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TAKING CARE OF TORN CROP
In Years of Scarcity of Roughage Ail
Fodder Should Be Saved-Sled
Cutter Proves Best.
In years of scarcity of roughage
like this, all the corn fodder should be
saved. In some localities this is done
almost every year, while in others it
goes to waste. Anyone who expects
to save and handle corn fodder with
out a great deal of work will be dis
appointed, but there are some short
cuts that will lessen the labor. We
have never found the corn harvester
satisfactory in this section, says a
. Bled Corn Cutter.
Irriter In the Homestead. Most of the
corn is cut by hand. The most satis
factory method I have ever practiced
?aa to tie up the saddles at th- . places
where the shock was wanted and out
the two rows by hand, then use a
one-horse sled cutter If the corn were
standing weil. Start in at one end,
sod as you reach a shock stop and
set up the bundle you have cut In
this way a row of corn may he cut
through almost as fast as a horse can
walk. The cutter herewith Illustrated
ls simply a sled with an old saw blade
secured at the proper angle. Two
tuen can operate a double cutter
which is made the same way, except
tb*"^ is a blade on each side. When
the shocks are finished, let them
stand a day or two unless lt is stormy
then draw tight with a rope, and tie
FOR PULLING A FENCE POST
Tool I? Made With Heavy Piece of
Steel Formed With Three Sharp
Points at One End.
The tool shown In illustration ls
made with a heavy piece of steel
formed with three sharp points at one
end, says the Orange Judd Farmer.
These should be about 1% inches long.
It is then bolted to a strong scantling
Will Yank Out a Pott
shoot 8 or 10 feet long, -as shown in
illustration. By pressing the points
Into the wood of post and nsing the
scantling as a bar any fence post may
be easily drawn from the ground.
KEEP TOOLS FROM RUSTING
Combination of Graphite, Tallow and
Gun Camphor, Melted Together,
(By H. P. FERGUSON.)
Any steel tool will rust if exposed
to damp air, yet I have found that
tools subjected to the following treat
ment every three months will not rust
-unless actually thrown on the ground
or exposed to hard rain. Take two
parts each of graphite and tallow and
one part gum camphor; melt together,
end if not soft enough to form a stiff
paste add more tallow or lard. Re
move all rust from the steel surface,
wipe dry and apply the paste. Let it
remain on for twenty-four hours, then
rub dry. Unless the tool is needed
?ven longer than one day will be still
better for the tool to be covered with
the preparation. The above prepara
tion has the effect of a coating of oil
though every vestige has apparently
been removed for months.
t i Alfalfa is a deep feeder. Plow land
Composting is rather a hard job and
requires a great deal of time.
Don't burn your straw. If it ls In
the stack spread lt as manure.
It has never seemed advisable to
sow alfalfa in the fall with rye.
Diversified gardening ls the safest
course for growers supplying local
The successful manipulation of bees
depends entirely on a knowledge of
The ground for sweet clover seed
Should be prepared the same as for
alfalfa or clover.
Alfalfa should be raked and cocked
up the afternoon of the day of cutting
where conditions aro favorable.
It does not pay to devote high
priced land, for long periods, to pas
turage and the production of hay.
Silage is worth $5 per ton when
prairie hay sella for $14, and $6.70
when timothy and clover sell'for $18.
Experts of the department of agri
culture advocate the use of lime in a
limited and experimental way in every
After growing a crop of corn, the
soil ls always in excellent form to ab
sorb and retain the autumn rains
and winter snows.
Alfalfa does not attain maturity un
til the third or fourth year; therefore,
(do not sow it expecting to get the
-t>eet results In less time.
BIG GRAFTING OF MIDDLEMEN
Farmer Could Increase Profits 50 to
60 Per Cent, by Selling Produce
Direct to Consumer.
Graft-pay for work not done or
service not performed, also anything
thus gained. "A soft thing," or "easy
thing;" "a snap."-Webster.
The above definition exactly fits the
middleman system. If the middleman
could be eliminated entirely, and the
farmer could sell all of his produce di
rect to the consumer, his profits would
be increased from 50 to 60 per cent
If the present method of distribution
could be changed to a rational sys
tem, farmers' profits would be in
creased from 25 to 85 per cent.
H. B. Fullerton, a Long Island farm
er followed, a shipment of potatoes
which he sold for 28 cents a bushel,
at Medford, to Philadelphia, wbere
they were delivered by the retail gro
cer to the consumer at $1.05 per bush
el. These potatoes passed through
the hands of five different commis
sion men, only two of whom had a
dollar invested lu the business. They
were all scalpers, passing the stuff
along from one to the other, each man
scalping off the farmer's profits as
much as he could, the total amounting
to a loss of 60 cents per bushel.
A Michigan farmer tells The Farm
World that he could not get 25 cents
per bushel for potatoes at his farm
station, 10? miles iron. Chicago, but
on visiting a friend in the latter city
the next day, found te was paying 65
cents per bushel tor potatoes which,
by the way, were shipped from a sta
tion 15 miles nearer Chicago than the
Michigan farmer's home.
The consumer pays, for beef about
38 per cent above the wholesale
price of the slaughtering . houses.
This does not take into consideration
the profit made by the packer, which
is at least 12 per cent more. Dairy
men everywhere receive only 50 to
60 per cent, of the retail price. Poul
try returns to the farmer's wife only
fron 55 to 69 per cent, of the price
paid by the consumer, and vegetables
and fruit net the farmer less than 30
The farmer sells corn at 35 cents
per bushel in his home market. After
it has run the gauntlet of commission
men lt ifc sold to the consumer in the
form of rhicken-feed at the rate of
$1 a bushel.
On the other hand: A farmer buys,
a suit of clothes for $20 which cost the
manufacturer $9. Coffee, which costs
the wholesaler 12 cents a pound is re
tailed at from 25 to 30 cents. These
prices could be multiplied indefinitely,
but the samples given are sufficient to
shew that the middleman catches the
farmer both going and coming. They
aiso prove that the farmer is not re
ceiving an excessive price for his prod
ucts and the consumer is paying high
er prices than be should.
The middleman is the product of an
evil system of distribution which has
grown slowly but steadily until it is
now a grievous burden upon the farm
er and the consumer. In the large
cities the cost of distribution of pro
visions consumes a large part of the
expense which bridges the gap be
tween the farmer and the consumer,
and much of which is absolute waste.
The question is one of great eco
nomic importance, and will have to be
met as the farmers of Europe have
met it. Over there, farmers have
formed great organizations through
which they deal direct with the con
sumer, thus adding vastly to their
profits, and reducing the cost to the
Organizations are being formed
slowly in this country, and as the suc
cess of the plan of direct selling be
comes more apparent, its scope will be
broadened and farmers may hope In
time to bring the products of the iurm
by short cuts nearer the consumer,
and obtain a much higher percetnage
of profit, while benefitting their cus
tomers in the same degree.-Farm
ABUNDANCE OF 300D FEEDS
No Section in United States Can Com
pete With South In Cheapness of
With cheap land and cheap labor, an
abundance of good feeds, pasture from
eight to ten months in the year and an
almost ideal climate, the south is fast
coming to the front as a live stock
country. Dr. S. A. Knapp: "There ls
no section in the United States that
can compete with the south in the
cheapness of producing feeders."
The great drawback to tho ?Ive
stock business in the south ls the lack
of thoroughly good permanent pas
tures. The land is usually worn out
growing cotton year after year and
then fenced for pasture. Not a seed
is sown, not a furrow turned.
Leguminous hays grow successfully.
Two crops of pea and peanut hay may
be grown In one year. Cottonseed
meat which ls considered a necessity
In the north, is produced in every
Boll Weevil Benefits.
If the boll weevil forces us to do
what we should have been doing all
along lt will not be such a great mis
fortune, however great a misfortune
lt may 6eem now. If the weevil suc
ceeds in forcing diversification of
crops, the growing of leguminous
crops, the raising of good live stock,
the eradication of the cattle tick, bet
ter farming and BO on, we should hot
TO INTRODUCE A BEE QUEEN
Prominent English Authority Gives
His Method-Many Insects May
Be Caged Without Being Stung.
Joseph Gray, a prominent bee ?au
thority of Long Eaton, England,
writes as follows:
I use Potts* queen cages, whch can
also be used as cell protectors or
nurseries. The differences between
these and the regular cages are:
1. The candy-hole is made from the
end, using only a half-inch bit.
2. A half-inch bole is made through
the side into the center compartm'-'t.
3. The top and side covers ? Df
perforated metal, and cut so t" .ley
do not catch the clothing.
4. These covers are put with a
screw, which serves as .nge, and
can be tightened with c e turn of the
Potts' Queen Cafe.
screwdriver, so that the imprisoned
bees cannot force open the doors and
escape, which I have seen them do
when laid down temporarily.
The convenience and advantage of
these cages will be readily seen in the
Go to your nucleus colony and pick
up the comb with the queen; grasp it
with the left hand, also hold your
queen cage with the same hand, your
thumb over the opened side door. A
three-eighths or quarter inch is not
nearly so convenient. You can cage
as many bees as you wish with seldom
a sting. The covers are so cut that
they will not catch the clothing and
pull open on the way to the out-apiary.
SELECTING SEED CORN EARS
lt ls Usually Best to Secure Variety
That Has Been Successfully
Grown In Locality.
(By C. P. BULL, Minnesota Agricultural
Everyone recognizes the value of
using an ideal pure-bred sire, in breed
ing up his herd or flock. The better
bred a herd or flock becomes; the
more money it yields to its owner.
These recognized facts, concerning
the breeding of stock, are Just as true
concerning farm crops; and when
practiced will often yield better re
turns. Surely there are few farm
crops which may be improved so eco
nomically and so quickly as corn.
Many have the idea that, to start in
right and grow good corn, they must
send elsewhere and get some new
fancy kind of seed. Those who do this
are usually disappointed with their
first crop or two. It takes some time
for corn to become adapted to a
change in climatic and soil conditions.
For that reason, it is usually best to
secure a variety of corn that has been
successfully grown, in the locality for
a period of years.
In case the variety is not large
enuugh, or does not mature, these
fault* can be corrected only by a care
ful selection of seed ears. If a good
local variety is chosen, one will be
more sure of securing a crop; and by
the end of two years (which would
be neceseary to acclimate the outside
corn) he would be much nearer suc
cess than if the same amount of time
had been spent with a corn brought
from some distant locality. We do
not wish to discourage the introduc
tion of new varieties of corn, but such
varieties should be tried io a small
way first. Color, so far as is known,
has no effect whatever on the feed
ing value of corn, but is simply a
fancy of the grower.
On the subject of hauling manure,
Professor Gilmore, of the New York
experiment station, says "We think,
all things considered, lt ls better to
haul the manure directly from the sta
ble to the fields than it is to pile lt up
for any length of time. If well-rotted
manure ls desired for trucking pur
poses or for top dressing for hay
lands, then it must be stored, but un
der ordinary conditions for this pur
pose losses from 25 to 45 per cent. In
the fertilizing value of manure occur,
and if it ls not kept reasonably wet
an-1 stirred from time to time, exces
sive fermentation results, to say mith
ing of dry burning and leaching. Loss
es amounting to 37 to 57 per cent
have been recorded when manure has
been exposed to weather. This loss
refers mainly to the fertilizing ma
terial in the manure. It ls still avail
able as humus or organic matter when
applied to the soil.".
In order to have white stalks of cel
ery, lt ls well to blanch lt, by banking
with earth or placing boards about lt;
leaving just a few Inches of the stalk
above ground. This ls done gradually
in warm weather, the boards are
more satisfactory, as the celery does
not decay as readily under them.
The Timmons Drug Store.
Is amply prepared to take care of its patrons in
their preparations for the apfestive season. Largest
=Fancy and Toilet ARTICLES^=
in Edgefield from which to Select Christmas gifts.
Beautiful line of high grade
" PERFUMERY =====
Very large assortment of pictures, China, Vases
and toys of every description. This is the place for
Santa Claus to make his purchases.
Fresh Nuts, Fruits and Fireworks
Fruit eake and pound eake in quanity
All of trie nice things such as Mince Meat, Gelatine,
Jello and flavoring extracts. Large shipment of fresh
candies in beautiful boxes from one to five pounds.
Israel Mukashy Bargain House
Special Pri?es on Christmas
Presents for every member of the family-things that are use
ful as well as pretty and attractive.
As Christmas is almost here,
we will make a reduction on all
goods Irom now until January ist.
So we want you]'to come in be
fore the stock is picked over.
Our assorted men's dress shirts
real value $18 for I2.50, our 12.
5o?for 7.48, our $9 for 4.48.
Boys blue serge suits worth $6
tor 4.98, our assorted boy suits
worth 3.50 for 1.98.
Our pants worth $4 for 3.25,
our 3.50 for 2.48.
g Overcoats worth $10 for 5.98,
0^*5.50 for 3.48.
All ladies dress hats worth 3.50
Our dress shoes worth $4, for
3.25, our 3.75 ?for 2.98.JOur la
dies dress shoes worth 2.25 for
1.75, 011^3.50 for
And also a bargain counter of
Next Door to Dunovant & Co.
See Us For job Work