(?i?tnt ^twnpnytv ?n jtoth Carolina
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 12,1913
OF HISTORIC VALUE.
Speech of Preston Brooks Upon
the Granting of Pension to
Mrs. Mary Tillman cf
Editor of the Edgefield Advertiser,
Edgefield, S. C.
Dear Mr. Mimn: Having had oc
casion recently to look np Press
Brooks' speech on the pension to
Mary E. Tillman, and thinking pos
sibly you might like to reprint it in
the Advertiser, I send you here
with a copy. Her husband was
my second cousin. My brother
Thomas, the efdest of our family,
was killed at the battle of Churu
busco two weeks after I was born,
and the four Tillman names are on
the Palmetto Monument at the State
House Grounds in Columbia. One
of Mary Tillman's sons was in an
Alabama regiment, and of course
-his name is not on the Palmetto
I hope you are well these days.
Yen siueerely yours,
B. R. Tillman.
From the Congressional Globe of April
16, 1856. v
MRS. KARY E. TILLMAN.
Mr. Olive , of New York, from
the Commit ee on Invalid Pensions,
reported a bill for the re,:ef of Ma
ry E. Tillman, which was read a
first and- se- nd time by its title.
Mr. Brooda. Mr. Speaker. I beg
the indulgei?eeof the House to make
a few reniaiexplanatory of the
merits of this hill. The bill itself
is the uuanimoas report of the com
mittee to which was referred the
petition of Mrs. Mary E. Tillman,
a resident of my district, who when
the requisition was made on the
State of South Carolina for troops
for theMexjf m war, gave to the
...service ofJtef conn try,, every mem:,
ber of TieTfamily at the time capa
ble of bearing arms. They were
three high-t '..ed, spirited sons, and
the husband of her bosom.
All went, but not one returned to
dry a mother's tears, with the story
of the gallantry of her soldier boys.
The bones of one now lie at
Saltillo, an..tiier fell at Jai ipa, the
father was buried beside the castle
walls of Perote, and the last reach
ed the goal at once of his earthly
career and of his youthful ambi
tion, at thc capital of Mexico.
With a strange and crushing fa
tality, about the very time that this
harvest of sorrow was ripening ror
tbiswomanina foreign land, her
only remaining son, in the dis
charge of dude? which he was
too young to perform, and which
were devolved upon him in
consequence of the absence of his
older brothers, by a fall froin his
horse bec<tme the victim of confirm
ed paralysis. This lady is thus left
in the decline of Hie, with a help
leis child and an infant daughter de
pendent upon her personal exer
tions for their and her own sup
This is the narrative of her peti
tion, and upon it she builds the
hope that her country will remem
ber her sacrifices, and requite her
services. By the laws of nature,
and of regulated society, the t ser
vices of a minor are due to itu pa
rent; and we, who are the Repre
sentatives of the country which has
been benefited by the exertions o?
the children, ought not and wil!
not forget the obligation we o We
In support of the facts set forth
in the petition, it b* my misfortune
to be witness in chief. Those whom
the petitioner gave to the service of
her country were ray immediate
neighbors and friends. One of her
sons volunteered in the Alabama
regiment, and in the company com
manded by his uncle, Captain Gri
man. The father and two other
sons enrolled in my company and
were muttered into the service of
the United States at, Charleston,
and under my command.
Considerations of personal ai
tachment might, possibly d:d, in
fluence them in j ?ming the army.
But, sir, vhe love of our friends is
after ali but another name forth?
love of om- country; for he-who is
inoapable of the lirst, will be surely
found recreant in the hour of his
The interest I take in the passage
of this bill for the relief of their
widowed mother is but a poor re
flection of the friendship borne lo
myself by her noble sons: but it
constrains me to do that for he
which she will not do for herself.
She appeals not to your charity, but
to your magnanimity. I appeal t<>
both. I come before yea begging
for bread for the widow and the
fatherless. She comes in confi
dence and dignity, as the Mother
of this modern Gracchi, and de
mands tli3t her name shall be in
scribed in honor upon the statutes
of her eonfUry.
The pittance of eight dollars pe?*
month, which is all that is granted
by the bill, is less coveted by this
lady than the olficial and recorded
acknowledgement of her service to
the State; and yet, sir, because a
few dollars are involved-a sum
less than a single hundred foran
entire year-apprehension is ex
pressed lest the precedent may
prove dangerous in the future.
Never since this Government was
established has a claim identical
with the peculiar circumstances of
this been presented to the consider
ation of Congress. In all human
probability another like it will nev
er be presented, and if it should
be, then those of us who admire
the example of this mother,-those
of us who, in our country's extremi
ty, would hold up her heroism as a
precedent for every American moth
er to follow, will but obey an hon
orable instinct, and subserve the
best interests of our respective con
stituents, when we follow the pre
cedent, which I trust is this day to
Mr. Speaker, there is a golden
mean in virthe itself. Prudence
may be pushed so far is to partake
of the infirmities of fear, and con
stitutional construction in regard to
the disbursement of pub
lic moneys may become so rigid as
?to prejudice public virtue by its im
I itation of the meanness of avarice.
It would be difficult to point out
the line," or theSection.' Vn1 the'arti
cle of the Constitution which au
thorizes the purchase of the paint
ings which embellish this Capitol;
but, sir, public contempt would
wither the wretch who, by his vote,
would convert into filthy lucre th it
i portrait of the savior of Ins coun
try, (pointing toa portrait of Wash
ington,) or that of him his chosen
disciple, (pointing to the portrait
of La Faye tte.)
Money, sir, is neither the weal th
nor strength of a State. V"irtue,ge
nius, knowledge, courage, patriot
ism! these are its treasures, com
pared with which, in their influence ?
apon popular sentiment, gold-gold j
is even worse than dro.-s.
"Ill fares the land, to hastening ills
Where wealth accumulates and men ;
Three centuries ago, when border i
fends were oom mon, a maiden born
jou the shore of Lake C-Misiance had
?gone to seek her fortune in Switzer- j
laud, and learning by accident, in;
the family in which she AMS domes- !
ticated, that au assault was intend- ,
ed upon her native village, under
thecoverof night she took a horse
and swain the current, of the Rhine,
and by her timely warning saved
her birth-place and people from
sack and slaughter. All equestrian
monument was erected to her hon
or. hm, her heroism is to this day
commemorated by a memorial more
touching. Each night as the watch-1
mau ?roes his round, when the hour
of midnight arrives, he calls aloud
the name of her who three hundred
years before, awoke the sleeping
inhabitants and rescued them from
?langer. The historian appropri
ately says, that the fame and mem
ory of that girl has given a tone
and spirit to the youth of that lit
tle town, which is worth in it* de
fense a battallion of armed men. 1
bat repeat the story; it is for the
gentlemen of the House to make
It is proper that I should state
that the petitioner has already re
ceived the bonn Ly of the Govern
ment; but these allowances cease j
on the 4-lb. o:' March next, when, j
uiilcsstiiisb.il passes, she will be
thrown upon thc cold charities of!
the world. J have slated her eas?- ?
with as much brevity as a Cull un- j
derslanding of herclaim would per
mit, and i uow appeal to every gen
(.lemon who heats me, tu yield to j
the generous iinpui ?s which now
swe'.i their bosom.?, to univ! with
me in passing this bill with a unan-j
CONTINUED ON PAGE 3.
Miss Frances Strother Entertain
ed in Honor of Her Cousin,
Miss E! Strother of
There was a round of social
affairs during the past week, and
?.ach was marked with much pleas
ure beauty and enjoyment.
On Monday evening Miss Fran
ces Strother entertained a congenial
party of friends, the honoree being
lier cousin. Miss Eloise Strother, of
Walhalla. The hostess made the
time pass happily, and during the
latter part of the evening served
On Wednesday evening, Miss
Eloise Strother was again compli
mented, Mrs. Herbert P^idson ar
ranging a progressive party for her.
This beautiful colonial home is an
ideal place for a social gathering
and the lower floor was thrown to
gether and was made more attract
ive with foliage plants, and vases of
fragrant Howers. At the conclusion
of the contest game, Miss Angeli
Andrews held the highesl score and
to Mr. Willie Youce fell the con
solation. Sweets, with two kinds of
cake were served.
Mrs. Frances Williams entertain
ed the Pi Tau club on Thursday af.
ternoon, and besides the regular
members her other guests wero
Mesdames M. T. Turner, Chas. F.
Pecbinan, O. D. Biack and J. Lucas
Walker. Music and s..cial chat oc
cupied the time, and before the de
parture an elaborate salad course
was served, and tea, *ith lemon
was poured from a handsome silver
service, and mints were passed.
Miss Orlena Cartledge wa* hos
tess for a number of her friends on.
Friday afternoon, and this merry
band of winsome youug maidens
made thc hours -joyousP one* vrith
bright social chat and music. A
salad course with sweets was serv
Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Boat wright
entertained v^tth an elaborate dining
the first ol' the week al their home
Mrs. James White gave an ele
gant 0 o'clock dinner on Friday
evening, complimentary to the
teachers uf the high school, a few
other fr.ends also being invited. An j
invitation to this home is a guaran
tee for pleasure and enjoyment, and
the hours passed in this hospitable
horne fulfilled the expectations.
Dinner was served upon a beautiful
ly appointed table in six courses.
Upon the return to the parlor a
puzzle contest afforded amusement
and later on a musical program was
On Sunday evening, February
16. at ilse Baptist church, Rev.
.loues, of Wi J liston, will preach
i. ie anuu d K. .>!* P. : e iu< n
Misses Sara Sawyer amt Myrtia
Smith are visiting thc former's sis
ter, .Mrs. Thomas Willis, at Wil
Ou the evening of the 20V.), Prof.
Warchaup, of Columbia, will <?ive
an illustrated Shakespearean ad
dress, coining through invitation of
the Mew Century Club, and each
member will have the privilege of
bringing a friend.
Mr. (). H. McMillan, an attorney
of .Mullins and member of the House
of Representatives, together with
his wife and little daughter, spent
last week-end here the guests of his
sister, Mrs. H. D. Grant.
Mrs. P. N. Lott and Mrs. Els
beth Smyly have been sick during
the past week.
Mrs. Harry H am i'.ton and little
son, left last Friday for their home
at Middlebrook, Va. Her stay here
has been a great pleasure to all lier
Mr. Ollie Hamilton, who has been
the guest of his sister. Mrs. W.
Allen Mobley, returned on Friday
io his home in Virginia, stopping
over in Columbia to .^ee the corn
Among llie visitors to Columbia
during the latter part of the week
were Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Lott, .Mis
ses (.'lara and Gladys Sawyer, Klisu
('..mch, Mallie Waters, Nina Oasts,
Orietia Cartledge, Mr. neil Mis. \V. !
L. Coleman, Mr. and Mrs. ll. W. j
Crouch; Mr. ano Mrs. S. .i. V. ?uscm, ;
.M. T. Turner. Wallace Punier, .1. |
Howard Payne, -I. ?J. Bartley, C.
I). Kenny, J. P. Hoyt, F. M. War
ren. Oscar Wright. E. C.aridfW-.'
L. Cul breath, W. C. Derrick, Dr. \
Charles P. Corn, Mr. and Mrs. J. |
Wf Marsh. Mr*. J. H. White, Mrs.
A. P. Lewis, Mr. and Mrs. Jobi
Wright, Mrs. Alice Cox. Mrs. J. L
Derrick, Mr. and Mis. E. 3. DA sh
er, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Browne.
Miss Sallie .May Nicholson visit
ed Miss Daisy Brooking ton tin.*
"On The Wing" Our Mission
aries Bid Farewell to South
Dear Jule:- Whom do you sup
pose I thought of when I whirled
into Charleston this afternoon and
whizzed in an automobile past, the
Citadel? By the way, I am to speak
at the Citadel Tuesday and at the
Citadel Square church Wednesday.
It is a long time since you aod I
werp cadets there, more than a quar
ter bf a century since I entered the
rat" class.1 aren't you glad you are
younger than that?
After three days with my wife's
relatives at Walterboro, we are to
spend three days in Charleston,
when we are to. speak three times,
and then it is good bye South Caro
lina-though not good bye "South
Carolina!" She and I leave next
Thursday nigh' making a brief stop
in Richmond, spending two week
(doctors orders) in the sanitarium
at Clifton Springs, N. Y., and sail
ing March 6, from New York for
Chipa. We are entitled,' you know,
to ray in this country six months
longer and rest, and our H nal de
cision to sail in March was nut
reached until this week when we!
learned that our friends, Mr. and
MIA. Snuggs were not going back.
With our mission's ranks deleted
by several recent deaths, and with
Mr. and Mrs. Snuggs kept in this
country, we ave not willing to stay
here ?pd rest.
? had promised to be at Bates
burg and near. by. points next week,
but^ule and cancelled the engage?
m'^Pliti?iveiliad--visions' of accept
ing invitations to preach at Saluda,
Sardis, Bold Spring, Ridge Spring,
Clark's Hill, the mill church. Au
gusta ant,! ever so many places in
the south, besides long standing in
vitations to preach, in their lan
guage, to UK- Chinese in Chicago,
Huston, New ?" 'en and other
northern cities, . i get to New
York and Brooklyn .ind besides my
lung bc ped fur visit tu uur own
Tum Lanham in Obiu. How sorry
1 was to hear that his visit lu Edge
lield was cut shun! He would li ive
done a wonderful work in the Edge
held association daring the fine |
weather of these recent we;-ks. li. is
hard to see, sometimes, how the
guud Lord li-is our. platts for Him
go awry, yul Wc kuuw that ile call
overrule il all.
So it is farewell for a few mor;'
years, seven of eight. Who cm
keep fruin wondering what changes
shall be wrought in that time? Ii
we are spared lo come bark, who of
our friends uni loved om-s will be
spared to welcome ti*? The graves
in the fast uidcnin? cemetery-the
graves of our own people- gives
madness unutterable to th;- question.
But yet the same God is ?ti Edge
field and in China, and He will
watch between us and you while we
are absent from one another.
Our love to you-tu you two -to
you all-to all.
Your devoted friend,
On January in spite of th.
rain, quite a large number ?rf leg
islators ?nd friends spent the day
at Winthrop. The morning wm
spent, in inspecting the building. lu
the afternoon a concert was given
bv members of the faculty and stu
dent body. Just before leaving thc
legislators persuaded Dr. Johnson
tu give us holiday ihu next day.
'Piiis was quite a surprise Lo us and
a'together a pleasant one.
K'ceutly Mrs. Charlotte Perkins
Gilman leccui'tftl in uur ?iud ? turi um.
She lectured on "Equality of I! i
maiiity" and made it a very iuter
i)r. Jijiihsoii ar ra ii ?red t>> take the
IV i nib rup girls lo iii . cuni expos;
lion ??II Munday hebruary '?>? About
5?U girls A'cnl.
Dr. Walter V ige, editor of the
World's tVuric, ts engaged t > ?ir
tare here soon.
K.'.'d Miller; the f.re.-'i-; leuor.
\v Ii" was in Anderson, wi.,
ii vc'a culled there mouth.
GREAT CORN EXPOSITION.
Twenty--even States Have Spe
cial Exhibits. Many Depart
ments and Scores of
Tlie editor of The Advertiser
made a hurried visit to the Corn
Exposition last week, and we are in
a quandary to know what features
should be presented in the space
which has been set apart for this
purpose. There are so many depart
ments, each of which-deserves spe
cial mention, that we are at a los-i
to know where to begin or where
to end in ?riving a bird's-eye view
of the exposition.
At the outset, we will say that to j
refer to the great exposition simply
as a corn show, as is commonly
done, is a misnomer and misleading.
Those who are not informed as to
the scope and comprehensive char
acter of the great exposition receive
the erroneous impression from this j
name that it is merely a display of
corn and is not worth attending. In
point of fact, this great annuli oc
casion is a national farmers' insu
lute, as well as corn exposition, in j
which agriculture in all of its
phases is magnified and dignified,
placing thu sci en ti ric tilling of the ?
soil along with the so-called higher 1
Corn Crowned I^ing.
'Corri, corn, everywhere," and
not a grain or ear can be had unless
it is stolen. Of course, the exposi
tion is primarily for the display and
study of corn, but after crowning
this cereal King due attention is
given to other crops and products
of the soil. Tile exposition affords
an opportunity for the study of the
many different varieties of corn,
some of which South Carolinians j t
had never seen before. It also shows 11
to wren -rx amt. hom...-.;-/ U reflexed
the newly crowned King in each
state-what? stales compose the
Corn Belt and have the largest part
in feeding humanity atid, incidental
ly, causing pellagra. Corn is the
great universal crop of America 1?
In some stales colton can nut be ?li
produced, in some fruits can noe bc 11
grown, in some hay is not profita-j n
ble, in some stock raising is suc
cessful, in some the smaller ce
reals are not planted, but in all of
the +8 slate the soil ?s adapted to
I thu successful cultivation of com.
I And best of all is the fact that mod
est lillie South Carolina, although ! i
I liol in the Corn Heit, holds theil
j world's record for the larges: yield ; !
! on an acre. j y
Exhibits by Slates. j |
Making a tour of tho great steel '
structure which houses the oxposi- M
lion, around which tho twenty-odd IJ
stale booths are arranged, is like I1
visiting miniature agricultural fairs
in all of these slates. Aided by the j
several managers in attendance, 11
who willingly ?ind very courteously ji
aus wer all questions, visitors learn ;
much abbut agrien S lure and agnoul- :
tura! conditions in these stales. In- j:
formation concerning these states i
can be gained at the exposition in ali
few hours and at a small cost that 11
would require several months and al:
large outlay ol' money to visit the
annual fairs from Texas to Wash-j
ington on the extreme northern
Pacific coast. A study of ihe slate
exhibits alone makes it worth while
to altuud the exposition.
Incidentally, it may be noted that
the stale of Virginia holds a con
spicuous and honorable place arnon?; ' :
the booths. After pointing out Hie
products of the soil of the "Mother 11
of Presidents," which consista <>i ?
corn, wheal, oats, tobacco and Ins
cious fruils, the manager then j i
points with pardonable pride to
"Another Product of Virginia," i
a large [Hirirait of President-elect 11
Woodron Wilson. i
The heart of every loyal South j
Carolinian is made lo thrill with h
pride at the splendid display ol ! i
products of the Palmetto state. Ali ! I
honor lo Coinmissioiior E. J. \V..i- i
sou lor the very effective display. ;
Aa Army ot Government Excites. \
Oue thing licit eau not fail to im
pres.- the observing person who at
tends the exposition is thc very
great interest which tue national
government is laking in improviii:
agricultural con li lions through.",
j the country. The bi.: men .il ll.
Ifield of th?: department III Was
I ington spent several days al tm1 ?
! posit;.m .nul the sta'.i- agents au
I county agents, together with ma.
my of scientists and exoerm, ?ere
constantly on hand. ?Such subjects
is dairying, stock raising, seed se
ilet ion, conservation of the soil,
drainage, trucking, crop rotation,
fertilization, preservation of the
forests, etc., were presented in va
rioiisjways. Through conference?
and lectures, occasionally illustrated
lectures, these specialists readied an
intelligent element of the citizen
ship of this and other states in a
way that will hear fruit. As stated
before, we regard this annual occa
sion a? a great national fanners' in
stitute, this feature being of gieater
traine than that of merely ex
hibiting farm products.
The object lesson in rural im
provement work elicited much fa
vorable comment. No one could
ook upon tlie model farm, the ideal
country community in miniature,
md other equally as effective ob
ied lessons without receiving a new
inspiration and catching a new vis
on. There is no way of estimating
.he educational value of such work.
Fhe pity is that the great masses of
he citizenship of South Carolina
10 not catch thc inspiration, in
.heir indifference those who most
?eed such instruction and object
essons remain away.
In the state exhibits and thronerh
>ut the exposition as a whole the
mportance of stock raising on the
arm was stressed. First the impor
;ance of growing a snilieiency of
"ced was shown and then the need
>f having an abundance of thorough
bred stock to consume the hay,
yrain, etc., instead of putting these
iroducts directly on the market.
Clie impoverished soils, particularly
11 the south, need humus and vege
able matter which can best be sup
died by barnyard manure. Through
ipecial exhibits here and there
hroughout tbe fair and through^^^j
'Xper.ts, thc importance of keepjjj^
XQ abundance, of stock on t?c farmWWBI
vas cffectivelv demonstrated."''Some'
nay say this feature does not prop
rly belong to a corn show. Strictly
peaking it does not, yet it serves
0 illustrate how all-embracing the
-real exposition is. Furthermore, it
tears out the statement that to call
i. simply a 'corn show" is a misno
Another department in which
ve; v progr?s: ive farmer cou d
?rofitably spend several 'cours is
baud' the agricultural implements.
!-re < vcry implement, machine or
abursaving device that is needed
ti modernly equipping a farm can .?'
> . seen. Almost every plow, planter,
nrrnw, fertilizer distributor, har
vester and motor drtven i?'.ipleineac
i ii i> in practical use is not only
m display at the exposition hut
Lhere is a practica! operator or ma
.hinist on hand to explain its iner
ts and method of operation.
Intelligence of Vultors. v
As a rule one secs al agricultural
fairs a gay, giddy, gabbing throng,
ih-' majority ol the attendants being
vonny people v. ho are pleasure bent.
Such is nor. the case with a Nation?
d Corn Exposition. Here one does
not have lu bc particularly observ
ing to notice thai practically all of
the visitors are intelligent, thought
ful, sober minded men and women
who arc seeking rca! prolit or bene
fit rather than pleasure. One not in
frequently observes visitors taking
note*, jotting down for future use
Lhe result of an experiment, some
chemical analysis or a statement of
in expert. When these intelligent
men return to their homes with
their m m tal horizons broadened
with their enlarged store of infor
mation-with intensified zeal and
increased enthusiasm fOr their life1?
work-with a new vision of the pos
sibilities of Agriculture, not only
will more progressive methods be
idopted on their individual farms
but many rural communities will be
infused willi new lite.
When these things are taken hi
lo account, it causes all lhe more
rejoicing ainons those who are ac
tively interested in thc agricultural
ipbiiildiiig of South Carolina that
he great exposition was held wiih
I) reach ol' our ;>'";>!<' The Ad ver
.iser predicts that a new era will
lawn in the <>ld l'ai; etto state, the
:orn exposition of 10U? marking
he chantre from the old to thc new
1 ?.spells ilion.
The exp 'silion li :s i> on an asset
d inestimable value to South Caro
ma, and, think <>: ii, Lb--achieve
neills ol one model lad, Jerr.\
Moon-, made I li ? hohl:*? ol the
?rival show in ibis state [Ovsiblc.
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