr dressed from the
cities, pine thickets and old fields
wera plowed up and planted iu cot
ton, guano liens ran up into mil
lions, we must just glut the mar
ket with cotton and we did.
This 1911 crop has performed the
feat we have been trying to make it
perform for eight years. Now how
many of us see ourselves as the cot
ton speculator and cotton mill men
see us. Viewing our present situa
tion, let us thank Mr. J. L. Mims
for his patriotic effort to keep us
from sinking even deeper. His prize
offered for the best acre of corn
has keDt some of us from having
to buy corn.
Let us look at the situation and
see if our system is not rotten and
unstable. An all cotton crop is
ruinous from the fact that we have
ns control our production, price oi
marketing. The cotton crop must
pay our bank account, our grocery,
dry goods, guano, taxes, tuition and
every other account. Now how is il
possible to meet ail these bills with
8 cents cotton when it cost, ll cents
to make it. Echo answers how!
It is a fact that any farmer thal
does not raise his home supplies if
not a farmer but a planter. It is al
so a well established fact that an^
agricultural country that is deficienl
in live stock is not in a progressiv?
way. One of the commonest thingi
the writer observes, as he makes hil
rounds through the country is a cow
staked out on a terrace and the cal:
has been sold for veal. This farm
may be a two-horse or a 10-hors?
farm but more than one cow is rareb
seen. If we talk to the boss of thii
farm we find Zthe question upper
most iu his mind is the price of cot
ton, nothing else interest him. I
we should look around this planter'i
premises we will see one or two loni
nose pine rooters in a 4 by 5 pen
this is his chance for meat. He ha
made his calculation on his cor
acreage. If he makes a full crop i
will be enough to last him until oat
come (if they come). In the sout
west prior to the coming of the bo]
weevil lands were worth twelv- t
fifteen dollars per acre. Those peoph
np to thai, time, had never raise*
anything but cotton and they, lik
us, were always up against som
hard proposition. With them, a
with us, it was make cotton t
bny guano and rations to make cot
ton to buy mules, rations and guanc
The boll weeyil forced them t
change their system, they plante
more corn, sowed oats and wheal
raised mules, horses, hogs, sheep,
beef cattle and goats. They have
five dollars now to one before the
boll weevil came and their lands are
worth from $90.00 to $100.00 per
acre. Are we going to wait until the
boll weevil comes before we try to
reform our methods. Do you think
it good business sense or shall we
begin now, by planting a better sta
ple of cotton, a cotton that will
bring ns $90.00 to $100.00 per bale,
instead of $40.00 or $45.00. |We can
raise as much per acre as the short
export cotton by making this change
and can cut our cotton acreage. Sow
wheat if flour sells for three dollars
a barrel and if you can't make more
than three bushels per acre, remem
ber it is the principle you are fight
ing for as well as the gratification
uf knowing what you are eating,
liniid you a pasture, put some of
your best land ir.to it. Land in the
rural section of England sells for
one thousand dollars an acre yet
those people say it pays them bet
ter to use it for pasture than to farm
it.
Some of the best mules and
ho.jes we ever saw were raised in
Edgetield county. We know one
thrifty farmer that has raised and
sold fifteen hundred dollars worth
of colts from one mare. The mare is
now a splendid animal and does as
much work as any animal we have
seen.Two-year-old beeves sell on our
market for $36.00 and $38.00. We
deem it useless to continue to enu
merate what can be done. We can if
we will. We know we have good
soil and fine climate and it is up
to us to improve our system of ag
riculture.
Johnston, S. C. P. N. Lott.
"The Sunset Monday After
noon."
The sun is sinking low in the
heavens, and casts a heavenly glow
upon the clo"ds covering the whole
west. Tliey are of a deep crimson
color tow..rd Lae horizon and high
er np .change lighter, or to a light
red. Thu whole west seems to be
ablaze with fire, not that fire which
burna and devait;] tes, but that glow-,
ing light of illumination and cele
bration which seems to orais^jhc^
made this wonderful world. Be
tween high mounds of red and
crimson can now and then be seen
a streak of green, and then a streak
of the infinite blue, not meaning to
be selfish, but not wanting this
crimson to cast him utterly in the
back-ground. Even the clouds in
the extreme east take upon them
selves the reflection of their neigh
bors and are of a light crimson.
The friends of the north and south
seeing their sisters in the elaborate
dresses of red crimson and streaked
with green and blue, put on their
best yellow and join in the wonder
ful illumination.
In about half an hour they are
not, but were, in their gay colors.
The ones in the west have changed
thatdres8 of crimson for one of dull
gray and seem mystical and more
?olemn, while those in the north,
south and east have put on their
black dresses, and it seems that in
the less gayer hours they have a
dress of mourning and seriousness.
In a short space of time night
throws her sable curtains over all,
and it was but a thing of the past.
[The foregoing very excellent es
say was written by Staunton Lott,
son of Mr. and Mrs. P. N. Lott, a
pupil of the Johnston High School.
-Ed. Advertiser.]
SPECIAL TRAIN SERVICE FRC?f CO
LUMBIA AND INTERMEDIATE
POINTS TO AUGUSTA, GA.,
And Return Account Georgia
Carolina Fair November 8th and
9th, 1911, on the following sched
ule: t
Lv Columbia 7:00 am
Cayce 7:05 am
Arthur . 7:16 a m
Lexington 7:27 am
Barr 7:36 a ra
Gilbert 7:49 a ra
Summit 7:53 a m
Leesville 8:05 ara
Batesburg 8:10 a rr
Monetta 8:23 a ra
Ridge Spring 8:30 a ra
Ward 8:40 ara
Johnston 8:50 a n
Trenton 9:10 a n
Miles Mill 9:25 a n
Vaucluse 9:57 a n
Granitevi.'o 9:44 a ra
Warrenville 9:49 an
Ar. Augusta 10:30 a m
Returning, ?rain will leave Au
gusta 7:30 p. m. on Nov. 8 and 1
arriving Columbia ll p. m. Se
reduced fares advertised in anothe
column. Call on ticket agents fo
further information.
John L. Meek, AGP,
Atlanta, Ga.
Frank L. Jenkins, TPA
Augusta, Ga.
PARKSVILLE NEWS,
Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Parks En
tertains. Targe cotton Yields
Masonic Meering. Mr.
Fowler Commended
A short time ago, you were kind
enough to leproduce a paragraph
from Dr. C. C. Brown of Sumter,
and now I beg that you repeat a
paragraph, which is a part of a ser
mon before the South Carolina Syn
od at Clinton, on October 17th, by
the Rev. G. G. Mayes, the retiring
moderator, which is as follows:
"Calvin threw down the gauntlet iu
the face of all Europe. 'Not ashamed
to declare the whole counsel of
God.' That was what his church
stood for, and the world needs a
church to stand for the same. The
stern old 'tenets were unmistakable
then, they must be unmistakable to
day. Intellectual unrest is abroad in1
the land. Nothing is too sacred to
be questioned. The faith of many is
wavering. Christians are numerous,
but they are so weak. God's holy
day is losing its sanctity, the Chris
tian home is being attacked, and
law is held by many in contempt.
There are things transpiring under
our eyes, and in our very presence
that are a reproach to a Christian
people. If ever a firm stand was
needed , to be taken for God and
truth; if ever strong meat for migh
ty men was called for, the condi
tions call for such to-day. The cav
alry of God's militant host may be
scouring the field. His infantry be
battering in every place, but the
heavy guns of the heavy
artillery must be brought into ac
tion orno complete route is possi
ble."
This is an extract from a sermon
on the mission of the Presbyterian
church, and I rise to ask, is the
mission of the Episcopal, Metho
dist or Baptist any less, or condi
tions any more favorable, or the
responsibility and work lighter?
The cotton, the cotton. I have
been told that Mr. B. D. Kitchings
of White Town picked 18 hundred
pound? seed cotton from hid sorri
est acre the first picking. Of. course
lie got it all. Mr. E. T. Christian
says he picked 1,000 pounds from
9-10 of an acre, and has not gather
ed over half, which will make 2,000
pounds to 9-10 of an ?acre; and this
too on land, that a few years ago,
it was thought would not produce
cotton.
On last Friday night a sociable
was given by Mr. and Mrs. W. P.
Parks in honor of Miss Ruth Cot
ton of New Haven, Conn., who is
on a visit to her grand-father, Mr.
B. F. Cotton of this place. The so
ciable was well attended, and the
young people are said to have had a
good time.
The Masonic lodge met in regu
lar session last Saturday night, and
Messrs. Harv Drennan and Tillman
Howie were made master masons.
There bas not been a meeting in
two years of this lodge, that there
has not been work to do, which
shows that there has been at least
in this community a revival in the
Masonic fraternity. There was a
full attendance of the members and
a visitor in the person of Mr. J. D.
Quarles of Concordia.
The little booklet gotton out by
the indefatigable W. W. Fowlei
advertising the west-side fair on
November Jl6th and 17th is out o?
the hands of the printers and thc
frontispiece is a fine likeness of
Col. W. J. Talbert. Prof. W. W.
Fowler is a walking encyclopaedia,
and deserves great credit for his in
dispensable efforts in furthering th*
interests of our show.
Let all persons interested remem
ber that the union meeting of th?
3rd division of the Edgefield asso
ciation will convene on Saturday
and Sunday with the Red Oal
Grove church. We have a good pro
gram and the hospitable people o:
Red Oak Grove are expecting to en
tertain a large crowd. We expec
Uncle Trav Dorn, will kill 5 pigs
a sheep and a cow and many othen
many do likewise.
Misses Ella Simons and France
Seigle? rrom Mountain Creek ari
visiting Misses Rosa and Mattie Sn
Minor, daughters of our esteerae<
fellow townsman, Mr. J. M. Minor
Misses Will Dorn of Faifa an<
Walter Dorn of Modoc were visi
tors at the home of Mr. J. A. Harv
ley Saturday last.
Mr. Willie Burkhalter of Nortl
Augusta came up Saturday to pa;
his sister Miss Carrie Burkhalter a
appreciated visit.
Messrs. Robert Bussey and Et
gene McDonald who have been d(
ing carpenter's work in the ernpir
state of the south came home Sat
urday to see homefolks and swee1
hearts.
Mr. W. M. Robertson one of ou
merchant princes spent most of la?
week in your town doing patriot:
CLEOR? C?LLINGS.
Cotton Fields White. Only an
Average Crop Made. Bran
son School Opens. Large
Corn Yield. ' ?
Editor of Advertiser: We are
having rain now to make np for the
shortage daring the sommer. I have
never seen as mach cotton open in
the fields in this neighborhood be
fore, and as little picked out.
Since the worms have eaten all the
leaves off the stalks. The fi?lctn look
like the middle of Decjembei^ Very
few have finished picking over the
first time. Don't think the ??bp will
be above an average one, oat it all :
opened at once, and pickers are j
scarce.
The Branson school opened last
Monday the 16th with Mis? Nellie
Hill as principal and Miss Carrie
Collins as assistant The attendance
was small on account of .'cotton
picking but will have about .45
scholars when they all coraef -Most
of the farmers around here have
aved good hay crops and $0$ corn
crop is very good. Few oats have
been sown yet but think a ;
will be pot in if the we
permit. One of our neii
looking for barrels to put
crop o? sorghum in. He fe
he had 75 or 80 gallons
crop on hand.
Mr. W. P. Bronson had a nice 6
months-old colt to get its leg broken
last Friday night.
Mr. R. W. Christie's tple boy
has been quite sick but U better J
now.
We hear Mr. C. M. Thomas and
family will move to Edgejield next |
year.
Mr. Geo. Strom has bo?ght land
from Mr. Sam Morgan and will
move on it next year.
If the cotton everywhere is being ?
picked and ginned as slowly1 as it
is around here the attendant would
not be crowded as it is. The white
cotton patches will keep's, good
many from the oountytciir who
would like to attend, if thereafter
is fair. However, ' we LoV t?f?ora
will be represented in thc Jhits.
Mr. Milton Walker has been
? quite sick but is able to be op again.
Mr. Lafayette Sheppard Takes
His Life Because of 111
Health.
Greenwood, Oct. 21-Lafayette
Sheppard, a well known citizen of
Greenwood, committed suicide late
yesterday afternoon while sitting on
the front piazza of his home on Oak
street, shooting himself in the tem
ple with a pistol. Mr. Sheppard had
been in ill health for a long time,
and had been very despondent. He
had been a resident of Greenwood
for over 30 years, and has a host of
friends in town and over the county
who are shocked at his death.
Mr. Sheppard is survived by his
daughters, Mrs. C. M. Bobo, Mrs.
W. T. Biers, Mrs. C. B. Beudrot,
Miss Lula and two sons, Oscar
Sheppard, of Garfield, Ga., and
Edwin Sheppard, of Augusta. Mr.
Sheppard was a member of the first
Baptist church here and the funeral
exercises will be held to-morrow af
ternoon, conducted by his pastor,
Rev. G. N. Cowan.
He Was Welt Off.
H. Clay Calhoun, testifying in an
assault case, spoke of one Washing
ton White as "well off."
"Now, witness," said the cross
examining lawyer, ' when you de
clare White to be well off, what do
you mean? Is he worth $10,000?"
"No, sah. Oh, no, sah," said Cal
houn.
"Is he worth $5,000?"
"No, sah. Mah, gracious, no!"
"Is he worth $1,000?"
"No, sah; he ain't wurf 17 cents."
"Then how is he well off?"
"Beka8e. sah, his wife am a No.
1 washlady and keeps de hull fami
ly in hangup style."-Exchange.
William Dean Howells is a stout
opponent of those novelists who, un
der the pretext of reforming their
readers, write books about vice.
"Such writers," said Mr. Howells
at a luncheon at Kittery Point, Me.
remind me of a lad whose mothei
said to him:
" 'Why Johnny, I do believ(
you're teaching that parrot to swear.
" 'No, I'm not, mother,' the bo:
replied. Tm just telling it what i
mustn't say.' "-Los Angeles Times
service as a juryman.
Fine rains have fallen here in th
last 24 hours. Of course the crop
do not need it, and much damag
has been done to cotton in the field
but what does it matter, when th
price is low, and our people ar
making more than they can gathei
The earth needs it if the crops don'l
More Anor
JOHNSTON LETTER.
Ladies Missionary Society Hold
Celebration. Attractive
LyceuinCoucse- U.D. C.
Delegates.
The first anniversary 01 circle
work of the woman's missionary so
ciety was celebrated on Monday and
a reception was given by the seven
leaders, Mesdames Annie P. Lewis,
M. T. Turner. Joseph Wright, J.
P. Bean, J. C. Lott, P. C, Stevens
L. E. Grim, to the members of the
missionary society, the Y. W. A's.
and the presidents of the other so
cieties in iown.
The affair was held in the after
noon in the Sunday school rooms
of the Baptist church, and Mes
dames O. D. Black and P. B. Wa
ters received the ladies at the front
and Mrs. W. L. Seigler had charge
of registry book. A short devotional
exercise was conducted by Mrs. W.
J. Hatcher who spoke very feeling
ly of this work, being the one to
put forward this plan, and several
of the ladies spoke of the success
with which t'ie circle work is being
met with. The social hour was
much enjoyed and ices and cake
were served.
Mrs. A. P. Lole visited relatives
in Edgefield recently.
A splendid Lyceum course has
been arranged for the winter months
by Mr. H. D. Graut. The first at
traction will be the Danish violin
ist, Axel SkoVgaard. He is the pos
sessor of one of the. Stradivarius
violins, there bein? only 3 in exist
ence, this ono costing him #13,000.
Following this will be the "Toron
to Male Quartet," "The Philadel
phia opera and concert party," and
two lectures.
Mrs. John M. Wright visited her
son, Mr. Joe Cox, in Columbia re
cently.
Mrs. Eleanor Ivey is at home
from a visit to Mrs. Lona Ivey at
Greenwood.
Miss Lizzie White, a former
Johnston girl, who took up the pro
fession of trained nuts?, and has
been assistant superintendent at the>
Augusta hospital, for 3 years, bas
been selected "as snpeviurendent of
the new hospital wnich will be
erected at Greenwood.
Mr. O. F. Pechman has returned
from the Columbia hospital where
he has been under treatment.
Dr. Maxwell spent last week in
Walhalla with his parants.
Mr. and Mrs. M. T. Turner, Mr.
Wallace Turner and Misses Zena
Payne, Frances and Bessie Ford Tur
ner made a car trip to Greenwood
the last of the week and were guests
at the home of Dr. J. Wallace Payne
at his country home at Epworth
Villa.
Mrs. Ona Reese, of Atlanta, is
visiting at the home ?of her father,
Capt. T. R. Denny.
Mrs. Edwin Mobley spent last
week in Columbia with her uncle,
Mr. James F. Mobley.
At the last meeting of the D. of
C., delegates were elected to the
state convention at Greenwood,
November 21st-23rd were Mrs.
M. T. Turner and Miss Maud Saw
yer; alternates, Mesdames H. W.
Crouch and J. H. White,
Messrs. F. Stanford Bland, J.
Howard Payne, W. B. Ouzts and
Dr. G. D. Waiker went over to Au
gusta on Friday evening to attend
the play in the opera house.
Mrs. W. W. Hines has returned
to Petersburg, Va., after a two
week's stay with Mrs. Peter Eppes.
Miss Weinona Lewis made a
pleasure trip to Augusta during the
past week.
Mr. Harry Mish Hamilton and
Dr. H. Welland, of Middlebrook,
Va., arrived on Sunday morning,
and were guests at the home of the
former's sister, Mrs. W. Allen Mob
ley.
Mrs. W. E. Lott and little Eliza
beth and Effie Allen spent last Fri
day with Miss Lucile Mobley.
Misses Lillie and Petula LaGrone
spent the week end in Augusta.
Mrs. H. W. Crouch and Miss
Elise Crouch, spent a portion of
last week in Augusta with Mrs. E.
G. Morgan.
Mrs. Mary Hamilton has gone to
Atlanta to visit her daughter, Mrs.
Horace Black.
On Saturday night about twelve
o'clock the alarm of fire was given,
and it was found that the guard
house was on fire. The negro man
that had been placed there the dav
before, stated that he had beer
smoking and falling asleep the pipe
had set fire to the place. It if
thought that he used this device as
a means of escape. The fire was dis
covered by Dr. Allen who was re
turning from his practice.
The date for the chrysanthemun
show has, been set for Novembe
11th, and will be held in Turne
hall. 'All contestants are asked t<
send in their names to Miss Ev;
Rushton before November 4th, a
DO name will be registered after that
date, and all flowers to be brought
on Friday 10th, except cut flowers.
In the afternoon the monument to
the Confederate dead will be un
veiled and the exercises will include
an address. The D. of C. will serve
dinner during the day.
Happenings Around Antioch.
Yesterday was another rainy Sun
day and we had no service at all at
Antioch. Some days must be dark
and dreary, but we would rather
those days wouldn't come on our
preaching day, especially as we
have only one sermon a month.
Since the last writing from this
section the death of Mr. Ginae
Wood has occurred, the account of
which was published in last week's
issue of The Advertiser. One by
one the old people are being called
away. Mr. Wood was the oldest
man in our neighborhood, having
passed his eightieth year. We sym
pathize deeply with the family
whose sorrow is made doubly great
by the extreme illness of Mrs. Geo.
Wood, the oldest daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Ginse Wood.
On last Tuesday Mr. Lester Tal
bert was called to his old home near
Troy on account of the death of his
aged father who had been in bad
health for many weeks. Mr. Tal
bert's many friends extend to him
profound sympathy in his bereave
ment.
Mrs. Margaret Bartley has spent
the past week with relatives in our
midst.
Miss Eugenia Mims, of the S. C.
C. I., spent Sunday and Monday
with the home-folks.
Several from this section attend
ed Forepaugh & Sells Bros. show in
Augusta last week, and many of us
took in the Haag show last Fri
day.
Early last Monday morning the
house of Rev. Chas. Dobey (color
ed) was consumed by fire, but
through the kindness of his white
neighbors all the contents were
saved.
Is not bad weather the folks of
this community will attend the Fair
this week.
Town of Ninety-Six.
The New York Times published
the following:
"Here is a novel wager among
commercial men arisingover theques
tion of the name of a certain town.
A group of these travelers happen
ed to be stuck in the course of their
wanderings over the country. One
man said the oddest of all he had
,?ver encountered was "Ninety-Six,"
whereat his fellow-travelers hooted
at him for a fabricator. He took
all of the bets that were offered
that there was no such town in the
country, and it was left to me to
settle the question. I in turn am
leaving it to The Times.
"The traveler was right. Ninety
Six is a village in good standing in
Abbeville county, S. C., some 80
miles southwest of Camden. Tradi
tion says that it was so named be
cause it was founded just 96 miles
from Keowee, the principal town of
the Cherokee Indians in the Sonth.
"Ninety-Six is not without his
torical lore. In the Revolutionary
war it happened to be,an important
strategic point. While it was occu
pied by a Loyalist force of some
550 men under command of Lieut.
Cruger in 1781, it was unsuccess
fully besieged by a force of Ameri
can patriots under Gen. Greene.
The siege continued from May 21
to June 19, when, on being inform
ed by his scouts that a greatly su
perior British force under Lord
Rawdon was approaching the town,
Gen. Greene abandoned the siege
and hastily withdrew.
"The Americans made a historic
assault on the Loyalist fortification'
on June 18, being repulsed witt
heavy losses.
"Jes- as he is"
"Dinah," asked the preacher
when it came her turn to answei
the usual questions in such cases,
'do you take this man to be youi
wedded husband, for better or fo:
worse-"
Jes' as he is, parson," she inter
rupted; "jes' as he is. Ef he gets an?
bettah, Ah'll know de good Lawd'f
gwine to take 'im; an' ef he gets anj
wusser, w'y Ah'll tend to 'im ray
self."
Just received a big Stock o
Boy's Clothes the handsomest lin
ever shown in this section. Sizes I
to 18. Prices ranging from $1.5i
up to $8.50. We can sell you a up-to
date suit for your Boy for $5.5
the same you are paying elsewher
for $8.00. Don't fail to look a
them even if you are not ready t
buy them now. C. H. Schneidei
next to Edgefield Mercantile (Jon
pany.
BUYING BEEF CATTLE.
Under Clemson's Extension
Work Prof. Smith Gives
Valuable Suggestions Con
cerning Beef Cattle.
Of all the factors which deter
mine the profit in feeding beef cat
tle the buying of the cattle is one of
the most important, and one cf the
most difficult with which fanners
in this State have to contend. Clem
son College has lately been doing
everything possible to induce the
railways to grant reasonable freight
rates on cattle from St. Louis and
other large stock centers to Wash
ington, Richmond, Ballimore, and
New York with a four months feed
ing limit in South Carolina, and we
still hope that this arrangement can
be made. The present practice of
buying in North Carolina and Ten
nessee is unsatisfactory and expen
sive, as the supply of cattle is limit
ed and the quality badly mixed and
the expense of buying greater than
is necessary. Buying in the large
stock centers would reduce the ex
pense and enable the farmers to pur
chase desirable cattle at any time
instead of having to bay early in
the season before many of them are
ready to start feeding as is now the
case.
There is an old saying that cattle
well bought are half sold and, to
assist farmers who are experienced
in this work, Clemson College will
furnish a competent man without
charge for his services to assist in
selecting where a sufficient number
are to be purchased at one time.
Shorthorns, Herefords, and Aber
deen Angus are the three popular
beef breeds, and there is practically
nc? difference in the value of these
breeds for feeding purposes. En
deavor to buy cattle as uniform in
color, size, and quality as possible,
of the low set, broad backed, smooth
type, weighing from 900 to 1000
lbs. and carrying sufficient flesh to
enable them io finish well in 100 to
lao days, counting on a gain of li
to 2 lbs. per day.
In buying cattle ^froto dealers in
sist on keeping them in a dry lot
without feed or water for twelve
' "nou1rs^etedinr'^?gl^8T>r??
ducting 3 per cent in weight to
avoid paying beef prices for feed
and water and an excessive shrink
age in shipment. Don't buy young
oattle or thin cattle scrubs, as they
will not fatten readily and will have
to be sold at low prices. Count on
an increase in the value of cattle of
lc to li per lb. and buy only cattle
that will fatten quickly and increase
in value as they put on flesh.
Clemson College will gladly fur
nish all the information necessary
regarding the proper methods of
feeding cattle, and will furnish a
competent man to visit each farmer
free of charge to render any assist
ance necessary. The Experiment
Station will also feed two carloads
of cattle this winter to study farther
the more economical methods of
producing beef.
Prof. A. Smith,
Chief Animal Husbandry Divi
sion.
October 21, 1911.
Union Meeting.
The union meeting of the 2nd
division of the Edgefield association
will meet with Red Hill chnrch
on Saturday October 28th and 29th
1911.
Devotional exercises at ll a. m.
by J. D. Hughey.
11:30: Roll call, verbal reports
from the delegates of the churches.
1st Query-The cause of reli
gious indifference (a) In the home,
(b) in the church, (c) in society. G
WMedlock, J O Atkinson, RM
Johnson and T P Salter.
2nd Query-What manner of life
and service in men will render th?
highest good in his community. J
H Courtney, W T Prescott, S B
Mays, C C Jones.
Adjournment for dinner.
3rd Query-What should be the
nature and kind of amusements that
a church member should engage in.
P B Lanham, J D Hughey, W D
Holland and T C Mathis.
4th Query-Are we giving for
the advancement of God's kingdom
as he has prospered us. Geo. Wright,
D E Lanham, J W Quarles and J C
Whitlock.
Sunday 10:30 a. m. Sunday school
mass meeting conducted by superin
tendent of local school.
Missionary sermon by Rev. Z T
Cody of the Baptist Courier.
Adjournment for dinner.
Afternoon services to be provided
fer.
C. M. Mellichamp,
For committee.
Big lot of blankets just received
at bargain prices.
Israel Mukashy,

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