(Mest ?Netuspapetr Sn ^Mh Cantal
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY,JANUARY 29,1913
Mr. and Mrs. Jack A. Lott En
tertain. Many Visitors.
Johnston Represented at
Mr. and Mrs. Jack A. Lott gave
a iinner on Friday evening and it
was one of the most delightfully
pleasant and informal affairs of the
week's social calendar. An occasion
here is always a happy one, but at
this time the host and hostess ex
celled themselves by their genial
spirit and cordial hospitality. The
festive board was beautiful to be
hold. The centerpiece was of nar
cissus and violets, and boutonni?res
of violets were at each cover. A
several course dinner was served
during which time conversation
waxed merrily. Seated with the host
and hostess were Misses Sara Beaks,
Lila Maud Willis, Frances Strother,
Maud Nickerson, Nina Ouzts, Lylie
LaGrone and Zena Payne, and Mes
srs. E. H. Smith, W. E. LaGrone,
A. L. Clark, J. Howard Payne and
J. E. Bland.
Mrs. Lujy McLenna is the guest
of relatives at Batesburg.
Mr. Stanton Lott,i of the South
Carolina University, spent the week
end at his h< nie here. The splendid
record he is .nuking is heard of with
great pleasure by his numerous
Misses Nina Ouzts and Pet La
Grone visiwa in Edgefield last
Mr. Wilmet Ouzts spent a few
days of the pu?t week in Tenille,
Miss Orrie Sabe Miller, of Tren
ton, has been the guest of friends
Miss Garber, of Winnsboro,spent
a few days of the past week with
Miss Glady> Sawyer.
Ralph Wilber, of Appleton. S.
G., visited here recently.
Mrs. L. B. Aspell, of Winston
r?ale.:;, -V: i_^??^h^ire ' during" hrsrt
eek with friends.
Messrs. W. M. Clark and W. W.
Satcher spent Thursday in Augus
Mrs. Percy Norris, of Aiken, has
been the gue&t of her sister, Mrs.
J. E. Sweuriugen.
Mrs. R. E. Maffett, of Leesville,
visited the family of Mi. W. B.
Maffett last week.
Miss Sallie Dozier gave a party
for a few of her young friends last
Saturday afternoon, and they all en
joyed the hours with their friend
and befire departing they were
served with delicious refreshments.
Mr. O. D. Black received a tele
gram on Saturday from his brother,
Rev. J. T. Black, of Anderson,
stating the sudden death of his
wife. He left immediately to be
with his brother and to attend the
funeral, which took place on Mon
day. Mrs. Black is pleasantly re
membered here, she wiih her hus
band and two little boys having
visited in our town a year or more
ago. She was a sister of Mrs. Broad
UB Knight, of Trenton. There were
nine s ste rs in the family, eight of
whom are living.
Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Wright, of
Greenwood spent last week here
Rev. Browne, of Aiken, was the
guest of Mr. and Mrs. Mike Clark
the last of the week.
Miss Alice Wilson, of Lexing
ton, has returned to her home after
a visit to her sister, Mrs. W. E.
Mrs. Pope Perry who has been
ill for the past two weeks, is much
Messrs. F. S. and Julian Bland
and Howard Payne went over to
Columbia on Saturday to see "The
Mrs. Bettie Cogburn spent last
week at Trenton with Mrs. Monroe
Mr. Pickens Turner visited at the
home of his nephew Mr. M. T. Tur
ner last week.
Mesdames Bettie Allen and Mary
Ashlev, of Fruit Hill, were guests
last week at the home of Dr. B. L.
Dr. E. C. Ridgel, of Batesburg,
"was here during the week.
Mrs. Clifton Mitchell has been
visiting her mother Mrs. Anna
Mrs. Harry Hamilton, who has
been spending two months at the
ome of her father. Mr. A. C. Mob
, contemplates returning to her
e in Virginia this week. Her
visit, has been a source of great
pleasure to many frierais and it
is regretted that her home is row
so far away.
Mr. W. T. Allen, of Atlanta,
spent Sunday here with friends.
Johnson is being well represented
at the corn show in Columbia this
There is a plan on foot by which
ata future date, the town will
boast a clock.
Alcohol in Modern Business.
A vacancy "occurred in a great
New York bankiner house. The
salary was large and the position
very important. A young man from
an inland city with influential
friends was suggested as the proper
person to fill the place. A number
of influential persons united in the
warmest commendations of his
character and ability. Letters recom
mending him were sent to the bank,
and he received a request to call
and see the president.
He was received with affability
and after a few minutes conversa
tion was told that other arrange
ments had been made and the place
had been filled, or was about to be
given to another man. He was
shocked beyond measure and went
home greatly disappointed.
An intimate friend of the presi
dent, who had warmly commended
him, wrote inquiring why the place
had been given to another man. The
answer came back "We never em
ploy men in our bank who come to
us with alcoholic breath." Then it
dawned on him that, feeling ner
vous before calling on the president,
the young man had taken a glass of
wine, supposing that it would
steady his nerves and make him
A famous surgeon was called to
perforo' an operation on the son of
a wealthy manufacturer. H? reach
ed the house after midnight. As the
night was cold and he hud to get
in a ba&.some...miles f/om the rail
road station, he took a glajs of
whiskey. When he reached the
house his breath indicated what he
The manufacturer received him
in the parlor, and after a few min
utes conversation, said, "I have
been in business over forty years
and have a large number of men in
my employ. 1 never allow any man
to do important worK for me, who
has an alcoholic breath. I must ad
here to my custom, pay you your
fee, and have some other doctor do
The physician retired with a new
light and a conception that the
business world had a far clearer no
tion of the effects of alcohol than
A third instance. The president
of a large railroad accidentally step
ped info the office of the train dis
patcher on one division of the road.
The dispatcher had been in the ser
vice many years and was considered
very reliable, and yet that day he
had an alcoholic breath. After a
few moments' conversation the
nresident called the superintendent
.'..)d told him to replace that man at
once, no matter what his excuse
might be. Then he lett orders that
everv man with an alcoholic breath
should be dropped from the rolls of
A man of wea'th carne from the
west to New York to elose a most
imponant business agreement. On
the invitation of a friend he wem
into one of the big clubs to dinner.
At the table not far away he notic
ed two men dining and drinking
freely from a bottle of whiskey.
That afternoon, to his astonish
ment, both of these men appeared
as principals in the b usiness ar
rangements be was about to make.
To the surprise of all he flatly re
fused to go on, saying that he had
changed his mind. The next day he
declared to a confidential friend
that he would have no dealings
with any man who felt it necessary
to use spirits at meals or otherwise;
that in Iiis life he had suffered more
from contact with moderate drink
ers than with fools and knaves.
These instances may be duplicat
ed in business circles, and show
clearly that business men recognize
total abstinence as one ol' the essen
tials for good work in all th : de
The best brains, the clearest in
tellect and the most perfect com
mand of all the faculties are re
quired in the work to-day, and
I any thing less than this is inviting
disaster. There is no theory in this
or sentiment. It is hard, bitter ex
perience which the business world
is learning rapidly. Business, like
science, has no concern with iradi
tions of thc food and stimulant val
ue of alcohol. .
The one fact is clear to them that
the man with an alcoholic breath
has an impaired mentality artd con
trol of his brain power;- that ?he
man with the alcoholic breath j s
not trustworthy. lie is incapable
and in some unknown way. he will
fail to meet the requirements o?t,he
A great defalcation in a bank?
caused widespread disaster, and tun*
was directly traceable to the man
with an alcoholic breath, who mid:,
managed its affairs.
A recent railroad accident was
dated from the failure *>f two differ
ent men, both of whom were known
to have used spirits before the acci
dent. These tacts are coming into
the business world so sharply and. so
clearly that there is no question aud
no doubt about them.-T. D. Crotli
ers, M. D., in International Good
Letter From Gard nemile School.
Dear Mr. Editor: As our school
closes in just one more week we
thought we would write one more
letter. Our teacher will teach the
Lenior school after our school clos
es. We hate very much to give up
Miss Mary but we all hope that we
will be fortunate enough to get her
back next year.
Mr. John Matthews who has
been quite ill with pneumonia for
some time is steadily improving.
Mr. and Mrs. Bennie Lanham
visited the latter's parente last Sun
Mr. John Reynolds whe has been
quite sick is much better.
Mr. J. V. Cooper is having a new |
saw mill installed on his place and
as soon as the lumber can be sawed
he will bei,i:i tile b?iidi?g Oi" *!?Td
Messrs. Wylie Glover, Joe Gard
ner, Mr. Bungey and several othei
men of this community went fox
hunting last niirht.
Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph Sweirin
gen and little daughter Wilma,
visited Mrs. Swearingen's parents
One of our lovely little girls Miss
Christine Cooper has been absent
from school this week on account
Mrs. Claude Werts of Johnston
visited her parents Mr. and Mrs. S.
A. Stevens a few weeks ag??.
Superintendent of ?ducation Ful
ler visited our school last Wednes
day. We are always glad to have
our suoerintendent visit us.
Mr. Tolbert Glover is suffering
from a nervous break down. We
wish him a speedy recovery.
Mr. J. S. Reynolds, and sweet
little daughter Ellie Lou, visited
relatives in Johnston Sunday.
Giving Thought to Seed Selec
Farmers are already discussing
what kind or variety of seed they
will plant. To seo them co deeply
interested in this important matter
is an encouraging sign of the times.
Not many years ago farmers, even
the most intelligent and most pto
gressive class, would plant almost
any ki nd of seed. About the only
thing which concerned them then
was the soundness of the seed, while
now they are also concerned about
the proper selection. They not on
ly want seed trat will gi-rminate, af
fording a complete stand, but they
want seed that will bring satisfacto
ry results at the harvest time. It
costs as much to fertilize and work
a weak, fruitless stalk of corn or
cotton as it does a vigorous, well
fruited stalk. Farmers have learned <
this after much dearly-bought ex
perience. Give your seed selection c
thought and study, obtaining tile
very best seed possible, not counting j
the cost within reasonable limits,
lt will pay handsomely in the end
It was in the church yard. The
morn ?cg sun shone brightly and (
the dew wa.* still on the grass. '"Ah,
this is the weather that make.^ j
things spring up," remarked tin
passerby casual ly to an old gentle- \
man seated on a bench.
"Hu<h, leplii'd the old gentleman, j
I've got three wives buried here "
One Way to Increase Farm
Your profits from your farming
is ; merely the difference between
wfi?tiyon get for your crop? and
what ii costs you to produce them.
if cotton sells for twelve cents a
pojind and you make 180 pouuds t(
iheacreata cost of nine cents a
pound your profit is $5.40 per acre,
[f cotton sells for ten cents a pound
md you make 500 pounds per acre
it a cost of 7 cents a pound, your
protiton *?c "e is $15. In othe?
tvo^dsi the. i tw0 ways for you
io increase j ?. ur profits. One is to
ret more for what vou make; the
:>tber is to make it at less cost.
You ought to make an effort
ilong both these lines; *but the lat
.erfb'ne is the more impoitant, both
be?au?c the individual can do more
x> cheapen production than to raise
prices ?md because the average cost
if production is more above what
it should be than the average prices
relived for farm products are be
lo*' a fair standard.
T/he first thing to do to reduce
?be cost of production is to increase
Lhe average yield per acre. The av
3rage crop in the South is net a pro
fitable crop. You must make more
?hau 180 pounds of cotton or 18
bushell* of com per acre if you
make much money farming.
You can increace your average
fields in two ways. You can prac
tice better methods and you can
luit working land that is too poor
to produce a fair crop. You don't
nave to pl int corn on land that will
lot make more than fifteen bushels
lo the acre. You are doing a fool
sh thing when you do it, for you
can make more off of such land, by
planting it in some other crop, say
cowpeas or soy beans, and you can
'?et more for your labor by working
"Lei's getdown to business in this
matter-before the planting season
be**Akand ? resolve that we will
rn^HBww^c;-:.>grq;a cr&p uiil.*rd>
too'j??or to give us reasonable hope
af a fair yield. The only crops to
plant on such land are soil-building
3rops-the legumes. Give the land
i chance and give yourself a chance.
Don't put your labor where you
know it will not pay. Thousands
will do it; bnt you need not.
Keep the corn and cotton off thc
Hopelessly poor acres. This is one
-ure way to increase farm profits -
One of These Days.
Say! Let's forget it! Let's put it
Life is so short and the world is so
Days are so short and there's so much
What if it was false-there's so much
Say! Let's forget! Let's brush it
Now and forever! So, what do you
A.11 of the bitter words said shall be
One of these days.
Say! Let's forgive it! Let's wipe off
Fig! something better to cherish than
There's so much good in the world that
Let's strike a balance, and cross off
Say! Let's forgive it, whatever it be;
Let's not be slaves when we ought to
We shall be walking in sunshiny ways
One of these days.
Say! Let's not cake it so sorely to
rlatesmaybe friendships just drifted
Failure bc genius not quite under
Ne could all help folks so much if we
say! Let's get closer to somebody's
See what his dream is and know how
j^arn if our scoldings won't give way
One of these days.
jay! Let's not wither.' Let's branch ,
out and rise
)ut ol' the byways and nearer the t
,ei's spread some shade that's refresh
ing and deep
Nher-y some tired traveler may lie
down and sleep.
Jay! L.'t's not tarry! Let's do it right
Horne Mixing of Fertilizers.
Manufacturers claim, says tlx
Spartanburg Journal, that no far
mer can mix the ingredients which
go into a fertilizar in a satisfactory
way. That is to say, if a farmei
wished to make a 10-4 acid phos
phate and potash mixture, he can
not possibly mix the two ingredi
ents so they will run in a regular
way. Now, if a farmer wished
2,000 pounds, which would analyize
10-4-, he could take 1,250 pounds of
16 per cent, acid phosphate and 077
pounds of kainit and mix thorough
ly and he would have 1,237 pounds.
If he wished an even ton he could
add 73 pounds of dry dirt or any
of anything else which would do
for a iiller. If he wished to get
the same grade from 14 per ceut.
acid, he would have to take 1,428
pounds of acid phosphate and 667
pounds of kainit and this mixture
would give him 2,095 pounds in
stead of an exact ton.
Any farmer can mix the acid and
kainit thoroughly with a hoe and
shovel. The work would be so
thoroughly done that samples taken
from different ends of the sack
would show little difference in the
analysis. The cost of acid phos
phate and kainit in either case
would be about $14.25 to $14.75,
according to the price of the mate
rial. Now if the larmer should go
to the dealer for' the 10-4 he would
pay 518. That is, he would have
to pay $3 for the mixing, which he
could do as well at home.
The farmer who uses only a ton
or two and who does not understand
what his land or special crop needs
should not attempt to do the mix
ing unless he does the \\ork under
the advice and instruction of some
one who understands the business.
Such men should buy just what
they can get from their local dealer.
But the farmer, who uses ten tons
up, can afford to mix to suit each
lot of land and each crop. He
ouirhtto, be able toy figure 'out just
what amounts of each ingredient
will be needed to give the desired
If there is a field with tiiin. san
dy soil after breaking Lha hard pan
and putting in good condition, pot
ash and nitrogen would be needed.
On such land thee should be at
least 5 per cent, of potash and
nearly as much nitrogen. On land
recently clea;ed, or with a good
heavy sod or stubble turned under,
more phosphoric acid would be
needed and less potash and nitro
gen. The farmer should study the
analysis of his mature crops, so
thal he would know which kind oi
plant food was demanded. Oui
schoolbooks need amending some
what. A few such questions a>
these would have a practical mean
ing for the boys. How much acid
phosphate and kainit should be
mixed to get an 8.6 mixture? How
much tiller to the ton, il' any, was
necessary y How much 16 per cent,
acid, muriate of potash and cotton
seed meal should be used to give a
9-5-3 mixture? What is the ac
tual value and weight ol' available
plant food in a ton of fertilizer
which contains 8 per cunt of phos
phoric acid, 4 per cent, of potash
and 3 per cent, of ammonia? That
chapter should be added to arith
metics, so thatyoung farmers could
make their own calculation? and
mix fertilizers so as to get special
The Value of Cotton Seed Meal.
Wise is that farmer who ex
changes his cotton seed for meal.
If he feeds it to cattle and saves all
ihe manure and distributes it evenly
he will ?iel double pay, for it is i-.s
timated that manure will be equal
to the cost of the meal, for the
hay and other forage and bedding
goes in with the manure. But tile
followinjr suggestions are for the
farmers who use the meal without
In buying acid phosphate and
potash, it is cheaper to buy the IC
per cent, acid and muriate ol potanh.
In buying a ton ot kainit oin? yets :
250 pounds of available potafh. ;
A ton of muriate of potash con- i
tains 1,000 pounds, or five times :
as much, and the freight is the
Suppose a farmer has the meal .'
on hand and he wishes a high- I
ffrade fertilizer. Let him mix 1,000 <
pounds of acid phosphate, 2?o t
pounds muriate of potash and 8UO
pounds of cotton seed meal.
That will give him a ton, which s
will analyze 0-5.S-2.8. Suppose jf
he wants more ammonia and le-> ?
Every Farmer Should Attend.
Great Exposition Lasts Until
February 8. Many States
Every farmer in the south ought
to be laying his plann to visit Co
ombia S. C., during the national
::orn exposition which will last un
til the 8th of February. It is not
>nly the biggest thing of the sort
which bas ever been held in this
?tateor the south, but in some res
>eets it will be ahead of anything
he country has ever seen.
In a sense it is a misnomer to
ipeak of it as a com show. Of
jourse, it is a corn show, and pre
iininently so, but it does not stop
.here by any means. Step by step
t has grown in the last half dozer*
/ears until its sci?pe has been broad
jned to include practically every
mportant problem of agricultural
) rog ress.
The exposition this year promises
;o be by odds the best that has been
?eld since the project was first con
jeived. More time has been allow
id for preparation and those who
ire in charge of it have been at
vork now for nearly two years
naking all the needful arrange
nents and thoroughly advertising
the event throughout the entire
jountry. It is expected that at least
thirty-five states will be represented;
letween twenty-five and thirty ag"
rica kural colleges and experiment
stations will have exhibits; more in
lividual competitors have been en- .
tered than ever before, and con
gress having at last given the expo
sition officiai recognition, the fed
eral department of agriculture is
nstalling the most comprehensive
ind elaborate exhibit ever put up
it any exposition.
Too obvious to require stressing 7
ire the benefits frhich the. south
?fiouia reap 'from the bringing -to v
rhia section of hundreds of the most
prosperous and intelligent agricul
turalists of other parts of America.
They will be here from the farthest
tontines of the nation and a con
siderable percentage of them will
i)e men who have learned in the
ichool of experience how to esti
mate the value of undeveloped op
portunities. It will pay the far
mers of South Carolina handsome
ly to get in touch with them when
they come hen They are ready to
teach and they are also ready to be
taught. We can learn of them and
th AV should learn of us.
This is the first time the national
jorn exposition has been held in
the south. Its stand i np before the
jountry is already established. Far
mers of every southern state, and
ill others who are intelested in the
idvaneemcnt of the people have
ihead of them a great educational'
privilege. They should wake up to
the fact before it is too late. They
diould determine without further
lelay that they will not miss visit
ing the exposition for at least a day,
md they will make every effort to
prolong their stay. It will be too
hig an event to take it on the run..
phosphoric acid, he could cut out
2UU pounds of acid and add 200
pounds of cotton seed meal. That
would analyze 7.t?- -t?-3.7. That
would be excellent for corn or cot
ton on the ordinary clean land.
If kainit is used instead of mu
riate of potash, a high grade can
not be made.
For instance, take 800 pounds 16
per cent, acid, 600 pounds kainit
md GOO pounds cotton ?ced meal..
The analysis would be 7-4.2-2.
That would be equal in value to the
standard fertilizer (8.(55-2-2,.
which is sold on the market for
ibout $19 or S20 aton. The cost
to the farmer, exclusive of the.'
.\ai, would be $10.20. Any one
mid see how niue!; that would
?ave in the use of ten tons. It is a
nintake to claim that farmers eau
tot mix fertilizers well enough for
ill practical purposes.
Two lively hand* can mix, re
tack and weigh live tons a day,
md they can do the work so well
hat there will be 110 appreciable
I inference between thai and the ma
:hine mixed goods.
Now is the time to put out onion
els. We can furnish you with
Tim mons ?fe Morgan.
xml | txt