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TWO BK ISSUES,
! SAYS COLLO'
(The Tariff and the Proper Treat
ment of Monopolies.
WONT TIE TO ROOSEVELT
"Actively Disagrees" With His Views
Anout Trusts and "Wastes of Com
petition" and Supports the Candi
dacy of Wilson and Marshall.
Collier's is out for Wilson and Mar
shall. It rebuses to support Theodore
Roosevelt, plus George W. Perkins,
Elbridge H. Gary and the rest of the
stec! trust-harvester trust magnates.
Its open opposition to the third term
ticket was indicated in the issue of
Sept. 14. In the issue of Sept. 21 its
reasons for espousing the Democratic
c."use aro,clear and forceful. v
The leading editorial, "The Wastes
of Competition." says:
"More and more the campaign ls
coming down to two press'ag issues,
the tariff and the proper treatment of
monopolies. Collier's actively dis
agrees with the view of monopoly be
ing urged by Messrs. Roosevelt, Per
kins and Gary.
"They talk a great deal about the
wastes of competition. The necessary
wastes of competition are relatively
insignificant, and the wastes of unfair
and destructive competition are wholly
unnecessary. They will .be largely
eliminated when competition is regu
"The La Po?lette-Lenroot and the
Stanley bills to perfect the Sherman
law and the Newlands-Cummins pro
posals for an interstate trade commis
sion are all directed in part to that
end. The remaining wastes of compe
tition may be likened'to the wastes of
democracy. These are obvious, but we
know also that democracy has com
pensations which render it more effi
cient thun absolutism. So it is in in
dustry. The margin between what
men naturally do and what they can
dc is ro great that the system which
urges men on to effort is tbe best sys
"The necessary wastes of monopoly,
on the other hand, are enormous. Some
of there can, of course, be eliminated
by regulation. An efficient interstate
trhco con mission, acting under appro
priate legislation, could put an end to
much of the oppression of which trusts
have been guilty. It could prevent un
just discrimination. It could prevent
ruthless and unfair use of power; but
e government commission would be
powerless to secure for the people the
low prices commonly attendant upon
"As no means exist for determining
whether greater net earnings are due
to greater efficacy in management or
to excessive profits, large net earnings
would be followed by compulsory re
duction of prices, which in turn would
create a sense of injustice suffered,
paralyze individual enterprise and pro
duce unprogressive, slipshod manage
ment. The attempt to secure low
prices through price fixing would
prove 03 impotent as the statutes
which have sought to protect the pub
lie in railroad rates by limiting the
"The interstate commerce commis
sion has been invoked as an argument
in favor of licensing monopoly. That
dommission has stopped many abuses;
it has practically put an end to cor
rupt and corrupting discrimination in
rates; it has protected the shipper
from oppression and arrogance and in
justice; it has prevented'unreasonable
advances in rates; but it has secured
comparatively few notable reductions
in rates, except those involved in
stopping discrimination between per
sons, places or articles. It has been
powerless to reduce operating costs,
and greater reductions tn rates can
come only with rc- tiens in the cost
of producing tran irtatiotl. The in
justice and corruption attending the
earlier railroad perlo i vere extremely
serious. But we muf i, not for- it that
the sweeping reductiont in American
operating costs end raies belong to the
earlier period of competition among
railroads, in the ten years from 1889
to 1899, while con.;, cition among the
railroads was active, tho freight rate
per ton per mile was gradually re
duced from .941 to .724. The years
11899-1900 marked the-great movement
ior combination or "community of in
terest" in the railroad world as well
as In the industrial world. The freight
rate per ton per mile began to rise. In
each cf the eleven succeeding years it
was higher than in 1899* and In 1910
lt was .753.
"The deadening effect of monopoly
ia illustrated by ita arrest of inven
tion. The shoe machinery trust, form
ed in 1899, resulted in combining, di
rectly and indirectly, more than 100
shoe machinery concerns. It acquired
substantially a monopoly of all the es
sential machinery used in bottoming
boots end shoes, as well as many oth
?r machines. It believed ltBelf unas
sailable, and shoe manufacturers had
come to regard their subjection to the
trust as unavoidable. Nevertheless, in ,
flWO the trust found its prestige sud
denly threatened and its huge profits
'Imperiled. It was confronted with o a
compet?, r so formidable that the
(trust, in flagrant violation of law, paid
($5.000,00 . to buy him out. Thomas G.
IPlant ha o' actually succeeded in devel
oping in about five years, ^while the
! trust was stolid from mo'nopoly, a
Here's Your Chance to
Send One Dollar
and Get Certificate Fer
The Contributors* National Wilson and Marshall league has been orgfanlze'd with W. G. McAdoo, vice chairman
of the national Democratic committee, as president, Charles R. Crane, vicW chairman of the finance committee of
the national Democratic committee, as treasurer and Stuart G. Gibbony as secretary for tho purpose ol aiding in
raising funds for the national campaign by popular subscription. t,
In furtherance of this purpose lithographed certificates have been prepared, suitable for framing, on which aro
engraved portraits of Governors Wilson and Marshall and their autograph^ and which certify that the holders
have contributed to the national Democratic campaign. The denominational of these certificates are fl, $2, $5, $10,
$25, $50 and $100.
The league supplies these certificates to clubs in large numbers, BO they may be issued wnen contributions are
made. It is believed the solicitation of funds will be greatly aided by this method.
The name and address of each contributor should be forwarded to the'Contributors' National Wilson and Mar
shall league, room 1,368, Fifth Avenue building, New York city, where a complete record of all contributors will be
A facsimile of the artistic certificates issued by this league follows:
i- /? * sf /> _ * _ S/i/> /VJ * svt si - j* /TV X7l _ s*s sj '
t* Wing A?
Mt** u. nu
substantially complete system of shoe
machinery which many good judges
declared to be superior to that of the
"George W. Perkins, apostle of the
economic and social efficiency of mo
nopoly, quoted to the senate commit
tee on interstate commerce the state
" 'The corporations that Mr. Edison's
business inventions had made possi
ble were today capitalized at $7,000,
"The Inventors' guild, an association
In which Mr. Edison is naturally prom
inent, said in a memorial addressed to
" 'It is a well known fact that mod
ern trade combinations tend strongly
toward constancy of processes and
products and by their very nature are
opposed to new processes and products
originated by independent inventors
and hence tend to restrain competition
in the development and sale of patents
and patent rights and consequently
tend to discourage independent inven
tive thought, to the great detriment of
the nation.' "
Philanthropist Calls Taft and
Roosevelt Protectors of Trusts*^
TIME RIPE *F0RA CHANGE
Says No One Can Safely Challenge the
Soundness of the Views or Leader
ship of Wilson and Marshall, Who
Have Been Before the People.
By JOHN CRIMMINS,
[Noted Philanthropist and Irish Amer
At the outset of an argument In rela
tion to the approaching election for
Get Your Stock Ready to Exhibit at the
Solid Car Furniture
We desire to notify the public that we've
added furniture to our stock, having just re
ceived a solid car of tables, bureaus, bed
ster is, washstands, safes, rockers and
Come to see our assortment of furniture,
shimed direct from factory to us.
Jones & Soi?.
president and vice president we must |
view what has caused the great upris
ing in the country in connection with
our economic affairs and the adminis
tration of our government in so far as
it relates to that subject.
There is no defence offered for the
extensive privileges created by the
tariff preferences through the Repub
lican party and the favbrs to the
privileged classes and corporations.
While wealth has accumulated under
ese preferences, a fair field and no
favor has been denied to tho masses.
We cannot expect remedies from
men high in office who in their entire
life work bjave been associates and
participants' with the favored class.
Mr. Roosevelt during his entire career
in politics and as the head of his
party has been the protector of many
trusts that the tariff has nourished
fostered nor have we found him
ie seven and one-half years of his
o. dal life as president strenuous in
removing tariff iniquities and inequali
ties. Mr. Taft in his acts and utter
ances is a party man, believing In a
protective tariff, and would, if elected,
defend what to many minds is the su
preme cause of unrest.
Free From Evil Associations.
In Mr. Wilson and his associate, the
candidate for vice president, we have
two men who have had no associations
with the privileged clasB, who have
never been in a position to grant or
accept favors or to participate in any
measure that could possibly relate to
their personal welfare or increase
their Incomes. In the respective pro
fessions that theBC two' gentlemen
have occupied they have been day
laborers, working at their desks as
many hours as the workman who is
industrious and faithful to his task.
The very ?fact that they have been
selected us candidates for the office of
president and vice president of thesn
United States ls an illustration.of one
of. the great boasts of the American
people that fhe man who is faithful to
his trust, honest in his work, fearless
and courageous in his opinions, will in
time be .noticed and receive a reward.
They have watched with concern every
side of our political life that enters
into the government **of our people,
voicing their approva^orrdisapproTaI
of situations as they arose.
Are Typlca'l Americans.
No one can safely challenge the
soundness of their views or their lead
ership where?tcohomic questions enter
into our governmental affairs. They
are typical Americans.
Governor Wilson and Governor Mar
shall have both been before the people
.when they received the approval of a
majority of the citizens of then? re
spective states for the high offlc* of
governor. If lt be the good fortune
of the country to have these two gen
tlemen occupy the presidency and vice
presidency of tt?ese United Statea we
have the assurance that in their deeds
and acts they will labor to remove rhe
unrest that has been created in the ad
ministration of our governmental af
fairs and that there will be equal laws
for all the people and not special laws
and special protection, and that the
highest Ideals of a government of ino
people, by the people and for the peo
ple will be brought into fullest re?.H?a
There ain't no weather trust as yet, to
make a feller pay
For all the gladness ho can get out of a
They've got tho trusts in everything-we
meet them everywhere
Some trusts takes toll on all wo eat, or
read, or drink or wear;
But, thank the Loni, they haven't
schemed to corner sunshine yet.
Nor have they fixed lt so's we'd have to
pay for getting wet
TS'hy. I enjoy a good hard rain, I like to
hear it swish
An' ripple down the window pant-I love
it like a fish!
I know ;t brines the blossoms out on val
ley, plain an' hil!
An' they ain't trust-made nor controlled,
an' I cnn see 'era still;
An' I don't care, when summer comes.
If It gets bro!!!:.' hot.
Because there ain't r. .> weather trust a
holdln' each warm spot.
Ther'-- ain't no weather trust-that's why
the sunshine '.' els so good;
Nobody owns thc big blue sky-an*
couldn't If they would;
An' every ?bloom looks fair to me-no
matter where lt blows;
Becai;s<" it's mine to sni''ll and sec, I don't
care where it grows.
Oh, tbls old wor d might just as well get.
ready for a bust
About tho time some feller tries to form
a weather trust.
Feared an "Analysis."
"Tell me," began the strange young
man with the high brow and the pack
age under his arm, as he entered the
offl.ee of the Eminent Statesman, "toil
me, sir, do you ever see floating
specks before yo".r eyes, ever get diz
zy, and an all-gone feeling in your in
sides, have shooting pains through the
chest, warm flashes across tho head, or
sudden loss of apref V
"Now, look here!' 'xclaimed the
Eminent Statesman. ": ow, leek here.
William Allen White, you get right out
of here, because I-"
"William Allen White?" exclaimed
the strange young man. "I'm not Wil
liam Allen White. I'm the examine
for the insurance company."
Short Cut to Publicity.
"Yes," says the young man, "I want
to jump right into public life. I have
some theories lo advance that will
interest the whole nation. What is the
quickest way for me to rise from this
comparative obscurity to a position
where my name will*be known from
one end of the country to the other?
Once known, I will be listened to."
"The qrickest way," says the emi
nent student of advertising, "is for you
to perfect yourself in baseball and join
a big club."
Missed the Usual "Boom!"
Mr. Goode ol' the vaudeville t<
of Geo?e and Rottenne, was walk,
down street, when he steeped upon a
banana pr^l and came to tho sidewalk
with ranch the same force that char
acterizes his famous tumble from tho
slapstick in the hand of his partner.
Slowly rising to his feet, with a pur
zled, disappointed look on his face, 1
"Huh! I suppose the bass-drummer
has gone to sleep again."
He Knew H?r.
"In your story of this wedding,'* crit
icized the City Editor, "you say 'the
bride led to the altar.' You should
have written that she 'was led to the
"Is that so?" retorted the New Re
porter, conscious of being on firm
ground. "It happens that I know that
bride. She is thirty-eight years old,
and it is a cinch that she led all the
The Retort Courteous.
'Tour nose is red," declared the
captious husband, "because you dress
"And your nose is red," responded
tho fond wife, "because you get too
"Why do you write so many jokes
about ex-pugilists?" we ask of the plod
"Because," he explains craftily,
"they can't come back."
School Books and Supplies.
We are slate agents for all books
that are need in the public schools,
and will a onstantly have a full as
sortment of these books on hand.
Wc alsu cany a full stock of pens,
pencils, tablets, copybooks, exami
nation tablets, etc.
Penn & Holstein.
Does Your Piano Need Tuning?
While I ara down on my annual
visit to Edgefield I shall bo pleased
to tune a number of pianos in this
section. Many people in Edge
field already know of the quality of
my work. Those who do not know
?ne I reier to Rev. P. P. Blalock,
who has known me from boyhood.
I guarantee my work and my prices
are reasonable. Orders can be
phoned or left at The Advertiser of
T. L. Martin.
No. 866 For Chills and Fever.
This is a prescription prepared es
pecially for Chills and Fever. Five or
six doses will break any case of Chills
and Fever, and if taken then as a ton
ic the Fever will not return. It acts
oti the liver better than Calomel and
does r.ot gripe or sicken. 25c.
We have jus*, unloaded
One solid cur of chairs,
One solid car of furniture,
One solid car of Hackney warona,
One solid car of Hackney bug
gies, and are now ready to supply
you with everything in these lirei.
Ramsey & Jone*.
My farm one mile below Red
Hill, adjoining lands of 0. J.
Holmes, Mrs. T. E. Miller and oth
ers; five-room dwelling and three
tenant houses. Apply to
Mrs. A. Ii. Prince.
Sept. 16. ('?dd Spring, S. C.
Ladies* writing desks in manoira
ny, birdseye maple, weathered oak
in mission effect. Open and roller
top office desks and olhce chairs.
Ramsey & Jones.
We have now in stock a line of
cut ?lass and qhinaware suitable for
wedding presents. We invite your
W. E. Lynch & Co.
We are ready for the early fall
shoppers. While we have other
new goods to arrive, every depart
ment has been replenished with the
newest and best of every thiner.
J. W. Peak.
Messrs. Rives Bros. as usual have
been having a big coat suit sale for
ladies the first of September and
this year they had such a success
with the large line that their for
mer big assorted sales brought the
trade1 this year without the aid of
printer's ink and they have now a
second lot that will be in and will
let you hear from them.-Adv
Wc always carry a large assort
ment of perfumery, toilet water and
sachet powder. We have Hudnut's,
Rotor and Gallets and other cele
Jt's not the clothes
SS that makes the man,
Hit's the man that
53 makes the clothes to
SS lit, at prices to suit the
jjf When it comes to that we
S3 are it.
ggj When it comes to price,
gqj '\t and workmanship we are
BS them also. We are on the
5g corner of satisfaction and jus
g;tice streets, opposite depot,
fi" Watch for display at the
Oo P. Bright