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Union of America
Matters sf Especial Moment to
the Progressive Agriculturist
Performance is a man's best pedi
Work never hurt any one who didn't
want to be hurt.
There is nothing that gives a man
such safe anchorage in life as a good
Temptation is only an invitation;
It (toes.not become a wrong until you
Always keep your promises, no mat
ter if doing so causes you a whole
lot of inconvenience.
Steps saved are wages saved, and
well-arranged premises save BtepB.
Make these plans before it ls too late
to change them.
The test of neighborliness is In
helping the man you dislike most of
all. When a certain man fell among
thieves it was his bitterest enemy that
saved his life.
When you seem to see trouble ev
erywhere, when others' faults annoy
you, and when the whole world seems
blue, consult an oculist-your glasses
may he out of date.
The man who does right because it
ts right hits the bull's-eye; but the
fellow who does right merely to ap
pear well In the opinion of his friends
Is a mighty poor shot
Has somebody hurt your feelings?
Don't let your feelings control you.
Let your common sease assert its au
thority. "Feelings" might be defined
as "what enjoys sitting on elbows
purposely to be hurt"
WORK TOGETHER IN FINLAND
Agricultural Co-operation Initiated a
Few Years Ago, Reaches High De
gree of Development
Agricultural co-operation In Finland,
although It was Initiated only a few
years ago, has now reached a high de
gree of development This result is
largely due to the work of propaganda
and organization carried out by the
Pellervo society, which was founded
In 1899 for this purpose.
Thus the contrary has taken place
in Finland in what usually occurs in
other countries; that is, there has
been a central organization before the
single co-operative societies have been
founded, f^jmust also be pointed out
that the IJBftvo was founded by the
intellectual raWrijbgs ' of the towns
rather than by^e farmers, because
they realized that a prudent and well
organized agricultural co-operation
was one of the principal sources of
.well being for the country.
After the foundation of the Pellervo
society and in consequence of the law
of 1901 on co-operative societies, the
development of the latter was very
rapid. In fact, after the Pellervo 49
agricultural societies were founded In
1901, S9 in 1904 r.nd 1,122 in 1909.
In Finland the co-operative society
extend its operations in the most va
ried branches of the agricultural in
dustry. Some of the more important
societies are those for dairy products.
In 1908 there were 340 of these socie
ties, with more than 33,000 members,
who supplied the societies with 2.G53,
940 hectoliters of milk, taken from
23S.000 cows. There were 10,912.000
packages of butter sold, being SS.5 per
cent of the total exportation of butter
The co-operative credit societies are
of equal importance. They are car
ried on on general lies in accordance
with the principles of the Raiffeisen
hanks and their business is almost ex
clusively the supply of small sums to
email farmers. In 1909 there were
3S4 of these funds, with 15,000 mem
bers, to whom loans were granted for
a sum total of 4,028,000 francs, an av
erage of about 256 francs a member.
The local co-operative credit socie
ties are all affiliated with a central
bank, which was founded in 1902, and
carries on its operations hy means of
a loan of 4,000,000 francs, granted to
lt by the state, and an additional an
nual subsidy of 20,000 francs. It acts
as a kind of heart in the organism of
the Finland co-operative credit socie
ties, supplying capital to the small
local societies, which have to submit
lo ita control. In 1909 340 co-opera
live societies out of 348 joined the
central institute, receiving 4,000,650
francs in loans.
This centralization has been brought
about, not only in connection with the
co-operative credit societies, but also
with the others. Thus, in addition to
the central bank of which we have
spoken, there 1B tho Important orga
nization, the Haukkija, founded in
1905, the object of which is the pur
chase and sale of agricultural require
ments, the labor, constituted for the
?ame purpose; the falio, which is a
central organ for the sale of the but
ter produced by the local co-operative
societies, and finally the co-operative
<listributive central. In 1909 the four
central societies (excluding the La
bor) comprised 859 co-operative socle
lies, possessing a capital of 898,000
?francs, their business for the year be
ing 32,109,000 francs. These figures
Are sufficient to demonstrate the de
velopment of agricultural co-operation
Un Finland, which really appears mar
velous when the geographical position,
Iba distribution of the population and
fib? climat? of the country are taken
MILK HOUSE FREQUE
(Ey J. E. BRIDGMAN).
While lt sounds strange, it is true
that many farmers who are making
tilt larger portion of their yearly in
come from milk have no milk house.
They have a calf shed, implement
house, barn, corn crib, granary, eic,
all built for the purpose of caring for
and protecting the various products
or tool? used on the farm, but they
have never thought it necessary to
build a milk house. Many model
housekeepers are compelled to keep
milk in unsanitary roomB, such as
some outbuilding, the cellar, kitchen,
or other general purpose room for the.
reason that there is no milk house.
Milk should be kept in a room used
for no other purpose, and in some
states an attempt has been made to
paBs lawB governing the keeping of
milk on the farm, that is, milk that is
sold or used for any purpose except
on the farm. The Bmalls milk house
here shown will certainly "cost several
dollars, but ls it not worth it? The
structure should, of course, be built of
cement, but build it of brick, stone,
or even wood if you cannot build it
of cement The idea is simply a sug
gestion. The Bcreened-in porch for a
workroom would come in mighty han
DIVERSIFY IN FARMING
One-Crop System Fails to Bring
Not Enough Attention Given to 8yo
tem of Rotation by Average Farm
er-Raise More Live Stock
to Increase Profit
That a one-crop system has failed
to bring permanent prosperity to any
considerable area is verified many
times in the history of agriculture.
However, much has been gained by de
voting certain limited areas to a one
crop production. We believe the
above fact to be true and that enough
attention's not given byJbe average
farmer to a system of rotation which
ls adapted to the soil and climatic
conditions with which he must deal,
says the Gem State Rural Journal.
The fact that one locality will produce
fruit successfully has led men to
squander their means in attempting to
grow commercial orchards where only
failure can possibly be the reward.
A crop rotation should contain only
such plants and products as are adapt
ed to the soil and climatic conditions,
and have a commercial value either
directly or indirectly. However, it is
not enough to know that a crop will
grow well and produce abundantly.
This is the chief difficulty now where
there is a superabundance of alfalfa
produced with not enough foresight
given to the disposition of the crop
after it is grown and made into hay.
Too many trust to an uncertain mar
ket for the raw product, and give too
little attention to the conversion of the
raw material into the finished article.
Every rational system of diversified
faming must embrace the growing of
animals and the manufacture of ani
mal products either on thc farm or in
the large central plants. To grow
mere animals successfully a wider
range of farm crops Is necessary.
More grain and cultivated crops should
be grown to combine with the staple
hay and pasturo crops to get the beat
results, and reap the largest returns 1
for labor and capital Invested. Many
of the old alfalfa meadows should be
plowed up and put to growing other
crops for a term of years; and the
newer and the old worn-out lands
would be much benefltted by seeding
to alfalfa. Oats and barley produce
abundantly anu wheat as well, after
the alfalfa. All kinds of hoed crops
do well, Including the potato and root
crops. In growing a young orchard
It does not hurt to plant somfi hoed
crop between the trees, such as corn,
potatoes or beans. This is putting
Into practice the theory of rotation.
As the trees grow into bearing the
space between the trees can be seed
ed to clover for a time to advantage,
thus carrying still further the Idea
of growing a variety of crops on the
laud. But above all things Bee to lt
that more live stock is produced to
consume the surplus and the waste
material which ls found on every
farm, and which should contribute to
the net income of that farm.
Worth of a Hen.
France classes the worth of a hen
mor-e for tho production of meat and
rggs than she does for the fine feath
ers or standard looks. Some years ago
the poultrymen aimed for show rec
ords, and while they no doubt gained
their point, they at the same time |
ruined the stamina and thrift of the 1
hen for commercial purposes. Today j
lt Is different. Utility has taken a
front seat and all breeds are bred up
to conform with the ideas of the mar- i
NTLY IS OVERLOOKED
of Milk House.
ia -a -Bl
4' x so:
* O'* co:
Floor Plan of Milk House.
dy air nfc about fly time and the drive
way c -tainly would be used. The side
porches are' for keeping out the sun,
but they would be utilized for stor
ing many things as well as for sun
ning milk cans, etc. The size of the
room will, of course, depend on the
number of cows kept, but a room of
the size given on the floor plan will
be found ample for quite a number of
SET PLANTS IN MIDSUMMER
Henry Jerolaman, Strawberry King,
Tells of Methods Employed to Get
8,000 Quarts to Acre.
In the famous strawberry section
about Hilton, N. J., many growers set
out new beds the last of July or early
August, says the Agriculturist. Beds
thus set are fruited the following
Immediately after the crop is har
vested, which usually ends about the
first week in July, the strawberry
mulch is raked off and the soil worked
with a hoe or rake. Runners for new
plants are put out and layered in the
usual way. As soon as they are
large enough they are set out in the
The strawberry king, Henry Jerola
man, says: "The strawberry is a vh^
wous ?eeuer, an?' stotild' hav?^ptelily
of plant food when it needs it most.
I use well-rotted horse and cow ma
nure mixed. Spade or plow it under
and work the soil until it is well dis
"After the plants are started put
some fine, well-rotted manure or com
post around each plant This may
seem troublesome, but it pays. It not
only fertilizes the plant, but protects
it during the winter. My rows are
two feet ten Inches apart, and the
plants are every 15 inches in the row.
With this method I have no trouble
in getting six to eight thousand quarts
If thc plants are set during a hot.
dry spell, they should be watered.
Mr. Jerolaman always puts a pint of
rain water to each plant. After drop
ping the roots in the hole made with
the hand, the water is poured in, and
the dirt drawn around the plant. Each
plant should be shaded in hot weather
during the middle of the clay after it
is set, at least two days. Strawberry
baskets are turned upside down over
each niant. If plants are very large,
old peach baskets or anything of that
sort can be used.
OPERATION OF A GAS ENGINE
Plan and Illustration for Stopping
Pump When Tank ls Full
Simple and Inexpensive.
J. W. Moeller sends the Iowa Home
stead an illustration and plan for
stopping a Jump spark gas engine
pumping water when the tank 1B full.
Take some insulated copper wire,
Jump Spark Gas Engine.
which does not cost much, attach one
end of wire to spark plug, then run
wire up to ceiling where it is out of
the way. Fasten with some staples
and then run end of wire down to
top of tank. When tank is full the
water will touch end of wire and short
circuit the current which stops the
engine. Dy this plan the engine may
be started and left for an indefinite
length of time, for when the tank 1?
full the engine will stop.
Feed for Lambs.
Tobacco steins chopped fine or to
bacco sweepings mixed with Bait are
good to feed young lambs, particu
larly if they are affected with worooa.
The County Treasurer's office will be
open for the purpose of receiving taxes
from the 15th day of October, 1912, to
the 15th day of March, 1913.
All taxes shall be due and payable be
tween the IStb day of October, 1912,
and December 31st, 1912.
That when taxes charged shall not
be paid by December 31st, 1912, the
County Auditor shall proceed to add a
penalty of one per cent for January,
I and if taxes are not paid on or bei'ore
i February 1st, 1913, the County Auditor
I will proceed to add two per cent, and
five per cent from 1st of March to the
15th of March. After which time all
unpaid taxes will be collected by the
The tax levies for the year 1912 are
For State purposes 5 3-4 mills
" Ordinary County 41-2 "
" Cons. School tax 3 "
" Special County tax 2 3-4 "
" Bacon S. D, Special 2 "
,, Edgefield S. D. 2 "
" Long Cane S. D. 3 "
" Libertv Hill S. D. 3 "
" Johnston S. D. 5 "
" Collier S. D. 3 "
" Flat Rock S. D 4 "
" Prescott S. D. 3 "
"Plum Branch S. D. No 1 5 "
" White Town SD 3 "
" Trenton SD 2 "
" Ward SD. 2 "
' Moss SD 3 "
Parksville SD 3 "
" Washington SD 2 "
" Oak Grove SD 3 "
" Red Hill SD 21-2 "
" Shaw 2 "
" R R Bonds Wise TVp 11-4 "
" R R Bonds Pickens .3 "
"RR Bonds Johnston 3 "
" RR Bonds Pine Grove 12 "
"RR Bonds Blocker 12 "
" " Bonds Town Edgefield 1-2"
" School Bonds 1 "
" Town of Edgefield
Corporation Purposes 10 "
All male citizens between the ages of
21 years and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are liable to a poll tax of
One Dollar each. A capitation tax of
50 cents each is to be paid on all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of 18 and 55
years must pay $2.00 commutation tax
or work six days on the public roads.
As this is optional with the individual,
no commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when you desire to pay road tax.
James T. Mims,
Co. Treas. E. C.
Separate Your Seed For
Fat seed make fat crops. Fat
crops make fat bauk rolls. With
my improved separator I can sepa
rate your cotton seed for planting
better than ever this winter. A
postal will brintr me.
John W. Spann,
Edgefield, S. C. j
DR. J. S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
A i?. CORLEY, Surgeon
Dentist. Appointments j
at Trenton on Wednesdays.
Crown and Bridge werk
James A. Dobey,
Johnston, S. C.
FFICE OVER JOHNSTON DRUG CO.
lake the Old Suit
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
WALLACE HARRIS PROP.
All persons indebted to the late
George W. Johnson will please
make payment at once to the un
dersigned, and all persons holding
claims against his estate will pres
ent them at once to the undersign
ed for payment.
?Steu* R? M. Johnson,
Scholarship For Sale.
The Advertiser has a scholarship
in-Draughn's Business College that
it]will sell for much less than
the regular price. Any young man
or lady desiring to take a course in
Bookkeeping, Stenography, or
Typewriter should not miss this op
portunity. Apply at once at this
L. T. MAY
Edgefield, S. C., Dec. 31, 1912,
TO THE PEOPLE OF TOWN AND
COUNTY OF EDGEFIELD:
I wish to thank you very much for your gen
erous patronage during ic)i2,ancl solicit a con
uance ot the same, striving to give you full ser
vice and full values.
Wishing you a happy and a prosperous New
year, I am,
Yours very truly,
L. T. May
And find the mark<
unfavorable for your
produce? The farmer T*UnMr W4Bt to uuk*L
who has a telephone in his home can. telephone
first. The useless trips thus saved are worth the
cost of service.
- - . Under the -plan of the -Bell System the service
costs but a trifle; the farmer owns the instrument
and the equipment.
Write to nearest Bell Telephone
M anager for pamphlet, or address
Farmers* Line Department
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH C(*
SOUTH PRYOR STREET, ATLANTA. GA.
CeDTricht 1909. by C. ?. Zimmerswn Co.-K?.
When the crops are in,and
the profits of the farm cari
be counted in money, the
time to start a bank ac
count is ripe; by doing so
you may conduct your farm
as every good business is
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, Pres.; W. W. Adams, Vice
pres.; E. J. Miras, Cashier; J. H. Allen, assistant Cashier.
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, W. W. Adams, J. Wm.
Thurmond, Thos. H. Rainsford, J. M. Cobb, B. E. Nicholson, A.
S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, W. E. Prescott.