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"CHINA'S NEW DAY."
An Interesting Resume of Pres
ent Conditions in China as
Published in The Exam
iner of Sept- 5.
By Mrs. John Lake.
In accordance with your request,
I am going to give you "a few min
utes" to tell you something about
how things seem to us in China
It must, of course, be taken into
consideration that we love China
and the Chinese with all our hearts,
and for that reason maj- be inclined
to be prejudiced in their favor; but
we believe there is a glorious future
just opening up before China. Be
cause of our intimate friendship
with many of the Chinese we have
been in close touch with the prog
ress of the revolution almost from
the first; and while we and they
knew that as citizens of another
country, it was "none of our fight,"
yet they instinctively felt they had
our sympathy in their desire to
throw off a hateful foreign yoke
and establish a republican form of
government, and for that reason
they confided in us more than they
would otherwise have done. As long
ago as the summer of 1910,more than
a year before the consummation of
the revolution, at the time Portugal
became a rei nblic and the new re
publican flags were floating every
where over public buildings in Ma
cao, one of our Chinese Baptist
preachers said to Mr. Lake, in the
presence of several Christians, with
an air of mystery, (aspell he might,
for at that time the imperialists
were seemingly intrenched in power
and any who dared lift hand or
voice against the Manchu dynasty
were in extreme danger of losing
their heads, as many scores had
done a fe'w months before right
there in Canton), this preacher said:
"China has a new flag, too! Only
the time hasn't come to get it out
and hoist it yet. "
Since that time the changes have
come thick and fast. Though
things had been brewing so long,
and were nearly at the boiling over
point in South China, the real start
of the open revolutionary fighting
in a formal way was in Central
China, in the neighborhood of Han
kow. Several successful battles
there emboldened our Cantonese
and revealed the fact that they were
almost to a man anti-Manchu and
pro-republic! The officials, seeing
that the odds were overwhelmingly
against them, retired or came over
to vhe revolutionists without a sin
gle blow, the Viceroy (the highest
official in Kwongtung, or Canton,
Province under the Manchus) flee
ing to Hong Kong under cover of
darkness one night, taking thous
ands of taels of the public money
along with nun as a souvenir of his
official relations, and leaving his
official headquarters in Canton at
the mercy of plunderers. The next
day, Nov. 19, 1911, witnessed one
of the most dramatic scenes that the
sun of old Canton ever shone upon:
exactly at the noon hour, in the
presence of the hushed, waiting
thousands, the old dragon flag, that
had sw long been the symbol of an
old despotic power, was lowered
from the Admiralty building, the
most imposing of the new official
buildings on Canton's new bund
(water front), and the new republi
can, or rather revolutionary, flag
for since then they have adopted a
new national flag, with its white
star on a blue ground in a field of
red-was impressively raised in its
stead. Simultaneously with this
maneuvering over the Admirait}'
building dragon flags were being
lowered and the new flags hoisted
over bundi eds of warships, gun
boats and other craft for miles in
front of the Admiralty building and
along Canton's water front. My
husband was present (alas! it wasn't
thought.safe for ladies to go, so I
did not witness this momentous
scene), and he says that the excite
ment of that moment was so intense
and thrilling that, though not a
sound was heard aB these flags were
being taken down and replaced, it
gave you the feeling of being in the
midst of a powder magazine into
which a lighted match might be
dropped at any moment. And why j
shouldn't it have been thrilling?
Did it not moan that one-fourth of
the human race, who had for long
centuries been kept down and held
in subjection to a foreign po we
were now free to oarve out their OTK
future, and to take their lightf
place among the nations of tl
The days immediately followir
that memorable 19th of Novembi
were one succession of exciting
almost gala-days. Thousands u
on thousands of cues vanished i
the space of two or three days. ]
a week's time not one could I
found in Canton, and by the tin:
j we left, the middle of May, we ha
grown so accustomed to seeing th
men with close-cut hair that tb
sight of one with a cue caused us t
call to each other to "Look, see!"
The most intense spirit of patrio
ism has developed. They are prou
of their country, with her teemin
millions and her marvelous natan
resources; proud of their new flag
proud of being capable of self-go^
ernment. The military spirit, tot
has grown apace. Where a fe^
years ago it was thought a disgrac
to be a soldiei-and I waa almoE
afraid to allude to the fact that ra
father had fought in the Civil Wa
-last November and Decembei
fired by the news that Pekin wa
! still holding out against the esta!
lishment of a republic, thousands o
our young Cantonese voluteered t
?goto the front, enduring the snow
! and ice of the frozen north for thei
country. Even the women, th
(Chinese women who for centur
ies had been bound by custom t
the posici?n of menials in the home
felt the new impulse, and large num
bera of them took special course
and then wont as Ked Cross nurses
some went out to help raise fund
by soliciting subscriptions for th
new and financially weak and strug
gling republic, while some eve)
donned soldiers' uniforms and wen
out to fight by the side of thei
j brothers and friends. Of this das
I knew none personally; but of th
first-two glasses there o were some o
our Baptist girls, nay, even som
of orr de?.r boarding school girl
whom you met while in Canton
and whom you desoribe in the lei
ter just received as being so at
At last Pekin fell, the rvceptioi
of the news in Canton being cele
brated by the thundering of man;
cannon and the firing of firecraok
ers and all sorts of fireworks. Th
first day of January the first Presi
dent, ?Sun Yat Sen, was proclaimed
and the calendar was changed t<
conform to the rest of the world
From that time on ii has generali;
been regarded that the issue is safe
and, however many ups and down
China may have, we believe tha
the great mass of her people are to?
thoroughly together on this sub
ject, and there are too many level
headed, up-to-date strong men guid
ing the affairs of state, for her eve:
to go backward from the stand sin
has taken. True, the financial out
look just now is not very enconrag
ing. That, and the selfishness anc
avariciousness of certain foreigr
powers are her gravest problems a'
this time. But by building mon
railroads, opening up more mines
planting more carefully-in othei
words, by developing and conserv
ing her own undoubtedly vast re
sources-why shouldn't China even
tuaily be able to take care of her
self in a financial way? Aa to self
government, we are amon<r those
who believe she is equal to it anc1
ready for it.
But the thing that concerns us,
as missionaries most is what bear
ing all this has on the spread of the
Gospel. It is a well known fact
that the officials of the Manchu dy
nasty did not simply take a nega
tive and passive attitude toward
Christianity, but did everything
they were allowed to do to prevent
the spread of Christian truth in thc
Empire. None who were known
to be Christians were allowed to
hold any, even minor, positions in
the government, and Christians
were further discriminated against
by the requirement that all pnpils
in government schools should wor
ship the tablets of Confucius-a
thing that it was known no con
scientious Christian would do-so
that this was virtually the means
of barring our young Christians
from the privileges of the govern
ment schools. In this and in many
other ways did bigoted heathenism
try to put its blighting hand on
Now all that is changed. At a
reception given in Canton to Chi
na's first President, Sun Yat Sen,
"Hie choice which the vq
this: Shall they have a gover
to serve ALL of them, or sha!
ernment which dispenses SP?
ways controlled/by those to w
^"THEY Are Good
by. the-. Christians, j nU. before, vr&
left, Dr. Sun made a speech in'
which he declared that one of the
articles in the new Constitution of
Chinais freedom to worship ac
cording to one's conscience, and, he
declared, so far as he was personal
ly concerned, he hoped Christianity
would cover the whole nation! In
our Canton Province, with its near
ly thirty million inhabitants, of the
ihree hundred and twenty highest
officials chosen to nil these offices in
the establishment of the republic,
seven-tenths were Christians! One
of our very best friends in China is
Lei Karn Lunn Muk Sz (Rev. Frank
Lee), who is pastor of one of the
Baptist churches in Canton, presi
dent of our Baptist BOYS' Acade
my, and Assistant Secretary of
Sute for thc Province of Canton!
The opportunities for the preach
ing of the Gospel are such as we
hav<; never seen before. The peo
ple seem hungering and thirsting to
hear. And as American missiona
ries our vantage ground is especial
ly great. The Chinese feel that
America has been their best friend
in the crisis through which they
li ave just passed, and are just pass
ing, and the fact that we are Amer
ican citizens carries us any
where and ensures us friends. George
Washington is their favorite hero
now, and anything we can tind
io tell about him or translate into
Chinese for our periodicals is sure
to catch the public, ear. An
article I found in a February
n u m h e r of the New York
Examiner proved intensely inter
esting reading to our Christians
when put into Chinese.
I could goon indefinitely telling
you of China's New Day, but my
lime is up and enough has been
said to assure you of the fact that
her new day has come, and come,
we hope, not only to slay, but to
grow brighter* and brighter. May
she make Jesus her King!
Oakland, California, July 10, '12.
A County Newspaper.
It is our desire and purpose to
make Thc Advertiser distinctly and
distinctively a county newspaper ??in
the fullest meaning of the word,
and to that end we invite and urge
the people of every section of the
county to send in news items of in
terest from their respective commu
nities. We would be glad for every
issue to contain real live news from
prautically every section of the
If there is no correspondent in
your community, send in an item or
two every week on a postal. If you
will inform the editor that it
tors have to make is simply
nmeni free to serve them, free
I they continue to have a gov
ClAL favors and which is al
tem tte SPECIAL favors are
Enough For Me,"
ments to Davenport)
ribs New York World, Sept 15,1912.
^ffifin.irpose to ..do tliis hereafter,
iHl^ill at once "be supplied "witF
the necesarry writing material and
postage. If you are not willing to
render this little service for the
good of your community, thus giv
ing it some prominence and adver
tising, do not complain because our
columns do not contdn notices of
'-irths, deaths, marriages, etc.,
from your community. It is true
that au editor is expected to know
everything, from supplying a reme
dy for an ingrowing-toe-nail of a
gray rr nie to the accunte predic
tion of the next eclipse of the sun
or naming the exact day on which
the first vessel will part tho waters
of the Panama canal, but it i? im
possible for us to know the hap
penings in your community five,
ten, fifteen or twenty miles away.
The Advertiser does not need
this news because there is a
dearth of matter with which lo
fill its col um us. Not a few people
have an erroneous idea that a paper
is glad to receive this or that mat
ter or communication in order to
have something with which to
"fill up." ?Such is not the case with
Tho Advertiser. Bless your life, we
arc filled up to the brim every
week. Not only filled up, but
scarcely a week passes that a column
or more of matter does not have to
be carried over after it has been put
in type because it is crowded out
We want tho news from your com
munity not simply to "fill np'' but
because it is live NEWS that is of
interest to the public. Other matter
will be side tracked in order to
make room for it.
Will voil not help us to make
The Advertiser a COUNTY-WIDE
Affectionate But Careful.
A negro woman in Savannah wa??
preparing to get married, says The
Saturday Evening Post. For four
week* before thc ceremony she sav
ed up her wages; and immediately
after the wedding she hunted up
her mistress and asked her to take
char?re of the fund.
"I'll take it, of course,'' said the
puzzled lady; "'but, Mandy, won't
?you be needing your money to
?spend on your honeymoon?"
"Miss May," said the bride,
"does you think Ise ?roin' to trust
myself wid a strange nigger and all
dat money on me?"
"I suppose you and your wife can
remember your first quarrel," said
the meddlesome person.
"Remember it?" returned Mr.
Growcher. "I should say so. It
inn'f '-vi- T^r."-V tfii.jfio'ton Star.
Col. Maus, of Medical Corps,
Would Make Soldiers
Baltimore, Oct. 3.-Interest in
the twenty-first annual convention of
the Association of Military Sur
geons centered ia the address of
Colonel L. M. Mans, of the United
States medical corps. He discussed
the question, "Should total absti
nence be required of officers in the
military service?" and not, only at
tempted to show where drinking al
coholic beverages was detrimental,
but took occasion to censor meth
ods of array recruiting.
The use of alcoholic stimulants,
he maintained, had no place in the
army or navy, either as a mediciue
or a regalement, and said its use
should be barred by legislative en
Enumerating what he said were
a few of the most important psych
ological and pathological effects of
the use of alcohol, Colonel Maus
averred that it "has been the cause
of countless unjust court-martial
sentences against officers and men,
or harsh official decisions and dis
criminations in assignments of hope
less aspirations and ruined careers "
Ile said it "causes sickness, im
pairs health and usefulness, adds
greatly to the non-efficiency of offi
cers and men and deprives the gov
ernment ef otherwise valuable offi
cers and enlisted men."
"Practically all of the crimes in
the array can be directly traced to
the use of alcohol," he added.
He charged that directly or indi
rectly the present method o? recruit
ment is responsible for a large clafcs
of undesirables in the array who, he
said, "are gathered from the slums
of our large cities, mainly through
the incompetency of undiscriminat
ing and drinking recruiting parties.
"Should the enlistment of this
class and the use of alcoholic drinks
^be interdicted, the. sick rate of the
army' w'??it?"b? 'redticed ?0 pereouT.
and its efficiency correspondingly
increased," he said.
Petit Jury, Second Week.
J. 0. Williams, Moss.
James Temples, Jr., Ward.
J. A. Hamilton, Ked Hill.
W. S. Logue, Meeting Street.
R. L, Prince, Col'ier.
J. L. Thompson, Ward.
J. M. M a vs, Wise.
S. W. Sullivan, "
R. M. Winn, Rehoboth.
J. M. Reese, Modoc.
A. L. Kemp, Piekens.
J. S. Mann, Iii bier.
L. C. Clark, Ward.
J. E. Johnson, Rod Hill.
E. M. Crouch, Trenton.
J. F. Talbert, Red Hill.
P. B. Whatley, Collier,
E. T. Christian, Modoc.
J. F. Stone, Rehoboth.
F. P. Salter, Piekens.
Darling Jackson, Ward.
J. N. Fair, Wise.
L. C. Warren, Piekens.
L. I). Swearingen, Wise.
J. P. Whatley, Moss.
J. R. Moss, Trenton.
M. E. Strom, Wise.
J. E. Horne, Ward.
J. S. Bush, Johnstou.
J. A. Gibson, 11
J. W. Seigler, Red Hill.
J. L. MoKie, Meriwether.
W. A. Winn, Rehoboth.
S. O. Morgan, Piekens.
(i. S. Cartledge, Hibler.
E. B. D.isher, Johnstou.
A Growing Order.
The local camp of the Woodmen
of the World had a delightful feast
in their hall at the close of the
regidar meeting last Thursday
night. Ice cream and cake of the
Delmonico quality were serwd in
abundance. This is a splendid Or
der and the local camp is steadily
growing. The very low insurance
rate which it. oilers its members en
ables some to carry life insurance
who would not be able to meet the
payments at a higher rate.
Why She Suspected.
A young wife was in tears, a few
mornings aso, when her mother
called. When asked what was the
matter she replied that her husband
was out late the night before, ane
had been to a drinking party.
"What makes you think he hac
been to a drinking party?" aske<"
the mother. "He came home," sob
bed the young wife, 'wearing a
phonograph horn for a hat."
First U. D. C. Meeting. Mrs.
Swineford Entertained. Nor
ris Millinery Store Opens
A mo9t delightful, as well as
profitable, meeting of the new cen
tury club was held on Tuesday af
ternoon, with Mrs. Ben Lee Allen.
A half hour cf business was con
ducted by the president Mrs. F.
M. Boyd, when the meeting was
turned over to the teacher of the
lesson, Miss Clara Sawyer. The
subject was, "Shakespeare, the
man," and the following program
was given: 1 Lite of William
Shakespeare," Miss Clara Sawyer;
"Facts .ind traditions of hi J life
and character," Mrs. P. N. Lott;
Mrs. J. A. Kirby; "The theater in
Shakespeare's time," Mrs. J. H.
White; "Tributes to Shakespeare
by men of genius," Mrs. W. Allen
Mobley. After books were laid aside
the hostess served a delicious salad
course followed by tutti-frutti
cream with pound cake. On each
plate were dainty little boutonni?re,
in green and white, the club colors.
The first meeting of the Mary
Ann Buie chapter, D. of C. was
held on Thursday afternoon with
Mrs. D. W. Lott, and there was
much business to transact, in as
much as this was the first meeting of
the fall months. The delegate to the
national convention, in Washington,
D. C., in November, will be Mrs.
W. L. Coleman. This will be the
second timi in the history of the
chapter thai it has not been rep
resented by proxy at a national
convention. Arrangements for the
flower sho-y were made and the
date was set for November 9th, but
subject to change. A very novel
mea tis of- entertainment for that
d?y'wiii bc arranged for by a ?pe
A very elaborate six course din
ner was given on Tuesday evening
at 8 o'clock, by Mrs. ll. W. Crouch,
complimentary to Mrs. Oscar
Swineford. This handsome colonial
mansion was au ideal place for such
a social function, and the interior
needed no decorations to add to its
beauty, but large bowls of crimson
and yellow dahlias were us<.d in
the library and parlors. The lestive
board was one ot shining mahoga
ny, with lace mats under the coven
laid, and dahlias also formed the
centerpiece. Seated here with the
hoste:;? wer*; Mesdames Swineford,
M. T. Turner, J. li. White, O. D.
Black, J.C. Wertz, J. L. Walker
and Miss Elise Crouch. Thc hostess
and her charming young daughter,
who are gifted as entertainers made
the hours after dinner pass most.
Miss Frances Strother has gone
to Dcthan, Ala., for a short stay.
During the past week, Mi's. Os
car Sw. ne ford was again the re
cipient of much social attention.
On Monday evening Mrs. J. H.
White honored her with a tea,
which was lovely in every detail.
Tne tea table was beautiful in
snowy linen, dainty china and cut
glass. The center piece of the table
was a fiat mirror, encircled with
ferns, and upon it a silver basket
of blossoms. Mrs. White has al
ways beeu noted for her hopitality
and she was sweet and gracious on
this occasion. Those invited to be
with her were Mesdames Oscar
Swineford, M. T. Turner, O. D.
Black, J. L. Walker, W. S. Mobley,
H. W. Crouch, diaries F. Pech
inas!) and Miss Angeli Andrews.
The opening at the Norris tnilli
nei. store on Thursday i.nd
Fi i.v was ac event that gave great
pleasure to feminine fancy. All of
the newest shapes for dress and
street wear were exhibited, -onie
of ihe predominating colors being
mustard, taupe and king's .lue.
The picture hats were entrai eiug
to the younger set, and during both
days a stream of feminine hum -uiry
passed in and out viewing the
Mrs. B. F. Land non, and little
Miss Weinona, are here for a '.sit
(Lt tho home of the former's mother,
Mrs. A. P. Lewis.
Little Virg' the danght . >f
Mr. Pope Perry, who was so b ly
burned a few weeks ago, is i m j ir
Miss Daisy Sawyer has goo to
Camden to visit her brother Mr.