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DAMAGE FROM INSECT
Ear-Worm Is Becoming Serious
Pest in the Corn Belt.
Slender, Nearly Hairless Caterpillar,
About inch and Half Long, and ls
Known in Southern Slates as
The cern ear-vo-m is coming to be
a serious pest in the corn belt a;:u
seems to do an Increasing amount o*
damage each year. Late fa? plowing
o? infested cern fields is the only
remedy that has been sug;e?ted so
far. The following description of th?
Insect and its work is given by tho
Illinois States Farmers' institute: This
destructive insect is a slender, neariy
hairless caterpillar about aa inch tn
aa inch and a half long, varying Iii
color from light green to brown, with
amber yellow head and dark legs. It
ls known, in the south as the cotton
As an ' ear-worm, early In spring it
feeds on corn leaves, and latsr lt en
ters the tips of ears and feeds on the
eora beneath the husk, from the time
the ear is formed until, after lt ls ripe.
It also eats the husk, th? leaf, the tas
sel, and the tender stalk, although
probably prefers the corn to eny other
food. It gnaws away the silk and
eats irregular channels along the soft
kernels, often making its way dows
below the middle of the ear. It does
Bot confine itself to a single ear, but
often leaves its work of destruction
to be continued by other Insects and
hy fungi, which are likely to follow up
Its injuries. There are often two or
three caterpillars in the same ear, but.
they are commonly of different ages,
aa there are at least three generations
pt this insect annually, In the north. In
The Adult Insect.
tte south thera are from four to six.
Propagation ranges frcm 200 to 500
in number for each . .emule. They
Teach their growth in from two to four
The mastery of this pest in the corn
field is still an unsolved problem, but
st ls believed that late fall plowing of
cora fields which have been infested
Tilth this insect will destroy lt in the
yapa stage by breaking up its under
ground shelter and exposing it te win
Another means that will be effective
ta diminishing the number of moths
said caterpillars is for. the farmer to
protect the birds by every means it.
3d* power. He should look upon the
Amateur hunter as his worst enemy
Friendly Little Blue Jay.
sad protect the birds SF be does his
.domestic animals. Bird protection
Sias usually been urged for sentimental
reasons-we urge lt for economic rea
sons, from the dollar basis, also.
HETHODS OF CURING COWPEA
.Crop ls Ready to Be Placed in Mow
When Juice Cannot Bc Squeezed
Out of the Stems.
When some of the pods are yellow
eat the peas after the dew has dried
.efl and let them lie until the after
soon of the next day unless the weath
?r Is very hot, when it will be better
to rake Into windrows the afternoon
<*f the first day. On the second day
.put in small shocks and let stand un
til cured. They are ready to place in
the mow when Juice cannot be
squeezed out of the stems.
When the peas are to be threshed
they should be allowed to stand as
long as possible. That is, they should
mot be cut until there is danger of
their popping out. Then it will be bet
ter to cure on frames, or at least to
place sticks under the cocks to pr?
rt Is doubtful If more energy ls wast
ed on green forage than on dry food
In the process of mastication and di
gestion. All experience shows that
cows digest and assimilate green food
more easily and completely and that
the milk yield ls more satisfactory
.whore succulent food forms a large
3>art of the ration.
POISONING BY COTTON SEED
One of Beet of Fattening Agant? for
Live Stoik, but Injuria?? If
Fed Too Long.
Tt is a -well established fact thnt
cotton seed, tn the form of meal or
cake, is one of the bist of fattening
-.gents far live stock.y It is also woiS
established that it will poison steel!
and cause blindness If fed long
enough nnd in large quantities.
With the idea of finding the toxic
principle if possible and the length
cvf time within which cotton seed
may bs fed with safety tbe Arkansas
stavio" has conducted a serie?; of ex
periments from which the following
conclusions are drawn:
AViih two lots of steers which were
fed a daily ration of 4.3 pounds and
??.? pounds, or 0.9 pounds per ll'C
weight of live animal, the length of
time which elapsed before symptoms
cf roiso' ing appeared was 70 days,
where the larger amount was fed.
..nd HG days with the smaller
:.mount. This means that In case of
i ?.he larger ration the animals ate 75
! 'er cent, of their OWH weight before
; poisoning appeared, and with the
J -nrlier ration they ate 108 per cent.
From these experiments it would
! appear that the usual cuBtom of feed
ing cotton seed meal to cattle during
the whole period of fattening full
fed steers is wrong and likely to re
sult In damage, but If used during
the latter part of the feeding period
or on short fed steers the danger ls
either eliminated or greatly lessened.
Ordinarily, cotton seed' meal can
be ueed in the fattening ration with
perfect safety, provided that care is
used to see that the animals da not
get during the feding period aa
amount of th? meal approximating
75 per cent, of their lire weight
.. Ia the experiments referred te the
poisonous principle was net fouB.d,
though lt ls suspected to lie la th? de?
composition and putrefactive changea
whioh take placo in the digestiv?
system of the c ni rani.
HANDY AS WAGON BODY LIFT
Method Shown In Accompanying Illus
tration Will Be Found Entirely
(By J. W. GRIFFIN.)
We all know how troublesome and
Inconvenient lt ls to change the wagon
bodies, especially when there is only
one to do lt The method illustrated
in the pen sketoh ls simple but very
satisfactory. The piece used as a
lever lt * 12 feet long. It. may be a
2 by 6 Inch piece of strong timber, or
even a nice straight pole will answer.
The posts are eight and twelve feet
above the ground, and should be set
deep enough to prevent pulling up or
creeping, and should be of sufficient
size to prevent bendkog.or breaking.
The -level*-is* bolte<Kto the long post
ten feet from the ground with feur
feet projecting over the wagon. To
the end of the lever Is fastened the
rope swings, four of them, with loops
Wagon Body Life.
on the lower end to hook over the
bottom cross frame of the wagon body.
The short post ls seven feet from
the long one and has a row or pins
set in the side of it to hold the end
of the lever after the body has been
The different pins correspond to the
different helglits of the wagons. The
plan ls suggestive of many changes.
QUALITY THAT MAKES PROFIT
Good Management of Various Farm
Animals and Fowls Will Ultimate
ly Make Money for Owner.
A few sheep, a small herd of cows,
one or two brood sows, chickens and
turkeys, or chickens and ducks, well
fed and cared for, will bring profit
It ls not a large herd of cows or
many sheep so much as the ouality
and the care given a smali /herd or
flock that make a profit The dairy
man who raises a few calves each
year from his best milkers, having the
heifers come in at two years, giving
special care to develop the milk
veins and milk production, will In a
fe v.- vears have a profitable herd. The
dairyman that buys his cows from
the cow deniers has to pay a high
price and seldom hos cows that will
I milk more than BIX months before
1 they become dry and have then to be
sold for about one-half of former price.
Aim to grow all the rough feed and
most of the grain.
Making a Compost Heap.
A good way to treat the trash that
necessarily accumulates around the
farms is to make the compost pile of
; lt Select a high, well-drained place
! and pile old leaves, trash, etc., on it.
A good form is a layer of earth, a lay
er of trash, a layer of ashes and then
another layer of trash. It is advisa
ble to put some lime on the pile also.
Needs of the Cherry Trees.
The cherry iree, unlike most other
fruit trees, does not bear pruning well
and dops not n-^cd much. The trees
should be started with an open top.
:u:d in y subsequent pruning will con
sist of cutting out diseased, dead or
PROFITS OF PECAN GROWTO?
Some of Failures Due to Lack of
Knowledge* and Land Totally Un
suited to Growth of Tree.
The reason for the recent interest
In pecaa growing ls that there ls a
widespread impression that the thou
sands of dollars sent out of this coun
try every year for the 'purchase of
nuts might as well be kept at home.
This interest is stimulated by Ptories
as to the profits of pecan growing,
some of which are badly overdrawn.
It must be said that the most of
those who try to raise pecans do not
succeed. This is not to be wondered
at. as it is true of most new agricul
tural enterprises. Some of these fail
ures are due to a lack of knowledge;
some to a lack of persistent Interest;
but the most are owing to the effort
being made on land and under condi
tions totally unsuited to the growth
of this tree.
The pecan tree is a first cousin to
the hickory. It is found mn ny hun
dreds of miles farther south than the
hickory and in turn does not grow
nearly so far no-ih. In Texas and the
other Gulf states we find the peca? at
its best. This refers both to the size
of trees and nuts. As might ha^e been
expected. It was In this favored sec
tion that th? growing of pecana for
the market first started. These south
ern growers have made so much
money that it has excited the inte*
est of us who are farther north te
see If Oklahoma cannot do equally
The first named sorts were of
southern origin. Some of these hare
been tried in Oklahoma and so far as
the writer knows, all have been found
to be tender ?t least In the northern
and central part of the stat?. Others
may prove to be hardy but this ap
pears doubtful. In Oklahoma ss la
all other states which Ile along the
northern part of th? pecan habitat,
the successes of the past har? been
and probably thone of th? future will
be made wlfh nativ? trees. Thea? w?
are always sure are hardy aad If they
are not equal to the best southern
sorts In size and thinness of the shell
of the nuts. th?y ar? sufficiently good
so that th? market will take them at
prices which pay the growers a 7ery
SIMPLE SLIDING DOOR LOCK
Fastener for Door er Gtte Is Easy to
Put Together and Will Give
A very simple sliding door or gate
lock that has been u*?*d with satisfac
tion is shown in the Illustration. This
lock has a feature that ls not found In
most locks of this character-that of
keeping the door tightly against the
Jamb besides locking lt The^^ng^
tifation ahowa thc bolt in a loclcepP^
s?t?on ready to receive a padlock,
writes W. H. Walker in the Popular
To operata th? lock, lift the hasp
from the ctaple, bringing the bent end
The Bent End on th? Bolt Holds tho
Door Tightly Against the Jamb When
In ? Locked Position.
of ' th? bolt la line with the slotted
hole in the door. This will allow the
bolt to be drawn through and left In
an unlocked position, as Bhown by the
Alfalfa for Hill Farms.
Th? area of alfalfa continues to ex
pand but not fast enough In the terri
tory that most needs the crop. The
owner of level land that can be farm
ed right along In a rotation including
clover can do very well without al
falfa. In fact such a farmer may do
better to put In his best licks on the
clover crop than in trying to grow al
falfa. V. here alfalfa ls needed most
ls on the hill farms *vhich should
not be under the plow any more than
ls absolutely necessary. Those who
own hilly land should study alfalfa
and keep on trying until they get lt
or dem?nstrate that its production Is
impossible. With alfalfa meadows and
bluegrass pastures the forage problem
on the hills is simplified if not solved.
Sheep do not drink much water.
Don't forget about that seed com.
Hens cannot lay and grow feathers
at the same time.
No domestic animals increase or de
crease as rapidly as pigs.
There are many reasons why farm
trs should keep more sheep.
The ewe? that are suckling lambs
should bo fed very liberally.
The hog is an animal that demands
comfort in order to thrive well.
In order to have good-sized sheep
grow them rapidly while young.
Sometimes size in sheep is secured
at the expense of activity and vitality.
Shorts and bran make an excellent
ration for sows that are suckling pigs.
Tho air in the hen house ls often
contaminated by gases arising from
filth and the accumulated droppings.
In selecting the dairy stock that you
will put upon your farm first choose
the breed aud then the type.
State of Sonth Carolina-Oonnty
of Ed<refield-Court of Common
Mrs. S. B Burton-Plaintiff
Against-S. Z. Seigler and the Far
mers Bank-Deten Ian's.
Pursuant to the decree in this
cayuse I will offer for sale at public
out-cr.v to the highest Kidder, he
fore ihe Court House, Town of
Ridgefield and Stale nf South Caro
lina on sales day in December 1012,
th" same being the 2nd day of said
month, Itel ween the legal honrsof
sale the following de&cribed realty
All that tiaet of land situate in
MUSH Township, in the County of
Edgetield and State aforesaid, con
tai tiing One Hundred aeres, more or
less, and bounded on the North by
lands of Nick Griffie; on the Ka-t
by lands of Nick or T. J. Gritii>,
0. 1 the West, by lands of T. P. Mor
1.-aiT and M art in town road, and on
the South hy li. A. Turner and
Terms of Sale. One half of ihe
purchase money cash; balance ort a
credit of one year, with interest
from date of sale or all cash at pur
chasers option, if any there be, to
be secured by the bond of the pur
chaser and a morteraire or the prein
ises, said bond aid mort&age pro
viding fdr the payment of len per
cent attorneys fe? if it should be
necessary to collect sam? by law.
If the purchaser fails to comply
with the terms of the sale, the Mas
ter will within one hour, res? ll
Mine on the same day at the risk ol
the former purchaser, un I CFS sat
isfactory arrangement can be made
with the Master.
Purchaser to pay for papers.
S. M. Smith,
Master E. C. S. C.
Nov. 7, 1012.
7ebster't NEW INTERNATIONAL Dictionary,
(G. & C. Merriam Co., Springfield, Slats.)
surpasses thc old International a* mach at that
Look exceeded itt predecessor. On the old
foundation a new superstructure has been built.
The reconstruction has been carried on through
mazy years by a large force of trained workers,
under thc supervision of Dr. W. T. Harris,
former United Stales Commissioner of Educa
tion, and reenforced by many eminent special
es. The def mitions have beea rearranged mid
-rf/?tied. The number of terms defined has J
^en more than douhlcd. The etjmo?or^ I
. nonyn?, pronunciation, ha?e received cn-1
parin? scholarly labor. The language cf
-njiisL literature for over s?ven centuries, tho
terminology of the arts and sciences, and the
cvary-day speech of street, shop, and house
hold, ure pr rr. T.* cd wiili f)J!ncr.s acd clearne:r..
Ia size of vocabulary, in richness of gencrtl j j
information, and ip convenience of consulta
tion, tLvi bock sets a nw roane in lexicography.
400, C30 words and phrases.
Vira? to (Sc pabliiben far Specmc* Pages.
Make the Old Suit
We are bet ier prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pant.- or suit new by let
ing ns clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so ch-aiied and pressed. Sat
Edge field Pressing
WALLACE HARRIS PROP.
School Books and Supplies.
We ate slate agents for all book*
that are used in the public schools,
and will eoiistantly have a full as
sortment of these hoi k" in hand
We also cany a full Mock of pens,
pencils, tablets, copybooks, exami
nation tablets, etc.
Penn A Holstein.
Just received a shipment of cut
trl'ss recently purchased in New
York. Ail new patterns and de
signs, at remarkably h w prices.
Penn cfc Holstein.
A large assortment of sterling
silver just received for November
Penn cfc Holstein.
We can supply you with fresh
fruits of all kii.ds. Fresh supp-'y al
most every day.
Timmons cfc Morgan.
If you do noe get value rec
you get inferior goods for tv
we charge you for tho od
yourself. Our 20 years e>
business and our "square de
thing to the prospective buy?
"We can deliver the goods.'
man and beast.
Office and salesroom 863 Bro.
P.S. Mr. M. Gary Sarcber is with u.<
COGLIN & S
All kinds of fruits,
drinks, cigars, tobacci
Next to P
Edgefield, S. C.
The old Time Quality,
Made of the Best Material.
Stands the Test of Time
1009 BROAD STREET DAVID
TINPLATE. GALVANIZED ROOHNG. RUBBLR I
No matter what you want in the
bupyy line. We will pet it for you
if we don't happen to have' just
what you are looking for.
Wildon ?fe Can tel ou.
Look at our buggies and hames?
before buying, we will save you
Wilson <v Cantelon.
Our dre??s youda department is
replete with the newest fabrico,
popular weaves and colors. The
ladies are invited to call.
J. W. Peak.
If you want a nice carriage, call
vrd see our line.
Wilson ?. ^antelou.
Large assortment of li ^.ika, bays,
suit ewes, etc, at reasonable prices.
Ramsey & Jones.
We are still neilin? the celebrated
Studebaker wagon. The best yet,
Wilson A Cantelon.
Ren ti fnl assortment of combs
Ti ni mons & Morgan.
A nice line saddles, prices right.
Wilson & Camelon.
We invite the men to call to see
our fall Btoek of clothing, 1- ts,
.1. W. Teak.
We can supply Edgefield farmers
with Appier ?>;its fur seed.
EdgeticUl Mercantile Co.
Full st? < k of musical inst rirent
?ni hand, abo lull assortment of
Ramsey & .Tones.
$.25 suits made to order of in'
ported woolens. Made with snap
and style. Write for ?mi pie?. Spend
$>?r> or nave $15. F. G. Merlins, Au
Largo stock of ?eliool supplies,
.mch aspad*, pens, pencils, exami
natiou tablets, etc
Ti in mons tfe Moryan.
Boy? BU?ts, overcoats, pants, and
bats a full line, 2? per cent less than ?
elsewhere F. G. Merlins, Augusta,
FREE, FREE, FREE. A nice j
present to any one that brines in
the*evenadvertisements that I have'
io this paper mentioning paper be-j
fore December 1, 19l? or we will
send present with any order of $J.00
or more. F. G. Merlins, Auyusia,
Stetson hats and other makes, a \
full line for*2.5U up. Welours hats'
*4 00 nil shades. F. G. Mertins,
ei ved for your money. If
hi ch you pay as much as
kind, you can blame only
:perience in the grocery
al" policy i." worth some
.r and all we ask is a trial.
" Groceries and feed lor
?H??. & CO,
ad Warehouse Ga. Railroad
i and will be glad to see his friends
"THE TIN OF QUALITY"
?00FING. TIN ANO GALVANIZED S H ! NG LOS
. GPATES. ITC.
Very large stock of art sq unre.-, rugs,
matting, etc. We have never shown
a prettier assortment of I hese goods*
Ramsey cfc Jones.
When you need a piece of cut
irlass come to us. Our riesi<_rns are
new and original and our prices are
Ramsey cfc Jones.
When you want a package of fine]
fresh candy c? me to our store. We]
sell only the reliable kind, alw ysj
National Biscuit's Co's. 5 lb.
fruitcakes now on hand.
L. T. May.
Our furniture department is well
supplied wit li all grades. We can
suit you in any thing from the oheap
set to the finest oak or mahogany
bed room suit. Come in to see our
Ramsey cfc Jones.
Have you tried Noah's liniment?!
I? cures lbs of man and beast.
Ti m mons cfc Morgan.
Raincoat? $3 50 and up. (-ruaran
teed waterproof. Send us size wanfrj
ted and price F. G. Merlins, Augusj
Try the new liniment, Hornet'l
Xv st Liniment. It can be usedbotf
internally and externally and nevi
fails to afford relief.
Ti m mons cfc Morgan.
Wedding presents of all kinds
our stor". We call especial altenti<
io our solid silver. Nothing super
or tu it un the market. Prices vet|
?.faso nab le.
Ramsey cfc Jones.
110.00 up for all wool suits, <pn
ill) save fi.UO. F. G. Menin?, Aj
Work pants from $2 00 u|
Write F. G. Mertins, Augusta, Gi
La?1?" writing desks in malloga
ny, . .eye maple, weathered oal
in mission effect. Open and rolle]
top office desks ami office chairs.
Ramsey cfc June?.
Home canned peaches, beans!
corn and tomatoes. Thc very besl
Ti m mons cv ?forgan.
Solid car of the celebrated Bab]
cock buggies. Also large as?urr.ment
of Hackney, Rook Hill and Colum-j
bu-* bruru ?es to select from. We car
please you, ami what is more otu
vehicles are th*' best on the marketj
Ramsey cfc Jo::es.
Beautiful assortment of iron bedsJ
Come in before the stock is broken]
Ramsey cfc Jones.
A full line of fruit cake ingre
L. L. May.