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ORIGIN OF INDIAN RUNNERS
Came From West Indies and Are
Thought by Many People to Be
Most Profitable of Duck Family.
(By ANNA GALL IG HER, Ohio.)
It ls only comparattvaly a few years
since the Indian Runner ducks made
their appearance In America, They
came originally from the West In
?dies, where they ha?ve been .raised for
years, chiefly as egg-producers. They
derive their name from their native
land and racy, upright carriage.
In color they are fawn and white,
with yellow shanks and light-greeD]
bill; the latter being sometimes1
?plashed with/ black.
The body ls long and narrow and |
ls carried in an almost upright po si- !
tlon. Neck Is long and thin, with flee- j
ly formed head.
The Indian Runner is rather small
fully matured ducks weighing from
four to five pounds. Drakes irom five
to six pounds, live weight.
But they grow very rapidly while
young and are easy to raise. What
they lack in weight Is more than made
np for in their other good qualities.
To begin with, they are very prolific
layers; beginning when about six
months old. Their eggs are pure
white and a little larger than those
of a Plymouth Rock hen.
They are superior in quality to any
Indian Runner Drake and Duck.
duck's eggs that we have ever eaten,
and as a rule, they bring hlghei
prices in the market.
The ducklings reach a marketable
Blze when about twelve weeks old
"When forced, they will weigh four tc
five pounds at two months.
The meat of the Runner is of su
perior quality; fine In the grain, juicy,
and excellent flavor. Hotels and res
taara nts pay fancy prices for duck
y The e?^^^ J^^ngfl.^^wfta^ aiaa...
Hf winter~when eggs are high tho In
dian Runner is "on the job." Anj
enterprising person can work up a
trade among hotels and restaurants
that should prove highly profitable.
There is no great danger of strong
competition, as comparatively few
poultry raisers have taken up this
branch of the industry, notwithstand
lng the fact that nearly all kinds ol
poultry products are bringing un
heard-of prices in the open market.
In summer the Indian Runnerwttei
.given free range will find the greatei
part of his living in the fields. But ol
course when being fattened for mar
ket, they need some grain, lt wonlo
be well to say right here that for besl
results the grain should be eithei
ground or cooked.
PROVIDING GRIT IN WINTER
Hens Should Be Allowed to Take as
Much as They Require-Don't
Feed lt In Their Mash.
(By TT. F. PARRISH.)
When winter comes and the ground
freezes, or is covered with snow a good
deal of the time, grit must be sup
plied. Gravel or grit should be sharp,
so as to both cut and grind. Smooth
pieces of gravel will not answer the
purpose. Gravel dug from a pit will
make one of tie best grits.
When pounded into small pieces,
fbroken crockery will make excellent
jxit, also. A little sand mixed with
the other grit is helpful, but it will not
answer for exclusive use, not being
?harp nor coarse enough.
If you prefer, you can buy prepared
.grit from the dealers in poultry sup
plies. A good many people do this
and a good many other people buy
oyster shells with the belief that they
are obtaining- g-**. The hens need
some of the oyster shells, as they sup
ply the system with lime and car
bonates, but they will not take the
place of grit. They are too soft, and
digest rather than grind.
Keep well filled grit boxes where
the hens can run to them at will dur
ing the winter months and you will
find that they consume quite a lot of
the material in a month's time. Pro
Tiding the grit in boxes and allowing
the hens to help themselves is the best
.way of feeding it. They will then use
as much as is necessary for their
ihealtb, as they are the best judges of
this matter and consequently will not
consume more than they require.
If we always knew how much would
"be needed for the health of the birds,
lt would be all right to mix the grit
with the feed! But since we do not
Iknow this, we would best not force
grit upon them as we would be doing
Jf we mixed it with the feed.
rhu i i r-L?wtfta IM uAnwuA
Qr?nt Beauty and Fragranoe of Sweet
Pta? Mako Thom Moat Popular
Mutt Have Support,
Sweet pea vines must have good
support. Brush branches suit them
botter than anything else, but these
are not always eaey to get A good
substitute for brush ia very coarse
meshed wire netting.
As soon as the plants begin to
bloom begin to cut from them. The
more blossoms you cut off the more
you will have. If care ls taken to
remove the blossoms as soon as they
begin to fado, the plants will continue
to bloom until frost comes; but If
seed ls allowed to ripen, you will have
but few flowers during the latter part
of the season.
In cutting sweet peas give the flow
ers as long stems as possible. Never
crowd them in vase or bowl. Just
bunch them loosely In the hand, and
then drop them into whatever ls to
hold them, give it a shape, and lo,
your flowers will have arranged them
selves to perfection.
No garden should be without some
sweet pea vines. The great beauty
and fragrance of the blossoms make
them one of the most popular of flow
POSTS KEPT FROM SPREADING
Cumbersome Braces Done Away With
? by Connecting Rod Placed Be
neath Surface of Earth.
Gate posts may be kept parallel ver
tically, without cumbersome braces,
by connecting them beneath the sur
face of the earth with a- long rod.
When setting the posts, small rocks
Bolt Under Ground Between Posts.
or bricks should be packed tightly on
the inside of the lower ends, says a
writer in the Popular Mechanics. This
construction will make a substantial
brace, which will be out of sight and
will effectively prevent the posts from
FIGHT LITTLE MELON APHIS
Best Way to Fight Pest Is to Burn
Infested Vines Where They Are
-Same for Cucumbers.
y Melon'growers around Roc)ty Ford,
Colo.,. where canteloupes are grown:
fight m*?Ion aphis is to burn the in
fested vines just where they are. At
least every other day they get over
their patch of vines and look for the
very dark green color and swollen,
watery appearance of the leaves of
the plants. A little later -the leaves
and vines take on a black, powdery
cast that no one can mistake. The
leaves curl under, but do not begin
to wilt sometimes for days.
By keeping careful watch and de
stroying the plants as they show the
presence of aphis, one can usually
control the pest. Scatter straw over
the infested hill and burn at once.
To attempt to carry the vines to the
edge of the field will simply spread
After burning a hill keep careful
watch over adjoining hills, to see that
the insects have not spread. Of
course, the same treatment is recom
mended for cucumbers.
Give the earth good seed to work
A silo built of concrete will pre
serve silage well.
Truck fanning in this country is
not yet being overdone.
Rye maj' be cut for hay and used
for all elasses of livestock.
Most experienced melon pickers can
teil a ripe melon from the looks.
The tool which usually follows tho
plow in the course of tillage is the
A ter-cent bolt now may save a dol
lar's worth of time when the rush of
With the exception of the plow, the
harrow is perhaps the oldest or tillage
There is no reason why potatoes
should net be cultivated with a riding
Frequent stirring of the soil is said
to be a good preventive of rust form
ing on the cultivator.
A liberal application of ashes to the
soil where cabbage plants are grown
is a preventive of clump root.
If the soil leaves the plowshare
shiny and wet, walt a day or two.
Wet plowing makes cloddy ground.
In seasons when drought prevails a
better stand of clover can be secured
by sowing the seed without a nurse
When moss creeps into the meadows
and pastures they need to be broken
up and the soil exposed to the sun and
air before reseeding.
Team3, wagons or stock passing
over the meadows when they are soft
and spongy cut the life out of the sod
and lower the profits.
Just received a big line of Men's
Cravanet Over-coats, prices from
15.00 to $20.00.
Very large stock of art squares, rugs,
matting, etc. We have never shown
a prettier assortment of these goods.
Ramsey & Jones.
When you need a piece of out
glass come to us. Our designs are
new and original and our prices are
Ramsey & Jones.
We have most anything you can
mention in ladies and misses and
children hats. We are receiving new
goods two and three times every
week. Give us a trial before you
buy your hat. .1^
Men's and boy's clothing-our
line this season is better than ever.
We have the largest line in this
section. Come and see for your
Our furniture department is well
supplied with all grades. We can
suit you in anything from the cheap
set to the finest oak or mahogany
b d room suit. Come in to see our
Ramsey & Jones.
100 ladies trimmed Hats in our
millinery department. These hats
are copies of S3.00 and $4.00"nwth
els made of fine quality felt velvets
trimmed with fancy wings, ribbons
and hows in all the newest shades,
also black and white at $1.98.
Discard the old cook stove that
smokes and wastes wood. Letlis
sell you an Excelsior, Star Leader
or Derby. We buy in large quanti
ties and can make very close prices.
Ramsey & Jones.
Only a Fire Hero
but the crowd cheered, as with
burned hands, he held up a small
round box. "Fellows!" he shouted,
"this Bucklen's Arnica Salve ? hold,
has everything best for burns."
Right! also for boils, ulcers, sores,
pimples, eczema, cuts, sprains,
bruises. Surest pile cure. It subdues
inflammation, kills pain. Only 25c
at Penn & Holstein's W E Lynch
School. Books and Supplies.
We are state agents
that are used in the public se;
and will e onstantly have a fniWJs^
[^asuat?o??^^,W?e--TH>i!kii 'jri hand.
We also carry a full stock of pens,
pencils, tablets, copybooks, exami
nation tablets, etc.
Penn & Holstein.
Notice of Eeaistration.
Notice is hereby given that on
the 4th day of November A. D..
1912 the Books of Registration of
The Town of Edgefield, S. C., will
open at my office in The Farmers'
Bank of Edgefield, S. C., and re
main open for a period of Ten (lu)
days to register the qualified elec
tors of said Town for a special Elec
tion to be held therein submitting
the question of bonding said Town
in an amount not lo exceed Five
Thousand Dollars, the proceeds of
said bonds to he applied solely and
exclusively for the building, erect
ing, establishing ami maintenance
ol au electric light plant for said
Wm. A. Hy rd,
Supervisor of Registration of the
Town of Edgefield, S. C.
October 20th, 1912.
Notice of Dissolution of
For mutually satisfactory busi
ness reasons, the copartnership for ?
the practice of law heretofore ex- j
?sting between J. Win. Thurmond j
and B. F?. Nicholson has been dis
solved, arid each mein her of the
firm will continue the practice of
law at Ed ireh eld. We desire to
thank our clients for the getl6TOI19 I
patronage, which has been given to '
us, and to state to them that tho
cordial relations which have existed !
between us during our association
will not be interrupted by severing
our business ties.
J. Wm. Thurmond,
B. E. Nicholson. i
Nov. 9, 1912.
All persons indebted to the late
George W. Johnson will please
make payment at once to the un
dersigned, and all persons holding i
claims against his estate will pre
sent them at once to the undersign
ed for payment.
R. M. Johnson,
State of South Carolina-County
of Edgefield-Court of Common
Mrs. S. B. Burton-Plaintiff
Against-S. Z. Seigler and the Far
Pursuant to the deeree in this
cause I will offer for sale at public
out-cry to the highest bidder, be
fore the Court House, Town of
Edgefield and State of South Caro
lina on sales day in December 1912,
the same being the 2nd day of said
month, between the legal hours of
sale the following described realty
All that tract of land situate in
Mos* Township, in the County of
Edgefield and State aforesaid, con
taining One Hundred acres, more or
less, and bounded on the North by
landa of Nick Griffis; on the East
by lands of Nick or T. J. Griffis,
on the West by lands of T. P. Mor
gan and Martintown road, and on
the South by R. A. Turner aud
Terms of Sale. One half of the
purchase money cash; balance on a
credit of one year, with interest
from date of sale or all cash at pur
chasers option, if any there be, to
be secured by the bond of the pur
chaser and a mortgage or the prem
ises, said bond and mortgage pro
viding for the payment of ten per
cent attorneys fet if it should be
aecessary to collect same by law.
If the purchaser fails to comply
with the terms of the sale, the Mas
ter will within one hour, resell
??me on the same day at the risk of
the former purchaser, unless sat
isfactory arrangement can be made
with the Master.
Purchaser to pay for papers.
S. M. Smith,
Master E. C. S. C.
Nov. 7, 1912.
Round Trip Excursion Rates
Via Southern Railway Pre
mier Carrier of the South
to Edgefield S. C.
Washington, D. C. and return
?17.30. Account United Daugh- j
ters of the Confederacy, Nov.
12-16, 1912. Tickets sold Nov.
8-14, 1912, inclusive with final
limit returning Dec. 1, 1912.
Atlanta, Ga., and return ?6.35. Ac
count National Commercial As
sociation. Tickets sold Nov. 30
. to Dec. 1, 1912 inclusive with fi
fe nal limit returning Dec. 10, 1912.
Hew Orleans, La. andreturn $211.35
i Account Farmers' National Con
I gress of the United States. Tick
* eta sold Nov. 5, 6 and 7, 1912,
with final limit returning Nov.
14, 1912. Extension until Dec.
15 on application and payment
fee of one dollar.
Jacksonville, Kia., and return
?13.15. Account Southern Med
ical Association Nov. 1-2-14, ?
?13.15,1912. Tickets sold Nov. ?
9, 1U and ll, 1912, with final '
iimitreturning Nov. 18, 1912.
Extension until Dec. 15, on ap
plication and fee of one dollar
before Dec. 15.
Atlanta, Ga. and Return $8.35.
Account Southern Appalachian
Good Roads Association Nov.
20-21, 1012. Tickets sold Nov.
18 and 19 1912 with final limit
returuiug Nov. 23, 1912.
Louisville, Ky. and return $4.45.
Account Southern Educational
Association, Nov. 28-30, 1912.
Tickets sold Nov. -JII-27, 1012
with final limit returning Dec. 3,
19 12. '
Augusta, Ga. and return Si.55. Ac
count Second Annual Corn Fes
tival, December 27, 1912. Tick
ets sold December 2 to 6, 1912
Southern Railway dining carser
vice and Pullman sleeping car ser
vir? on til rough trains. Conve
nient local Service. For detailed
information, sleeping car reserva
tions etc., call on ticket agents, or,
A. ll. Acker, 'ITA., Augusta, lia.,
W. E. McGee, APA., Columbia,
5. C.. IL F. Cary, A PA. Washing
ton, D. C., S. II. Hardwick,
PTA., Washington, D. C.
Messrs. Rives Bros. as usnal have j
been having a big coat suit sale for |
ladies thu tirai of September and
this year they bad such a success j
with the large line that their for
mer big assorted sales brought the
trade this year without the aid of
printer's ink and they have now a
second lot that will be in and will
let you hear from them.-Adv
Just received a shipment of cut
glass recently purchased in New
York. Ad new patterns and de
signs, at remarkably low prices.
Penn & Holstein.
A large assortment of sterling
silver just received for November
Penn & Holstein.
If you do not get value re<
you get inferior fjoods for \\
we charge )'Ou for the good
yourself. Our 20 years e
business and our ''square d<
thing to the prospective buy
? "We can deliver the goods.
v man and beast.
ARKS Rd GTON E
Office and salesroom 863 Bro
P.S. Mr. M. Gary Satcher is with u
COCLIN & $
All kinds of fruits,
drinks, cigars, tobacci
Next to F
Edgefield, S. C.
I SL?SKY'S C
The o?d Time Qu&Hty,
Made of the Best Material.
Stands the Test of Time.
1009 BROAD STREET DAVID
TINPLATE, GALVANIZED ROOTING. RUDBTR I
lake the Old Suit
I Wc are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of ?ill kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skins and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
:eived for your money. If
,'hich you pay as much as
kind, you can blame only
xperience in the grocery
;al" policy i? worth some
er and all we ask is a trial.
" Groceries and feed for
. -i._v . a .
3ROS. & CO.
ad Warehouse Ga. Railroad
s and will be glad to see his friends
.THE TIN OF QUALITY"
SLUSKY, AUGUSTA. GA.
GOOFING. TIN AND GALVANIZED SHINGLIS
. CRATES. ETC.
Porto Rico's New Wonder.
From far away Porto Rico cornel
reports of a wonderful new discov
ery that is believed will vastly bern
fit the people. Ramon T Marchan,!
of Barceloiieta, writes5 Dr. King'sj
New Discoveiy is doing splendid;
work here. It cured me about five
limes of terrible coughs arid colds,
also my brother of a severe cold in
his chest and more than 20 others,
who u-ed it on my advice. We li o j e
this treat medicine will yet be sold
in every drug store in Porto Rico.'*
For throat and lung troubles it ha?
no equal. A trial will convince you
of its merit. 50c and ?1.00. Trial
bottle free. Guaranteed by Penn tfc
Holstein, W E Lynch & Co.