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J/7DJA/? <7//?? MAK/ftG
ASTRING of little black beads,
linked together with gold,
brought to Indianapolis a few
days ago is regarded by anti
quarians of the far west as
suu^tantial evidence in support of the
theory that the American Indians are
of old world descent.
The beads were a present to Mrs
Claire Bell, 428 North Alabama street,
from her mother, Mrs. B. L Canfield,
who is a teacher in the Sherman in
stitute, a school for Indian children
at Riverside, Cal., and they are the
work of the girls in the school.
The beads are pellets about the size
of a pea and jet black. They are hard
and metallic to the touch, but are as
light as paper. The wonderful pe
culiarity about them is that they have
a strong, agreeable odor of roses, an
odor that never will leave them, and it
ls this peculiarity that makes them of
such interest to antiquarians.
For, according to Mrs. Canfield, who
received her information from a pa
per published by a California anti
quarian who became absorbed in the
study of the beads-not this particular
string, but others like them made by
the Indian girls of the southwest
beads remarkably similar to these
have been found in the pyramids of
Egypt and in temples of oriental an
tiquity. Those beads, in spite of the
fact that they had been buried for
scores of centuries, still retained a
strong, delicate scent of roses.
A comparison of these beads with
rare strings of beads in the possession
of Indians of the southwest, who are
supposed to have migrated north from
the Inca settlements in Peru, showed
them to be identical. As the beads
were wholly unlike anything else of
Lnown existence, the conclusion was
reached that the ancestors of the In
dians must have been either the mak
ers of the beads found in the pyra
mids r . their ancestors.
White men were deeply puzzled
over the composition of tue beads,
and it was supposed th~f the manufac
ture of them must be one of the lost
arts. But when the Inuians discov
ered the interest that had been
aroused in their relics,. they found
that the method of making them had
been transmitted through the tribe by
tradition. They set to work, accord
ingly, and duplicated the pellets, to
the astonishment of the white nv n.
The secret of the Indians did not
remain exclusively tribal for very
long, however, since a great demand
arose at once for the rose-scented
beads. The art was taught to a large
number of the Indians, and from them
lt leaked out, until now there is no
longer a mystery about their manu
But the novelty of it is just as inter
esting as the mystery. The secret of
the scent of roses is that the beads
are actually made of rose petals.
"The Indian girls at our school hold
parties to make the beads," said Mrs.
Canfield, "much on the order of the
fudge parties of their white sisters, or
more like the old-fashioned spinning
or quilting parties.
"They gather bushels and bushels of
rose plants, which grow, as you know,
in profuse abundance In California.
They grind these petals up very fine,
maning them through a grinder seven
times seven times-you mustn't say
forty-nine times, for there is a mystic
significance to them in the expression
'seven times seven' which is lost In
the prosaic 'forty-nine,' and this mys
ticism, they believe, has an important
part in the result of their labors.
"When the petals are properly
ground they are put into iron pans
and tincture of Iron is poured over
them. That ends the first party, for
it is necessary to let the mixture set
for several days, so that the tincture
will eat into the iron of the pan and
color the composition black. Every
time one of the girls passes a pan dur
ing this period of 'ripening' she stirs
the mixture with her bands, so that ft
will have the proper color and con
sistency all the way through.
"After the m.xture has 'ripened' the
girls gather again to make it into
beads. It is a black, viscous sub
stance, thick er.ough to remain in any
shape into which it may be rolled. The
moisture in it has been supplied by
the juice of the rose petals, which
runs out in surprising quantity during
the process of grinding, and by the
tincture of iron.
"The girls take small quantities of
this viscous substance from the pans
and roll them into pellets such as you
see In this string. They are very deft
at the work and very painstaking, not
stopping until the pellet i?^perfectly
"These pellets are then pierced
with hatpins, and are strung on the
pins to dry. When a big beadmaklfig
party is given at our school there is a
hatpin famine In Riverside, for the
girls buy up all they can find at the
"Then the Indian maidens stretch
strings across their bedrooms and
from these strings they suspend the
hatpins to allow the beads to dry. The
process of drying consumes several
days, and during this time the girls
very jealously avoid raising dust in
their queerly decorated rooms.
"When the beads are dry they are
taken off the hatpins and the little
rough spots caused by piercing them
are carefully polished off. You have
then a neatly-pierced, black, perma
nently rose-scented bead ready for
Mrs. Canfield has been In the gov
ernment service for 17 years as a
teacher of Indians, first in the reser
vation schools and finally in pictur
esque Riverside, and she has an abun
dance of first-hand information of In
dian life and character that is highly
Learn White Man's Petty Grafts.
One of her regrets is that the In
dian artisan, engaged in the making
of blankets, baskets and other beauti
ful curios, ls learning the vices of the
white man, so that now Inferior ar
ticles are being made and sold so ex
tensively that only an expert is free
from the danger of being swindled.
Their education at the Sherman in
stitute consists of the common school
education, including the eighth grade,
and In addition they are given indus
trial training. Upon graduating from
the school the Indians are at liberty to
do as they please. Some of them go
to the higher Institutions of learning,
such as the Carlisle school, and some,
whose parents can afford it, enter
other large American colleges.
Others go back to their reserva
tions, where they become teachers in
the reservation schools or enter Into
the active life of the tribe, where their
superior education soon makes them
leaders. Still others, attracted by
their summer work, hire themselves I
out as skilled servants to the Cali
A few go to the cities and become a j
part of the great active world of
America, putting themselves upon an
equal footing and in competition with
white men in their chosen trades or
professions. Many of these Indians
have more than made good In the bat
tle of the big city.
Romances begun at the school fre
quently culminate in marriage after
graduation, many a stalwart Hiawatha
having proudly claimed a bashful Min
nehaha. Occasionally an Indian girl
marries a white man, or an Indian
man a white girl, but, according to
Mrs. Canfield, such caBeB are rare In
California. Mrs. Canfield believes the
government ls doing a great work at
Riverside and at similar institutions.
The Silent Father.
"I'll bet that man is the father of
six or seven children."
"fr he had less than three he'd I
bragging about them."
Closing Out Winter Clothing
?gaasgafc . gcw^g at ? aaa sssi
In order to close out all heavy clothing, over
coats and pants we will make a sweeping reduc
25 Per Cent for Cash
for the next fifteen days.
Now is the time to buy a new suit for yourself
or for your boy, even if you do not need it until
next winter. Besides getting our money out of
the goods, we must make room for Spring goods
which are already arriving.
All 15 " "
All 12 .. ?'
All io " "
All $L'o Ruits now
All 18 " "
All 16 " "
All $8 suits now $6
No Goods Charged at These Prices
The same sweeping reduction will be made in
in overcoats and pants. Tell your neighbors and
friends of the great bargains we are offering in
Dorn & Mims