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How Does B
The following essay won first
prize in the essay contest that has
been conducted by the Woman's
Christian Temperance Union, the
author being Miss Mamie Morgan,
a pupil of the Morgan school which
is being taught by Mr. C. M. Mel
One of the most encouraging
points towards the downfall of the
"Demon of drink" is that our busi
ness men are awakening to the fact
that alcohol is a foe to the best
business interests of our country
and that they should co-operate
with the temperance workers in
their efforts to stamp out this evil.
We regard the men in the busi
ness world as being raeu with level
heads, deep thought and foreseeing
eyes, who are able to consider well
the past and present with its bear
ing upon the future.
Instances may be duplicated in
business circles and show clearly
that business men recognize total
abstinence as one of the essentials
for good woikin all the departments
The best brains,the clearest intellect
and the most perfect command of
all the faculties are required in the
work to-day and anything less than
this is inviting disaster. There is no
theory to this sentiment; it is hard
bitter experience which the busi
ness world is learning rapidly.
Business, like science has no con
cern with traditions of the food and
stimulant value of alcohol. The one,
fact is clear to a business man who
wishes to get employees and that is
the man with an alcoholic breath
has an impaired mentality and con
trol of his brain power; that the
man with the alcoholic breath is
not trustworthy. He is incapable and
in some unknown way he will'fail
to meet the requirements of the
A great defalcation in a bank
may cause widespread disaster
which was directly traceable to the
man who was a frequent user of al
cohol who managed its affairs.
Business ii-lerests are aiding in
the prohibai,-ii of liquor most
effectually; medical men and stu
dents of science are lending a hand
and now athletes may also be con-J
sidered a foe to the traffic.
It seems that it took them a long
tine to make-a strong -stand on the
liquor question but now that a de
cision has been made we fet? sure
that their convictions are deep root
ed and sure to bring forth good fruit
in due season.
The preachers condemn piinci
pally the effect alcohol has upon the
morals of the country; the physi
cians, upon the health, the mothers
upon the home, but the business
kian considers all these, for that
which affects morals, health, and
home affects his business also. The
business world regards the liquor
trade for beverage purposes violation
of every law of God. Tuat it has no
right to do, and to-day it is in thu
air that business parties are falling
over each other and are inextricably
tangled in their efforts t<< prove that
each excels the other in desire and
methods to serve society by makinjr
The business of the world has
proved that it is a great thins: to
become a total abstainer and a great
thing to reform a drunkard, but it
is equally necessary to any Christian ?
to shut up the drunkard making
shop and every institution that de
grades and debauches men. The
business man condemns the use of
alcohol for many reasons; those who
look after the business of the state
condemn it because through its use
directly or indirectly, a great num
ber of persons are placed in the
hands of the state at the insane
asylum. The poor houses are largely
supplied from the ranks of the
-drinkers. A large per cent of those
arraigned in the criminal courts at
tribute their crime to the influence
of intoxicating liquors, a consider
able portion of ignorance among the
people is to some extent caused by the
use of alcohol. It burdens the state
.with the necessity of keeping a much
larger force of peace officers that
otherwise would bc necessary and
when the saloon men are prating to
voters about the vast good done by
license money they forget to tell
how much Lt costs to support the
magistrates, the courts and the jails!
The making, selling or using of
intoxicating beverages is a wrong
against the welfare of any country
and the mistake of the state is in
backing up the drinker instead of
the drink. Our railroad officials and
other men ; who have to employ
young men to fill important posi
tions refuse to employ drinkers and
the cauBe of so many accidents on
railroads are due to the fact that
some of the men are users of spirits
unknown to ?their officials;
these facts are coming into the
e of Alcohol?"
business world so sharply and so
clearly that there is no doubt and
no question about them.
One of the most important ques
tions asked a person applying for a
life insurance policy is "Do you
drink?" which shows the strong
disapproval of the ase of alcohol
by the insurance business men; they
know that if they use alcohol
their hearts must be weakened on
account of overwork caused by
these strong drinks, so they cannot
have the privilege of joining this
company just on account of the
harm that alcohol has done or will
Even the men who deal in in
toxicating liquors object to their
employees using it because they
know that they will neglect their
duties if their brains are confused
by this poisonous stuff.
The merchauts and others who
depend upon the money in circula
tion among the masses of the peo
ple object to its use because it not
only curtails the wage earning pow
er of the user but causes the money
to flow in illegitimate channels.They
know that if they employ men who
drink they will do more harm
than good in adding to t'ueir income.
The farmer condemns its use for
many reasons but the greatest rea
son is that it demoralizes labor; he
finds that with very moderate drink
ing that he drinks the value of an
acre of good land every year.
One of the best illustrations of
Ithe opinion of our beot business
men and their disapproval of the
use of alcohol is their spontaneous
rising up last spring all over the
county to keep out the dispensary
and now prohibition is in the air.
We hope that the work will go
on until every son of the Republic
can march to the ballot boxes and
under an avalanche of free men's
ballots bury beyond resurrection
the American saloon, for no brewer
or saloon keeper or distiller any
where will stand up before his fel
low citizens and make the claim
that the traffic is a good thing for
business or society. The business
world regards gilded saloons as the
thing th t lures the boys and girls
A nation's business and rules can
only be truly measured by the tem
perate habits of the peonle compos
ing it,and nature has never perpetua
ted a nation whose people are given
to gluttony and intemperance and
she never will.
So long as this wholesale use of
intoxicant continues to increase
we shall experience nothing but de
generacy and consequent declining
m all of our business affairs.
All of the business men of the
county will stand up together and
make a vow that while they have a
vote or a voice, that they are against
the use of alcohol any time or any
where because our whole nation is
impoverished,pulled down and male
sorrowful from its effects.
In every trade, skilled or unskill
edj the steady, sober man has a
much better show for employment
than the man who is addicted to
the use of intoxicating liquors, be
cause the business world regards
business men as being men with
steady and well trained minds.
American business men have not
waited fur physicians to tell them
that alcohol drinking impairs men
tal and muscular work. They have
learned this from observation and
experience. It is clear that in busi
ness circles if you want to become
reliable, trustworthy and expert
helpers you must guard against this
injurious alcohol habit.
One of the really printable ones
comes from a Methodist pastor in
1 A friend of mine conceived the
idea that the presiding elder was
prejudiced against him-this was
manv years ago. My friend had
been shifted to a small and scatter
ed sc'tlement and he felt that he
shou':d have been sent to a more
pron;; lent position. I reminded
him that he fhould not be dissatis
* lin ?i uer, I said, you should pray
that you may see the hand of the
Lord in your appointment to the
little ch :rch."
* I have, brother, he replied, a
little bitterly. Time and again I
have prayed to the Lord that I
might see His hand in it- -but every
time I l.-oked up all I could see
was the big paw of that presiding
elder." -Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"So you are on your way to pro
pose lo Miss Pickelle?" "You
bet! Wish nie luck." Oh, I wish
you luck all right but it won't do
you a bit of good; I feel sure she is
going to accept you."-Houston
EXCELLENT TIME FOR LAYING
Not Advisable to Have Pullets Pro
ducing Eggs Before October
Cold Weather Hinders.
Many poultry raisers believe that
the sooner pullets start laying the
greattr the financial returns will be,
but this is not always the case. It is
not advisable to have pullets laying
before October at the earliest, except
in the few cases where winter eggs
are not wanted. If the birds start lay
ing earlier than October the cold
weather comes around, and probably
will not start again until the winter
is nearly over. If they start laying
by July or August, as very, early
hatched puHets sometimes do, they
usually moult in the fall and do not
lay again until February. But it ls
equally bad if they do not start laying
by the middle of November, as they
probably will not start in until the end
of January at the earliest and perhaps
not until the end of February or the
beginning of March.
The time the pullets are hatched
has more to do with the time they
start laying than anything else,
but the system of feeding has consid
erable to do with It also. If pullets
are maturing too quickly they should
receive free range and be fed only
once a day, about 3 or 4 o'clock In the
afternoon being the best time. The
food should be only dry grain, and
oats are about as good as anything
for the purpose. As soon as the early
pullets freely receive nutritious foods
they start laying.
USE WHEELBARROW SEEDER
Implement ls Hitched to Harrow by
Means of Rope Attached to Pipo
-Saves One Operation.
This makes a handy way to use ?
wheelbarrow seeder behind a harrow.
I used a four-section .harrow with lt
and lapped what the seeder didn't
cover each time. I harrowed around
the field to avoid turning short
around, writes O. S. Newberry of
Meade, Kan., In the Farmers' Mall
and Breeze. I simply tied a chain
behind the harrow as far as the seed
er went, then followed this mark next
time so as to cover all the ground
with the seeder. A piece of pipe le
wired to the levers on the harrow and
Seeder Runs Behind.
the seeder handles loosely rest a??
this pipe, but a, stick is placed over ,
them and wired to the pipe so as not ?
to allow too much free play. The j
eeeder is hitched to the harrow by
means of a rope attached to the pipe
from the center of the seeder to allow
it to follow the harrow in turning.
DAIRY COWS ON SMALL FARM
Where No Considerable Amount ol
Live Stock Is Kept Animals Are
of Much importance.
Dairying should be a justifiable
factor in the operations of every
quarter section farm from the stand
point of balancing the farm work.
On small farms where no consider
able amount of live stock can be
kept for growth or for sale fat, the
dairy herd can not be dispensed with
unless the farmer is so well fixed
that he does not need a winter busi
ness which has the ability to convert
his time and labor into cash.
The dairy herd has an important
place to fill in the prosperity of ev
ery quarter section farm and we are
very sure that our statement applies
to all general farms under this size
Gain on Meat Rations.
The New Toak experiment station
found that cockerels fed meat gained
56^ per cent, more weight, and such
pullets laid eight weeks earlier than
those without meat, but otherwise on
a similar diet.
Meat-fed ducks were out of sight of
those deprived of lt. Again the ex
periment was tried with a more care
ful attention to a supply of mineral
matter for those without meat, and it
was found vegetable protein could
largely take the place of meat in case
of chickens, but not with ducks.
Desidable Seed Ears.
The best ears of corn have the butta
well rounded cut with well-Bhaped ker
nels. Ears having straight rows of
kernels and a medium size shank are
desirable. The cob should be of me
dium size and of a deep color. The
kernels should be deep and firm on
the cob, medium wedge shaped, have
a deep color, and contain large, bright
Good Dalry Farmer.
A good dairy farmer has been de
scribed as "a good general farmer
plus the love of cowa." This is a good
definition, because the man who does
not have a fondness for cattle, and
who does not find some satisfaction
in caring for them seldom turns out
to be a very capable and prosperous
Slobber In Moreen.
Cabbage will sometimes cure slob* j
ber in horses, caused by eating white
clover; but it la better to keep th? j
clover away from the horses. |
In every depar
lat* novelties of tl
Men's Wear Depi
We ri : e handling thr
McK- nne\ - hi rt W ru
the natue on v?ch si
enouyh s;iid Starting
w ? rd an trw. ?rani cole
Men's W V 1) under
I n this* > !(.! a n rn ern 1
v\ e '?nfl behind ext i \
know w hat MI sire se
sind misses nxr??rd?* an
r?nd inns. menean
Cab's patterns earrit fi
In 1 ices and embroil
b??uglit, collating ot ?.
flouncing. Our line c
and ue can please the
COST OF BUILDING CREAMERY
One Must First Figure on Expense and
Then on Equipment-Pays
to Build Well.
(By G. A. GILBERT. Colorado Agricul
Creamery builders must figure the
cost, first, of the building, Becond, of
the equipment. A suitable and con
venient building will contain a main
work room, store room, refrigerator,
engine and boiler room, coal room and
an office. Such a medium sized cream
ery would measure 28x48 feet. In
some sections labor and material are
&uch cheaper than in others and the
l^jt-varies accordingly. However, we
can place the limit of cost of such a
construction between one thousand
and fifteen hundred dollars.
Where only gathered cream is re
ceived the equipment required is less
than where whole milk is received. lu
the first instance, of the gathered
cream plant, the following would be
necessary: 15 H. P. boiler; 10 H. P.
engine; a well and pump; weigh can
and scales; Babcock testing equip
ment complete; combiner churn, capa
city 600 lbs. butter; buttermilk vat;
cream ripener; starter can; wash sink.
Besides this there will be shafting,
pulleys, piping, belting, etc. By mak
ing two churnings a day in the rush
season, 1,200 pounds of butter could be
manufactured per day in a plant of
this size. The cost of equipment would
approximately be $1,200.
The total cost of a creamery with
out artificial refrigeration will vary
from $2,200 to $3,000. In the long run
lt pays to build well and to use first
class equipment in a creamery, and
this is the basis of the foregoing fig
ures. In many cases on record cream
eries started by promoters of repre
sentatives of construction companies
have cost exhorbitant prices and out
of all proportion to the business they
are able to do.
NECESSARY FOR TOOL SHOP
One Essential ls Water and in Re
ceptacle Large Enough for All
Needs-Tub ls Best.
Wherever the farmer has his own
blacksmith shop, it ls almost neces
sary to have water handy, and have it
tn a vessel large enough for the needs
ot the shop. The half barrel makes
i very good vessel for this purpose.
The half of a common coal oil barrel
will make a very good tub. The
notches, shown in the illustration,
form good supports for the wagon
Water Tub for Shop.
wheels when cooling the set tires,
rho notches will also be found haudy
for other purposes about the tub, such
ia keeping tongs, lays, etc., from slip
ping to the bottom of the tub when
tment we are now
ie season for your in?
n yMu see
ii rt that is
at 5or up
>rs and fit.
wt-.ir in all
?Mri h ..<.
i^c in light
I al? t
? . N . ? -i
j .! in
that has be
new goods t
w^ek as the
es, Oxfords and Pur
i\e hanoi' them directly from t
pair wt* s<-ll as they are marl
Mini* . Men ai d bovs oxfords
tl pumps in white canvas, pate
lady corsets models for figure
I in st? ck, Buster Brown hos?
rleries WP have the largest st
.d?es, bandings and 27- and
>f unite and colored wash goc
: most fastidious.
-J^LS^i--ITT?' , !' ?-: v.jLlL:., -:-Hr?
3et upright to cool.
When Soils Cease to Produce.
The trouble with soils when they
cease to produce as they did when
new is not that the elements of plant
food arc actually exhausted from the
soil, but the necessaary forces for the
liberation are exhausted. One of
these forces is bacteria. It is esti
mated that in the common soil there
are 150,000,000 bacteria to the ounce.
These bacteria must have for their
food, humus, then they will liberate
food for the growth of plants. To be
a good farmer one needs to grow le
gumes and other cover crop plant3
to turn under for humus, and to en
courage these beneficial bacteria to
perform their functions in the soil.
Fattening Market Fowls.
To fatten poul ry for market, re
prove them from the yards and place,
without overcrowdiug, in a coop which
should be provided with a canvas cov
er to draw down and keep the In
mates in darkness. Do not feed for
about six hours after placing in the
coop, and then feed all they will eat
Peed three times a day, and keep
fresh water and a basiu of grain al
ways before them.
Attention t? Colts' Feet
Don't forget to give the colt's feet
attention. Now is when the set of
limbs is determined. There is always
a reason for a poor set cf limbs. It
may be hereditary, but it is generally
carelessness on the part of the owner
who did not keep his feet trimmed
down level with the frog. A colt's
feet are continually breaking off and
splitting if they are not attended to
Treating Nail Woun
One who has tried it say* it the
most successful treatment that he has
found for nail wounds In horses' feet
is to clean the wound and pour full of
hot tallow or lard. This seems to
give very little pain, and one treat
ment generally cures.
Milk that makes gassy curds is usu
ally dirty. Clean milk and clean Uten
sils will never produce gassy curds
King of Externals
Is the Original in the
field of external rem
edies for all forms of
inflammation such as
pneumonia, croup and
colds. Nothing can
approach Gowans, It
We have been selling ^Gowans
Preparation lor Pneumonia and
Colds ever since it was put on th*
market, and have found it one of
our most satisfactory sellers. ,
CARPENTER UROS., 1
Wholesale and Retail Druggists,
Greenville, S. C., July U, 1U10.
BUY TO-DAY! HAYE IT IN THE HOME
All Draitfsta. $1. 50e. 25?.
GOWAN MEDICAL CO.. >Z i
Cunnii td. ind noni? raf u?dsd bf rear arugtUt
ready with all the
mitment his steadily
. since we started it for
we have the correct
?, quality ^nd the trim
by an expert trimmer
en trained to trim ior
In season we receive
;wice and three times a
late styles come out in
:he manufacturers and
e up for us and we
in all leathers, ladies
nt leathers, gun metal
:s, none better. Mc
; for all.
occk we have ever
45 inch embroidered
)ds is most complete
e?eldf S. C.
L-ight Saw, Larhe and Shin
er Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En^
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts
and Pipes. WOOD S ATV S
Gins and Press Repairs.
It is a very serious matter to ask
for one medicine and have the
wrong one given you. For this
reason v/e urge you in buying to
be careful to get the genuine
The reputation of this old, relia
ble medicine, for constipation, in
digestion and liver trouble, is firm
ly established. It docs not imitate
other medicines. It is better than
others, or it would not be the fa
vorite liver powder, with a larger
sale than all others combined.
SOLD IN TOWN F2
Make the Old Suit
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press-'
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
WALLACE HARRIS PROP.
Seed Irish Potatoes.
We are now prepared to fill your
order f** " "d Irish potatoes such ag
Bliss xi.jmph, Irish Cobbler,
etc., of all kinds. We sell only the
Eastern grown potatoes that are
thoroughly reliable in every respect.
Penn <fc Holstein.
Cures Old Sores, Other Remedies ' Yt Cure.
Thc worst cases, no matter of how lu. ? standing,
arc cured by the wonderful, old .reliable Dr.
Porter's Antiseptic Healing Oil. It relieve?
Pain and Heals at the same time. 23c, 50c, $1.90