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HOW HISTORY IS DISTORTED
Russian Text-Book Shows Curious In
stance of Tampering With
Reasons of church, s ?ate cr other
policy have frequently, caused the
scholars of one country to tamper with
the history of another with which It
has been Intimately connected. A
curious instance of such a distortion
of French history was that found In a i
.Russian textbook, used in all Russian
public schools, and edited by a great J
, iRussian scholar, Ilovalskl. The fol
lowing may be cited as an Illustra
"Louis XVI. was a good and peace
ful king. After a long and famous
reign, in which he was most happy in
his choice of minister of finance, he
died quietly In Paris, beloved by all
Ms people. His death was caused by
"The successor of Louis XVI. was
his son, Louis XVII. During his reign
the brave royal army, commanded by
.General Napoleon Bonaparte, captured
.the larger part of the European con
tingent for the French crown. But
the faithless Napoleon showed ten
dencies toward misusing his power,
and was suspected of harboring dis
honest schemes against the legitimate
ruler. With the help of his majesty
the emperor and autocrat of all the
Russias, his plans were frustrated, and
he was deprived of all his posses
sions, honors, and rights to a pension.
He was then exiled to the island of
St. Helena, where he died."-The Sun
TO LAUNDER PAPER MONEY
Indiana Man Devises Machine That
Will Wash and Iron Soiled
It costs the United States govern
ment one and one-third cents to manu
facture a $1 bill. When the bill be
comes soiled through, continual han
dling it is sent to the treasury depart
ment, -vhicb destroys it and issues a
nice r?w clean bill in its place. The
same may be said of all other paper
currency of largs denominations.
Now comes a Sneibyville, Ind., In
ventor, F. B. Churchill, with a ma
chine for washing, ironing and other
wise laundering paper money. Accord
ing to the Inventive Age, Washington,
the treasury department redeemed
$1.183.000.000 in soiled bills last year
and issued new ones in place of them.
Eighty per cent of the bills might
have been washed at a cost of one
tenth of a cent per bill and reissued
at a considerable saving in cost to the
Mason and His Precious Gold Pieces.
John Mason, the player, has carried
three $20 gold pieces In his change
pocket ever since the new issue of
* that specie, the two new coins, St.
Gaudens' with and without "In God
We Trust," and the old piece with
'"Liberty's" head. At the stage door
of the Thirty-ninth Street theater in
New York recently an old man
begged the actor to help him secure
a night's lodging. John tossed the
beggar supposedly two silver half dol
lars, but in reality two of his favorite
gold coins. The old man, noting the
denominations, actually ran after his
benefactor and pulled at his coat, in
tending to inquire if the gold were
really given him in earnest. Before
he could open his mouth, however,
Mason pushed him back, exclaiming,
"Not twice in one night, old man."
"But do you mean ic?" a.?ked the beg
gar. "Certainly," answered Mason.
"Forty dollars, mister," cried the man.
"Not on your life," called Mason, as
his cab moved aw;iy, and then to hi3
companion, "Think of that-because
I give him more than he asked for he
thinks I'm easy-demands $40."
The Growing South.
v The scuth is forging ahead at a
great rate. The fourteen southern
states, with Missouri and Oklahoma,
have a population of 32,000,000. or
only 18.000,000 less than the Utal pop
ulation of the United States in 1880.
Since 1S80 the sixteen southern states
have increased the annual value or
their mineral production from $20,
000,000 to $340.009,000. as against
$450.000,000 in the whole country in
1880. Their manufactured products
hare a value within 52,000,000,000 or
the value of the whole country thirty
years ago. In 1880 the railroads of the
country had an aggregate length of
93,300 miles. The southern states now
have 87,000 miles. From southern
ports were exported last .year goods to
a value only $100,000,000 less than the
value of all exports from the country
In 1880.-Chicago American.
Good Thought, Anyway.
Little John Brice loves to walk With
his daddy through the woods. Last
Sunday these two had a famous walk
together, scaring up a rabbit or two,
and looking for squirrels.
Suddenly John, stopped, In a listen
ing attitude. . Then, "I knov? what
maker the wina,^ he' announced.
"It's the trees whispering," he in
formed his father, who had been walt
ing for the result.
Perhaps be ls right-Cleveland
Behind the Band.
"My wife is much Interested in the
"The comet? The comet was here
"I know. She's putting old news
papers under the carpets throughout
the house and catching ur with the
news as she puts 'em down."
AN EXCLUSIVE POOR FARM
No One Can Be Admitted or Assisted
Except Those Who Once Paid
Providence, R. L, enjoys the use of
the most valuable poor farm owned by
any municipality in the world, ali be
cause Ebenezer Knight Dexter in 1824
made a bequest leaving a big, stone
strewn meadow and several parcels of
land for that purpbse. Today the
property is valued at no less than
$1,000,000, and ls in the center of one
of the most fashionable residence dis
tricts of Providence. But while this
ls a poor farm, lt Is a very exclusive
one, to say the least. By the terms of
a very rigid and iron clad will, none
can be admitted or assisted except
those who once owned and paid taxes
upon real estate In Providence or
whose father or mother was a real es
tate taxpayer in that city. No other
Rhode Islanders and no person from
any other part of the United States
or from any foreign country may
knock at the portal to obtain admit
tance and secure shelter and food.
The Dexter asylum ls more than
self-supporting. With . a limited at
tendance, so to speak, lt is said that
the interest on Investment or income
ls enough to furnish every inmate a
trip to Europe each winter, with ac
commodations at the best summer ho
tels in the summer. During the hard
times in Providence, when there was
a great need of work for poor people,
an old clause in the Dexter will pro
viding for a stone wall built around
the place was taken advantage of and
many poor people were given work.
WHY CONDUCTOR WAS MAD
Because Youth Disowned Acquaint
ance With Woman Whose Fare
Th<?re was an uncomfortable conges
tion at the rear end of the pay-as-you
enter car, every one trying to get out
of the rain and mud and only a third
having their nickels ready. A young
man gave the conductor a quarter, re
ceived his five nickels and dropped
one of them into the box. "Here,"
shouted the conductor, "put In an
other nickel." "What for? I ain't
two people," retorted the young man
"Well, who's that woman up there?"
"I don't know. I never saw her be
"Well, she didn't pay." But the in
sistent passengers demanded atten
tion and the man at the box had to
drop the subject, although he looked
into the car later, glaring with espe
cial disfavor at the youth who dis
owned acquaintance with the woman
whose fare remained unpaid.
While playing an engagement In
St Louis a couple of seasons ago, Tom
Lewis struck up an acquaintance with
a wealthy Texan living in the same
hotel. There was a ball game sched
uled that day between the Browns
and a visiting club and Lewis invited
his new friend to go out and see it.
The battle was a particularly hot
one, the game going to an eleven
inning tie. When they got back to
the hotel the Texan, who had become
imbued with some of Lewis' enthusi
asm, began to recount the scenes and
close plays of the game to the hotel
"Well," said th* worthy, "I'm glad
you snw such a good game."
"Wall, now," said the Texan, "I reck
on as how it was a good game all
right. Why, sir, them two passel of
youngsters just played and played till
plumb dark and nary one made ary
Passing of the Tollgate.
The passing today of the old toll
gate at the northern entrance to the
city is well worthy of the fireworks,
oratory, and general jubilation which
it has Inspired. Strangers entering
Baltimore by the Reisterstown road
could hardly believe that this was
really a city of the fifth order, when
a village functionary had first to lift
a bar and demand their pennie* be
fore they were permitted to enter the
sacred metropolitan confines. The
good roads movement, so Intelligently
urged and fostered by Governor
Crothers and the Democratic ^jarty,
has already done more to instill life
and enterprise and a new spirit into
the counties of this state than all oth
er movements of recent years com
bined. ' The passing of the old toll
gate is symbolical of the new order
and the larger spirit of enterprise
and progress.-Baltimore Sun.
Mr. J. B. Duke's Ploughing.
In spite of the distractions of the
Tobacco company's reorganization, Mr.
James B, Duke bestows much atten
tion upon the work of developing and
beautifying his three thousand aerees,
tate, Duke's Park, near Somerville, N.
J. Not infrequently on his tours of
Inspection he personally directs the
laborers. One day he toole tia' plough
from the hands of a slow, awkward
foreigner, saying: '
plough a furrow. Pre aot forgotten
how I did that when I was a boy In
Another day he took the place of
the boss of a gang of workmen and
before he got through he dismissed
five for Inefficiency,
The Sullivan Law.
Magistrate-Did he carry concealed
Policeman-Yes; he had his fists in
Game All Right
The County Treasurer's office will be
open for the purpose of receiving taxes
from the 15th day of Oct, 1911, to the
15th day of March, 1912, inclusive.
A penalty of one per cent will be
added to all unpaid taxes after the 1st
day of January to the 31st of January
1912, of two per cent, from the 1st day
of February to the last day of Febru
ary 1912 and penalty of five per cent
from the first day of March to the 15th
day of March, 1921.
The tax levies for the year 1911 are
For State purposes 5J mills
" Ordinary County 4} "
" Cons. School tax 3 "
*. Special County tax 1$ "
" Bacon S. D. Special 2 "
" Edgefield S. D. 2 "
" Long Cane S. D. 3 "
" Liberty Hill S. D. 3 "
" Johnston S. D. 4 "
" Collier S. D. 3 "
" Flat Rock S. D. 8 "
" Prescott S. D. 3 "
" Plum Branch S. D. No 1 3
" White Town S. D. 3 "
14 Trenton S. D. 2 "
" Ward S. D. 2 ".
" Moss SD. 3 "
" Parksville S. D. 3 "
" Washington S. D. 2 "
" R. R. Bonds Wise T's' p 1J "
" R. R. Bonds Pickens 3 "
. " R. R. Bonds Johnston 3 "
" R. R. Bonds Pine Grove 14
" R. R. Bonds Rlocker 14 "
" " Bonds Town Edgefield i
" School Bonds. " .1 "
" Town of Edgefield
" Corporation Purposes 7 "
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 years and 60 years except those
exempt by law are liable to a poll tax
of one dollar each. A capitation tax
of 50 cents each is to be paid on all
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of 18 and 55
years must pay a $2 commutation tax
or work six days on the public roads.
As this is optional with the individual,
no commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when you desire to pay road tax.
Positively no taxes received after 15th
JAS. T. MIMS.
Co. Treas. E. C.
Schedules Southern Railway.
Premier of the South. Effective
Dec. 3, 1911. (N.B. Schedule
figures shown as information only
and are not guarteed.) Arrivals
and departures Edgefield, S. C.
1:10 a.m. No. 209 daily for Tren
ton, Columbia, Greenville, Spar
tanburg, Asheville, Cinciinnati.
Arrivals Trenton 8*30 a. m. Co
lumbia 10?50 a. m., Greenville
5:55 p. m., Spartanburg 4:10 p
m. Asheville 7:34 p. m. Cincin
nati 10:00 a.m.
10:5 a. m. No. 231, for Trenton,
Aiken, Augusta and intermediate
points. Arrive Trenton 10:40
a. m. Aiken 11:25 a. m. Augusta
11:35 a. m.
1:30 p m No 229, daily except Sun
day for Trenton, Aiken, Charles
ton, Columbia, Washington, N.
Y. Pullman sleeping car from
Trenton dining car service. Ar
rive Aiken 3:05 p. m. Charleston
9.15 p m. Columbi.* 6:40 p ra.
Washington 8:53 a m. New
York 2:31 p m.
6:50 p. ra. No 207, daily for Tren
ton, Augusta and intermediate
points. Arrive Trenton 7:10 p
m. Augusta 8:35 p m.
9:00 a m. No 208 daily, from Au
gusta and intemediate points.
11:00 a m. No. 208 dailj', from
Augusta and intermediate points.
11:00 a m. No 230, daily from New
York. Washington, Columbia and
1:00 p ra. No 210 daily except Sun
day, from Aiken and -intermedi
4:55 p. m. No 232 daily from Ai
ken, Augusta and intermediate
7:40 p m. No. 206, daily, from Cin
cinnati Asheville, Spartanburg,
Greenville, Columbia and inter
For detailed information call on
ticket agent, or E. H. Coapmao,
VP&GM., Washington, D. C.
J. L. Meek, AGPA.,
A ti an ta. G.
F. L. Jenkins, TPA.,
"? All persons are hereby warned
not to hunt or trespass in any man
ner whatsoever upon the lands of
the undersigned. The law will be
enforoed to the fullest extent against
Mrs. Emily Johnson,
W. F. West.
Nov. 14th, 1 Jil.
3 ".- s
= lam BOW prepared to take pto- j?
E tcgrapha of all lands, and respect- =
= fully solicit th? patronage of the ss
j) people. Special attention given to J
2. groupa sad outdoor work My %
+ prices ar? very reasonable. ? , . T
= Gallery open Tuesday, Wadnea- =
E day, Thuraday and Saturday from E
E ii till 5 o'clock.
a NORRIS BUILDING I
AU persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any capacity,
as husband, guardian, executor, ad
ministrator or trustee are required to
make returns of the same to the Audi^
tor under oath within the time men
tioned below and the Auditor is requir
ed by law to add a penalty of 50 per
cent to all property that is not return
ed on or before the 20th day of Febru
ary in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable polls.
The township assessors are respect
fully requested to meet me at the ap
pointments for taking tax returns in
their respective township and they are
also required to make tax returns for
those who fail to make their own with
in the time prescribed by law. The 50
per cent penalty will be added far fail
ure to make returns.
For thee convenience, of tax payers, I
or my representative will be at the
following appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns:
Roper's, Monday Jan. 15.
Meriwether, Tuesday, Jan. 16.
Collier, Wednesday Jan. 17.
Red Hill, Thursday Jan. 18.
Clark's Hill, Friday Jan. 19.
Modoc, Saturday, Jan. 20.
Parksville, Monday Jan. 22.
Plum Branch, Tuesday Jan. 23.
Morgan's Store. Wednesday Jan. 24.
Liberty Hill, Thursday Jan. 25.
Cleora, Friday Jan. 26.
Pleasant Lane, Saturday Jan. 27.
Meeting Street, Monday Jan. 29.
Johnston, Tuesday Jan. 30.
Herrin's Store, Wednesday Jan. 31.
Trenton, Thursday Feb. 1.
. The office will be open to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of February as prescribed
J. R. TlMMERMAN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gie Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SA"WS
Gins and Press Repairs.
NOTICE OF ELECTION,
State of South Carolina-County
Whereas there has been filed with
the County Board ?of Education of
Edgefield county, State of, South
Carolina, a petition of more than
one-third of the resident electors,
and a like proportion of the resident
free-holders of the age of 21 years of
Antioch School District No. 2, in
said* county and state asking an elec
tion in said district for the purpose
of voting on the question of levying
and collecting a special tax of two
millson the dollar of all taxable
property o? said district to supple
ment the school fund for said dis
Now, therefore, under provisions
of Sec. 1208, Gen. School Law of
South Carolina, it is ordered that
J. E. Johnson, T. B. Quarles and J.
L. Talbert, constituting the regular
board ol' trustees, do hold an elec
tion at Antioch School House in
county and state aforesaid on Sat
urday, Jan. 13, 1012, after giving
notice of time and place of said
election in some newspaper publish
ed in Edgefield county, and by post
ing notices thereof in at least three
public places in said district two
weeks before election.
At this election only such elec- .
tors as return real or personal prop
erty for taxation, and who exhibit
their tax receipts and registration
certificates as required in general
elections, shall be allowed to vote.
At said election each elector fav
oring the proposed levy shall cast a
ballot containing the word "Yes"
written or printed thereon, and each
elector opposed to such levy shall
cast a ballot containing the word
"No" written or printed thereon.
Within ten days after such election
if a majority of those voting shall
vote for such levy the board of
trustees shall furnish the County
Auditor with a statement of the
amount so levied. The polls shall
open at 8 o'clock a. m. and close at.
4 o'clock p. m., and in all respects
comply with Sec. 12.08 Code of
Laws of South Carolina.
W. W. Fuller,
Edwin H. Folk,
County Bd. Ed.
House and adjoining! ot of .3 acres near
public square. Orchard,garden,good
well, pasture, barn, buggy house
and other outbuildings. House
piped for acetzlyenu gas. For price
and terms apply to W. A. Byrd at
W. A. Strom,
Pleasant Lane, S. C.
First Shipment Kentucky
Horses and Mules
We have just received another shipment of mules
and horses for the reason. This stock was bought in
person by Mr. Wilson at his leisure. In the lot you
can find anything you want in driving and saddle
horses, also some good brood mares. Would like for
you to see the gentle ponies suitable for child's use.
Our mules are- decidedly the best bunch we ever ship
ped. Some extra good large teams among them.
We are Prepared to Make
Liberal Cash Advances on
Cotton stored with us.
Your patronage solicited.
Adams Warehouse Co.
Wood and Coal.
I have opened a wood yard and am prepared to
deliver wood any size or length anywhere in town
at reasonable prices. Can also till orders for
Will move my saw cut wood where lots of four
or more cords are offered at one place.
I also run a public dray. Ring me up. My
phone is No. 32.
J. R. TOMPKINS
Notice to Farmers.
The Graniteville Manufacturing
Company desires to purchase from
the farmers and others, good grades
of cotton (nothing below, Strict Low
Middling, Augusta Classification).
August*, prices will be paid for such
cotton. No low grades or wet cotton
can be purchased, as it is undesir
able for our use.
A. H. GIBERT, Secretary.