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METAL BOTTLE TOP REMOVER
Ordinary Table Fork Will Perform
Operation Witb Neatness and Dis
patch-Knife Also Used.
. Everybody ls familiar with the lit
tle metal tops used on bottles. But
the general opinion ls that a top can
not be removed without the aid of a
specially designed opener. A Phila
delphia man was recently confronted
with the problem of removing one of
these tops without the official instru
ment This is the way he did it: He
took an ordinary' table fork and
.placed one of the outside tines be
neath the edge of the cap. He then
Metal Top Remover.
took a knife and inserted the end of
the blade between the other outside
tine and the center one. By pressing
down on the knife handle he secured
Just the upward pull on the edge of
the crown top that is needed to dis
lodge it An ingenious and simple
GOOSE LAYING SEASON HERE
Advisable to Start Upon Small Scale
and Run Two Geese With Each
Gander"-Get Early Eggs.
One of the best seasons for pur
chasing geese is during the latter part
of the year, for then the birds have
a chance to settle down properly be
fore the laying season, which in the
case of geese begins at the end of
January. It is advisable to start
upon a small scale and to run two
geese to each gander. They should
be housed in roomy, dry floored quar
ters that are well ventilated without
being draughty. Use dry straw as lit
ter and renew frequently.
When the birds are of the right
type the young usually take after
them in this respect, but to assure
size it is necessary that early eggs
be produced, for'unless the young are
hatched early they have no time to
develop' before the cold days are en
countered. The way to produce early
eggs is to see that the birds are well
fed during the autumn, a time when
much of the natural food picked up
ls apt to be Bhort of nutriment
ONE PRACTICE IS WASTEFUL
By Burning Corn Stalks Farmer ls De
stroying His Land-Much Benefit
in Plowing Under.
(By B. E. LARA.)
It always makes me feel sad to see
the smoke rising from the burning
corn stalks in the field, because the
farmer is burning up his land and
doesn't know it How can we expect
to burn up stock which the soil pro
duces and put nothing back in the
way of humus and then hope to keep
our soil in good condition? Maybe
I'm wrong when I say that farmers do
not know what they're doing, for
doubtless some of them do know that
it is a bad practice, but burning stalks
ls easier than discing or cutting them
up and they are a nuisance to plow
under. Some farmers say there is no
benefit in plowing under stalks, but 1
cannot figure it out that way because
I do net see how we can go on rob
bing our soil and keep up the fertility.
It costs very little to keep a sheep
and a flock of PO sheep is worth
i Sickness Among Fowls.
The causes for sickness among
fowls can be treaced to lice, filth, no
grit over-fat, sour food, leaky roof3,
lack of exercise, crowded quarters,
cracks in the wall, exposure to hot
'.suns, cold houses In winter, hot hous
es in summer, irregularity In feeding,
damp houses and runs, nor enough
"bulky food, impure drinking water,
poorly ventilated houses, exposure to
bad weather, and too much heating
food in summer.
Making Stables Comfortable.
Stop the cracks and chinks in the
stables. The horses and cows will not
get cold outside if it isn't raining,
but in the stable, with the wind blow
ing in through some little hole, they
.will actually suffer. Get in a warm
room and let the cold air from out
side reach you through just one little
opening, if you don't believe lt
Shoeing the Colt
The first shoeing of a colt is the
most important, not only in the fit of
the shoes, but also in seeing that the
colt is not badly scared by the forge,
the unusual handling and new Bounds.
Horses mean to shoe are generally
the result of improper handling at
To tie up a horse so short that he
cannot comfortably lie down la a need
THREE MEALS A DAY.
To plan meals for three hundred
and sixty-five days In the year, three
times a day, is no small task. To have
well-balanced, well-served meals, well
within the income, providing variety
and leaving nothing wasted is yet an
other task which ls the daily problem
troubling thousands of women each
day. Economy does not mean spend
ing little; it means getting the best
returns for the money spent. There
is no better field for wise spending
than for the table. Good food is es
sential for the physical health, not to
speak of the mental and moral
growth, which ia no doubt largely de
pendent upon the right kind of food.
Oyster and Celery Soup.-Cook a
cup of finely cut celery in boiling wa
ter until tender, add a well seasoned
oyster stew with, a few chopped oys
Hamburg Steak.-Press a strip of
suet through an oblong of chopped
steak to represent ? bone, then a sec
ond long strip around the edge to look
like the fat on the edge of a porter
house. Cook in a very hot nan and
arrange potato balls around the
Bteak as it lays on a hot platter.
Baltimore Pudding.-Take half a"
cupful each of molasses, milk and
chopped beef suet, one and one-half
cups of flour, one cup of chopped
raisins, juice and rind of a lemon, half
a teaspoonful of soda, a teaspoonful
of salt, a quarter of a teaspoon each
of cloves and mace and a teaspoonful
of cinnamon. Mix well and steam
Dainty Salad.-Remove the seeds
from white or green grapes and ar
t range on lettuce leaves with French
dressing. Over them put cream cheese
put through a ricer. Serve very cold.
is discipleship. When some one sent a
cracked plate to China to have a set
made, every plato in the new set had a
crack In lt. -Wendell Phillips.
SOME WINTER DISHES.
Cut up two chickens and remove all
the large bones, fry in a little hot fat
for five minutes with a sliced onion.
Use a slice of salt pork for the fat,
finely cut. Put the chicken into a
deep saucepan with just enough boil
ing water to cover; cook until tender,
drain and arrange in a baking didh.
Beat the yolks of three eggs, add a
cup of milk, a tablespoonful of butter,
salt and cayenne, and flour to make a
stiff batter. Fold in the whites of the
eggs, beaten stiff. Pour over the
chicken and bake until brown; thick
en the stock in the pan with flour,
and a few mushrooms or oysters, and
this gravy will be a great addition to
the chicken pudding.
A few slices of nice salt pork
dipped in corn meal or flour and fried
brown and crisp are good, served with
baked potatoes and a gravy made
with milk and the fat left in the pan.
Baked Corn and Cheese.-Take two
cups of corn, mix with a slightly beat
en egg, two tablespoonfuls of melted
butter, a cup of milk and salt and
cayenne pepper to taste. Put into a
well buttered baking dish, cover with
grated cheese and fine bread crumbs,
dot with bits of butter and bake until
Sponge Cake With Jelly.-Cut out
the center of a round sponge cake,
leaving the sides and bottom thick
enough to hold a pint of jelly. Pre
pare an orange or lemon jelly, with
bits of nuts and fruit, if liked, turn
Into the cake when it begins to get
thick. Set on ice to mold and serve
with sweetened whiped cream spread
over the top.
Shaplelgh Cheese.-Cut stale bread
in half-inch slices, spread with but
ter and cut in finger-sized pieces.
Stand the pieces close together around
the edge of the baking dish and pour
in the following mixture: Beat two
eggs and add a cup of thin cream, a
tablespoonful of butter, one teaspoon
ful of salt, a pinch of mustard and
cayenne and a half pound of soft, mild
cheese cut in small pieces. Bake thir
Same Speech Thirteen Years.
ll D. Andrimont, a member of the
Belgian chamber, celebrated for his
speeches on questions of the consular
service, was appealing eloquently for
a reorganization of the service when
the foreign minister said:
"That is the same speech you made
"Just so," replied the deputy calm
ly. 'I have made it annually, word
for word for thirteen years. Nobody
noticed it before."
(Conducted by thu National Woman'? Chris
tian Temperance Union.)
VIEW ON PERSONAL LIBERTY
Home Hac Ito Rights Which. Saloon
Is Bound to Respect-Each Man
ls King Over Himself.
You say, "I will eat, drink, wear,
speak, just what I please." But society
says. "Nay, friend, you cannot speak
what you plefase. It will be easy for
you to utter words so blasphemous or
so unfit for ears polite that you will
trench on the sharp circle of the law.
It will be easy for you to appear
among us in such garb, that we shall
hand you over to the courts."
And so we come -with the question,
"What business do you intend to fol
low?" In your contract with society
it is Important to have an answer to
this question before wc let you in.
"I shall start a gambling house."
"O, no, you won't, my friend; the
principle of gambling ls a principle of
getting something for nothing, and
would be utterly subversive of so
"Well, then; I will have a shop to
sell vile literature."
"0, no, you won't; we shall inter
fere with your personal liberty just at
that point In the sacred interest of
childhood and of home."
"I will set up a tannery, a slaughter
house, a powder mill alongside of
"No, you will not; for we will de
clare them a nuisance on the instant.
"You may not even bullo a house of
such material as you happen to pre
fer. We legislate on all these matters
In the Interest of the majority."
"Well, then; I will start an opium
"No, we will have an ordinance
against that whenever you attempt
such an atrocity."
. "But if you are so hard on me, I will
start a saloon instead."
"No, you will not, my friend, and
for the self same reason that we will
not tolerate the traffic in opium-pois
on gathered from popples-we will not
let you sell the alcohol poison dis
tilled from friuts and grains. The
opening of your saloon would be the
opening of Pandora's box. It would
light the incendiary's torch, impel the
random bullet and the pernicious
knife stroke, and descend In heaviest
blows on the gentlest and most Inno
cent among us. Thirty-five per cent,
of the Insanity, eighty per cent, of
pauperism and ninety per cent, of
crime are caused by strong drink
The personal liberty the dealer really
seeks In his own liberty to enslave
a class. His practice proves too much
against his theory. In proportion as
the slavery of the drink appetite en
chains his patrons are his own re
ceipts increased. Ours is a country
where each man is supposed to be
king over one-that one himself-but
when the integers in the problem of
free government are systematically
converted into ciphers by the effects
of strong drink and the education ot
the saloon, then is the danger wide
spread and appalling. The home, too,
has its rights which the saloon ls
bound to respect."
WINE VS. WATER.
Why does wine dry the mouth? Be
cause the alcohol in it absorbs wa
Why does water moisten the mouth?
Because the skin Ukes it in.
Why does wine burn the stomach?
Because the alcohol in lt dries up all
the water it can find lu it.
Why does water cool the stomach?
Because the stomach In doing Its
work gets warmer than the wa
Why does wine tire the heart? Be
cause the alcohol In it makes the
heart beat faster.
Why does water help the heart? Be
cause it cools the blood.
Why does wine disease the blood?
Because the alcohol thickens it.
Why does water make the blood
good? It washes it.
Why does wino redden the eyes?
It burns them.
Why does water brighten them? It
Why does wine madden the brain?
Because the alcohol in the wine burns
Why does water cool the brain. Be
cause it keeps the blood cool which
flows to the brain.
Why does wine maye thirst? Be
cause the alcohol in it dries every
part of the body.
Why does wine make thirst? Be
cause it gives what every part of the
Why Is wine costly? Because it ls
difficult to make, and because men
who sell lt want to grow rijh fast.
Why is water free? Because it ls
the gift of God.
Can't Walk Straight.
The Northwestern Christian Advo
cate speaks straight to the point in
the following utterance:
"We have known of many influen
tial laymen and some ministers "un
der the Influence of liquor" who nev
er took a drink. How's that? They
were afraid to speak out against the
saloon or to vote the Institution out
of their mids* because of some promi
nent brewer or politician. Such peo
ple are very much under the influ
ence, so much so they can't walk in
a straight path."
ECONOMY OF STEEL WHEELS
Seems to Have Large Measure of
Common Stnse Back of Claims
Advanced in Its Favor.
The agricultural college and experi
ment station of the University of
Wyoming has proved the value of
steel wheels to its complete satisfac
tion, and in a recent bulletin one of
the experts of that institution said:
"Low. wide-tired steel wheels will
give any farmer better equipment for
his work. Under all conditions of
the Seid and nearly all conditions of
the road it is estimated that broad
tired steel wheels pull from 30 to
100 per cent, lighter than the narrow
The steel wheel for farm use seems ?
to have a large measure of common i
sense back of the claims that have j
been advanced in favor of it.
From the standpoint of convenience 1
the farm wagon that haB been made
over into a low-down vehicle with
wide steel tires has a strong appeal.
It is easily loaded and overcomes all >
the objections to high wagons of the I
Users of steel wheels say their '
economy cannot be denied, as they
make a much lighter draft, are there- '
fore easier on the team, and, more
over, soon pay for themselves in the
elimination of tire troubles, so com
mon to wood wheels.
Their practical value is further
vouched for In the experiences of j
those who find that wide-tired steel
wheels do not cut up the pastures,
do not become "mired" in soft fields
or muddy roads, and do not cause the
heavy pulls that "rutty" roads have
always meant for narrow tires.
CAREFUL FEEDING OF COLTS
Must Be Kept Growing if Best Horses
Aro to Be Made of Them-Oats
Make Good Feed.
Some people seem to think that
the colts can live out in all kinds of
weather, and thrive on any kind of
feed that they can get. This is a
great mistake, however. Colts, like
any other young animals, must be
kept growing by careful feeding if the
best horses are to be made of them.
Now is the time of the year to pre
pare for feeding and sheltering the
colts. Make preparations to feed
them a little, gradually increasing the
amount as the grass becomes shorter.
Fix a small inclosure in the pasture
where the colts run, so that they can
run under the rails at a gap, but
mares will be excluded.
If the inclosure is made near the
salting or watering place the marea
will not be so liable to toll the colts
away before they are through eating.
Oats, with a little bran mixed in
them, make an excellent feed. Feed
once a day, and lightly at first. In a
little while they can be fed twice
daily and will eat a quart of feed a
RAISING PONIES FOR PROFIT
Little Fellows Always Find Ready
Sale in All City Markets-Cost
of Rearing ls Small.
Did you ever investigate the rais
ing of the little ponies that are the
delight of every child's heart The
cost of keeping the ponies would not
be a great deal for a farmer who
has other colts and horses to raise.
Pleasure and Profit.
and these little fellows find a ready
sale in the city markets. Your own
children would be made happy by the
possession of a beautiful little pony,
and then, of course,, your neighbors'
Call and see
We handle Soi
P. &F, A
Augusta High Grade
These goods are nc
house ready for del
children would have to have one-so
your profits would begin at once by
the creation of a market for them
right at home.
Mining Mules Pay.
What are called mining mules are
being raised profitably in the middle
west There are two classes neces
sary for the occupation-the surface
mules and the pit mules, the size and
weight of the latter determined by
the size of the tunneling. These ani
mals are wanted to range from 600
pounds to 1,350 in weight, and twelve
to sixteen hands in height Thev
must have deep bodies, good feet and
those from five to eight years are pre
Harm of Too Much Grain.
It never occurs to the average far
mer that the effect of a long contin
ued diet of grain is as injurious to
fowls as to cattle, nor that the con
centrated grain food gives the best re
sults when dilutet or mixed with some
bulky succulent material.
Reasons for Eating.
The hen ha3 three reasons for eat
ing: To repair the tissues of her
body, to keep herself warm, and to
make eggs. It therefore follows that
her diet must be varied and plentiful.
Pure Bred Boar.
At any rate get a pure bred boar.
Then you have hal.* the drove thor
is one of the common symp
toms of womanly trouble, and
the cause has to be removed
before you can rid yourself of it
entirely. A medicine that mere
ly kills pain, does not go to the
seat of the trouble, and kill the
cause. What you need is a
woman's medicine-one which
acts directly, yet gently, on the
The Woman's Tonic
After having used C a r d u i,
Miss Lillie Gibson, of Chrise
man, Texas, writes: "About
three years ago, I was just
entering womanhood, and was
sick in bed for nearly nine
months. Sometimes I would
have such headaches, and oth
er aches, I could hardly stand
it. I tried Cardui, and now I
am cured of all my troubles. I
shall praise Cardui as long as I
live." Cardui is tbs medicine
you need. Try it E-69
?ers and Fertilizer Ma
Seed Meal, N
3 Mr. R. C. Pad
A. E. Padgett.
. D, Bone
, Acid of all Grades.
iw in the ware
DR. J. S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
James A. Dobey,
Johnston. S. C.
OFFICE OVER JOHNSTON DRUG CO.
A, H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
Crown and Bridge work a Specialty
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Marling & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
I take this means of notifying
the public, and particularly the
people of the 4th judicial district,
that I have received my commission
ind ara duly qualified under tho
?aw to transact all business intrust
ed to me as magistrate of t the 4th
J. F. Pardue.
Collier, S. C.
Landreth's seed hive been known
for years by the title, Seed which
Succeed. They succeed because
they are vital. They succeed be
cause they have quality. Let us
have your orders for anything you
need in garden seed. Mail or. der?
wu 1 ha ve our prompt attention
W. E. Lynch & Co.
Save Your State Coupons.
Please save your State coupons,
subscriptions and renewals for me,
you will titid a box for receiving
coupons at either of the drug stores
or al Smith-Marsh's store. Send
subscriptions to roe at Johnston, S.
C., give to Dr. Marsh or save until
I can see yon. Your kindness will
be appreciated. Thanking you very
Theodore S. Marsh
3r ct. acid
gett or Mr.