Newspaper Page Text
All persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any capacity,
as husband, guardian, executor, ad
ministrator or trustee are required to
make returns of the same to the Audi
tor under oath within the time men
tioned below and the Auditor is requir
ed by law to add a penalty of 50 per
cent to all property that is not return
ed on or before the 20th day of Febru
ary in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable polls.
The township assessors are respect
fully requested to meet me at the ap
pointments for taking tax returns in
their respective township and they are
I also required to make tax returns for
those who fail to make their own with
in the time prescribed by law. The 50
par cent penalty will be added far fail
ure to make returns.
For the convenience of tax payers, I
or my representative will be at the
following appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns:
Roper's, Monday Jas. 15.
Meriwether, Tuesday, Jan. 16.
Collier, Wednesday Jan. 17.
Red Hill, Thursday Jan. 18.
Clark's Hill, Friday Jan. 19.
Modoc, Saturday, Jan. 20.
Parksville, Monday Jan. 22.
Plum Branch, Tuesday Jan. 23.
Morgan's Store. Wednesday Jan. 24.
Liberty Hill, Thursday Jan. 25. ]
Cleora, Friday J an. 26.
Pleasant Lane, Saturday Jan. 27.
Meeting Street, Monday Jan. 29.
Johnston, Tuesday Jan. 30.
Herrin's Store, Wednesday Jan. 31.
Trenton, Thursday Feb. 1.
The office will be open to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of February as prescribed
J. R. TlMMERMAN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
Congressman James F. Byrnes
has been called upon to fill a vacan
cy at the U. S. Naval Academy at
Annapolis, Maryland, by the ap
pointment of a principal and three
alternates for examination at the
Naval Academy, . April 16, 1912.
For the purpose of filling this va
cancy, Mr. Byrnes will have a com
petitive examination held at Black
ville, S.C. Friday, December 29,
Applicants must have been actual
bona fide residents of the 2nd Con
gressional District for the past two
years, and between the ages of six
teen and twenty years on April 16,
Candidates are required to be of
good moral character, physically
sound, well-formed, and of robust
constitution, and must stand a
thorough examination ia all the or
dinary English blanches, including
algebra quadratic equa
tions, and plane geometry (five
books of Chauvenet's Geometry, or
AU persons interested should com
municate with Mr. Byrnes at once.
Ro?- d Trip Christmas Holiday
Via Southern Railway-Premier Car
rier of the South:
Account of Christmas Holi
days, the Southern Railway an
nounces rec'ueed round trip fares
between many points. Tickets on
sale December 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, J
22, 28, 24, 25, 30, 31, 1911 and)
January 1st, 1912, good returning |
January 8, 1912. For detailed in-j
formation, call on nearest Southern j
Railway ticket agent, or,
John L. Meek, AGPA.,
Frank L. Jenkins, TPA.,
Having decided to move to Geor
gia I will sell at auction about the
middle of January my piano, furni
ture, store, cooking utensils, bug
gies, wagons, harness, mower, rake,
harrows, planters and other farming
implements, 60-gallon self measur
ing kerosene tank, general merchan
dise, pats, corn, fodder, hay, black
smith shop tools, milk cows, dry
cattle, four oxen, one Devon bull,
twenty head Berkshire hogs and
pigs, about 40 colonies of bees.
The exact date and fuller notice
will be given later.
Cleora, S. C
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gie Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
PROF. TATE'S REPORT,
Superintendent Fuller's Work
Commended. Approves of
Voting Special Levy
The following is a part of the re
port made by Mr. W. K. Tate,
state supervisor of rural schools, to
County Superintendent of Educa
tion W. W. Fuller upon his recent
visit to the county, a portion of the
report being withheld because of
its great length:
My dear Mr. Fuller: It is my
custom after visiting the schodls of
a county to make for my own bene
fit a brief record of my impressions
and to transmit a copy of my notes
to the County Superintendent of
Education for his information and
for publication in the papers of the
county, if he so wishes.
I First allow me to express my ap
preciation of your own hospitality
and the cordial welcome which I
received from all the citizens of
Edgefieid county whem I had the
pleasure of meeting. I shall look
forward with great pleasure to a
visit to your other school districts
at some future time.
In Edgefieid county I find much
to commend. In no section of South
Carolina have I seen as many coun
try homes in process of erection as
I saw in Ward's township. I wish
that the tendency to divide up
large plantations and to sell small
holdings to white people who would
live in the country and work with
their own hands were universal in
Edgefieid county and in South
Carolina. I believe that the pros
perity and safety of the state de
mands this policy. I am pleased
with the energy which you are ex
hibiting in the supervision of your
schools and commend most hearti
ly your decision to establish Satur
days and first Mondays as office
days and to s >end the remainder of
the week in the school rooms of
Edgefieid county. I am convinced
that the only supervision which
counts for much in any system of
schools is that in which the super
visor comes in direct personal con
tact with the teachers and the peo
I am pleased that so many of
your teachers are being retained for
more than one year in their posi
tions. It is im possible to develop an
efficient school where teachers
tbange every year. If a district has
had five teachers in five consecutive
years, it is not necessary to ask any
other question to know the unsatis
factory conditions which must pre
\ail in that school. In the Lott
school Miss Maggie Reel is now
teaching her fifth term. Since her
graduation from college she has
taught in no other school. The
trustees have been wise enough to
show their appreciation of her sor
vices by words of commendation
and by a substantial increase in
salary. Mr. G. F. Long has been
teaching at Harmony for many
years and has developed there an
efficient school. These examples
should be followed until the reten
tion of a teacher wherever it is pos
sible and the annual increase in
salary have become a fixed custom
in Edgefieid county. I was pleased
to note the interest which you are
taking in the selection of good
teachers for your country schools..
The greatest service which a coun
ty superintendent can perform for
any district is to assist the trustees
in finding a good teacher. The
trustees should place on the county
superintendent an increasing meas
ure of responsibility in this matter.
I commend most heartily your
efforts to pay the teacher's salaries
when they are due, and to prevent
the discounting of pay warrants. A
teachers salary is small eneugh at
best and she cannot afford to pay
the substantial discounts which
have been demanded in Edgefieid
county. If the trustees add the dis
count to her salary, "fie length of
the school term must be shortened
accordingly and teacher and chil- i
dren are finally the losers.
The school finances of Edgefieid
county need serious attention from
the people and their representatives
in the legislature. In South Caroli
na it is frequently the case that the
schools open in October and the
taxes to pay the teachers are not
collected until December. It is com
paratively easy to make arrange
ments for this brief period. In
Edgefieid county, however, as 1
understand it, the county school
fund is a whole year overdrawn.
The origin of the debt seems to be
obscure, but is usually credited to
the year '76 when no taxes were
collected because of the unsettled
state of affairs attending the over
throw of the Republican govern
ment The old debt has been in
creased slightly from time to time
until the present intolerable condi
tion has resulted.
I am pleased to note the con
tinued movement towards special
school taxes in Edgefieid county. I
trust that the remain ?g districts
will soon avail themselves of the
opportunity which this tax offers to
secure additional funds from the
Edgefield county should make
more extensive use of the school
building act. Three districts of the
county have erected new buildings
during the past year Others should
speedily take advantage of this act
under which the state and county
pays half the cost of the ordinary
rural school building. I commend
most heartily the decision of the
trustees in Wards district to discon
tinue the Satcher Branch school
The building is leno than a mile
from the Lott's building and the
few pupils who now attend the
school can easily reach other
schools. To spend $200 on six or
eight pupils who can be otherwise
accommodated is an unwise use of
county funds. It sepms to me that
the patrons of the Barr's Chapel
and Antioch schools should get to
gether and organize a good two
teacher school. It took just seven
minutes to drive from Barr's Chapel
to Antioch. i*(t$
Allow me in closing to call at
tention to the fact that the reading
in the schools which we visited in
Edgefield county was by no means
satisfactory. Reading is the basis
of all education. Most children in
South Carolina are trying to read
books far too difficult for them. Let
the teachers of Edgefield county
give special emphasis to reading
during the current year. This sub
ject should ba continued through
the seven grades of the elementary
school, instead of being dropped at
the end of the fourth as is now
May I suggest to the good people
of Edgefield that they need a new
schcol building. I do not call to
mind now another county seat in
South Carolina which has not pro
vided itself with a good school
house. In my opinion, the public
school in Edgefield should be mov
ed to a good lot somewhat more re
mote from the Institute and should
be given an independent existence.
Both institutions would then enter
on a new period of development.
W. K. Tate,
State Supervisor Elementary Rural
Mrs. Jane M. Brooks.
Mrs. Jane M. Brooks, wife of the
late Col. ?John Hampden Brooks,
who died in Columbia about a
month ago, was buried in Elmwood
cemetery in this city Monday, fol
lowing the funeral services at Trini
ty church Monday at 1:30 o'clock.
Mrs. Brooks died at her home.
"Roslyn," in Greenwood county,
near Ninety Six, Saturday night,
Before her marriage te Col.
Brooks, Mrs. Brooks was Mrs.
Jane M. Gist, nee Miss Jane Adams,
a daughter of the Tate Governor
Adams of Richland county. She
was a sister of Miss Mary G.
Adams, who became Col. Brook's
Mrs. Brooks is survived by one
sister, Mrs. Caroline LeConte of
"Alwehave," Richland county and
ll children-Mr. Preston S. Brooks,
Mrs. J. Quitman Marshall, Miss
Mary P. Brooks, Mr. Carroll
Brooks, Mrs. William M. Shannon,
Miss Kell Brooks, Mr. Loudon
Brooks, Mr. M. Berrien Brooks,
Mrs. Benjamin R. Heyward, Mr.
Bai ry Brooks and Mr. Whitfield
Another Little Flat Rock Girl
Editor The Advertiser: As I am
just from our little Christmas en
tertainment I will write you about
it. AH of sur parents were there.
You know that encourages us to do
better each time. Old Santa Claus
came to see us and brought each
one a little sack of fruit. I have en
joyed going to school all the fall.
Miss Eileen Ouzts visited friends
in this community this week. We
always welcome her back at any
Miss Ruth Vam will leave for
her home at Ruffin tomorrow where
she will spend her Christmas holi
Mrs. Mattie Kenrick is going to
give a tacky party for the sunbeams
next Wednesday evening (December
27th) from five till eight p. m.
Miss Ellie Dorn will spend her
Christmas with her mother and
Mr. O. O. Timmermau will move
to Shatterfield right after Christ
They have bought a stove for the
' church and we can have preaching
and not get cold.
Everybody must hang up their
stockings for Santa Sunday night.
Well as this is my first attempt
to write to the paper I must stop
and get to work.
If I find this in print I will write
A Flat Rock School Girl.
Modoc, R. F. D.
FARMER AND THE MIDDLEMAN
President Worst of North Dakota
Agricultural College, Talks on
Emancipation of Agriculture. ..
President J. H. Worst, of the North
Dakota agricultural college, sees some
discontent up his way in the expense
attached to marketing the farmers'
crops. In an adrdess on the emanci
pation of agriculture, delivered to the
graduating class on the occasion of
the seventeenth annual commence
ment, his striking conclusion is that
the farmer must get rid of the middle
man. He said:
From its strategic position, agri
culture could easily regulate the dis
tribution of the chief forms of wealth
it produces, or at least have a voice
in the organization of the machinery
necessary for distributing it among
the consumers of the country. More
over, the financial gain that would
thus reward the producer would not
be the only nor yet the chief advan
tage that would accrue. The effect
upon the country itself would be most
salutary. Higher education would be
directed less toward the desire for
making off the other fellow. Agricul
ture would also acquire the habit of
attending more largely to Its own bus
iness affairs. The consumer mean
while would more nearly secure his
goods at prices determined by the
law of supply and demand.
Under the present regime, however,
the farmer can neither regulate the
price of what he has to sell or buy.
He is completely at the mercy of
those whom he supports. Most coun
tries of Europe have been forced long
since by sheer necessity to dispense
witi?~all but necessary middlemen.
The time is not far distant, moreover,
in this country when agricultural co
operation will become a necessity, for
in business as in nature, the organiza
tion invariably seizes upon and son
snmes the unorganized elements. Or
ganized capital exacts tribute from
productive labor with the same ease
and freedom with which the wheat
plant captures millions of atoms of
earth and air and weaves them Into
its own structure, without so much as
by your leave.s Hence agriculture, un
organized and unco-operative, must
inevitably become the common prey
of organized forces. From this con
clusion there can be no escape.
INCREASED COST OF LIVING
National Master Bachelor Says Farm*
er Is Not Receiving His Propor
tion of Advance.
National Master Bachelder in an ad
dress before the 44th annual meeting
of the National Grange, used the fol
"Thi increased cost of living ls a
most widely discussed question, for
whs'jfc-there has been a marked ad
vance in retail prices of farm prod
ucts, It is a mistaken idea that the
farmers are receiving proportionately
higher prices. The great discrepancy
between the price paid the farmer and
the cost to the consumer ls due to
several causes, among them being bad
roads, which Increases the cost of
marketing the crops; excessive
freight charges, based on watered
stocks far exceeding the value of the
railways; and the exorbitant profits of
the commission houses and others in
the chain of communication between
the producer and the consumer. An
encouraging sign of the times is the
formation of associations of farmers
for the purpose of eliminating these
abuses, and securing fairer treatment
in the matter of freight charges, stor
age charges, etc. The general adop
tion of such co-operative methods by
the farmers would give them. larger
profits and at the same time reduce
the prices paid by the consumers of
the towns and cities for food stuffs."
Protect the Birds.
The ruthless shooting of birds
3hould be stopped right now. It is
true that in some sections English
sparrows and hawks are the only
birds killed promiscuously. The peo
ple in those sections of the country
look on other birds as friends and
protect them. This should be true all
over the country.
Robins, turtle doves, mocking birds,
quail and a number of other valuable
birds have almost been exterminated
In many localities. We should culti
vate the higher taste and think of our
Interests and cease to slaughter our
best friends-at least to the point of
Practice Sane System.
Many of our people are wide awake
and rushing at high speed along the
highway of achievement. Many of our
farmers are clearing their land of
roots and stumps, drainig the land,
reducing erosion to the minimum,
practicing a sane system of farming
a system that means fertile Boll, rais
ing large horses and mules to pull the
plows, getting more pure-bred stock
of all kinds, buying labor-saving farm
Implements and so on. Let na all join
Most Economical Way.
The growing of forage crops and
the keeping of pure-bred stock lie at
the foundation of all economical meth
ods of soil improvement. There ls
no surer or faster way of increasing
the fertility of fhe soil than by grow
ing leguminous crops and feeding to
pure-bred live stock and saving the
manure and putting it on the land. It
is not only a sure and fast way, but
it ls also the most economical way.
......... ,,1 ?? a. fc&2tt$AtoiaB?@fi!
Notice to Farmers.
The Graniteville Manufacturing
Company desires to purchase from
the farmers and others, good grades
of cotton (nothing below Strict Low
Middling, Augusta Classification).
Augusta prices will be paid for such
cotton. No low grades or wet cotton
can be purchased, as it is undesir
able for our usu.
A. H. GIBERT, Secretary.
Wood and Coal.
I have opened a wood yard and am prepared to
deliver wood any size or length anywhere i.n town
at reasonable prices. Can also fill orders for
coa".. . -
Will move ray saw cut wood where lots of four
or more cords are offered at one place.
I also run a public dray. Ring me np. My
phone is No. 32.
J. R. TOMPKINS
We are Prepared to Make
Liberal Cash Advances on
Cotton stored with us.
Your patronage solicited.
Adams Warehouse Co.
First Shipment Kentucky
Horses and Mules
We have just received another shipment of mules
and horses for the season. This stock was bought in
person by Mr. Wilson athis leisure. In the lot you
can find anything you want in driving and saddle
horses, also some good brood mares. Would like for
you to see the gentle ponies suitable for child's use.
Our mules are decidedly the best bunch we ever ship
ped. Some extra good large teams among them.